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Hypertension diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092149/issues-in-nutrition-nutritional-assessment-of-adults
#1
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The assessment of nutritional status in adults should begin with a complete history, including intake of fruits and vegetables, sources of fat, and added sugar (eg, sugar-sweetened beverages). The history should include social factors that may impede a patient's ability to obtain food, as well as any factors that might interfere with preparing, chewing, and digesting food and absorbing nutrients. The physical examination should include measurement of height and weight and calculation of body mass index. It also may include measurements of waist circumference and waist to hip ratio, and an evaluation of strength...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091867/arterial-aortic-stiffness-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-from-assessment-to-treatment
#2
REVIEW
James E Sharman, Pierre Boutouyrie, Stéphane Laurent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to examine whether measurement of aortic stiffness could be especially value-adding for risk stratification and treatment among patients with resistant hypertension (RH). RECENT FINDINGS: Adverse arterial remodeling and increased aortic stiffness is associated with RH, and it may be of additional clinical benefit to measure aortic stiffness in these patients. However, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether aortic stiffness is excessively high relative to the level of blood pressure (BP) among people with RH...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088517/osborne-mendel-rats-simultaneously-develop-cardiac-and-renal-dysfunction-left-atrial-thrombosis-peripheral-artery-occlusion-and-ascending-aortic-dissection
#3
Makoto Asahina, Hideki Matsumoto, Yoshitaka Yasuhara, Noriko Suzuki, Ritsuko Takami, Michiyasu Takeyama, Ryuichi Tozawa
Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with onsets of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the pathogenic mechanism between these diseases has not been fully understood. To develop and validate new therapeutic strategies for this complication, appropriate experimental models that reflect the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology are needed. The Osborne-Mendel (OM) rat was identified as an atherosclerosis-prone and a premature-death rat strain among 16 inbred rat strains when fed high-cholesterol containing diet...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088290/could-post-weaning-dietary-chia-seed-mitigate-the-development-of-dyslipidemia-liver-steatosis-and-altered-glucose-homeostasis-in-offspring-exposed-to-a-sucrose-rich-diet-from-utero-to-adulthood
#4
M A Fortino, M E Oliva, S Rodriguez, Y B Lombardo, A Chicco
The present work analyzes the effects of dietary chia seeds during postnatal life in offspring exposed to a sucrose-rich diet (SRD) from utero to adulthood. At weaning, chia seed (rich in α-linolenic acid) replaced corn oil (rich in linoleic acid) in the SRD. At 150 days of offspring life, anthropometrical parameters, blood pressure, plasma metabolites, hepatic lipid metabolism and glucose homeostasis were analyzed. Results showed that chia was able to prevent the development of hypertension, liver steatosis, hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia...
January 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088113/modulatory-effect-of-vanillic-acid-on-antioxidant-status-in-high-fat-diet-induced-changes-in-diabetic-hypertensive-rats
#5
Kolanji Vinothiya, Natarajan Ashokkumar
The worldwide incidence of diabetes has increased dramatically along with widespread lifestyle and dietary changes. Diets high in fat are strongly associated with the development of obesity and can induce insulin resistance in humans and animals. It is clear that obesity constitutes a risk factor for contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the therapeutic potential action of vanillic acid on diabetes associated complications using a rat model. Rats were made diabetic hypertensive by high fat diet (HFD) for 20 weeks and were treated with vanillic acid (50mg/kg bw) for last 8 weeks...
