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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637007/c-fos-dependent-mir-22-targets-mdc1-and-regulates-dna-repair-in-terminally-differentiated-cells
#1
Jung-Hee Lee, Seon-Joo Park, Seok Won Kim, Gurusamy Hariharasudhan, Sung-Mi Jung, Semo Jun, Jeongsik Yong, Ho Jin You
Terminally differentiated cells have a reduced capacity to repair double-stranded breaks (DSB) in DNA, however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that miR-22 is upregulated during postmitotic differentiation of human breast MCF-7 cells, hematopoietic HL60 and K562 cells. Increased expression of miR-22 in differentiated cells was associated with decreased expression of MDC1, a protein that plays a key role in the response to DSBs. This downregulation of MDC1 was accompanied by reduced DSB repair, impaired recruitment of the protein to the site of DNA damage following IR...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636317/downsizing-proto-oncogene-cfos-to-short-helix-constrained-peptides-that-bind-jun
#2
Daniel Baxter, Samuel R Perry, Timothy A Hill, W Mei Kok, Nathan R Zaccai, R Leo Brady, David P Fairlie, Jody M Mason
The oncogenic transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a DNA-binding protein that assembles through dimerization of Fos and Jun protein subunits, their leucine-rich helical sequences entwining into a coiled-coil structure. This study reports on downsizing the proto-oncogene cFos protein (380 residues) to shorter peptides (37-25 residues) modified with helix-inducing constraints to enhance binding to Jun. A crystal structure is reported for a 37-residue Fos-derived peptide (FosW) bound to Jun. This guided iterative downsizing of FosW to shorter peptide sequences that were constrained into stable water-soluble α-helices by connecting amino acid side chains to form cyclic pentapeptide components...
June 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634108/disturbances-of-novel-object-exploration-and-recognition-in-a-chronic-ketamine-mouse-model-of-schizophrenia
#3
Maria Jelena Hauser, Dirk Isbrandt, Jochen Roeper
Schizophrenia is a chronic and devastating disease with an overall lifetime risk of 1%. While positive symptoms of schizophrenia such as hallucinations and delusions are reduced by antipsychotic medication based on the inhibition of type 2 dopaminergic receptors (D2R), negative symptoms (e.g. reduced motivation) and cognitive symptoms (e.g. impaired working memory) of schizophrenia are not effectively treated by current medication. This dichotomy might arise in part because of our limited understanding of the pathophysiology of negative and cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia...
June 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634107/chronic-pramipexole-treatment-induces-compulsive-behavior-in-rats-with-6-ohda-lesions-of-the-substantia-nigra-and-ventral-tegmental-area
#4
D Dardou, L Reyrolle, C Chassain, F Durif
Dopamine replacement therapy (DRT) reduces motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), but also induces impulsive-compulsive behavior (ICB) in up to 25% of PD patients. These non-motor side effects of DRT generally follow a gradual transition from impulsive to compulsive-like-i.e. repetitive, compelled, and non-pleasurable-behavior. Here, we investigated the effect of chronic pramipexole (PPX) treatment on the onset of compulsive-like behavior, measured via the post-training signal attenuation (PTSA) procedure, in rats with dopaminergic lesions...
June 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634074/distinct-regulation-of-activity-dependent-transcription-of-immediate-early-genes-in-cultured-rat-cortical-neurons
#5
Mamoru Fukuchi, Tomofumi Sanabe, Toshifumi Watanabe, Takane Kubota, Akiko Tabuchi, Masaaki Tsuda
The activity-regulated expression of immediate early genes (IEGs) contributes to long-lasting neuronal functions underlying long-term memory. However, their response properties following neuronal activity are unique and remain poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, here we further investigated the response properties of two representative IEGs, c-fos and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf). Treatment of cultured cortical cells with KCl produces a depolarization process that results in the increase of intracellular calcium concentration in a KCl concentration-dependent manner...
June 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630702/evaluation-of-an-in-vitro-fibre-fermentation-method-using-feline-faecal-inocula-repeatability-and-reproducibility
#6
Guido Bosch, Lisa Heesen, Karine de Melo Santos, Wilbert F Pellikaan, John W Cone, Wouter H Hendriks
To gain knowledge on the precision of an in vitro method for characterisation of the fermentability of dietary fibres, this study aimed to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of such a method. Substrates used were citrus pectin (CP), fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), guar gum (GG), sugar beet pulp (SBP) and wheat middlings (WM). Each substrate was incubated with faecal inoculum from five cats with three replicates for each substrate-cat combination. Gas production was measured continuously during the 48 h incubation and SCFA and organic matter disappearance (only SBP and WM) were determined after incubation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630701/evaluation-of-an-in-vitro-fibre-fermentation-method-using-feline-faecal-inocula-inter-individual-variation
#7
Guido Bosch, Lisa Heesen, Karine de Melo Santos, John W Cone, Wilbert F Pellikaan, Wouter H Hendriks
The present study aimed to evaluate the inter-individual variability in fermentation of standard fibrous substrates by faecal inocula from ten healthy adult female cats. Substrates were citrus pectin (CP), fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), guar gum (GG), sugar beet pulp (SBP) and wheat middlings (WM). Each substrate was incubated with faecal inoculum from each cat. Gas production was measured continuously during the 48 h incubation and SCFA and organic matter disappearance (only SBP and WM) after incubation. Out of ten cats, nine produced faeces on the days of inoculum preparation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630099/kndy-neurone-activation-prior-to-the-lh-surge-of-the-ewe-is-disrupted-by-lps
#8
Chrysanthi Fergani, Jean Routly, David Jones, Lucy Pickavance, Robert Frank Smith, Hilary Dobson
In the ewe, steroid hormones act on the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) to initiate the GnRH/LH surge. Within the ARC, steroid signal transduction may be mediated by dopamine, β-endorphin or neuropeptide Y (NPY) expressing cells, as well as those co-localising kisspeptin, neurokinin B (NKB), and dynorphin (termed KNDy). We investigated the time during the follicular phase when these cells become activated (i.e., co-localise c-Fos) relative to the timing of the LH surge onset and may, therefore, be involved in the surge generating mechanism...
