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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036703/spiritual-religious-distress-is-associated-with-pain-catastrophizing-and-interference-in-veterans-with-chronic-pain
#1
J Irene Harris, Timothy Usset, Laura Krause, Damien Schill, Berdette Reuer, Rhonda Donahue, Crystal L Park
Objective: Few studies have examined relations between one important aspect of spiritual/religious functioning-spiritual distress-and pain-related outcomes, and none has examined how spiritual distress and depression conjointly relate to chronic pain. The goal of the present study, then, was to examine veterans' spiritual distress as a predictor of two aspects of chronic pain, catastrophizing and interference, testing a mediational model of depression. Design: Four hundred thirty-six patients seeking treatment in a chronic pain management clinic responded to a mailed survey assessing demographics, spiritual distress, depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain interference...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#2
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034698/an-insight-into-the-patient-s-response-to-a-diagnosis-of-urological-cancer
#3
Beverley Anderson
A cancer diagnosis and the patient's response to the news pertains to all types of cancer, however, in this article, the focus is on urological cancer. Intrinsic to the management of this patient group is the urology multidisciplinary team, in which the role of the cancer nurse specialist (CNS) is pivotal. For most people, a cancer diagnosis is arguably their worst fear. It is therefore prudent that a holistic approach is used when determining care and ensuring that appropriate support is forthcoming. This necessitates an assessment of the physical, psychological/emotional, psycho-social, spiritual and cultural components of the individual's healthcare needs, and accordingly, devising a plan of care to secure the best outcomes...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031313/routes-to-diagnosis-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-men-s-cultural-beliefs-about-how-changes-to-their-bodies-and-symptoms-influence-help-seeking-actions-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Michelle King-Okoye, Anne Arber, Sara Faithfull
PURPOSE: To examine the findings of existing studies in relation to men's cultural beliefs about changes to their bodies relevant to prostate cancer and how these affect interpretation of bodily changes and help-seeking actions. METHOD: We undertook a narrative review of studies conducted from 2004 to 2017 in 6 databases that highlighted men's beliefs and help-seeking actions for bodily changes suggestive of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) studies reflecting men from various ethnicities and nationalities were included...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#5
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027618/moral-injury-contextualized-care
#6
Keith G Meador, Jason A Nieuwsma
Amidst the return of military personnel from post-9/11 conflicts, a construct describing the readjustment challenges of some has received increasing attention: moral injury. This term has been variably defined with mental health professionals more recently conceiving of it as a transgression of moral beliefs and expectations that are witnessed, perpetrated, or allowed by the individual. To the extent that morality is a system of conceptualizing right and wrong, individuals' moral systems are in large measure developmentally and socially derived and interpreted...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#7
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025507/development-and-validation-of-the-outcome-expectations-for-yoga-scale
#8
Herpreet Thind, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ryan Lantini, Santina Horowitz, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, James Carmody, Bruce M Becker, Bess H Marcus, Beth C Bock
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity. METHODS: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Principal component analysis was used to investigate the internal structure of the measure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990634/understanding-end-of-life-decision-making-terminology-among-african-american-older-adults
#9
Karen O Moss, Nancy L Deutsch, Patricia J Hollen, Virginia G Rovnyak, Ishan C Williams, Karen M Rose
The purpose of the current study was to examine understanding of end-of-life (EOL) decision-making terminology among family caregivers of African American older adults with dementia. This qualitative descriptive study was part of a larger mixed-methods study from which a subset of caregivers (n = 18) completed interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analyses guided by methods of qualitative analysis. Caregiver interpretation of EOL decision-making terminology varied between associations before and/or after death...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989120/quality-of-life-assessment-should-be-part-of-oral-health-evaluations-in-day-to-day-practice
#10
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Amol R Gadbail, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity."(1) Quality of Life (QoL) is a crucial and often required measure of an individual's general well-being. The QoL is an established term incorporating different facets of life like physical, psychological, social, economical, spiritual, cognitional, and sexual dimensions.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985922/end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes-in-spain-exploratory-analysis-and-evidences-of-validity-of-a-new-scale
#11
María Remedios Sánchez-García, Jose Antonio Gutiérrez-Romero, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, César Hueso-Montoro, Claire Goodman, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
Quality end-of-life care is a central issue in nursing homes, requiring the assessment of individual and family needs by health professionals. Although previous instruments have been developed, they usually rely on family reports and have been adapted from other clinical contexts (hospital or primary care). It is important to consider how health care professionals working in nursing homes perceive what is necessary to achieve quality end-of-life care. In this study, the objective was to develop an instrument to assess quality of end-of-life care in the context of Spanish care homes...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982822/the-effect-of-religion-on-the-perception-of-health-states-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-qualitative-study
#12
Iffat Elbarazi, Nancy J Devlin, Marina-Selini Katsaiti, Emmanuel A Papadimitropoulos, Koonal K Shah, Iain Blair
OBJECTIVES: Investigate how religion may affect the perception of health states among adults in the United Arab Emirates and the implications for research on self-reported health and quality of life and the use of values in cost-effectiveness analysis. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of short-structured interviews with adult Emiratis carried out by a market research agency.The COREQ criteria have been used where appropriate to guide the reporting of our findings. SETTING: Participants were recruited from shopping malls and other public places in the cities of Al Ain and Abu Dhabi...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977625/hiv-stigma-and-older-men-s-psychological-well-being-do-coping-resources-differ-for-gay-bisexual-and-straight-men
#13
Kristen E Porter, Mark Brennan-Ing, Jeffrey A Burr, Elizabeth Dugan, Stephen E Karpiak
Objectives: This study investigated whether sexual orientation moderated the mediation effects of coping resources (i.e., spirituality and complementary and integrative health [CIH] use) in the relationship between HIV stigma and psychological well-being (PWB) among older men with HIV (MWH). Method: Data from the Research of Older Adults with HIV (ROAH) study was used (N = 640, Age 50+). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine a coping resource mediation model...
