keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Water Intake

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643278/health-risks-of-environmental-exposure-to-metals-and-herbicides-in-the-pardo-river-brazil
#1
Carolina S Machado, Brisa M Fregonesi, Renato I S Alves, Karina A A Tonani, Jordi Sierra, Bruno S Martinis, Beatriz S Celere, Montse Mari, Marta Schuhmacher, Martí Nadal, Jose L Domingo, Susana Segura-Muñoz
Mixture of metals and herbicides in rivers may pose relevant risks for the health of surrounding communities. Humans may be exposed to river pollution through intake of contaminated water and fish, as well as irrigated agricultural products. The aim of this study was to assess the human health risks of environmental exposure to metals and herbicides through water and fish intake in the Pardo River. Metals (Al, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Mn, Hg, Ni, Tl, Sn, V, and Zn) were analyzed in river water and in edible fish...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642069/chronic-choline-supplementation-improves-cognitive-and-motor-performance-via-modulating-oxidative-and-neurochemical-status-in-rats
#2
Saiqa Tabassum, Saida Haider, Saara Ahmad, Syeda Madiha, Tahira Parveen
Choline, an essential nutrient, accounts for multiple functions in the body and brain. While its beneficial effects on healthy adults are not clear, choline supplementation is important during pregnancy for brain development, in elderly patients for support of cognitive performance and in patients with neurological disorders to reduce memory deficits. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate whether choline administration in healthy adult rats beneficially impacts cognitive and locomotor performance, and associated oxidative and neurochemical outcomes...
June 19, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641602/milk-replacers-supplemented-with-either-l-arginine-or-l-carnitine-potentially-improve-muscle-maturation-of-early-reared-low-birth-weight-piglets-from-hyperprolific-sows
#3
J G Madsen, S Mueller, M Kreuzer, M B Bigler, P Silacci, G Bee
As a result of the selection for genotypes with greater sow prolificacy, litter size increased and, concomitantly, average litter birth weight and early postnatal survival rates of low birth weight (L-BtW) offspring decreased. This study compared the impact of l-carnitine (CAR) and l-arginine (ARG) supplemented with a milk replacer and fed to L-BtW piglets born from large litters from days 7 to 28 of age on growth performance, carcass composition, organ and Semitendinosus muscle (STM) development. A total of 30 female and castrated Swiss Large White piglets weaned at 7 days of age were assigned to three milk replacer diets containing either no supplement (CON), CAR (0...
June 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639438/body-composition-analysis-to-study-long-term-training-effects-in-elite-male-water-polo-athletes
#4
Giovanni Melchiorri, Valerio Viero, Roberto Sorge, Tamara Triossi, Alessandro Campagna, Stella L Volpe, Dalgisio Lecis, Virginia Tancredi, Angela Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Elite water polo athletes undergo heavy training programs throughout the year, but especially to prepare major competitions, such as the Olympics. Optimal athletic performance is a result of many factors, including proper management of the intensity and volume of training, nutrition and recovery between training sessions. When training is excessive in relation to recovery may occur non functional overreaching (NFO). NFO can degenerate into overtraining syndrome (OTS) resulting in a decrease in athletic performance, with likely changes in body weight and body composition...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638781/bioinspired-mechano-sensitive-macroporous-ceramic-sponge-for-logical-drug-and-cell-delivery
#5
Changlu Xu, Zhihao Wei, Huajian Gao, Yanjie Bai, Huiling Liu, Huilin Yang, Yuekun Lai, Lei Yang
On-demand, ultrahigh precision delivery of molecules and cells assisted by scaffold is a pivotal theme in the field of controlled release, but it remains extremely challenging for ceramic-based macroporous scaffolds that are prevalently used in regenerative medicine. Sea sponges (Phylum Porifera), whose bodies possess hierarchical pores or channels and organic/inorganic composite structures, can delicately control water intake/circulation and therefore achieve high precision mass transportation of food, oxygen, and wastes...
