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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913870/managing-knee-osteoarthritis-with-yoga-or-aerobic-strengthening-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Corjena Cheung, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Teresa McCarthy, Kyle Rudser, Michelle A Mathiason
Although exercise is often recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA), limited evidence-based exercise options are available for older adults with OA. This study compared the effects of Hatha yoga (HY) and aerobic/strengthening exercises (ASE) on knee OA. Randomized controlled trial with three arms design was used: HY, ASE, and education control. Both HY and ASE groups involved 8 weekly 45-min group classes with 2-4 days/week home practice sessions. Control group received OA education brochures and weekly phone calls from study staff...
December 2, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#2
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#3
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901625/recovery-in-substance-use-disorders-what-to-know-to-inform-practice
#4
Julie Worley
Use of illicit substances and nonmedical use of prescription medication worldwide has increased dramatically in the past several years. Approximately 10% of people who use illicit substances will develop a substance use disorder (SUD). Similar to other chronic health disorders, periods of remission and exacerbation commonly occur in SUDs. Due to stigma and difficulty with definition, terminology related to SUDs has changed and evolved. Terms referring to nonuse of substances such as sobriety and abstinence are likely best replaced with the term remission...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#5
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894342/inequalities-in-the-spiritual-health-of-young-canadians-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#6
Valerie Michaelson, John Freeman, Nathan King, Hannah Ascough, Colleen Davison, Tracy Trothen, Sian Phillips, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: Spiritual health, along with physical, emotional, and social aspects, is one of four domains of health. Assessment in this field of research is challenging methodologically. No contemporary population-based studies have profiled the spiritual health of adolescent Canadians with a focus on health inequalities. In a 2014 nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 11-15 years we therefore: (1) psychometrically evaluated a series of items used to assess the perceived importance of spiritual health and its four potential sub-domains (connections with: self, others, nature and the natural environment, and the transcendent) to adolescents; (2) described potential inequalities in spiritual health within adolescent populations, overall and by spiritual health sub-domain, by key socio-demographic factors...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#7
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890024/end-of-life-experiences-and-deathbed-phenomena-as-reported-by-brazilian-healthcare-professionals-in-different-healthcare-settings
#8
Claudia Soares Dos Santos, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Peter Fenwick, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to describe and compare the characteristics and reports of end-of-life experiences (ELEs) by healthcare professionals at different institutions and to investigate the influence of religious beliefs on these reports. METHOD: A multicenter study was carried out in Brazil that included six nursing homes (NHs), a cancer hospital (ONC), and a palliative care (PC) unit. Sociodemographic data, ELE reports (Fenwick's questionnaire), religiosity (the Duke Religion Index), spirituality (the Spirituality Self-Rating Scale), and mental health (the DASS-21 questionnaire) were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888279/predictors-of-liver-transplant-patient-survival-a-critical-review-using-a-holistic-framework
#9
Lisiane Pruinelli, Karen A Monsen, Cynthia R Gross, David M Radosevich, György J Simon, Bonnie L Westra
OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation is a costly and risky procedure, representing 25 050 procedures worldwide in 2013, with 6729 procedures performed in the United States in 2014. Considering the scarcity of organs and uncertainty regarding prognosis, limited studies address the variety of risk factors before transplantation that might contribute to predicting patient's survival and therefore developing better models that address a holistic view of transplant patients. This critical review aimed to identify predictors of liver transplant patient survival included in large-scale studies and assess the gap in risk factors from a holistic approach using the Wellbeing Model and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement...
November 25, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860484/effects-of-praise-dance-on-the-quality-of-life-of-chinese-women
#10
Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, Jing-Han Chen, Margaret Wai Ling Chung
OBJECTIVE: Religion, spirituality, and health are inseparable in human history. Yet, the effects of religion and spirituality on health are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of praise dance on the quality of life (QoL) of women with or without medically diagnosed diseases. METHOD: This was a pretest-posttest study with one convenience sample that took place at Praise Dance Association Hong Kong (PDA) centers. Two hundred and fifty-six Chinese adult females participated...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857026/the-association-between-health-promoting-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-beta-thalassemia-major
#11
Aghbabak Maheri, Roya Sedeghi, Davoud Shojaeezadeh, Azar Tol, Mehdi Yaseri, Mojtaba Ebrahimi
Objectives: Health promoting lifestyle (HPL) is one of the factors affecting the quality of life (QoL) among patients with beta-thalassemia (β-thalassemia). Due to the lack of studies in this field, this study aimed at determining" the association between HPL and QoL among adults with β-thalassemia ". Methods: This cross-sectional (descriptive-analytic )study conducted among 389 adult patients with β-thalassemia in Tehran, Iran. The research instrument included a questionnaire consisting of three parts; demographic items, Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II)...
