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health and spirituality

Erin M Mobley, Kristin J Foster, William W Terry
PURPOSE: In an effort to counteract the differences in improvement in survival rates of adolescents and young adults (AYA), compared to other age groups with cancer, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics established an AYA cancer program. This study was conducted to gather feedback from AYAs in an effort to generate actionable data for program development. METHODS: The target population included patients aged 13-31 treated for malignancy in one of the following disease sites: central nervous system, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroendocrine, sarcoma, and thyroid...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Jianzhi Li, Jiangdong Yu, Xi Chen, Xuewen Quan, Lan Zhou
Hypertension is considered as an important public health problem in developed and developing countries. The disease is closely associated with health-promoting lifestyle (HPL), and it seems that HPL plays an important role in improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This cross-sectional study is to investigate the effects of health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) on health-related quality of life in elderly people with hypertension from a community health service center in Hengyang, Hunan, PR China.Totally 530 elderly patients with hypertension from the community health service center were included in this study, who were asked to fill in a questionnaire (504 patients responded)...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mojdeh Rahmanian, Mohsen Hojat, Naima Seyed Fatemi, Abbas Mehran, Soroor Parvizy
INTRODUCTION: Self-management leads to blood glucose control and reduced morbidity and mortality in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Different factors affect the self-management whose role and effect are still unknown. Among the influential factors whose effect is vague are spiritual intelligence, and this study aims to investigate the predictive role of spiritual intelligence in diabetes management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-correlation study, 200 adolescents with type 1 diabetes were enrolled...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Donna M Klingspohn
Indigenous women in Canada face a range of health and social issues including domestic violence. Indigenous women (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) are six times more likely to be killed than non-Aboriginal women (Homicide in Canada, 2014; Miladinovic and Mulligan, 2015). Aboriginal women are 2.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than non-Aboriginal women (Robertson, 2010). These and other statistics highlight a significant difference in the level of violence experienced by Indigenous women to that experienced by women in the mainstream population in Canada...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Michal Kalman, Peter Tavel, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religious attendance (RA) have been associated with personal attitudes and values, and this may affect lifestyle. The aim of this study was to explore their association with adolescent leisure-time choices in a highly secular environment. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 4,182, 14.4±1.1 years, 48.6% boys) participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children cross-sectional study. We measured RA, spirituality (adjusted shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale), excessive television, computer games, and internet use, as well as participation in organized leisure-time activities...
2018: PloS One
Wanqiu Yang, Timothy Sim, Ke Cui, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers performing rescue tasks in large-scale disaster areas are usually challenged in terms of physical and mental endurance, which can affect their lifestyles. Nevertheless, data on whether health care workers tend to adopt healthy lifestyles after disasters are limited. This paper compares the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among health care workers with that among non-health care workers in a postdisaster area. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August 2016...
June 18, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sydney Church, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, Abhijit Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large burden of a relative's drinking on their family members, the latter's perspectives and experiences are largely neglected. The aims of this article are to assess the coping strategies used by affected family members (AFMs) in Goa, India, and to examine the nature of the support they have for dealing with their drinking relative. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with adult AFMs selected through purposive and maximum variation sampling...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Carol Y Ochoa, Regine Haardörfer, Cam Escoffery, Kevin Stein, Kassandra I Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: Although cancer survival rates continue to improve, overall disparities persist for ethnic minority survivors, who have a disproportionately high risk of experiencing poor quality of life, despite documented higher levels of self-reported spirituality. Yet, little is known about the relationship between spirituality and social support and health outcomes among Hispanic survivors. This study examined (1) differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white survivors on health, social support and spirituality and (2) the potential mediating roles of mental health and emotional distress on general health perceptions...
June 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Mercedes Rativa Velandia, Sonia Patricia Carreño Moreno
OBJECTIVES: This work sought to determine the family economic burden associated with caring for the child with cancer. METHODS: Descriptive study with quantitative approach. The sample comprised 50 families of children with cancer attending a foundation in Bogotá (Colombia), which accompanies integrally children with lupus and cancer from a vulnerable population (providing food, psychological and spiritual advice, lodging, transportation and education). An identification file was employed to characterize the subjects and the Survey "Financial cost of caring for Chronic illness" by Montoya et al...
