keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Water Intake

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319252/physiologic-reduction-of-hepatic-venous-blood-flow-by-the-valsalva-maneuver-decreases-liver-stiffness
#1
Selcan Ipek-Ugay, Heiko Tzschätzsch, Jürgen Braun, Thomas Fischer, Ingolf Sack
OBJECTIVES: Liver stiffness increases after intake of food or water, suggesting that hepatic venous blood flow affects the results of elastographic measurements. This study investigated the correlation between in vivo liver stiffness and hepatic blood flow using the Valsalva maneuver for reducing intrahepatic venous blood flow. METHODS: Intrahepatic changes in venous blood flow were assessed by sonography based on the pulsed wave Doppler velocity, vessel diameter assessment, and blood flow volume measurements in the portal vein and right hepatic vein...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316263/individualised-dietary-strategies-for-olympic-combat-sports-acute-weight-loss-recovery-and-competition-nutrition
#2
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
Olympic combat sports separate athletes into weight divisions, in an attempt to reduce size, strength, range and/or leverage disparities between competitors. Official weigh-ins are conducted anywhere from 3 and up to 24 h prior to competition ensuring athletes meet weight requirements (i.e. have 'made weight'). Fighters commonly aim to compete in weight divisions lower than their day-to-day weight, achieved via chronic and acute manipulations of body mass (BM). Although these manipulations may impair health and absolute performance, their strategic use can improve competitive success...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316054/the-effect-of-fluid-intake-following-dehydration-on-subsequent-athletic-and-cognitive-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Danielle McCartney, Ben Desbrow, Christopher Irwin
BACKGROUND: The deleterious effects of dehydration on athletic and cognitive performance have been well documented. As such, dehydrated individuals are advised to consume fluid in volumes equivalent to 1.25 to 1.5 L kg(-1) body mass (BM) lost to restore body water content. However, individuals undertaking subsequent activity may have limited time to consume fluid. Within this context, the impact of fluid intake practices is unclear. This systematic review investigated the effect of fluid consumption following a period of dehydration on subsequent athletic and cognitive performance...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306747/hypothermic-stunning-of-green-sea-turtles-in-a-western-gulf-of-mexico-foraging-habitat
#4
Donna J Shaver, Philippe E Tissot, Mary M Streich, Jennifer Shelby Walker, Cynthia Rubio, Anthony F Amos, Jeffrey A George, Michelle R Pasawicz
Texas waters provide one of the most important developmental and foraging habitats for juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the western Gulf of Mexico, but hypothermic stunning is a significant threat and was the largest cause of green turtle strandings in Texas from 1980 through 2015; of the 8,107 green turtles found stranded, 4,529 (55.9%) were victims of hypothermic stunning. Additionally, during this time, 203 hypothermic stunned green turtles were found incidentally captured due to power plant water intake entrapment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303703/assessment-of-dietary-choices-of-young-women-in-the-contexts-of-hormonal-contraceptives
#5
Mariola Friedrich, Magdalena Junak
Background: Metabolic changes caused by hormonal contraception combined with unbalanced diet may pose many threats, and deficiency or excess of nutrients may increase the risk of using such contraceptives. Objective: The purpose of the survey was to assess the dietary choices of young women using hormonal contraceptives, taking into account their general knowledge about the contraception and its impact on their bodies. Material and methods: The survey comprised 67 women aged from 18 to 25 years...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303537/concentrations-of-trace-metals-in-tissues-of-chionoecetes-crabs-chionoecetes-japonicus-and-chionoecetes-opilio-caught-from-the-east-japan-sea-waters-and-potential-risk-assessment
#6
Dong-Woon Hwang, Minkyu Choi, In-Seok Lee, Kil-Bo Shim, Tae-Hoon Kim
The concentrations of trace metals (As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Pb, and Zn) were measured in muscle and hepatopancreas of two Chionoecetes crabs (Chionoecetes japonicus and C. opilio) caught from the East/Japan Sea (EJS) in order to assess the potential health risk by the consumption of deep sea crabs. The highest metal concentrations in muscle and hepatopancreas were As and Fe, respectively, while the lowest metal concentration in two tissues was Pb. The mean concentrations of Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, and Pb in Chionoecetes crabs were one or two orders of magnitude higher in hepatopancreas than in muscles...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303049/chickpeas-suppress-postprandial-blood-glucose-concentration-and-appetite-and-reduce-energy-intake-at-the-next-meal
