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5 Hydroxy Tryptophan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895144/a-new-compound-isolated-from-the-reduced-ribose-tryptophan-maillard-reaction-products-exhibits-distinct-anti-inflammatory-activity
#1
Dan Qin, Lin Li, Jing Li, JinLong Li, Di Zhao, Yuting Li, Bing Li, Xia Zhang
In this study a compound of 532.24 Da named BF-4 was separated from the ribose-tryptophan Maillard reaction products by solvent extraction and purified through reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. The purified compound BF-4 was identified as 3-((1H-indol-3-yl) methyl)-8-(5-((1H-indol-3-yl) methyl)-6- oxomorpholin-2-yl)-9-hydroxy-1,7,4-dioxazecan-2-one in accordance with 1D- and 2D-NMR spectra and LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis. BF-4 significantly reduced the production of NO, IL-6 and TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772796/precursor-directed-generation-of-indolocarbazoles-with-topoisomerase-ii%C3%AE-inhibitory-activity
#2
Cong Wang, Adeep Monger, Liping Wang, Peng Fu, Pawinee Piyachaturawat, Arthit Chairoungdua, Weiming Zhu
One new indolocarbazole, 3-hydroxy-K252d ( 3 ), together with the recently reported 3-hydroxyholyrine A ( 1 ) and 3'- N -acetyl-3-hydroxyholyrine A ( 2 ), were obtained by feeding a culture of the marine-derived Streptomyces strain OUCMDZ-3118 with 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 potently induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells by inhibiting topoisomerase IIα enzyme activity and reducing the expression of antiapoptosis protein level...
May 17, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695693/-functional-responses-to-the-chronic-activation-of-5-ht1a-receptors-in-mice-with-genetic-predisposition-to-catalepsy
#3
A S Tsybko, T V Ilchibaeva, D V Bazovkina, V S Naumenko
The effects of chronic 5-HT1A receptor activation on the behavior, functional activity of 5-HT1A receptors, and expression of key genes of the brain 5-HT system were studied in mice of the catalepsy-prone CBA strain and the catalepsy-resistant C57BL/6 strain. Chronic treatment with 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyl-amino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) (1.0 mg/kg i.p., 14 days) led to a significant decrease in the hypothermic response to acute administration of 8-OH-DPAT in CBA and C57BL/6 mice, which indicates the desensiti-zation of 5-HT1A receptors in both strains...
March 2018: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649720/differential-release-of-cell-signaling-metabolites-by-male-and-female-bovine-embryos-cultured-in-vitro
#4
E Gómez, S Carrocera, D Martin, P Herrero, N Canela, M Muñoz
Male and female early bovine embryos show dimorphic transcription that impacts metabolism. Individual release of metabolites was examined in a 24h single culture medium from Day-6 male and female morulae that developed to Day-7 expanded blastocysts. Embryos were produced in vitro, fertilized with a single bull and cultured in SOFaaci+6  g/L BSA. The embryonic sex was identified (amelogenin gene amplification). Embryos (N = 10 males and N = 10 females) and N = 6 blank samples (i.e. SOFaaci+6  g/L BSA incubated with no embryos) were collected from 3 replicates...
July 1, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605319/interaction-of-5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan-and-negative-dietary-cation-anion-difference-on-calcium-homeostasis-in-multiparous-peripartum-dairy-cows
#5
C J Slater, E L Endres, S R Weaver, A A Cheng, M R Lauber, S F Endres, E Olstad, A DeBruin, P M Crump, E Block, L L Hernandez
Hypocalcemia affects almost 50% of all dairy cows. Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that infusions of the serotonin precursor 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP) increase circulating calcium concentrations in the Holstein transition cow. It is unknown whether feeding a negative dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) diet alters the relationship between 5-HTP and hypocalcemia. The main objective of this study was to determine whether feeding a negative DCAD (-DCAD) diet before calving in conjunction with 5-HTP treatment could further diminish the magnitude of hypocalcemia at the time of calving...
