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Morton F Goldberg, Scott McLeod, Mark Tso, Kirk Packo, Malia Edwards, Imran A Bhutto, Rajkumar Baldeosingh, Charles Eberhart, Bernhard H F Weber, Gerard A Lutty
Purpose: To assess the immunohistochemical and histopathological changes in a subject with Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). Design: Case study. Participant: Ninety two year-old Caucasian male with ADVIRC. Methods: The subject was documented clinically for 54 Years. The retina/choroid complex of the right eye was evaluated with cryosections stained with hematoxylin and eosin or periodic acid schiff reagent...
April 2018: Ophthalmology Retina
H Sadri, B Saremi, S Dänicke, J Rehage, M Mielenz, A Hosseini, H Sauerwein
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is evolving as metabolic regulatory protein. Albeit mostly considered in only pathological conditions related to excess energy intake resulting in obesity and insulin resistance, PEDF is likely to be involved in other physiological processes such as the homeorhetic adaptation of metabolism to lactation. We aimed to characterize the expression of PEDF and its association to the concomitant mobilization of body reserves during lactation in nonobese subjects. This mobilization is particularly distinct in dairy cows, and we therefore assessed the mRNA expression of PEDF and its putative receptors in different tissues in 2 trials with dairy cows fed with or without conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs)...
April 17, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Faraz Bishehsari, Lijuan Zhang, Usman Barlass, Nailliw Preite, Sanja Turturro, Matthew S Najor, Brandon B Shetuni, Janet P Zayas, Mahboobeh Mahdavinia, Abde M Abukhdeir, Ali Keshavarzian
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is characterized by epithelial mutations in KRAS and prominent tumor-associated inflammation, including macrophage infiltration. But knowledge of early interactions between neoplastic epithelium and macrophages in PDA carcinogenesis is limited. Using a pancreatic organoid model, we found that the expression of mutant KRAS in organoids increased i) ductal to acinar gene expression ratios, ii) epithelial cells proliferation, and iii) colony formation capacity in vitro, and endowed pancreatic cells with the ability to generate neoplastic tumors in vivo...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
S Vidhya, R Ramya, K Coral, K N Sulochana, S R Bharathidevi
AIM: This study was conducted to estimate the aminoacid levels in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and to correlate it with the adiponectin levels. Secondly to test if these amino acids can alter or induce adiponectin levels and its related factors in retinal cells like pericyte as an in vitro model. METHODS: All human studies were done as per declaration of Helsinki with institutional approval and after obtaining consent from participating individuals...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Antonella Comitato, Preeti Subramanian, Giandomenico Turchiano, Monica Montanari, S Patricia Becerra, Valeria Marigo
Calcium ions play a critical role in neuronal cell death. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a promising neuroprotective protein for photoreceptor cells but the mechanisms mediating its effects against retinal degeneration are still not well characterized. We addressed this question in the rd1 degenerating mouse retina that bears a mutation in the Pde6b gene encoding one subunit of the phosphodiesterase enzyme. Loss of phosphodiesterase activity in rod photoreceptor cells increases cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels leading to a rise in intracellular calcium...
May 11, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Courtney Jarvis, Thomas Nelius, Dalia Martinez-Marin, Souad R Sennoune, Stéphanie Filleur
BACKGROUND: Taxanes chemotherapies represent the major therapeutic alternative for symptomatic mCRPC. While docetaxel is the most commonly prescribed Taxane for mCRPC; cabazitaxel has been approved for patients unresponsive to docetaxel. Still mCRPC remains incurable and patients often experience severe side effects. Recently, the FIRSTANA trial first demonstrated the absence of superiority in overall survival between cabazitaxel and docetaxel in mCRPC patients. Inversely, different toxicity were reported suggesting that cabazitaxel may provide a first line treatment option for some patients urging for a deeper characterization of cabazitaxel mechanisms of action as well as a re-evaluation of cabazitaxel conventional dose and schedule...
