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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920983/bacteremic-renal-stone-associated-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-nontypable-haemophilus-influenzae-a-rare-invasive-disease-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#1
Masanao Fujii, Harumi Gomi, Haruhiko Ishioka, Noriko Takamura
Haemophilus species are known to colonize the upper respiratory tract and can cause infections. However Haemophilus influenzae has been rarely described as a cause of genitourinary tract infection. We report a 44-year-old nonimmunocompromised Japanese man with bacteremic pyelonephritis caused by a nontypable H. influenzae associated with a left ureteral calculus. The organism was isolated from both blood and urine cultures. Treatment consisted of 14 days of intravenous ceftriaxone and oral amoxicillin one after than other and insertion of a left ureteral stent...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917674/-giant-sialolithiasis-diagnosis-and-management-case-reports
#2
Bálint Tordai, Nóra Stáczer, László Vajta, József Szalma
Sialolithiasis is one of the most frequent form of calcifications in the maxillofacial area. 0.45% of the population is affected by symptoms caused by salivary calculi, though the estimated frequency including asymptomatic form may exceed 1% in adult population. Radiographs presenting a large portion of the maxillofacial region (panoramic radiography, computed tomography) could detect salivary calculi with high accuracy. The size of the sialoliths is usually less than 10 mm in diameter. Salivary calculi larger than 15 mm (considering the largest diameter) are classified as giant sialoliths and most of them are located in the submandibular gland or in its duct...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914448/a-fractional-calculus-model-of-anomalous-dispersion-of-acoustic-waves
#3
Andrew W Wharmby
An empirical formula based on viscoelastic analysis techniques that employs concepts from the fractional calculus that was used to model the dielectric behavior of materials exposed to oscillating electromagnetic fields in the radiofrequency, terahertz, and infrared bands. This work adapts and applies the formula to model viscoelastic behavior of materials that show an apparent increase of phase velocity of vibration with an increase in frequency, otherwise known as anomalous dispersion. A fractional order wave equation is derived through the application of the classic elastic-viscoelastic correspondence principle whose analytical solution is used to describe absorption and dispersion of acoustic waves in the viscoelastic material displaying anomalous dispersion in a specific frequency range...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914439/design-of-broadband-time-domain-impedance-boundary-conditions-using-the-oscillatory-diffusive-representation-of-acoustical-models
#4
Florian Monteghetti, Denis Matignon, Estelle Piot, Lucas Pascal
A methodology to design broadband time-domain impedance boundary conditions (TDIBCs) from the analysis of acoustical models is presented. The derived TDIBCs are recast exclusively as first-order differential equations, well-suited for high-order numerical simulations. Broadband approximations are yielded from an elementary linear least squares optimization that is, for most models, independent of the absorbing material geometry. This methodology relies on a mathematical technique referred to as the oscillatory-diffusive (or poles and cuts) representation, and is applied to a wide range of acoustical models, drawn from duct acoustics and outdoor sound propagation, which covers perforates, semi-infinite ground layers, as well as cavities filled with a porous medium...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891774/does-chemical-preconditioning-contribute-to-the-effectiveness-of-scaling-and-root-planing-an-in-vitro-pilot-investigation
#5
M Becker, J Ciupka, T Pierchalla, K R Fischer, A Friedmann
OBJECTIVES: A solution based on hypochlorite and amino acids was introduced to improve cleaning efficacy on the root surfaces. The purpose of this in vitro pilot study was to evaluate the time reduction and number of strokes required to clean untreated root surfaces in vitro. METHODS: Sixty extracted human teeth displaying areas with subgingival calculus were assigned equally to one of three treatment groups (n = 20) according to the size of occupied areas, estimated by the number of pixels...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880884/anti-atherosclerosis-and-cardio-protective-effects-of-the-angong-niuhuang-pill-on-a-high-fat-and-vitamin-d3-induced-rodent-model-of-atherosclerosis
#6
Wen-Juan Fu, Ting Lei, Zhen Yin, Jian-Hao Pan, Yu-Shuang Chai, Xiao-Yun Xu, Yi-Xi Yan, Zhi-Hua Wang, Jian Ke, Gang Wu, Ren-He Xu, Manish Paranjpe, Lintao Qu, Hong Nie
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Angong Niuhuang Pill (ANP) is a well known Chinese traditional therapeutic for the treatment for diseases affecting the Central Nervous System (CNS). Components of the ANP formulation, including Bovis Calculus Sativus, Pulvis Bubali Comus Concentratus, Moschus, Margarita, Cinnabaris, Realgar, Coptidis Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Curcumae Radix, and Bomeolum Syntheticum, have been used for the treatment of stroke, encephalitis and emergency meningitis across Asia, especially in China for hundreds of years...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868099/endourologic-and-open-ureterolithotomy-and-common-sheath-reimplant-for-large-bladder-and-distal-ureteral-calculi
