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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771444/low-level-laser-irradiation-promotes-the-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-into-osteoblasts-through-the-apn-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#1
R-F Zhang, Q Wang, A-A Zhang, J-G Xu, L-D Zhai, X-M Yang, X-T Liu
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between adiponectin (APN) pathway and Wnt pathway was explored through BMSCs, and the effect of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and its mechanism were further studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3-week-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected, and mesenchymal stem cells were separately cultured and purified. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to analyze cell proliferation...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767241/transcriptome-sequencing-analysis-reveals-the-effect-of-combinative-treatment-with-low%C3%A2-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-and-magnesium-ions-on-hfob1-19-human-osteoblast-cells
#2
Haiyue Zu, Xueting Yi, Dewei Zhao
Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) materials are considered ideal as osteosynthesis implants. However, clinical application has proven complex. This is primarily associated with the issue of reducing the extent of implant degradation to a range acceptable for the human body, while simultaneously enhancing osteogenesis or osteoinduction. In the present study, a combination of Mg ions and low‑intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment was applied in hFOB 1.19 human osteoblast cells as a potential strategy to resolve this issue...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755854/neuroanatomical-autonomic-substrates-of-brainstem-gut-circuitry-identified-using-transsynaptic-tract-tracing-with-pseudorabies-virus-recombinants
#3
Zhi-Gang He, Quan Wang, Run-Shan Xie, Yong-Sheng Li, Qing-Xiong Hong, Hong-Bing Xiang
To investigate autonomic substrates of brainstem-gut circuitry identified using trans-synaptic tracing with pseudorabies virus (PRV)-152, a strain that expresses enhanced green fluorescent protein, and PRV-614, a strain that expresses enhanced red fluorescent protein, injecting into the rat rectum wall. 3-7 days after PRV-152 injection, spinal cord and brainstem were removed and sectioned, and processed for PRV-152 visualization using immunofluorescence labeling against PRV-152. 6 days after PRV-614 injection, brainstem was sectioned and the neurochemical phenotype of PRV-614-positive neurons was identified using double immunocytochemical labeling against PRV-614 and TPH...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750260/identification-of-mitochondrial-hormone-receptors-in-avian-muscle-cells
#4
K Lassiter, S Dridi, E Greene, B Kong, W G Bottje
The major objective of this study was to assess the expression of mitochondrial hormone receptors for progesterone (PR), estrogen (ER), glucocorticoid (GR), thyroid (TR), and insulin (IR) in avian muscle cells (quail muscle 7, QM7) and in breast muscle of quail and broilers. Visualization of receptor location in QM7 cells was accomplished by immunofluorescence. QM7 cells were stained with Mito Tracker Deep Red CMX, fixed in methanol, immune stained with anti-PR, -GR, -TR, -IR, and -ER primary antibodies overnight at 4°C, and visualized with Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated secondary antibody...
May 10, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748592/novel-erythrocyte-clumps-revealed-by-an-orphan-gene-newtic1-in-circulating-blood-and-regenerating-limbs-of-the-adult-newt
#5
Roman M Casco-Robles, Akihiko Watanabe, Ko Eto, Kazuhito Takeshima, Shuichi Obata, Tsutomu Kinoshita, Takashi Ariizumi, Kei Nakatani, Tomoaki Nakada, Panagiotis A Tsonis, Martin M Casco-Robles, Keisuke Sakurai, Kensuke Yahata, Fumiaki Maruo, Fubito Toyama, Chikafumi Chiba
The newt, a group of urodele amphibians, has outstanding ability to repeatedly regenerate various body parts, even in the terrestrial life-stage. In this animal, when the limb is amputated, a cell mass named the blastema appears on the stump and eventually gives rise to a new functional limb. Erythrocytes (red blood cells) in most non-mammalian vertebrates, including the newt, preserve their nucleus throughout their life-span, although physiological roles of such nucleated erythrocytes, other than oxygen delivery, are not known...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741358/fibrous-topography-potentiated-canonical-wnt-signaling-directs-the-odontoblastic-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-derived-stem-cells
#6
Saeed Ur Rahman, Joung-Hwan Oh, Young-Dan Cho, Shin Hye Chung, Gene Lee, Jeong-Hwa Baek, Hyun-Mo Ryoo, Kyung Mi Woo
Nanofibrous engineered matrices have significant potential in cellular differentiation and tissue regeneration. Stem cells require specific extracellular signals that lead to the induction of different lineages. However, the mechanisms by which the nanofibrous matrix promotes mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation are largely unknown. Here, we investigated the mechanisms which underlie nanofibrous matrix-induced odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp MSCs (DP-MSCs). An electrospun polystyrene nanofibrous (PSF) matrix was prepared, and the cell responses to the PSF matrix were assessed in comparison with those on conventional tissue culture dishes...
