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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#1
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818414/utilization-of-away-from-home-food-establishments-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dietary-pattern-and-obesity
#2
Tarra L Penney, Nicholas R V Jones, Jean Adams, Eva R Maguire, Thomas Burgoine, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: Eating meals away from home has been associated with the consumption of unhealthy foods and increased body weight. However, more rigorous assessment of the contribution of different types of away-from-home food establishments to overall diet quality and obesity is minimal. This study examined usage of these food establishments, accordance to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and obesity status in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United Kingdom...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818089/frequency-of-eating-home-cooked-meals-and-potential-benefits-for-diet-and-health-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Susanna Mills, Heather Brown, Wendy Wrieden, Martin White, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between preparing and eating home cooked food, and both diet and health, are inconsistent. Most previous research has focused on preparing, rather than eating, home cooked food; used small, non-population based samples; and studied markers of nutrient intake, rather than overall diet quality or health. We aimed to assess whether frequency of consuming home cooked meals was cross-sectionally associated with diet quality and cardio-metabolic health. METHODS: We used baseline data from a United Kingdom population-based cohort study of adults aged 29 to 64 years (n = 11,396)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#4
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814286/dietary-pattern-and-other-lifestyle-factors-as-potential-contributors-to-hypertension-prevalence-in-arusha-city-tanzania-a-population-based-descriptive-study
#5
L K Katalambula, D N Meyer, T Ngoma, J Buza, E Mpolya, A H Mtumwa, P Petrucka
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is increasing worldwide, disproportionately so in developing countries. Inadequate health care systems and adoption of unhealthy lifestyles have been linked to this emergent pattern. To better understand this trend, it is imperative we measure prevalence of hypertension, and examine specific risk factors, at a local level. This study provides a cross-sectional view of urban residents of Arusha City to determine prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured using a digital sphygmomanometer...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813008/dietary-fructose-enhances-the-ability-of-low-concentrations-of-angiotensin-ii-to-stimulate-proximal-tubule-na%C3%A2-%C2%BA-reabsorption
#6
Agustin Gonzalez-Vicente, Pablo D Cabral, Nancy J Hong, Jessica Asirwatham, Nianxin Yang, Jessica M Berthiaume, Fernando P Dominici, Jeffrey L Garvin
Fructose-enriched diets cause salt-sensitive hypertension. Proximal tubules (PTs) reabsorb 70% of the water and salt filtered through the glomerulus. Angiotensin II (Ang II) regulates this process. Normally, dietary salt reduces Ang II allowing the kidney to excrete more salt, thereby preventing hypertension. We hypothesized that fructose-enriched diets enhance the ability of low concentrations of Ang II to stimulate PT transport. We measured the effects of a low concentration of Ang II (10(-12) mol/L) on transport-related oxygen consumption (QO₂), and Na/K-ATPase and Na/H-exchange (NHE) activities and expression in PTs from rats consuming tap water (Control) or 20% fructose (FRUC)...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812915/kardiovize-brno-2030-a-prospective-cardiovascular-health-study-in-central-europe-methods-baseline-findings-and-future-directions
#7
Narine K Movsisyan, Manlio Vinciguerra, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Šárka Kunzová, Martin Homolka, Jana Jaresova, Renata Cífková, Ondřej Sochor
Background Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent in Eastern and Central Europe, where the incidence is the highest in the world. The Kardiovize Brno 2030 study was designed as a prospective cohort study to investigate the complex relationships of cardiovascular disease and outcomes with a range of biological, psychosocial, environmental, behavioral, and economic factors in an urban population of the Czech Republic. Methods We randomly selected a 1% sample of the city of Brno residents aged 25-64 years stratified by sex and age...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811094/-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-smp-t2d-questionnaire-in-spanish-for-evaluating-self-management-of-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-pag-dt2-hta
#8
G M Galván Flores, K Gallegos Carrillo, S Palomo Piñon, S Sánchez García, J Cuadros Moreno, M V Martínez Olivares, J J Cuevas Cancino, I Grijalva, R Sánchez Arenas
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions worldwide. It affects one in every 3 adults over 40, while one in 10 suffers from diabetes. For both diseases, adherence to pharmacological treatment is over 30%, and self-management, which takes into account diet and physical activity, is still unknown, as there is no tool available to measure self-management. Therefore, the object of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the self-management profile for type 2 diabetes (SMP-T2D) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure among users of first level care in the social security institution of Mexico...