June 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544199/metabolomic-association-between-venous-thromboembolism-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients-and-kynurenine-pathway-of-tryptophan-metabolism
#6
Stacy A Voils, Mohamed H Shahin, Timothy J Garrett, Reginald F Frye
OBJECTIVE: Incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in critically ill patients remains unacceptably high despite widespread use of thromboprophylaxis. A systems biology approach may be useful in understanding disease pathology and predicting response to treatment. Metabolite profile under specific environmental conditions provides the closest link to phenotype, but the relationship between metabolomics and risk of VTE in critically ill patients is unknown. In this study, metabolomics signatures are compared in patients with and without VTE...
May 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288638/a-single-amino-acid-residue-regulates-the-substrate-affinity-and-specificity-of-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase
#7
Hajime J Yuasa, Mayumi Sugiura, Terue Harumoto
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a heme-containing enzyme that catalyses the oxidative cleavage of L-Trp. The ciliate Blepharisma stoltei has four IDO genes (IDO-I, -II, -III and -IV), which seem to have evolved via two sequential gene duplication events. Each IDO enzyme has a distinct enzymatic property, where IDO-III has a high affinity for L-Trp, whereas the affinity of the other three isoforms for L-Trp is low. IDO-I also exhibits a significant catalytic activity with another indole compound: 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP)...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125937/novel-specificity-of-ido-enzyme-involved-in-the-biosynthesis-of-mating-pheromone-in-the-ciliate-blepharisma-stoltei
#8
Mayumi Sugiura, Hajime J Yuasa, Terue Harumoto
Mating pheromones (gamone 1 and gamone 2) in the ciliate Blepharisma are biologically active substances that trigger sexual reproduction (conjugation) under starvation conditions. Gamone 1 is a glycoprotein secreted by type I cells, and gamone 2 is a tryptophan (Trp)-derivative compound secreted by type II cells. Both gamones stimulate complementary mating type cells to promote each gamone production and induce pair formation. To elucidate the biosynthetic pathway of gamone 2, we investigated the enzymes involved in the pathway and the specificity of the enzymes...
December 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102139/short-communication-supplementation-of-colostrum-and-milk-with-5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan-affects-immune-factors-but-not-growth-performance-in-newborn-calves
#9
Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Ranya Özçelik, Laura L Hernandez, Rupert M Bruckmaier
In ruminants, colostrum is the main source of immunoglobulins for the newborn animal, conferring immune protection until the immune system becomes active and able to synthesize its own immunoglobulins. Serotonin (5-HT), a biogenic amine derived from tryptophan, has stimulatory effects on many physiological processes, including components of the innate (mastocytes, eosinophils, and natural killer cells) and adaptive (T and B lymphocytes) immune systems. Based on the known effects of 5-HT on the immune system, we hypothesized that increased concentrations of 5-HT, through administration of its precursor 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP), may positively affect development of the calf's immune system and therefore support health and growth performance during the first weeks of life...
