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Hypertension diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051578/associations-of-blood-pressure-with-the-factors-among-adults-in-jilin-province-a-cross-sectional-study-using-quantile-regression-analysis
#1
Junsen Ye, Zhongmin Li, Yaogai Lv, Lan An, Jianxing Yu, Xin Guo, Yan Yao, Yaqin Yu, Lina Jin
Hypertension has become a major public health challenge. However, numerous research results reported in the literature focus primarily on risk factors of hypertension, little is known about how the whole continuum of blood pressure (BP) is associated with risk factors of hypertension. This study aims to reveal quantile-specific associations of BP with its risk factors. A cross-sectional survey based on a sample of 23,050 adults aged 18 to 79 years was conducted in Jilin Province in 2012, and some subjects were excluded due to missing values in BP or having BP control according to the purpose of this study...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050011/urine-ammonium-metabolic-acidosis-and-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Negiin Pourafshar, Shirin Pourafshar, Manoocher Soleimani
The metabolism of a typical Western diet generates 50-100 mEq of acid (H+) per day, which must be excreted in the urine for the systemic acid-base to remain in balance. The 2 major mechanisms that are responsible for the renal elimination of daily acid under normal conditions are ammonium (NH4+) excretion and titratable acidity. In the presence of systemic acidosis, ammonium excretion is intensified and becomes the crucial mechanism for the elimination of acid. The impairment in NH4+ excretion is therefore associated with reduced acid excretion, which causes excess accumulation of acid in the body and consequently results in metabolic acidosis...
October 19, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050005/effect-of-salt-intake-on-serum-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-in-normotensive-salt-sensitive-subjects
#3
Wen-Ling Zheng, Chao Chu, Yong-Bo Lv, Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Qiong Ma, Yu Yan, Yu-Meng Cao, Xi-Long Dang, Ke-Ke Wang, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Excess dietary salt is a critical risk factor of salt-sensitive hypertension. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) , a gut incretin hormone, conferring benefits for blood pressure by natriuresis and diuresis. We implemented a randomized trial to verify the effect of altered salt intake on serum GLP-1 level in human beings. METHODS: The 38 subjects were recruited from a rural community of Northern China. All subjects were sequentially maintained a baseline diet period for 3 days, a low-salt diet period for 7 days (3...
October 19, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#4
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049041/the-impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-on-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Kathryn L Hong, Benedict M Glover
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, attributable to several factors that may be amenable through lifestyle modification. There is emerging evidence to suggest that the successful management of several cardiovascular risk factors [obesity, hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)] can lead to fewer complications and atrial fibrillation prevention. However, the long-term sustainability and reproducibility of these effects have yet to be explored in larger studies...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048462/obesity-induced-vascular-dysfunction-and-arterial-stiffening-requires-endothelial-cell-arginase-1
#6
Anil Bhatta, Lin Yao, Zhimin Xu, Haroldo A Toque, Jijun Chen, Reem T Atawia, Abdelrahman Y Fouda, Zsolt Bagi, Rudolf Lucas, Ruth B Caldwell, Robert W Caldwell
Aims: Elevation of arginase activity has been linked to vascular dysfunction in diabetes and hypertension by a mechanism involving decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to L-arginine depletion. Excessive arginase activity also can drive L-arginine metabolism towards the production of ornithine, polyamines, and proline, promoting proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and collagen formation, leading to perivascular fibrosis. We hypothesized that there is a specific involvement of arginase 1 expression within the vascular endothelial cells in this pathology...
September 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046988/should-pre-hypertension-be-treated
#7
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kanegae, Takamitsu Oikawa, Kazuomi Kario
Hypertension is an important preventable risk factor for disease and death worldwide. In light of the world's population growth and aging, hypertension is a global public health issue. Many studies have shown associations between pre-hypertension and a higher risk of the future development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in general populations. However, pre-hypertension per se is not a disease with an immediate high risk, and the clinical value of the identification of pre-hypertension is the potential detection of the early stage of the risk of hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease over an individual's lifespan...
