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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#1
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247426/asthma-a-disease-of-how-we-breathe-role-of-breathing-exercises-and-pranayam
#2
Jhuma Sankar, Rashmi Ranjan Das
To describe the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We conducted an updated literature search and retrieved relevant literature on the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We found that the breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama are generally multi-component packaged interventions, and are described as follows: Papworth technique, Buteyko technique, Yoga and/or Pranayam. These techniques primarily modify the pattern of breathing to reduce hyperventilation resulting in normalisation of CO2 level, reduction of bronchospasm and resulting breathlessness...
December 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228793/effects-of-shambhavi-mahamudra-kriya-a-multicomponent-breath-based-yogic-practice-pranayama-on-perceived-stress-and-general-well-being
#3
Christine Tara Peterson, Sarah M Bauer, Deepak Chopra, Paul J Mills, Raj K Maturi
Stress-induced disorders such as anxiety represent the leading causes of adult disability worldwide. Previous studies indicate that yoga and other contemplative practices such as pranayama, or controlled yogic breathing techniques, may be effective in the treatment of mood disorders and stress. In this study, 142 individuals (mean age = 43 years; SD = 13.90) participated in a 3-day retreat program during which they learned Shambhavi Mahamudra kriya, which is a yogic practice that includes both deep breathing and meditation techniques...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175964/yoga-intervention-may-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-hrql-fatigue-depression-anxiety-and-sleep-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Marcy McCall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166771/the-effects-of-yoga-on-stress-and-psychological-health-among-employees-an-8-and-16-week-intervention-study
#6
Rachel E Maddux, Daiva Daukantaité, Una Tellhed
BACKGROUND: The stresses of modern work life necessitate effective coping strategies that are accessible and affordable to the general public. Yoga has been found to reduce stress in clinical samples, but studies are needed to examine standard gym yoga classes among functional individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of 8- and 16-week gym yoga on stress and psychological health. DESIGN AND METHOD: Ninety individuals reporting moderate-to-high stress were randomly assigned to 16 consecutive weeks of yoga, or to a waitlist crossover group who did not practice yoga for 8 weeks then practiced yoga for 8 weeks...
November 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163870/transdiagnostic-culturally-adapted-cbt-with-farsi-speaking-refugees-a-pilot-study
#7
Schahryar Kananian, Sarah Ayoughi, Arieja Farugie, Devon Hinton, Ulrich Stangier
Background: Approximately half of all asylum seekers suffer from trauma-related disorders requiring treatment, among them Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. There is a lack of easily accessible, low-threshold treatments taking the cultural background into account. Culturally Adapted CBT (CA CBT) is a well evaluated, transdiagnostic group intervention for refugees, using psychoeducation, meditation, and Yoga-like exercises. Objective: An uncontrolled pilot study with male Farsi-speaking refugees from Afghanistan and Iran was conducted to investigate feasibility with this ethnic group; a group for which no previous CBT trials have been reported...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159176/effect-of-alternate-nostril-breathing-exercise-on-experimentally-induced-anxiety-in-healthy-volunteers-using-the-simulated-public-speaking-model-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Ashwin Kamath, Rathnakar P Urval, Ashok K Shenoy
A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-naïve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet room before participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual Analog Mood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154056/a-single-session-of-hatha-yoga-improves-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-after-an-acute-psychological-stress-task-a-counterbalanced-randomized-crossover-trial-in-healthy-individuals
#9
Mateus J Benvenutti, Eduardo da Sliva Alves, Scott Michael, Ding Ding, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Yoga is promoted as an anti-stress activity, however, little is known about the mechanisms through which it acts. The present study investigated the acute effects of a hatha yoga session, displayed on a video, on the response to and recovery from an acute psychological stressor. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young adults took part in a counterbalanced, randomized-crossover trial, with a yoga and a control condition (watching TV). Participants attended the laboratory in the afternoon on two days and each session comprised a baseline, control or yoga task, stress task and recovery...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#10
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131739/yoga-as-sanctuary-a-valuable-mind-body-intervention-for-the-lesbian-community
#11
Karen Myers
Poetic autoethnography provides a research methodology to explore yoga as a mind-body intervention that creates sanctuary. Using this qualitative method and retrieving data from my personal journals, daily workout journals, experiences as a lesbian-identified participant in yoga classes, and yoga instructor, I turn the research lens on myself in order to examine my sociological life story. At a critical time in my life when I was struggling with the fragmentation, anxiety, and despair resulting from dealing with homophobia in a heteronormative world, yoga provided sanctuary for me...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131730/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#12
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123357/complementary-therapies-for-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients
#13
Aanchal Satija, Sushma Bhatnagar
