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DC Factors

Jiyoun Min, Dongchan Yang Sung, Mirang Kim, Keeok Haam, Anji Yoo, Jae-Hoon Choi, Barbara U Schraml, Yong Sung Kim, Dongsup Kim, Suk-Jo Kang
The spatiotemporal regulation of immune cells in lymph nodes (LNs) is crucial for mounting protective T-cell responses, which are orchestrated by dendritic cells (DCs). However, it is unclear how the DC subsets are altered by the inflammatory milieu of LNs. Here, we show that the inflamed LNs of Listeria-infected mice are characterized by the clustering of neutrophils and monocytes and IFN-γ production. Significantly, the early inflammatory responses are coupled with the differentiation of not one, but two types of CD64+ CD11c+ MHCII+ inflammatory DCs...
March 16, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Jarrod S Johnson, Sasha Y Lucas, Lynn M Amon, Stephanie Skelton, Rodolfo Nazitto, Sara Carbonetti, D Noah Sather, Dan R Littman, Alan Aderem
Myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) have the innate capacity to sense pathogens and orchestrate immune responses. However, DCs do not mount efficient immune responses to HIV-1, primarily due to restriction of virus reverse transcription, which prevents accumulation of viral cDNA and limits its detection through the cGAS-STING pathway. By allowing reverse transcription to proceed, we find that DCs detect HIV-1 in distinct phases, before and after virus integration. Blocking integration suppresses, but does not abolish, activation of the transcription factor IRF3, downstream interferon (IFN) responses, and DC maturation...
March 14, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
Yu V Pilipenko, An N Konovalov, Sh Sh Eliava, O B Belousova, D N Okishev, I A Sazonov, T F Tabasaranskiy
In recent years, the so-called primary or preventive decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been increasingly used in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The main goal of the technique is prevention of refractory intracranial hypertension (ICH) and its consequences. PURPOSE: The study purpose was to define the CT criteria for reasonability and efficacy of DC as well as clarification of the indications for preventive DC in patients with SAH after microsurgical aneurysm exclusion...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Dongjiao Wang, Sujun Gao, Jintong Chen, Yinghua Zhao, Yuxue Jiang, Xiao Chu, Xiaohua Wang, Ning Liu, Tianxue Qin, Qing Yi, Ying Yue, Siqing Wang
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a potent contributor to antiviral immune responses and antitumor immunity. We recently discovered that IL-33 is overexpressed in dectin-1-activated dendritic cells (DCs). However, mechanisms of dectin-1-induced IL-33 expression in DCs remain elusive. Curdlan, an agonist of dectin-1, was used to mature DCs in this study. We found that dectin-1-induced IL-33 expression in DCs relies on Syk and Raf-1 pathways. By using nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitors, we also found that dectin-1-induced IL-33 expression relies on NF-κB signaling...
March 14, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Shelley A Deeke, Amanda E Starr, Zhibin Ning, Sara Ahmadi, Xu Zhang, Janice Mayne, Cheng-Kang Chiang, Ruth Singleton, Eric I Benchimol, David R Mack, Alain Stintzi, Daniel Figeys
OBJECTIVE: Improved biomarkers are an unmet clinical need for suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Need is greatest for children, since current biomarkers suffers from low specificity, particularly in this population; thus, invasive testing methods, with the accompanying risk of complications, are necessary. Additionally, current biomarkers do not delineate disease extent assessment for ulcerative colitis (UC), a factor involved in therapeutic decisions. METHODS: Intestinal mucosal-luminal interface (MLI) aspirates from the ascending colon (AC) and descending colon (DC) were collected during diagnostic colonoscopy from treatment-naïve children...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Andréa Silva Garcia de Figueiredo-Rinhel, Micássio Fernandes de Andrade, Ana Paula Landi-Librandi, Ana Elisa Caleiro Seixas Azzolini, Luciana Mariko Kabeya, Jairo Kenupp Bastos, Yara Maria Lucisano-Valim
The aerial parts of Baccharis dracunculifolia (BdE) is used in the Brazilian folk medicine to treat inflammatory conditions. Here we examined the ability of free and liposomal BdE to modulate reactive oxygen species generation in human neutrophils in vitro and zymosan-induced acute joint inflammation in Wistar rats. We prepared biocompatible liposomes of soya phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol with low diameter, homogeneous size distribution, and neutral surface charge. Free BdE decreased joint swelling, total leucocyte and neutrophil infiltration, and the synovial levels of tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukins 6 and 1β...
