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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151173/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-alcohol-use-initiation-in-black-and-white-adolescent-girls-considering-socioeconomic-status-and-neighborhood-factors
#1
Carolyn E Sartor, Rachel L Bachrach, Stephanie D Stepp, Kimberly B Werner, Alison E Hipwell, Tammy Chung
PURPOSE: To assess whether the higher prevalence of childhood trauma exposure but lower prevalence of alcohol use in Black vs. White adolescent girls reflects a lower magnitude of association between trauma and alcohol use initiation in Black girls; and additionally, whether low socioeconomic status (SES) and neighborhood factors account in part for the link between trauma and early alcohol use. METHODS: Data were drawn from annual interviews conducted with an urban sample of girls and their primary caregivers from ages 5-8 (baseline) through age 17 (n = 2068, 57...
November 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151097/the-dancing-manias-psychogenic-illness-as-a-social-phenomenon
#2
Douglas J Lanska
The dancing mania erupted in the 14th century in the wake of the Black Death, and recurred for centuries in central Europe - particularly Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium - finally abating in the early 17th century. The term "dancing mania" was derived from "choreomania," a concatenation of choros (dance) and mania (madness). A variant, tarantism, was prevalent in southern Italy from the 15th to the 17th centuries, and was attributed at the time to bites from the tarantula spider. Affected individuals participated in continuous, prolonged, erratic, often frenzied and sometimes erotic, dancing...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151035/hypertension-in-obese-black-women-is-not-caused-by-increased-sympathetic-vascular-tone
#3
Alejandro Marinos, Alfredo Gamboa, Jorge E Celedonio, Brock A Preheim, Luis E Okamoto, Claudia E Ramirez, Amy C Arnold, Andre Diedrich, Italo Biaggioni, Cyndya A Shibao
BACKGROUND: Black women have one of the highest prevalence rates of hypertension and obesity in the United States. We previously reported that sympathetic activation induced by obesity is a significant contributor to hypertension in white patients. It is unknown whether sympathetic activity similarly contributes to hypertension in obese black women. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 42 obese women (16 white, body mass index 36±4 kg/m(2), 44% with hypertension; 26 black, body mass index 35±4 kg/m(2), 46% with hypertension)...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#4
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150913/molecular-epidemiology-of-goat-pox-viruses
#5
P Roy, S Jaisree, S Balakrishnan, K Senthilkumar, R Mahaprabhu, A Mishra, B Maity, T K Ghosh, A P Karmakar
Goat pox disease outbreaks were observed in different places affecting Black Bengal Goats in West Bengal (WB) and Tellicherry, Vembur and non-descriptive breeds in Tamil Nadu (TN) causing severe lesions and mortality up to 30%. Clinical specimens from all the outbreaks were screened by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and confirmed the diseases as Goat Pox. Virus isolation in Vero cell line was done with randomly selected ten samples, cytopathic effects (CPE) characterized by syncytia and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies were observed after several blind passages...