November 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855425/prostitution-as-a-psychiatric-situation-ethical-aspects
#12
Danijela Tiosavljević, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Karel Turza, Aleksandar Jovanović, Vida Jeremić
This paper presents the morally controversial phenomenon of prostitution. As the basis for contemplating the prostitution issue the most important is revealing and understanding its primitive ethical root. For understanding its "soul", its essence, also important is comprehending sexual, "elementary thoughts" of mankind, through the relationship between prostitution and religious, social, political and spiritual life, and its nature as a reflection of the sexual-ethical concepts in different epochs and nations...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855241/how-do-we-promote-health-from-the-words-of-african-american-older-adults-with-dementia-and-their-family-members
#13
Fayron Epps, Lisa Skemp, Janet K Specht
As population diversity increases, understanding what health promotion means to ethnically diverse older adults and their family members aids in the design of health programming. This understanding is particularly relevant for the African American population who experience a high prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD). The purpose of the current study was to describe family members' definition of health, health promotion activities (HPAs), barriers to HPAs, and the perceived effectiveness of HPAs for African American older adults with ADRD...
November 1, 2016: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847592/a-preliminary-survey-on-the-religious-profile-of-brazilian-psychiatrists-and-their-approach-to-patients-religiosity-in-clinical-practice
#14
Maria Cecilia Menegatti-Chequini, Juliane P B Gonçalves, Frederico C Leão, Mario F P Peres, Homero Vallada
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence of a relationship between religion/spirituality and mental health, it remains unclear how Brazilian psychiatrists deal with the religion/spirituality of their patients. AIMS: To explore whether Brazilian psychiatrists enquire about religion/spirituality in their practice and whether their own beliefs influence their work. METHOD: Four hundred and eighty-four Brazilian psychiatrists completed a cross-sectional survey on religion/spirituality and clinical practice...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843819/palliative-care-role-of-family-physicians
#15
REVIEW
R P J C Ramanayake, G V A Dilanka, L W S S Premasiri
Palliative care is the holistic approach to provide relief to patients suffering from life threatening diseases and their families throughout the disease. This is mainly through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification, comprehensive assessment and management of physical, psychosocial and spiritual problems. With the rise of elderly population in the world patients needing palliative care will also increase. Family physicians who are closest to the community and easily accessible has a major role to play in providing palliative care...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842468/the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-in-the-depression-care-of-african-americans-and-hispanics-in-los-angeles
#16
Michelle Dalencour, Eunice C Wong, Lingqi Tang, Elizabeth Dixon, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Kenneth Wells, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVE: This study examined use of depression care provided by faith-based organizations (FBOs) by African Americans and Hispanics and factors associated with the receipt of such care, including mental illness severity and use of traditional mental health services. METHODS: The study used baseline data from the Community Partners in Care study, a group-randomized trial comparing a community-partnered approach with a technical-assistance approach to improving depression care in underresourced communities in Los Angeles...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#17
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819804/the-effects-of-mind-subtraction-meditation-on-breast-cancer-survivors-psychological-and-spiritual-well-being-and-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-south-korea
#18
Mi Ra Yun, Misoon Song, Kyung-Hae Jung, Boas J Yu, Kyung Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors experience psychological and spiritual distress, including depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and loss of meaningfulness in life. This distress can negatively impact physical health, quality of life, and quality of sleep. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare and examine the effectiveness of mind subtraction meditation (MSM) and a self-management education (SME) group on breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with South Korean female breast cancer survivors (stages I-III)...
November 4, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819635/enhancing-psychosocial-and-spiritual-palliative-care-four-year-results-of-the-program-of-comprehensive-care-for-people-with-advanced-illnesses-and-their-families-in-spain
#19
Xavier Gómez-Batiste, Dolors Mateo-Ortega, Cristina Lasmarías, Anna Novellas, Jose Espinosa, Elba Beas, Sara Ela, Javier Barbero
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the overall quantitative and qualitative results of a "La Caixa" Foundation and World Health Organization Collaborating Center Program entitled "Comprehensive Care for Patients with Advanced Illnesses and their Families" after four years of experience. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative methods were employed to assess the program. Quasiexperimental, prospective, multicenter, single-group, and pretest/posttest methods were utilized to assess the quantitative data...
November 7, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819438/positive-growth-from-adversity-and-beyond-insights-gained-from-cross-examination-of-clinical-and-nonclinical-samples
#20
Pninit Russo-Netzer, Galia Moran
Growth following adversity is a well-known phenomenon. Yet studies often focus on specific populations and/or specific types of adversities, thus limiting opportunities to identify underlying common processes of growth. The present study sought to identify shared positive change processes in different samples of individuals each of whom faced life adversities (clinical/nonclinical) and experienced growth as a result. We conducted a secondary analysis comparing in-depth interviews from 2 independent study samples including 27 Israeli adults that experienced spiritual growth and 31 American mental health peer-providers in recovery...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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