June 19, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628625/neural-progenitor-cell-proliferation-in-the-hypothalamus-is-involved-in-acquired-heat-tolerance-in-long-term-heat-acclimated-rats
#9
Kentaro Matsuzaki, Masanori Katakura, Naotoshi Sugimoto, Toshiko Hara, Michio Hashimoto, Osamu Shido
Constant exposure to moderate heat facilitates progenitor cell proliferation and neuronal differentiation in the hypothalamus of heat-acclimated (HA) rats. In this study, we investigated neural phenotype and responsiveness to heat in HA rats' hypothalamic newborn cells. Additionally, the effect of hypothalamic neurogenesis on heat acclimation in rats was evaluated. Male Wistar rats (5 weeks old) were housed at an ambient temperature (Ta) of 32°C for 6 days (STHA) or 40 days (LTHA), while control (CN) rats were kept at a Ta of 24°C for 6 days (STCN) or 40 days (LTCN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627061/glycaemic-and-insulinaemic-responses-of-adult-healthy-warm-blooded-mares-following-feeding-with-jerusalem-artichoke-meal
#10
M Glatter, M Bochnia, F Goetz, J Gottschalk, G Koeller, N Mielenz, D Hillegeist, J M Greef, A Einspanier, A Zeyner
This study aimed to investigate the impact of the supplementation of a pre-biotic compound [Jerusalem artichoke meal (JAM)] on the glycaemic and insulinaemic response in healthy, non-obese warm-blooded horses. Six adult mares [mean body weight (bwt) 529 ± 38.7 kg; body condition score 5.1 ± 0.49/9] were used. In two equal meals per day, the horses received crushed oat grains (1 g starch/kg bwt per day) and meadow hay (2 kg/100 kg bwt per day) which together were likely to meet the energy recommendation for light work (GfE, )...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626787/5-ht2a-receptor-deficiency-alters-the-metabolic-and-transcriptional-but-not-the-behavioral-consequences-of-chronic-unpredictable-stress
#11
Minal Jaggar, Noelia Weisstaub, Jay A Gingrich, Vidita A Vaidya
Chronic stress enhances risk for psychiatric disorders, and in animal models is known to evoke depression-like behavior accompanied by perturbed neurohormonal, metabolic, neuroarchitectural and transcriptional changes. Serotonergic neurotransmission, including serotonin2A (5-HT2A) receptors, have been implicated in mediating specific aspects of stress-induced responses. Here we investigated the influence of chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) on depression-like behavior, serum metabolic measures, and gene expression in stress-associated neurocircuitry of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus in 5-HT2A receptor knockout (5-[Formula: see text]) and wild-type mice of both sexes...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623968/oxygen-and-tissue-culture-affect-placental-gene-expression
#12
O Brew, M H F Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Placental explant culture is an important model for studying placental development and functions. We investigated the differences in placental gene expression in response to tissue culture, atmospheric and physiologic oxygen concentrations. METHODS: Placental explants were collected from normal term (38-39 weeks of gestation) placentae with no previous uterine contractile activity. Placental transcriptomic expressions were evaluated with GeneChip(®) Human Genome U133 Plus 2...
July 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623929/the-potential-regulatory-mechanisms-of-the-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-in-gonadotropin-transcriptions-identified-with-bioinformatics-analyses
#13
Wei Xiang, Baoyun Zhang, Fenglin Lv, Guangde Feng, Long Chen, Fang Yang, Ke Zhang, Chunyu Cao, Pingqing Wang, Mingxing Chu
BACKGROUND: The regulation of gonadotropin synthesis and release by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays an essential role in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction. However, the mechanisms underlying gonadotropin regulation by GnRH pulse frequency and amplitude are still ambiguous. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms and biological pathways associated with gonadotropin synthesis by GnRH pulse frequencies and amplitudes. METHODS: Using GSE63251 datasets downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by comparing the RNA expression from the GnRH pulse group, the GnRH tonic group and the control group...
