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resembling rheumatoid arthritis

Stefano Paolo Beltrametti, Aurora Ianniello, Clara Ricci
To date, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains a debilitating, life-threatening disease. One major concern is morning symptoms (MS), as they considerably impair the patients' quality of life and ability to work. MS change in a circadian fashion, resembling the fluctuations of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6, whose levels are higher in RA patients compared to healthy donors. Conversely, serum levels of the potent anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid cortisol are similar to that of healthy subjects, suggesting an imbalance that sustains a pro-inflammatory state...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Stephanie Rodgers, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Margot Mutsch, Nina Steinemann, Viktor von Wyl, Roland von Känel, Matthias Bopp
BACKGROUND: To examine the site-specific cancer mortality among deaths registered with Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple sclerosis (MS). We focused on the patterns related to the most frequent cancers. METHODS: We analyzed Swiss mortality data over a 39-year period (1969-2007), using a statistical approach applicable to unique daabases, i.e. when no linkage with morbidity databases or disease registries is possible. It was based on a case-control design with bootstrapping to derive standardized mortality ratios (SMR)...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
N Borisch
BACKGROUND: Operative treatment of chondrocalcinosis (calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease=CPPD disease) of the wrist is hardly ever mentioned in the literature. Since the chronic, recurrent type of this disease resembles rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as well as osteoarthritis, the author has performed arthroscopic synovectomy of the wrist, which achieves excellent results in RA und offers high patient comfort as an atraumatic procedure with low morbidity. This article presents the experience made with arthroscopic synovectomy in CPPD disease of the wrist...
August 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Gerhard Zingler, Birgit Hermann, Tim Fischer, Thomas Herdegen
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic efficiency of NSAID is handicapped by ongoing discussion of cardiovascular (CV) safety. AREAS COVERED: We update meta-analyses on NSAIDs in patients with and without cardiovascular (CV) diseases and analyse the association between NSAIDs and cardiovascular events in patients with inflammation. We demonstrate the substantial influence of an indication bias and confounding, which falsely increase the CV risk. We demonstrate protective cardiovascular effects of NSAIDs due to their anti-inflammatory activity, in particular in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or inflammatory pain...
August 30, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Verónica A Trivillin, Leandro J Bruno, David A Gatti, Mariela Stur, Marcela A Garabalino, Andrea Monti Hughes, Jorge Castillo, Emiliano C C Pozzi, Luis Wentzeis, Hugo Scolari, Amanda E Schwint, Sara Feldman
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune pathology characterized by the proliferation and inflammation of the synovium. Boron neutron capture synovectomy (BNCS), a binary treatment modality that combines the preferential incorporation of boron carriers to target tissue and neutron irradiation, was proposed to treat the pathological synovium in arthritis. In a previous biodistribution study, we showed the incorporation of therapeutically useful boron concentrations to the pathological synovium in a model of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in rabbits, employing two boron compounds approved for their use in humans, i...
August 27, 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Katrina Chakradeo, Katie Buzacott, Muriel Soden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Sara Marie Atkinson, Anneline Nansen
In this MiniReview, we summarize the body of knowledge on the delayed-type hypersensitivity arthritis (DTHA) model, a recently developed arthritis model with 100% incidence, low variation and synchronized onset in C57BL/6 (B6) mice, and compare it to other murine arthritis models. It is desirable to have robust arthritis models in B6 mice, as many transgene strains are bred on this background. However, several of the most widely used mouse model of arthritis cannot be induced in B6 mice without the drawback of lower incidence, reduced severity and higher variation, if at all...
August 24, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Sang Wan Chung, Eun Ha Kang, Yun Jong Lee, You Jung Ha, Yeong Wook Song
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED) tarda is an inherited skeletal arthropathy. Because SED tarda involves the joints and resemble the clinical findings of chronic arthropathies, this disease is frequently misdiagnosed as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report here on three patients (father and his two daughters) in one family with SED tarda. All patients had back pain and polyarthralgia. Their radiographs revealed typical changes for SED tarda including platyspondyly and dysplastic bone changes. This rare disease has major clinical importance in that it is similar with JIA or rheumatoid arthritis...
September 2016: Yonsei Medical Journal
Lizhe Sun, Mengping Liu, Ruifeng Li, Qiang Zhao, Junhui Liu, Yanjie Yang, Lisha Zhang, Xiaofang Bai, Yuanyuan Wei, Qiangqiang Ma, Juan Zhou, Zuyi Yuan, Yue Wu
Coronary artery disease is a common disease that seriously threaten the health of more than 150 million people per year. Atherosclerosis is considered to be the main cause of coronary artery disease which begins with damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery, sometimes as early as childhood. The damage may be caused by various factors, including: smoking, high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes and insulin resistance. Once a coronary artery disease has developed, all patients need to be treated with long term standard treatment, including heart-healthy lifestyle changes, medicines, and medical procedures or surgery...
August 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Ripa Akter, Paul Boland, Peter Daley, Proton Rahman, Nayef Al Ghanim
Rat bite fever is rare in Western countries. It can be very difficult to diagnose as blood cultures are typically negative and a history of rodent exposure is often missed. Unless a high index of suspicion is maintained, the associated polyarthritis can be mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis. We report a case of culture-positive rat bite fever in a 46-year-old female presenting with fever and polyarthritis. The clinical presentation mimicked rheumatoid arthritis. Infection was complicated by discitis, a rare manifestation...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
Intraarticular (IA) injections of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) have shown encouraging results in the literature. Hemophilic arthropathy (HA) represents an enormous societal burden. The similarity between OA and HA is very limited. HA resembles much more to the rheumatoid arthritis because a presence of thick synovial membrane and large lymphocytes infiltration. However, in its final stages, HA resembles OA and that is when IA injections of MSCs are commonly used. In this article, we review the concept of IA injections of MSCs as a treatment for HA, using the literature on OA as an example...