November 18, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#6
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150730/racial-differences-in-symptom-management-experiences-during-breast-cancer-treatment
#7
Cleo A Samuel, Jennifer Schaal, Linda Robertson, Jemeia Kollie, Stephanie Baker, Kristin Black, Olive Mbah, Crystal Dixon, Katrina Ellis, Eugenia Eng, Fatima Guerrab, Nora Jones, Amanda Kotey, Claire Morse, Jessica Taylor, Vickie Whitt, Samuel Cykert
PURPOSE: Racial disparities in cancer treatment-related symptom burden are well documented and linked to worse treatment outcomes. Yet, little is known about racial differences in patients' treatment-related symptom management experiences. Such understanding can help identify modifiable drivers of symptom burden inequities. As part of the Cancer Health Accountability for Managing Pain and Symptoms (CHAMPS) study, we examined racial differences in symptom management experiences among Black and White breast cancer survivors (BCS)...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150189/uranium-mobility-across-annual-growth-rings-in-three-deciduous-tree-species
#8
Kelly C McHugh, Elisabeth Widom, Henry B Spitz, Gregory C Wiles, Sam E Glover
Black walnut (Juglans nigra), slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), and white ash (Fraxinus americana) trees were evaluated as potential archives of past uranium (U) contamination. Like other metals, U mobility in annual growth rings of trees is dependent on the tree species. Uranium concentrations and isotopic compositions (masses 234, 235, 236, and 238) were analyzed by thermal ionization mass spectrometry to test the efficacy of using tree rings to retroactively monitor U pollution from the FFMPC, a U purification facility operating from 1951 to 1989...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150057/small-for-gestational-age-case-definition-guidelines-for-data-collection-analysis-and-presentation-of-maternal-immunisation-safety-data
#9
Elizabeth P Schlaudecker, Flor M Munoz, Azucena Bardají, Nansi S Boghossian, Asma Khalil, Hatem Mousa, Mirjana Nesin, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Vitali Pool, Hans M L Spiegel, Milagritos D Tapia, Sonali Kochhar, Steven Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149843/characterization-of-a-novel-bioflocculant-from-a-marine-bacterium-and-its-application-in-dye-wastewater-treatment
#10
Zhen Chen, Zhipeng Li, Peize Liu, Yu Liu, Yuanpeng Wang, Qingbiao Li, Ning He
BACKGROUND: The identification of microorganisms with excellent flocculant-producing capability and optimization of the fermentation process are necessary for the wide-scale application of bioflocculants. Thus, we evaluated the flocculant-producing ability of a novel strain identified by the screening of marine bacteria, and we report for the first time the properties of the bioflocculant produced by Alteromonas sp. in the treatment of dye wastewater. RESULTS: A bioflocculant-producing bacterium was isolated from seawater and identified as Alteromonas sp...
November 17, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149766/numerosity-estimation-benefits-from-transsaccadic-information-integration
#11
Carolin Hübner, Alexander C Schütz
Humans achieve a stable and homogeneous representation of their visual environment, although visual processing varies across the visual field. Here we investigated the circumstances under which peripheral and foveal information is integrated for numerosity estimation across saccades. We asked our participants to judge the number of black and white dots on a screen. Information was presented either in the periphery before a saccade, in the fovea after a saccade, or in both areas consecutively to measure transsaccadic integration...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149737/source-apportionment-of-black-carbon-during-winter-in-beijing
#12
Yue Liu, Caiqing Yan, Mei Zheng
Black carbon (BC) in PM2.5 was measured at an urban site in Beijing during winter 2015 using an aethalometer. The characteristics and sources of BC during pollution episodes and clean days were analyzed. The average hourly mass concentration of BC during the study period was 5.31±6.27μg/m(3). BC was highly correlated with PM2.5 (R(2)=0.80), with its concentration ranging from 0.17μg/m(3) in clean days to 35.33μg/m(3) in haze days. Source apportionment results showed that the average contribution of liquid fuel source (e...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149736/graphene-oxide-reinforced-ionic-liquid-functionalized-adsorbent-for-solid-phase-extraction-of-phenolic-acids
#13
Xiudan Hou, Xiaofeng Lu, Sheng Tang, Licheng Wang, Yong Guo
An environmental friendly sorbent of polymeric ionic liquids modified graphene oxide-grafted silica (PILs@GO@Sil) was synthesized for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of phenolic acids. The sorbent was prepared via a chemical layer-to-layer fabrication including amidation reaction, surface radical chain-transfer polymerization and in situ anion exchange. After modification with PILs, the silica surface had higher positive potential so that it would exhibit stronger electrostatic interaction for acidic compounds compared with GO@Sil...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149444/morphology-molecular-structure-and-stable-carbon-isotopic-composition-of-black-carbon-bc-in-urban-topsoils
