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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#1
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636526/does-health-coaching-grow-capacity-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#2
Suzette Barakat, Kasey Boehmer, Marwan Abdelrahim, Sangwoo Ahn, Abdulrahman A Al-Khateeb, Neri Álvarez Villalobos, Larry Prokop, Patricia J Erwin, Kirsten Fleming, Valentina Serrano, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Interventions that grow patient capacity to do the work of health care and life are needed to support the health of cancer survivors. Health coaching may grow capacity. This systematic review of health coaching interventions explored coaching's ability to grow capacity of cancer survivors. The authors included randomized trials or quasi-experimental studies comparing coaching to alternative interventions, and adhered to PRISMA reporting guidelines. Data were analyzed using the Theory of Patient Capacity (BREWS: Capacity is affected by factors that influence ability to reframe Biography ["B"], mobilize or recruit Resources ["R"], interact with the Environment of care ["E"], accomplish Work ["W"]), and function Socially ["S"])...
June 21, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636486/spirituality-religion-and-suicidality-among-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jaimie Lusk, Steven K Dobscha, Marek Kopacz, Mary Frances Ritchie, Sarah Ono
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores the relationship between Veterans' spirituality/religion and suicide ideation and attempts. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 Veterans who either endorsed chronic suicidal ideation or had made suicide attempt(s). Interviews explored the bi-directional relationship between spirituality/religion (e.g., beliefs, practices and experiences), and suicide ideation and behaviors. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632083/patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-spiritual-care-as-delivered-by-chaplains
#4
Austyn Snowden, Iain Telfer
Chaplains are employed by health organizations around the world to support patients in recognizing and addressing their spiritual needs. There is currently no generalizable measure of the impact of these interventions and so the clinical and strategic worth of chaplaincy is difficult to articulate. This article introduces the Scottish PROM, an original five-item patient reported outcome measure constructed specifically to address this gap. It describes the validation process from its conceptual grounding in the spiritual care literature through face and content validity cycles...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#5
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629462/treatment-decisions-for-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
REVIEW
Steven J Rosansky, Jane Schell, Joseph Shega, Jennifer Scherer, Laurie Jacobs, Cecile Couchoud, Deidra Crews, Matthew McNabney
Dialysis initiation rates among older adults, aged 75 years or greater, are increasing at a faster rate than for younger age groups. Older adults with advanced CKD (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) typically lose renal function slowly, often suffer from significant comorbidity and thus may die from associated comorbidities before they require dialysis.A patient's pattern of renal function loss over time in relation to their underlying comorbidities can serve as a guide to the probability of a future dialysis requirement...
June 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627285/older-military-veteran-care-many-still-believe-they-are-forgotten
#7
Cathy Young, Patricia L Conard, Myrna L Armstrong, Darlene Lacy
BACKGROUND: Almost 44% of our nation's 23 million men and women veterans are 65 years of age or older. Most are proud of their service, yet many believe their services for our country were forgotten, especially those in combat between 1950 and 1975. PURPOSE: Further information to ultimately assist their holistic well-being will be important for nursing practice as countless older veterans are beginning to obtain more care within civilian facilities. Using the Korean War (1950-1953) as a backdrop to illustrate the interconnectiveness of older veteran physical, emotional, and spiritual concerns that can occur from a military deployment, the major purposes of this article are to provide a brief historical snapshot of that war and discuss prior-era military environmental situations that now are producing the lingering effects from their combat exposure...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623903/religious-coping-methods-predict-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Paulo Roberto Santos, José Roberto Frota Gomes Capote Júnior, José Renan Miranda Cavalcante Filho, Ticianne Pinto Ferreira, José Nilson Gadelha Dos Santos Filho, Stênio da Silva Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Poor quality of life (QOL) and a high prevalence of depression have been identified among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to evaluate the associations between religious/spiritual (R/S) coping methods and both QOL and depression among ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: The sample included 161 ESRD patients over 18 years of age who had been undergoing HD for more than 3 months. R/S coping methods were assessed using the Religious Coping Questionnaire (RCOPE)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623155/care-toward-the-end-of-life-in-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Diane Erin Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Y K Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng Kiong Yeoh
PURPOSE: To inform health system improvements for care of elderly populations approaching the end of life (EOL) by identifying important elements of care and implementation barriers and facilitators. DESIGN: A scoping review was carried out to identify key themes in EOL care. Articles were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites, and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, and policy documents published between 2005 and 2016...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622809/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-mental-healthcare-utilization-consistent-with-potentially-effective-care-the-role-of-patient-preferences
#10
Anika L Hines, Lisa A Cooper, Leiyu Shi
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic minorities are less likely than Whites to initiate and continue mental healthcare. Minorities also prefer non-medical approaches to address mental health issues. We evaluated sector-type as a modifier of the association of race/ethnicity with service utilization for mental health. We hypothesized that minorities utilize non-mental health sectors at rates consistent with guidelines and similar to Whites. METHODS: We examined data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiologic Studies (CPES) (n=3803)...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619092/prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-of-mantra-mindfulness-and-spiritual-meditation-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#11
Adam Burke, Chun Nok Lam, Barbara Stussman, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of scientific literature exploring the nature of meditation there is limited information on the characteristics of individuals who use it. This is particularly true of comparative studies examining prevalence and predictors of use of various forms of meditation. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Three popular forms of meditation were compared-mantra, mindfulness, and spiritual-to determine lifetime and 12-month use related to key sociodemographic, health behavior, health status, and healthcare access variables...