June 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637188/the-influence-of-whole-corn-feeding-method-during-the-finishing-stage-on-the-performance-of-overfed-mule-ducks
#6
J Arroyo, F Lavigne, L Fortun-Lamothe
The aim of this trial was to compare 2 feeding systems based on whole corn, a loose-mix and a free-choice feeding system, during the finishing stage on the performance of ducks. Five hundred sixteen day-old male mule ducks (Muscovy drake × Pekin duck) were divided into 3 groups that differed in the presentation of the diet they received between 58 and 88 d of age: a complete pelleted diet (Control (CON) group; AMEn 12.1 MJ/kg, CP 15.0%) containing 500 g of corn per kg; or whole corn (AMEn 13.9 MJ/kg, CP 7...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636529/bladder-cancer-and-water-disinfection-by-product-exposures-through-multiple-routes-a-population-based-case-control-study-new-england-usa
#7
Laura E Beane Freeman, Kenneth P Cantor, Dalsu Baris, John R Nuckols, Alison Johnson, Joanne S Colt, Molly Schwenn, Mary H Ward, Jay H Lubin, Richard Waddell, G Monawar Hosain, Chris Paulu, Richard McCoy, Lee E Moore, An-Tsun Huang, Nat Rothman, Margaret R Karagas, Debra T Silverman
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of disinfection byproducts has been associated with bladder cancer in multiple studies. Although associations with other routes of exposure have been suggested, epidemiologic evidence is limited. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the relationship between bladder cancer and total, chlorinated, and brominated trihalomethanes (THMs) through various exposure routes. METHODS: In a population-based case-control study in New England ( cases; controls), we estimated lifetime exposure to THMs from ingestion, showering/bathing, and hours of swimming pool use...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636338/contributions-of-local-farming-to-urban-sustainability-in-the-northeast-united-states
#8
Benjamin P Goldstein, Michael Z Hauschild, John E Fernández, Morten Birkved
Food consumption is an important contributor to a city's environmental impacts (carbon emissions, land occupation, water use, etc.) Urban farming (UF) has been advocated as a means to increase urban sustainability by reducing food-related transport and tapping into local resources. Taking Boston as an illustrative Northeast U.S. city, we developed a novel method to estimate sub-urban, food-borne carbon and land footprints using multiregion-input-output modeling and nutritional surveys. Computer simulations utilizing primary data explored UF's ability to reduce these footprints using select farming technologies, building on previous city-scale UF assessments which have hitherto been dependent on proxy data for UF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636279/effects-of-in-ovo-injection-of-chrysin-quercetin-and-ascorbic-acid-on-hatchability-somatic-attributes-hepatic-oxidative-status-and-early-post-hatch-performance-of-broiler-chicks
#9
F Khaligh, A Hassanabadi, H Nassiri-Moghaddam, A Golian, G-A Kalidari
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of in ovo injection of chrysin, quercetin and ascorbic acid on hatchability, somatic attributes, hepatic antioxidant status and early post-hatch growth performance of broiler chicks. Four hundred and eighty embryonated broiler breeder eggs containing live 18-day-old embryos were divided into six groups of 80 eggs each. One group remained intact and served as a control group (i), whereas the other five groups were injected with the prepared injection solutions as follows: (ii) 0...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631910/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-among-young-rural-residents
#10
A V Sin'kov, I N Volosatova, G M Sin'kova, L A Nikolaeva
AIM: To determine the prevalence of nephrolithiasis, assess the significance of known risk factors, and identify new risk factors for nephrolithiasis among young rural residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 settlements of the Irkutsk rural district of the Irkutsk region and involved 408 inhabitants (93 men, 315 women) aged from 18 to 47 years. The selection of candidates for the study was randomized. The response of the population was 81...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631806/increasing-oil-concentration-affects-consumer-perception-and-physical-properties-of-mayonnaise-type-spreads-containing-kcl
#11
Damir Dennis Torrico, Witoon Prinyawiwatkul
Reducing sodium intakes remains a global challenge for the food industry. KCl is a potential salt substitute but imparts bitterness when used at high concentrations. Little is known about how oil concentrations (OC) affect consumers' perception of saltiness and bitterness in emulsion products such as mayonnaise containing KCl. We evaluated consumers' perception and physical properties of mayonnaise-type spreads at various oil and tastant (NaCl or KCl) concentrations. Consumers (N = 306) evaluated saltiness, bitterness, overall taste liking (OTL) and purchase intent (PI)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629846/hippocampal-gr-and-cb1-mediated-mglur5-differentially-produces-susceptibility-and-resilience-to-acute-and-chronic-mild-stress-in-rats
#12
Hongli Sun, Rujuan Su, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jun Wen, Dan Yao, Xinru Gao, Zhongliang Zhu, Hui Li
The molecular mechanism of individual response of susceptibility and resilience under psychological stress remains controversial and unclear. The present study aimed to explore the relationship of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) or cannabinoid receptor (CB1) and further indicate the molecular mechanism of susceptibility and resilience to acute stress (AS) and chronic mild stress (CMS). Sucrose preference test and open field test were used to evaluate the response of susceptibility and resilience under stress in rats...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629388/the-albumin-exendin-4-recombinant-protein-e2hsa-improves-glycemic-control-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-spontaneous-diabetic-kkay-mice
#13
Caina Li, Shaocong Hou, Shuainan Liu, Yi Huan, Sujuan Sun, Quan Liu, Zhufang Shen
BACKGROUND: E2HSA is a genetic fusion protein that consists of two tandem exendin-4 molecules that are covalently bonded to recombinant human serum albumin via a peptide linker. Previous studies have demonstrated that E2HSA significantly decreased blood glucose levels, improved β-cell function and promoted β-cell proliferation in diabetic db/dB mice. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of E2HSA on glucose and lipid metabolism in a spontaneous diabetes animal model, KKAy mice. METHODS: E2HSA was acutely administered at doses of 1, 3 and 9 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection in diabetic KKAy mice with exendin-4 (2 μg/kg) as a positive reference, and then the non-fasting blood glucose and food intake levels were dynamically monitored...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625546/the-lateral-parabrachial-nucleus-and-central-angiotensinergic-mechanisms-in-the-control-of-sodium-intake-induced-by-different-stimuli
#14
Camila F Roncari, Richard B David, Patrícia M De Paula, Débora S A Colombari, Laurival A De Luca, Eduardo Colombari, José V Menani
Angiotensin II (ANG II) is a typical facilitatory stimulus for sodium appetite. Surprisingly, hyperosmolarity and central cholinergic stimulation, two classical antinatriorexigenic stimuli, also facilitate NaCl intake when they are combined with injections of the α2-adrenoceptor/imidazoline agonist moxonidine into the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN). In the present study, we tested the relative importance of central angiotensinergic and cholinergic mechanisms for the control of water and NaCl intake by combining different dipsogenic or natriorexigenic stimuli with moxonidine injection into the LPBN...