May 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729391/in-vivo-quantitative-structural-imaging-of-the-human-midbrain-and-the-superior-colliculus-at-9-4t
#7
Joana R Loureiro, Marc Himmelbach, Thomas Ethofer, Rolf Pohmann, Pascal Martin, Jonas Bause, Klaus Scheffler, Wolfgang Grodd, Gisela E Hagberg
We explored anatomical details of the superior colliculus (SC) by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 9.4T. The high signal-to-noise ratio allowed the acquisition of high resolution, multi-modal images with voxel sizes ranging between 176 × 132 × 600 μm and (800)3 μm. Quantitative mapping of the longitudinal relaxation rate R1, the effective transverse relaxation rate R2*, and the magnetic susceptibility QSM was performed in 14 healthy volunteers. The images were analyzed in native space as well as after normalization to a common brain space (MNI)...
May 2, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726781/microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-correlating-fiber-dissection-results-with-3-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-using-neuronavigation
#8
Abuzer Güngör, Şevki Serhat Baydın, Vanessa M Holanda, Erik H Middlebrooks, Cihan Isler, Bekir Tugcu, Kelly Foote, Necmettin Tanriover
OBJECTIVE Despite the extensive use of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) as a deep brain stimulation (DBS) target, unveiling the extensive functional connectivity of the nucleus, relating its structural connectivity to the stimulation-induced adverse effects, and thus optimizing the STN targeting still remain challenging. Mastering the 3D anatomy of the STN region should be the fundamental goal to achieve ideal surgical results, due to the deep-seated and obscure position of the nucleus, variable shape and relatively small size, oblique orientation, and extensive structural connectivity...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722955/increased-iron-deposition-on-brain-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-correlates-with-decreased-cognitive-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Lei Du, Zifang Zhao, Ailing Cui, Yijiang Zhu, Lu Zhang, Jing Liu, Sumin Shi, Chao Fu, Xiaowei Han, Wenwen Gao, Tianbin Song, Lizhi Xie, Lei Wang, Shilong Sun, Runcai Guo, Guolin Ma
The excessive accumulation of iron in deep gray structures is an important pathological characteristic in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is more specific than other imaging-based iron measurements modalities and allows non-invasively assessment of tissue magnetic susceptibility, which has been shown to correlate well to the brain iron levels. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between the magnetic susceptibility values of deep gray matter nuclei and the cognitive functions assessed by mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) in patients with the mild and moderate AD...
May 3, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714708/insight-into-nuclear-body-formation-of-phytochromes-through-stochastic-modelling-and-experiment
#10
Ramon Grima, Sebastian Sonntag, Filippo Venezia, Stefan Kircher, Robert W Smith, Christian Fleck
Spatial relocalization of proteins is crucial for the correct functioning of living cells. An interesting example of spatial ordering is the light-induced clustering of plant photoreceptor proteins. Upon irradiation by white or red light, the red light-active phytochrome, phytochrome B, enters the nucleus and accumulates in large nuclear bodies. The underlying physical process of nuclear body formation remains unclear, but phytochrome B is thought to coagulate via a simple protein-protein binding process. We measure, for the first time, the distribution of the number of phytochrome B-containing nuclear bodies as well as their volume distribution...