Cancer patients are often poly-symptomatic which distressingly affects their quality of lives (QOLs). Alhough, conventional management provides adequate symptom control, yet is coupled with some limitations. Complementary therapies (CTs) have shown beneficial effects in cancer patients for symptomatic relief. The aim of this article is to provide evidence-based review of commonly used CTs for symptom management in cancer care. Hypnosis has promising evidence to be used for managing symptoms such as pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting, distress, fatigue, and hot flashes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112941/yoga-can-improve-assisted-reproduction-technology-outcomes-in-couples-with-infertility
#14
Sara Darbandi, Mahsa Darbandi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • Depending on the cause of the infertility, nonsurgical or surgical treatments may be used to treat men and women with infertility. Despite improved outcomes due to medical advances, assisted reproductive technology (ART) for couples with infertility is sometimes unsuccessful. Success may be affected by the patient's social, psychological, and physical status. Objective • The study examined the effects of yoga-including asanas (yoga poses), pranayama (proper breathing), shavasana, and meditation-on male and female fertility and ART outcomes...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108885/management-of-dyspnea-and-anxiety-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-critical-review
#15
REVIEW
Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Maira Junkes-Cunha, Jacky Smith, Jorgen Vestbo
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and dyspnea, 2 major symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thus, critically evaluating and synthesizing the existing literature employing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and other behavioral therapies in the treatment of anxiety and dyspnea in patients with COPD may help clinicians determine the most efficacious potential treatments. We aim to examine the efficacy of PR and behavioral therapy [eg, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and counseling] and other adjunct modalities used in patients with COPD...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096672/the-effects-of-yoga-versus-stretching-and-resistance-training-exercises-on-psychological-distress-for-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-study-prxotocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Jackie Cheuk Yin Kwan, Man Auyeung, Vincent Chung Tong Mok, Helen Yue Lai Chan
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and aggravates their motor symptoms, thereby leading to increased disability, high healthcare costs, and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The under-recognition and adverse effects of the pharmacological management of anxiety and depression among the PD population are considerable. Thus, adopting a Complementary and Alternative Management (CAM) approach to address this problem is important...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096284/psychosocial-predictors-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-the-role-of-mindfulness
#17
Jeni Matthews, Jennifer Huberty, Jenn Leiferman, Matthew Buman
OBJECTIVE: To identify the psychosocial factors (i.e., stress, anxiety, depression, social support) that are associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and the relationship of mindfulness with GWG during each trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, an online survey that assessed physical and mental health and wellness practices was administered to pregnant women. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women ≥8 weeks gestation, ≥18 years old, and could read and write in English...
October 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082436/adolescent-young-adults-aya-with-cancer-seeking-integrative-oncology-consultations-demographics-characteristics-and-self-reported-outcomes
#18
Gabriel Lopez, Wenli Liu, Kevin Madden, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: Integrative Oncology (IO) consultations offer cancer patients counseling regarding complementary integrative medicine (CIM). We explored the CIM interests and symptom burden of AYA cancer patients presenting for an IO consultation. METHODS: Patients referred for an IO physician consultation at an academic medical center from September 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 completed an assessment on presentation: MYCaW, ESAS (10 symptoms, 0-10, 10 worst possible), CIM use survey, and SF-12 QOL survey...
October 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070962/mindfulness-in-motion-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-study
#19
Rachel M Gilbertson, Maryanna D Klatt
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness in Motion is an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention that uses yoga movement, mindfulness meditation, and relaxing music. This study examined the feasibility of using Mindfulness in Motion in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and the effect of this program on stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life in people with MS. METHODS: Twenty-two people with MS completed the 8-week mindfulness program as well as assessments 1 week before and after the intervention...
September 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057487/a-systematic-review-of-nonpharmacological-prenatal-interventions-for-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-and-fear-of-childbirth
#20
Kathrin Stoll, Emma Marie Swift, Nichole Fairbrother, Elizabeth Nethery, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Despite a sharp increase in the number of publications that report on treatment options for pregnancy-specific anxiety and fear of childbirth (PSA/FoB), no systematic review of nonpharmacological prenatal interventions for PSA/FoB has been published. Our team addressed this gap, as an important first step in developing guidelines and recommendations for the treatment of women with PSA/FoB. METHODS: Two databases (PubMed and Mendeley) were searched, using a combination of 42 search terms...
October 23, 2017: Birth
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