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health and spirituality

Yousef Aslani, Reyhaneh Niknejad, Maryam Moghimian, Jaefar Maghaddasi, Mohammad Akbari
BACKGROUND: Breathing and living on mechanical ventilation develops a different feeling in patients. Most of such feelings and experiences are not pleasant and can lead to psychiatric disorders in the patients after they are detached from the ventilator. The aim of this study is to explore the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted according to an interpretive epistemological approach in 2016...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Vanessa B Sheppard, Robin Walker, Winifred Phillips, Victoria Hudson, Hanfei Xu, Mark L Cabling, Jun He, Arnethea L Sutton, Jill Hamilton
Spirituality has been shown to be important to many individuals dealing with a cancer diagnosis. While African-American breast cancer survivors have been reported to have higher levels of spirituality compared to White women, little is known about how levels of spirituality may vary among African-American breast cancer survivors. The aims of this study were to examine factors associated with spirituality among African-American survivors and test whether spirituality levels were associated with women's attitudes about treatment or health care...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Yim Wah Mak, Angela H F Kao, Lucia W Y Tam, Virginia W C Tse, Don T H Tse, Doris Y P Leung
AimThis study aimed to examine the relationships between socio-economic status, health-promoting lifestyles, and quality of life among Chinese nursing students. BACKGROUND: Nursing students will be future health promoters, but they may not always adopt the recommended healthy lifestyle. Currently, there are insufficient studies examining the health-promoting lifestyles of Chinese nursing students, and the impact of socio-economic status and health-promoting lifestyle on their health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey...
April 6, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Judith R Ragsdale
Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is a process focused on developing students' personal integration. Outcomes for CPE need to expand to reflect current research in religion and spirituality because religion and spirituality impacts coping, meaning making, decision-making, and health care outcomes. Focusing CPE outcomes on religious/spiritual beliefs and practices used by patients will equip chaplains to provide research-informed spiritual care for families and discipline-specific information for the interdisciplinary team...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Heidrun Dröscher, Christian Vajda, Andreas Fink, Human F Unterrainer
The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the parameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes that several levels of emotions - ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emotions such as spirituality - interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to further explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized that personality - formed by bottom-up primary emotions and cortical top-down regulation - might act as a link between primary emotions and religious/spiritual well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Natalie Turner, Julia F Hastings, Harold W Neighbors
OBJECTIVES: As adults increase in age, the likelihood for using mental health care services decrease. Underutilization, expecially among racial/ethnic minorities such as African American and Caribbean Blacks, can result in a decrease in quality of life, as well as significant costs to families, employers, and health systems. METHODS: The study explored the differences in relationships between mental health care usage and strength of religious/spiritual beliefs between African American and Caribbean Black older adults (54 years or older) and adults (18-53 years) using data from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Nathan A Boucher, Karen E Steinhauser, Kimberly S Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To describe older Veteran's perspectives on the current delivery of religious or spiritual (R/S) care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with older veterans with advanced stage cancer, heart failure, or pulmonary disease to elicit views on when, how, and by whom religious and spiritual care is preferred. RESULTS: The sample (n = 17) was largely male (94%), non-Hispanic white (52.9%), Christian (82.3%), and most had at least some college education (64...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Angela M Simmons, Felecia M Rivers, Sandi Gordon, Linda H Yoder
BACKGROUND: Military nurses provide care to seriously injured service members in flight, on the ground, or at sea during transport from the point of injury to a facility capable of providing higher levels of care. From this experience nurses are at increased risk of developing negative behavioral health symptoms. Spirituality, a belief in someone or something greater than oneself, could provide behavioral health support for military nurses who serve in this role. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of spirituality on the behavioral health of nurses who provided en route care while deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
Lucas Richert, Matthew DeCloedt
Much discussion about mental health has revolved around treatment models. As interdisciplinary scholarship has shown, mental health knowledge, far from being a neutral product detached from the society that generated it, was shaped by politics, economics and culture. By drawing on case studies of yoga, religion and fitness, this article will examine the ways in which mental health practices-sometimes scientific, sometimes spiritual-have been conceived, debated and applied by researchers and the public. More specifically, it will interrogate the relationship between yoga, psychedelics, South Asian and Eastern religion (as understood and practiced in the USA) and mental health...
March 30, 2018: Medical Humanities
Chantira Chiaranai, Saranya Chularee, Sujirat Srithongluang
This study aimed to gain a better understanding of what it is like for older people to live with chronic illness. A Phenomenological method was used. A purposive sampling strategy was used to recruit older people with chronic illness from one community in Nakhonratchasima province, Thailand. Semi-structured interview guides were used to explore the participants' experiences and perceptions. Data saturation was reached after 30 interviews were completed. The data was analyzed using thematic analysis. Four themes emerged from the data: 1) living a restricted life, 2) feeling overwhelmed, 3) understanding and accepting loss, and 4) being kind to oneself and learning to live with the disease...
