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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104040/sexual-health-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-young-sudanese-queenslanders-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Judith Dean, Marion Mitchell, Donald Stewart, Joseph Debattista
Background: Forced migration is associated with sexual vulnerability. However, little is known about the sexual health literacy and needs of refugee-background youth post resettlement. Methods: Conducted in partnership with the Queensland Sudanese community, this study used a cross-sectional survey to explore the sexual health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a convenience sample of 16- to 24-year-old Sudanese-background youth in Australia (n=229). Results: Sexually transmissible infection (STI) and HIV knowledge scores were generally low, although they were found to significantly improve the longer participants had lived in Australia (P<0...
January 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003772/determinants-of-institutional-delivery-service-utilization-among-pastorals-of-liben-zone-somali-regional-state-ethiopia-2015
#2
Nejimu Biza Zepro, Ahmed Tahir Ahmed
Maternal health service utilizations are poorly equipped, inaccessible, negligible, and not well documented in the pastoral society. This research describes a quantitative and qualitative study on the determinants of institutional delivery among pastoralists of Liben Zone with special emphasis on Filtu and Deka Suftu woredas of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The study was funded by the project "Fostering health care for refugees and pastoral communities in Somali Region, Ethiopia". This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002579/acute-care-hospitalization-of-refugees-to-canada-linked-data-for-immigrants-from-poland-vietnam-and-the-middle-east
#3
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Refugees arrive in Canada with settlement challenges different from those faced by other immigrants, including a higher risk of poor health. This study reports hospitalization rates for the three fiscal years from 2006/2007 through 2008/2009 for immigrants who arrived during the 1980-to-2006 period, with a focus on three refugee groups. DATA AND METHODS: Information from two linked databases was used to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) per 10,000 population aged 30 or older for all causes (excluding pregnancy) and for leading causes, by immigrant category and by refugee subcategory...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931054/-tb-screening-of-pregnant-women-in-accordance-with-the-german-protection-against-infection-act
#4
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889328/multiple-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissections-an-uncommon-cause-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-a-syrian-refugee
#5
Tina Zhu, Peggy DeJong, Amer M Johri
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an uncommon nonatherosclerotic cause of acute coronary syndrome. It usually occurs in young women and is often associated with fibromuscular dysplasia, connective tissue diseases, and pregnancy or postpartum states. We present a case of a Syrian woman with a history of grand multiparity and recent miscarriage who presented with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and was found to have multivessel spontaneous coronary artery dissection and severe left ventricular dysfunction...
August 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#6
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756088/-when-chance-decides-about-access-to-health-care-the-case-of-refugees-in-germany
#7
O Razum, J Wenner, K Bozorgmehr
Health and access to health care are considered a human right. "Regular" immigrants such as work migrants in Germany have the same entitlement to health care coverage through the statutory health insurance as the majority population. This, however, is not the case for refugees and asylum seekers. According to paragraphs 4 and 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, their entitlement is restricted to care for acute pain, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as immunizations in the first 15 months. Additional care can be financed on a case-by-case basis...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635059/paired-suicide-in-a-young-refugee-couple-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#8
Gracia Fellmeth, May May Oo, Billion Lay, Rose McGready
A young refugee woman attended antenatal clinic on the Thai-Myanmar border at 9 weeks' gestation. As part of an ongoing study of perinatal mental health, she underwent a structured psychiatric interview during which she described occasional depressed mood, anhedonia and passive suicidal ideation. Her husband was a young refugee known to use alcohol and drugs. 2 days later, the couple committed suicide together by herbicide ingestion. Refugee populations are at risk of developing mental disorders as a result of their marginalised status, socioeconomic disadvantage and exposures to trauma...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589848/clinical-characteristics-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-syrian-refugees-a-case-control-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-istanbul-turkey
#9
Hakan Erenel, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Veysel Sal, Isil Ayhan, Suat Karatas, Arzu Koc Bebek
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in women who are Syrian refugees and Turkish women who are non-refugees at a maternity center in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: A total of 600 singleton pregnancies who delivered at Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were included in the study. Demographic data, obstetrical history, clinical findings, obstetrical and neonatal outcomes were compared between 300 Syrian refugees and 300 control patients...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543078/family-planning-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-refugee-and-migrant-pregnant-and-post-partum-women-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Patricia Salisbury, Layla Hall, Sibylla Kulkus, Moo Kho Paw, Nay Win Tun, Aung Myat Min, Kesinee Chotivanich, Somjet Srikanok, Pranee Ontuwong, Supachai Sirinonthachai, François Nosten, Shawn Somerset, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Lack of data in marginalized populations on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) hampers efforts to improve modern contraceptive practice. A mixed methods study to better understand family planning KAP amongst refugee and migrant women on the Thailand-Myanmar border was conducted as part of an ongoing effort to improve reproductive health, particularly maternal mortality, through Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) antenatal and birthing services. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys and focus group discussions (FGDs) in currently pregnant women; and in-depth interviews (IDIs) in selected post-partum women with three children or more; were conducted...
