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refugee pregnancy

O Razum, J Wenner, K Bozorgmehr
Health and access to health care are considered a human right. "Regular" immigrants such as work migrants in Germany have the same entitlement to health care coverage through the statutory health insurance as the majority population. This, however, is not the case for refugees and asylum seekers. According to paragraphs 4 and 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, their entitlement is restricted to care for acute pain, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as immunizations in the first 15 months. Additional care can be financed on a case-by-case basis...
October 18, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Gracia Fellmeth, May May Oo, Billion Lay, Rose McGready
A young refugee woman attended antenatal clinic on the Thai-Myanmar border at 9 weeks' gestation. As part of an ongoing study of perinatal mental health, she underwent a structured psychiatric interview during which she described occasional depressed mood, anhedonia and passive suicidal ideation. Her husband was a young refugee known to use alcohol and drugs. 2 days later, the couple committed suicide together by herbicide ingestion. Refugee populations are at risk of developing mental disorders as a result of their marginalised status, socioeconomic disadvantage and exposures to trauma...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Hakan Erenel, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Veysel Sal, Isil Ayhan, Suat Karatas, Arzu Koc Bebek
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in women who are Syrian refugees and Turkish women who are non-refugees at a maternity center in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: A total of 600 singleton pregnancies who delivered at Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were included in the study. Demographic data, obstetrical history, clinical findings, obstetrical and neonatal outcomes were compared between 300 Syrian refugees and 300 control patients...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Patricia Salisbury, Layla Hall, Sibylla Kulkus, Moo Kho Paw, Nay Win Tun, Aung Myat Min, Kesinee Chotivanich, Somjet Srikanok, Pranee Ontuwong, Supachai Sirinonthachai, François Nosten, Shawn Somerset, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Lack of data in marginalized populations on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) hampers efforts to improve modern contraceptive practice. A mixed methods study to better understand family planning KAP amongst refugee and migrant women on the Thailand-Myanmar border was conducted as part of an ongoing effort to improve reproductive health, particularly maternal mortality, through Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) antenatal and birthing services. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys and focus group discussions (FGDs) in currently pregnant women; and in-depth interviews (IDIs) in selected post-partum women with three children or more; were conducted...
2016: Reproductive Health
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Although immigrants tend to be healthier than the Canadian-born population when they arrive, subgroups, notably different immigration categories, may differ in health and health care use. Data limitations have meant the research has seldom focused on category of immigrant-economic, family or refugee. A newly linked database has made it possible to study acute care hospitalization by immigration category and source region. DATA AND METHODS: The Immigrant Landing File-Hospital Discharge Abstract Linked Database (n = 2...
August 17, 2016: Health Reports
Katherine Kentoffio, Seth A Berkowitz, Steven J Atlas, Sarah A Oo, Sanja Percac-Lima
Objectives To determine use of recommended maternal healthcare services among refugee and immigrant women in a setting of near-universal insurance coverage. Methods Refugee women age ≥18 years, who arrived in the US from 2001 to 2013 and received care at the same Massachusetts community health center, were matched by age, gender, and date of care initiation to Spanish-speaking immigrants and US-born controls. The primary outcome was initiation of obstetrical care within the first trimester (12 weeks gestation)...
July 22, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Vidanka Vasilevski, Mary Carolan-Olah
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To discuss Ethiopian food taboos during pregnancy and their relation to maternal nutritional status and pregnancy outcomes. BACKGROUND: Recent waves of migration have seen large groups of Ethiopian refugees moving to countries around the globe. This is of concern as Ethiopian women are at risk of a number of medical and pregnancy complications. Health is further compromised by poor diet and adherence to cultural food beliefs and taboos. In refugee women, many of these factors correspond with significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications and poor birth outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Yuanting Zha, Barclay Stewart, Eugenia Lee, Kyle N Remick, David H Rothstein, Reinou S Groen, Gilbert Burnham, David K Imagawa, Adam L Kushner
INTRODUCTION: Sixty million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict, persecution, or human rights violations at the end of 2014. This vulnerable population bears a disproportionate burden of disease, much of which is surgically treatable. We sought to estimate the surgical needs for forcibly displaced persons globally to inform humanitarian assistance initiatives. METHODS: Data regarding forcibly displaced persons, including refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and asylum seekers were extracted from United Nations databases...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Teresa Chulach, Marilou Gagnon, Dave Holmes
Increasingly HIV-positive refugee women are becoming pregnant. The objective of this qualitative study was to describe and explore the meaning and experience of pregnancy from the perspective of HIV-positive refugee women. The phenomenological analysis revealed 4 core themes. "Making up stories" for privacy and protection emerged as the first theme. The second theme illuminates 2 types of isolation: a double isolation based on refugee and HIV statuses, and isolation endured throughout the pregnancy. Being-in-Between describes the third theme...
April 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
A L Wirtz, N Glass, K Pham, N Perrin, L S Rubenstein, S Singh, A Vu
BACKGROUND: Conflict affected refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at increased vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Health, psychosocial, and protection services have been implemented in humanitarian settings, but GBV remains under-reported and available services under-utilized. To improve access to existing GBV services and facilitate reporting, the ASIST-GBV screening tool was developed and tested for use in humanitarian settings. This process was completed in four phases: 1) systematic literature review, 2) qualitative research that included individual interviews and focus groups with GBV survivors and service providers, respectively, 3) pilot testing of the developed screening tool, and 4) 3-month implementation testing of the screening tool...