#7
Tasleem A Zafar, Yearul Kabir
The current study was designed to explore the beneficial properties of chickpeas consumption on suppressing appetite, excessive blood glucose excursions, and energy intake (EI) from a subsequent meal. Two caloric preloaded foods, chickpeas, and white bread were compared to water control, fed to healthy female subjects at equal energy density, volume, and available carbohydrate content in two experiments spanning over 60 and 120 min. Blood glucose was measured by a portable glucometer and satiety by using a visual analogue scale questionnaire at baseline and every 15 up to 60 min in both experiments and then every 30 until 120 min in Experiment 2 after the preloads ingestion...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302977/real-time-in-situ-simultaneous-monitoring-of-dissolved-oxygen-and-materials-movements-at-a-vicinity-of-micrometers-from-an-aquatic-plant-by-combining-deflection-of-a-probe-beam-and-fluorescence-quenching
#8
Xing-Zheng Wu, Xiaoyan Wu, Tomomi Inoue
It is desirable to be able to monitor the intake or release of the components at different organs of aquatic plants in real time and in-situ. Here, we report a novel optical detection system that allows for real-time in-situ simultaneous monitoring of the dissolved oxygen and material movements at a vicinity of micrometers from the aquatic plant surface. A blue semiconductor diode-laser was used as the light source of both the probe beam and excitation light for fluorescence. The laser light reflected by a dichroic mirror was focused to a vicinity of the plant/water interface in a culture dish by an objective lens...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301916/a-role-of-central-nell2-in-the-regulation-of-feeding-behavior-in-rats
#9
Jin Kwon Jeong, Jae Geun Kim, Han Rae Kim, Tae Hwan Lee, Jeong Woo Park, Byung Ju Lee
A brain-enriched secreting signal peptide, NELL2, has been suggested to play multiple roles in the development, survival, and activity of neurons in mammal. We investigated here a possible involvement of central NELL2 in regulating feeding behavior and metabolism. In situ hybridization and an immunohistochemical approach were used to determine expression of NELL2 as well as its colocalization with proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the rat hypothalamus. To investigate the effect of NELL2 on feeding behavior, 2 nmole of antisense NELL2 oligodeoxynucleotide was administered into the lateral ventricle of adult male rat brains for 6 consecutive days, and changes in daily body weight, food, and water intake were monitored...
March 15, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300773/the-low-fodmap-diet-many-question-marks-for-a-catchy-acronym
#10
REVIEW
Giulia Catassi, Elena Lionetti, Simona Gatti, Carlo Catassi
FODMAP, "Fermentable Oligo-, Di- and Mono-saccharides And Polyols", is a heterogeneous group of highly fermentable but poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates and polyols. Dietary FODMAPs might exacerbate intestinal symptoms by increasing small intestinal water volume, colonic gas production, and intestinal motility. In recent years the low-FODMAP diet for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has gained increasing popularity. In the present review we aim to summarize the physiological, clinical, and nutritional issues, suggesting caution in the prolonged use of this dietary treatment on the basis of the existing literature...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298273/challenges-and-lessons-learned-in-generating-and-interpreting-nhanes-nutritional-biomarker-data
#11
REVIEW
Christine M Pfeiffer, David A Lacher, Rosemary L Schleicher, Clifford L Johnson, Elizabeth A Yetley
For the past 45 y, the National Center for Health Statistics at the CDC has carried out nutrition surveillance of the US population by collecting anthropometric, dietary intake, and nutritional biomarker data, the latter being the focus of this publication. The earliest biomarker testing assessed iron and vitamin A status. With time, a broad spectrum of water- and fat-soluble vitamins was added and biomarkers for other types of nutrients (e.g., fatty acids) and bioactive dietary compounds (e.g., phytoestrogens) were included in NHANES...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298158/intake-of-saffron-reduces-%C3%AE-radiation-induced-genotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-mice
#12
Apurva Koul, Suresh K Abraham
Saffron (SAF), the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus is commonly used for flavouring and coloring food. Studies on bioactivity of SAF have demonstrated its in vivo antioxidant activity. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of SAF intake on γ-radiation (RAD) induced: (a) chromosomal damage, (b) oxidative stress in liver and brain and (c) histopathological effects in the intestinal cells and male germ cells in mice. Freeze-dried aqueous extract of SAF was used for the experiments. Our preliminary cell-free DNA nicking assay using pBR322 DNA revealed protective effects of freeze-dried SAF extract against hydroxyl radical induced DNA damage...
