Read by QxMD icon Read


Emi Morita, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Hidemi Hashimoto, Emi Haga, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's disease (HD) are different pathological types of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). However, the epigenetic differences between these diseases have not been elucidated. DNA methylation is one of the primary epigenetic modifications that reflect environmental influences on gene expression. In this study, we evaluated the methylation status of six CpG sites in the TNFA promoter using pyrosequencing and analyzed the data in combination with functional polymorphisms (-1031 T/C and +123 C/T) in the TNFA gene to clarify the role of gene methylation on the prognosis of AITDs...
March 11, 2018: Autoimmunity
Regla M Medina-Gali, María Del Mar Ortega-Villaizán, Luis Mercado, Beatriz Novoa, Julio Coll, Luis Perez
The antiviral effects of beta-glucan, an immunostimulatory agent were studied in zebrafish both in vitro and in vivo. Here we show that zebrafish ZF4 cells as well as whole fish primed with yeast β-glucan zymosan exhibited increased cytokine expression and elevated response to spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) infection. In vitro, previous treatment of β-glucan enhanced ZF4 cell viability against SVCV infection which is associated to the activation of interferon signaling pathway and inflammatory cytokines gene expression...
March 7, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Kevin Marron, John F Kennedy, Conor Harrity
Background: Raised intracellular cytokine ratios (CKR) are proposed as a significant risk factor for adverse reproductive outcome. An elevated cytokine ratio, such as between TNFa and/or IFNg to IL-10 is associated with recurrent miscarriage (RM). The use of pharmacological immunomodulators such as TNFα inhibitors in these patients is controversial and not generally recommended due to a lack of conclusive data supporting their use. We evaluated whether the use of anti-oxidants/dietary supplements as an alternative could positively influence CKR's in ART patients...
2018: Fertility Research and Practice
J Papinska, H Bagavant, G B Gmyrek, M Sroka, S Tummala, K A Fitzgerald, U S Deshmukh
Sjögren syndrome (SS), a chronic autoimmune disorder causing dry mouth, adversely affects the overall oral health in patients. Activation of innate immune responses and excessive production of type I interferons (IFNs) play a critical role in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Recognition of nucleic acids by cytosolic nucleic acid sensors is a major trigger for the induction of type I IFNs. Upon activation, cytosolic DNA sensors can interact with the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) protein, and activation of STING causes increased expression of type I IFNs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Manyun Dai, Huiying Hua, Hante Lin, Gangming Xu, Xiaowei Hu, Fei Li, Frank J Gonzalez, Aiming Liu, Julin Yang
Alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) is an experimental agent used to induce intrahepatic cholestasis. The Ppara-null mouse line is widely employed to explore the physiological and pathological roles of PPARα. However, little is known about how PPARα influences the hepatotoxicity of ANIT. In the present study, wild-type and Ppara-null mice were orally treated with ANIT to induce cholestasis. The serum metabolome of wild-type mice segregated from that of the Ppara-null mice, driven by changes of bile acid (BA) metabolites...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Sunhye Lee, Katherine I Keirsey, Rebecca Kirkland, Zachary I Grunewald, Joan G Fischer, Claire B de La Serre
Background: Gut microbiota dysbiosis has been linked to obesity-associated chronic inflammation. Microbiota manipulation may therefore affect obesity-related comorbidities. Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins, which have anti-inflammatory properties and may alter the gut microbiota. Objective: We hypothesized that blueberry supplementation would alter the gut microbiota, reduce systemic inflammation, and improve insulin resistance in high-fat (HF)-diet-fed rats...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Yung-Ning Yang, Yu-Tsun Su, Pei-Ling Wu, Chun-Hwa Yang, Yu-Chen S H Yang, Jau-Ling Suen, San-Nan Yang
Bacterial meningitis during the perinatal period may cause long-term neurological deficits. The study investigated whether bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from E. coli. led to neuronal apoptosis with an impaired performance of long-term cognitive function involving the activation of histone modification in the TNF- α gene promoter. Further, we looked into the therapeutic efficacy of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in a neonatal brain suffering from perinatal bacterial meningitis. We applied the following research techniques: neurobehavioral tasks, confocal laser microscopy, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Y Qu, T H Elsasser, S Kahl, M Garcia, C M Scholte, E E Connor, G F Schroeder, K M Moyes
The 4 major tocopherol isoforms differ in their biochemical reactivity and cellular effects due to basic chemical structural differences. Alpha-tocopherol has been well studied regarding effects on bovine polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function and its involvement in respiratory burst. However, no studies to date have identified the effects of supplementing a mixed tocopherol oil (Tmix) particularly enriched in non-α tocopherol isoforms (i.e., γ- and δ-isoforms) on fundamental immunometabolic changes in dairy cows...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Akifumi Kawata, Yukio Murakami, Seiji Suzuki, Seiichiro Fujisawa
BACKGROUND/AIM: The polyene carotenoids β-carotene and lycopene are antioxidants that not only quench singlet oxygen but also inhibit lipid peroxidation. Tri-n-butyl borane (TBB) is used as an initiator for dental resin materials and is extremely reactive with oxygen and reactive oxygen species (ROS). This reactionability of TBB may be analogous to that of carotenoids with ROS. To clarify the biological activity of such ROS scavengers, we investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of β-carotene, lycopene and TBB in terms of the expression of RNA for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox2), nitric oxide synthase 2 (Nos2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Tnfa), and mRNA expression and up-regulation of heme oxygenase 1 (Hmox1) mRNA in RAW264...
