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refugee pregnant

Nejimu Biza Zepro, Ahmed Tahir Ahmed
Maternal health service utilizations are poorly equipped, inaccessible, negligible, and not well documented in the pastoral society. This research describes a quantitative and qualitative study on the determinants of institutional delivery among pastoralists of Liben Zone with special emphasis on Filtu and Deka Suftu woredas of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The study was funded by the project "Fostering health care for refugees and pastoral communities in Somali Region, Ethiopia". This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
N Z Khan, H Muslima, A B Shilpi, S K Majumder, A E Khan
Cyclone Aila hit the South-West coast of Bangladesh in May 2009, when in Dacope Upazilla over 50,000 people were left homeless as climate refugees (CRs) for over two years. We determined neurodevelopmental status of children born as CRs compared to their non-Climate Refugee (NCR) counterparts. Pregnant mothers were enrolled from May 2009 to April 2010 in entire Dacope in a study which profiled their health conditions. From among these mothers, 12 months post-Aila 267 CR mother-child dyads, and 552 NCR mother-child dyads were enrolled to assess their children's neurodevelopmental outcomes...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
Cord Sunderkötter, Hermann Feldmeier, Regina Fölster-Holst, Bertram Geisel, Sabine Klinke-Rehbein, Alexander Nast, Sandra Philipp, Bernhardt Sachs, Julia Stingl, Johanna Stoevesandt, Henning Hamm
The goals of this German guideline are the improvement of diagnosis and therapy of scabies, the implementation of a coordinated action in outbreaks of scabies, and the control of this infestation in large migration or refugee flows.Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact of sufficient duration. The infectivity of female mites when removed from patients does not exceed 48 hours at room temperature (21°C) and relative humidity of 40-80%. The risk of infection rises proportionally to the number of mites on the skin and is particularly high in crusted scabies...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
Leigh Daynes
Over the last year, hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing war and persecution have travelled from the Middle East to Europe. Arduous journeys and poor living conditions are causing myriad health problems and access to basic healthcare is extremely limited for those on the move. At every stage of the journey, people are suffering, including after they settle in Europe. The difficulty in managing non-communicable diseases means that some refugees are not getting the treatment they need, which in the long term can have a significant adverse impact on their health...
October 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Taco J Prins, Margreet Trip-Hoving, Moo Kho Paw, Mar Le Ka, Nyo Nyo Win, Gay Htoo, Mu Kaw Hser, Kesinee Chotivanich, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: In populations with a high prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, practices that can induce haemolysis need to be identified to raise awareness of preventable risks. The aim of this survey was to determine the proportion of prospective mothers using haemolytic agents and their knowledge and practice surrounding neonatal jaundice. METHODS: Pregnant mothers were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey conducted at Shoklo Malaria Research Unit on the Thailand-Myanmar border...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Patricia Salisbury, Layla Hall, Sibylla Kulkus, Moo Kho Paw, Nay Win Tun, Aung Myat Min, Kesinee Chotivanich, Somjet Srikanok, Pranee Ontuwong, Supachai Sirinonthachai, François Nosten, Shawn Somerset, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Lack of data in marginalized populations on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) hampers efforts to improve modern contraceptive practice. A mixed methods study to better understand family planning KAP amongst refugee and migrant women on the Thailand-Myanmar border was conducted as part of an ongoing effort to improve reproductive health, particularly maternal mortality, through Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) antenatal and birthing services. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys and focus group discussions (FGDs) in currently pregnant women; and in-depth interviews (IDIs) in selected post-partum women with three children or more; were conducted...
August 19, 2016: Reproductive Health
Vidanka Vasilevski, Mary Carolan-Olah
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To discuss Ethiopian food taboos during pregnancy and their relation to maternal nutritional status and pregnancy outcomes. BACKGROUND: Recent waves of migration have seen large groups of Ethiopian refugees moving to countries around the globe. This is of concern as Ethiopian women are at risk of a number of medical and pregnancy complications. Health is further compromised by poor diet and adherence to cultural food beliefs and taboos. In refugee women, many of these factors correspond with significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications and poor birth outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
C Krüger, S Schuler-Lüttmann, T Haug, M Gantert, M Hermsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
Teresa Chulach, Marilou Gagnon, Dave Holmes
Increasingly HIV-positive refugee women are becoming pregnant. The objective of this qualitative study was to describe and explore the meaning and experience of pregnancy from the perspective of HIV-positive refugee women. The phenomenological analysis revealed 4 core themes. "Making up stories" for privacy and protection emerged as the first theme. The second theme illuminates 2 types of isolation: a double isolation based on refugee and HIV statuses, and isolation endured throughout the pregnancy. Being-in-Between describes the third theme...
