keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chemokines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927140/itraq-coupled-2d-lc-ms-ms-analysis-of-cxcr7-transfected-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-cells-a-new-insight-into-cxcr7-regulation-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-progression-and-identification-of-potential-biomarkers
#1
Hengwei Zhang, Lei Yang, Zhangyi Liu, Chenxi Liu, Xuyong Teng, Lei Zhang, Bo Yin, Zhen Liu
Previous studies have demonstrated that C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR7) regulates papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) growth and metastasis; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation remain unclear. In the present study, the protein expression profiles of the PTC cell line GLAG-66 and GLAG-66 cells stably transfected with CXCR7 cDNA were analyzed and compared using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification-coupled two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927085/the-prognostic-implications-of-growth-related-gene-product-%C3%AE-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Mingming Tang, Xinjiang Xu, Juanjuan Chen, Jiangfei Huang, Bin Jiang, Liang Han
Growth-related gene product β (GROβ) is an angiogenic chemokine that belongs to the CXC chemokine family, and a number of studies have suggested that GROβ is associated with tumor development and progression. However, a number of studies have investigated the association between GROβ expression and the clinical attributes of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). In the present study, one-step quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analysis were used to detect GROβ expression and evaluate the association between its expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of LSCC...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927006/emerging-roles-of-heparanase-in-viral-pathogenesis
#3
REVIEW
Neel Thakkar, Tejabhiram Yadavalli, Dinesh Jaishankar, Deepak Shukla
Heparan sulfate (HS) is ubiquitously expressed on mammalian cells. It is a polysaccharide that binds growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines, and thereby controls several important physiological functions. Ironically, many human pathogens including viruses interact with it for adherence to host cells. HS functions can be regulated by selective modifications and/or selective cleavage of the sugar chains from the cell surface. In mammals, heparanase (HPSE) is the only known enzyme capable of regulating HS functions via a selective endoglycosidase activity that cleaves polymeric HS chains at internal sites...
September 18, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925907/atrial-fibrillation-ablation-increases-inflammation-chemokine-modulation-suppresses-activation-of-leukocytes-isolated-after-ablation
#4
Alexandra Lucas, Mohammad Al-Ani, Sriram Ambadapadi, Jordan R Yaron, Donghang Zheng, Adisson Fortunel, Maia Doroton-Guevara, Liying Liu, Sufi Morshed, Jay Fricker, William Miles, Matthew McKillop
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is associated with increased circulating markers of inflammation. Innate immune, or inflammation, pathways up-regulate mononuclear cell responses and may increase risk for recurrent arrhythmia. Chemokines and serine protease coagulation pathways both activate innate immune responses. Here, we measured inflammatory markers in peripheral blood samples from patients after cryoballoon and/or radiofrequency pulmonary vein isolation and assessed the capacity for inhibition of chemokine and serine protease pathways to block cell activation...
September 18, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924126/development-of-epstein-barr-virus-related-primary-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-a-patient-with-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-not-otherwise-specified-after-mogamulizumab-treatment
#5
Hiroaki Tanaka, Hanako Aoki, Yasumasa Sugita, Ryo Shimizu, Katsunari Kiko, Hidetoshi Mochida, Yoshio Suzuki
Mogamulizumab is a defucosylated humanized anti-CC chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4) antibody that exerts an anti-tumor immune effect against various tumors through a suppressive effect on regulatory T-cells. We herein report a patient with peripheral T-cell lymphoma who developed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS DLBCL) after mogamulizumab therapy. Our experience should alert physicians to the possibility of the development of EBV-related CNS DLBCL in patients treated for primary lymphoma and suggests that the anti-tumor immune effect of mogamulizumab is ineffective for the prophylaxis of EBV-related lymphomas...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923935/retinoid-x-receptor-suppresses-a-metastasis-promoting-transcriptional-program-in-myeloid-cells-via-a-ligand-insensitive-mechanism
#6
Mate Kiss, Zsolt Czimmerer, Gergely Nagy, Pawel Bieniasz-Krzywiec, Manuel Ehling, Attila Pap, Szilard Poliska, Pal Boto, Petros Tzerpos, Attila Horvath, Zsuzsanna Kolostyak, Bence Daniel, Istvan Szatmari, Massimiliano Mazzone, Laszlo Nagy
Retinoid X receptor (RXR) regulates several key functions in myeloid cells, including inflammatory responses, phagocytosis, chemokine secretion, and proangiogenic activity. Its importance, however, in tumor-associated myeloid cells is unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that deletion of RXR in myeloid cells enhances lung metastasis formation while not affecting primary tumor growth. We show that RXR deficiency leads to transcriptomic changes in the lung myeloid compartment characterized by increased expression of prometastatic genes, including important determinants of premetastatic niche formation...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923781/low-dose-of-alcohol-attenuates-pro-atherosclerotic-activity-of-thrombin
#7
Masaaki Toda, Toshiaki Totoki, Chizu Nakamura, Taro Yasuma, Corina N D' Alessandro-Gabazza, Rumi Mifuji-Moroka, Kota Nishihama, Motoh Iwasa, Noriyuki Horiki, Esteban C Gabazza, Yoshiyuki Takei
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Thrombin, the active enzyme of the coagulation system, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Vascular repair promoted by stromal cell-derived factor-1 is a protective process in atherosclerosis. Consumption of low amount of alcohol is believed to reduce the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease but the mechanism is unclear. This study evaluated whether alcohol can modulate the expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 and the pro-atherosclerotic activity of thrombin...
