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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917548/nurses-comfort-level-with-spiritual-assessment-a-study-among-nurses-working-in-diverse-healthcare-settings
#1
Pamela H Cone, Tove Giske
AIMS: To gain knowledge about nurses' comfort level in assessing spiritual matters and to learn what questions nurses use in practice related to spiritual assessment. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is important in holistic nursing care; however, nurses report feeling uncomfortable and ill-prepared to address this domain with patients. Education is reported to impact nurses' ability to engage in spiritual care. DESIGN: This cross-sectional exploratory survey reports on a mixed-method study examining how comfortable nurses are with spiritual assessment...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913977/divine-emotions-on-the-link-between-emotional-intelligence-and-religious-belief
#2
Paweł Łowicki, Marcin Zajenkowski
There have been only few attempts to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and religiosity. However, none of them included measures of ability EI. In two studies, we investigated the potential associations between various aspects of religious belief and ability and trait EI. In Study 1 (N = 240), we found that ability EI was positively associated with general level of religious belief. Study 2, conducted among Polish Christians (N = 159), replicated the previous result on the connection between ability EI and religion...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899030/childhood-vaccine-refusal-and-hesitancy-intentions-in-croatia-insights-from-a-population-based-study
#4
Anja Repalust, Sandra Šević, Stanko Rihtar, Aleksandar Štulhofer
Considering that programmatic data suggest a recent rise in vaccine refusal in Croatia, this study, first of its kind in Southeast Europe, aimed to estimate the prevalence, and sociodemographic, and sociocultural determinants of childhood vaccine refusal and hesitancy (CVRH) intentions among Croatian adults. Multi-stage stratified population-based survey included 1000 individuals aged 18-88 years (Mage = 47.7, SD = 17.8), of whom 51.7% were women. The outcome, a categorical indicator, distinguished among individuals who would approve vaccinating their children (vaccine accepting), those who would approve some but not all vaccines (vaccine hesitant), and those who would refuse vaccination (vaccine refusing)...
November 29, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890024/end-of-life-experiences-and-deathbed-phenomena-as-reported-by-brazilian-healthcare-professionals-in-different-healthcare-settings
#5
Claudia Soares Dos Santos, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Peter Fenwick, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to describe and compare the characteristics and reports of end-of-life experiences (ELEs) by healthcare professionals at different institutions and to investigate the influence of religious beliefs on these reports. METHOD: A multicenter study was carried out in Brazil that included six nursing homes (NHs), a cancer hospital (ONC), and a palliative care (PC) unit. Sociodemographic data, ELE reports (Fenwick's questionnaire), religiosity (the Duke Religion Index), spirituality (the Spirituality Self-Rating Scale), and mental health (the DASS-21 questionnaire) were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885154/the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-health-promoting-behaviors-in-pregnant-women
#6
Natalie A Cyphers, Andrea D Clements, Glenda Lindseth
Pender's health promotion model guided this descriptive/correlational study exploring the relationship between religiosity and health-promoting behaviors of pregnant women at Pregnancy Resource Centers (PRCs). A consecutive sample included women who knew they were pregnant at least 2 months, could read/write English, and visited PRCs in eastern Pennsylvania. Participants completed self-report surveys that examined religiosity, demographics, pregnancy-related variables, services received at PRCs, and health-promoting behaviors...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880088/lectio-divina-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-chaplaincy-program
#7
Marek S Kopacz, Mary S Adams, Robert F Searle
This participant outcome evaluation serves as a preliminary investigation into the effects of lectio divina, a chaplaincy service representing a form of focused Scripture reading. A sample of n = 19 patients who participated in this service at a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in upstate New York was screened at baseline and 30-days follow-up using the Duke University Religion Index, Berg Spiritual Injury Scale, and a screening question for thoughts of harming self or others. These measures were used to assess the intended outcomes of enhanced religiosity, ameliorated spiritual injury, and decreased thoughts of violence...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869567/use-of-the-daily-phone-diary-to-study-religiosity-and-mood-convergent-validity
#8
Rhonda D Szczesniak, Yuanshu Zou, Sophia M Dimitriou, Alexandra L Quittner, Daniel H Grossoehme