March 2018: In Vivo
Magambo Phillip Kimuda, Harry Noyes, Julius Mulindwa, John Enyaru, Vincent Pius Alibu, Issa Sidibe, Dieuodonne Mumba Ngoyi, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Annette MacLeod, Özlem Tastan Bishop, Enock Matovu
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) manifests as an acute form caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (Tbr) and a chronic form caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Tbg). Previous studies have suggested a host genetic role in infection outcomes, particularly for APOL1. We have undertaken candidate gene association studies (CGAS) in a Ugandan Tbr and a Tbg HAT endemic area, to determine whether polymorphisms in IL10, IL8, IL4, HLAG, TNFA, TNX4LB, IL6, IFNG, MIF, APOL1, HLAA, IL1B, IL4R, IL12B, IL12R, HP, HPR, and CFH have a role in HAT...
February 22, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
George A Stamatiades, Petros Ioannou, George Petrikkos, Constantinos Tsioutis
BACKGROUND: Despite reports of fungal infections in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), their clinical and microbiological characteristics remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review is to examine all available evidence regarding fungal infections in patients with IBD. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed (through 27 May 2017) for studies providing data on clinical, microbiological, treatment and outcome data of fungal infections in patients with IBD...
February 17, 2018: Mycoses
M C Arokiaraj, E Menesson, N Feltin
AIMS: Contrast-induced nephropathy is a commonly encountered problem in clinical practice. The purpose of the study was to design and develop a novel contrast agent, which could be used to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy in the future. METHODS: In total, 20-220nm magnetic nanoparticles were conjugated with iodixanol, and their radio-opacity and magnetic properties were assessed thereafter. Scanning electron microscopy pictures were acquired. Thereafter, the nanoparticles conjugate was tested in cell culture (HUVEC cells), and Quantibody® assay was studied after cell treatment in 1:5 dilutions for 48h, compared with control...
February 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
Sheng-Han Wu, Hong-Jie Lin, Wen-Fu Lin, Jen-Leih Wu, Hong-Yi Gong
Progranulin (PGRN) is a multi-functional growth factor that mediates cell proliferation, survival, migration, tumorigenesis, wound healing, development, and anti-inflammation activity. A novel alternatively spliced transcript from the short-form PGRN1 gene encoding a novel, secreted GRN peptide composed of 20-a.a. signal peptide and 41-a.a. GRN named GRN-41 was identified to be abundantly expressed in immune-related organs including spleen, head kidney, and intestine of Mozambique tilapia. The expression of GRN-41 and PGRN1 were further induced in the spleen of tilapia challenged with Vibrio vulnificus at 3 h post infection (hpi) and 6 hpi, respectively...
February 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Efren Avendaño-Tamayo, Omer Campo, Juan Camilo Chacón-Duque, Ruth Ramírez, Winston Rojas, Piedad Agudelo-Flórez, Gabriel Bedoya, Berta Nelly Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: The genetic makeup of the host contributes to the clinical profile of dengue. This could be due to the effect of variants in the genes encoding pro-inflammatory cytokines. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the variants of three polymorphisms in TNFA, IL6 and IFNG candidate genes with dengue severity in a sample of Colombian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the rs1800750, rs2069843, and rs2069705 polymorphisms in TNFA, IL6 and IFNG candidate genes, respectively, in 226 patients with dengue infection...