#7
Madeline Cancian, Joseph Brito, Joseph Renzulli, Gyan Pareek
A twenty-eight-year-old female with a history of suprapubic pain and recurrent urinary tract infections presents for urology referral with a kidney, ureter, and bladder radiograph showing a 4.4 cm bladder calculus and 6.5 cm distal left ureteral stone. She underwent effective cystolitholapaxy of the bladder stone. Endourologic attempt (left ureteroscopy) was unsuccessful because of ureteral stone burden. Findings at ureteroscopy revealed a duplicated system on the left with the lower pole moiety joining just proximal to the ureteral orifice...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868098/neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-ureter-a-zebra-among-horses
#8
Akshay Sood, Sean R Williamson, David A Leavitt
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the upper urinary tract are extremely rare. We report a case of de novo small cell carcinoma of the ureter that presented masquerading as a distal ureteral stone. A 55-year-old lady presented to our clinic with 1 month history of right lower back pain and hematuria. Her history was notable for stage 1B mixed clear cell-endometroid cancer of the uterus status post radical abdominal hysterectomy with adjuvant radiotherapy, 7 years before the current episode. The patient had no evidence of recurrence...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867678/reduced-dental-plaque-formation-in-dogs-drinking-a-solution-containing-natural-antimicrobial-herbal-enzymes-and-organic-matcha-green-tea
#9
Michael I Lindinger
The results of an exploratory, multicenter clinical study confirmed the hypothesis that a novel, natural, and safe oral care product (OCP) reduced the rate of plaque formation on teeth of dogs consuming the OCP (antimicrobial plant-derived enzymes, organic matcha green tea, cultured dextrose, sodium bicarbonate, and ascorbic acid) compared to controls. Healthy dogs without periodontitis, of varying breeds, sex, and age, were recruited and enrolled, using nonrandomized stratification methods, into a control and treatment groups...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865212/changes-in-the-oral-health-of-the-children-of-dili-timor-leste-between-2002-and-2014
#10
Lucio F Babo Soares, Penny L Allen, Jenna Kingi, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
INTRODUCTION: This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861944/chronic-parotitis-with-multiple-calcifications-clinical-and-sialendoscopic-findings
#11
Emmanuel Jáuregui, Ruwan Kiringoda, William R Ryan, David W Eisele, Jolie L Chang
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To characterize clinical, imaging, and sialendoscopy findings in patients with chronic parotitis and multiple parotid calcifications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Clinical history, radiographic images and reports, lab tests, and operative reports were reviewed for adult patients with chronic parotitis and multiple parotid calcifications who underwent parotid sialendoscopy. RESULTS: Thirteen of 133 (10%) patients undergoing parotid sialendoscopy for chronic sialadenitis had more than one calcification in the region of the parotid gland...
November 15, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860247/preservation-of-root-cementum-a-comparative-evaluation-of-power-driven-versus-hand-instruments
#12
E Bozbay, F Dominici, A Y Gokbuget, S Cintan, L Guida, M S Aydin, A Mariotti, A Pilloni
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three distinct periodontal treatment methods in comparison with hand instrumentation on residual cementum of periodontal diseased teeth. Cementum can influence the activities of periodontal cells and may play an important regulatory role in periodontal treatment. The ideal method for periodontal therapy involves removal of biofilm, calculus and endotoxin while preserving root cementum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight caries free, single-rooted teeth in patients diagnosed with severe chronic periodontitis were treated using four different methods prior to extraction...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859390/stone-tissue-differentiation-for-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-using-autofluorescence-clinical-proof-of-concept-study
#13
Birgit Lange, Dieter Jocham, Ralf Brinkmann, Jens Cordes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Holmium laser lithotripsy is the gold standard for intracorporeal fragmentation of urinary calculi. Usually, a visible beam is superimposed on the IR treatment laser as an aiming beam to guide the surgeon. In vitro tests showed that this aiming beam (532 nm, power <1 mW) excites strong fluorescence on human calculi. Tissue, in contrast, emitted much weaker fluorescence. If this is verified in vivo, the fluorescence signal induced by the aiming beam could be used to implement a feedback loop, preventing the Holmium laser being fired on tissue...
