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Ana Luíza Barreto de Oliveira, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of religion/religiosity for the elderly. METHOD: A qualitative, phenomenological study, based on Martin Heidegger. Thirteen older women registered in an Urban Social Center of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil aged between 60 and 84 years participated in the study. The collection of testimonies was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 through phenomenological interviews. RESULTS: Hermeneutics has unveiled the unit of meaning: Meanings of religion/religiosity in the daily life of the elderly...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
Soumitra Das, Varghese Panickasseril Punnoose, Nimisha Doval, Vijayakrishnan Yathindran Nair
Religion is a form of coping that helps individuals to deal with a wide variety of difficult life situations. But most of the research in this field has been in acute patients of schizophrenia. Also, most of the research on religion and schizophrenia has focused on religion and spirituality as coping mechanisms, and research evaluating the relationship between spirituality/religiousness and repertoire of other coping skills is sparse. Our objective was to evaluate the association between spirituality, religiousness and coping skills in patients with schizophrenia in remission...
April 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Sung Joon Jang
This article examines whether an individual's religiosity has reciprocal relationships with crime and drug use among juvenile offenders. Structural equation modeling is applied to analyze 11-wave panel data from a study of juveniles adjudicated or found guilty of a serious offense in two states. Offenders' religiosity is measured both objectively (participation in religious activities) and subjectively (religious salience, experiences, and efficacy). While holding constant an offender's exposure time (the proportion of time on the street), previous levels of crime and drug use, and sociodemographic controls, this study found the relationship between religiosity and crime (i...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Paul J Wright
This study assesses the relationship between pornography consumption and support for sex education in public schools among adults in the United States. Goals were theoretical and applied. At the theoretical level, conditional process analyses are needed to further evaluate the predictions of the primary theory applied to pornography and social influence, the sexual script acquisition, activation, application model (3 AM) of sexual media socialization. At the applied level, themes in pornography are most often associated with socialization outcomes that are a threat to the public health...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Moshe Y Kasirer, Francis B Mimouni, Alona Bin-Nun, Michael S Schimmel
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the Israeli parliament passed the "law of dying patients" legalizing life and death decisions (do not resuscitate) in patients with life expectancy less than 6 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnic and religious backgrounds (both religion and religiosity) influence neonatologists' attitudes in simulated clinical situations and opinions about the new law. DESIGN/METHODS: Prospective design, using standard questionnaire sent to all 155 board-certified practising Israeli Neonatologists...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ghada O Elkhawaga, Bernadet B Sarraf
BACKGROUND: Depression among the elderly constitutes a major public health concern that attracts worldwide attention. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among community dwelling elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with an analytic component was carried out in both urban and rural areas of Mansoura District during the period from October 1 to December 31, 2016. The target population is elderly aged 60 years or more of both genders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Samta P Pandya
This article is based on a longitudinal study of Indian Americans devoted to a guru tradition, aiming to explore how faith contributes to their mental well-being. Respondent sample size at phase 1 (2003-2004) was 1872 and at phase 2 (2013-2014) was 1764. Two scales were used to measure faith maturity and well-being. Results showed that phase 2 well-being scores of the devotees were higher, influenced by faith maturity and engagement regularity, thereby corroborating the faith-religiosity-well-being link, further reinforced by the structural equation model...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior, Daniel Carvalho Pires Sousa, Rafael Corrêa Prota Santos Reinaldo, André Luiz Borba do Nascimento, Paulo Henrique Santos Gonçalves
Religiosity/spirituality can affect health and quality of life in myriad ways. Religion has been present since the first moments of our evolutionary history, whether it is understood as a byproduct or as an adaptation of our cognitive evolution. We investigated how religion influences medicinal plant-based local medical systems (LMSs) and focuses on how individual variation in the degree of religiosity/spirituality affects the structure of LMSs. The knowledge of people about their medical systems was obtained through the free-listing technique, and level of religiosity/spirituality was calculated using the Brazilian version of the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Jennifer R Roberts, Molly Maxfield
As awareness of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and diagnosis rates rise, concern about developing such conditions may also increase, referred to here as dementia worry (DW). Few studies have examined DW and potential protective factors. Religiosity provides diverse psychological benefits and may be associated with lower DW; however, intrinsic/extrinsic motivations were expected to differentially relate to DW. Among 83 older adults (M = 69.48 years), both greater intrinsic and extrinsic-social religious motivation were associated with lower DW...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
J David Hacker, Evan Roberts
METHODS: Most quantitative research on fertility decline in the United States ignores the potential impact of cultural and familial factors. We rely on new complete-count data from the 1880 U.S. census to construct couple-level measures of nativity/ethnicity, religiosity, and kin availability. We include these measures with a comprehensive set of demographic, economic, and contextual variables in Poisson regression models of net marital fertility to assess their relative importance. We construct models with and without area fixed effects to control for unobserved heterogeneity...
