keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Red Nucleus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328343/in-situ-fluorescence-activation-of-dna-silver-nanoclusters-as-a-label-free-and-general-strategy-for-cell-nucleus-imaging
#1
Duo Li, Zhenzhen Qiao, Yanru Yu, Jinlu Tang, Xiaoxiao He, Hui Shi, Xiaosheng Ye, Yanli Lei, Kemin Wang
A facile, general and turn-on nucleus imaging strategy was first developed based on in situ fluorescence activation of C-rich dark silver nanoclusters by G-rich telomeres. After a simple incubation without washing, nanoclusters could selectively stain the nucleus with intense red luminescence, which was confirmed using fixed/living cells and several cell lines.
January 12, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327915/multispectral-atomic-force-microscopy-infrared-nano-imaging-of-malaria-infected-red-blood-cells
#2
David Perez-Guaita, Kamila Kochan, Mitchell Batty, Christian Doerig, Jose Garcia-Bustos, Shirley Josefina Espinoza Herrera, Don McNaughton, Philip Heraud, Bayden R Wood
Atomic Force Microscopy-Infrared (AFM-IR) spectroscopy is a powerful new technique that can be applied to study molecular composition of cells and tissues at the nano-scale. AFM-IR maps are acquired using single wavenumber value: they show either the absorbance plotted against a single wavenumber value, or a ratio of two absorbance values. Here we implement multivariate image analysis to generate multivariate AFM-IR maps, and use this approach to resolve subcellular structural information in red blood cells infected with Plasmodium falciparum at different stages of development...
January 12, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311247/diaphorina-citri-nymphs-are-resistant-to-morphological-changes-induced-by-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-in-midgut-epithelial-cells
#3
Marina Mann, Somayeh Fattah-Hosseini, El-Desouky Ammar, Richard Stange, EricaRose Warrick, Kasie Sturgeon, Robert Shatters, Michelle Heck
"Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" is the causative bacterium associated with citrus greening disease. "Ca. L. asiaticus" is transmitted by Diaphorina citri more efficiently when it is acquired by nymphs rather than adults. Why this occurs is not known. We compared midguts of D. citri reared on healthy or "Ca. L. asiaticus"-infected citrus trees using quantitative PCR, confocal microscopy, and mitochondrial superoxide staining for evidence of oxidative stress. Consistent with its classification as propagative, "Ca...
January 8, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297155/brain-iron-deposition-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-in-vivo-susceptibility-mapping-study
#4
Qifang Yang, Lina Zhou, Chen Liu, Daihong Liu, Yang Zhang, Chang Li, Yongning Shang, Xin Wei, Chuanming Li, Jian Wang
This study was performed to investigate iron deposition in the brain of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and the associated cognitive impairments. Sixty patients diagnosed with T2DM were subjected to neuropsychological tests to determine their cognitive status, and the results were used to subdivide the patients into a T2DM without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group (n = 30) and a T2DM with MCI group (n = 30). All patients underwent high-resolution susceptibility-weighted imaging, and data processing was performed using SMART (Susceptibility Mapping and Phase Artifacts Removal Toolbox) software...
January 3, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281111/a-leu-rich-repeat-receptor-like-protein-kinase-faripk1-interacts-with-aba-receptor-faabar-to-regulate-strawberry-fragaria-%C3%A3-ananassa-fruit-ripening
#5
Bing-Zhu Hou, Cheng Xu, Yuan-Yue Shen
Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) is a model plant for studying non-climacteric fruit ripening regulated by abscisic acid (ABA), however, its defined molecular mechanisms are yet not fully understood. Here, a strawberry predicted leu-rich repeat (LRR) receptor-like kinase, red-initial protein kinase 1 (FaRIPK1), was screened and shown to interact with a putative ABA receptor, FaABAR, using a yeast two-hybrid assay. This association was confirmed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation and co-immunoprecipitation assays, and shown to occur in the nucleus...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278317/transferrin-copper-nanocluster-doxorubicin-nanoparticles-as-targeted-theranostic-cancer-nanodrug
#6
Upashi Goswami, Anushree Dutta, Asif Raza, Raghuram Kandimalla, Sanjeeb Kalita, Siddhartha Sankar Ghosh, Arun Chattopadhyay
Transferrin (Tf) templated luminescent blue copper nanoclusters (Tf-CuNCs) are synthesized. They are further formulated into spherical transferrin copper nanocluster-doxorubicin nanoparticles (Tf-CuNC-Dox-NPs) based on electrostatic interaction with doxorubicin (Dox). The as synthesized Tf-CuNC-Dox-NPs are explored for bioimaging and targeted drug delivery to delineate high therapeutic efficacy. Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) within the Tf-CuNC-Dox-NPs exhibited striking red luminescence, wherein the blue luminescence of Tf-CuNCs (donor) is quenched due to absorption by Dox (acceptor)...
