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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446840/musculoskeletal-morbidity-among-construction-workers-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#1
Gopireddy M M Reddy, B Nisha, Thangaraj G Prabhushankar, V Vishwambhar
BACKGROUND: Construction industry is one of the stable growing industries in India. People working in construction industries are at a risk of various occupational diseases. Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) is the single largest cause of work-related illness, accounting for over 33% of all newly reported occupational illnesses in the general population and approximately 77% in construction workers. In spite of the high prevalence and wide range of adverse consequences, the studies highlighting the burden and impact of musculoskeletal morbidities are very scarce in India...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446376/comparison-of-virtual-reality-exergaming-and-home-exercise-programs-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-scapular-dyskinesis-short-term-effect
#2
Nihan Ozunlu Pekyavas, Nevin Ergun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short term effects of home exercise program and virtual reality exergaming in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with SAIS were randomized into two groups which are Home Exercise Program (EX Group) (mean age: 40.6 ± 11.7 years) and Virtual Reality Exergaming Program (WII Group) (mean age: 40.33 ± 13.2 years). Subjects were assessed at the first session, at the end of the treatment (6 weeks) and at 1 month follow-up...
April 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444541/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-massive-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-and-cuff-tear-arthropathy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
S Petrillo, U G Longo, R Papalia, V Denaro
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes and complications of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCT) and cuff tear arthropathy (CTA). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature contained in Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Ovid databases was conducted on May 1, 2016, according to PRISMA guidelines. The key words "reverse total shoulder arthroplasty" or "reverse total shoulder prostheses" with "rotator cuff tears"; "failed rotator cuff surgery"; "massive rotator cuff tears"; "irreparable rotator cuff tears"; "cuff tear arthropathy"; "outcomes"; "complications" were matched...
April 25, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437503/subscapularis-tenotomy-versus-lesser-tuberosity-osteotomy-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#4
Philip K Louie, David M Levy, Bernard R Bach, Gregory P Nicholson, Anthony A Romeo
Subscapularis tenotomy (ST) has been the standard method of mobilizing the subscapularis during the approach to a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Recently, lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO), which avoids subscapularis complications, has gained in popularity. We performed a systematic review to elucidate any differences in clinical or radiographic outcomes between ST and LTO. Using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines, we identified clinical and/or radiographic TSA studies with minimum mean 2-year follow-up and level I to IV evidence...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437496/novel-solution-for-massive-glenoid-defects-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-patient-specific-glenoid-vault-reconstruction-system
#5
David M Dines, Lawrence Gulotta, Edward V Craig, Joshua S Dines
Complex glenoid deformities present the most difficult challenges in shoulder arthroplasty. These deformities may be caused by severe degenerative or congenital deformity, posttraumatic anatomy, tumor, or, in most cases, bone loss after glenoid failure in anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty. Methods of treating severe bone loss have included inlay and onlay bone-graft options with augmented fixation and, in severe cases, salvage hemiarthroplasty with limited goal expectations. Unfortunately, none of these methods has provided consistently satisfactory reproducible results...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434911/does-quantity-ensure-quality-standardized-osce-stations-for-outcome-oriented-evaluation-of-practical-skills-at-different-medical-faculties
#6
Iris Schleicher, Karsten Leitner, Jana Juenger, Andreas Moeltner, Miriam Ruesseler, Bernd Bender, Jasmina Sterz, Tina Stibane, Sarah Koenig, Susanne Frankenhauser, Joachim Gerhard Kreuder
BACKGROUND: Practical skills are often assessed using Objective Structured Clinical Skill Exams (OSCE). Nevertheless, in Germany, interchange and agreement between different medical faculties or a general agreement on the minimum standard for passing is lacking. METHODS: We developed standardized OSCE-stations for assessing structured clinical examination of knee and shoulder joint with identical checklists and evaluation standards. These were implemented into the OSCE-course at five different medical faculties...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434847/mri-before-radiography-for-patients-with-new-shoulder-conditions
#7
Kirstin M Small, Frank J Rybicki, Lindsay R Miller, Stephen D Daniels, Laurence D Higgins
PURPOSE: To assess the patterns of Appropriate Criteria application among orthopedic specialists and other fields of medicine for use of MRI and radiography and the subsequent necessity for surgical intervention. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was used to identify all shoulder MRI studies at a single large urban teaching hospital between January 2, 2011, and June 30, 2011. For each study, variables collected included ordering department, patient age, patient gender, patient's self-reported race/ethnicity, whether the patient obtained surgery for an issue related to the MRI diagnosis, the type of MRI ordered, the date of pain onset, the date of x-ray (if any), and the date of the MRI...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430721/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-primary-arthroplasty-versus-secondary-arthroplasty-following-failed-proximal-humeral-locking-plate-fixation
#8
Emilio Sebastia-Forcada, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Román Cebrian-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) between patients with failed proximal humeral locking plate (PHLP) fixation and those with acute fractures. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, level I trauma center. PATIENTS: 30 consecutive patients with fracture sequelae due to failed PHLP fixation (mean age 73) were age- and gender-matched to 30 patients with acute fracture (mean age 75)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429046/western-ontario-shoulder-instability-index-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-turkish-version
#9
Selda Basar, Gurkan Gunaydin, Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Ugur Sozlu, Zeynep Beyza Alkan, Omer Osman Pala, Seyit Citaker, Ulunay Kanatli
One way to measure the effectiveness of a specific treatment is to utilize measurements designed specifically for the disorder. Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) is a subjective self-report scale indicating the latest condition of the patients with shoulder instability. The objective is to study the cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of WOSI in Turkish population with shoulder disability. First, WOSI was translated and culturally adapted from English into Turkish. Afterward, in order to determine the level of reliability, internal consistency and test-retest analyses were conducted...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428914/development-and-validation-of-a-disease-specific-questionnaire-for-basal-joint-arthritis
#10
Peter C Noback, Joseph M Lombardi, Mani Seetharaman, Donald H Lee, Robert J Strauch, Melvin P Rosenwasser
Background The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is the most commonly used instrument to assess outcomes of basal joint arthritis (BJA). However, the DASH is subject to influence by the entire upper extremity. Purpose This study aims to develop and validate a disease-specific questionnaire for BJA that would be more sensitive to changes in thumb function and pain, and correlate better with objective and subjective metrics. Patients and Methods The thumb disability examination (TDX) was developed and 80 patients presenting with BJA at one of the two hospital-based hand clinics were enrolled in the validation study...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423974/competitive-bass-anglers-a-new-concern-in-sports-medicine
#11
Connor R Read, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, A Reed Estes
OBJECTIVE: Competitive bass angling involves sport fishing against other anglers while targeting a species of fish known as the black basses. Due to the rapidly growing popularity of high school competitive bass angling in Alabama and the nature of the casting motion similar to that of overhead athletes, we sought to examine the prevalence of sports type injuries in this population. METHODS: In spring 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed across two large scale competitive high school fishing tournaments, allowing for a broad sampling of anglers throughout the state of Alabama...