April 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Tristan Banks, Joy Kang, Isabella Watts, Mary Ellen G Tyrosvoutis, Aung Myat Min, Nay Win Tun, Lily Keereecharoen, Wiriya Simmawong, Sunaree Wanyatip, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François Nosten, Rose McGready
INTRODUCTION: Infection from Hepatitis B primarily results from peri-partum vertical transmission and the risk increases in the presence of hepatitis B e antigen. We aimed to evaluate a new screening program for hepatitis B in pregnant women as a component of antenatal services in a marginalized population. METHODOLOGY: Counseling and screening for hepatitis B screening was offered to all women at the first visit, at Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) antenatal clinics on the Thai-Myanmar border...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Melody C Tondeur, U Núria Salse, Caroline Wilkinson, Paul Spiegel, Andrew J Seal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and adherence to daily doses of lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) among children and micronutrient powder (MNP) among children and pregnant and lactating women. DESIGN: Household interviews and sachet counting were conducted to measure acceptability and adherence, 15 and 30 d after product distribution. Qualitative information on product acceptability was collected using focus group discussions. SETTING: Saharawi refugee camps, Algeria, August-October 2009...
July 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Wolfgang Stuetz, Verena I Carrara, Rose Mc Gready, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Tilman Grune, Hans K Biesalski, François H Nosten
Micronutrient fortified flour (MFF), supplementary food rations and micronutrient (MN) supplements may prevent deficiencies among pregnant women. Objectives of cross-sectional surveys in 2004 (n = 533) and 2006 (n = 515) were to assess the impact of new food rations (flour, oil) and supplements on MN status by trimester of pregnancy in the Maela refugee camp. Hemoglobin, iron status, zinc, retinol, β-carotene and tryptophan decreased, while α-/γ-tocopherol and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) increased from first to third trimester...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
Elisha Riggs, Jane Yelland, Ramini Shankumar, Nicky Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable populations such as people with refugee backgrounds are at increased risk of poor oral health. Given that maternal characteristics play a significant role in the development of dental caries in children, antenatal care offers an opportunity to both provide information to women about the importance of maternal oral health and accessing dental care. Although pregnant women are recognised for 'priority' care under Victorian state-government policy, rarely do they attend...
January 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Marie-Clare Balaam, Carol Kingdon, Gill Thomson, Kenneth Finlayson, Soo Downe
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND OR CONTEXT: refugee and asylum seekers are over represented in maternal death data. Many asylum seeking and refugee women access maternity care infrequently, or not at all. Little is known about the role of voluntary sector workers in supporting pregnant refugees and asylum seekers. OBJECTIVE: to explore the experiences of voluntary sector workers supporting asylum seeking and refugee women during pregnancy and early motherhood. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive study...
March 2016: Midwifery
Emily Warren, Nathan Post, Mazeda Hossain, Karl Blanchet, Bayard Roberts
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) interventions delivered in humanitarian crises. SETTING: Crisis affected low-income or middle-income countries. PARTICIPANTS: Crisis-affected populations in low-income or middle-income countries. METHOD: Peer-reviewed and grey literature sources were systematically searched for relevant papers detailing interventions from 1 January 1980 until the search date on 30 April 2013...
2015: BMJ Open
Mihoko Tanabe, Yusrah Nagujjah, Nirmal Rimal, Florah Bukania, Sandra Krause
The current literature recognizes the fact that persons with disabilities have historically been deprived of their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) rights. Little is known, however, about the situation for women, men, and adolescents with disabilities in humanitarian settings. The Women's Refugee Commission led a participatory research project with partners to explore the risks, needs, and barriers for refugees with disabilities to access SRH services, and the practical ways in which these challenges could be addressed...
2015: Sexuality and Disability
Christina R Phares, Kashmira Date, Philippe Travers, Carole Déglise, Nuttapong Wongjindanon, Luis Ortega, Ponchanok Rattanadilok Na Bhuket
BACKGROUND: During 2005-2012, surveillance in Maela refugee camp, Thailand, identified four cholera outbreaks, with rates up to 10.7 cases per 1000 refugees. In 2013, the Thailand Ministry of Public Health sponsored a two-dose oral cholera vaccine (OCV) campaign for the approximately 46,000 refugees living in Maela. METHODS: We enumerated the target population (refugees living in Maela who are ≥1 year old and not pregnant) in a census three months before the campaign and issued barcoded OCV cards to each individual...
January 2, 2016: Vaccine
Collette Owens, Justine Dandy, Peter Hancock
BACKGROUND: Equality of care in pregnancy is important for all women, however can be difficult for healthcare providers to achieve. It has been found that culturally and linguistically diverse women born overseas generally have lower satisfaction with pregnancy care than women born in the host country. AIM: Using a phenomenological framework, and models of care as a conceptual framework, this study explored the perceptions of care experienced by refugees and migrant women of culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds who had participated in a community-based antenatal programme specialising in maternity care of multicultural women...
April 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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