December 2017: Demographic Research
Marcel A de Dios, Sarah D Childress, Miguel Ángel Cano, Lorna H McNeill, Lorraine R Reitzel, Ellen Vaughan
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects 47% of African-American adults (AAs) in the United States. Elevated cholesterol, the greatest risk factor for CVD, is highly prevalent among AAs, potentially as the result of engagement in behavioral risk factors. Religiosity has been associated with a beneficial effect in health promoting behaviors, yet findings have been mixed depending on methods employed. Religious health fatalism, defined as 'the belief that health outcomes are inevitable and/or determined by God', is a more specific domain of a religiosity that needs further exploration through scientific research...
May 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Erin Yelland, M Hunter Stanfield
Background and objectives Sexual expression is an essential component of older adults' quality of life, including those with lower cognitive functioning. Issues have been raised with long-term care facility policies related to aspects of staff intervention, permissibility of degree of intimacy, and how involved partners of residents with cognitive decline may be in decision-making processes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a multiple segment factorial vignette to explore the attitudes of the public toward a dementia-caused non-spousal sexual relationship in a long-term care facility...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Bo Hyeong Jane Lee, Lisa D Pearce, Kristen M Schorpp
Prior research suggests the significance of religion for development and wellbeing in adolescence and beyond. Further, new developments and applications of statistical methods have led to ways of better accounting for the multidimensional nature of religiosity (e.g. latent class analysis), as well as the dynamic aspects of religiosity (e.g. latent growth curve models). Yet, rarely if ever are both features of religiosity incorporated and examined together. Therefore, we propose and conduct a latent class analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to identify seven distinct pathways of religiosity that involve independently changing levels of religious affiliation, religious service attendance, personal importance of religion, and prayer from adolescence to adulthood...
September 2017: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Amanda A Allshouse, Nanette Santoro, Robin Green, Jason Y Y Wong, Dawn M Upchurch, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Rebecca C Thurston, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether faith was associated with a difference in time to incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) among midlife Hispanic women vs women of other ethnicities. STUDY DESIGN: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) is a community-based, longitudinal study of a cohort of midlife women. Social, demographic, psychosocial, anthropometric, medical, and physiological measures, and incident MetS were assessed in near-annual intervals using questionnaires and assays...
June 2018: Maturitas
Yaniv Efrati
The rebound effect of thought suppression refers to attempts to suppress thoughts that result in an increase of those thoughts. The aim of this three-study research was to investigate the suppression of thoughts and its possible importance in the cognitive model of predicted compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) among Israeli Jewish religious and secular adolescents. Study 1 (N = 661): Do religious and secular adolescents differ in CSB and related psychopathology? Study 2 (N = 522): Does CSB mediate the link between religiosity and well-being? Study 3 (N = 317): Does religiosity relate to suppression of sexual thoughts, which relates to higher CSB and lower well-being? The analyses indicated that religious adolescents are higher in CSB than secular ones, and that sexual suppression and CSB mediate the link between religiosity and well-being...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
David H Rosmarin, Steven Pirutinsky, Moses Appel, Talia Kaplan, David Pelcovitz
Current estimates of childhood sexual abuse among Jews in the United States are only available for females and do not include a spectrum of religiosity. We examined sexual abuse, mental health, and religion, in a religiously diverse sample of male and female Jewish adults from North America, using a novel methodology to minimize sampling/response biases. A total of 372 diversely religious Jews participated. Prevalence of any form of childhood sexual abuse was statistically equivalent to national rates, except that females reported less involuntary penetration (OR = 0...
April 23, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Wijnand A P van Tilburg, Eric R Igou, Paul J Maher, Andrew B Moynihan, Dawn G Martin
Boredom involves a lack meaning. Conversely, religiosity offers people a sense of meaning. Accordingly, we proposed that by imbuing a sense of meaningfulnesss, religiosity leads people to experience less boredom. Furthermore, we hypothesized and tested that by reducing boredom, religiosity indirectly inhibits the search for meaningful engagement. In Study 1, following boring tasks, religious people experienced lower levels of boredom and were less motivated to search for meaning than nonreligious people. We found in Study 2 that religious (vs...
April 26, 2018: Emotion
Nagy A Youssef, Elizabeth Boswell, Shashana Fiedler, Rebecca Jump, Elizabeth Lee, Mark Yassa, Fazal Khan, Ananda Pathiraja, David Rizk, Michelle Pearce, Keisha O'Garo, Joseph M Currier, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences can cause ethical conflicts. "Moral injury" (MI) has been used to describe this emotional/cognitive state, and could contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or block its recovery. We examine the relationship between MI and PTSD, and the impact of religious involvement (RI) on that relationship. METHODS: We conducted a study of 120 veterans enrolled at the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center in Augusta, Georgia...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Mariana Oliveira Guimarães, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Haroldo Neves Paiva, Joel Alves Lamounier, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Patrícia Maria Pereira de Araújo Zarzar
Associated with positive impacts on health, religiosity has presented itself as a possible protection factor against alcohol consumption by teenagers. This study evaluated the prevalence of binge drinking and its association with religiosity among 12-year-old students, from Diamantina, State of Minas Gerais. Statistical analyses involved chi-square Pearson (p < 0,05) and Poisson regression with robust variance. The sample included a census of 588 students. Participation in religious activities was associated with no binge drinking (PR = 0,823; 95% CI: 0,717 - 0,945); and consumption of alcoholic beverages by the best friend was associated with binge drinking (PR = 1...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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