December 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243967/extracts-of-porphyra-tenera-nori-seaweed-activate-the-immune-response-in-mouse-raw264-7-macrophages-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#7
Ji-Hye Song, Hee-Bum Kang, Seung-Ho Park, Ji-Hoon Jeong, Jeongjin Park, Yanghee You, Yoo-Hyun Lee, Jeongmin Lee, Eungpil Kim, Kyung-Chul Choi, Woojin Jun
Porphyra tenera, also known as nori, is a red algal species of seaweed. It is cultivated in Asia for culinary purposes. We report that P. tenera extract (PTE) enhances the immune response in mouse macrophages. We found that P. tenera extract regulates the NF-κB IκB kinase (IKK) signaling pathway, and we assessed the expression and translocation of p65, a subunit of NF-κB, in RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells after treatment with PTE. We also investigated the effects of 10% ethanol PTE (PTE10) in RAW264.7 cells...
December 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215015/malaria-parasite-dna-harbouring-vesicles-activate-cytosolic-immune-sensors
#8
Xavier Sisquella, Yifat Ofir-Birin, Matthew A Pimentel, Lesley Cheng, Paula Abou Karam, Natália G Sampaio, Jocelyn Sietsma Penington, Dympna Connolly, Tal Giladi, Benjamin J Scicluna, Robyn A Sharples, Andreea Waltmann, Dror Avni, Eli Schwartz, Louis Schofield, Ziv Porat, Diana S Hansen, Anthony T Papenfuss, Emily M Eriksson, Motti Gerlic, Andrew F Hill, Andrew G Bowie, Neta Regev-Rudzki
STING is an innate immune cytosolic adaptor for DNA sensors that engage malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) or other pathogen DNA. As P. falciparum infects red blood cells and not leukocytes, how parasite DNA reaches such host cytosolic DNA sensors in immune cells is unclear. Here we show that malaria parasites inside red blood cells can engage host cytosolic innate immune cell receptors from a distance by secreting extracellular vesicles (EV) containing parasitic small RNA and genomic DNA. Upon internalization of DNA-harboring EVs by human monocytes, P...
December 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203778/kiwifruit-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-and-contribution-of-the-novel-acmyb75-to-red-kiwifruit-anthocyanin-biosynthesis
#9
Wenbin Li, Zehong Ding, Mengbin Ruan, Xiaoling Yu, Ming Peng, Yifei Liu
Red kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) is a popular fresh fruit with a high market value due to its unique color, caused by anthocyanin accumulation. The R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) have important roles in plant development and anthocyanin metabolism. In this first comprehensive study of R2R3-MYBs in kiwifruit, a total of 93 R2R3-MYB genes, including five novel previously unannotated AcMYBs, were identified. Their phylogenic relationship, exon-intron structures, and conserved motifs were analyzed. Based on transcriptome data, 60 AcMYBs were expressed (FPKM > 1) across seven developmental stages of kiwifruit, revealing five expression patterns...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200996/regulation-of-brown-adipose-tissue-activity-by-interoceptive-cns-pathways-the-interaction-between-brain-and-periphery
#10
Otto Muzik, Vaibhav A Diwadkar
To maintain thermal homeostasis, specific thermogenic tissues are under the control of central thermoregulatory networks that regulate the body's response to thermal challenges. One of these mechanisms involves non-shivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), which is activated in cold environments in order to defend the body against physical damage as a result of hypothermia. The objective of our study was to assess the interaction between CNS thermoregulatory pathways and sympathetic innervation in BAT during a cold exposure paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183675/red-nucleus-interleukin-6-participates-in-the-maintenance-of-neuropathic-pain-through-jak-stat3-and-erk-signaling-pathways
#11
Cui-Ping Ding, Yi-Jie Guo, Hao-Nan Li, Jun-Yang Wang, Xiao-Yan Zeng
We previously reported that interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the red nucleus (RN) is up-regulated at 3weeks after spared nerve injury (SNI), and plays facilitated role in the later maintenance of neuropathic pain. The current study aimed to reveal the roles of different signaling pathways, including Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK/STAT3), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT), in RN IL-6-mediated pain modulation...