September 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923684/ikk%C3%AE-activation-in-the-fetal-lung-mesenchyme-alters-lung-vascular-development-but-not-airway-morphogenesis
#8
Alyssa M McCoy, Jennifer L Herington, Ashley N Stouch, Anamika B Mukherjee, Omar Lakhdari, Timothy S Blackwell, Lawrence S Prince
In the immature lung, inflammation and injury disrupt epithelial-mesenchymal interactions required for normal development. Innate immune signaling and NF-κB activation disrupt the normal expression of multiple mesenchymal genes playing key roles in airway branching and alveolar formation. To test the role of the NF-κB pathway specifically in lung mesenchyme, we utilized the mesenchymal Twist2-Cre to drive expression of a constitutively active IKKβ mutant (IKKβca) in developing mice. Embryonic Twist2-IKKβca mice were generated in expected numbers and appeared grossly normal...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923356/subcutaneous-injections-of-aluminum-at-vaccine-adjuvant-levels-activate-innate-immune-genes-in-mouse-brain-that-are-homologous-with-biomarkers-of-autism
#9
Dan Li, Lucija Tomljenovic, Yongling Li, Christopher A Shaw
Autism is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized by immune dysfunction. It is manifested in early childhood, during a window of early developmental vulnerability where the normal developmental trajectory is most susceptible to xenobiotic insults. Aluminum (Al) vaccine adjuvants are xenobiotics with immunostimulating and neurotoxic properties to which infants worldwide are routinely exposed. To investigate Al's immune and neurotoxic impact in vivo, we tested the expression of 17 genes which are implicated in both autism and innate immune response in brain samples of Al-injected mice in comparison to control mice...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923349/katp-channel-block-inhibits-the-toll-like-receptor-2-mediated-stimulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-by-suppressing-the-activation-of-akt-mtor-jnk-and-p38-mapk
#10
Yoon Jeong Nam, Arum Kim, Min Sung Lee, Dong Suep Sohn, Chung Soo Lee
Changes in the KATP channel activity have been shown to regulate inflammation and immune responses. Using human keratinocytes, we investigated the effect of KATP channel inhibition on inflammatory mediator production in relation to the Toll like receptor-2-mediated-Akt, mTOR and NF-κB pathways, as well as JNK and p38-MAPK, which regulate the transcription genes involved in immune and inflammatory responses. 5-Hydroxydecanoate (a selective KATP channel blocker), glibenclamide (a cell surface and mitochondrial KATP channel inhibitor), the Akt inhibitor, rapamycin, Bay 11-7085 and N-acetylcysteine reduced the lipoteichoic acid- or peptidoglycan-induced production of cytokines and chemokines, and production of reactive oxygen species and increased the levels and activities of Kir 6...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923105/genetic-engineering-of-human-nk-cells-to-express-cxcr2-improves-migration-to-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Veronika Kremer, Maarten Ligtenberg, Rosa Zendehdel, Christina Seitz, Annet Duivenvoorden, Erik Wennerberg, Eugenia Colón, Ann-Helén Scherman-Plogell, Andreas Lundqvist
BACKGROUND: Adoptive natural killer (NK) cell transfer is being increasingly used as cancer treatment. However, clinical responses have so far been limited to patients with hematological malignancies. A potential limiting factor in patients with solid tumors is defective homing of the infused NK cells to the tumor site. Chemokines regulate the migration of leukocytes expressing corresponding chemokine receptors. Various solid tumors, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC), readily secrete ligands for the chemokine receptor CXCR2...
September 19, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922951/a-retrospective-study-of-cytokine-profiles-changes-in-mice-with-fviii-inhibitor-development-after-aav-mediated-gene-therapy-in-hemophilia-a-mouse-model
#12
Junjiang Sun, Zhenhua Yuan, Yasmina L Abajas, Dorreen E Szollosi, Genlin Hu, Baolai Hua, Xiao Xiao, Chengwen Li
The development of inhibitory autoantibodies to the infused clotting factor VIII is a major complication for severe hemophilia A management. Novel therapy options for hemophilia have significantly progressed in the last decade and a gene therapy cure for hemophilia is translating into reality. However, mechanistic studies of FVIII autoantibodies (FVIII inhibitors) have lagged behind and remain a challenge for both protein replacement and gene therapy. FVIII inhibitor formation is assumed to be a classical T cell-dependent immune response in which cytokines/chemokines play an important role...
