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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#1
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674134/higher-dietary-acid-load-is-associated-with-higher-likelihood-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-american-adults
#2
Mohsen Mazidi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between dietary acid load, potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a national representative sample of American adults. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (for 1999-2002) was used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to examine adjusted mean of different dietary acid load by PAD status; multivariable logistic regression was used to relate dietary acid load with prevalent PAD...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673925/diet-and-lifestyle-habits-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-indices-in-a-nigerian-sub-population
#3
Victor M Oguoma, Ezekiel U Nwose, Timothy C Skinner, Ross S Richards, Phillip T Bwititi
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in Nigeria hence the aim of this study was to assess the pattern of lifestyle-related habits that predispose to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) indices in a Nigerian population. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy males and females ≥18 years old. The World Health Organisation (WHO) STEPwise questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use or smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673847/challenges-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-among-native-women-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Walaa Abuelmagd, Bachar Afandi, Helle Håkonsen, Seham Khmidi, Else-Lydia Toverud
AIM: To investigate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) management in native female patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: Ninety women from the outpatient diabetes clinic at Tawam Hospital, UAE, were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure, lipid panel, weight and body mass index (BMI) were extracted from medical records. RESULTS: Mean age was 57.5 (SD:12.7) years. Forty-five participants (50...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673349/severe-dyslipidemia-and-concomitant-risk-factors-in-the-middle-aged-lithuanian-adults-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#5
Sandra Kutkienė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius, Marija Petrylaitė, Diana Maskeliūnaitė, Roma Puronaitė, Milda Kovaitė, Irma Kalibaitaitė, Egidija Rinkūnienė, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė, Vytautas Kasiulevičius
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent and is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Lithuania. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe dyslipidemia in Lithuanian middle aged primary prevention population and to investigate cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: The group of 83,376 people were examined in the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk primary prevention program (LitHiR), during 2009-2015 years. This study recruited middle aged men and women without overt cardiovascular disease...
April 19, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670524/semen-cassiae-extract-improves-glucose-metabolism-by-promoting-glut4-translocation-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-diabetic-rats
#6
Meiling Zhang, Xin Li, Hangfei Liang, Huqiang Cai, Xueling Hu, Yu Bian, Lei Dong, Lili Ding, Libo Wang, Bo Yu, Yan Zhang, Yao Zhang
Diabetes mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterised by hyperglycaemia; its complications lead to disability and even death. Semen Cassiae is a traditional Chinese medicine, which has anti-hypertensive, anti-hyperlipidaemia, anti-oxidation, and anti-ageing properties. Our study was designed to evaluate the action of total anthraquinones of Semen Cassiae extract (SCE) on the improvement of glucose metabolism in diabetic rats and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. First, we evaluated the effect of SCE on normal rats...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670339/twenty-four-hour-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-and-renal-function-decline-in-elderly-male-hypertensive-patients-with-well-controlled-blood-pressure
#7
Xi Wang, Fan Wang, Minzhi Chen, Xiaona Wang, Jin Zheng, Aimei Qin
Purpose: Increased variability in blood pressure (BP) is known to be closely associated with the development, progression and severity of renal damage in patients with chronic kidney disease. However, little is known about the association of BP variability (BPV) with the decline of renal function in elderly hypertensive patients with well-controlled BP. We, therefore, aimed to investigate the association between BPV and glomerular filtration rate in hypertensive elderly (age >60 years) and very elderly (age >80 years) male patients with BP controlled within the normal range by antihypertensive therapy...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668313/dietary-glycemic-load-glycemic-index-and-carbohydrate-intake-on-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-among-men-and-women-in-shanghai
#8
Jiang-Wei Sun, Wei Zheng, Hong-Lan Li, Jing Gao, Gong Yang, Yu-Tang Gao, Nat Rothman, Qing Lan, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yong-Bing Xiang
To investigate the potential influence of dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, or carbohydrate intake and lung cancer risk in Shanghai. We prospectively investigated the associations among 130,858 participants in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies. Diet was assessed using validated food-frequency questionnaires. Lung cancer cases were ascertained through annual record linkage and every 2-3 years in-home visits. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 18, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667441/long-term-consumption-of-western-diet-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-and-aortic-remodeling-in-rats-implication-of-rho-kinase-signaling
#9
Rania A Elrashidy, Jing Zhang, Guiming Liu
Western diet (WD), rich in saturated fat and sugars, has become a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome, however, its effect on endothelial function and vascular remodeling is not fully elucidated. Recent evidence suggests cross-talk between Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway and cardiovascular system. We aimed to investigate the effect of WD on aortic remodeling and the contribution of ROCK signaling. Eight week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either standard chow diet (SD) or high fructose/ high-fat diet, typically as in WD...
