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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306876/migrant-perinatal-depression-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-perinatal-depression-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#1
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Verena Carrara, Mina Fazel, May May Oo, Yuwapha Phichitphadungtham, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Naw Kerry Wai, Oh Mu, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose Mcgready
PURPOSE: Perinatal depression is a significant contributor to maternal morbidity. Migrant women in resource-poor settings may be at increased risk, yet little research has been conducted in low-income and middle-income settings. This prospective cohort study of migrant women on the Thai-Myanmar border aims to establish prevalence of perinatal depression, identify risk factors for perinatal depression and examine associations with infant outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: Participating women are labour migrants and refugees living on the Thai-Myanmar border...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286012/hepatitis-a-b-c-and-hiv-seroprevalence-among-syrian-refugee-children-admitted-to-outpatient-clinics
#2
Şükran Köse, Ilker Ödemiş, Didem Çelik, Bengü Gireniz Tatar, Ilkay Akbulut, Dilek Yilmaz Çiftdoğan
Viral hepatitis is the most common cause of serious health problems such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Leading to immunodeficiency disorders through different mechanisms, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes the development of severe secondary infections. Hepatitis A (HAV) is thought to spread by the faecal-oral route, while Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV are mostly transmitted vertically during childhood. In our study, we aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV among Syrian refugee children who were admitted to outpatient clinics...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231788/the-2018-inter-agency-field-manual-on-reproductive-health-in-humanitarian-settings-revising-the-global-standards
#3
Angel M Foster, Dabney P Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis, Erin Wheeler
Since the 1990s, the Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings (IAFM) has provided authoritative guidance on reproductive health service provision during different phases of complex humanitarian emergencies. In 2018, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises will release a new edition of this global resource. In this article, we describe the collaborative and inter-sectoral revision process and highlight major changes in the 2018 IAFM. Key revisions to the manual include repositioning unintended pregnancy prevention within and explicitly incorporating safe abortion care into the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) chapter, which outlines a set of priority activities to be implemented at the outset of a humanitarian crisis; stronger guidance on the transition from the MISP to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services; and the addition of a logistics chapter...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167698/transitions-into-puberty-and-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-information-in-two-humanitarian-settings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-very-young-adolescents-from-somalia-and-myanmar
#4
Anna E Kågesten, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Catherine Lee, Tenaw Bawoke, Shahd Osman, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Very young adolescents (VYA) in humanitarian settings are largely neglected in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study describes the characteristics of VYA aged 10-14 years in two humanitarian settings, focusing on transitions into puberty and access to SRH information. Methods: Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey with Somali VYA residing in the Kobe refugee camp in Ethiopia (N = 406) and VYA from Myanmar residing in the Mae Sot and Phop Phra migrant communities in Thailand (N = 399)...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#5
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094494/motherhood-in-the-shade-of-migration-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experience-of-syrian-refugee-mothers-living-in-turkey
#6
Oznur Korukcu, Ruveyde Aydın, Jane Conway, Kamile Kukulu
Turkey receives the largest number of Syrian refugees in the world. Some of these refugee women become mothers in Turkey. This paper reports on a qualitative, descriptive study that investigated the experience of seven Syrian women migrants who gave birth in Turkey, and explores their experiences of transition to motherhood in a foreign country. The research identified that aspects of transition can be clustered under five main themes: difficulties during the pregnancy period, giving birth in a foreign country, problems of refugee mothers, milestones in life of refugee mothers, and influence of cultural beliefs of refugee mothers on baby care...
November 2, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051840/syrian-refugee-women-s-health-in-lebanon-turkey-and-jordan-and-recommendations-for-improved-practice
#7
Goleen Samari
Since 2011, an estimated nine million Syrian refugees have fled to neighboring countries, and over four million have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan. Seventy five percent of Syrian refugees are women and children. In times of conflict, women's health disproportionately suffers. Based on an assessment of academic literature and international policy and development reports, this study explores the vulnerabilities of Syrian women and girls in Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan, and how these countries approach Syrian refugee women's health care...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032521/learning-from-ujambo-perspectives-on-gynecologic-care-in-african-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-boston-massachusetts
#8
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830027/factors-influencing-use-of-family-planning-in-women-living-in-crisis-affected-areas-of-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Kelly Ackerson, Ruth Zielinski
BACKGROUND: far too many women continue to die from pregnancy and childbirth related causes. While rates have decreased in the past two decades, some areas of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa continue to have very high maternal mortality rates. One intervention that has been demonstrated to decrease maternal mortality is use of family planning and modern contraception, yet rates of use in sub-Saharan countries with the highest rates of maternal death remain very low. AIM: to review available research and summarize the factors that inhibit or promote family planning and contraceptive use among refugee women and women from surrounding areas living in Sub-Saharan Africa...
