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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235393/needs-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-in-their-final-phase-of-life-a-multi-perspective-qualitative-study-in-nursing-homes
#1
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234394/predictors-of-traditional-medical-practices-in-illness-behavior-in-northwestern-ethiopia-an-integrated-model-of-behavioral-prediction-based-logistic-regression-analysis
#2
Abenezer Yared
This study aimed at investigating traditional medical beliefs and practices in illness behavior as well as predictors of the practices in Gondar city, northwestern Ethiopia, by using the integrated model of behavioral prediction. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted to collect data through interviewer administered structured questionnaires from 496 individuals selected by probability proportional to size sampling technique. Unadjusted bivariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and the results indicated that sociocultural predictors of normative response and attitude as well as psychosocial individual difference variables of traditional understanding of illness causation and perceived efficacy had statistically significant associations with traditional medical practices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231668/ecclesiastical-endorsing-organizations-final-rule
#3
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations by establishing in regulation the eligibility requirements that ecclesiastical endorsing organizations must meet in order to provide ecclesiastical endorsements of individuals seeking employment as VA chaplains, or of individuals who are seeking to be engaged by VA under contract or appointed as on-facility fee basis VA chaplains under the United States Code. VA considers veterans' spiritual care an integral part of their overall health care...
November 8, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231545/-impacts-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-therapy-on-postpartum-weight-retention
#4
Huimin Zhang, Xuehong Ma, Chao Jiang, Rongxing Shi
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of acupoint catgut embedding therapy on postpartum weight retention. METHODS: Seventy-one women of postpartum weight retention were divided into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (36 cases) according to their own wishes when re-examination in 42 days after delivery. In the control group, the nutrition consultation was provided and the calories intake was controlled continuously for 20 weeks. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, the acupoint embedding therapy was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29), Shuifen (CV 9), Shousanli (LI 10), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Yinlingquan (SP 9)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229011/making-sense-of-loss-through-spirituality-perspectives-of-african-american-family-members-who-have-experienced-the-death-of-a-close-family-member-to-cancer
#5
Jill B Hamilton, Nakia C Best, Jessica S Wells, Valarie C Worthy
OBJECTIVE: Among African Americans, spirituality is meaning or purpose in life and a faith in God who is in control of health and there to provide support and guidance in illness situations. Using qualitative methods, we explored the use of spirituality to make sense of the end-of-life and bereavement experiences among family members of a deceased cancer patient. METHOD: Data in this report come from 19 African Americans who experienced the loss of a family member to cancer...
December 12, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226793/cultural-translation-of-refugee-trauma-cultural-idioms-of-distress-among-somali-refugees-in-displacement
#6
Hyojin Im, Aidan Ferguson, Margaret Hunter
Westernized approaches to mental health care often place limited emphasis on refugees' own experiences and cultural explanations of symptoms and distress. In order to effectively assess community mental health needs and develop interventions grounded in local needs, mental health programs need to be informed by an understanding of cultural features of mental health, including cultural idioms of distress (CIDs). The current study aims to explore CIDs among Somali refugees displaced in Kenya to understand mental health needs in cultural context and serve the community in a culturally responsive and sensitive manner...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224519/frames-for-the-future-developing-continuing-education-professional-development-programs-for-spiritual-care-practitioners-a-perspective-from-victoria-australia
#7
Shinen Wong, Heather Tan
This article examines the educational issues in ongoing professional education for spiritual care practitioners. A meta-evaluation of registration and evaluation data over four years (between 2013 and 2016) of one such monthly program conducted by Spiritual Health Victoria (Australia) will be examined. Recommendations are made to support healthcare managers and spiritual care educators in designing and developing continuing education programs for spiritual care practitioners in a variety of other professional health and care contexts...
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221885/-design-of-a-questionnaire-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-population-of-madrid-spain-facing-the-end-of-life
#8
Belén Ortiz-Gonçalves, Andrés Santiago-Sáez, Elena Albarrán Juan, Elena Labajo González, Bernardo Perea-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a questionnaire about knowledge and attitudes of the general population in Madrid (Spain) about life's end stage. METHOD: A descriptive study designed as a structured self-administered questionnaire, validated by seven Madrid Health Service professional experts and assessed through a pilot study. RESULTS: The questionnaire consisted of 42 questions, divided into six modules: 1) decisions and psychological-physical care at life's end; 2) palliative care; 3) euthanasia and assisted suicide; 4) advance directives document; 5) spiritual factors; and 6) socio-demographic data...
