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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936289/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-periodontal-disease-in-adults-35-44-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, Pedro J Almiñana-Pastor, Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-María Montiel-Company
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease or periodontitis is an inflammatory disease with a hight prevalence. According to the last oral health survey of the Spanish population, between 24% and 37% of Spaniards aged over 35 years have periodontitis and 6% to 10% of the adult population have deep periodontal pockets. The aim of this study was to determine the association between risk factors and the presence of periodontal pockets in the adult population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional or prevalence study of a representative sample of the adult population of the Valencia region was designed...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935096/the-effect-of-acute-stress-on-the-calculus-of-reward-and-punishment
#2
Martin P Paulus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912989/vaginal-urinary-calculi-formation-secondary-to-vaginal-mesh-exposure-with-urinary-incontinence
#3
Kara M Griffiths, Geoffrey D Towers, Jerome L Yaklic
BACKGROUND: Vaginal stones may form in the setting of mesh exposure with urinary incontinence. This report serves to help understand the presentation, evaluation, and management of vaginal urinary stones. CASE: A 68-year-old female presented with a vaginal calculus. She had a history of anterior and posterior polypropylene mesh placement for prolapse 7 years earlier and urinary incontinence. The stone was identified on a portion of exposed mesh and removed in office...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894842/retroperitoneal-actinomycosis-a-rare-sequela-of-an-infected-obstructing-ureteral-stone
#4
Elizabeth Bearrick, Colby A Dixon, Joshua Rhein, Michael S Borofsky
Background: Actinomycosis is a condition in which Actinomyces, a normal component of the oral and gastrointenstial flora, becomes pathogenic in the setting of damaged tissue, leading to widespread tissue destruction across fascial planes. Prior literature describing this condition is rare, particularly cases involving the retroperitoneum. In this study, we report a case of retroperitoneal actinomycosis caused by an infected, obstructing ureteral stone. Case Presentation: A 48-year-old woman with a history of substance abuse, malnutrition, and gastric bypass presented to the emergency room with a 3-week history of abdominal pain and fevers...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894411/bilateral-hydroureteronephrosis-with-a-hypertrophied-trabeculated-urinary-bladder
#5
Showkathali Iqbal, Iqbal Raiz, Iqbal Faiz
Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis involves the dilatation of the renal pelvis, calyces and ureter; it develops secondary to urinary tract obstruction and leads to a build-up of back pressure in the urinary tract, and it may lead to impairment of renal function and ultimately culminate in renal failure. Although clinically silent in most cases, it can be diagnosed as an incidental finding during evaluation of an unrelated cause. In a minority of patients, it presents with signs and symptoms. Renal calculus is the most common cause, but there are multiple non-calculus aetiologies, and they depend on age and sex...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893034/the-effect-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-i-on-periodontal-and-dental-status
#6
Rokhsareh Sadeghi, Ferial Taleghani, Samira Mohammadi, Zahra Zohri
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus type I is a chronic metabolic disease with an autoimmune origin. The initial manifestations mainly appear during childhood and its prevalence is on the rise in many countries. Some of the complications of diabetes mellitus are problems related to oro-dental structures and periodontal diseases. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between diabetes mellitus type I and dental and periodontal status in Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892967/bilateral-single-system-orthotopic-ureterocele-with-bilateral-multiple-calculi-presented-with-retention-of-urine-an-urological-emergency
#7
Rupesh Gupta, Sweta Gupta, Dawood Khan, Supriya Basu
The ureterocele is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the lower ureter. Ureterocele with a single pelvicalyceal system, bilateral, and orthotopic variety is less common. Calculi within bilateral ureterocele are a rare occurrence. To the best of our knowledge, only a few similar cases have been reported in the literature. Among the all reported presentations of this type of ureterocele, presentation with Acute Urinary Retention (AUR) has not been described in the literature. We present a case of nine-year-old child having bilateral, single system orthotopic ureterocele with calculi in bilateral ureterocele and presented with AUR due to obstructive bulbar urethral calculus...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890664/logic-of-approximate-entailment-in-quasimetric-and-in-metric-spaces
#8
Thomas Vetterlein
It is known that a quasimetric space can be represented by means of a metric space; the points of the former space become closed subsets of the latter one, and the role of the quasimetric is assumed by the Hausdorff quasidistance. In this paper, we show that, in a slightly more special context, a sharpened version of this representation theorem holds. Namely, we assume a quasimetric to fulfil separability in the original sense due to Wilson. Then any quasimetric space can be represented by means of a metric space such that distinct points are assigned disjoint closed subsets...
