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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#1
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508383/spiritual-well-being-religious-activity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#2
Carrie E Brintz, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Maria M Llabre, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Aida L Giachello, Ryung S Kim, Lenny Lopez, Yanping Teng, Frank J Penedo
Sociocultural risk and protective factors for developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), have not been well studied in Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States (U.S.). Religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S), important aspects of Hispanic/Latino culture, have been inversely associated with CVD and multiple CVD risk factors. Cross-sectional associations between dimensions of R/S and prevalent MetS, and its five individual components were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression, among 3278 U...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#3
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503931/burnout-among-healthcare-workers-at-l-aquila-its-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#4
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Vincenzo Abbossida, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout, which is now recognized as a real problem in terms of its negative outcome on healthcare efficiency, is a stress condition that can be increased by exposure to natural disasters, such as the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. This study aims to evaluate burnout syndrome, its associated risk factors and stress levels, and the individual coping strategies among healthcare professionals at L'Aquila General Hospital. A cross-sectional study of 190 healthcare workers was conducted. There was a questionnaire for the collection of the socio-demographic, occupational and anamnestic data, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-12 items (GHQ-12) and the Brief COPE were used...
May 15, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#5
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492218/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-symptoms-in-chronic-mental-patients
#6
Martina Šimunović, Stanija Tokmakčija, Marko Pavlović, Romana Babić, Marina Vasilj, Marko Martinac, Ivan Vasilj, Dragan Babić
INTRODUCTION: In recent decades, there is more and more scientific research and evidence that religiosity has a positive impact on quality of life and mental health. The aim this study is to evaluate the impact of religiosity on the quality of life and psychological symptoms of chronic mental patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The test group was consisted of 100 chronic mental patients at the Clinic for Psychiatry UCH Mostar, and control group was consisted of 80 somatic patients surveyed from the Infirmary of family medicine of the Health Center Mostar...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484933/exploring-religiosity-self-esteem-stress-and-depression-among-students-of-a-cypriot-university
#7
Evanthia Sakellari, Maria Psychogiou, Anna Georgiou, Milena Papanidi, Vasso Vlachou, Despina Sapountzi-Krepia
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Religiosity, Self-esteem, Stress, and Depression among nursing students, social work students, and early-education students of a Cypriot University. The data were collected using four questionnaires. The results indicate a significant positive association between Depression and Stress. Greater levels of Self-esteem were found to be associated with lower depression levels in correlation analysis, while strength of Religious and Spiritual Beliefs was correlated negatively with depression...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484861/sex-life-satisfaction-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-descriptive-and-exploratory-analysis
#8
Stephen Cranney
Nearly all of the sex life satisfaction literature has dealt with developed-country settings, and nothing has been published on sex life satisfaction in sub-Saharan Africa. Not only is sub-Saharan African a substantively relevant area in its own right, but it also provides a useful point of comparison for patterns and relations found in developed-world contexts. A brief descriptive and exploratory study of sex life satisfaction in sub-Saharan Africa was conducted using the World Gallup Poll, a dataset with representative sex life satisfaction data for 31 countries and 25,483 cases...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469423/prior-delinquency-and-depression-differentially-predict-conditional-associations-between-discrete-patterns-of-adolescent-religiosity-and-adult-alcohol-use-patterns
#9
Meredith A Hoyland, Wade C Rowatt, Shawn J Latendresse
Prior research has demonstrated that adolescent delinquency and depression are prospectively related to adult alcohol use and that adolescent religiosity may influence these relationships. However, such associations have not been investigated using person-centered approaches that provide nuanced explorations of these constructs. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examined whether adolescent delinquency and depression differentiated typologies of adult alcohol users and whether these relationships varied across religiosity profiles...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457990/coping-and-quality-of-life-of-soldiers-wives-following-military-operation
#10
Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Reut Bar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between coping strategies and four dimensions of quality of life (QOL) (physical, psychological, social relations and environment) among military wives. We examined these links six months after the military operation termed Protective Edge. Data were collected from 100 wives (mean age=30.56 SD=5.50) of soldiers who had participated in the military operation and who had been in the front lines. These women filled out self-reported questionnaires including demographics, Brief COPE and WHOQOL-BREF...