November 26, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179433/regulation-of-s-formylglutathione-hydrolase-by-the-anti-aging-gene-klotho
#12
Yuechi Xu, Zhongjie Sun
Klotho is an aging-suppressor gene. The purpose of this study is to investigate the binding sites (receptors) and function of short-form Klotho (Skl). We showed that Skl physically bound to multiple proteins. We found physical and functional interactions between Skl and S-formylglutathione hydrolase (FGH), a key enzyme in the generation of the major cellular anti-oxidant GSH, using co-immunoprecipitation-coupled mass spectrometry. We further confirmed the colocalization of Skl and FGH around the nucleus in kidney cells using immunofluorescent staining...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172469/trackable-metallodrugs-combining-luminescent-re-i-and-bioactive-au-i-fragments
#13
Andrés Luengo, Vanesa Fernández-Moreira, Isabel Marzo, M Concepción Gimeno
Hetero-bimetallic and -trimetallic complexes were synthesized by the combination of different metallic fragments, a luminescent Re(I) species, and a bioactive Au(I) derivative. A ditopic P,N-donor ligand (L) was used as linker between both metals, affording six new bipyridine (bipy) Re(I)/Au(I) hetero-metallic complexes of the type fac-[Re(bipy)(CO)3(LAuCl)]+ (4-6) and [(fac-[Re(bipy)(CO)3(L)])2Au]3+ (7-9) after a thorough synthetic procedure. Their emission is associated with a triplet metal-to-ligand charge transfer (Re(dπ) → bipy(π*)) transition and red-shifted in polar solvents with lifetimes in the range of nanoseconds and quantum yield values up to 12...
November 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169227/korean-red-ginseng-excitation-of-paraventricular-nucleus-neurons-via-non-nmda-glutamate-receptor-activation-in-mice
#14
Yiming Shen, Janardhan P Bhattarai, Soo Joung Park, Gyu Seung Lee, Pan Dong Ryu, Seong Kyu Han
It has been reported that Korean red ginseng (KRG) as a valuable and important traditional medicine has various effects on central nervous system suggesting its complicated actions. Paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurons of hypothalamus play a critical role for stress responses and hormone secretions. Although many studies have reported the action mechanisms of KRG on various cell and systems, the direct membrane effects of KRG on the PVN neurons which are involved in stress response are still poorly understood...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153032/evaluation-of-the-carcinogenic-potential-of-roxadustat-fg-4592-a-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-prolyl-hydroxylase-in-cd-1-mice-and-sprague-dawley-rats
#15
James Beck, Carroll Henschel, James Chou, Al Lin, Ughetta Del Balzo
The carcinogenic potential of roxadustat (FG-4592), a novel orally active, heterocyclic small molecule inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) enzymes in clinical development for treatment of anemia, was evaluated in CD-1 mice and Sprague Dawley rats. Inhibition of HIF-PH by roxadustat leads to a rapid increase in cytoplasmic HIF-α concentrations, followed by translocation of HIF-α to the nucleus and upregulation of HIF-responsive genes, including erythropoietin. Roxadustat was dosed by oral gavage 3 times weekly (TIW) for up to 104 weeks in mice at 0, 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg and in rats at 0, 2...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151891/the-exon-junction-complex-factor-y14-is-dynamic-in-the-nucleus-of-the-beetle-tribolium-castaneum-during-late-oogenesis
#16
Artem M Kiselev, Irina S Stepanova, Leonid S Adonin, Florina M Batalova, Vladimir N Parfenov, Dmitry S Bogolyubov, Olga I Podgornaya
Background: The oocyte chromosomes of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, are gathered into a knot, forming a karyosphere at the diplotene stage of meiotic prophase. Chromatin rearrangement, which is a characteristic feature of oocyte maturation, is well documented. The T. castaneum karyosphere is surrounded by a complex extrachromosomal structure termed the karyosphere capsule. The capsule contains the vast majority of oocyte RNA. We have previously shown using a BrUTP assay that oocyte chromosomes in T...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133374/the-rin-mc-fusion-of-mads-box-transcription-factors-has-transcriptional-activity
