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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140984/an-observational-study-on-sport-induced-modulation-of-negative-attitude-towards-disability
#1
Giovanni Ottoboni, Melissa Milani, Annalisa Setti, Andrea Ceciliani, Rabih Chattat, Alessia Tessari
The present study investigates whether sport activities involving children with a disability can reduce negative attitudes towards disability in children without disability. We compared the effect of being schoolmate or member of the same football team whereby a child with disability was member of the class/team or not. This lead to four groups that were assessed both at the beginning and at the end of the school year. Two measures were collected: an ad-hoc questionnaire and an Implicit Association Test. The two assessments were designed to measure explicit and implicit attitudes towards children with disabilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135269/return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-professional-soccer-players
#2
Renato Locks, Hajime Utsunomiya, Karen K Briggs, Shannen McNamara, Jorge Chahla, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic hip surgery has been shown to be effective in returning professional athletes back to play at a high level of performance in different sports. Limited information exists regarding professional soccer players and their return to play. PURPOSE: To determine the rate and time to return to sport for professional soccer players after hip arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and to identify possible risk factors associated with a delay in returning to play...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134051/does-context-practice-or-competition-affect-female-athletes-achievement-goal-dominance-goal-pursuit-burnout-and-motivation
#3
Javier Fernández-Rio, Jose A Cecchini, Antonio Méndez-Giménez
The goal of this study was to assess the effects of two different achievement sport contexts, practice and competition, on the motivational profile of professional/semi-professional athletes. Forty-eight Spanish national/international-level female athletes (basketball = 18; handball = 12; soccer = 11; volleyball = 7), mean age 25.14 ± 3.43 years, agreed to participate in the study. They completed a questionnaire, prior and after training and competition, to assess achievement goals, achievement goal dominance, goal pursuit, motivational climate, motivation, burnout and perceived recovery-exertion...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129021/the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
BACKGROUND: While adaptation to hypoxia at natural or simulated altitude has long been used with endurance athletes, it has only recently gained popularity for team-sport athletes. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of hypoxic interventions on high-intensity intermittent running performance in team-sport athletes. METHODS: A systematic literature search of five journal databases was performed. Percent change in performance (distance covered) in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (level 1 and level 2 were used without differentiation) in hypoxic (natural or simulated altitude) and control (sea level or normoxic placebo) groups was meta-analyzed with a mixed model...
November 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125217/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-fifa-world-cup-on-soccer-emergency-department-injuries-among-montreal-adolescents
#5
Glenn Keays, Debbie Friedman, Marianne Beaudin, Isabelle Gagnon
AIM: The 'trickle-down effect', or how major sports events have a positive impact on sports participation, has been the subject of many studies, but none produced conclusive results. We took a different approach and rather than look at sports participation, we used injuries as a proxy and see if injuries increased, or remained the same, after the International Federation of Association Football World Cup. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we looked at the injuries suffered by males and females (13-16 years old) while playing team sports in Montreal, that occurred in May to July, from 1999 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122204/insights-on-the-apparel-needs-and-limitations-for-athletes-with-disabilities-the-design-of-wheelchair-rugby-sports-wear
#6
Sara Bragança, Ignacio Castellucci, Simeon Gill, Pascal Matthias, Miguel Carvalho, Pedro Arezes
Wheelchair rugby is a sport that has been gaining popularity with athletes with disabilities. However, as it is relatively new and not played by the masses, market specific sports-wear is not available for this sport, which impacts directly on performance and clothing satisfaction of the athletes. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to identify the problems that wheelchair rugby players face with the sports-wear they use for playing the game. The data was collected using a focus group and a questionnaire with 61 wheelchair rugby players in the United Kingdom...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121528/a-detailed-examination-of-the-longitudinal-associations-between-individual-and-team-sports-and-alcohol-use
#7
Anne-Sophie Denault, François Poulin
This study examined the longitudinal associations between participation in individual and team sports and indicators of alcohol use during the high school years and beyond. A total of 310 youths were surveyed over six waves of data collection (ages 12, 14 to 17, and 19). Participation in individual and team sports was measured through phone interviews, whereas frequency of alcohol use, frequency of intoxication, and problematic alcohol use were self-reported. Control variables included participation in other types of organized activities, sex, family income and structure, parental education and knowledge, problem behaviors, deviant peers, and peer status...