January 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929654/-chemical-studieson-hydrophilic-constituents-of-toad-skin
#10
Shao-Kun Xin, Nan Si, Hong-Jie Wang, Jian Yang, Bo Gao, Xiao-Lu Wei, Hai-Yu Zhao, Bao-Lin Bian
Fifteen compounds were isolated from the toad skin by a combination of various chromatographic methods including macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified as 4,5-dimethyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrrolo[4,3,2-de]quinolin-6-ol(1), serotonin(2), N-methyl serotonin(3), O-methyl bufotenine(4), 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6-hydroxy-β-carboline(5), O-methylserotonin(6), glycinebetaine(7), caffeine(8), bufotenine(9), shepherdine(10), tryptophan(11), (5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)acetic acid(12), 5-hydroxy tryptophol(13), 2-methyl-6-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline(14), bufothionine(15)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916638/pharmacological-and-physiological-assessment-of-serotonin-formation-and-degradation-in-isolated-preparations-from-mouse-and-human-hearts
#11
Ulrich Gergs, Franziska Jung, Igor B Buchwalow, Britt Hofmann, Andreas Simm, Hendrik Treede, Joachim Neumann
Using transgenic (TG) mice that overexpress the human serotonin (5-HT)4a receptor specifically in cardiomyocytes, we wanted to know whether 5-HT can be formed and degraded in the mammalian heart and whether this can likewise lead to inotropic and chronotropic effects in this TG model. We noted that the 5-HT precursor 5-hydroxy-tryptophan (5-HTP) can exert inotropic and chronotropic effects in cardiac preparations from TG mice but not from wild-type (WT) mice; similar results were found in human atrial preparations as well as in intact TG animals using echocardiography...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880969/anti-inflammatory-activities-of-garlic-sprouts-a-source-of-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-and-5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan-in-raw-264-7-cells
#12
Joanna Gdula-Argasińska, Paweł Paśko, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Katarzyna Kała, Bożena Muszyńska
The purpose of this study was to analyze the indolic, phenolic, and fatty acid content and antioxidant activity of garlic sprouts growing in the dark and in the daylight. The pro- or anti-inflammatory properties of the garlic sprout extract were investigated by evaluating the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E synthase (cPGES), glutathione S transferase (GSTM1), nuclear factor NF-κB, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) protein levels in the RAW 264...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859987/on-the-efficient-bio-incorporation-of-5-hydroxy-tryptophan-in-recombinant-proteins-expressed-in-escherichia-coli-with-t7-rna-polymerase-based-vectors
#13
Wellington P Oliveira-Souza, Fellipe Bronze, Jaap Broos, Marcelo F M Marcondes, Vitor Oliveira
Biosynthetic incorporation of non-canonic amino acids is an attractive strategy to introduce new properties in recombinant proteins. Trp analogs can be incorporated in recombinant proteins replacing regular Trp during protein translation into a Trp-auxotrophic cell host. This straightforward method however, is limited to few analogs recognized and accepted by the cellular protein production machinery. 5-hydroxy-tryptophan (5OH-Trp) can be bio-incorporated using E. coli as expression host however; we have experienced very low incorporation yields - amount of protein containing regular Trp/amount of protein containing the Trp analog - during expressions of 5OH-Trp labeled proteins...
October 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735520/gemst-a-taylor-made-combination-that-reverts-neuroanatomical-changes-in-stroke
#14
Arturo Mangas, Javier Yajeya, Noelia González, Isabel Ruiz, Marianny Pernìa, Michel Geffard, Rafael Coveñas
In a single transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model of stroke and using immunohistochemical techniques, the effects of a new therapeutic approach named Gemst (a member of the Poly-L-Lysine innovative therapies) have been studied in the rat brain. The expression of inflammatory (CD45, CD11b), oxidative (NO-tryptophan, NO2-tyrosine) and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase pathway (kynurenic acid, 3-hydroxy anthranilic acid) markers has been evaluated in early and late phases of stroke. For this purpose, we have developed eight highly specific monoclonal antibodies directed against some of these markers...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732132/entrapment-of-amino-acids-in-gas-phase-surfactant-assemblies-the-case-of-tryptophan-confined-in-positively-charged-1r-2s-dodecyl-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl-dimethylammonium-bromide-aggregates
#15
David Bongiorno, Valentina Calabrese, Leopoldo Ceraulo, Serena Indelicato, Vincenzo Turco Liveri
The ability of positively charged aggregates of the surfactant (1R,2S)-dodecyl(2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)dimethylammonium bromide (DMEB) to incorporate D-tryptophan or L-tryptophan in the gas phase has been investigated by electrospray ion mobility mass spectrometry (ESI-IM-MS). Strongly impacted by the pH of the electrosprayed solutions, both protonated (T+ ) and deprotonated (T- ) tryptophan are effectively included into the aggregates, whereas, tryptophan in zwitterionic (T0 ) form is practically absent in singly charged DMEB aggregates but can be found in multiply charged ones...