October 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046266/guidelines-and-mhealth-to-improve-quality-of-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-care-for-vulnerable-populations-in-lebanon-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Shannon Doocy, Kenneth E Paik, Emily Lyles, Hok Hei Tam, Zeina Fahed, Eric Winkler, Kaisa Kontunen, Abdalla Mkanna, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Given the protracted nature of the crisis in Syria, the large noncommunicable disease (NCD) caseload of Syrian refugees and host Lebanese, and the high costs of providing NCD care, the implications for Lebanon's health system are vast. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment guidelines and a mobile health (mHealth) app on quality of care and health outcomes in primary care settings in Lebanon. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was implemented from January 2015 to August 2016 to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment guidelines and an mHealth app on quality of care and health outcomes for Syrian and Lebanese patients in Lebanese primary health care (PHC) facilities...
October 18, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045941/relationship-between-visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-bpv-and-kidney-function-in-patients-with-hypertension
#9
Barrett W Jeffers, Duo Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the impact of kidney function (using estimated glomerular filtration rate, [eGFR]) on blood pressure variability (BPV) via a retrospective post hoc analysis of patients with hypertension enrolled in two large clinical trials. METHODS: Subject-level data were extracted from ASCOT (N=18,852) and ALLHAT (N=26,441) databases; both were randomized, active controlled studies, with treatment duration for hypertension ≥4 years. Visit-to-visit BPV was assessed using the square root of the coefficient of variation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) across visits from 12 weeks onwards...
October 18, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044172/circulating-mir-19b-and-mir-181b-are-potential-biomarkers-for-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#10
Camila Uribe Copier, Luis León, Mauricio Fernández, David Contador, Sebastián D Calligaris
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by metabolic changes in the myocardium that promote a slow and silent dysfunction of muscle fibers, leading to myocardium remodelling and heart failure, independently of the presence of coronary artery diseases or hypertension. At present, no imaging methods allow an early diagnosis of this disease. Circulating miRNAs in plasma have been proposed as biomarkers in the prognosis of several cardiac diseases. This study aimed to determine whether circulating miRNAs could be potential biomarkers of diabetic cardiomyopathy...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042759/early-and-intermediate-age-related-macular-degeneration-update-and-clinical-review
#11
REVIEW
Alfredo García-Layana, Francisco Cabrera-López, José García-Arumí, Lluís Arias-Barquet, José M Ruiz-Moreno
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible central vision loss in developed countries. With the aging of population, AMD will become globally an increasingly important and prevalent disease worldwide. It is a complex disease whose etiology is associated with both genetic and environmental risk factors. An extensive decline in the quality of life and progressive need of daily living assistance resulting from AMD among those most severely affected highlights the essential role of preventive strategies, particularly advising patients to quit smoking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039145/adiponectin-circulating-levels-and-10-year-2002-2012-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#12
Ioannis Kyrou, Olga Tsantarlioti, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Constantine Tsigos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Christos Pitsavos
PURPOSE: Adiponectin is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory and cardiovascular-protective properties. Existing epidemiological evidence is conflicting on the exact relationship between adiponectin and long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Our aim was to prospectively assess whether circulating adiponectin is associated with long-term incident CVD. METHODS: A population-based, prospective study in adults (>18 years) without previous CVD history (ATTICA study)...
October 16, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038285/metabolic-effects-of-diet-and-exercise-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-ckd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
T Alp Ikizler, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Charles Ellis, Samuel A E Headley, Katherine Tuttle, Richard J Wood, Elizabeth Elspeth Evans, Charles M Milch, Kelsey Anne Moody, Michael Germain, Chutatip Limkunakul, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Jonathan Himmelfarb
CKD is steadily increasing along with obesity worldwide. Furthermore, obesity is a proinflammatory risk factor for progression of CKD and cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that implementation of caloric restriction and aerobic exercise is feasible and can improve the proinflammatory metabolic milieu in patients with moderate to severe CKD through a pilot, randomized, 2×2 factorial design trial. Of 122 participants consented, 111 were randomized to receive caloric restriction and aerobic exercise, caloric restriction alone, aerobic exercise alone, or usual care...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037501/lifestyles-and-health-related-outcomes-of-u-s-hospital-nurses-a-systematic-review
#14
Susan M Priano, Oi Saeng Hong, Jyu-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Nurses' modifiable lifestyles have important health-related consequences. PURPOSE: To examine the literature on U.S. hospital nurses' activity, diet, and health outcomes of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHOD: A systematic review using of the literature from June 2006 to June 2016 resulted in 13 studies on U.S. hospital nurses' diet, physical activity and CVD and HRQOL outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036612/cd40l-controls-obesity-associated-vascular-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-mice-translational-aspects-for-man
#15
Sebastian Steven, Mobin Dib, Michael Hausding, Fatemeh Kashani, Matthias Oelze, Swenja Kröller-Schön, Alina Hanf, Steffen Daub, Siyer Roohani, Yves Gramlich, Esther Lutgens, Eberhard Schulz, Christian Becker, Karl J Lackner, Hartmut Kleinert, Christoph Knosalla, Beate Niesler, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Aims: CD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling controls vascular oxidative stress and related dysfunction in angiotensin-II-induced arterial hypertension by regulating vascular immune cell recruitment and platelet activation. Here we investigated the role of CD40L in experimental hyperlipidemia. Methods and Results: Male wild type and CD40L-/- mice (C57BL/6 background) were subjected to high fat diet for sixteen weeks. Weight, cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels, endothelial function (isometric tension recording), oxidative stress (NADPH oxidase expression, dihydroethidium fluorescence) and inflammatory parameters (inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-6 expression) were assessed...