August 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809812/the-healthy-eating-agenda-in-australia-is-salt-a-priority-for-manufacturers
#9
Rebecca Lindberg, Tyler Nichols, Chrystal Yam
Many nation states have endorsed and acted on the World Health Organization's target of a 30% reduction in global salt consumption by 2025. In Australia, new government-led voluntary measures were initiated in 2009, consisting of public-private partnerships, front-of-pack labelling, and food reformulation targets (which include reduced salt). How Australia's private sector has responded to this healthy eating agenda has been investigated in a limited way, particularly with regards to manufacturers which produce processed foods considered significant sources of sodium...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804022/anti-obesity-and-anti-diabetic-effects-of-nitrate-and-nitrite
#10
REVIEW
Asghar Ghasemi, Sajad Jeddi
Prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and type 2 diabetes to date is the most devastating complication of obesity. Decreased nitric oxide bioavailability is a feature of obesity and diabetes that links these two pathologies. Nitric oxide is synthesized both by nitric oxide synthase enzymes from l-arginine and nitric oxide synthase-independent from nitrate/nitrite. Nitric oxide production from nitrate/nitrite could potentially be used for nutrition-based therapy in obesity and diabetes. Nitric oxide deficiency also contributes to pathogeneses of cardiovascular disease and hypertension, which are associated with obesity and diabetes...
August 10, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802571/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-improve-endothelial-function-in-humans-at-risk-for-atherosclerosis-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Kayla R Zehr, Mary K Walker
Epidemiology studies and clinical trials show that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) can prevent atherosclerotic morbidity and evidence suggests this may be mediated by improving endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by reduced vasodilation and a pro-inflammatory, pro-thrombotic state, and is an early pathological event in the development of atherosclerosis. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a gold standard for assessing endothelial dysfunction, is a predictor of future cardiovascular events and coronary heart disease risk...
August 9, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796818/hypercholesterolemia-induced-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#12
Peter Kraft, Michael K Schuhmann, Cornelia Garz, Solveig Jandke, Daniela Urlaub, Stine Mencl, Alma Zernecke, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Roxana O Carare, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Stefanie Schreiber
BACKGROUND: While hypercholesterolemia plays a causative role for the development of ischemic stroke in large vessels, its significance for cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) remains unclear. We thus aimed to understand the detailed relationship between hypercholesterolemia and CSVD using the well described Ldlr-/- mouse model. METHODS: We used Ldlr-/- mice (n = 16) and wild-type (WT) mice (n = 15) at the age of 6 and 12 months. Ldlr-/- mice develop high plasma cholesterol levels following a high fat diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796176/bridging-the-gap-between-gut-microbial-dysbiosis-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Kimberley Lau, Varun Srivatsav, Ayesha Rizwan, Andrew Nashed, Rui Liu, Rui Shen, Mahmood Akhtar
The human gut is heavily colonized by a community of microbiota, primarily bacteria, that exists in a symbiotic relationship with the host and plays a critical role in maintaining host homeostasis. The consumption of a high-fat (HF) diet has been shown to induce gut dysbiosis and reduce intestinal integrity. Recent studies have revealed that dysbiosis contributes to the progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) by promoting two major CVD risk factors-atherosclerosis and hypertension. Imbalances in host-microbial interaction impair homeostatic mechanisms that regulate health and can activate multiple pathways leading to CVD risk factor progression...