December 5, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220064/importance-of-and-satisfaction-with-psychosocial-support-among-cancer-patients-and-survivors-in-puerto-rico-gender-health-status-and-quality-of-life-associations
#9
Eida M Castro, Gloria Asencio, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Thomas Brandon, Clement K Gwede, Susan Vadaparampil, Vani Simmons, Jessica McIntyre, Julio Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To assess needs perceptions regarding the importance of and satisfaction with psychosocial support among cancer patients and survivors in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 181 participants (70 men and 111 women) who were either undergoing cancer treatment (patients) or had completed cancer treatment (survivors). Participants completed a sociodemographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire, and the Psychosocial Needs Inventory (PNI)...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218996/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-in-malaysia-an-early-report-from-the-mybcc-study
#10
Aina Farhana Zulkipli, Tania Islam, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Maznah Dahlui, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Samsinah Hussain
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased and little is known on CAM use during the initial period. Therefore, the aim was to determine prevalence of CAM use among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients prior to seeking conventional treatment. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involved interviewing newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) using a structured questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218719/the-communication-and-emotional-support-needs-to-improve-women-s-experience-of-childbirth-care-in-health-facilities-in-southwest-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#11
Olubunmi A Ojelade, Musibau A Titiloye, Meghan A Bohren, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Adebimpe A Olalere, Adesina Akintan, Olufemi T Oladapo, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To improve women's childbirth experiences in health facilities, their psychosocial and communication needs have to be met. However, what constitutes these specific needs is poorly understood, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper explores women's needs for communication and emotional support during facility-based childbirth. METHODS: Qualitative research was conducted in a large referral maternity hospital and its catchment communities in Akure, Nigeria...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#12
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210872/new-nursing-faculty-and-incivility-applying-mindfulness-based-strategies
#13
Cheryl Green
Workplace incivility remains a problem within the nursing profession. As nurse leaders, we must recognize and not ignore the complexity of cultures that have adapted incivility into the work environment. Nursing education is a discipline that requires collaborative team work, independent drive, and commitment. New nursing faculty experiencing incivility can use mindfulness-based meditation approaches to cope with uncivil behaviors experienced within the workplace. Nurse educators applying the concepts of mindfulness can learn how to provide themselves self-care by reducing stress, as enhanced daily awareness of peace and calm are incorporated into their lifestyle...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210494/systematic-review-of-aged-care-interventions-for-older-prisoners
#14
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
December 6, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206008/mental-hygiene-in-early-francoism-from-racial-hygiene-to-the-prevention-of-mental-illness-1939-1960
#15
Ricardo Campos, Enric Novella
In this paper, we study the ideological bases of mental hygiene, understood as racial and moral hygiene, during the first years of Franco's regime and their evolution until 1960. First, we discuss the conceptualization of mental hygiene in the 1940s and its role as a tool for the legitimization of dictatorship, revealing the involvement of orthodox Catholicism and its links with moral and racial hygiene. Second, we assess the transformation of mental hygiene during the 1950s towards modernization and a stronger linkage with the dominant trends of contemporary psychiatry without ever leaving the ideological background of Catholicism...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204765/approaches-to-multidimensional-health-in-representations-of-islamic-themes-among-black-male-characters-in-american-film-and-television
#16
Kameron J Copeland
Historically, representations of Islamic themes in media narratives of Black men have been characterized by personal transformations in the midst of surviving in crime-ridden inner city areas. These young Black men are usually at-risk due to their statuses as Black, economically disadvantaged men. Beginning with Malcolm X and Alex Haley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the Black male Islamic redemption narrative has become a common theme in Black popular culture, as it is usually supplemented with unique methods of confronting the various dimensions of health...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201967/elite-dental-students-a-cross-sectional-study-on-different-aspects-of-their-life-style
#17
Abdolhamid Zafarmand, Maryam Asvar
Statement of the Problem: Lifestyle has a key role in having a life with quality. This is much more critical in academic community. Elite students are the scientific capital of each community; therefore, improvement of their life-style is a very crucial issue and is a way of esteeming them. Purpose: This study was aimed to scrutinize the life-style of elite dental students to provide a guideline for healthy life-style for their own and for other students, as well...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199870/spiritual-struggles-and-interleukin-6-assessing-potential-benefits-and-potential-risks
#18
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Gail Ironson, R David Hayward
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between spiritual struggles and levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) with a subsample (N = 943) of participants who took part in a nationwide survey. This study, which was completed in 2014, was conducted in the United States. Spiritual struggles refer to difficulties that a person may encounter with his or her faith and include having a troubled relationship with God, encountering difficulties with religious others, and being unable to find a sense of ultimate meaning in life...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196584/family-support-during-resuscitation-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#19
Rache Marie Mureau-Haines, Mandy Boes-Rossi, Susan Christine Casperson, Basak Çoruh, Amy M Furth, Amy Haverland, Farah Herrera, Tracy Hirai-Seaton, Carol Kummet, Hkori Ngo, Stephanie Shushan, Patricia A Kritek, Sheryl A Greco
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing support for family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a review of the literature revealed no published protocols or training curricula to guide hospitals in implementing a family support provider role. OBJECTIVES: To develop a curriculum and train dedicated resuscitation team members whose role is to provide family support during in-hospital resuscitation events. METHODS: An interdisciplinary team developed a 4-hour training session for the family support staff...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194170/collaborating-with-hospital-chaplains-to-meet-the-spiritual-needs-of-critical-care-patients
#20
Lisa A Ruth-Sahd, Carolanne B Hauck, Kaitlyn E Sahd-Brown
There are many opportunities for critical-care nurses to collaborate with chaplains in an effort to provide spiritual care for patients and their families. By recognizing the educational requirements as well as the unique roles of board-certified chaplains (BCCs), the critical-care nurse will view them as respected members of the health care team. This collaboration positively impacts the work environment and creates a holistic space for healing for patients, as well as the health care team. As nurses, we must educate and inform novice nurses about the important role of BCCs on the interdisciplinary health care team...
January 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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