June 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612682/culturally-prescribed-beliefs-about-mental-illness-among-the-akan-of-ghana
#12
Annabella Opare-Henaku, Shawn O Utsey
Mental illness is a culturally laden phenomenon, and different cultures have unique ways of constructing mental illness. In this study, conceptions of mental illness were explored among 30 participants of Akan descent in Ghana through individual and group interviews. Participants demonstrated a wide range of knowledge on mental illness indicating that poor self-care, deficits in social functioning, and disordered behaviors are the cardinal features of mental illness. The data revealed that Akan cultural beliefs influenced notions of etiology of mental illness and care of the mentally ill...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610847/-application-of-the-cultural-competence-model-in-the-experience-of-care-in-nursing-professionals-primary-care
#13
María Dolores Gil Estevan, María Del Carmen Solano Ruíz
OBJECTIVE: To know the experiences and perceptions of nurses in providing care and health promotion, women belonging to groups at risk of social vulnerability, applying the model of cultural competence Purnell. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study. LOCATION: Department of Health Elda. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 primary care professional volunteers. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with recording and content analysis, according to the theory model of cultural competence...
June 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#14
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606083/the-spiritual-history-in-outpatient-practice-attitudes-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-adventist-health-system
#15
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
BACKGROUND: A screening spiritual history (SSH) is how health professionals (HP) identify patients' spiritual values, beliefs and preferences (VBPs) in the outpatient setting. We report on attitudes and practices of HPs in the largest Protestant health system in the U.S., the Adventist Health System (AHS). METHOD: Physicians or mid-level practitioners (N = 1082) in AHS-affiliated practices were approached and 513 (47%) agreed to participate. Participants were asked to identify a "spiritual care coordinator" (nurse/staff) and complete a questionnaire that assessed demographics, practice characteristics, religious involvement, and attitudes/practices concerning the SSH...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605643/dispositional-hope-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-adults-attending-lifelong-learning-programs
#16
A Oliver, J M Tomás, J Montoro-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the indirect effects of dispositional hope in the life satisfaction of older adults attending a lifelong learning program at the University of Valencia, Spain. We examine the mediating impact of dispositional hope regarding its ability to impact life satisfaction while considering affective and confidant social support, perceived health and leisure activities, consciousness and spirituality as predictors. METHODS: Analysis were based on survey data (response rate 77...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604159/spiritual-care-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-narrative-review
#17
Jim Q Ho, Christopher D Nguyen, Richard Lopes, Stephen C Ezeji-Okoye, Ware G Kuschner
Spiritual care is an important component of high-quality health care, especially for critically ill patients and their families. Despite evidence of benefits from spiritual care, physicians and other health-care providers commonly fail to assess and address their patients' spiritual care needs in the intensive care unit (ICU). In addition, it is common that spiritual care resources that can improve both patient outcomes and family member experiences are underutilized. In this review, we provide an overview of spiritual care and its role in the ICU...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601104/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-psychological-distress-associated-with-well-being-in-community-adults
#18
Shu Ping Chuang, Jo Yung Wei Wu, Chien Shu Wang, Li Hsiang Pan
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations among health-promoting behaviors, psychological distress, and well-being among community residents. Well-being measurement was examined through health-promoting behaviors and psychological distress. METHODS: From March 1 to October 31, 2016, a total of 383 community residents were assessed in their health-promoting lifestyles (HPLP-II), psychological distress (K10) and wellbeing (SWLS and PWB). RESULTS: Stepwise regression analysis revealed that interpersonal relations, physical activity, and psychological distress accounted for 21% of the variance in life satisfaction (SWLS)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600041/lessons-from-the-mohw-compensation-pilot-program-on-birth-incidents-first-step-and-looking-forward
#19
Tsung-Hsi Wang, Shu-Fen Lin, Kun-Yu Tsai, Yu-Fu Liu
OBJECTIVE: In Taiwan, the number of medical disputes and litigation has increased dramatically over the past 20 years. The seriousness of medical disputes continuing grows in clinical practice, especially in obstetricians. This study provided a possible solution to the medical dispute litigation issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) compensation program for birth incidents has been implemented since 2012 and it provided pecuniary compensation for mothers, newborns, and fetuses who got injured or died in birth-related medical incidents...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598710/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#20
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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