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795682/effects-of-antenatal-diet-and-physical-activity-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-and-health-economic-evaluation
#14
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795146/refining-the-policy-for-timing-of-kidney-transplant-waitlist-qualification
#15
Benjamin J Lee, Charles E McCulloch, Barbara A Grimes, Sindhu Chandran, Isabel Elaine Allen, Cynthia Delgado, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Earlier qualification for the kidney transplant waitlist expedites transplant and is therefore associated with improved outcomes. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network policies state that "measured or calculated creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 20 mL/min" triggers waitlist time accrual. The choice of qualification method is somewhat arbitrary, and the policy implies that decline in renal function is monotonic. METHODS: (1) We used survival analysis to quantify temporal differences in waitlist qualification by applying 3 kidney-function-estimating equations (Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) to serial creatinine measurements from 3 patient cohorts: 1 of waitlisted patients at a major U...
August 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793984/effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-urinary-metabolome-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#16
Ying Wang, Yang Li, Liang Zhou, Lin Guo
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of action underlying the putative effects of acupuncture in essential hypertension remains unknown but neuronal mechanisms have been explored most extensively to date. We aimed to explore the effects of manual acupuncture (MA) with manual stimulation on blood pressure (BP) and urine metabolites in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of hypertension. METHODS: After adaptive feeding (with a standard laboratory diet and distilled water) for 1 week, five normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats with normal BP formed the control group...
August 9, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792995/-attention-to-elderly-individuals-with-hypertension-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#17
Rosália Garcia Neves, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Andrea Wendt, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Elaine Tomasi
This study aimed to assess the attention paid by health professionals to elderly individuals with hypertension and related inequalities in Brazil, using level of schooling as the socioeconomic indicator. This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013. Attention was assessed according to the following indicators: recommendations for healthy eating, maintaining adequate weight, less salt, regular exercise, prevention of smoking and excessive drinking, and regular medical checkups with blood and urine tests, ECG, and stress test...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783384/clinical-physical-physiological-and-dietary-patterns-of-obese-and-sedentary-adults-with-primary-hypertension-characterized-by-sex-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-exerdiet-hta-study
#18
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Aitor Martínez-Aguirre, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Gualberto R Aispuru, Lide Arenaza, Estibaliz Romaratezabala, Iñaki Arratibel-Imaz, Iñigo Mujika, Silvia Francisco-Terreros, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The main purpose of this study was to determine some key physical, physiological, clinical, and nutritional markers of health status in obese and sedentary adults (54.0 ± 8.1 years, 141 men and 68 women) with primary hypertension (HTN) characterized by sex and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) level. The studied population showed a high cardiovascular risk (CVR) profile including metabolically abnormal obese, with poor CRF level (22.5 ± 5.6 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)), exercise-induced HTN (Systolic Blood Pressure>210 mmHg in men and >190 mmHg in women at the end of the exercise test) and with non-healthy adherence to dietary pattern (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, 46...
August 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782443/cerebral-a%C3%AE-40-and-systemic-hypertension
#19
Hannah M Tayler, Jennifer C Palmer, Taya L Thomas, Patrick G Kehoe, Julian Fr Paton, Seth Love
Mid-life hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion may be preclinical abnormalities in people who later develop Alzheimer's disease. Although accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and is associated with upregulation of the vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 within the brain, it is unclear how this affects systemic arterial pressure. We have investigated whether infusion of Aβ40 into ventricular cerebrospinal fluid modulates blood pressure in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768562/does-a-better-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-reduce-mortality-risk-and-environmental-impact-in-the-dutch-sub-cohort-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#20
Sander Biesbroek, W M Monique Verschuren, Jolanda M A Boer, Mirjam E van de Kamp, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Anouk Geelen, Moniek Looman, Elisabeth H M Temme
Guidelines for a healthy diet aim to decrease the risk of chronic diseases. It is unclear as to what extent a healthy diet is also an environmentally friendly diet. In the Dutch sub-cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, the diet was assessed with a 178-item FFQ of 40 011 participants aged 20-70 years between 1993 and 1997. The WHO's Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score and the Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 (DHD15-index) were investigated in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, land use and all-cause mortality risk...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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