June 17, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622391/neuronal-substrates-underlying-stress-resilience-and-susceptibility-in-rats
#14
Fabia Febbraro, Katrine Svenningsen, Thao Phuong Tran, Ove Wiborg
BACKGROUND: Stress and stressful life events have repeatedly been shown as causally related to depression. The Chronic Mild Stress rat model is a valid model of stress-induced depression. Like humans, rats display great heterogeneity in their response to stress and adversity. Hence some individuals are stress-sensitive and prone to develop depression-like behaviour in response to modest stressors, while others are stress-resilient and remain essentially symptom free. OBJECTIVES: Compared to the large body of research, which describes stress-induced maladaptive neurobiological changes, relatively little attention has been devoted to understand resiliency to stress...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618877/effect-of-natural-polymers-on-the-survival-of-lactobacillus-casei-encapsulated-in-alginate-microspheres
#15
Fábio J Rodrigues, Michele H Omura, Marina F Cedran, Robert F H Dekker, Aneli M Barbosa-Dekker, Sandra Garcia
Linseed and okra mucilages, the fungal exopolysaccharide botryosphaeran, and commercial fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) were used to microencapsulate Lactobacillus casei LC-01 and Lactobacillus casei BGP 93 in sodium alginate microspheres by the extrusion technique in calcium chloride. The addition of carbohydrate biopolymers from linseed, okra and the fungal exocellular (1→3)(1→6)-β-D-glucan, named botryosphaeran provided higher encapsulation efficiency (EE) (> 93% and > 86%) for L. casei LC 01 and L...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616820/possible-involvement-of-central-oxytocin-in-cisplatin-induced-anorexia-in-rats
#16
Koichi Arase, Hirofumi Hashimoto, Satomi Sonoda, Hiromichi Ueno, Reiko Saito, Yasuhito Motojima, Mitsuhiro Yoshimura, Takashi Maruyama, Keiji Hirata, Yasuhito Uezono, Yoichi Ueta
During cancer chemotherapy, drugs such as 5-HT3 receptor antagonists have typically been used to control vomiting and anorexia. We examined the effects of oxytocin (OXT), which has been linked to appetite, on cisplatin-induced anorexia in rats. Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) expressed in the supraoptic nucleus (SON), the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), the area postrema and the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) after intraperitoneal (ip) administration of cisplatin. We also examined the fluorescence intensity of OXT-mRFP1 after ip administration of cisplatin in OXT-mRFP1 transgenic rats...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616594/pattern-of-c-fos-expression-induced-by-tail-suspension-test-in-the-mouse-brain
#17
Kentaro Hiraoka, Keisuke Motomura, Satoru Yanagida, Ayako Ohashi, Nozomi Ishisaka-Furuno, Shigenobu Kanba
The tail suspension test (TST) has been widely used as a screening assay for antidepressant drugs. However, the neural substrates underlying the stress response and antidepressant-like effect during the TST remain largely unknown despite the prevalence of this test. In the present study, we used immunohistochemistry to examine alterations in c-Fos expression as a measure of neuronal activity in the mouse brain after acute administration of the antidepressant drugs nortriptyline or escitalopram (or saline as a control) with or without a subsequent TST session...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616588/all-for-one-and-fosl1-for-all-fosl1-at-the-crossroads-of-lung-and-pancreatic-cancer-driven-by-mutant-kras
#18
Adrian Vallejo, Karmele Valencia, Silvestre Vicent
KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS) remains refractory to current therapies. We devised an integrative cross-tumor approach to expose common core elements up-regulated in mutant KRAS cancers that could provide new treatment opportunities. This approach identified FOSL1 (Fos-like antigen 1) as a clinically and functionally relevant gene in mutant KRAS-driven lung and pancreatic cancers, and unveiled downstream transcriptional targets amenable to pharmacological inhibition.
2017: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612572/-comparison-of-two-methods-of-lidocaine-administrating-for-neuroprotection-in-rabbit-model-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Xian-Qing Shi, Yong-Jian Fu, Li-Rong Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To compare the neuroprotection effect of two methods of Lidocaine administration in rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham group, subarachnoid hemorrhage group (SAH), Lidocaine intravenous injection group (L1), and Lidocaine intracisternal administration group (L2). The rabbits were given general anaesthesia, then 1.5 mL autologous nonheparinized arterial blood was injected into cisterna magna to establish SAH model, while 1...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611581/glial-endozepines-inhibit-feeding-related-autonomic-functions-by-acting-at-the-brainstem-level
#20
Florent Guillebaud, Clémence Girardet, Anne Abysique, Stéphanie Gaigé, Rym Barbouche, Jérémy Verneuil, André Jean, Jérôme Leprince, Marie-Christine Tonon, Michel Dallaporta, Bruno Lebrun, Jean-Denis Troadec
Endozepines are endogenous ligands for the benzodiazepine receptors and also target a still unidentified GPCR. The endozepine octadecaneuropeptide (ODN), an endoproteolytic processing product of the diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI) was recently shown to be involved in food intake control as an anorexigenic factor through ODN-GPCR signaling and mobilization of the melanocortinergic signaling pathway. Within the hypothalamus, the DBI gene is mainly expressed by non-neuronal cells such as ependymocytes, tanycytes, and protoplasmic astrocytes, at levels depending on the nutritional status...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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