March 12, 2018: Natural Product Research
Nitesh Mishra, Madhav Mohata, Heena Aggarwal, Omkar Chaudhary, Bimal Kumar Das, Sanjeev Sinha, Anjali Hazarika, Kalpana Luthra
During infection and budding, human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) acquires regulators of Complement Activation (RCAs) along with the host cell membrane on the viral envelope. Activation of host complement system results in opsonization of virus by complement fragments, however the virus evades complement mediated lysis (CoML) by virtue of the RCAs on the viral envelope. The RCAs on HIV-1 envelope process complement protein C3 into various fragments that promote viral entry and infection of cells through different complement receptors...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Wei Guo, Shengnan Liu, Zhiming Dong, Yanli Guo, Chunyan Ding, Supeng Shen, Jia Liang, Baoen Shan
Downregulation and aberrant hypermethylation of long non-coding RNA CTC-276P9.1 have been detected in limited tumors. However, the distribution of methylated CpG sites and biological role of CTC-276P9.1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) progression and prognosis have not been fully clarified. The present study was to investigate the expression status and the distribution of methylated CpG sites within the three CpG islands of CTC-276P9.1, further to clarify its functional role and prognostic value in ESCC development and prognosis...
March 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Mazen A Juratli, Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin, Hans Ackermann, Nils Habbe, Sabine Hannes, Wolf O Bechstein, Guido Woeste
PURPOSE: The incidence of incisional hernia (IH) at ileostomy closure site has not been sufficiently evaluated. Temporary loop ileostomy is routinely used in patients after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. The goal of this study was to compare the IH rates of standard suture skin closure and purse-string skin closure techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing ileostomy reversal and follow-up CT scan at the University Hospital Frankfurt between January 2009 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed regarding IH and associated risk factors...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sally A F El-Sahrigy, Azza M O Abdel Rahman, Dalia Y Samaha, Nesrine A Mohamed, Sally M Saber, Hala A Talkhan, Ghada A Ismail, Essam M Ibraheem, Emad M Riad
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a huge worldwide burden, despite extensive vaccination coverage with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), the only vaccine available against this disease, indicating that BCG-driven immunity is inadequate to protect the human population against TB. This underscore the critical necessitate to develop an improved TB vaccine, based on a better understanding of host-pathogen interactions and immune responses during mycobacterial infection. AIM OF THE WORK: To examine whether the exogenous addition of IFN-β could improve dendritic cell (DC) response to Mycobacterium bovis (M...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Edna Garcia, Iman Kundu, Asma Ali, Ryan Soles
Objectives: To determine the extent and distribution of workforce shortages within the nation's medical laboratories. Methods: The 2016-2017 Vacancy Survey was conducted through collaboration between the American Society for Clinical Pathology's Institute of Science, Technology, & Policy in Washington, DC, and the Evaluation, Measurement, and Assessment division and Board of Certification in Chicago, Illinois. Data were collected via an internet survey that was distributed to individuals who were able to report on staffing and certifications for their laboratories...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Daisuke Kurotaki, Jun Nakabayashi, Akira Nishiyama, Haruka Sasaki, Wataru Kawase, Naofumi Kaneko, Kyoko Ochiai, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Keiko Ozato, Yutaka Suzuki, Tomohiko Tamura
Monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs), mononuclear phagocytes essential for immune responses, develop from hematopoietic stem cells via monocyte-DC progenitors (MDPs). The molecular basis of their development remains unclear. Because promoter-distal enhancers are key to cell fate decisions, we analyzed enhancer landscapes during mononuclear phagocyte development in vivo. Monocyte- and DC-specific enhancers were gradually established at progenitor stages before the expression of associated genes. Of the transcription factors predicted to bind to these enhancers, IRF8, essential for monocyte and DC development, was found to be required for the establishment of these enhancers, particularly those common to both monocyte and DC lineages...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
Rui Xu, Wenbin Chen, Zhifen Zhang, Yang Qiu, Yong Wang, Bingchang Zhang, Wei Lu
Bone-Marrow Stromal Cells (BMSCs)-derived vascular endothelial cells (VECs) is regarded as an important therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury, disc degeneration, cerebral ischemic disease and diabetes. The change in DNA methylation level is essential for stem cell differentiation. However, the DNA methylation related mechanisms underlying the endothelial differentiation of BMSCs are not well understood. In this study, DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) significantly elevated the endothelial markers expression (CD31/PECAM1, CD105/ENG, eNOS and VE-cadherin), as well as promoted the capacity of angiogenesis on Matrigel...