April 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667383/knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-factors-in-population-of-ma%C3%A5-opolska-voivodeship-in-two-independent-cross-sectional-studies
#10
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659965/a-healthy-asian-a-posteriori-dietary-pattern-correlates-with-a-priori-dietary-patterns-and-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#11
Clare Whitton, Salome A Rebello, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Rob M van Dam
Background: Healthful dietary patterns are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Western populations. However, a consistent healthful dietary pattern across major Asian ethnic groups has yet to be identified. Objective: We aimed to identify a posteriori dietary patterns for Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnic groups in an urban Asian setting, compare these with a priori dietary patterns, and ascertain associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors including hypertension, obesity, and abnormal blood lipid concentrations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658202/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#12
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657148/the-prevalence-of-renal-impairment-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-results-from-the-international-asas-comospa-study
#13
Marion Couderc, Bruno Pereira, Anna Molto, Aurélien Tiple, Martin Soubrier, Maxime Dougados
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and association of renal dysfunction in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: The ASAS-COMOSPA (Assessment of Spondyloarthritis international Society-COMOrbidities in SPondyloArthritis) was an international study (22 participating countries from 4 continents) investigating comorbidities in SpA. Renal function was assessed based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#14
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650676/sodium-bicarbonate-loading-limits-tubular-cast-formation-independent-of-glomerular-injury-and-proteinuria-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-rats
#15
S C Ray, B Patel, D L Irsik, J Sun, H Ocasio, G R Crislip, C H Jin, J K Chen, B Baban, A J Polichnowski, P M O'Connor
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3 ) slows the decline in kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), yet the mechanisms mediating this effect remain unclear. The Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rat develops hypertension and progressive renal injury when fed a high salt diet; however, the effect of alkali loading on kidney injury has never been investigated in this model. We hypothesized that 'NaHCO3 protects from the development of renal injury in Dahl salt-sensitive rats via luminal alkalization which limits the formation of tubular casts, which are a prominent pathological feature in this model...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642414/proteomic-profiles-of-adipose-and-liver-tissues-from-an-animal-model-of-metabolic-syndrome-fed-purple-vegetables
#17
Hala M Ayoub, Mary Ruth McDonald, James Alan Sullivan, Rong Tsao, Kelly A Meckling
Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder that predisposes an individual to Cardiovascular Diseases and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Proteomics and bioinformatics have proven to be an effective tool to study complex diseases and mechanisms of action of nutrients. We previously showed that substitution of the majority of carbohydrate in a high fat diet by purple potatoes (PP) or purple carrots (PC) improved insulin sensitivity and hypertension in an animal model of MetS (obese Zucker rats) compared to a control sucrose-rich diet...
April 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629485/has-the-time-come-to-be-more-aggressive-with-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure
#18
REVIEW
Amanda R Vest
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a strong risk factor for the development of heart failure (HF). Diet, exercise, and weight-loss pharmacotherapies have limited potential to achieve significant and sustainable weight loss, especially in patients with symptomatic systolic HF. This review seeks to determine the role of bariatric surgery for patients with systolic HF and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgeries such as the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) represent the most successful long-term strategy for achieving weight loss and diabetes and hypertension remission in the general obese population...
April 8, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628493/effect-of-a-high-sucrose-diet-on-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-development-in-a-hypoperfusion-induced-animal-model
#19
Chie Miyamoto, Hirona Kugo, Keisuke Hashimoto, Ayaka Sawaragi, Nobuhiro Zaima, Tatsuya Moriyama
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease that results in rupture of the abdominal aorta. The risk factors for the development of AAA include smoking, male sex, hypertension, and age. AAA has a high mortality rate, but therapy for AAA is restricted to surgery in cases of large aneurysms. Clarifying the effect of dietary food on the development of AAA would be helpful for patients with AAAs. However, the relationship between dietary habits and the development of AAA is largely unknown. In our previous study, we demonstrated that adipocytes in vascular wall can induce the rupture of AAA...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628462/-long-term-dietary-nitrite-and-nitrate-deficiency-causes-metabolic-syndrome-endothelial-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-death-in-mice
#20
Mika Kina-Tanada, Mayuko Sakanashi, Akira Arasaki, Masato Tsutsui
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized not only from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOSs), but also from its inert metabolites, nitrite and nitrate. Green leafy vegetables are abundant in nitrate, however whether or not a deficiency in dietary nitrite/nitrate spontaneously causes disease remains to be clarified. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that long-term dietary nitrite/nitrate deficiency induces metabolic syndrome (MetS) in mice. To this end, we prepared a low nitrite/nitrate diet (LND) consisting of an amino acid-based low nitrite/nitrate chow in which the contents of L-arginine, fat, carbohydrates, protein, and energy were identical with a regular chow, and potable ultrapure water...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
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