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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319319/association-between-religious-practice-and-risk-of-depression-in-older-people-in-the-subacute-setting
#1
Alice Lac, Nicole Austin, Renata Lemke, Suma Poojary, Peter Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between religious practice and risk of depression in older people admitted to a subacute hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 patients aged ≥65 years with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores ≥24 consecutively admitted to a subacute hospital. Religious practice was measured using the Duke University Religion Index and risk of depression using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317221/psychological-and-clinical-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-cancer-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#2
REVIEW
Anna Casellas-Grau, Cristian Ochoa, Chiara Ruini
OBJECTIVE: To describe major findings on posttraumatic growth (PTG) in cancer, by analyzing its various definitions, assessment tools, and examining its main psychological and clinical correlates. Methods A search in relevant databases (PsycINFO, Pubmed, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science) was performed using descriptors related to the positive reactions in cancer. Articles were screened by title, abstract and full-text. RESULTS: Seventy-two met the inclusion criteria...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315988/importance-of-religion-or-spirituality-and-mental-health-in-canada
#3
Maryam Dilmaghani
Using the latest mental health cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 20,868), this paper examines how the importance of religion or spirituality in one's life associates with mental health. Based on this question, the population is divided into three groups of high religiosity, average religiosity, and secularized. Secularized individuals are shown to have large deficits in all the psychological markers suggested to mediate the relationship between religiosity and mental health, compared to the two other groups...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303987/development-of-islamic-spiritual-health-scale-ishs
#4
Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Abbas Heydari, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Mahdi Ebrahimi, Habibollah Esmaili
OBJECTIVE: To develop and psychometrically assess spiritual health scale based on Islamic view in Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Imam Ali and Quem hospitals in Mashhad and Imam Ali and Imam Reza hospitals in Bojnurd, Iran, from 2015 to 2016 In the first stage, an 81-item Likert-type scale was developed using a qualitative approach. The second stage comprised quantitative component. The scale's impact factor, content validity ratio, content validity index, face validity and exploratory factor analysis were calculated...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#5
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295762/psychological-impairments-burden-and-spirituality-in-caregivers-of-terminally-ill-cancer-patients
#6
C Lai, M Luciani, C Di Mario, F Galli, E Morelli, P Ginobbi, P Aceto, L Lombardo
The role of spirituality on the psychological health was mostly investigated through studies conducted in terminally ill patients. However, there are not studies investigating the role of religious and spiritual beliefs on psychological state and on burden dimensions in caregivers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between spirituality, burden, and psychological state in caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients. Two hundred caregivers of terminally ill patients with cancer were interviewed using Prolonged Grief Disorder 12 (PG-12), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D), Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) and System of Belief Inventory (SBI-15R)...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294318/impact-of-killing-in-war-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
Shira Maguen, Kristine Burkman, Erin Madden, Julie Dinh, Jeane Bosch, Jessica Keyser, Martha Schmitz, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effectiveness of Impact of Killing (IOK), a novel, cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) aimed at reducing mental health symptoms and functional impairment. METHOD: Participants were 33 combat Veterans with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis who had completed trauma-focused psychotherapy and reported distress regarding killing or feeling responsible for the deaths of others in war. Veterans were randomized to either IOK treatment or a 6-week waitlist condition, after which Veterans could receive IOK...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294031/nursingstandard-com
#8
(no author information available yet)
1 The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has issued new guidance urging nurses to do more to address the spiritual, social and cultural needs of patients during their final days of life. Read more: rcni.com/spirituality-needs.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#9
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287672/some-good-news-about-substance-use-disorders
#10
Julie Worley
Substance use disorders (SUDs) have reached epidemic proportions in the United States. The focus on the bad news related to SUDs can lead to a sense of hopelessness for nurses about identifying and managing these disorders. What is not as widely known is that there have been advances in several areas related to SUDs. This good news includes growing science about the neurobiology of these disorders and approaches to reduce stigma. In addition, there are known factors to improve success in recovery, such as improved quality of life, self-efficacy, and spirituality...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285234/caregiver-reported-religious-beliefs-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-children-admitted-to-an-epilepsy-monitoring-unit
#11
Julia Fleming Beattie, Matthew D Thompson, Pamela H Parks, Ruth Q Jacobs, Monisha Goyal
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) includes a wide range of practices and products that are generally outside the use of conventional medicine as practiced in Western cultures. Use of CAM in persons with epilepsy is high, even compared to individuals with other chronic health conditions. In this study, we surveyed caregivers of children admitted to a regional epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) in the southeast United States to assess CAM use among patients (N=225). Thirteen percent of respondents indicated current use of CAM by their child, 16% reported past use, and 43% reported interest in future use, most commonly in marijuana as a potential treatment (23%)...