June 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625218/the-response-of-male-and-female-rats-to-a-high-fructose-diet-during-adolescence-following-early-administration-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-aqueous-calyx-extracts
#15
K G Ibrahim, E Chivandi, F B O Mojiminiyi, K H Erlwanger
Metabolic syndrome is linked to the consumption of fructose-rich diets. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions perinatally can cause epigenetic changes that programme an individual to predispose or protect them from the development of metabolic diseases later. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) reportedly has anti-obesity and hypocholesterolaemic properties in adults. We investigated the impact of neonatal intake of HS on the programming of metabolism by fructose. A total of 85 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624729/modis-observations-of-cyanobacterial-risks-in-a-eutrophic-lake-implications-for-long-term-safety-evaluation-in-drinking-water-source
#16
Hongtao Duan, Min Tao, Steven Arthur Loiselle, Wei Zhao, Zhigang Cao, Ronghua Ma, Xiaoxian Tang
The occurrence and related risks from cyanobacterial blooms have increased world-wide over the past 40 years. Information on the abundance and distribution of cyanobacteria is fundamental to support risk assessment and management activities. In the present study, an approach based on Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis was used to estimate the concentrations of chlorophyll a (Chla) and the cyanobacterial biomarker pigment phycocyanin (PC) using data from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in Lake Chaohu (China's fifth largest freshwater lake)...
June 10, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624591/safe-limit-of-arsenic-in-soil-in-relation-to-dietary-exposure-of-arsenicosis-patients-from-malda-district-west-bengal-a-case-study
#17
Debasis Golui, D N Guha Mazumder, S K Sanyal, S P Datta, P Ray, P K Patra, S Sarkar, K Bhattacharya
Safe limit of arsenic in soil in relation to dietary exposure of arsenicosis patients was established in Malda district of West Bengal. Out of 182 participants examined, 80 (43.9%) participants showed clinical features of arsenicosis, characterized by arsenical skin lesion (pigmentation and keratosis), while 102 participants did not have any such lesion (control). Experimental results of the twenty eight soils (own field) of the participants showed the mean Olsen extractable and total arsenic concentration of 0...
June 15, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624121/leptin-like-immunoreactivity-in-the-central-nervous-system-digestive-organs-and-gonads-of-the-giant-freshwater-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#18
Jaruwan Poljaroen, Yotsawan Tinikul, Ruchanok Tinikul, Panat Anurucpreeda, Prasert Sobhon
Leptin, a highly conserved adipocyte-derived hormone, plays important roles in a variety of physiological processes, including the control of fat storage and metabolic status which are linked to food intake, energy homeostasis, and reproduction in all vertebrates. In the present study, we hypothesize that leptin is also present in various organs of the fresh water prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The existence and distribution of a leptin-like peptide in prawn tissues were verified by using Western blotting (WB) and immunohistochemical detection (ID) using primary antibody against human leptin...
June 14, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624085/multi-scale-nmr-and-mri-approaches-to-characterize-starchy-products
#19
R Kovrlija, C Rondeau-Mouro
This review deals with the use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance techniques to monitor the behavior of starch as well as the migration and distribution of water during the processing or storage of starchy matrices. The aim is to emphasize the potentials of NMR techniques for the quantitative characterization of water transfers in starch-water systems on different length scales. Relaxation and self-diffusion experiments using low-field NMR spectrometry provided important information on the relationship between water dynamics and the microscopic organization of starch granules at various temperatures and water contents...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623915/safety-pharmacology-and-subchronic-toxicity-of-jinqing-granules-in-rats
#20
Xuerong Zhou, Qian Rong, Min Xu, Yuanli Zhang, Qi Dong, Yuanling Xiao, Qiji Liu, Helin Chen, Xiaoyu Yang, Kaisheng Yu, Yinglun Li, Ling Zhao, Gang Ye, Fei Shi, Cheng Lv
BACKGROUND: Jinqing granules which are made of a mixture extract that contains Radix Tinosporae and Canarii fructus in proportions according to a longstanding formula have a good effect on the prevention and treatment of gastric ulcer disease. It has not been through safety through systematic toxicological studies, however. To provide basis for clinical application, we performed safety pharmacology and subchronic toxicity experiments in specific pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley rats. RESULTS: In safety pharmacology experiments, Jinqing granules had no evident adverse effects on the central nervous, cardiovascular, or respiratory systems...
June 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
keyword
keyword
49112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"