March 15, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296943/new-approaches-to-determine-fatigue-in-elite-athletes-during-intensified-training-resting-metabolic-rate-and-pacing-profile
#13
Amy L Woods, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Bronwen Lundy, Anthony J Rice, Kevin G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Elite rowers complete a high volume of training across a number of modalities to prepare for competition, including periods of intensified load, which may lead to fatigue and short-term performance decrements. As yet, the influence of substantial fatigue on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and exercise regulation (pacing), and their subsequent utility as monitoring parameters, has not been explicitly investigated in elite endurance athletes. METHOD: Ten National-level rowers completed a four-week period of intensified training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295666/impact-of-diet-composition-and-temperature-humidity-index-on-water-and-dry-matter-intake-of-high-yielding-dairy-cows
#14
S Ammer, C Lambertz, D von Soosten, K Zimmer, U Meyer, S Dänicke, M Gauly
The temperature-humidity index (THI) is widely used to characterize heat stress in dairy cattle. Diet composition is known to induce variation in metabolic-associated heat production. However, the relationships between THI and diet are poorly characterized with regard to performance and intake behaviour. Therefore, the objectives were to evaluate the impact of THI on water intake (WI), dry matter intake (DMI) and the frequency of drinking and feeding bouts in lactating dairy cows offered four dietary treatments: each contained 20% grass silage and additionally (i) 20% maize silage, 60% concentrate (M-HC); (ii) 60% maize silage, 20% concentrate (M-LC); (iii) 20% pressed beet pulp silage, 60% concentrate (BPS-HC); or (iv) 60% pressed beet pulp silage, 20% concentrate (BPS-LC) (DM basis)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294976/vitamins-and-microelement-bioavailability-in-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
REVIEW
Magdalena Jankowska, Bolesław Rutkowski, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) predisposes one to either deficiency or toxic excess of different micronutrients. The knowledge on micronutrients-specifically water-soluble vitamins and trace elements-in CKD is very limited. Consequently, current guidelines and recommendations are mostly based on expert opinions or poor-quality evidence. Abnormalities of micronutrient resources in CKD develop for several reasons. Dietary restrictions and anorexia lead to an insufficient micronutrient intake, while diuretics use and renal replacement therapy lead to their excessive losses...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287629/metabolic-disturbances-due-to-a-high-fat-diet-in-a-non-insulin-resistant-animal-model
#16
L Ramalho, M N da Jornada, L C Antunes, M P Hidalgo
OBJECTIVE: Shift workers have metabolic changes more often than day workers. It is also known that night workers prefer foods high in saturated fat. Such data suggest that shift workers are prone to cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to propose an animal model to test the effect of high-fat diet (HFD) based on shift workers' diet. METHODS: This is an experimental study with 20 Wistar rats. Ten rats were allocated to the control group (CG) and were fed standard diet...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286556/prospective-study-of-factors-important-to-achieve-observation-of-the-entire-colon-on-colon-capsule-endoscopy
#17
Junichi Sato, Masanao Nakamura, Osamu Watanabe, Takeshi Yamamura, Kohei Funasaka, Eizaburo Ohno, Ryoji Miyahara, Hiroki Kawashima, Hidemi Goto, Yoshiki Hirooka
BACKGROUND: Colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) is a procedure in which capsule swallowing facilitates observation of the lumen of the entire digestive tract. It does not require an air supply, and is a noninvasive procedure with a markedly low risk of adverse events in comparison with conventional colonoscopy (CS). It reduces patient stress, and may be acceptable to patients. A limitation of this procedure is that the entire colon observation rate (CCE excretion rate, completed CCE rate) is not 100%...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286126/circadian-rhythms-of-hedonic-drinking-behavior-in-mice
#18
Claire Bainier, Maria Mateo, Marie-Paule Felder-Schmittbuhl, Jorge Mendoza
In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is the site of the main circadian clock, synchronized by the light-dark cycle, which generates behavioral rhythms like feeding, drinking and activity. Notwithstanding, the main role of the SCN clock on the control of all circadian rhythms has been questioned due to the presence of clock activity in many brain areas, including those implicated in the regulation of feeding and reward. Moreover, whether circadian rhythms of particular motivated behaviors exist is unknown...
March 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285527/hot-water-extracts-from-roots-of-vitis-thunbergii-var-taiwaniana-and-identified-%C3%AE%C2%B5-viniferin-improve-obesity-in-high-fat-diet-induced-mice
#19
Yeh-Lin Lu, Shyr-Yi Lin, Sheng-Uei Fang, Ying-Ying Hsieh, Chiy-Rong Chen, Chi Luan Wen, Chi-I Chang, Wen-Chi Hou
In this study, hot-water extracts (HW) from roots of Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana (VTT-R) were shown significantly (P < 0.01 or 0.001) to lower lipid accumulations compared to the control in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The VTT-R-HW (40 mg/kg) interventions concurrent with a high-fat (HF) diet in C57BL/6 mice over a 5-week period were shown significantly (P < 0.05) to reduce body weights compared to those fed with the HF diet under the same food-intake regimen. The (+)-ε-viniferin isolated from VTT-R-HW was shown significantly to reduce lipid deposits compared to the control (P < 0...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284958/risk-assessment-of-fluoride-exposure-in-drinking-water-of-tunisia
#20
Wiem Guissouma, Othman Hakami, Abdul Jabbar Al-Rajab, Jamila Tarhouni
The presence of fluoride in drinking water is known to reduce dental cavities among consumers, but an excessive intake of this anion might leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis. This study reports a complete survey of the fluoridated tap water taken from 100 water consumption points in Tunisia. The fluoride concentrations in tap water were between 0 and 2.4 mg L(-1). Risk assessment of Fluoride exposure was assessed depending on the age of consumers using a four-step method: hazard identification, toxicity reference values selection (TRVs), daily exposure assessment, and risk characterization...
March 3, 2017: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
49112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"