October 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628213/changes-in-kynurenine-pathway-metabolism-in-parkinson-patients-with-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia
#16
Jesper F Havelund, Andreas D Andersen, Michael Binzer, Morten Blaabjerg, Niels H H Heegaard, Egon Stenager, Nils J Faergeman, Jan Bert Gramsbergen
L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) is the most effective drug in the symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease, but chronic use is associated with L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in more than half the patients after 10 years of treatment. L-DOPA treatment may affect tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine pathway. Altered levels of kynurenine metabolites can affect glutamatergic transmission and may play a role in the development of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. In this study, we assessed kynurenine metabolites in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients and controls...
September 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585544/serotonin-modulates-a-depression-like-state-in-drosophila-responsive-to-lithium-treatment
#17
Ariane-Saskia Ries, Tim Hermanns, Burkhard Poeck, Roland Strauss
Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects millions of patients; however, the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Rodent models have been developed using chronic mild stress or unavoidable punishment (learned helplessness) to induce features of depression, like general inactivity and anhedonia. Here we report a three-day vibration-stress protocol for Drosophila that reduces voluntary behavioural activity. As in many MDD patients, lithium-chloride treatment can suppress this depression-like state in flies. The behavioural changes correlate with reduced serotonin (5-HT) release at the mushroom body (MB) and can be relieved by feeding the antidepressant 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan or sucrose, which results in elevated 5-HT levels in the brain...
June 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566493/urinary-sampling-for-5hiaa-and-metanephrines-determination-revisiting-the-recommendations
#18
REVIEW
Jean-Benoît Corcuff, Laurence Chardon, Ines El Hajji Ridah, Julie Brossaud
CONTEXT: Biogenic amines such as 5-hydroxy-indole acetic acid (5HIAA) the main metabolite of serotonin or metanephrines (catecholamines metabolites) are used as biomarkers of neuroendocrine tumours. OBJECTIVE: To re-evaluate the recommendations for urinary sampling (preservatives, diet, drugs, etc.) as many of the reported analytical interferences supporting these recommendations are related to obsolete assays. METHODS: Bibliographic analysis of old and modern assays concerning preservation, extraction, assay and interferences...
August 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434742/endocrine-and-metabolic-changes-in-transition-dairy-cows-are-affected-by-prepartum-infusions-of-a-serotonin-precursor
#19
Lorenzo E Hernández-Castellano, Laura L Hernandez, Helga Sauerwein, Rupert M Bruckmaier
Serotonin (5-HT) has been shown to be involved in calcium homeostasis, modulating calcium concentration in blood. In addition, 5-HT participates in a variety of metabolic pathways, mainly through the modulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. The hypothesis of the present study was that the prepartum administration of 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP), a 5-HT precursor, would affect endocrine systems related to calcium homeostasis, and interact with other endocrine and metabolic pathways during the transition period...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302759/preclinical-evaluation-of-11-c-sarcosine-as-a-substrate-of-proton-coupled-amino-acid-transporters-and-first-human-application-in-prostate-cancer
#20
Morand Piert, Xia Shao, David Raffel, Mathew S Davenport, Jeffrey Montgomery, Lakshmi Priya Kunju, Brian G Hockley, Javed Siddiqui, Peter J H Scott, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Thekkelnaycke Rajendiran
Sarcosine is a known substrate of proton-coupled amino acid transporters (PATs), which are overexpressed in selected tissues and solid tumors. Sarcosine, an N -methyl derivative of the amino acid glycine and a metabolic product of choline, plays an important role for prostate cancer aggressiveness and progression. Methods: 11 C-radiolabeled sarcosine was tested as a new PET imaging probe in comparison with 11 C-choline in 2 prostate cancer tumor xenograft models (DU-145 and PC-3). We characterized 11 C-sarcosine transport in PC-3 and LNCaP tumor cells and performed 11 C-sarcosine PET with CT in the first human subject with localized Gleason 4 + 3 prostate cancer...
August 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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