September 19, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#13
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922428/diminished-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-net-formation-is-a-novel-innate-immune-deficiency-induced-by-acute-ethanol-exposure-in-polymicrobial-sepsis-which-can-be-rescued-by-cxcl1
#14
Liliang Jin, Sanjay Batra, Samithamby Jeyaseelan
Polymicrobial sepsis is the result of an exaggerated host immune response to bacterial pathogens. Animal models and human studies demonstrate that acute alcohol intoxication is a key risk factor for sepsis-induced mortality. Multiple chemokines, such as CXCL1, CXCL2 and CXCL5 are critical for neutrophil recruitment and proper function of neutrophils. However, it is not quite clear the mechanisms by which acute alcohol suppresses immune responses and whether alcohol-induced immunosuppression can be rescued by chemokines...
September 18, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922396/biochemical-and-immunological-characterization-of-a-novel-monoclonal-antibody-against-mouse-leukotriene-b4-receptor-1
#15
Fumiyuki Sasaki, Tomoaki Koga, Kazuko Saeki, Toshiaki Okuno, Saiko Kazuno, Tsutomu Fujimura, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Takehiko Yokomizo
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor 1 (BLT1) is a G protein-coupled receptor expressed in various leukocyte subsets; however, the precise expression of mouse BLT1 (mBLT1) has not been reported because a mBLT1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) has not been available. In this study, we present the successful establishment of a hybridoma cell line (clone 7A8) that produces a high-affinity mAb for mBLT1 by direct immunization of BLT1-deficient mice with mBLT1-overexpressing cells. The specificity of clone 7A8 was confirmed using mBLT1-overexpressing cells and mouse peripheral blood leukocytes that endogenously express BLT1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921877/analysis-of-infantile-fibrosarcoma-reveals-extensive-t-cell-responses-within-tumors-implications-for-immunotherapy
#16
Hua Zhu, Song Gu, Minzhi Yin, Min Shi, Chao Xin, Jianmin Zhu, Jing Wang, Siqi Huang, Chenjie Xie, Jing Ma, Ci Pan, Jingyan Tang, Min Xu, Xue-Feng Bai
BACKGROUND: Infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is a rare pediatric malignancy with relatively good prognosis, but the risk of progression or recurrence after therapy exists. To understand the immune microenvironment of IFS and determine if immunotherapy is a potential treatment, we analyzed T-cell responses in IFS tumors. PROCEDURE: IFS tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and multicolor flow cytometry to characterize immune cell infiltration and function. Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were expanded in vitro and evaluated for recognition of autologous tumor cells...
September 17, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921726/chlamydia-trachomatis-regulates-innate-immune-barrier-integrity-and-mediates-cytokine-and-antimicrobial-responses-in-human-uterine-ecc-1-epithelial-cells
#17
Lucy Rudo Mukura, Danica K Hickey, Marta Rodriguez-Garcia, John V Fahey, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and known to increase the risk for HIV acquisition. Few studies have investigated how infection of epithelial cells compromises barrier integrity and antimicrobial response. METHOD OF STUDY: ECC-1 cells, a human uterine epithelial cell line, were treated with live and heat-killed C. trachomatis. Epithelial barrier integrity measured as transepithelial resistance (TER), chemokines antimicrobial levels, and antimicrobial mRNA expression was measured by ELISA and Real-time RT-PCR...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921465/emerging-roles-for-epigenetic-programming-in-the-control-of-inflammatory-signaling-integration-in-heath-and-disease
#18
Yiqun Hu, Feng Yan, Le Ying, Dakang Xu
Macrophages and dendritic cells initiate the innate immune response to infection and injury and contribute to inflammatory signaling to maintain the homeostasis of various tissues, which includes resident macrophages for the elimination of invading microorganisms and tissue damage. Inappropriate inflammatory signaling can lead to persistent inflammation and further develop into autoimmune and inflammation-associated diseases. Inflammatory signaling pathways have been well characterized, but how these signaling pathways are converted into sustained and diverse patterns of expression of cytokines, chemokines, and other genes in response to environmental challenges is unclear...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920945/neutrophils-a-cornerstone-of-liver-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#19
Thiago Henrique Caldeira de Oliveira, Pedro Elias Marques, Paul Proost, Mauro Martins M Teixeira
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality due to graft rejection after liver transplantation. During IRI, an intense inflammatory process occurs in the liver. This hepatic inflammation is initiated by the ischemic period but occurs mainly during the reperfusion phase, and is characterized by a large neutrophil recruitment to the liver. Production of cytokines, chemokines, and danger signals results in activation of resident hepatocytes, leukocytes, and Kupffer cells. The role of neutrophils as the main amplifiers of liver injury in IRI has been recognized in many publications...
September 18, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920417/effects-of-deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-contaminated-feed-on-the-gene-expression-profiles-in-the-kidneys-of-piglets
#20
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, Woong Lee, Jin Young Jeong, Yookyung Lee, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Min Seok Kim, Dong-Woon Kim, Dongjo Yu, Ara Cho, Young Kyoon Oh, Sung Dae Lee
Objective: Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN), common contaminants in the feed of farm animals, cause immune function impairment and organ inflammation. Consequently, the main objective of this study was to elucidate DON and ZEN effects on the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and other immune related genes in the kidneys of piglets. Methods: Fifteen 6-week-old piglets were randomly assigned to three dietary treatments for 4 weeks: control diet, and diets contaminated with either 8 mg DON/kg feed or 0...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
keyword
keyword
49166
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"