May 10, 2018: Prostate
Wei Zhou, Juan-Hua Quan, Fei-Fei Gao, Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed Ismail, Young-Ha Lee, Guang-Ho Cha
Due to the critical location and physiological activities of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell, it is constantly subjected to contact with various infectious agents and inflammatory mediators. However, little is known about the signaling events in RPE involved in Toxoplasma gondii infection and development. The aim of the study is to screen the host mRNA transcriptional change of 3 inflammation-related gene categories, PI3K/Akt pathway regulatory components, blood vessel development factors and ROS regulators, to prove that PI3K/Akt or mTOR signaling pathway play an essential role in regulating the selected inflammation-related genes...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Mao Huang, Weiwei Qi, Shuhuan Fang, Ping Jiang, Cong Yang, Yousheng Mo, Chang Dong, Yan Li, Jun Zhong, Weibin Cai, Zhonghan Yang, Ti Zhou, Qi Wang, Xia Yang, Guoquan Gao
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a unique neurotrophic protein, decreases with aging. Previous reports have conflicted regarding whether the PEDF concentration is altered in AD patients. In addition, the effect of PEDF on AD has not been documented. Here, we tested serum samples of 31 AD patients and 271 normal controls. We found that compared to PEDF levels in young and middle-aged control subjects, PEDF levels were reduced in old-aged controls and even more so in AD patients...
May 7, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Huiyan Li, Bei Ye, Lili Zhu, Lianqun Wu
To evaluate the effectiveness of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in inhibiting corneal neovascularization in rat alkaline burn model. Corneal neovascularization model was induced by sodium hydroxide alkaline burn injury in SD rats. Rats were randomly divided into two groups and were given intraperitoneal injection with EGCG or PBS per day for up to 14 days respectively. Corneal inflammation and neovascularization area were assessed on days 3, 7, and 14 after cauterization with digital photographs. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) mRNA levels were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Maryam Alavi, Petr Baranov
Traumatic, inherited, and age-related degenerative diseases of the retina, such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, and age-related macular degeneration, are characterized by the irreversible loss of retinal neurons. Several growth factors, including glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor and pigment epithelium-derived factor, have been shown to rescue retinal neurons in animal models of retinal disease. Here we describe a scalable and robust system to study the growth factor induction in the retina: retinal organoids derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Francisco M Nadal-Nicolas, S Patricia Becerra
Oxidative stress has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration. Hydrogen peroxide and sodium iodate can mediate oxidative injury. Sodium iodate induces a selective retinal degeneration targeting the RPE. We describe a method of chronic sodium iodate-mediated injury on RPE cells that may serve to evaluate protective factors against oxidative stress. Cytotoxicity and cell viability curves of ARPE-19 cells with sodium iodate were generated. The antioxidant pigment epithelium-derived factor decreased sodium iodate-mediated cytotoxicity without affecting ARPE-19 cell viability...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Rhiannon L Harries, Sioned Owen, Fiona Ruge, Meleri Morgan, Jun Li, Zhangtao Zhang, Keith G Harding, Jared Torkington, Wen G Jiang, Jun Cai
Pigment epithelial derived factor (PEDF) is a secreted glycoprotein that is a non-inhibitory member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) family. PEDF exhibits multiple biological properties including neuroprotective, anti-angiogenic, and immune-modulating. Interestingly, PEDF exerts the inhibitory effects in cancers derived from certain tissues, including prostatic, ovarian, and pancreatic carcinomas. The current study aimed to elucidate its role in colorectal cancer development. PEDF expression in human colorectal cancer tissue was assessed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC)...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
Mei Shen, Xue-Zhi Zhou, Lei Ye, Qing Yuan, Ce Shi, Pei-Wen Zhu, Nan Jiang, Ming-Yang Ma, Qi-Chen Yang, Yi Shao
Alkali burn is one of the main causes of corneal injury. The inflammation and neovascularization caused by alkali burns aggravate corneal damage, resulting in loss of vision. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of xanthatin in the treatment of alkali burn‑induced inflammation and neovascularization. A CCK‑8 assay was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of xanthatin on the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The effects of xanthatin on the migration of HUVECs and the ability of lumen formation were examined using a scratch test and lumen formation assay, respectively...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Liuqing Zhu, Jinye Xie, Zhenyin Liu, Zhijian Huang, Mao Huang, Haofan Yin, Weiwei Qi, Zhonghan Yang, Ti Zhou, Guoquan Gao, Jing Zhang, Xia Yang
Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign tumor that is formed by aberrant angiogenesis and that undergoes spontaneous regression over time. Propranolol, the first-line therapy for IH, inhibits angiogenesis by downregulating the activation of the VEGF pathway, which is hyperactivated in IH. However, this treatment is reportedly ineffective for 10% of tumors, and 19% of patients relapse after propranolol treatment. Both pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors regulate angiogenesis, and PEDF is the most effective endogenous anti-angiogenic factor...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Science
Elisabeth Richert, Stefan Koinzer, Jan Tode, Kerstin Schlott, Ralf Brinkmann, Jost Hillenkamp, Alexa Klettner, Johann Roider
Purpose: To investigate the effect of selective retina therapy (SRT) on the release of AMD-relevant cell mediators, such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), VEGF, and pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) using different laser spot sizes and densities. Methods: Porcine RPE-choroid explants were treated with a pulsed 532 nm Nd:YAG laser using (1) large spot sizes, (2) small spot sizes with a high-density (hd) treatment, and (3) small spot sizes with a low-density (ld) treatment...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Run Tian, Fang Han, Jun Yang, Hai-Yan Zhao, Yan Mei, Ai-Ping Deng, Lin Fang, Xi-Rui Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the VR-10 TSP-1 synthetic polypeptide on cytokines and the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, as well as exploring a new method for anti-ocular neoangiogenesis. METHODS: We measured the proliferation of RF/6A cells by an MTT assay and investigated the migration of RF/6A cells by a Transwell chamber assay. We examined the mRNA transcript levels of TGF-β2, VEGF, PEDF, Bcl-2 and FasL in RF/6A cells by RT-PCR and evaluated the expression of Fas and caspase-3 proteins in RF/6A cells by western blot analysis...
March 28, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Bing-Xi Yan, Yu-Xin Zheng, Wei Li, Jia-Qi Chen, Jiong Zhou, Sui-Qing Cai, Min Zheng, Xiao-Yong Man
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) have been shown to keep angiogenesis activation and inhibition in balance in normal and pathological conditions. In this study, we examined the expression of VEGF and PEDF in keratinocytes and fibroblasts from normal and psoriatic skin to evaluate their potential roles and interactions in the development of psoriasis. The expression of VEGF and PEDF was detected in normal and psoriatic skin ex vivo and in co-cultured keratinocytes and fibroblasts in vitro, and increased in keratinocytes and fibroblasts from psoriatic skin compared with those cells from normal skin...
February 2018: Discovery Medicine
Man Li, Shuxia Wang, Yan Zhang, Shouyuan Ma, Ping Zhu
BACKGROUND The role of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in protection of coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to reassess the value of PEDF in predicting the severity and prognosis of newly diagnosed stable CAD in a Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plasma PEDF levels were measured in 259 stable CAD patients undergoing coronary angiography and 116 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The severity of coronary atherosclerosis was assessed using Gensini score...
March 25, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Yiqian Zhang, Yufeng Li, Zhiwei Liu, Qixiang Zhao, Hao Zhang, Xiaoyu Wang, Peng Lu, Hongli Yu, Meng Wang, Hongyan Dong, Zhongming Zhang
Pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein, which exerts a variety of physiological activities. PEDF may protect against hypoxia‑induced cell death associated with its antioxidative effects and p53 mitochondrial translocation in cultured cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cells. Additionally, previous studies have suggested that autophagy is an important cell survival mechanism. However, the effect of PEDF on autophagy and the associated pathway in hypoxic H9c2 cells has not been fully established...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jiaqiang Ren, Dawn Ward, Steven Chen, Katherine Tran, Ping Jin, Marianna Sabatino, Pamela G Robey, David F Stroncek
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have classically been cultured in media supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS). As an alternative to FBS, pooled solvent detergent apheresis platelets, HPGF-C18, was evaluated for BMSC culture. METHODS: A comparison of passage 2 BMSC growth revealed that 10% HPGF-C18 produced similar cell numbers as 20% FBS. Marrow aspirates from 5 healthy subjects were cultured for 4 passages in 10% HPGF-C18 or 20% FBS and were analyzed for proliferation, colony formation efficiency (CFE), surface marker expression, suppression of mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLRs), global gene and microRNA expression analysis...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
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