December 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Fernanda Rosa, Sebastiano Busato, Fatima C Avaroma, Kali Linville, Erminio Trevisi, Johan S Osorio, Massimo Bionaz
After birth, a newborn calf has to adapt to an extrauterine life characterized by several physiological changes. In particular, maturation of the gastrointestinal tract in a new environment loaded with potential pathogens, which can predispose neonatal calves to develop diarrhea, and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during the first 4 wks of life. We aimed to investigate the inflammatory adaptations at a transcriptomic level in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to a mild diarrhea in neonatal dairy calves using RNA isolated from fresh fecal samples...
2018: PloS One
Chinnapaka Somaiah, Atul Kumar, Renu Sharma, Amit Sharma, Trishna Anand, Jina Bhattacharyya, Damodar Das, Sewali Deka Talukdar, Bithiah Grace Jaganathan
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are used for several therapeutic applications to improve the functions of bone, cardiac, nervous tissue as well as to facilitate the repopulation of hematopoietic stem cells. MSC give rise to the non-hematopoietic stromal cells of the bone marrow and are important for the maintenance of normal hematopoiesis. Chemotherapeutic drugs used for treatment of leukemia extensively damage the stromal cells and alter their gene expression profiles. METHODS: We determined the changes in adipogenic, osteogenic differentiation, phenotypic and gene expression in MSC during treatment with chemotherapeutic drugs cytarabine, daunorubicin and vincristine...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
Abirami Veluchamy, Harry L Hébert, Weihua Meng, Colin N A Palmer, Blair H Smith
Neuropathic pain (NP) is an increasingly common chronic pain state and a major health burden, affecting approximately 7-10% of the general population. Emerging evidence suggests that genetic factors could partially explain individual susceptibility to NP and the estimated heritability in twins is 37%. The aim of this study was to systematically review and summarize the studies in humans that have investigated the influence of genetic factors associated with NP. We conducted a comprehensive literature search and performed meta-analyses of all the potential genetic variants associated with NP...
January 18, 2018: Pain
Ahmed Essam Elweza, Mohamed Aboul Ezz, Tomas J Acosta, Anup K Talukder, Takashi Shimizu, Hiroyuki Hayakawa, Masayuki Shimada, Kazuhiko Imakawa, Ahmed Hamed Zaghloul, Akio Miyamoto
In the cow, cryopreserved semen is inseminated into the uterus, and most of sperm are removed by backflow and phagocytes. Nevertheless, the mechanism responsible for sperm phagocytosis is unclear. Here, we used cultured bovine uterine epithelial cells (BUECs) to investigate the uterine response to sperm and the mechanism that activates polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). BUEC monolayers were co-cultured with different numbers of washed sperm obtained from cryopreserved semen (104 , 105 and 106 sperm/ml) for 3 h...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Yibin Wang, Haijun Huang, Renhua Sun, Bingyu Chen, Fang Han, Qian Li, Yin Ni, Xi Li, Jingquan Liu, Xiaozhou Mou, Yuexing Tu
Hepatitis causes hepatic cell injury, regeneration and different levels of fibrogenesis, and severe liver fibrogenesis progresses into cirrhosis with liver dysfunction. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an acute phase protein that is predominantly secreted by hepatocytes during early injury or infection. Nevertheless, the relationship of SAA and development of cirrhosis as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms is largely unknown. Here, we found that macrophages are the major SAA-binding cells in the injured liver...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Irena Manolova, Lyuba Miteva, Mariana Ivanova, Todor Kundurzhiev, Rumen Stoilov, Spaska Stanilova
AIMS: We investigated the individual and combined effect of functional TNFA -308G/A and IL10 -1082G/A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their genotypes on the susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a Bulgarian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genotyping for -1082A/G IL10 (rs1800896) and -308G/A TNFA (rs1800629) polymorphisms was performed for 154 SLE patients and 224 healthy controls. RESULTS: An association between SLE and the rs1800629 polymorphism was established under the allelic model (allele A vs...
January 3, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"