November 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757595/early-marriage-and-barriers-to-contraception-among-syrian-refugee-women-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study
#10
Zeinab Cherri, Julita Gil Cuesta, Jose M Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir
The Syrian conflict has displaced five million individuals outside their country with Lebanon hosting the largest numbers per capita. Around 24% of Syrian refugees fleeing to Lebanon are women of reproductive age (15-49). Yet, a better understanding of the sexual and reproductive health needs of Syrian refugee women in Lebanon is required to improve provided services. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted in four regions of Lebanon with 108 Syrian refugee women of reproductive age. Thematic analysis was used to examine the data...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719309/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-refugee-and-migrant-pregnant-women-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#11
Bert J D van Enter, Yee-Ling Lau, Clare L Ling, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Yaowalark Sukthana, Wenn-Chyau Lee, François Nosten, Rose McGready
Toxoplasma gondii primary infection in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant migrant and refugee women from Myanmar attending antenatal care in Thailand. A random selection of 199 residual blood samples from first antenatal screen in 2014-2015 was tested for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection was 31.7% (95% confidence interval = 25.6-38.4). Avidity testing in the three positive IgM cases indicated all were past infections...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707099/maternal-health-care-utilization-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-and-jordan
#12
Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Ann Burton, Shannon Doocy
Purpose The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon over the last 5 years presents an immense burden to national health systems. This study was undertaken to assess utilization of maternal health services among Syrian refugees in both countries. Description A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees living in urban and rural (non-camp) settings was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent of surveyed households in Lebanon and 88% of surveyed households in Jordan included women with a live birth in the last year...
September 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651904/community-based-distribution-of-misoprostol-for-early-abortion-evaluation-of-a-program-along-the-thailand-burma-border
#13
Angel M Foster, Grady Arnott, Margaret Hobstetter
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is legal in Thailand for a number of indications, women from Burma residing in Thailand are rarely able to access safe services. We evaluated the outcomes of a community-based distribution program that provides migrant, refugee, and cross-border women from Burma with evidence-based information about and access to misoprostol for early pregnancy termination. METHODS: After determination of eligibility based on self-report and counseling, trained Network members instructed women to vaginally administer two 800-mcg doses of misoprostol 24 h apart and a third dose one week later, if needed...
June 23, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#14
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592976/healthcare-access-challenges-facing-six-african-refugee-mothers-in-south-korea-a-qualitative-multiple-case-study
#15
Min Sun Kim, In Gyu Song, Ah Reum An, Kyae Hyung Kim, Ji Hoon Sohn, Sei Won Yang
PURPOSE: Following legal reform in 2013, the annual number of asylum seekers entering South Korea has increased from 1,143 in 2012 to 5,711 in 2015. We interviewed six African refugee mothers of young children regarding their health needs and barriers to access maternal child health services. METHODS: We recruited mothers who had visited a clinic for immigrants between July 2013 and August 2015. Participants were African refugee women, aged over 18 years, who had given birth in Korea within the previous 5 years and had come to Korea over a year before recruitment...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542791/pregnancy-outcomes-among-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-women-a-comparative-study
#16
K Alnuaimi, M Kassab, R Ali, K Mohammad, K Shattnawi
AIM: To compare pregnancy outcomes of Syrian refugee women and Jordanian women. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: In the past few years, thousands of Syrians fled Syria to neighbouring countries such as Jordan as a result of the continuing conflict in their country. Pregnant refugee women are facing many difficulties that increase the prevalence of antenatal complications. However, there is limited awareness of whether Syrian refugee women have different risks of pregnancy outcomes than Jordanian women...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490508/longer-exposure-to-a-new-refugee-food-ration-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-results-from-2-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#17
Verena I Carrara, Wolfgang Stuetz, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François H Nosten, Rose McGready
Background: Despite the high risk of compromised nutrition, evidence of the effect of refugee rations on fetal growth is limited. A new ration containing micronutrient-fortified flour without increased caloric content of the general food basket was introduced to the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, July 2004.Objective: The effect of the length of gestational exposure of the new ration on fetal growth was compared with birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB)].Design: In an observational study in 987 newborns from 1048 prospectively followed antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees enrolled in 2 cross-sectional surveys, exposure was categorized in 2004 according to gestation at the time of commencing the new ration and in 2006 as comprehensive (preconception and pregnancy)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480668/osteoporosis-a-future-public-health-problem-for-israel-medical-and-legal-obligations
#18
George M Weisz
Starvation in early life can lead to premature metabolic syndrome and bone demineralization. Osteoporosis in the Jewish population may not yet be a recognized syndrome, but the harsh conditions to which Holocaust survivors were exposed may have increased the incidence of the condition. Immigrants and refugees who came to Israel from East Africa and Yemen - whether decades ago or more recently - may have been at increased risk of under-nutrition during pregnancy, affecting both the mother and consequently the offspring...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430082/a-community-based-survey-on-syrian-refugee-women-s-health-and-its-predictors-in-%C3%A5-anliurfa-turkey
#19
Zeynep Simsek, Nebiye Yentur Doni, Nese Gül Hilali, Gokhan Yildirimkaya
Reproductive characteristics, mental health symptoms, micronutrient deficiencies, and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were determined among married Syrian refugee women aged 15-49 years who were living outside of camps in 2015, using probability sampling. Of the 458 participants, 51.3% married before the age of 18 years. Early-age marriages and number of desired children increased after the war. In multivariable analyses, education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389934/prevalence-and-risk-of-mental-disorders-in-the-perinatal-period-among-migrant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Fraser M Anderson, Stephani L Hatch, Carla Comacchio, Louise M Howard
This study was conducted in order to evaluate the prevalence and risk of mental disorders in the perinatal period among migrant women. Six databases (including MEDLINE) were searched from inception to October 19th, 2015, in addition to citation tracking. Studies were eligible if mental disorders were assessed with validated tools during pregnancy and up to 1 year postpartum among women born outside of the study country. Of 3241 abstracts screened, 53 met the inclusion criteria for the review. Only three studies investigated a mental disorder other than depression...
June 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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