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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448446/renalase-protects-against-renal-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-activation-of-the-erk-signaling-pathways
#1
Yiru Wu, Liyan Wang, Dai Deng, Qidong Zhang, Wenhu Liu
Renal interstitial fibrosis is a common pathway for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage renal disease. Renalase, acting as a signaling molecule, has been reported to have cardiovascular and renal protective effects. However, its role in renal fibrosis remains unknown. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of renalase in rats with complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and examined the inhibitory effects of renalase on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human proximal renal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448438/antiplatelet-activity-of-a-newly-synthesized-novel-ruthenium-ii-a-potential-role-for-akt-jnk-signaling
#2
Themmila Khamrang, Kuo-Chen Hung, Chih-Hsuan Hsia, Cheng-Ying Hsieh, Marappan Velusamy, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Joen-Rong Sheu
In oncotherapy, ruthenium complexes are considered as potential alternatives for platinum compounds, and have been proved as promising anticancer drugs with high efficacy and lesser side effects. Platelet activation plays a major role in cancer metastasis and progression. Hence, this study explored the effect of a newly synthesized ruthenium complex, [Ru(η⁶-cymene)(L)Cl]BF₄(TQ5), where L = 4-phenyl-2-pyridin-2-yl-quinazoline), on human platelet activation. TQ5 (3-5 µM) inhibited concentration-dependent collagen-induced platelet aggregation in washed human platelets...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447781/artemisinin-protectes-retinal-neuronal-cells-against-oxidative-stress-and-restores-rat-retinal-physiological-function-from-light-exposed-damage
#3
Fengxia Yan, Hai-Tao Wang, Yang Gao, Jiang-Ping Xu, Wenhua Zheng
Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of severe visual loss and blindness in the aging population which lacks any effective treatments currently. In this study, artemisinin, a well-known anti-malarial drug was found to suppress hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cell death in retinal neuronal RGC-5 cells. Artemisinin, in the therapeutically relevant dosage, concentration-dependently attenuated the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), increased mitochondrial mitochondrial membrane potential and decreased cell apoptosis in RGC-5 cells induced by H2O2...
April 27, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446726/low-concentration-of-bpa-induces-mice-spermatocytes-apoptosis-via-gpr30
#4
Chaoliang Wang, Jianxiang Zhang, Qi Li, Tianbiao Zhang, Zishi Deng, Jing Lian, Donghui Jia, Rui Li, Tao Zheng, Xiaoju Ding, Fan Yang, Chao Ma, Rui Wang, Weixing Zhang, Jian Guo Wen
Bisphenol A (BPA) acts as xenoestrogen and has a great impact on disorders of human reproductive system. However, the mechanism through which BPA can affect human testicular function remains to be indentified. GPR30 is a novel membrane estrogen receptor with high-affinity and low-capacity binding to estrogens. We demonstrated that estrogen receptor α (ERα), estrogen receptor β (ERβ) as well as GPR30 are expressed in mouse spermatocyte-derived GC-2 cells using Real-time PCR. We treated the cells with different doses of BPA and found that even low doses of BPA can inhibit GC-2 cell growth using MTT assay...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446365/corrigendum-to-oldenlandia-diffusa-suppresses-metastatic-potential-through-inhibiting-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-and-intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-expression-via-p38-and-erk1-2-mapk-pathways-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells-j-ethnopharmacol
#5
Tae-Wook Chung, Hyunju Choi, Ji-Min Lee, Sun-Hyung Ha, Choong-Hwan Kwak, Fukushi Abekura, Jun-Young Park, Young-Chae Chang, Ki-Tae Ha, Seung-Hak Cho, Hyeun Wook Chang, Young-Choon Lee, Cheorl-Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445952/socs3-inhibits-the-pathological-effects-of-il-22-in-non-melanoma-skin-tumor-derived-keratinocytes
#6
Stefania Madonna, Claudia Scarponi, Martina Morelli, Rosanna Sestito, Pasqualina Liana Scognamiglio, Daniela Marasco, Cristina Albanesi
Basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous-cell carcinomas (SCC) are common malignancies in humans, caused by neoplastic transformation of keratinocytes of the basal or suprabasal layers of epidermis, respectively. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are frequently found in BCC and SCC, and functionally promote epithelial carcinogenesis. TILs secreting IL-22, in particular, participate to BCC and SCC growth by inducing keratinocyte proliferation and migration, as well as the expression of inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenic genes...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445541/iqgap1-is-an-oncogenic-target-in-canine-melanoma
#7
Becky H Lee, Poornima H Neela, Michael S Kent, Ashley M Zehnder
Canine oral mucosal melanoma is an aggressive malignant neoplasm and is characterized by local infiltration and a high metastatic potential. The disease progression is similar to that of human oral melanomas. Whereas human cutaneous melanoma is primarily driven by activating mutations in Braf (60%) or Nras (20%), human mucosal melanoma harbors these mutations much less frequently. This makes therapeutic targeting and research modeling of the oral form potentially different from that of the cutaneous form in humans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445005/proteomic-based-investigations-on-the-mode-of-action-of-the-marine-anticancer-compound-rhizochalinin
#8
Sergey A Dyshlovoy, Katharina Otte, Simone Venz, Jessica Hauschild, Heike Junker, Tatyana N Makarieva, Stefan Balabanov, Winfried H Alsdorf, Ramin Madanchi, Friedemann Honecker, Carsten Bokemeyer, Valentin A Stonik, Gunhild von Amsberg
Rhizochalinin (Rhiz) is a novel marine natural sphingolipid-like compound which shows promising in vitro and in vivo activity in human castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). In the present study, a global proteome screening approach was applied to investigate molecular targets and biological processes affected by Rhiz in CRPC. Bioinformatical analysis of the data predicted an anti-migratory effect of Rhiz on cancer cells. Validation of proteins involved in the cancer-associated processes, including cell migration and invasion, revealed down-regulation of specific isoforms of stathmin and LASP1, as well as up-regulation of Grp75, keratin 81, and precursor IL-1β by Rhiz...
April 26, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444900/lactosylceramide-induced-phosphorylation-signaling-to-group-iva-phospholipase-a2-via-reactive-oxygen-species-in-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-treated-cells
#9
Hiroyuki Nakamura, Yuta Moriyama, Kazuaki Watanabe, Satoshi Tomizawa, Risa Yamazaki, Hiromasa Takahashi, Toshihiko Murayama
The activity of α-type cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 α, group IVA PLA2 ), which releases arachidonic acid (AA), is mainly regulated by the Ca(2+) -induced intracellular translocation/attachment of the enzyme to substrate membranes and its phosphorylation. We previously reported that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulated the formation of lactosylceramide (LacCer) in L929 fibroblast cells, and this lipid directly bound with and activated cPLA2 α [Nakamura et al., J. Biol. Chem. 2013;288:23264-23272]...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444738/factors-influencing-biased-agonism-in-recombinant-cells-expressing-the-human-%C3%AE-1a-adrenoceptor
#10
Edilson Dantas da Silva Junior, Masaaki Sato, Jon Merlin, Natalie Broxton, Dana S Hutchinson, Sabatino Ventura, Bronwyn A Evans, Roger J Summers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Agonists acting at G protein-coupled receptors promote biased signalling via Gα or Gβγ subunits, G protein-coupled receptor kinases and β-arrestins. Since demonstration of biased agonism has implications for drug discovery, it is essential to consider confounding factors contributing to bias. We have examined bias at human α1A -adrenoceptors stably expressed at low levels in CHO-K1 cells, identifying off-target effects at endogenous receptors that contribute to ERK1/2 phosphorylation in response to the agonist oxymetazoline...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443465/bauerenol-a-triterpenoid-from-indian-suregada-angustifolia-induces-reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-p38mapk-activation-and-apoptosis-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hepg2-cells
#11
Perumal Sathish Kumar, Madepalli Byrappa Gowdu Viswanathan, Muthappan Venkatesan, Kedike Balakrishna
