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radiation complication in cervical cancer

Zhong-Shan Liu, Jie Guo, Yang-Zhi Zhao, Xia Lin, Bin Chen, Ming Zhang, Jiang-Ming Li, Xiao-Jun Ren, Bing-Ya Zhang, Tie-Jun Wang
PURPOSE: Locally recurring cervical cancer after surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy remains a major therapeutic challenge. This paper presents a new therapeutic technique for such patients: interstitial brachytherapy (BT) guided by real-time three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with recurrent cervical cancer after radical surgery and adjuvant external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) were included in this study. These patients underwent high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial BT with free-hand placement of metal needles guided by real-time 3D-CT...
October 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Lucas Goense, Peter S N van Rossum, Jelle P Ruurda, Marco van Vulpen, Stella Mook, Gert J Meijer, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised regarding the toxicity of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for esophageal cancer that could contribute to an increased risk of postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the radiation dose to the gastric fundus on the risk of postoperative anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing nCRT followed by transthoracic esophagectomy. METHODS: Between January 2012 and July 2015, 97 consecutive patients who underwent nCRT followed by transthoracic esophagectomy were included in this single-center cohort study...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Katsushi Takebayashi, Yasuhiro Tsubosa, Tomoyuki Kamijo, Yoshiyuki Iida, Atsushi Imai, Masato Nagaoka, Takashi Kitani, Masahiro Niihara, Eisuke Booka, Ayako Shimada, Masahiro Nakagawa, Tetsuro Onitsuka
BACKGROUND: Total pharyngolaryngectomy and cervical esophagectomy (TPLCE) after chemoradiotherapy remains a challenge because of the high rate of complications and few available data on outcomes and safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of salvage TPLCE and to compare treatment outcomes between hypopharyngeal cancer and cervical esophageal cancer. METHODS: Data from 37 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with potentially resectable hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal cancer after chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Raymond H Kim, Lisa Allen, Abha Gupta, Taymaa May
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the cervix in young women successfully treated with fertility-sparing surgery and chemotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, three cases of ERMS of the cervix were confirmed in young women at a single tertiary cancer center. All cases were managed by a pediatric oncologist and a gynecologic oncologist with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. Fertility-sparing surgeries (cervical conization or robotic-assisted radical trachelectomy) were offered to patients depending on the tumor size...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Leslie H Clark, Emma L Barber, Paola A Gehrig, John T Soper, John F Boggess, Kenneth H Kim
OBJECTIVE: Open radical hysterectomy followed by adjuvant radiation for cervical cancer has been associated with significant rates of morbidity. Radical hysterectomy is now often performed robotically. We sought to examine if the robotic platform decreased the morbidity associated with radical hysterectomy followed by adjuvant radiation. MATERIALS/METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with cervical cancer undergoing radical hysterectomy from 1995 to 2013 was evaluated...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Evrim Duman, Aysun Inal, Aycan Sengul, Timur Koca, Yigit Cecen, Melek Nur Yavuz
AIM: The study evaluates the different treatment planning techniques according to three recommendation levels of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report-83 in gynecologic cancer patients treated with adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy (APR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized tomography images of ten endometrial and cervical cancer patients who were treated with APR were assessed. For each patient, five different treatment plans were created...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Yiming Zhu, Hong Zhang, Song Ni, Jian Wang, Dezhi Li, Shaoyan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effects and short-term complications of using free jejunum graft (FJG) to reconstruct the defects by resections of pharyngeal, laryngeal or cervical esophageal cancers. METHOD: Fifty-eight cases of pharyngeal, laryngeal or cervical esophageal cancers were reconstructed with FJG. All cases were analyzed retrospectively. RESULT: The success rate of FJG transplantations was 91.4% (53/58). The incidence of post-operative short-term complication was 43...