April 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444608/mechanisms-behind-religiosity-and-spirituality-s-effect-on-mental-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#11
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Helder H Kamei, Patricia R Tobo, Giancarlo Lucchetti
This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441173/religiosity-in-acute-psychiatric-inpatients-relationship-with-demographics-clinical-features-and-length-of-stay
#12
Noha AbdelGawad, Jigar Chotalia, Ajay Parsaik, Teresa Pigott, Melissa Allen
This study examined the relationship between religiosity in 175 psychiatric inpatients as measured by the subscales of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) and sociodemographic (age, sex, and race), clinical (primary diagnosis, suicidality, and psychotic symptoms), and outcome (length of stay [LOS] and readmission rates) measures. Psychosis was assessed by Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity (CRDPSS) scale. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the association between the DUREL subscales and the outcome measures...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441090/religious-involvement-and-marijuana-use-among-a-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#13
Michael Parrish, John Taylor
Is religiosity associated with African American drug use? Despite the increased research attention that has been devoted to the topic, findings to date have been inconclusive. To address this issue, we analyze data from a sample of 434 young adults residing in Miami-Dade County Florida. We find that, of the four dimensions of religiosity considered here, only religious attendance is inversely related to marijuana use for men and women. The implications of these findings are discussed.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435513/pathways-from-religion-to-health-mediation-by-psychosocial-and-lifestyle-mechanisms
#14
Kelly R Morton, Jerry W Lee, Leslie R Martin
Religiosity, often measured as attendance at religious services, is linked to better physical health and longevity though the mechanisms linking the two are debated. Potential explanations include: a healthier lifestyle, increased social support from congregational members, and/or more positive emotions. Thus far, these mechanisms have not been tested simultaneously in a single model though they likely operate synergistically. We test this model predicting all-cause mortality in Seventh-day Adventists, a denomination that explicitly promotes a healthy lifestyle...
February 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425006/religiosity-gender-and-natural-disasters-a-qualitative-study-of-disaster-stricken-regions-in-iran
#15
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani
While religiosity is emerging as one of the more important subjects in disaster management, identifying gender differences in using religion as a coping method has attracted very little attention. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of religiosity on disaster-affected women and men in the setting of Iran. A field-based investigation using a qualitative approach was carried out to achieve the study's purpose. Data were collected using in-depth unstructured interviews with 25 participants who had been damaged by recent disasters...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408891/video-games-exposure-and-sexism-in-a-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#16
Laurent Bègue, Elisa Sarda, Douglas A Gentile, Clementine Bry, Sebastian Roché
Research has indicated that many video games are saturated with stereotypes of women and that these contents may cultivate sexism. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between video game exposure and sexism for the first time in a large and representative sample. Our aim was also to measure the strength of this association when two other significant and well-studied sources of sexism, television exposure and religiosity, were also included in a multivariate model. A representative sample of 13520 French youth aged 11-19 years completed a survey measuring weekly video game and television exposure, religiosity, and sexist attitudes toward women...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408074/burnout-and-job-satisfaction-of-intensive-care-personnel-and-the-relationship-with-personality-and-religious-traits-an-observational-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#17
Asimenia Ntantana, Dimitrios Matamis, Savvoula Savvidou, Maria Giannakou, Mary Gouva, George Nakos, Vasilios Koulouras
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if burnout in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is influenced by aspects of personality, religiosity and job satisfaction. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study, designed to assess burnout in the ICU and to investigate possible determinants. Three different questionnaires were used: the Malach Burnout Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Spiritual/Religious Attitudes Questionnaire. Predicting factors for high burnout were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
April 10, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403299/religious-and-spiritual-coping-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#18
Clarissa Mourão Pinho, Bruno Felipe Remigio Dâmaso, Eduardo Tavares Gomes, Maria de Fátima Cordeiro Trajano, Maria Sandra Andrade, Marília Perrelli Valença
OBJECTIVE: evaluate the religiosity and the religious/spiritual coping of people living with HIV/Aids. METHOD: descriptive, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, conducted in a reference HIV/Aids outpatient clinic in a university hospital of Recife-PE, Brazil, from June to November 2015. At total of 52 people living with HIV/Aids (PLWHA) participated in the research, which employed own questionnaire, the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL), and the Religious/Spiritual Coping Scale (RCOPE)...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401792/assessment-of-long-term-mate-preferences-in-iran
#19
Mohammad Atari
Previous research suggests that assessment of mate preferences has received relatively little psychometric attention from researchers, particularly in non-Western cultures. The current research was designed to (1) extend previous findings on long-term mate preferences by using a qualitative strategy, (2) develop a psychometrically sound scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences in men, and (3) develop a sex-neutral scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences. Six dimensions of mate preferences emerged for men: F = family/domesticity, A = attractiveness/sexuality, K = kindness/dependability, E = education/intelligence, R = religiosity/chastity, and S = status/resources...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385112/influence-of-religion-on-later-burden-and-health-of-new-black-and-white-caregivers
#20
Carla R A Fider, Jerry W Lee, Peter C Gleason, Patricia Jones
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between positive aspects of religiosity and reduced stress in caregivers, and negative aspects of religiosity and increased caregiver burden. METHOD: Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we performed multiple linear regression analysis on 584 caregivers. RESULTS: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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