keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

religiosity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#1
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
November 17, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147853/biospecimen-donation-among-black-and-white-breast-cancer-survivors-opportunities-to-promote-precision-medicine
#2
Vanessa B Sheppard, Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Yun-Ling Zheng, Ying Wang, Kristi D Graves, Tania Lobo, Hanfei Xu, Yvonne Jennings, Dennis Tolsma, Martha Trout, Brandi E Robinson, Brittany McKinnon, Mahlet Tadesse
PURPOSE: Advances in precision medicine (PM) have potential to reduce and/or eliminate breast cancer disparities in both treatment and survivorship. However, compared to white Americans, black Americans are often underrepresented in genetic research. This report assessed factors that influence receipt of buccal cells via saliva kits. METHODS: This prospective study recruited women with confirmed hormonal-positive (HR+) breast cancer (BC). A standardized telephone survey collected sociodemographic, socio-cultural (e...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145739/the-development-of-positive-psychology-outcome-measures-and-their-uses-in-dementia-research-a-systematic-review
#3
Charlotte R Stoner, Jacki Stansfeld, Martin Orrell, Aimee Spector
Positive psychology is gaining credence within dementia research but currently there is a lack of outcome measures within this area developed specifically for people with dementia. Authors have begun adopting positive psychology measures developed with other populations but there is no consensus around which are more appropriate or psychometrically robust. A systematic search identified measures used between 1998 and 2017 and an appraisal of the development procedure was undertaken using standardised criteria enabling the awarding of scores based on reporting of psychometric information...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145184/addictive-non-drug-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-after-focal-brain-lesions
#4
René M Müri, Dario Cazzoli
This chapter presents an overview of different addictive and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and their constellations due to focal brain lesions. In general, such symptoms are not systematically reported in the literature, and the knowledge about the networks involved is sometimes sparse. Finally, we present an original case with an unusual combination of kleptomania and hyper-religiosity.
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141100/religiosity-and-psychological-resilience-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#5
Y Mizuno, A Hofer, B Frajo-Apor, F Wartelsteiner, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Suzuki, M Mimura, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The impact of religious/spiritual activities on clinical outcomes in patients with serious mental illnesses remains controversial, which was addressed in this international cross-sectional study. METHOD: Three-hundred sixty-nine subjects were recruited from Austria (n = 189) and Japan (n = 180), consisting of 112 outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia, 120 with bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV), and 137 healthy controls. Religiosity was assessed in terms of attendance and importance of religious/spiritual activities, while resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137693/another-chance-at-life-jordanian-patients-experience-of-going-through-a-myocardial-infarction
#6
Ali Ahmad Ammouri, Joy Kabasindi Kamanyire, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Susan Achora, Arwa Atef Obeidat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening health condition that has physical, spiritual, emotional, and social changes. Understanding feelings and thoughts of patients who suffered MI attacks is essential to recovery. Among Jordanian patients who suffered an acute attack of MI, the aim of the study was to describe the experiences and the varied meanings that they assign to their experiences. METHODS: A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological research design was used...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136245/the-religiosity-and-spiritual-beliefs-and-practices-of-clinical-social-workers-a-national-survey
#7
Holly K Oxhandler, Edward C Polson, W Andrew Achenbaum
This article describes the religious and spiritual beliefs and practices among a national sample of 426 licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs). Given the significant role LCSWs' intrinsic religiosity plays in whether or not they consider clients' religion and spirituality (RS) as it relates to practice, it is critical that the profession best understands current LCSWs' religious and spiritual beliefs, and in what ways these mirror or contrast those of the clients whom they serve. Findings from this secondary analysis of a recent national survey suggest that compared with the general U...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133403/parochial-trust-and-cooperation-across-17-societies
#8
Angelo Romano, Daniel Balliet, Toshio Yamagishi, James H Liu
International challenges such as climate change, poverty, and intergroup conflict require countries to cooperate to solve these complex problems. However, the political tide in many countries has shifted inward, with skepticism and reluctance to cooperate with other countries. Thus, cross-societal investigations are needed to test theory about trust and cooperation within and between groups. We conducted an experimental study in 17 countries designed to test several theories that explain why, who, and where people trust and cooperate more with ingroup members, compared with outgroup members...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#9
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127579/correction-to-the-impact-of-religiosity-on-substance-abuse-and-obesity-in-african-americans
#10
Bernice A Dodor, Michael A Robinson, Reed Watson, David Meetze, Ronald Whicker
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author names. The co-author names should be David Meetze and Ronald Whicker Jr. instead of David Meetz and Ronald Wicker. The original article has been corrected.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126170/changes-in-social-support-over-time-in-a-faith-based-physical-activity-intervention
#11
Chandra R Story, Douglas Knutson, Jameisha B Brown, Erica Spears-Laniox, Idethia Shevon Harvey, Ziya Gizlice, Melicia C Whitt-Glover
African-American women report higher levels of chronic conditions and church attendance relative to the overall US population. Therefore, efforts have increased over the past decade to design church-based health promotion programs. The present study compared changes in religiosity, religious social support and general social support across time within a church-based physical activity study. In a clustered randomized controlled trial, 31 churches and ∼15 African-American women per church were recruited to participate...