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Kazuto Nakamura, Yoshikazu Kitahara, Toyomi Satoh, Yuji Takei, Masashi Takano, Shoji Nagao, Isao Sekiguchi, Mitsuaki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: There are no definitive criteria for identifying which patients with The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB cervical cancer will benefit from adjuvant therapy after radical hysterectomy. The aims of this study were to clarify the efficacy of adjuvant therapy and assess complications after radical hysterectomy in patients with FIGO stage IB1 cervical cancer with intermediate risk factors. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2009, the medical records of 75 stage IB1 patients' intermediate risk factors (i...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Fumiaki Isohashi, Seiji Mabuchi, Yuichi Akino, Yasuo Yoshioka, Yuji Seo, Osamu Suzuki, Keisuke Tamari, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Kenjiro Sawada, Yutaka Ueda, Eiji Kobayashi, Iori Sumida, Hirokazu Mizuno, Hirofumi Okubo, Tadashi Kimura, Kazuhiko Ogawa
The purpose of this study is to evaluate dose-volume histogram (DVH) predictors for the development of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications in patients with cervical cancer who have undergone postoperative concurrent chemotherapy and whole-pelvic radiation therapy (WPRT). The subjects were 135 patients who had undergone postoperative WPRT with concurrent nedaplatin-based chemotherapy between 2000 and 2014. Associations between selected DVH parameters and the incidence of chronic GI complications of G3 or higher were evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Yoshifumi Oku, Hidetaka Arimura, Tran Thi Thao Nguyen, Yoshiyuki Hiraki, Masahiko Toyota, Yasumasa Saigo, Takashi Yoshiura, Hideki Hirata
This study investigates whether in-room computed tomography (CT)-based adaptive treatment planning (ATP) is robust against interfractional location variations, namely, interfractional organ motions and/or applicator displacements, in 3D intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) for uterine cervical cancer. In ATP, the radiation treatment plans, which have been designed based on planning CT images (and/or MR images) acquired just before the treatments, are adaptively applied for each fraction, taking into account the interfractional location variations...
November 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
F Fanfani, E Vizza, F Landoni, P de Iaco, G Ferrandina, G Corrado, V Gallotta, M A Gambacorta, A Fagotti, G Monterossi, A M Perrone, R Lazzari, S P Colangione, G Scambia
BACKGROUND: To compare patterns and rates of early and late complications, and survival outcome in FIGO stage III cervical cancer patients underwent to radical hysterectomy after chemo-radiation (CT-RT) vs. chemo-radiation alone. METHODS: Between May 1996 and April 2013 150 FIGO stage III cervical cancer patients were treated. We divide patients according to type of treatment: 77 were submitted to standard treatment (Group A), and 73 to completion hysterectomy after chemo-radiation (Group B)...
October 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hiroshi Asano, Yukiharu Todo, Hidemichi Watari
The aim of this review is to address the current status of adjuvant chemotherapy alone in early-stage cervical cancer treatments in the literature. At present, the therapeutic effect of adjuvant chemotherapy alone after radical surgery (RS) has not yet been established, and radiation therapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is recommended as the standard adjuvant therapy after RS for early-stage cervical cancer in various guidelines. The main purpose of adjuvant therapy after RS, however, should be to reduce extrapelvic recurrence rather than local recurrence, although adjuvant RT or CCRT has survival benefits for patients with intermediate- or high-risk factors for recurrence...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Patrick Lorimer, Zvonimir Milas
Most cutaneous malignancies of the head and neck (HN) are non-melanoma skin cancers, predominantly basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Less common entities include Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), sebaceous carcinoma (SC), and angiosarcoma. Treatment is based on histology subtype, stage, and extent of involvement. Surgery is the primary means of treatment and includes wide local excision, Mohs micrographic surgery, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and cervical lymphadenectomy. Multidisciplinary management including radiation and targeted chemotherapy are critical adjuncts to surgery...