August 19, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532621/acute-care-hospitalization-by-immigrant-category-linking-hospital-data-and-the-immigrant-landing-file-in-canada
#11
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Although immigrants tend to be healthier than the Canadian-born population when they arrive, subgroups, notably different immigration categories, may differ in health and health care use. Data limitations have meant the research has seldom focused on category of immigrant-economic, family or refugee. A newly linked database has made it possible to study acute care hospitalization by immigration category and source region. DATA AND METHODS: The Immigrant Landing File-Hospital Discharge Abstract Linked Database (n = 2...
August 17, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447794/use-of-maternal-health-services-comparing-refugee-immigrant-and-us-born-populations
#12
Katherine Kentoffio, Seth A Berkowitz, Steven J Atlas, Sarah A Oo, Sanja Percac-Lima
Objectives To determine use of recommended maternal healthcare services among refugee and immigrant women in a setting of near-universal insurance coverage. Methods Refugee women age ≥18 years, who arrived in the US from 2001 to 2013 and received care at the same Massachusetts community health center, were matched by age, gender, and date of care initiation to Spanish-speaking immigrants and US-born controls. The primary outcome was initiation of obstetrical care within the first trimester (12 weeks gestation)...
July 22, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411855/food-taboos-and-nutrition-related-pregnancy-concerns-among-ethiopian-women
#13
Vidanka Vasilevski, Mary Carolan-Olah
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To discuss Ethiopian food taboos during pregnancy and their relation to maternal nutritional status and pregnancy outcomes. BACKGROUND: Recent waves of migration have seen large groups of Ethiopian refugees moving to countries around the globe. This is of concern as Ethiopian women are at risk of a number of medical and pregnancy complications. Health is further compromised by poor diet and adherence to cultural food beliefs and taboos. In refugee women, many of these factors correspond with significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications and poor birth outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225996/global-estimation-of-surgical-procedures-needed%C3%A2-for-forcibly-displaced-persons
#14
Yuanting Zha, Barclay Stewart, Eugenia Lee, Kyle N Remick, David H Rothstein, Reinou S Groen, Gilbert Burnham, David K Imagawa, Adam L Kushner
INTRODUCTION: Sixty million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict, persecution, or human rights violations at the end of 2014. This vulnerable population bears a disproportionate burden of disease, much of which is surgically treatable. We sought to estimate the surgical needs for forcibly displaced persons globally to inform humanitarian assistance initiatives. METHODS: Data regarding forcibly displaced persons, including refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and asylum seekers were extracted from United Nations databases...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149227/the-lived-experience-of-pregnancy-among-hiv-positive-refugee-women-a-qualitative-study
#15
Teresa Chulach, Marilou Gagnon, Dave Holmes
Increasingly HIV-positive refugee women are becoming pregnant. The objective of this qualitative study was to describe and explore the meaning and experience of pregnancy from the perspective of HIV-positive refugee women. The phenomenological analysis revealed 4 core themes. "Making up stories" for privacy and protection emerged as the first theme. The second theme illuminates 2 types of isolation: a double isolation based on refugee and HIV statuses, and isolation endured throughout the pregnancy. Being-in-Between describes the third theme...