2016: Conflict and Health
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Amir Mohsenpour, Daniel Saure, Christian Stock, Adrian Loerbroks, Stefanie Joos, Christine Schneider
BACKGROUND: Owing to a lack of routine statistics on the health status and medical care of asylum seekers, empirical studies play a major role in the mapping of these aspects. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the research landscape in this area, synthesizing knowledge from empirical studies and identifying evidence gaps. METHODS: A three-tiered search strategy included searching for empirical studies in national/international databases and on the internet, screening reference lists, and contacting experts...
May 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Alexander Vu, Andrea Wirtz, Kiemanh Pham, Sonal Singh, Leonard Rubenstein, Nancy Glass, Nancy Perrin
BACKGROUND: Refugees and internally displaced persons who are affected by armed-conflict are at increased vulnerability to some forms of sexual violence or other types of gender-based violence. A validated, brief and easy-to-administer screening tool will help service providers identify GBV survivors and refer them to appropriate GBV services. To date, no such GBV screening tool exists. We developed the 7-item ASIST-GBV screening tool from qualitative research that included individual interviews and focus groups with GBV refugee and IDP survivors...
2016: Conflict and Health
Wolfgang Stuetz, Verena I Carrara, Rose Mc Gready, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Tilman Grune, Hans K Biesalski, François H Nosten
Micronutrient fortified flour (MFF), supplementary food rations and micronutrient (MN) supplements may prevent deficiencies among pregnant women. Objectives of cross-sectional surveys in 2004 (n = 533) and 2006 (n = 515) were to assess the impact of new food rations (flour, oil) and supplements on MN status by trimester of pregnancy in the Maela refugee camp. Hemoglobin, iron status, zinc, retinol, β-carotene and tryptophan decreased, while α-/γ-tocopherol and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) increased from first to third trimester...
February 2016: Nutrients
Elisha Riggs, Jane Yelland, Ramini Shankumar, Nicky Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable populations such as people with refugee backgrounds are at increased risk of poor oral health. Given that maternal characteristics play a significant role in the development of dental caries in children, antenatal care offers an opportunity to both provide information to women about the importance of maternal oral health and accessing dental care. Although pregnant women are recognised for 'priority' care under Victorian state-government policy, rarely do they attend...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Marie-Clare Balaam, Carol Kingdon, Gill Thomson, Kenneth Finlayson, Soo Downe
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND OR CONTEXT: refugee and asylum seekers are over represented in maternal death data. Many asylum seeking and refugee women access maternity care infrequently, or not at all. Little is known about the role of voluntary sector workers in supporting pregnant refugees and asylum seekers. OBJECTIVE: to explore the experiences of voluntary sector workers supporting asylum seeking and refugee women during pregnancy and early motherhood. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive study...
March 2016: Midwifery
Dana A Muin, Katrin Wagner, Rosemarie Burian, Naghmeh Ghaem Maghami, Olav Lapaire
We report a case of a Somali refugee who presented in the second trimester of her first pregnancy with a four-week history of gradual right-sided sensomotoric hemisyndrome including facial palsy and left-sided paresis of the oculomotorius nerve causing drooping of the left eyelid and double vision. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solitary brainstem lesion. Upon detection of hilar lymphadenopathy on chest X-ray (CXR), the diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis with involvement of the central nervous system was confirmed by PCR and treatment induced with rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol...
2015: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Elisha Riggs, Jane Yelland, Josef Szwarc, Sayed Wahidi, Sue Casey, Donna Chesters, Fatema Fouladi, Philippa Duell-Piening, Rebecca Giallo, Stephanie Brown
BACKGROUND: Fathers of refugee background are dealing with multiple, interrelated stressors associated with forced migration and establishing their lives in a new country. This has implications for the role of men in promoting the health and well-being of their families. METHODS: Afghan community researchers conducted interviews with 30 Afghan women and men who had recently had a baby in Australia. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with health professionals working with families of refugee background...
March 2016: Birth
Mihoko Tanabe, Yusrah Nagujjah, Nirmal Rimal, Florah Bukania, Sandra Krause
The current literature recognizes the fact that persons with disabilities have historically been deprived of their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) rights. Little is known, however, about the situation for women, men, and adolescents with disabilities in humanitarian settings. The Women's Refugee Commission led a participatory research project with partners to explore the risks, needs, and barriers for refugees with disabilities to access SRH services, and the practical ways in which these challenges could be addressed...
2015: Sexuality and Disability
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Anna Gundlund, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen
The risk of giving birth to a stillborn child or a child with severe congenital anomaly is higher for women who have immigrated to Europe as compared to the majority population in the receiving country. The literature, however, reveals great differences between migrant groups, even within migrants from low-income countries, although there is no clear pattern regarding refugee or non-refugee status. This heterogeneity argues against a particular migration-related explanation. There are social disparities in stillbirth risk worldwide, and it has been suggested that the demonstrated ethnic disparity is a result of the socioeconomic disadvantage most migrants face...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Shuby Puthussery
This paper examines trends in perinatal outcomes among migrant mothers in the UK, and it explores potential contributors to disparities focusing on pregnancy, birth and the first year of life. Trends in perinatal outcomes indicate that ethnic minority grouping, regardless of migrant status, is a significant risk factor for unfavourable outcomes. It is unclear whether migrant status per se adds to this risk as within-group comparisons between UK-born and foreign-born women show variable findings. The role of biological and behavioural factors in producing excess unfavourable outcomes among ethnic minority mothers, although indicated, is yet to be fully understood...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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