July 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977262/new-concepts-in-palliative-care-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Cristina Bueno Terzi Coelho, James R Yankaskas
Some patients admitted to an intensive care unit may face a terminal illness situation, which usually leads to death. Knowledge of palliative care is strongly recommended for the health care providers who are taking care of these patients. In many situations, the patients should be evaluated daily as the introduction of further treatments may not be beneficial to them. The discussions among health team members that are related to prognosis and the goals of care should be carefully evaluated in collaboration with the patients and their families...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973378/understanding-how-indigenous-culturally-based-interventions-can-improve-participants-health-in-canada
#15
Jayne Murdoch-Flowers, Marie-Claude Tremblay, Richard Hovey, Treena Delormier, Katherine Gray-Donald, Elaine Delaronde, Ann C Macaulay
There is increasing recognition that culturally-based diabetes prevention programs can facilitate the adoption and maintenance of healthy behaviours in the communities in which they are implemented. The Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) is a health promotion, community-based participatory research project aiming to reduce the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the community of Kahnawake (Mohawk territory, Canada), with a large range of interventions integrating a Haudenosaunee perspective of health...
September 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972917/the-influence-of-spirituality-and-religiousness-on-suicide-risk-and-mental-health-of-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#16
Ana Catarina Tavares Loureiro, Maria Carlota de Rezende Coelho, Felipe Bigesca Coutinho, Luiz Henrique Borges, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the large amount of literature assessing how spiritual and religious beliefs have an impact on mental health and suicide risk in various groups of patients, few studies have investigated patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether spirituality and religiousness (S/R) are associated with the presence of suicide risk as well as whether those beliefs are also associated with the presence of mental health problems in patients undergoing hemodialysis...
August 26, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971449/clinical-social-and-demographics-factors-associated-with-spiritual-wellbeing-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#17
Evangelos C Fradelos, Konstantinos Tsaras, Foteini Tzavella, Evmorfia Koukia, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Victoria Alikari, John Stathoulis, Areti Tsaloglidou, Michael Kourakos, Sofia Zyga
Spiritual health is one of the important aspects of health status that is often neglected. AIM: the present study aims to evaluate spiritual wellbeing in end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis and its relation to sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHODS: A convenience sample of 183 individuals undergoing hemodialysis was recruited. Measurements were conducted with the following instruments: (a) a sheet containing demographic data and clinical information such as duration of dialysis e...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971405/association-of-type-1-diabetes-social-support-illness-and-treatment-perception-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Mekonen Yerusalem, Sofia Zyga, Paraskevi Theofilou
This study examines the importance of perceived social support, perception of illness and treatment on health related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with type 1 diabetes. The purpose was to assess how type 1 diabetes, perceived social support, perception of the illness and treatment can be predictors of health related quality of life and how these factors associate. Additional purpose was to establish the reliability of Illness Index and Treatment Index among Greek population. Four questionnaires were used, the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15 (MVQoLI-15), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the Illness Index, and the Treatment Index...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970609/first-year-student-pharmacists-spirituality-and-perceptions-regarding-the-role-of-spirituality-in-pharmacy-education
#19
Bobby Jacob, Annesha White, Angela Shogbon
Objective: To measure student pharmacists' spirituality utilizing validated survey instruments and to determine perceptions regarding the anticipated role of spirituality in academic course work and professional practice. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. The survey was offered to all first-year student pharmacists during the first week of the fall semester (2012-2015). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Results: A total of 580 students (98%) participated...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970406/serving-with-pharmacy-students-reflections-from-a-medical-mission-team-leader-and-preceptor
#20
Dana A Brown
The medical mission field is an innovative setting for training and evaluating health care professional students. The motivating factor of serving indigent populations as a means of a humanitarian, or oftentimes a spiritual act, makes medical missions an attractive option for student participation. At the Gregory School of Pharmacy, medical mission teams are an integral part of the pharmacy program, including the opportunity for students to earn elective credit during their fourth year. This commentary provides five key elements to consider when serving with, training and evaluating pharmacy students from the perspective of a team leader and preceptor...
October 24, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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