March 4, 2018: Gene
Yoshimasa Miyagawa, Yosuke Matsushita, Hiromu Suzuki, Masato Komatsu, Tetsuro Yoshimaru, Ryuichiro Kimura, Ayako Yanai, Junko Honda, Akira Tangoku, Mitsunori Sasa, Yasuo Miyoshi, Toyomasa Katagiri
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), defined as breast cancer lacking estrogen- and progesterone‑receptor expression and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) amplification, is a heterogeneous disease. RNA-sequencing analysis of 15 TNBC specimens and The Cancer Genome Atlas-TNBC dataset analysis identified the frequent downregulation of leucine-rich repeat-containing 26 (LRRC26), which negatively regulates nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling, in TNBC tissues. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and bisulfite pyrosequencing analyses revealed that LRRC26 was frequently silenced in TNBC tissues and cell lines as a result of promoter methylation...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Najmeh Khosravianfar, Jamshid Hadjati, Afshin Namdar, Roobina Boghozian, Morteza Hafezi, Mahboubeh Ashourpour, Nasim Kheshtchin, Mahsa Banitalebi, Reza Mirzaei, Seyed Alireza Razavi
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are capable of suppressing the immune response. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) compared to other chemotherapy drugs have shown considerable decreases in the number of MDSCs without visible effects on T, B and natural killer cells, as well as dendritic cells (DCs). DC-based vaccines considered to be appropriate candidates for cancer immunotherapy. However, due to the presence of various factors like MDSCs in tumor microenvironment, DC vaccine cannot effectively perform its function...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Nicola H Perry, Jae Jin Kim, Harry L Tuller
We compare approaches to measure oxygen surface exchange kinetics, by simultaneous optical transmission relaxation (OTR) and AC-impedance spectroscopy (AC-IS), on the same mixed conducting SrTi0.65 Fe0.35 O3-x film. Surface exchange coefficients were evaluated as a function of oxygen activity in the film, controlled by gas partial pressure and/or DC bias applied across the ionically conducting yttria-stabilized zirconia substrate. Changes in measured light transmission through the film over time (relaxations) resulted from optical absorption changes in the film corresponding to changes in its oxygen and oxidized Fe (~Fe4+ ) concentrations; such relaxation profiles were successfully described by the equation for surface exchange-limited kinetics appropriate for the film geometry...
2018: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Bhushan Dharmadhikari, Emily Nickles, Zulkarnain Harfuddin, Nur Diana Binte Ishak, Qun Zeng, Antonio Bertoletti, Herbert Schwarz
Therapeutic tumor vaccination based on dendritic cells (DC) is safe; however, its efficacy is low. Among the reasons for only a subset of patients benefitting from DC-based immunotherapy is an insufficient potency of in vitro generated classical DCs (cDCs), made by treating monocytes with GM-CSF + IL-4 + maturation factors. Recent studies demonstrated that CD137L (4-1BBL, TNFSF9) signaling differentiates human monocytes to a highly potent novel type of DC (CD137L-DCs) which have an inflammatory phenotype and are closely related to in vivo DCs...
March 5, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Susana Beceiro, Attila Pap, Zsolt Czimmerer, Tamer Sallam, Jose A Guillén, Germán Gallardo, Cynthia Hong, Noelia A-Gonzalez, Carlos Tabraue, Mercedes Diaz, Felix Lopez, Jonathan Matalonga, Annabel F Valledor, Pilar Dominguez, Carlos Ardavin, Cristina Delgado-Martin, Santiago Partida-Sanchez, Jose Luis Rodriguez-Fernandez, Laszlo Nagy, Peter Tontonoz, Antonio Castrillo
The liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated nuclear receptors with established roles in the maintenance of lipid homeostasis in multiple tissues. LXRs exert additional biological functions as negative regulators of inflammation, particularly in macrophages. However, the transcriptional responses controlled by LXRs in other myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells (DC), are still poorly understood. Here we used gain- and loss-of-function models to characterize the impact of LXR deficiency on DC activation programs...
March 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Keishi Adachi, Yosuke Kano, Tomohiko Nagai, Namiko Okuyama, Yukimi Sakoda, Koji Tamada
Infiltration, accumulation, and survival of chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells in solid tumors is crucial for tumor clearance. We engineered CAR-T cells to express interleukin (IL)-7 and CCL19 (7 × 19 CAR-T cells), as these factors are essential for the maintenance of T-cell zones in lymphoid organs. In mice, 7 × 19 CAR-T cells achieved complete regression of pre-established solid tumors and prolonged mouse survival, with superior anti-tumor activity compared to conventional CAR-T cells. Histopathological analyses showed increased infiltration of dendritic cells (DC) and T cells into tumor tissues following 7 × 19 CAR-T cell therapy...
March 5, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
Helen Singleton, Simon P Graham, Jean-Pierre Frossard, Katherine B Bodman-Smith, Falko Steinbach
Monocytes are considered refractory to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus type 1 (PRRSV-1) infection. However, monocytes are only short-lived in blood, being able to differentiate into macrophages and dendritic cells (DC). It was therefore merited to revisit PRRSV-1 interaction with monocytes, particularly those treated with cytokines influencing monocyte biology. Thus, several factors were screened, particularly those modulating monocyte differentiation and expression of putative PRRSV-1 receptors (CD169 and CD163)...
March 1, 2018: Virology
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