The triterpenoid, bauerenol, from Suregada angustifolia (Baill. ex Muell.-Arg.) Airy Shaw (Euphorbiaceae) was screened for anti-cancer property using hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2. Bauerenol exhibited growth inhibitory and apoptosis inducing potential against HepG2 cancer cells. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide cytotoxic assay revealed that bauerenol treatment significantly reduced the growth of HepG2 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner with 50% growth inhibitory concentration doses of 45 and 25 µg/mL at 24 and 48 h treatments, respectively...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443293/dataset-of-effect-of-wogonin-a-natural-flavonoid-on-the-viability-and-activation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapks-in-il-1%C3%AE-stimulated-human-oa-chondrocytes
#12
Nazir M Khan, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad Y Ansari, Pratap Devarapalli, Sara Haynie, Tariq M Haqqi
This article contains data related to the article "Wogonin, a plant derived small molecule exerts potent anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects through activation of ROS/ERK/Nrf2 signaling pathways in human Osteoarthritis chondrocytes" (Khan et al. 2017) [1]. The data are related to effects of Wogonin on the viability and IL-1β-stimulated activation of NF-κB and ERK1/2, JNK1/2 and p38 MAPKs in human OA chondrocytes. Gene expression data representing the chondrogenic phenotype and the efficiency of Nrf2 knockdown in monolayer culture of human OA chondrocytes were shown...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442634/pharmacologic-targeting-erk1-2-attenuates-the-development-and-progression-of-hyperuricemic-nephropathy-in-rats
#13
Na Liu, Liuqing Xu, Yingfeng Shi, Lu Fang, Hongwei Gu, Hongrui Wang, Xiaoqiang Ding, Shougang Zhuang
The pathogenesis of hyperuricemia-induced chronic kidney disease is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated whether extracellular signal-regulated kinases1/2 (ERK1/2) would contribute to the development of hyperuricemic nephropathy (HN). In a rat model of HN induced by feeding mixture of adenine and potassium oxonate, increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation and severe glomerular sclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis were evident, in parallel with diminished levels of renal function and increased urine microalbumin excretion...
April 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442574/the-r753q-polymorphism-in-toll-like-receptor-2-tlr2-attenuates-innate-immune-responses-to-mycobacteria-and-impairs-myd88-adapter-recruitment-to-tlr2
#14
Goutham Pattabiraman, Rahul Panchal, Andrei E Medvedev
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 plays a critical role in host defenses against mycobacterial infections. The Arg753Gln (R753Q) TLR2 polymorphism has been associated with increased incidence of tuberculosis and infections with non-tuberculous mycobacteria in human populations, but the mechanisms by which this polymorphism affects TLR2 signaling are unclear. In this study, we determined the impact of the R753Q TLR2 polymorphism on macrophage sensing of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Upon infection with M. smegmatis, macrophages from knock-in (KI) mice harboring R753Q TLR2 expressed lower levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 compared to cells from wild-type (WT) mice but both R753Q TLR2 and WT mice exhibited comparable bacterial burdens...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442350/extracellular-nampt-visfatin-induces-proliferation-through-erk1-2-and-akt-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-cells
#15
Zafar Gholinejad, Nejat Kheiripour, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Davod Ilbeigi, Kiarash Behroozfar, Zahra Hesari, Abolfazl Golestani, Mohammad Shabani, Nahid Einollahi
BACKGROUND: Visfatin is a novel adipokine and proinflammatory cytokine which is implicated in breast cancer progression. The exact proliferative and anti-apoptotic mechanisms of visfatin are still under debate. In this study, the effect of extracellular visfatin on proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer cells were investigated considering key regulatory molecules in these procedures. METHODS: BrdU (Bromodeoxyuridine) experiment was used to assess cell proliferation in response to visfatin treatment...