#17
Shan Li, Huijinlan Xu, Zheng Ju, Dongyan Cao, Hongliang Zhu, Daqi Fu, Donald Grierson, Guozheng Qin, Yunbo Luo, Benzhong Zhu
Fruit development and ripening is regulated by genetic and environmental factors and is of critical importance for seed dispersal, reproduction and fruit quality. Tomato rin mutant fruit have a classic ripening-inhibited phenotype, which is attributed to a genomic DNA deletion resulting in the fusion of two truncated transcription factors, RIN and MC. In wild-type fruit, RIN, a MADS-box transcription factor, is a key regulator of the ripening gene expression network with hundreds of gene targets controlling changes in color, flavor, texture and taste during tomato fruit ripening; MC, on the other hand, has low expression in fruit, and the potential functions of the RIN-MC fusion gene in ripening remain unclear...
November 13, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128706/consumption-of-ellagic-acid-and-dihydromyricetin-synergistically-protects-against-uv-b-induced-photoaging-possibly-by-activating-both-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-wnt-signaling-pathways
#18
Na Rang Moon, Suna Kang, Sunmin Park
Ellagic acid (EGA) and dihydromyricetin (DHM) are both found in fruits and vegetables are used for anti-aging treatment for the skin. The anti-photoaging efficacy of EGA and DHM was investigated in UV-B irradiated skin in vivo and the involvement of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and wnt signaling pathways were examined in vitro. HaCaT cells were treated with either 50μM EGA, 50μM DHM or 25μM EGA+25μM DHM before 100mJ/cm2 UV-B exposure, and then oxidative stress and inflammation was measured. The involvement of TGF-β1 and wnt signaling was measured using their inhibitors, respectively, in HaCaT cells...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111022/association-of-freezing-of-gait-with-nigral-iron-accumulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Rajini M Naduthota, Arush Arun Honnedevasthana, Abhishek Lenka, Jitender Saini, Sairam Geethanath, Rose Dawn Bharath, Rita Christopher, Ravi Yadav, Arun Kumar Gupta, Pramod Kumar Pal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this work was to investigate whether patients with and without freezing of gait (FOG) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have differences in iron accumulation in substantia nigra using R2* relaxometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included seventeen PD patients with FOG [FOG (+)], equal number of age and gender matched patients without FOG [FOG (-)] and 34 healthy controls (HC). T2* images were obtained from a 3-Tesla MRI system using multi-echo sequence...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101813/cytotoxic-and-cytostatic-effects-of-digitoxigenin-monodigitoxoside-dgx-in-human-lung-cancer-cells-and-its-link-to-na-k-atpase
#20
Naira Fernanda Zanchett Schneider, Lara Persich, Sayonarah C Rocha, Ana Carolina Pacheco Ramos, Vanessa Faria Cortes, Izabella Thaís Silva, Jennifer Munkert, Rodrigo M Pádua, Wolfgang Kreis, Alex G Taranto, Leandro A Barbosa, Fernão C Braga, Cláudia M O Simões
Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds widely used to treat several cardiac conditions and more recently have been recognized as potential antitumor agents. They are known as Na,K-ATPases ligands, which is a promising drug target in cancer. In this study, the short and long-lasting cytotoxic effects of the natural cardenolide digitoxigenin monodigitoxoside (DGX) were evaluated against two non-small cell lung cancer lines (A549 and H460 cells). It was found that DGX induced cytotoxic effects in both cells and the apoptotic effects were more pronounced on H460 cells...
November 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
49158
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"