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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813744/alkaptonuria-a-case-report-with-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Vasantha L Gali, Amy M Kerkvliet, Jacob M Kusmak, Jana K Elwood
Alkaptonuria is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of homogentisic acid (HGA) oxidase, the only enzyme capable of catabolizing HGA. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to excess HGA which deposits in the connective tissue. We present a case of a 64-year-old woman who was referred to the dermatology clinic for a full body mole check and skin cancer screening. Clinically she had blue/gray pigmentation of the external ear and sclera. Also she had a domed papule on the left cheek with punctate gray pigmentation which was biopsied...
August 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813732/gastric-zygomycosis-in-a-previously-healthy-56-year-old-male
#2
Ashwyna Sunassee, Desirae M Muirhead
Zygomycosis refers to invasive fungal infections caused by fungi belonging to the phylum zygomycota. Infections generally occur in immunocompromised individuals. The following case is of a previously healthy 56 year-oldmale admitted to the hospital following a motor vehicle accident. During his hospitalization, there was a significant drop in hemoglobin with no obvious source of bleeding. This prompted the clinician to insert a nasogastric tube which returned at least 2 liters of black fluid and led to an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
April 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813608/hot-air-treatment-induces-disease-resistance-through-activating-the-phenylpropanoid-metabolism-in-cherry-tomato-fruit
#3
Yingying Wei, Dandan Zhou, Jing Peng, Leiqing Pan, Kang Tu
To explore the effects of hot air (HA, 38 °C for 12 h) treatment on phenylpropanoid metabolism in cherry tomatoes, phenylpropanoid metabolite levels and the activities and expression of key enzymes were analyzed in HA-treated fruit. HA treatment enhanced phenylpropanoid metabolism, as evidenced by elevated levels of phenolics and flavonoids, higher activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and cinnamate-4-hydroxylase, and up-regulated expression of LeCHS, LeCHI, LeF3H, and LeFLS. Levels of several phenylpropanoid metabolites were higher after HA treatment, including p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, quercetin, and rutin...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813515/correction-the-effects-of-marine-traffic-on-the-behaviour-of-black-sea-harbour-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-relicta-within-the-istanbul-strait-turkey
#4
Aylin Akkaya Bas, Fredrik Christiansen, Ayaka Amaha Öztürk, Bayram Öztürk, Caley McIntosh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172970.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813166/are-inner-city-children-with-asthma-receiving-specialty-care-as-recommended-in-national-asthma-guidelines
#5
Karen L Warman, Ellen J Silver
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether children with asthma in an urban healthcare network are receiving asthma specialty care, and which factors, if any, are associated with receipt of this care, including: child's racial/ethnic group, age, socio-economic status (SES), insurance, and/or acute care utilization. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of children ages 7- 17 years old who received primary care in an urban medical center in 2012 and had a primary or secondary ICD9 code for asthma...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812972/barbershop-prostate-cancer-education-factors-associated-with-client-knowledge
#6
Barry C Hill, David R Black, Cleveland G Shields
The purpose of this paper is to identify characteristics of Black barbershop clients and barbers in an urban Midwestern city participating in a health promotion program called Affecting Cancer Together (ACT) that are associated with client knowledge about prostate cancer. Statistical analyses examined client and barber characteristics for their potential association with client prostate cancer knowledge, while controlling for ACT variables. Study findings suggested clients who are married (β = 0.99; CI [0...
September 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812930/increasing-colorectal-cancer-screening-at-an-urban-fqhc-using-ifobt-and-patient-navigation
#7
Richard L Martin, Madelaine Tully, Allison Kos, David Frazer, Amy Williamson, Amy Conlon, James J Enser, Noelle K LoConte
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Black Americans suffer even higher incidence and death rates than the general population. Genetics and patient perceptions explain some of this difference, however, modifiable health care system factors such as lack of access to colon cancer screening also contribute. Partnering an academic health center with local community groups, we piloted a colorectal cancer screening program at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) serving predominately low socioeconomic status Black Americans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812866/directly-coating-multifunctional-interlayer-on-the-cathode-via-electrospinning-for-advanced-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#8
Yueying Peng, Yiyong Zhang, Yunhui Wang, Xiu Shen, Feng Wang, He Li, Bing-Joe Hwang, Jinbao Zhao
Lithium sulfur battery is considered as a prospective candidate for high-energy-storage system as its high theoretical specific capacity and energy. However, the dissolution and shutter of polysulfides lead to low active material utilization and fast capacity fading. Electrospinning technology is employed to directly coat an interlayer composed of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and nitrogen-doped carbon black (NC) fibers on the cathode. Benefited from electrospinning technology, the PAN-NC fibers possess good electrolyte infiltration for fast lithium-ion transport and great flexibility for adhering on the cathode...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812674/red-list-of-a-black-box
#9
Helen R P Phillips, Erin K Cameron, Olga Ferlian, Manfred Türke, Marten Winter, Nico Eisenhauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812604/stand-age-and-species-richness-dampen-interannual-variation-of-ecosystem-level-photosynthetic-capacity
#10
Talie Musavi, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Jens Kattge, Christian Wirth, T Andrew Black, Ivan Janssens, Alexander Knohl, Denis Loustau, Olivier Roupsard, Andrej Varlagin, Serge Rambal, Alessandro Cescatti, Damiano Gianelle, Hiroaki Kondo, Rijan Tamrakar, Miguel D Mahecha
The total uptake of carbon dioxide by ecosystems via photosynthesis (gross primary productivity, GPP) is the largest flux in the global carbon cycle. A key ecosystem functional property determining GPP is the photosynthetic capacity at light saturation (GPPsat), and its interannual variability (IAV) is propagated to the net land-atmosphere exchange of CO2. Given the importance of understanding the IAV in CO2 fluxes for improving the predictability of the global carbon cycle, we have tested a range of alternative hypotheses to identify potential drivers of the magnitude of IAV in GPPsat in forest ecosystems...