January 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078262/the-leaf-of-diospyros-kaki-thumb-ameliorates-renal-oxidative-damage-in-mice-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Myung-Sook Choi, Mi Ji Jeong, Yong Bok Park, Sang Ryong Kim, Un Ju Jung
Diabetic kidney disease is the most common and severe chronic complication of diabetes. The leaf of Diospyros kaki Thumb (persimmon) has been commonly used for herbal tea and medicinal purposes to treat a variety of conditions, including hypertension and atherosclerosis. However, the effect of persimmon leaf on kidney failure has not been investigated. This study aimed to examine the role of persimmon leaf in protecting the diabetes-associated kidney damage in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. Mice were fed either a normal chow diet with or without powered persimmon leaf (5%, w/w) for 5 weeks...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077422/antxr2-knock-out-does-not-result-in-the-development-of-hypertension-in-rats
#7
Xiaoyan Liu, Wen Yuan, Jing Li, Lei Yang, Jun Cai
BACKGROUND: Our recent genetic study as well as robust evidences reported by previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have indicated that the single nucleotide polymorphism rs16998073, located near gene anthrax toxin receptor 2 (ANTXR2), was significantly associated with hypertension in Asians and Europeans. The aim of the present study was to determine whether ANTXR2 is the causal gene of hypertension at the 4q21 locus using an ANTXR2 knock-out model. METHODS: Relative expression of ANTXR2 in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
February 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071023/effect-of-food-processing-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-dietary-fibre
#8
Vasfiye Hazal Ozyurt, Semih Ötles
Products derived from the manufacturing or processing of plant based foods: cereals, fruits, vegetables, as well as algae, are sources of abundant dietary fibre. Diets high in dietary fibre have been associated with the reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. These fibre-rich products and byproducts can also fortify foods, increase their dietary fibre content and result in healthy products, low in calories, cholesterol and fat. Traditionally, consumers have chosen foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables as sources of dietary fibre...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069662/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-inhibition-limits-the-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-rat
#9
Victoria Yum, Rachel E Carlisle, Chao Lu, Elise Brimble, Jasmine Chahal, Chandak Upagupta, Kjetil Ask, Jeffrey G Dickhout
Proteinuria is one of the primary risk factors for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been implicated in the induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We hypothesized that the suppression of ER stress with a low molecular weight chemical chaperone, 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA), would reduce the severity of CKD and proteinuria in the Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) hypertensive rat. To induce hypertension and CKD, 12-wk-old male rats were placed on a high-salt (HS) diet for 4 wk with or without 4-PBA treatment...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068636/citrus-leaf-extract-reduces-blood-pressure-and-vascular-damage-in-repeatedly-heated-palm-oil-diet-induced-hypertensive-rats
#10
Hawa Nordin Siti, Yusof Kamisah, Mohd Ishak Nur Iliyani, Suhaila Mohamed, Kamsiah Jaarin
Prolonged consumption of repeatedly heated vegetable oil increases blood pressure. This study aimed to determine the effects of Citrus leaf extract, (CLE) on blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating enzymes and mediators, as well as aortic histomorphometry in heated palm oil induced-hypertension. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n=56) were divided into seven groups; control group was given normal diet and the other groups were fed with palm oil-enriched diet (15% w/w) either fresh (FPO), five-time-heated (5HPO) or ten-time-heated (10HPO) with or without CLE (0...
January 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066146/high-fat-diet-confers-vascular-hyper-contractility-against-angiotensin-ii-through-upregulation-of-mlck-and-cpi-17
#11
Jee In Kim
Obesity is a critical risk factor for the hypertension. Although angiotensin II (Ang II) in obese individuals is known to be upregulated in obesity-induced hypertension, direct evidence that explains the underlying mechanism for increased vascular tone and consequent increase in blood pressure (BP) is largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the novel mechanism underlying Ang II-induced hyper-contractility and hypertension in obese rats. Eight-week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with 60% fat diet or normal diet for 4 months...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065482/efficacy-of-nutritional-recommendations-given-by-registered-dietitians-compared-to-other-healthcare-providers-in-reducing-arterial-blood-pressure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Glaube Raquel Riegel, Paula A B Ribeiro, Marcela Perdomo Rodrigues, Priccila Zuchinali, Leila Beltrami Moreira
INTRODUCTION: The multidisciplinary health practitioners can facilitate adherence to treatment of hypertension. Nutritional recommendations delivered by an expert in nutrition might increase the blood pressure control through a better comprehension about how nutrition plays a role on hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of nutritional intervention performed by a multidisciplinary team with and without registered dietitians compared to usual care in blood pressure control of hypertensive patients...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063367/effects-of-high-fructose-intake-on-the-development-of-hypertension-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-the-role-of-at1r-gp91-phox-signaling-in-the-rostral-ventrolateral-medulla
#13
Kay L H Wu, Chih-Wei Wu, You-Lin Tain, Yung-Mei Chao, Chun-Ying Hung, Pei-Chia Tsai, Wei-Sing Wang, Cheng-Dean Shih
Both genetic and dietary factors determine the development of hypertension. Whether dietary factor impacts the development of hereditary hypertension is unknown. Here, we evaluated the effect of daily high-fructose diet (HFD) on the development of hypertension in adolescent spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Six-week-old SHR were randomly divided into two groups to receive HFD or normal diet (ND) for 3 weeks. The temporal profile of systolic blood pressure, alongside the sympathetic vasomotor activity, in the SHR-HFD showed significantly greater increases at 9-12 weeks of age compared with the age-matched SHR-ND group...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062721/vascular-risk-factors-in-inph-a-prospective-case-control-study-the-inph-crash-study
#14
Hanna Israelsson, Bo Carlberg, Carsten Wikkelsö, Katarina Laurell, Babar Kahlon, Göran Leijon, Anders Eklund, Jan Malm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the complete vascular risk factor (VRF) profile of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using a large sample of representative patients with INPH and population-based controls to determine the extent to which vascular disease influences INPH pathophysiology. METHODS: All patients with INPH who underwent shunting in Sweden in 2008-2010 were compared to age- and sex-matched population-based controls. Inclusion criteria were age 60-85 years and no dementia...