March 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283931/spiritual-health-a-concept-analysis
#12
Azita Jaberi, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Spiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, 1995) concept analysis method was used in this study...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281134/the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-the-association-between-stress-and-health
#13
Daryl R Van Tongeren, Peter C Hill, Neal Krause, Gail H Ironson, Kenneth I Pargament
BACKGROUND: Stress is a common feature of life and has routinely been linked with negative health outcomes. However, meaning has been identified as a possible buffer against stress. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the relationship between stress and health was mediated by meaning in life. METHODS: Drawing from Wave 1 of the Landmark Spirituality and Health Study, a nationally representative sample of adults, participants (N = 1871) reported their level of stress in the past 12 months, current meaning in life, health (measured as minor symptoms, major conditions, and overall health), and provided a blood sample for biomarker of immune system functioning (i...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280318/the-relationship-between-the-spiritual-attitude-of-the-family-caregivers-of-older-patients-with-stroke-and-their-burden
#14
Razieh Torabi Chafjiri, Nasrin Navabi, Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a chronic condition that necessitates multidimensional and overwhelming care. The caregivers of stroke patients are faced with various stressors that can threaten different aspects of their health, especially their mental health. Spiritual attitude and being spiritually oriented contribute significantly to mental health and can be used as a strategy for adapting to the stressful events that are part of the role of caregiving. This study was therefore conducted to investigate the relationship between the spiritual attitude of the family caregivers of older patients with stroke and their burden...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278568/phosphatidylethanol-confirmed-alcohol-use-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-persons-who-denied-consumption-in-rural-uganda
#15
Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Julian Adong, Christine Ngabirano, Debbie M Cheng, Michael R Winter, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
Under-reporting of alcohol use by HIV-infected patients could adversely impact clinical care. This study examined factors associated with under-reporting of alcohol consumption by patients who denied alcohol use in clinical and research settings using an alcohol biomarker. We enrolled ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults at Mbarara Hospital HIV clinic in Uganda. We conducted baseline interviews on alcohol use, demographics, Spirituality and Religiosity Index (SRI), health and functional status; and tested for breath alcohol content and collected blood for phosphatidylethanol (PEth), a sensitive and specific biomarker of alcohol use...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277395/exploring-the-strengths-of-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#16
Jahangir Maghsoudi, HamidReza Oreyzi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses typically pay significantly more attention to the weaknesses rather than strengths of their psychiatric patients. Thus, new approaches to care are needed to discover the strengths of these patients and to provide effective encouragement during the caring process. However, little is currently known regarding the strengths that psychiatric patients possess during their illness and healing. PURPOSE: The current study aimed to explore the self-perceptions and experiences of psychiatric patients regarding their strengths...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277016/the-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-adult-m%C3%A3-tis
#17
Christopher J Ryan, Martin Cooke, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Scott T Leatherdale, Piotr Wilk
OBJECTIVES: Métis, with a population of close to 390,000 people, are a culturally distinct and constitutionally recognized Aboriginal group in Canada that suffers from poorer overall health than non-Aboriginal Canadians. One important predictor of good health is physical activity. Guided by frameworks based on social and Aboriginal-specific determinants, we investigated the correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and active transportation (walking) among adult Métis, with a particular focus on how culturally specific variables were associated with these two types of activity...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274222/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-health-care-providers-regarding-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#18
Mandreker Bahall, George Legall
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are often ill prepared to interact about or make acceptable conclusions on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) despite its widespread use. We explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers regarding CAM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 1 and July 31, 2015 among health care providers working mainly in the public sector in Trinidad and Tobago. A 34-item questionnaire was distributed and used for data collection...
March 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272184/secondary-posttraumatic-stress-and-nurses-emotional-responses-to-patient-s-trauma
#19
Evdokia Missouridou
Alarmingly high percentages of secondary posttraumatic stress have been reported in several nursing domains such as critical care and emergency nursing, oncology, pediatric nursing, mental health nursing, and midwifery. The purpose of this review is to examine and describe nurses' emotional responses in the face of their exposure to patients' trauma. Lack of understanding of the dynamics of trauma may limit nurses' ability to interact in a meaningful and safe way with patients and their families. Spirituality can be a precious compass in the long-term journey of resolving feelings of grief and loss at work and of building a strong professional identity...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265784/-all-i-need-is-help-to-do-well-herbs-medicines-faith-and-syncretism-in-the-negotiation-of-elder-health-treatment-in-rural-ghana
#20
Eileen Smith-Cavros, Joyce Avotri-Wuaku, Albert Wuaku, Amal Bhullar
This qualitative research sought answers to questions about how elders in Agate, Ghana, coped with the challenges of illness in a rural village and in particular how they negotiated treatment for their illnesses within a flawed and limited healthcare system. In our study, 22 of 28 interviewees used all methods available to them (biomedical approaches [doctors and/or hospitals and/or doctor-prescribed medications], herbs, over-the-counter medicines [i.e., acetaminophen painkillers], and faith-based methods [praying/fasting/laying of hands/holy food and/or water]) in attempts to heal their illnesses...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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