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myopathy, neuropathy, stroke, MS,

H Steven Block, José Biller
Pregnancy creates alterations in maternal physiology which predispose to unique neurologic disorders. Pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, certain types of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and thunderclap headache all appear to share a common origin from vascular endothelial dysfunction, with overlapping clinical presentations. Multiple sclerosis often improves during pregnancy. Compression mononeuropathies may occur in the extremities...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
José M Ferro, Sofia N Oliveira, Luis Correia
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic, relapsing and remitting inflammatory conditions affecting the digestive system, comprising two main distinctive diseases, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Besides the classic gastrointestinal manifestations, a variable number of IBD patients present with extraintestinal manifestations, including central and peripheral nervous system involvement. Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common complications. An inflammatory myopathy has also been found...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
George Forrest, Sara Huss, Vishal Patel, Jared Jeffries, Donna Myers, Connie Barber, Millie Kosier
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between admission diagnosis and admission score on Functional Independence Measure (FIM) to the likelihood that a patient will fall. To measure the effectiveness of a multifactorial program to reduce falls. METHOD: The Quality Improvement Team put in place a multifactorial program to reduce the incidence of falls on an inpatient rehabilitation unit. The authors reviewed the records of all patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit between January 2006 and December 2009 to determine if the program resulted in a reduced rate of falls...
March 2012: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
M J Zwarts, G Bleijenberg, B G M van Engelen
Fatigue is a multidimensional concept covering both physiological and psychological aspects. Chronic fatigue is a typical symptom of diseases such as cancer, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease (PD) and cerebrovascular disorders but is also presented by people in whom no defined somatic disease has been established. If certain criteria are met, chronic fatigue syndrome can be diagnosed. The 4-item Abbreviated Fatigue Questionnaire allows the extent of the experienced fatigue to be assessed with a high degree of reliability and validity...
January 2008: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Jurek Olszewski
The intricate mechanism of swallowing can be divided into three phases: oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal. Dysphagia is a disruption in the swallowing process, which include difficulty in transporting (or a lack of transporting) a food or liquid bolus from the mouth through the pharynx and esophagus into the stomach. Causes of disruptions in the swallowing process can be divided into superior (oropharyngeal) and inferior (esophageal) according to Paradowski et al. Neurlologic dysphagia may be caused by a disruption in different parts of the central nervous system (supranuclear level, level of motor and sensory nuclei taking part in swallowing process, peripherial nerves level and a pathology of muscle cells and spindles) or neuromuscular and muscular disorders...
2006: Otolaryngologia Polska
Afshin Borhani Haghighi, Rahman Pourmand, Ali-Reza Nikseresht
BACKGROUND: Behçet disease is a vasculitis with mucocutaneous, ocular, arthritic, vascular, and other manifestations. Its neurologic manifestations (neuro-Behçet disease) are relatively rare, but they must be thoroughly investigated due to their grave prognosis. REVIEW SUMMARY: The frequency of neurologic manifestations, more common in male Behçet patients, is between 5% and 30%. Both the central and peripheral nervous systems can be involved. Central nervous system manifestations can be divided into 2 main groups: (1) parenchymal involvement, which includes brainstem involvement, hemispheric manifestations, spinal cord lesions, and meningoencephalitic presentations; (2) nonparenchymal involvement, including dural sinus thrombosis, arterial occlusion, and/or aneurysms...
March 2005: Neurologist
P Bodenmann, J Ghika, G Van Melle, J Bogousslavsky
We studied the neurological comorbidity of parkinsonism in 368 consecutive patients from the Lausanne Movement Disorders Registry. Only 6 patients had no neurological comorbidity. We found that 23p.100 of our patients had ischemic strokes, especially large vessel strokes, i.e three times more than in an age-matched control study performed in a recent survey in our country, which is a new finding in contradiction with previous reports mentioning that Parkinson's disease may be a protective factor against stroke...
January 2001: Revue Neurologique
M Hadjivassiliou, A Gibson, G A Davies-Jones, A J Lobo, T J Stephenson, A Milford-Ward
BACKGROUND: Antigliadin antibodies are a marker of untreated coeliac disease but can also be found in individuals with normal small-bowel mucosa. Because neurological dysfunction is a known complication of coeliac disease we have investigated the frequency of antigliadin antibodies, as a measure of cryptic gluten sensitivity, and coeliac disease in neurological patients. METHODS: Using ELISA, we estimated serum IgG and IgA antigliadin antibodies in 147 neurological patients who were divided into two groups...
February 10, 1996: Lancet
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