keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blacks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933749/black-magic-in-gray-titania-noble-metal-free-photocatalytic-h2-evolution-from-hydrogenated-anatase
#1
Ning Liu, Xuemei Zhou, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Kristina Peters, Florian Zoller, Imgon Hwang, Christopher Schneider, Matthias E Miehlich, Detlef Freitag, Karsten Meyer, Dina Fattakhova-Rohlfing, Patrik Schmuki
'Black' TiO2 -in the widest sense, TiO2 reduced by various treatments-has attracted tremendous scientific interest in recent years because of some outstanding properties; most remarkably in photocatalysis. While the material effects visible light absorption (the blacker, the better), black titania produced by high pressure hydrogenation was recently reported to show another highly interesting feature; noble-metal-free photocatalytic H2 generation. In a systematic investigation of high-temperature hydrogen treatments of anatase nanoparticles, TEM, XRD, EPR, XPS, and photoelectrochemistry are used to characterize different degrees of surface hydrogenation, surface termination, electrical conductivity, and structural defects in the differently treated materials...
December 9, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933460/assessing-colorectal-cancer-screening-barriers-by-two-methods
#2
Mira L Katz, Gregory S Young, Barret J Zimmermann, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is commonly diagnosed in the USA despite screening tests that have decreased CRC incidence and mortality. Finding the best method to identify patient-level screening barriers is important to improve CRC screening rates. A group-randomized trial was conducted among ten primary-care clinics. Clinics were randomized to a multi-level (clinic, provider, patient) CRC screening intervention or usual care (2007-2013). Subsequent to clinic- and provider-level interventions, a three-step, patient-level intervention was conducted...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#3
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933154/improving-diagnosis-for-congenital-cataract-by-introducing-ngs-genetic-testing
#4
Mohammud Musleh, Jane Ashworth, Graeme Black, Georgina Hall
Childhood cataract (CC) has an incidence of 3.5 per 10,000 by age 15 years. Diagnosis of any underlying cause is important to ensure effective and prompt management of multisystem complications, to facilitate accurate genetic counselling and to streamline multidisciplinary care. Next generation sequencing (NGS) has been shown to be effective in providing an underlying diagnosis in 70% of patients with CC in a research setting. This project aimed to integrate NGS testing in CC within six months of presentation and increase the rate of diagnosis...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933007/what-is-the-correct-answer-about-the-dress-colors-investigating-the-relation-between-optimism-previous-experience-and-answerability
#5
Bodil S A Karlsson, Carl Martin Allwood
The Dress photograph, first displayed on the internet in 2015, revealed stunning individual differences in color perception. The aim of this study was to investigate if lay-persons believed that the question about The Dress colors was answerable. Past research has found that optimism is related to judgments of how answerable knowledge questions with controversial answers are (Karlsson et al., 2016). Furthermore, familiarity with a question can create a feeling of knowing the answer (Reder and Ritter, 1992)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932932/atlas-of-ohio-aquatic-insects-volume-ii-plecoptera
#6
R Edward DeWalt, Scott A Grubbs, Brian J Armitage, Richard W Baumann, Shawn M Clark, Michael J Bolton
BACKGROUND: We provide volume II of a distributional atlas of aquatic insects for the eastern USA state of Ohio. This treatment of stoneflies (Plecoptera) is companion to Armitage et al. (2011) on caddisflies (Trichoptera). We build on a recent analysis of Ohio stonefly diversity patterns based on large drainages (DeWalt et al. 2012), but add 3717 new records to the data set. We base most analyses on the United States Geological Survey Hierarchical Unit Code eight (HUC8) drainage scale...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932839/matt-black-dental-instruments
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932763/-effect-of-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-on-defecation-and-vip-camp-pka-aqp3-signaling-pathway-%C3%A2-in-rats-with-constipation
#8
Yongxue Zhou, Yujin Wang, Hong Zhang, Shuguang Yan, Bin Wang, Pei Xie
To observe the effect of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on the metabolism of intestinal fluid and cyclic AMP protein kinase A signaling pathway (cAMP-PKA) and water channel protein 3 (AQP3) in rats with constipation, and to explore the mechanism of VIP in the treatment of constipation.
 Methods: A total of 45 healthy adult rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a model +VIP group. After 4 weeks of VIP treatment, the first black stool time were examined with the ink gastric method; the water content in feces was calculated; the morphological changes in colonic tissues were observed by HE staining...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932618/the-roles-of-unfolded-protein-response-pathways-in-chlamydia-pathogenesis
#9
Zenas George, Yusuf Omosun, Anthony A Azenabor, James Partin, Kahaliah Joseph, Debra Ellerson, Qing He, Francis Eko, Claudiu Bandea, Pavel Svoboda, Jan Pohl, Carolyn M Black, Joseph U Igietseme
Chlamydia is an obligate intracellular bacterium that relies on host cell for essential nutrients and ATP for a productive infection. Although the unfolded protein response (UPR) plays a major role in certain microbial infectivity, its role in chlamydial pathogenesis is unknown. We hypothesized that Chlamydia induces UPR and exploits it to upregulate host cell uptake and metabolism of glucose, production of ATP, phospholipids and other molecules required for its replicative development and host survival. Using a combination of biochemical and pathway inhibition assays, we showed that the three UPR pathway transducers: Protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR)-like ER kinase (PERK), Inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE1α), and Activating transcription factor-6α (ATF6α) were activated during Chlamydia infection...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932488/examining-age-differences-in-duration-of-wage-replacement-by-injury-characteristics
#11
J K Fan, O Black, P M Smith
BACKGROUND: One explanation for why older age is associated with greater duration of wage replacement following a work-related injury may be that older workers sustain more severe injuries and different types of injury compared with their younger counterparts. AIMS: To examine the role of injury-related characteristics in explaining the impact of age on wage replacement duration, and whether the relationship between age and wage replacement duration is consistent across injury types and levels of severity...