March 26, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Susan L Huehn, Mary Beth Kuehn, Katherine E Fick
Interprofessional educational experiences for baccalaureate nursing students are essential to prepare them for interprofessional communication and collaborative interprofessional teamwork. The aim of this descriptive qualitative study was to understand the experience of baccalaureate nursing students utilizing the hospital chaplain while caring for a suicidal patient in the emergency department during simulation. The need for interprofessional education is documented in the literature, but there are very few comprehensive, successful projects integrating spiritual care for nurse educators to use as models...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Robert M Cronin, Jane S Hankins, Jeannie Byrd, Brandi M Pernell, Adetola Kassim, Patricia Adams-Graves, Alexis A Thompson, Karen Kalinyak, Michael R DeBaun, Marsha Treadwell
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient care is critical in the management of chronic diseases, including sickle cell disease (SCD). Risk factors for poor adherence with clinic appointments in SCD are poorly defined. This exploratory study evaluated associations between modifying variables from the Health Belief Model and missed appointments. METHODS: We surveyed adults with SCD (n = 211) and caregivers of children with SCD (n = 331) between October 2014 and March 2016 in six centres across the U...
March 29, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Gail Ironson, Aurelie Lucette, Emily Hylton, Kenneth I Pargament, Neal Krause
Inflammation, often measured by C-reactive protein (CRP), is thought to be related to a number of debilitating illnesses as we age, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Stress has also been implicated in these processes. This study examines potential protective effects of spirituality and religion in older adults who have experienced stressful life events. As part of the nationwide Landmark Study of Spirituality and Health, a subsample of 643 middle-aged and older adults (age ≥ 50) who were at or above the median in number of life stressors (≥ 2) was included in this analysis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Thembelihle Zuma, Daniel Wight, Tamsen Rochat, Mosa Moshabela
Background: South Africa introduced the world's largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) program in 2004 and since 2016 the Department of Health implemented a universal Treatment as Prevention (TasP) strategy. However, some studies have shown that increasing the availability of ART is insufficient for the comprehensive treatment of HIV, since many people still use traditional health practitioners (THPs) to avoid being identified as HIV positive, and for reasons unrelated to HIV/AIDS. This qualitative study explored the factors influencing how both HIV-negative and HIV-positive people choose amongst multiple sources of healing and how they engage with them, in the context of HIV/AIDS and wide availability of ART...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Andrew Collins, Darpanjot Bhathal, Tara Field, Randene Larlee, Rachael Paje, Daneen Young
BACKGROUND: Individuals confronting a terminal illness can experience intense psychological distress. Previous research has shown that hope can enhance one's ability to acknowledge, accept, and fight a terminal illness. Patients can continue to have hope or be hopeful, even in the face of a terminal illness. Can participation in a creative writing practice improve the expression of hope in a hospice setting? METHODS: In this program evaluation, each expressed hope placed on the "Hope Tree" was independently coded by all research team members utilizing inductive content analysis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Roger A Atinga, Lily Yarney, Narissa Minta Gavu
BACKGROUND: Evidence remains limited on why diabetes and hypertensive patients admitted to long-term drug therapy miss doses or discontinue medication taking. We examined this phenomenon from the perspective of diabetes and hypertension patients at a Ghanaian teaching hospital. METHODS: Between July and December 2015, we conducted a qualitative study targeting caregivers and their patients with chronic diabetes and hypertensive on re-admission at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital due to non-adherence to prescribed medication...
2018: PloS One
Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Rocío de Diego-Cordero, Estefanía Rivilla-García
The objective of this study is to know the influence of religious/spiritual elements on the adherence to pharmacological therapy. The descriptors used for this literature review were "medicine, medication, drug, or treatment," "adherence to treatment," and "religion or spirituality or faith or prayer" in different databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed). Finally, 23 articles were selected. Articles available in full text, published between 2010 and 2017, in English or Spanish were included...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Johny Bajgai
Background: Different health behaviors influence health and illness. Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of health promotion. The aim of this study was to identify the association between spiritual behavior in relation to meditation, worship, and physical exercise during yoga with self-reported disease/illness among women of the Kailali district of Nepal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 453 randomly selected women in the Kailali district of Nepal within 1 municipality and 4 village development committees (VDC) using cluster sampling...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Blase N Polite, Toni M Cipriano-Steffens, Fay J Hlubocky, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Ying Cheng, Katherine C Brewer, Garth H Rauscher, George A Fitchett
BACKGROUND: This study explores whether externalizing religious and spiritual beliefs is associated with advanced-stage colon cancer at initial oncology presentation and whether this association is stronger for blacks than for whites. METHODS: Patients who had newly diagnosed, invasive colon cancer were recruited at 9 sites in the Chicago metropolitan area. Eligible patients were non-Hispanic white or black, ages 30 to 79 years, and diagnosed with a primary invasive colon cancer...
March 26, 2018: Cancer
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