January 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062568/renal-collectrin-protects-against-salt-sensitive-hypertension-and-is-downregulated-by-angiotensin-ii
#15
Pei-Lun Chu, Joseph C Gigliotti, Sylvia Cechova, Gabor Bodonyi-Kovacs, Fang Chan, Donna Lee Ralph, Nancy Howell, Kambiz Kalantari, Alexander L Klibanov, Robert M Carey, Alicia A McDonough, Thu H Le
Collectrin, encoded by the Tmem27 gene, is a transmembrane glycoprotein with approximately 50% homology with angiotensin converting enzyme 2, but without a catalytic domain. Collectrin is most abundantly expressed in the kidney proximal tubule and collecting duct epithelia, where it has an important role in amino acid transport. Collectrin is also expressed in endothelial cells throughout the vasculature, where it regulates L-arginine uptake. We previously reported that global deletion of collectrin leads to endothelial dysfunction, augmented salt sensitivity, and hypertension...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055260/blood-pressure-control-status-and-relationship-between-salt-intake-and-lifestyle-including-diet-in-hypertensive-outpatients-treated-at-a-general-hospital
#16
Yuko Ohta, Yorio Kimura, Chie Kitaoka, Tomoko Sakata, Isao Abe, Yuhei Kawano
The purpose of the present study was to investigate blood pressure (BP) control and salt intake in hypertensive outpatients treated at a general hospital and to examine the relationship between their lifestyles and amount of salt intake. Subjects comprised 429 hypertensive patients (206 males, 223 females, and average age of 71 ± 11 years). We estimated 24-hour salt excretion using spot urine samples and assessed lifestyle using a self-description questionnaire. Average clinic BP and the number of antihypertensive drugs were 132 ± 11/73 ± 8 mmHg and 1...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051892/what-is-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-management-of-obesity
#17
E Panteliou, A D Miras
Diet, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy are some of the means of assisting patients to lose weight, with bariatric surgery being the most effective. Over the last two decades, the increased awareness of the systemic benefits of bariatric surgery, as well as the improved safety and the wider use of the laparoscopic approach, has made bariatric surgery flourish. In the United Kingdom, the adjustable gastric band (10%), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (37%) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (45%) are the three most common procedures...
January 4, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049232/baseline-general-characteristics-of-the-korean-chronic-kidney-disease-report-from-the-korean-cohort-study-for-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-know-ckd
#18
Eunjeong Kang, Miyeun Han, Hyunsuk Kim, Sue Kyung Park, Joongyub Lee, Young Youl Hyun, Yong Soo Kim, Wookyung Chung, Hyo Jin Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Curie Ahn, Kook Hwan Oh
The KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD) was developed to investigate various clinical courses and risk factors for progression of Korean chronic kidney disease (CKD). The KNOW-CKD study consists of nine clinical centers in Korea, and patients aged between 20 and 75 years with CKD from stage 1 to 5 (predialysis) were recruited. At baseline, blood and urine samples were obtained and demographic data including comorbidities, drugs, quality of life, and health behaviors were collected...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045444/grape-polyphenols-effects-in-human-cardiovascular-diseases-and-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Zuriñe Rasines-Perea, Pierre-Louis Teissedre
The consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as foods enriched in bioactive compounds and nutraceuticals, has increased due to consumers' interest in the relevance of food composition for human health. Considerable recent interest has focused on bioactive phenolic compounds in grape, as they possess many biological activities, such as antioxidant, cardioprotective, anticancer, anti-inflammation, anti-ageing and antimicrobial properties. Observational studies indicate that the intake of polyphenol-rich foods improves vascular health, thereby significantly reducing the risk of hypertension, and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
January 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043708/emerging-roles-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-cardiology
#20
REVIEW
Atsushi Tanaka, Koichi Node
The ultimate goal of treatment in people with diabetes mellitus is to prevent development of cardiovascular (CV) disease, resulting in prolongation of healthy life expectancy. Although impaired glycemic metabolism has a central role in its pathology, a number of studies have demonstrated that remedy for its imbalance cannot necessarily be accomplished as a therapeutic goal. A comprehensive medical approach against multi-factorial pathologies in diabetes, such as insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, in addition to diet and exercise therapy should be rather performed in the routine clinical setting...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
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