December 7, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932087/racial-disparities-in-the-use-of-laparoscopic-surgery-to-treat-colonic-diverticulitis-are-not-fully-explained-by-socioeconomics-or-disease-complexity
#12
Randi L Lassiter, Asif Talukder, Meryl M Abrams, Bao-Ling Adam, Daniel Albo, Cassandra Q White
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes for laparoscopic surgery over open surgery for the treatment of diverticular disease. This study was designed to analyze the relationship between race, socioeconomic status and the use of laparoscopy to address diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 53,054 diverticulitis admissions was performed using data from the 2009-2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS). The primary outcome was the use of laparoscopic versus open colectomy...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932028/race-based-differences-in-duration-of-stay-among-universally-insured-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-in-military-versus-civilian-hospitals
#13
Ritam Chowdhury, W Austin Davis, Muhammad A Chaudhary, Wei Jiang, Cheryl K Zogg, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Michael T Jaklitsch, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Peter A Learn, Adil H Haider, Eric B Schneider
BACKGROUND: Duration of stay for coronary artery bypass graft operation outcomes differs for black versus white patients, with differences often attributed to insurance. We examined black versus white differences in duration of stay among TRICARE-covered patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. METHODS: Patients aged 18-64 years with TRICARE who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft (ICD-9CM 36.10-36.20) between 2006-2010 and who identified as black or white race were identified...
December 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931794/hookah-use-among-florida-high-school-students-2011-2014
#14
Tracey E Barnett, Scott L Tomar, Felix E Lorenzo, Jamie R Forrest, Lauren Porter, Matthew J Gurka
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent use of hookah continues to increase in the U.S., even in states that have reported decreases in traditional cigarette use among youth. Hookah use typically involves smoking a moistened, loose, sweetened tobacco product with charcoal as the heat source. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016 to determine trends in the prevalence of lifetime hookah use (at least once in the adolescent's lifetime) and current hookah use (used in the past 30 days) among high school students (grades 9-12)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931701/preoperative-stress-an-operating-room-nurse-intervention-assessment
#15
Ayla Gürsoy, Bahar Candaş, Şirin Güner, Serpil Yılmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of preoperative visits by the operating room (OR) nurse on patient stress levels before undergoing surgery. DESIGN: This research was a quasi-experimental study. METHODS: The research sample included patients (N = 179) who were hospitalized for surgery during 6 months in the general surgery department of a public hospital in the Eastern Black Sea Region. The OR nurse, part of the medical staff for surgery, visited patients in the experimental group 1 day before surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931249/tailored-approach-to-sleep-health-education-tashe-study-protocol-for-a-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Natasha J Williams, Rebecca Robbins, David Rapoport, John P Allegrante, Alwyn Cohall, Gbenga Ogedgebe, Girardin Jean-Louis
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that disproportionately affects African Americans (hereafter referred to as blacks). Moreover, blacks may underutilize sleep services including overnight polysomnography. Thus, OSA among blacks may go undiagnosed and untreated, which has significant health consequences, including hypertension, diabetes, cognitive impairment, and daytime sleepiness. DESIGN AND METHODS: This two-arm randomized controlled trial will assign 200 participants to a culturally and linguistically tailored web-based sleep educational platform...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931209/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-deficiency-at-birth-and-associated-outcome
#17
Ian Marshall, Rajeev Mehta, Charletta Ayers, Smita Dhumal, Anna Petrova
BACKGROUND: Occurrence and consequence of cord blood (CB) vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency has not been adequately explored despite rising concern regarding this topic in pediatrics. This study was designed to determine the rate, maternal risk factors, and clinical outcomes in infants in association with vitamin D insufficient/deficient status at birth. METHODS: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) defined levels (ng/mL) were utilized to categorize the vitamin D status in CB samples as deficient (5-15), insufficient (16-20), and sufficient (21-100)...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931119/assessing-cognitive-functioning-in-als-a-focus-on-frontal-lobe-processes
#18
S M Gillingham, Y Yunusova, A Ganda, E Rogaeva, S E Black, D T Stuss, L Zinman
OBJECTIVE: It is generally acknowledged that at least 50% of individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will exhibit cognitive deficits outside of the characteristic motor neuron involvement. However, a specific cognitive profile has been difficult to ascertain due to disease-related testing barriers and limitations in the sensitivity and specificity of available assessment methods. This study assessed the level of functioning of extramotor frontal cognitive processes in ALS, and the amount of change in the functioning in these processes over time as disease progresses...
December 8, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931092/the-influence-of-race-and-common-genetic-variations-on-outcomes-after-pediatric-heart-transplantation
#19
D J Green, M M Brooks, G J Burckart, R E Chinnock, C Canter, L J Addonizio, D Bernstein, J K Kirklin, D C Naftel, D M Girnita, A Zeevi, S A Webber
Significant racial disparity remains in the incidence of unfavorable outcomes following heart transplantation. We sought to determine which pediatric post-transplantation outcomes differ by race and whether these can be explained by recipient demographic, clinical, and genetic attributes. Data were collected for 80 black and 450 non-black pediatric recipients transplanted at 1 of 6 centers between 1993 and 2008. Genotyping was performed for 20 candidate genes. Average follow-up was 6.25 years. Unadjusted five-year rates for death (p=0...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930952/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-food-addiction-in-persons-with-obesity-seeking-weight-reduction
#20
Ariana M Chao, Jena A Shaw, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
49128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"