Studies of religious/spiritual behavior frequently rely on self-reported questionnaire data, which is susceptible to bias. The Daily Phone Diary (DPD) was developed to minimize bias in reporting activities and behavior across a 24-hour period. A cross-sectional study of 126 parents of children with cystic fibrosis was used to establish the validity of the DPD to study religious/spiritual behaviors. Longitudinal models were used to determine the odds of improved mood during religious/spiritual activities. Convergent validity was found...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847592/a-preliminary-survey-on-the-religious-profile-of-brazilian-psychiatrists-and-their-approach-to-patients-religiosity-in-clinical-practice
#9
Maria Cecilia Menegatti-Chequini, Juliane P B Gonçalves, Frederico C Leão, Mario F P Peres, Homero Vallada
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence of a relationship between religion/spirituality and mental health, it remains unclear how Brazilian psychiatrists deal with the religion/spirituality of their patients. AIMS: To explore whether Brazilian psychiatrists enquire about religion/spirituality in their practice and whether their own beliefs influence their work. METHOD: Four hundred and eighty-four Brazilian psychiatrists completed a cross-sectional survey on religion/spirituality and clinical practice...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844314/spousal-religiosity-religious-bonding-and-pornography-consumption
#10
Samuel L Perry
Religiosity and pornography use are often closely connected. Relatively few studies, however, have examined how this religion-pornography connection plays out within the context of committed romantic relationships. Moreover, virtually all studies of religion and pornography use conceptualize religiosity as a quality intrinsic to the person that typically reduces pornography viewing. Focusing on married Americans, this study shifted the focus to consider whether the religiosity of one's spouse relates to one's own pornography viewing and under what circumstances...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817135/finding-spirits-in-spirituality-what-are-we-measuring-in-spirituality-and-health-research
#11
Lance D Laird, Cara E Curtis, Jonathan R Morgan
What are we asking when we ask about spirituality? When research subjects check survey boxes for "religiosity" and "spirituality" measures on health surveys, those of us who use them often assume that these responses indicate a relationship with-or reaction against-normative, conventional, Protestant-shaped religious practice and experience. We present a qualitative interview study of 13 low-income mothers with a history of depression, analyzing their descriptions of spiritual and religious coping practices...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817098/associations-between-cultural-stressors-cultural-values-and-latina-o-college-students-mental-health
#12
Rosalie Corona, Vivian M Rodríguez, Shelby E McDonald, Efren Velazquez, Adriana Rodríguez, Vanessa E Fuentes
Latina/o college students experience cultural stressors that negatively impact their mental health, which places them at risk for academic problems. We explored whether cultural values buffer the negative effect of cultural stressors on mental health symptoms in a sample of 198 Latina/o college students (70 % female; 43 % first generation college students). Bivariate results revealed significant positive associations between cultural stressors (i.e., acculturative stress, discrimination) and mental health symptoms (i...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815514/recovery-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#13
Sandeep Grover, Nandita Hazari, Jitender Aneja, Subho Chakrabarti, Sunil Sharma, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The goal of treatment in mental illness has evolved from a symptom-based approach to a personal recovery-based approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of personal recovery among patients with bipolar disorder. METHODOLOGY: A total of 185 patients with bipolar disorder, currently in remission, were evaluated on Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Brief Religious coping scale (RCOPE), Duke University Religiosity Index (DUREL), Religiousness Measures Scale, Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS), Young Mania rating scale (YMRS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807615/the-role-of-religious-advisors-in-mental-health-care-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#14
Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Sara Evans-Lacko, David Williams, Laura Helena Andrade, Corina Benjet, Margreet Ten Have, Klaas Wardenaar, Elie G Karam, Ronny Bruffaerts, Jibril Abdumalik, Josep Maria Haro Abad, Silvia Florescu, Benjamin Wu, Peter De Jonge, Yasmina Altwaijri, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Evelyn Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, José Posada-Villa, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Yueqin Huang, Chiyi Hu, Maria Carmen Viana, John Fayyad, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Koen Demyttenaere, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Samuel Murphy, Miguel Xavier, Tadashi Takeshima, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of religious advisors in mental health care (MHC) according to disorder severity, socio-demographics, religious involvement and country income groups. METHODS: Face to face household surveys in ten high income (HI), six upper-middle income (UMI) and five low/lower-middle (LLMI) income countries totalling 101,258 adults interviewed with the WMH CIDI plus questions on use of care for mental health problems and religiosity. RESULTS: 1...