2017: Soft Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883388/retrospective-clinical-study-of-the-effects-of-t-tube-placement-for-bile-duct-stricture
#9
İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Murat Kendirci
BACKGROUND T-tube placement in the common bile duct (CBD) is a surgical alternative to bile duct reconstruction in cholecystectomy for cholecysto-choledocholithiasis, or gallstones. The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to investigate the incidence of late complications of T-tube placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective review identified 35 patients who had T-tube placement during cholecystectomy. Clinical data were collected on surgical indications, patient demographics, and clinical symptoms...
September 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877755/uric-acid-an-important-screening-tool-to-detect-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-a-case-series
#10
Eresha Jasinge, Grace Angeline Malarnangai Kularatnam, Hewa Warawitage Dilanthi, Dinesha Maduri Vidanapathirana, Kandana Liyanage Subhashinie Priyadarshika Kapilani Menike Jayasena, Nambage Dona Priyani Dhammika Chandrasiri, Neluwa Liyanage Ruwan Indika, Pyara Dilani Ratnayake, Vindya Nandani Gunasekara, Lynette Dianne Fairbanks, Blanka Stiburkova
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is the metabolic end product of purine metabolism in humans. Altered serum and urine uric acid level (both above and below the reference ranges) is an indispensable marker in detecting rare inborn errors of metabolism. We describe different case scenarios of 4 Sri Lankan patients related to abnormal uric acid levels in blood and urine. CASE 1: A one-and-half-year-old boy was investigated for haematuria and a calculus in the bladder. Xanthine crystals were seen in microscopic examination of urine sediment...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877343/transition-to-agriculture-in-south-eastern-arabia-insights-from-oral-conditions
#11
Olivia Munoz
OBJECTIVES: In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500-3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100-2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700-2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and regional variability during the local transition to agriculture...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874183/urethral-calculi-with-a-urethral-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Mingqiang Zeng, Fanchang Zeng, Zhao Wang, Ruizhi Xue, Liang Huang, Xuyu Xiang, Zhi Chen, Zhengyan Tang
BACKGROUND: To explore and summarize the reasons why urethral calculi cause a urethral fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: We retrospectively studied 1 patient in Xiangya hospital and all relevant literature published in English between 1989 and 2015. The patients (including those reported in the literature) were characterized by age, origin, location of calculus, size of calculus, fistulous track, and etiological factors. Most of urethral calculi associated with a urethral fistula were native generated...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865154/multimodular-assessment-of-a-calcified-extraradicular-deposit-on-the-root-surfaces-of-a-mandibular-molar
#13
E Petitjean, A Mavridou, X Li, E Hauben, E Cotti, P Lambrechts
AIM: To achieve a better understanding of a calcified extraradicular deposit on the apical root surfaces of a mandibular first molar associated with a radicular cyst and a sinus tract. A multimodular approach was applied using a combination of multiple investigation methods. SUMMARY: This case report presents a mandibular first molar with a calcified extraradicular deposit on the apical root surfaces of both roots. An apical periodontitis lesion was present and a sinus tract served as the only communication with the oral cavity...