April 22, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440493/the-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-2-pathway-in-neurological-diseases-a-potential-therapeutic-target-review
#16
Jing Sun, Guangxian Nan
Signaling pathways are critical modulators of a variety of physiological and pathological processes, and the abnormal activation of some signaling pathways can contribute to disease progression in various conditions. As a result, signaling pathways have emerged as an important tool through which the occurrence and development of diseases can be studied, which may then lead to the development of novel drugs. Accumulating evidence supports a key role for extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling in the embryonic development of the central nervous system (CNS) and in the regulation of adult brain function...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440472/human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-acute-myocarditis-by-modulating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-extracellular-signal-regulated-1-2-mediated-apoptosis
#17
Changyi Zhang, Guichi Zhou, Chanxin Cai, Jindi Li, Fen Chen, Lichun Xie, Wei Wang, Yonggang Zhang, Xiulan Lai, Lian Ma
Acute myocarditis is a non-ischemic inflammatory disease of the myocardium, and there is currently no standard treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can alleviate myosin‑induced myocarditis; however, the mechanism has not been clearly elucidated. In the present study, the authors investigated the ability of human umbilical cordMSCs (HuMSCs) to attenuate myocardial injury and dysfunction during the acute phase of experimental myocarditis. Male Lewis rats (aged 8 weeks) were injected with porcine myosin to induce myocarditis...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440453/scrg1-suppresses-lps-induced-ccl22-production-through-erk1-2-activation-in-mouse-macrophage-raw264-7-cells
#18
Manabu Inoue, Junko Yamada, Emiko Aomatsu-Kikuchi, Kazuro Satoh, Hisatomo Kondo, Akira Ishisaki, Naoyuki Chosa
Recently, we identified the scrapie responsive gene 1 (SCRG1) secreted from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its receptor bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (BST1) as positive regulators of stem cell qualities such as self‑renewal, migration abilities, and osteogenic differentiation potential. Here, we examined the effect of the paracrine activity of SCRG1 in macrophages. The mouse macrophage‑like cell line Raw264.7 expressed BST1/β1 or BST1/β2 integrin as possible SCRG1 receptors. Unexpectedly, recombinant SCRG1 did not enhance cell proliferation, migration, or adhesion in these macrophages...
April 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440444/mirna-556-3p-promotes-human-bladder-cancer-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-negatively-regulating-dab2ip-expression
#19
Chen Feng, Ping Sun, Jing Hu, Hua Feng, Mingqiu Li, Guibo Liu, Yanming Pan, Ying Feng, Yongliang Xu, Kejian Feng, Yukuan Feng
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis by negatively regulating gene expression through complementary binding to the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs. The role of miRNAs in expression of the tumor suppressor DAB2IP in bladder cancer (BC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to identify miRNAs targeting DAB2IP and determine their expression and function in BC. We predicted candidate miRNAs targeting DAB2IP using TargetScan software. Dual-luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miRNA-556-3p directly regulated DAB2IP expression...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440432/ron-and-c-met-facilitate-metastasis-through-the-erk-signaling-pathway-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#20
Binbin Yin, Zhenping Liu, Yiyun Wang, Xuchu Wang, Weiwei Liu, Pan Yu, Xiuzhi Duan, Chunhua Liu, Yuhua Chen, Yurong Zhang, Xiaoyan Pan, Hangping Yao, Zhaoping Liao, Zhihua Tao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a metastatic malignant cancer driven by complex pathological mechanisms and characterized by poor long-term prognosis. Metastasis is the main cause of death of PCa patients, yet the molecular mechanisms of this process are poorly understood. In the present study, positive co-expression of RON and c-Met was observed in human clinical PCa tissues (biopsy material), as detected by immunohistochemical staining and quantitative real-time PCR. We investigated this further in PCa cells, demonstrating that the inhibition of RON and c-Met with foretinib (GSK1363089) suppressed metastasis and promoted the reversal of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in PCa cells...
April 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
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