October 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116955/patient-injury-assessment-and-treatment-characteristics-and-return-to-play-timelines-after-sport-related-concussion-an-investigation-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#8
Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Nicholas Kostishak, Barton E Anderson, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient, injury, assessment and treatment characteristics, as well as return-to-play timelines and clinical findings at discharge for adolescent patients after sport-related concussion. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. SETTING: Athletic training facilities of secondary school members of the Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network (AT-PBRN). PATIENTS: In total, 1886 patient records were reviewed...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116830/hip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-ankle-sprains-in-male-soccer-players-a-prospective-study
#9
Christopher M Powers, Navid Ghoddosi, Rachel K Straub, Khalil Khayambashi
CONTEXT:   Diminished hip-abductor strength has been suggested to increase the risk of noncontact lateral ankle sprains. OBJECTIVE:   To determine prospectively whether baseline hip-abductor strength predicts future noncontact lateral ankle sprains in competitive male soccer players. DESIGN:   Prospective cohort study. SETTING:   Athletic training facilities and various athletic fields. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Two hundred ten competitive male soccer players...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114563/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-overuse-injuries-in-female-youth-soccer-players
#10
John W O'Kane, Moni Neradilek, Nayak Polissar, Lori Sabado, Allan Tencer, Melissa A Schiff
Background: Youth soccer injuries are common and of increasing concern, with sport specialization occurring at younger ages. Limited research is available regarding overuse injuries and risk factors in young female athletes. Purpose: To identify the number and rate of overuse injuries in female soccer players (ages 12-15 years), describe the anatomic location and type of injury, and evaluate contributing risk factors. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112280/characterization-and-correlates-of-exercise-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#11
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer L Carlson, Jessica M Kao, Neville H Golden, Stuart B Murray, Rebecka Peebles
OBJECTIVE: To characterize exercise behaviors among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, or bulimia nervosa (BN), and determine associations between exercise and medical risk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic medical records of all patients evaluated by the Eating Disorder Program at Stanford between January 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 1,083 subjects (961 females, 122 males; mean age 15...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111866/moral-identity-predicts-doping-likelihood-via-moral-disengagement-and-anticipated-guilt
#12
Maria Kavussanu, Christopher Ring
In this study, we integrated elements of social cognitive theory of moral thought and action and the social cognitive model of moral identity to better understand doping likelihood in athletes. Participants (N = 398) recruited from a variety of team sports completed measures of moral identity, moral disengagement, anticipated guilt, and doping likelihood. Moral identity predicted doping likelihood indirectly via moral disengagement and anticipated guilt. Anticipated guilt about potential doping mediated the relationship between moral disengagement and doping likelihood...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107321/multiscale-coordination-between-athletes-complexity-matching-in-ergometer-rowing
#13
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Vivien Marmelat, Ralf F A Cox
Complex systems applications in human movement sciences have increased our understanding of emergent coordination patterns between athletes. In the current study, we take a novel step and propose that movement coordination between athletes is a multiscale phenomenon. Specifically, we investigated so-called "complexity matching" of performance measured in the context of rowing. Sixteen rowers participated in two sessions on rowing ergometers: One individual session of 550 strokes and one dyadic session of 550 strokes side-by-side with a team member...
October 26, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099946/examining-the-association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sport-participation-with-e-cigarette-use-and-smoking-status-in-a-large-sample-of-canadian-youth
#14
Sandra Milicic, Emma Piérard, Philip DeCicca, Scott T Leatherdale
Introduction: Youth e-cigarette use is common worldwide, but the profile of e-cigarette users compared with tobacco users is unclear. This study examines how sport participation and activity levels among youth differ between e-cigarette users and smokers. Methods: Using Canadian data from 38,977 grade 9 to 12 students who participated in Year 3 (2014-15) of the COMPASS study, logistic regression models were used to examine the likelihood of sport participation and activity level based on e-cigarette use and smoking status...
November 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093825/an-outbreak-of-leptospirosis-among-united-states-military-personnel-in-guam
#15
Alyson J Brinker, David L Blazes
Background: Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution. Case presentation: We describe and discuss the clinical course of a leptospirosis outbreak in a running club called the hash house harriers on Guam. Conclusions: Leptospirosis is a potentialy life threatening disease, and has had a reemergence given the popularity of travel adventure sports, teams, and clubs around the world. This case presentation highlights the robust prescence of leptospirosis on Guam...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093646/normative-data-on-regional-sweat-sodium-concentrations-of-professional-male-team-sport-athletes
#16
Mayur K Ranchordas, Nicholas B Tiller, Girish Ramchandani, Raj Jutley, Andrew Blow, Jonny Tye, Ben Drury
Background: The purpose of this paper was to report normative data on regional sweat sweat-sodium concentrations of various professional male team-sport athletes, and to compare sweat-sodium concentrations among sports. Data to this effect would inform our understanding of athlete sodium requirements, thus allowing for the individualisation of sodium replacement strategies. Accordingly, data from 696 athletes (Soccer, n = 270; Rugby, n = 181; Baseball, n = 133; American Football, n = 60; Basketball, n = 52) were compiled for a retrospective analysis...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091476/brief-education-intervention-increases-nutrition-knowledge-and-confidence-of-coaches-of-junior-australian-football-teams
#17
Regina Belski, Alex Donaldson, Kiera Staley, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Steve Teakel, Sonya Stanley, Matthew Nicholson
This study evaluated the impact of a brief (20-minute) nutrition education intervention embedded in an existing mandatory coach education course for coaches of junior (8-12 year old) Australian football teams. Two hundred and eighty-four coaches (68% of 415 coaching course participants) completed a pre-session questionnaire and 110 (27% of coaching course participants) completed an identical post-session questionnaire. The responses to the pre- and post-session surveys were matched for 78 coaches. Coaches' ratings of their own understanding of the nutritional needs of young athletes (6...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091470/acute-ingestion-of-caffeinated-chewing-gum-improves-repeated-sprint-performance-of-team-sports-athletes-with-low-habitual-caffeine-consumption
#18
Mark Evans, Peter Tierney, Nicola Gray, Greg Hawe, Maria Macken, Brendan Egan
The effects of acute ingestion of caffeine on short-duration high intensity performance are equivocal, while studies of novel modes of delivery and the efficacy of low doses of caffeine are warranted. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effect of acute ingestion of caffeinated chewing gum on repeated sprint performance (RSP) in team sport athletes, and whether habitual caffeine consumption alters the ergogenic effect, if any, on RSP. Eighteen male team sports athletes undertook four RSP trials using a 40 m maximum shuttle run test (MST), which incorporates 10x40 m sprints with 30 s between the start of each sprint...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#19
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074477/sport-sex-and-age-increase-risk-of-illness-at-the-rio-2016-summer-paralympic-games-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-51-198-athlete-days
#20
Wayne Derman, Martin P Schwellnus, Esme Jordaan, Phoebe Runciman, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter Van de Vliet, Yetsa Tuakli-Wosornu, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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