September 2, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859102/factors-associated-with-last-dental-visit-or-not-to-visit-the-dentist-by-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#14
Emílio P da Fonseca, Antonio C Frias, Fábio L Mialhe, Antonio C Pereira, Marcelo de C Meneghim
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the factors associated with no dental visit within the last two years by adolescents in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by using data from the Oral Health Conditions of São Paulo state population Project (SBSP-2015) conducted in 2015. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to higher years residing in São Paulo State. The examiners were calibrated and dental visits were measured categorically as 1- Less than 1 year, 2- One to two years, 3 - Three years or more, 4- I have never visited the dentist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856707/maxillary-implant-supported-overdentures-opposed-by-partial-natural-dentitions-a-5-year-prospective-case-series-study
#15
G C Boven, J W A Slot, G M Raghoebar, A Vissink, H J A Meijer
PURPOSE: To assess the 5-year treatment outcome of maxillary implant-retained overdentures opposed by natural antagonistic teeth. METHODS: 50 consecutive patients received maxillary overdentures supported by six dental implants. Implants were placed in the anterior region, if enough bone was present (n=25 patients) Implant were placed in the posterior region if implant placement in in the anterior region was not possible (n=25 patients). Variables assessed included survival of implants, condition of hard and soft peri-implant tissues, and patients' satisfaction...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836417/second-harmonic-patterned-polarization-analyzed-reflection-confocal-microscope
#16
Chukwuemeka Okoro, Kimani C Toussaint
We introduce the second-harmonic patterned polarization-analyzed reflection confocal (SPPARC) microscope-a multimodal imaging platform that integrates Mueller matrix polarimetry with reflection confocal and second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy. SPPARC microscopy provides label-free three-dimensional (3-D), SHG-patterned confocal images that lend themselves to spatially dependent, linear polarimetric analysis for extraction of rich polarization information based on the Mueller calculus. To demonstrate its capabilities, we use SPPARC microscopy to analyze both porcine tendon and ligament samples and find differences in both circular degree-of-polarization and depolarization parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835760/testicular-adrenal-rests-tumors-and-testicular-microlithiasis-in-a-brazilian-case-series-with-classic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#17
Laura Ohana Marques Coelho de Carvalho, Raymundo Miguel Garcia Lora, Claudia Renata Rezende Penna, Izabel Calland Ricarte Beserra
BACKGROUND: Testicular adrenal rest tumors are a benign condition characterized by the presence of remnants of adrenal tissue within the testes that can lead to infertility. Testicular microlithiasis are calculus deposits within the seminiferous tubules. Both are described in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. OBJECTIVES: Describe the frequency of testicular adrenal rest tumors and testicular microlithiasis in a Brazilian case series of patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia and to also relate these changes to disease control and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis disorders...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834249/are-educating-and-promoting-interventions-effective-in-oral-health-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
M Ghaffari, S Rakhshanderou, A Ramezankhani, Yab Buunk-Werkhoven, M Noroozi, B Armoon
OBJECTIVE: It is estimated that about 20%-25% of the world's population are suffering from periodontal diseases or severe gum diseases. This requires appropriate interventions. For the development of effective and evidence-based programmes tailored to the target group, the aim of this review was to survey to the effectiveness of oral health education and promotion interventions in the relevant groups of people. METHODS: The electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science and Cochrane Library were searched for English language studies between 2010 and (January-December) 2016...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831406/data-and-calculus-on-isobolographic-analysis-to-determine-the-antinociceptive-interaction-between-calcium-channel-blocker-and-a-trpv1-blocker-in-acute-pain-model-in-mice
#19
Juliana F Silva, Manuella R Palhares, Duana C Santos, Cláudio A Silva-Junior, Juliano Ferreira, Marcus V Gomez, Célio J Castro Junior
Determining antinociceptive interaction between Phα1β toxin (a voltage gated calcium channel blocker) and SB366791 (selective TRPV1 antagonist) may have both clinical and mechanistic implications for the pain management. This data in brief article is associated to the research paper "Synergistic antinociceptive effect of a calcium channel blocker and a TRPV1 blocker in an acute pain model in mice". This material supports the isobolographic analysis performed with the above drugs and shows: data of the dose response curves of the agents given as single drug or combination regimens...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825970/managing-mid-and-lower-ureteral-benign-strictures-the-laparoscopic-way
#20
Bastab Ghosh, Pritesh Jain, Dilip Kumar Pal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess etiopathogenesis of ureteral mid/lower benign strictures and outcomes of various methods of laparoscopic reconstruction and repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients who underwent laparoscopic repair for mid and lower ureteral benign strictures at our department from January 2013 to February 2016. The demographic, operative, complication, and outcome data were analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were treated by various methods of laparoscopic reconstruction in the department of urology for benign ureteral strictures...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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