January 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812379/dietary-polyphenols-for-atherosclerosis-a-comprehensive-review-and-future-perspectives
#11
Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Farnaz Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Armaghan Baratpourmoghaddam, Pardis Ahmadi Borkani, Pourouchista Rostamiasrabadi, Amir Hosein Rasouli Amirabadi, Roja Rahimi
Atherosclerosis is one of the most prevalent reasons for premature death in adults. Despite the several conventional drugs in the market; many patients are not completely treated. Here we comprehensively review current clinical evidence regarding the efficacy of dietary polyphenols in atherosclerosis and related complications. PubMed, Cochrane library and Scopus were searched from inception until August 2016 to obtain clinical trials in which polyphenols were evaluated in cardiovascular parameters related to atherosclerosis...
August 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812330/black-and-minority-ethnic-group-involvement-in-health-and-social-care-research-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Shoba Dawson, Stephen M Campbell, Sally J Giles, Rebecca L Morris, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is growing internationally, but little is known about black and minority ethnic (BME) involvement and the factors influencing their involvement in health and social care research. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and critique the empirical literature on BME-PPI involvement in health and social care research. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic searches of six electronic bibliographic databases were undertaken, utilizing both MeSH and free-text terms to identify international empirical literature published between 1990 and 2016...
August 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812306/barber-led-sexual-health-education-intervention-for-black-male-adolescents-and-their-fathers
#13
Schenita D Randolph, Terrence Pleasants, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda
OBJECTIVE: To explore barbers' attitudes and beliefs regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a barber- led STI/HIV risk reduction intervention for fathers and their preadolescent and adolescent sons. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Twenty-two barbers were recruited from barbershops and a barber school in central North Carolina. MEASURES: A combination of five focus groups and two key informant interviews were conducted...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#14
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#15
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#16
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811761/incidence-rates-of-major-diseases-of-kiwiberry-in-2015-and-2016
#17
Gyoung Hee Kim, Deok Ryong Kim, Sook-Young Park, Young Sun Lee, Jae Sung Jung, Young Jin Koh
Incidence rates of diseases in kiwiberry orchards were investigated monthly from late June to late September in Gwangyang and Boseong in 2015 and 2016. The impact of postharvest fruit rot was investigated during ripening after harvest. Bacterial canker was only observed on one single tree in 2015, but black rot, powdery mildew, leaf spot and blight, and postharvest fruit rot diseases were problematic throughout the study period in both 2015 and 2016. Incidence rates of the diseases varied with kiwiberry cultivar, region and sampling time...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#18
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811730/racial-differences-in-prostate-cancer-treatment-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status
#19
Megan Watson, David Grande, Archana Radhakrishnan, Nandita Mitra, Katelyn R Ward, Craig Evan Pollack
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether socioeconomic status (SES), measured at both the individual and neighborhood levels, is associated with receipt of definitive treatment for localized prostate cancer and whether these associations mediate racial differences in treatment between non-Hispanic White and non-Hispanic Black men. DESIGN: The Philadelphia Area Prostate Cancer Access Study (P(2) Access) is a mailed, cross-sectional survey of men sampled from the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry, combined with neighborhood Census data...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811591/alteration-of-sheep-coat-color-pattern-by-disruption-of-asip-gene-via-crispr-cas9
#20
Xuemei Zhang, Wenrong Li, Chenxi Liu, Xinrong Peng, Jiapeng Lin, Sangang He, Xuejiao Li, Bing Han, Ning Zhang, Yangsheng Wu, Lei Chen, Liqin Wang, MaYila, Juncheng Huang, Mingjun Liu
Coat color is an important characteristic and economic trait in domestic sheep. Aiming at alteration of Chinese merino sheep coat color by genome manipulation, we disrupted sheep agouti signaling protein gene by CRISPR/Cas9. A total of seven indels were identified in 5 of 6 born lambs. Each targeted lamb happened at least two kinds of modifications, and targeted lambs with multiple modifications displayed variety of coat color patterns. Three lambs with 4 bp deletion showed badgerface with black body coat color in two lambs, and brown coat color with light ventral pigmentation in another one...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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