May 1, 2018: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708526/improving-the-application-of-high-molecular-weight-biotinylated-dextran-amine-for-thalamocortical-projection-tracing-in-the-rat
#11
Dongsheng Xu, Jingjing Cui, Jia Wang, Zhiyun Zhang, Chen She, Wanzhu Bai
High molecular weight biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) has been used as a highly sensitive neuroanatomical tracer for many decades. Since the quality of its labeling was affected by various factors, here, we provide a refined protocol for the application of high molecular weight BDA for studying optimal neural labeling in the central nervous system. After stereotactic injection of BDA into the ventral posteromedial nucleus (VPM) of the thalamus in the rat through a delicate glass pipette, BDA was stained with fluorescent streptavidin-Alexa (AF) 594 and counterstained with fluorescent Nissl stain AF500/525...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706871/plasticity-in-one-hemisphere-control-from-two-adaptation-in-descending-motor-pathways-after-unilateral-corticospinal-injury-in-neonatal-rats
#12
Tong-Chun Wen, Sophia Lall, Corey Pagnotta, James Markward, Disha Gupta, Shivakeshavan Ratnadurai-Giridharan, Jacqueline Bucci, Lucy Greenwald, Madelyne Klugman, N Jeremy Hill, Jason B Carmel
After injury to the corticospinal tract (CST) in early development there is large-scale adaptation of descending motor pathways. Some studies suggest the uninjured hemisphere controls the impaired forelimb, while others suggest that the injured hemisphere does; these pathways have never been compared directly. We tested the contribution of each motor cortex to the recovery forelimb function after neonatal injury of the CST. We cut the left pyramid (pyramidotomy) of postnatal day 7 rats, which caused a measurable impairment of the right forelimb...
2018: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671811/shape-shifted-red-blood-cells-a-novel-red-blood-cell-stage
#13
Verónica Chico, Sara Puente-Marin, Iván Nombela, Sergio Ciordia, María Carmen Mena, Begoña Carracedo, Alberto Villena, Luis Mercado, Julio Coll, María Del Mar Ortega-Villaizan
Primitive nucleated erythroid cells in the bloodstream have long been suggested to be more similar to nucleated red cells of fish, amphibians, and birds than the red cells of fetal and adult mammals. Rainbow trout Ficoll-purified red blood cells (RBCs) cultured in vitro undergo morphological changes, especially when exposed to stress, and enter a new cell stage that we have coined shape-shifted RBCs (shRBCs). We have characterized these shRBCs using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs, Wright⁻Giemsa staining, cell marker immunostaining, and transcriptomic and proteomic evaluation...
April 19, 2018: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667403/rapid-detection-of-mercury-ions-based-on-nitrogen-doped-graphene-quantum-dots-accelerating-formation-of-manganese-porphyrin
#14
Dong Peng, Li Zhang, Ru-Ping Liang, Jian-Ding Qiu
Mercuric ion (HgII) is a stable form of mercury pollution with high toxicity and bioaccumulation ability, and the sensitive and visible determination is of great importance. Herein, a simple method to magically improve the complexation reaction rate between porphyrin and manganous ions (MnII) have been proposed by using the synergistic effect of trace nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (NGQDs) and Hg(II). A mechanism is proposed in accordance with a substitution reaction in which the deformed porphyrin nucleus by relatively larger Hg(II) ions is favourable for attacking of small divalent metal ions carried by NGQDs from the back...