#14
Yutong Zong, Qing Xiao, Shenggao Lu
Urban soils contain significant amounts of black carbon (BC) from biomass and fossil fuel combustion and regard to be a pool of BC. BC in urban soils has multiple effects on environmental processes in urban system, such as global climate change, air quality, and public health. Urban topsoil samples (0-10 cm) were collected from Anshan, Liaoning Province, northeast China, which is one of the most important old steel industrial bases in China. The BC in urban topsoils was extracted using the density method. Their chemical composition, morphology, molecular structure, and stable carbon isotopic composition were examined using elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and stable carbon isotope (δ(13)C)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149423/structural-and-visible-near%C3%A2-infrared-optical-properties-of-cr-doped-tio2-for-colored-cool-pigments
#15
Le Yuan, Xiaolong Weng, Ming Zhou, Qingyong Zhang, Longjiang Deng
Chromium-doped TiO2 pigments were synthesized via a solid-state reaction method and studied with X-ray diffraction, SEM, XPS, and UV-VIS-NIR reflectance spectroscopy. The incorporation of Cr(3+) accelerates the transition from the anatase phase to the rutile phase and compresses the crystal lattice. Moreover, the particle morphology, energy gap, and reflectance spectrum of Cr-doped TiO2 pigments is affected by the crystal structure and doping concentration. For the rutile samples, some of the Cr(3+) ions are oxidized to Cr(4+) after sintering at a high temperature, which leads to a strong near-infrared absorption band due to the (3)A2 → (3) T1 electric dipole-allowed transitions of Cr(4+)...
November 17, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149332/kidney-sales-and-market-regulation-a-reply-to-semrau
#16
Julian J Koplin
Luke Semrau argues that the documented harms of existing organ markets do not undermine the case for establishing regulated systems of paid kidney donation. He offers two arguments in support of this conclusion. First, Semrau argues that the harms of kidney selling are straightforwardly amenable to regulatory solution. Second, Semrau argues that even in existing black markets, sellers would likely have experienced greater harm if the option of selling a kidney were not available. This commentary challenges both of Semrau's claims...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149259/pancreatic-cancer-incidence-trends-evidence-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-population-based-data
#17
Vanessa L Gordon-Dseagu, Susan S Devesa, Michael Goggins, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
Background: Annual pancreatic cancer incidence rates have been increasing. We examine pancreatic cancer incidence trends by demographics and histologic type. Methods: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries were available to assess temporal trends and pancreatic cancer rates from 1974 to 2013. Results: Pancreatic cancer incidence rates declined between the 1970s and 1990s but increased from 1994 to 2013 among White males...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149237/multimorbidity-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-u-s
#18
Cherise Wong, Stephen J Gange, Richard D Moore, Amy C Justice, Kate Buchacz, Alison G Abraham, Peter F Rebeiro, John R Koethe, Jeffrey N Martin, Michael A Horberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Kelly A Gebo, M John Gill, Michael J Silverberg, Frank J Palella, Pragna Patel, Hasina Samji, Jennifer Thorne, Charles S Rabkin, Angel Mayor, Keri N Althoff
Background: Age-associated conditions are increasingly common among persons living with HIV. A longitudinal investigation of their accrual is needed given their implications on clinical care complexity. We examined trends in the co-occurrence of age-associated conditions among persons living with HIV receiving clinical care, and differences in their prevalence by demographic subgroup. Methods: This cohort study was nested within the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#19
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149142/mapping-the-association-between-vitamin-d-and-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Joshua Zadro, Debra Shirley, Manuela Ferreira, Ana Paula Carvalho-Silva, Sarah E Lamb, Cyrus Cooper, Paulo H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the highest contributor to disability worldwide, with current intervention strategies only providing small to moderate analgesic effects. The use of vitamin D supplementation for LBP has gained interest due to its proposed anti-inflammatory and neuromodulatory properties. However, it is still unclear whether vitamin D levels differ between those with and without LBP or if vitamin D levels are associated with pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: We aim to investigate the association between vitamin D levels and LBP and to determine if vitamin D levels correlate with pain intensity in individuals with LBP...
November 2017: Pain Physician
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