November 8, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125803/religiosity-and-the-concept-of-god-moderate-the-relationship-between-the-type-of-trauma-posttraumatic-cognitions-and-mental-health
#12
Justyna Kucharska
The aim of the study was to examine the role of religiosity as a moderator in the relationships between trauma, posttraumatic cognitions and mental health. A one-dimensional measure of religiosity and a multidimensional "concept of god" measure were used; sexual and non-sexual traumatic events were assessed and posttraumatic cognitions related to either sexual or non-sexual trauma were taken into account. A total of 337 females from Poland participated in the cross-sectional study. It was predicted that the relationships between sexual trauma and mental health would be stronger in religious individuals - this hypothesis was supported in the case of negative mental health (PTSD, z = -1...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123360/understanding-the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-caregiver-adolescent-communication-about-sex-within-african-american-families
#13
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Terrinieka W Powell, Isha W Metzger, Gaurav Dave, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Millicent Atujuna, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Mysha Wynn, Feng-Chang Lin, Wenxiao Zhou, Aletha Y Akers
Caregiver-adolescent communication about sex plays a critical role in the sexual socialization of youth. Many caregivers, however, do not engage their youth in such conversations, potentially placing them at risk for negative sexual health outcomes. Lack of caregiver-adolescent communication about sex may be particularly harmful for rural African American youth, as they often report early sex initiation and are disproportionately impacted by STIs. Moreover, sexual communication may be particularly challenging for families with strong religious backgrounds, potentially affecting the occurrence and breadth of topics covered during communication...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110644/the-protective-role-of-religiosity-against-problem-gambling-findings-from-a-five-year-prospective-study
#14
Seema Mutti-Packer, David C Hodgins, Robert J Williams, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the potential protective influence of religiosity against problem gambling; a common addictive behavior, and one with a host of associated negative health and social outcomes. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the potential longitudinal association between religiosity and problem gambling among adults and (2) the potential moderating role of gender on this association. METHODS: Data were from five waves of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS), between 2006 and 2010...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110202/religiosity-as-a-substance-use-protective-factor-among-female-college-students
#15
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Orly Sarid, Adi Dagan, Orli Grinstein-Cohen, Vered Yeflach Wishkerman
Research exists about religiosity as a substance use protective factor. However, there is little attention of this issue regarding Israeli female college students. Undergraduate religious and secular students were studied. Religious students reported lower last month tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and non-medical prescription drug use. Secular females who smoked, missed class because of party habits and reported easy access to cannabis had a higher probability of binge drinking. This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102991/beyond-the-diagnosis-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-persons-with-hepatitis-b-in-the-accra-metropolis-ghana
#16
Charles Ampong Adjei, Florence Naab, Ernestina S Donkor
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the experiences of people with hepatitis B in the Accra metropolis. DESIGN: The study employed qualitative exploratory descriptive design with purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through face-to-face interview and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed using content analysis. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited from one government and one mission hospital in Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen individuals aged between 26 and 45 years with hepatitis B infection were interviewed...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099706/impact-of-orthodox-christian-faith-and-spirituality-on-society-s-mental-health-based-on-the-population-survey-of-tbilisi-georgia
#17
K Giorgadze, R Shengelia, N Durglishvili
Research of mental health related factors has become increasingly important on a global scale. The study is intended to uncover the relationship between a depression and a religion (Orthodox Christianity) - case of Tbilisi population. The research objectives are screening and measurement of a depression using Beck Depression Inventory; describing general statistics with correlation to demographics; revealing factors carrying significant connections with depression, distinguishing their role and place in the forming process of depression general indicator; researching religiosity as one of the hypothetical factors; analyzing the results of relationships between depression and religiousness...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089010/positive-changes-experienced-after-a-first-episode-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Gerald Jordan, Kathleen MacDonald, Megan A Pope, Emily Schorr, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
OBJECTIVE: Although the negative consequences associated with first-episode psychosis (FEP) have been well investigated, relatively less is known about positive changes that people may experience after FEP. Existing literature is disparate and in need of synthesis. Such a synthesis can inform the design of mental health services that foster strengths, hope, and optimism. The objective of this study was to synthesize the literature on how positive change is experienced after FEP by affected persons and their families and friends and to delineate the individual, social, and structural factors facilitating positive change...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066037/end-of-life-care-preferences-in-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-and-chronic-medical-conditions-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#19
Dominique Elie, Amanda Marino, Susana G Torres-Platas, Saeid Noohi, Trent Semeniuk, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVES: Physicians rarely engage severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) patients in end-of-life care discussion despite an increased risk of debilitating medical illnesses and mortality. Access to quality palliative care and medical assistance in dying (MAID) has become a priority in Canada and many jurisdictions. In this study, we compared SPMI and chronic medically ill (CMI) patients' end-of-life care preferences and comfort level with end-of-life care discussion, and identified potential predictors of interest in MAID...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064763/a-quantitative-examination-of-identity-integration-in-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-people-of-faith
#20
Eric M Rodriguez, Chana Etengoff, Michelle D Vaughan
Much of the religious/spiritual development of gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLBs) has focused on experiences of conflict and distress, providing little insight into how these identities can be integrated. The present study explored the religious and spiritual lives of GLBs with a specific focus on the integration of these identities. We conducted a retrospective secondary data analysis of 750 GLB individuals from the Northern California Health Study to quantitatively assess sexual orientation and religion/spirituality integration using hierarchical cluster analysis...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
keyword
keyword
49108
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"