November 2, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806513/correlation-between-religious-attitude-and-resiliency-of-women-under-domestic-violence
#15
Elham-Sadat Dehghani-Firoozabadi, Jamileh Mohtashami, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Maliheh Nasiri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Sara Sedghi
The most common type of violence against women is domestic violence so that it is considered as a general health crisis. Resilience is a self-healing method featured with positive emotional outcomes. Religious attitudes are of the probable grounds of development of resilience techniques among women who have been victim of domestic violence. The present study is aimed at determining correlation between religious attitudes and resilience among women with domestic violence. The present study is a descriptive correlative research...
July 21, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792727/no-reliable-association-between-runs-of-homozygosity-and-schizophrenia-in-a-well-powered-replication-study
#16
Emma C Johnson, Douglas W Bjelland, Daniel P Howrigan, Abdel Abdellaoui, Gerome Breen, Anders Borglum, Sven Cichon, Franziska Degenhardt, Andreas J Forstner, Josef Frank, Giulio Genovese, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefan Herms, Per Hoffman, Wolfgang Maier, Manuel Mattheisen, Derek Morris, Bryan Mowry, Betram Müller-Mhysok, Benjamin Neale, Igor Nenadic, Markus M Nöthen, Colm O'Dushlaine, Marcella Rietschel, Douglas M Ruderfer, Dan Rujescu, Thomas G Schulze, Matthew A Simonson, Eli Stahl, Jana Strohmaier, Stephanie H Witt, Patrick F Sullivan, Matthew C Keller
It is well known that inbreeding increases the risk of recessive monogenic diseases, but it is less certain whether it contributes to the etiology of complex diseases such as schizophrenia. One way to estimate the effects of inbreeding is to examine the association between disease diagnosis and genome-wide autozygosity estimated using runs of homozygosity (ROH) in genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism arrays. Using data for schizophrenia from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (n = 21,868), Keller et al...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783262/empathy-is-associated-with-meaning-of-life-and-mental-health-treatment-but-not-religiosity-among-brazilian-medical-students
#17
Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Luciana Maria de Andrade Ribeiro, Amanda Guedes Dos Santos, Barbara Almeida da Silva, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of spirituality, religiosity, personal beliefs, and previous contact with health issues on the level of empathy in medical students. Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Student Version, WHOQOL-Spirituality, Religiousness and Personal Beliefs, and Duke University Religion Index were applied to 285 Brazilian medical students. The findings suggest that meaning of life and previous mental health treatment but not Religiosity were positively related to empathy. We suggest that more attention should be given for prevention and treatment of mental health issues, and further studies are needed to understand and replicate these findings...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768141/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-growth-quality-of-life-and-spiritual-well-being-in-outpatients-undergoing-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-pilot-study
#18
Shane Sinclair, Reanne Booker, Tak Fung, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Bert Enns, Kate Beamer, Naree Ager
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between spiritual, religious, and sociodemographic factors and post-traumatic growth, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in outpatients undergoing bone marrow and/or stem cell transplantation (BMSCT).
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory.
. SETTING: Outpatient bone marrow transplantation clinic at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 100 patients (21 pre-BMSCT and 79 post-BMSCT) accrued consecutively via non-probability sampling...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761758/good-for-all-hardly-attending-church-does-not-benefit-religiously-unaffiliated
#19
David Speed, Ken Fowler
The existing literature addressing Religion and Spirituality supports the idea that attending church is positively associated with health outcomes. However, within this literature there has been an impoverished effort to determine whether the Religiously Unaffiliated will report these positive relationships. Using representative data from Ontario (N = 3620), the relationships between Religious/Spiritual variables (Attendance, Prayer/Meditation, and Religiosity) and health outcomes (Happiness, Self-Rated Health, and Satisfaction with Life) were assessed...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760206/measuring-cross-cultural-supernatural-beliefs-with-self-and-peer-reports
#20
Matthias Bluemke, Jonathan Jong, Dennis Grevenstein, Igor Mikloušić, Jamin Halberstadt
Despite claims about the universality of religious belief, whether religiosity scales have the same meaning when administered inter-subjectively-or translated and applied cross-culturally-is currently unknown. Using the recent "Supernatural Belief Scale" (SBS), we present a primer on how to verify the strong assumptions of measurement invariance required in research on religion. A comparison of two independent samples, Croatians and New Zealanders, showed that, despite a sophisticated psychometric model, measurement invariance could be demonstrated for the SBS except for two noninvariant intercepts...
2016: PloS One
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