June 2016: Seminars in Oncology
Megan Dunne, Kathleen Keenan
: More than 12% of women will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their lives, and 78% of them can be expected to survive for at least 15 years. More than 2.8 million breast cancer survivors currently reside in the United States. After breast cancer treatment, as many as 90% of survivors report physical problems that can reduce functional ability, produce or exacerbate emotional problems, negatively affect body image, and diminish quality of life. Many survivors will seek care for late and long-term effects of treatment, which will not necessarily be recognized as such by health care providers and appropriately treated...
June 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Justin Wray, Stella Flampouri, William Slayton, Michael Joyce, Eric Sandler, Christopher G Morris, Zuofeng Li, Daniel J Indelicato, Nancy P Mendenhall, Bradford S Hoppe
BACKGROUND: Compared to X-ray radiation therapy, proton therapy (PT) reduces the radiation dose to organs at risk, which is expected to translate into fewer second cancers and less cardiac morbidity decades after treatment. The Children's Oncology Group high-risk pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (PHL) protocol, AHOD1331, allows the use of PT, yet limited data exist on the use of PT in PHL. PROCEDURE: Between 2010 and 2014, 22 pediatric patients were treated with PT for PHL at our institution: 7 intermediate-risk patients, 11 high-risk patients, and 4 relapsed patients...
September 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Elena Manea, Anca Munteanu
Bilateral breast cancer incidence is appreciated to be between 0.3 to 12% and is determined either by a hereditary load associated with chromosomal instability under the effect of environmental factors, or by the evolution in a particular hormonal context which gives biological aggressiveness. We present the case of a patient, aged 38 years, clinically, imagistic and bioptic diagnosed with left axillary lymph node metastases of breast carcinoma NST invasive G3, IHC-RE = 60%, RP = 30%, HER2neu = 2 +, Ki67 = 20%, in August 2013...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Hai Huang, Shaonian Xu, Fusheng Li, Zhenguang Du, Liang Wang
BACKGROUND: To assess clinical application of computed tomography (CT)-guided (125)I seed implantation for patients who cannot endure or unwillingly receive repeated surgery, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy for unmanageable cervical lymph node metastases in head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive patients received CT-guided (125)I seed implantation between February 2010 and December 2013. To evaluate the clinical efficiency, karnofsky performance score (KPS), numeric rating scale (NRS), and tumor volume at 3-, and 6-month post-implantation were compared with pre-implantation, along with local control rate (LCR), overall survival rate (OSR), and complications at 3, 6 months, 1, and 2 years...
April 27, 2016: European Journal of Medical Research
A Hoeben, J Polak, L Van De Voorde, F Hoebers, H I Grabsch, J de Vos-Geelen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the diagnosis, treatment options and treatment-related complications of cervical esophageal carcinoma (CEC) and to subsequently provide recommendations to improve quality of care. DESIGN: Studies were identified in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science. A total of 107 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included. RESULTS: CEC is uncommon, accounting for 2%-10% of all esophageal carcinomas...
September 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Sheri K Palejwala, Kevin A Lawson, Sean L Kent, Nikolay L Martirosyan, Travis M Dumont
Osteoradionecrosis is a known complication following radiation therapy, presenting most commonly in the cervical spine as a delayed consequence of radiation that is often necessary in the management of head and neck cancers. In contrast, osteoradionecrosis has rarely been described in the lumbar spine. Here we describe, to our knowledge, the first reported case of lumbar spine osteoradionecrosis, after adjuvant radiation for a primary spinal cord tumor, leading to progressive degenerative scoliosis which required subsequent operative management...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Wonwoo Shon, David A Wada, Amer N Kalaaji
The cutaneous lesions of radiation-induced pemphigus or pemphigoid disease may resemble other skin diseases, including recurrent underlying cancer. We performed a computerized search of Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) archives and identified 3 cases of pemphigus or pemphigoid disease that occurred after radiation therapy for breast, cervical, and metastatic malignancies, respectively. In 2 of these patients, the disease was initially confined to the irradiated field but subsequently disseminated to other parts of the patients' bodies, including mucosal surfaces...
March 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
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