April 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419044/resiliency-is-good-for-you-commentary-on-an-article-by-brian-c-werner-md-et-al-depression-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#12
David Ring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419037/depression-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#13
Brian C Werner, Alexandra C Wong, Brenda Chang, Edward V Craig, David M Dines, Russell F Warren, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have found that depression is associated with increased pain and impairment following lower-extremity arthroplasty; however, this association has not been investigated for total shoulder arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between depression and patient-reported outcomes following total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A prospectively collected institutional registry was queried for consecutive patients who underwent total shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis from 2007 to 2013 with baseline and minimum 2-year postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419030/ambulatory-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-current-trends-complications-readmissions-and-costs
#14
Jourdan M Cancienne, Stephen F Brockmeier, Lawrence V Gulotta, David M Dines, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: There have been few studies that have evaluated ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the current trends in ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty in the United States; to characterize the rate of postoperative complications, hospital readmission, and risk factors associated with readmission; and to conduct a cost analysis comparing ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty with matched inpatient total shoulder arthroplasty...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418573/trends-in-surgical-management-and-costs-for-operative-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-the-elderly
#15
Eddie K Hasty, Edward W Jernigan, Adrianne Soo, Dax T Varkey, Ganesh V Kamath
Proximal humerus fractures in the elderly are increasing in frequency as the population ages. The purpose of this study was to investigate surgical and cost trends in the Medicare population. The PearlDiver database was queried using diagnosis codes to identify Medicare recipients with proximal humerus fractures from 2005 to 2012. Surgical trends, demographics, and charge/reimbursement data were analyzed. There were 750,426 proximal humerus fractures in Medicare recipients during the 8-year period. Eighty-five percent of the fractures were treated nonoperatively; however, the percentage of operative vs nonoperative management increased significantly over time for all fractures, isolated fractures, and fracture dislocations...
April 18, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416996/the-relationship-between-the-development-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-body-mass-index-and-academic-stress-in-bahraini-university-students
#16
Sayed A Tantawy, Asma Abdul Rahman, Maryam Abdul Ameer
BACKGROUND: There are many mechanisms in which stress can lead to weight gain thus high a BMI. The endocrine and inflammatory pathway can directly increase abdominal adiposity. Another way in which stress leads to weight gain is through changes in health behaviors. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among healthy students of Ahlia University, and to determine the relationship between the development of MSDs and academic stressors and body mass index...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415938/indocyanine-green-detects-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-early-breast-cancer
#17
Jun Liu, Linping Huang, Ning Wang, Ping Chen
Objective To explore the clinical value of indocyanine green (ICG) for the fluorescence-guided detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) during sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with early breast cancer. Methods This retrospective study included female patients with breast cancer. Patients were administered methylene blue and ICG using standard techniques. All SLNs that were collected during surgery were submitted for pathological examination. SLNs were defined as those that were either fluorescent, blue, fluorescent and blue or palpably suspicious...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#18
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413927/-it-has-changed-my-life-an-exploration-of-caregiver-experiences-in-serious-illness
#19
Eric W Anderson, Katie M White
BACKGROUND: Informal, unpaid caregivers shoulder much of the care burden for individuals with serious illness. As part of a project to create an innovative model of supportive care for serious illness, a series of user interviews were conducted, forming the basis for this article. OBJECTIVE: To understand both individual and interpersonal aspects of caregiving for serious illness. METHODS: Twelve semistructured group interviews were conducted with patients, families, and professionals as part of a larger study of late-life serious illness...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412104/cement-stress-predictions-after-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-are-correlated-with-preoperative-glenoid-bone-quality
#20
Alexandre Terrier, Raphaël Obrist, Fabio Becce, Alain Farron
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that biomechanical parameters typically associated with glenoid implant failure after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) would be correlated with preoperative glenoid bone quality. METHODS: We developed an objective automated method to quantify preoperative glenoid bone quality in different volumes of interest (VOIs): cortical bone, subchondral cortical plate, subchondral bone after reaming, subchondral trabecular bone, and successive layers of trabecular bone...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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