April 18, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665155/defining-mechanisms-of-neural-plasticity-after-brainstem-ischemia-in-rats
#15
Jens Minnerup, Jan-Kolja Strecker, Lydia Wachsmuth, Maike Hoppen, Antje Schmidt, Dirk M Hermann, Heinz Wiendl, Sven Meuth, Cornelius Faber, Kai Diederich, Wolf Rüdiger Schäbitz
OBJECTIVE: Neurological recovery after stroke mainly depends on the location of the lesion. A substantial portion of strokes affects the brainstem. However, patterns of neural plasticity following brainstem ischemia are almost unknown. METHODS: Here, we established a rat brainstem ischemia model that resembles key features of the human disease and investigated mechanisms of neural plasticity including neurogenesis and axonal sprouting as well as secondary neurodegeneration...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629545/diagnosis-of-early-stage-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-using-high-resolution-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-combined-with-histogram-analysis-in-the-substantia-nigra-at-3-t
#16
Eung Yeop Kim, Young Hee Sung, Hyeong Geol Shin, Young Noh, Yoonho Nam, Jongho Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To test whether nigrosome-1 imaging using high-resolution quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) combined with histogram analysis can improve the diagnostic accuracy in early-stage idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) patients. METHODS: Three-dimensional multiecho gradient-recalled echo images (0.5×0.5×1.0 mm³) were obtained at 3 T for QSM in 38 patients with IPD and 25 healthy subjects. To segment the substantia nigra (SN), regions of interest (ROIs) were semiautomatically drawn at the location below the red nucleus, and the normal-appearing nigrosome-1 was determined by manual correction...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624527/dezocine-alleviates-morphine-induced-dependence-in-rats
#17
Fei-Xiang Wu, Hasan Babazada, Hao Gao, Xi-Ping Huang, Chun-Hua Xi, Chun-Hua Chen, Jin Xi, Wei-Feng Yu, Renyu Liu
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence is a major public health issue without optimal therapeutics. This study investigates the potential therapeutic effect of dezocine, a nonaddictive opioid, in opioid dependence in rat models. METHODS: Dezocine was administered intraperitoneally to a morphine-dependent rat model to investigate its effect on withdrawal and conditioned place preference (CPP). Effect of dezocine on morphine withdrawal syndrome and CPP was analyzed using 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's post hoc test...
April 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604105/xenopus-laevis-macrophage-like-cells-produce-xcl-1-an-intelectin-family-serum-lectin-that-recognizes-bacteria
#18
Saburo Nagata
Xenopus laevis Ca2+ -dependent lectin-1 (XCL-1) is an intelectin family serum lectin that selectively recognizes carbohydrate chains on the bacterial cell surface. Immunofluorescence examination of control spleen tissues from normal X. laevis revealed cells producing XCL-1 (XCL-1+ cells) exclusively in red pulps. Intraperitoneal injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) caused a marked increase in the number of XCL-1+ cells in red pulps on day 3, followed by a rapid decrease to near control levels by day 7...
March 31, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603826/seed-point-discontinuity-based-segmentation-method-for-the-substantia-nigra-and-the-red-nucleus-in-quantitative-susceptibility-maps
#19
Tian Guo, Yang Song, Jianqi Li, Mingxia Fan, Xu Yan, Andi He, Dongya Huang, Chaomin Shen, Guixu Zhang, Guang Yang
BACKGROUND: The automatic segmentation of cerebral nuclei in the quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) images can provide assistance for surgical treatment and pathological mechanism studies. However, as the most frequently used segmentation method, the atlas method provides unsatisfactory results when segmenting the substantia nigra (SN) and the red nucleus (RN). PURPOSE: To propose and evaluate an improved automatic method based on seed points-discontinuity for segmentations of the SN and the RN in QSM images...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599747/circadian-and-metabolic-perspectives-in-the-role-played-by-nadph-in-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Isabel Méndez, Mauricio Díaz-Muñoz
Physiological activity in healthy conditions requires a coordinated interaction between the molecular circadian clock and the network of biochemical pathways. An important metabolic parameter in the interface between these two entities is the redox state. Among the redox coenzymes that regulate the fluxes of enzymatic reactions is the NADP+ /NADPH pair. Indeed, the main biosynthetic pathways need NADPH to serve as an electron donor for cellular anabolic transformations. The existence of a metabolic circadian clock is well established, and it was first identified in mammalian red blood cells...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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