April 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099617/comprehensive-development-and-testing-of-the-asist-gbv-a-screening-tool-for-responding-to-gender-based-violence-among-women-in-humanitarian-settings
#16
A L Wirtz, N Glass, K Pham, N Perrin, L S Rubenstein, S Singh, A Vu
BACKGROUND: Conflict affected refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at increased vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Health, psychosocial, and protection services have been implemented in humanitarian settings, but GBV remains under-reported and available services under-utilized. To improve access to existing GBV services and facilitate reporting, the ASIST-GBV screening tool was developed and tested for use in humanitarian settings. This process was completed in four phases: 1) systematic literature review, 2) qualitative research that included individual interviews and focus groups with GBV survivors and service providers, respectively, 3) pilot testing of the developed screening tool, and 4) 3-month implementation testing of the screening tool...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090243/-systematic-review-and-evidence-mapping-of-empirical-studies-on-health-status-and-medical-care-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-1990-2014
#17
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Amir Mohsenpour, Daniel Saure, Christian Stock, Adrian Loerbroks, Stefanie Joos, Christine Schneider
BACKGROUND: Owing to a lack of routine statistics on the health status and medical care of asylum seekers, empirical studies play a major role in the mapping of these aspects. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the research landscape in this area, synthesizing knowledge from empirical studies and identifying evidence gaps. METHODS: A three-tiered search strategy included searching for empirical studies in national/international databases and on the internet, screening reference lists, and contacting experts...
May 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26865857/psychometric-properties-and-reliability-of-the-assessment-screen-to-identify-survivors-toolkit-for-gender-based-violence-asist-gbv-results-from-humanitarian-settings-in-ethiopia-and-colombia
#18
Alexander Vu, Andrea Wirtz, Kiemanh Pham, Sonal Singh, Leonard Rubenstein, Nancy Glass, Nancy Perrin
BACKGROUND: Refugees and internally displaced persons who are affected by armed-conflict are at increased vulnerability to some forms of sexual violence or other types of gender-based violence. A validated, brief and easy-to-administer screening tool will help service providers identify GBV survivors and refer them to appropriate GBV services. To date, no such GBV screening tool exists. We developed the 7-item ASIST-GBV screening tool from qualitative research that included individual interviews and focus groups with GBV refugee and IDP survivors...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821044/impact-of-food-rations-and-supplements-on-micronutrient-status-by-trimester-of-pregnancy-cross-sectional-studies-in-the-maela-refugee-camp-in-thailand
#19
Wolfgang Stuetz, Verena I Carrara, Rose Mc Gready, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Tilman Grune, Hans K Biesalski, François H Nosten
Micronutrient fortified flour (MFF), supplementary food rations and micronutrient (MN) supplements may prevent deficiencies among pregnant women. Objectives of cross-sectional surveys in 2004 (n = 533) and 2006 (n = 515) were to assess the impact of new food rations (flour, oil) and supplements on MN status by trimester of pregnancy in the Maela refugee camp. Hemoglobin, iron status, zinc, retinol, β-carotene and tryptophan decreased, while α-/γ-tocopherol and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) increased from first to third trimester...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794243/-we-are-all-scared-for-the-baby-promoting-access-to-dental-services-for-refugee-background-women-during-pregnancy
#20
Elisha Riggs, Jane Yelland, Ramini Shankumar, Nicky Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable populations such as people with refugee backgrounds are at increased risk of poor oral health. Given that maternal characteristics play a significant role in the development of dental caries in children, antenatal care offers an opportunity to both provide information to women about the importance of maternal oral health and accessing dental care. Although pregnant women are recognised for 'priority' care under Victorian state-government policy, rarely do they attend...
January 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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