November 12, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847338/a-chinese-patent-medicine-shexiang-baoxin-pill-for-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#14
Zhou Zhou, Weixing Shen, Lili Yu, Cong Xu, Qibiao Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SXBXP) is a well-known Chinese patent medicine, widely used for Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). It is composed of seven materia medicas or extracts (Moschus, Radix Ginseng, Calculus Bovis, Cortex Cinnamomi, Styrax, Venenum Bufonis and Borneolum Syntheticum). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aimed to systematically review the relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy and safety of SXBXP for long-term management of NSTE-ACS...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843675/evidence-for-the-paleoethnobotany-of-the-neanderthal-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Gerhard P Shipley, Kelly Kindscher
Our perception of our closest human relatives, the Neanderthals, has evolved in the last few decades from brutish ape-men to intelligent archaic human peoples. Our understanding and appreciation of their cultural sophistication has only recently extended to their diet. Only within the last few years, with new techniques and a shift in focus, have we begun to truly investigate and understand the role of plants in their diet and culture. The more we learn about Neanderthals, the more we realize that biological and cultural distinctions between them and us were relatively small...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829761/evaluation-of-oral-and-periodontal-status-of-leprosy-patients-in-dindigul-district
#16
S A Jacob Raja, J Johnson Raja, R Vijayashree, B Meena Priya, G Sai Anusuya, P Ravishankar
AIM: After the introduction of the multidrug therapy, the incidence of leprosy is decreasing every year. However, periodontal complaints are commonly seen in these patients due to compromised immunity and impaired oral hygiene. The aim of the present study is to assess the oral and periodontal status of the leprosy patients in Dindigul district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 62 patients treated in a leprosy center at Dindigul district. Among these, 22 (35...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822582/are-there-any-predictors-of-pyonephrosis-in-patients-with-renal-calculus-disease
#17
Madhusudan Patodia, Apul Goel, Vishwajeet Singh, Bhupendra Pal Singh, Rahul Janak Sinha, Manoj Kumar, Divakar Dalela, Satya Narayan Sankhwar
The objective of the study is to identify factors predicting development of pyonephrosis in patients of renal calculus disease (RCD), as this knowledge is largely unknown. Patients of RCD without pyonephrosis (Group 1) or with pyonephrosis (Group 2) presenting between December 2013 and November 2015 were evaluated. All patients of RCD who had undergone either percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or surgical management (percutaneous nephrolithotomy/pyelolithotomy/nephrectomy) were included. Patients treated conservatively, by extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy and patients of bilateral RCD were excluded...
November 7, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812624/prevalence-severity-and-risk-indicators-of-gingival-inflammation-in-a-multi-center-study-on-south-american-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Paola Carvajal, Mariel Gómez, Sabrina Gomes, Ricardo Costa, Andres Toledo, Fernando Solanes, Hugo Romanelli, Rui Oppermann, Cassiano Rösing, Jorge Gamonal
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and severity of gingival inflammation and associated risk indicators in South American adults. Material and Methods: Multi-stage samples totaling 1,650 adults from Porto Alegre (Brazil), Tucumán (Argentina), and Santiago (Chile) were assessed. The sampling procedure consisted of a 4-stage process. Examinations were performed in mobile dental units by calibrated examiners. A multivariable logistic regression model was utilized for associating variables as indicators of gingival inflammation (GI) (Gingival Index ≥0...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805890/dental-treatment-needs-among-children-and-adolescents-residing-in-an-ugandan-orphanage
#19
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804261/a-dental-prosthesis-from-the-early-modern-age-in-tuscany-italy
#20
Simona Minozzi, Daniele Panetta, Massimo De Sanctis, Valentina Giuffra
BACKGROUND: During archaeological excavation, carried out in the S. Francesco Monastery at Lucca (Tuscany, Italy), a golden dental appliance was discovered. The prosthesis was found, together with commingled human remains, in the collective tomb of the aristocratic family of the Guinigi, a powerful family who governed Lucca from 1392 until 1429. The exact archaeological dating of the prosthesis was not possible, but some elements suggest a dating to the beginning of the 17th century. PURPOSE: Aim of the paper is to study and describe the dental appliance trough a multidisciplinary approach...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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