September 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036458/metabolic-syndrome-induces-over-expression-of-the-human-at1r-a-haplotype-dependent-effect-with-implications-on-cardio-renal-function
#16
Sudhir Jain, Nitin Puri, Anita Rana, Natalie Sirianni, Brahmaraju Mopidevi, Ashok Kumar
Background: The transcriptional regulation of the human AT1R gene in pathophysiologies, like the metabolic syndrome, is poorly understood. The human AT1R gene has polymorphisms in its promoter that can be arranged in two haplotypes. Variants -810T, -713T, -214A, and -153A always occur together (Hap-I) and variants -810A, -713G, -214C, and -153G form Hap-II. We have hypothesized that high fat diet will alter cellular transcriptional milieu and increase hAT1R gene expression in a haplotype-dependent manner...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035971/dietary-patterns-and-cognition-in-older-persons
#17
Angela M Abbatecola, Marcello Russo, Michelangela Barbieri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recently published evidence of the important role that specific dietary patterns may hold on preventing cognitive impairment and dementia over aging. RECENT FINDINGS: Specific dietary patterns attributed to targeting cardiovascular risk factors may protect against the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease. Numerous epidemiological studies have strongly suggested that multinutrient approaches using the Mediterranean diet (Med diet), dietary approach to systolic hypertension (DASH) and the Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) are associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment, MCI and Alzheimer's disease in older persons...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035940/perspectives-on-hypertension-s-prevalence-treatment-and-control-in-a-high-cardiovascular-risk-east-european-country-data-from-the-sephar-iii-survey
#18
Maria Dorobantu, Oana-Florentina Tautu, Doina Dimulescu, Crina Sinescu, Paul Gusbeth-Tatomir, Catalina Arsenescu-Gerogescu, Florin Mitu, Daniel Lighezan, Calin Pop, Katalin Babes, Alina Giuca, Ileana Branza, Mihaela Udrescu, Valeria Herdea, Roxana Darabont
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the trend in arterial hypertension's prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in Romania, starting from the latest national survey Study for the Evaluation of Prevalence of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Romania III that has a crucial importance for the development of prevention strategies at national level. METHODS: A representative sample of 1970 Romanian adults (mean age 48.38 years, age range 18-80 years, 52.5% women, 72...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035758/adherence-to-a-dash-style-diet-in-relation-to-depression-and-aggression-in-adolescent-girls
#19
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Mehraneh Mehramiz, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Mohsen Mazidi, Amirhosein Ziaee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Gordon A Ferns, Fatemeh Moharreri, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls. The study was carried out among 580 girls aged between 12 and 18 years of age. DASH scores were determined according to the method of Fung et al. A Persian version of the Beck Depression Inventory and Buss-Perry questionnaire were used for the assessment of depression and aggression. We analysed our data using crude and adjusted models...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031357/regulation-of-potassium-homeostasis-in-ckd
#20
REVIEW
Thomas D DuBose
Disturbances of potassium homeostasis can cause either hyperkalemia or hypokalemia and result in serious consequences. Although the consequences of acute and chronic hyperkalemia and treatment of these conditions in CKD have been widely appreciated by nephrologists, more recent information has focused attention on the consequences of chronic hypokalemia. Several recent studies have documented a "U-shaped" relationship between the serum [K(+)] and higher mortality in several clinical studies. The causes of dyskalemias are placed into the unique perspective of patients with CKD and its evolution with progression of CKD to later stages and focuses on the pathophysiology of these disorders...
September 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
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