February 2018: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Livia Beraldo, Antonio Ventriglio, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Antonio Geraldo da Silva, Julio Torales, Priscila Dib Goncalves, Dinesh Bhugra
Substance use disorders are an important public health problem with a multifactorial etiology and limited effective treatment options. Within this context, spirituality-based approaches may provide interesting and useful options in managing substance use disorders. This kind of intervention can have positive effects in alleviating some core symptoms associated with substance use, such as aggressiveness. Improvement in cessation rates for alcohol, cocaine and opioid use disorders have also been described in some clinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
Mehdi Akbari, Sayed Morteza Hossaini
Objective: The World Health Organization's definition of health now stands open to severe criticism due to changes in today's world and the accompanying mental void; in addition to physical, psychological, and social aspects, spiritual health and its interaction with the other aspects has been studied in scientific literature and recent research. The present study was conducted to investigate the mediating role of emotional regulation in the relationship between spiritual health with quality of life, psychological health, and burnout...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mrayam Biglari Abhari, John W Fisher, Azita Kheiltash, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Spiritual well-being is an important issue in health sciences, hence the need for validated instruments to assess this aspect of health in the Iranian population. The aim of the current study was to determine the validity of the Persian versions of 2 most common measures of spiritual health (Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire [SWBQ] or Spiritual Health and Life-Orientation Measure [SHALOM] and Spiritual Well-Being Scale [SWBS]). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study via a convenience sampling method in Iran University of Medical Sciences with 170 participants aged above 18 years comprising students, teachers, and administrative staff and managers...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Kamisha Hamilton Escoto, Kathrin Milbury, Nga Nguyen, Dalnim Cho, Crystal Roberson, David Wetter, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the use of complementary health practices (e.g., mind/body practices and dietary supplements) among African Americans, particularly those who identify as being spiritual and/or religious. Furthermore, research on the health and health behavior profiles of such complementary health users is scant. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of complementary health practices and their lifestyle and health indicator correlates in a large, church-based African American population...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Christopher Boyle, Sima Beik, Azar Jafari, Masoumeh Bagheri Nesami, Mozhgan Taebi, Fatemeh Zamani
Religious and spiritual practices are related to physical and mental health. Social support is an important source to aid coping, but this is not without its difficulties. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between religious coping and self-care in a sample of Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October-December, 2015), 380 cancer patients were entered into the study using non random sampling (accessible sampling). Data were collected using socio-demographic, religious coping (R-COPE), and self-care questionnaires...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Aaron B Franzen
This study examines physicians' beliefs, their perceptions of whether religion impacts health outcomes, and their propensity to discuss religion/spirituality with patients. It is not uncommon for patients to want religious/spiritual conversations, but the occurrence is infrequent. This study adds to knowledge regarding which physicians include these topics. Using a nationally representative sample of physicians and a mediated bi-factor structural equation model, the author finds that "religious and spiritual" physicians connect religion and patient health more than other religious/spiritual orientations...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Sarah E Koss, Ross Weissman, Vinca Chow, Patrick T Smith, Bethany Slack, Vitaliy Voytenko, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
Community-based clergy are highly engaged in helping seriously ill patients address spiritual concerns at the end of life (EOL). While they desire EOL training, no data exist in guiding how to conceptualize a clergy-training program. The objective of this study was used to identify best practices in an EOL training program for community clergy. As part of the National Clergy Project on End-of-Life Care, the project conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with active clergy in five US states (California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Marcos Montagnini, Heather M Smith, Deborah M Price, Bidisha Ghosh, Linda Strodtman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, most deaths occur in hospitals, with approximately 25% of hospitalized patients having palliative care needs. Therefore, the provision of good end-of-life (EOL) care to these patients is a priority. However, research assessing staff preparedness for the provision of EOL care to hospitalized patients is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess health-care professionals' self-perceived competencies regarding the provision of EOL care in hospitalized patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Justin J Sanders, Kimberly S Johnson, Kimberly Cannady, Joanna Paladino, Dee W Ford, Susan D Block, Katherine R Sterba
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore multiple perspectives regarding barriers to and facilitators of advance care planning (ACP) among African Americans to identify similarities or differences that might have clinical implications. METHOD: Qualitative study with health disparities experts (n = 5), community members (n = 9), and seriously ill African American patients and caregivers (n = 11). Using template analysis, interviews were coded to identify intrapersonal, interpersonal, and systems-level themes in accordance with a social ecological framework...
June 5, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Annadurai Senthilkumar, Noushad Karuvantevida, Luca Rastrelli, Shyam S Kurup, Abdul J Cheruth
Moringa is a sole genus of Moringaceae family with 13 species distributed in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Among them, Moringa peregrina is one of the species which has wide range of traditional, nutritional, industrial, and medicinal values. The plant parts are used in folk medicine for many human health care purposes including diabetes, wound healing, disinfectant, fever, constipation, muscle pains, slimness, burns, labor pain, hypertension, malaria, stomach disorder, asthma, skin problems, and to expel a retained placenta...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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