August 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
Kunihiro Yamaoka
  Biologics have revolutionized the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However certain amount of the patients cannot achieve goal of therapy. Recently, compounds targeting the intracellular kinase, Janus kinase (JAK) have demonstrated therapeutic effects resembling biologics. Tofacitinib is the only JAK inhibitor approved for RA and during the clinical trial, increased events of herpes zoster (HZ) was observed. Incidence rate was twice as much as patients treated with conventional anti-rheumatic drug and was especially increased in Japan that was four times as much...
2016: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
Lina Tan, Haijing Wu, Ying Liu, Ming Zhao, Duo Li, Qianjin Lu
Exosomes are small membrane-bound vesicles (30-100 nm) that are secreted by different types of cells and they have been well documented to resemble saucers or flattened spheres under the electron microscope. Recently, evidence indicates that exosomes play important roles in the immune modulation and are associated with the immune pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this review, we will summarize current research advances of exosomes in immunoregulation, pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapeutics of autoimmune diseases...
June 3, 2016: Autoimmunity
Maxime Breban
In most chronic inflammatory diseases, the cause remains unknown. Chronic infection is, however, among the current hypotheses. Recent technological advances have allowed in-depth studies of the gut microflora, or microbiota, which contains a vast array of organisms, most of which cannot be cultured. Inflammatory bowel disease has been associated with distinctive changes in the gut microbiota, which persist between disease flares and may play a pathogenic role. Links have been demonstrated between the gut microbiota and joint inflammation in murine models of arthritis but have received little attention in human patients...
December 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Alla Ishchenko, Rik J Lories
The population of older individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is rapidly expanding, mainly due to increased life expectancy. While targeted biological therapies are well established for the treatment of this disease, their use may be lower in older patients (age > 65 years) and very old patients (age > 75 years) as a result of perceived higher risks for adverse events in this population, taking into account comorbidity, polypharmacy, and frailty. In this review, we discuss the available evidence for the use of biological therapies in this growing patient group with specific attention towards the eventual reasons for biological treatment failure or withdrawal...
June 2016: Drugs & Aging
Koshiro Sonomoto, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Hiroaki Kaneko, Kaoru Yamagata, Kei Sakata, Xiangmei Zhang, Masahiro Kondo, Yukichi Zenke, Ken Sabanai, Shingo Nakayamada, Akinori Sakai, Yoshiya Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunosuppressive activity and can differentiate into bone and cartilage; and thus seem ideal for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we investigated the osteogenesis and chondrogenesis potentials of MSCs seeded onto nano-fiber scaffolds (NFs) in vitro and possible use for the repair of RA-affected joints. METHODS: MSCs derived from healthy donors and patients with RA or osteoarthritis (OA) were seeded on poly-lactic-glycolic acid (PLGA) electrospun NFs and cultured in vitro...
2016: PloS One
Luisa Bonafé, Ariana Kariminejad, Jia Li, Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Virginie Garcia, Shokouholsadat Mahdavi, Bita Bozorgmehr, Ralph L Lachman, Lauréane Mittaz-Crettol, Belinda Campos-Xavier, Sheela Nampoothiri, Sheila Unger, Carlo Rivolta, Thierry Levade, Andrea Superti-Furga
OBJECTIVE: To establish a diagnosis and provide counseling and treatment for 3 adult patients from one family presenting with peripheral osteolysis. METHODS: Following clinical and radiographic assessment, exome sequencing, targeted gene resequencing, and determination of enzyme activity in cultured fibroblasts were performed. RESULTS: The proband (age 40 years) had a history of episodic fever and pain in childhood that subsided around puberty...
September 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Cristina Municio, Blanca Soler Palacios, Lizbeth Estrada-Capetillo, Alberto Benguria, Ana Dopazo, Elena García-Lorenzo, Salvador Fernández-Arroyo, Jorge Joven, María Eugenia Miranda-Carús, Isidoro González-Álvaro, Amaya Puig-Kröger
OBJECTIVES: Methotrexate (MTX) functions as an antiproliferative agent in cancer and an anti-inflammatory drug in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although macrophages critically contribute to RA pathology, their response to MTX remains unknown. As a means to identify MTX response markers, we have explored its transcriptional effect on macrophages polarised by GM-CSF (GM-MØ) or M-CSF (M-MØ), which resemble proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory macrophages found in RA and normal joints, respectively...
February 26, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Lauren Lange, Geoffrey M Thiele, Courtney McCracken, Gabriel Wang, Lori A Ponder, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Kelly A Rouster-Stevens, Aimee O Hersh, Larry B Vogler, John F Bohnsack, Shelly Abramowicz, Ted R Mikuls, Sampath Prahalad
BACKGROUND: The association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis is well established. Some children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) phenotypically resemble adults with RA, characterized by the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies. We sought to investigate an association between CCP-positive JIA and symptoms of periodontitis and antibodies to oral microbiota. METHODS: Antibodies to oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Fusobacterium nucleatum were measured using ELISA in 71 children with CCP-positive JIA and 74 children with CCP-negative JIA...
February 9, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Kaname Ohyama
Our immune system resembles an intelligent security system, which continually monitors for foreign invaders (infectious diseases); however, in some cases, this system recognizes healthy parts as something harmful or foreign and then attacks them (autoimmune diseases). The defining characteristics of an autoimmune disease are the existence of T- and B-cell autoreactivity against self proteins (autoantigens). In addition to autoimmune diseases, aberrant host proteins that occur during a certain state of diseases (e...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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