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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916918/mixed-blessings-religion-spirituality-predicts-better-and-worse-screening-behaviours
#1
David Speed
Some health research suggests that religious and spiritual variables positively predict health-screening behaviours. However, much of the literature on this topic has utilized exclusively religious samples, or has sampled from populations without uniform access to health care. Either of these issues may have artificially inflated the relationship between religion/spirituality and health-screening behaviours. The current study used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine a general sample of women from New Brunswick and Manitoba (N > 1200)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914142/theorizing-and-measuring-religiosity-across-cultures
#2
Adam B Cohen, Gina L Mazza, Kathryn A Johnson, Craig K Enders, Carolyn M Warner, Michael H Pasek, Jonathan E Cook
For almost 50 years, psychologists have been theorizing about and measuring religiosity essentially the way Gordon Allport did, when he distinguished between intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. However, there is a historical debate regarding what this scale actually measures, which items should be included, and how many factors or subscales exist. To provide more definitive answers, we estimated a series of confirmatory factor analysis models comparing four competing theories for how to score Gorsuch and McPherson's commonly used measure of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903669/the-evil-animal-a-terror-management-theory-perspective-on-the-human-tendency-to-kill-animals
#3
Uri Lifshin, Jeff Greenberg, Colin A Zestcott, Daniel Sullivan
This research tested whether support for the killing of animals serves a terror management function. In five studies, death primes caused participants to support the killing of animals more than control primes, unless the participants' self-esteem had been elevated (Study 4). This effect was not moderated by gender, preexisting attitudes toward killing animals or animal rights, perceived human-animal similarity, religiosity, political orientation, or by the degree to which the killing was justified. Support for killing animals after subliminal death primes was also associated with an increased sense of power and invulnerability (Study 5)...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901283/a-systematic-review-of-religious-beliefs-about-major-end-of-life-issues-in-the-five-major-world-religions
#4
Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Areej R El-Jawahri, Mark R Litzow, Karen L Syrjala, Aric D Parnes, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the religious/spiritual beliefs of followers of the five major world religions about frequently encountered medical situations at the end of life (EoL). METHOD: This was a systematic review of observational studies on the religious aspects of commonly encountered EoL situations. The databases used for retrieving studies were: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890637/is-religiosity-in-a-prospective-partner-always-desirable-the-moderating-roles-of-shared-social-identity-and-medium-of-communication-when-choosing-interaction-partners
#5
Chris Stiff
The profession of religion gives rise to myriad inferences and connotations, yet surprisingly little research has examined how it may influence with whom we choose to work. Two experiments conducted at a UK university investigated how religiosity by prospective collaborators affected attitudes and behaviour towards them. Participants in experiment 1 (N = 96) and experiment 2 (N = 120) demonstrated that individuals have a greater preference for, and are more likely to choose, a partner who shares their religious tendencies, but only when they anticipate working face-to-face...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885897/personal-pornography-viewing-and-sexual-satisfaction-a-quadratic-analysis
#6
Paul J Wright, Ana J Bridges, Chyng Sun, Matthew Ezzell, Jennifer A Johnson
Personal pornography viewing has been associated with lower sexual satisfaction in both experimental and observational research. The language used to hypothesize this relationship typically suggests that it is frequent viewing, rather than infrequent or only occasional viewing, that is responsible for any adverse effects. When the nature of the relationship between a predictor and a criterion depends on the levels of the predictor, a curvilinear relationship is indicated. Nevertheless, studies have assumed linearity in their analytical approach...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882071/-wearing-my-spiritual-jacket-the-role-of-spirituality-as-a-coping-mechanism-among-african-american-youth
#7
LeConté J Dill
There is growing evidence in the theoretical literature regarding the importance of religion and religiosity in people's lives, particularly concerning their health and well-being. Spirituality, a related but different concept, has been less well studied, especially empirically, but shows promise as a mechanism for coping with deleterious social and health circumstances. This article details a qualitative exploration of the role of spiritual coping in the lives of urban African American youth. Data were gathered through in-depth, semistructured interviews with 20 African American youth, ages 12 to 20 years...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862082/intergenerational-similarity-of-religiosity-over-the-family-life-course
#8
Joohong Min, Merril Silverstein, Tara L Gruenewald
OBJECTIVES: Research consistently shows that parents influence children's religiosity. However, few studies acknowledge that there is within-group variation in the intergenerational transmission of religiosity. In this article, we examine whether and how congruence in religiosity between generations changes over the family life course and identifies unique parent-child trajectory classes. METHOD: We used eight waves of data from the Longitudinal Study of Generations, including 1,084 parent-child dyads beginning in 1971 when the children were adolescents and young adults, followed up to 2005...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856897/nurse-religiosity-and-spiritual-care-an-online-survey
#9
Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, Carla Gober-Park, Kathy Schoonover-Shoffner, Iris Mamier, Chintan K Somaiya, Khaled Bahjri
This study measured the frequency of nurse-provided spiritual care and how it is associated with various facets of nurse religiosity. Data were collected using an online survey accessed from the home page of the Journal of Christian Nursing. The survey included the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale, six scales quantifying facets of religiosity, and demographic and work-related items. Respondents ( N = 358) indicated high religiosity yet reported neutral responses to items about sharing personal beliefs and tentativeness of belief...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844442/associations-between-religiosity-and-anxiety-depressive-symptoms-and-well-being-in-korean-adults-living-with-epilepsy
#10
Sang-Ahm Lee, Han Uk Ryu, Eun-Ju Choi, Myung-Ah Ko, Ji-Ye Jeon, Su-Hyun Han, Gha-Hyun Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Kwang-Deog Jo
PURPOSE: Religiosity can be important in the everyday life of persons with epilepsy (PWE). How PWE live with religiosity can be influenced by their cultural background. We determined whether religiosity is associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms, and well-being in Korean adults with epilepsy. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient clinics of five university hospitals in Korea. Religiosity was assessed using the five-item Duke University Religion Index (DUREL)...
August 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843588/mental-contamination-the-effects-of-religiosity
#11
Ilgun Bilekli, Mujgan Inozu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental contamination, which occurs in the absence of contact with a contaminant, has a moral element. Previous studies evoked feelings of mental contamination via listening to a scenario, which described a non-consensual kiss. Since mental contamination has a moral element, we tested the effects of the level of religiosity on feelings of mental contamination and related variables in an experimental design. METHODS: Female undergraduates of high religiosity (n = 48) and low religiosity (n = 44) were randomly assigned to listen to one of two audio recordings involving a consensual or non-consensual kiss from a man described as moral...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841128/discrete-effects-of-religiosity-and-spirituality-on-gay-identity-and-self-esteem
#12
Suzanne Stern, A Jordan Wright
Previous research indicates that while spirituality may bolster development of a positive gay identity, religiosity may prove detrimental. Because the majority of this research confounds these constructs, there is little evidence as to the discrete roles religiosity and spirituality may play in LGB identity development. The present study endeavored to tease apart the unique effects of religion and spirituality on positive and negative gay identity, and self-esteem. A sample of 376 self-identified sexual minority adults were given measures of religiosity, spirituality, LGB identity, and self-esteem...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840419/both-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-religious-orientation-are-positively-associated-with-attitudes-toward-cleanliness-exploring-multiple-routes-from-godliness-to-cleanliness
#13
Leib Litman, Jonathan Robinson, Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Ron Finkelstein
In the present study, we explore how intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations are associated with cleanliness attitudes. We find that reported importance of religion is associated with increased cleanliness concerns and interest in cleanliness. Attitudes toward cleanliness were also associated with both intrinsic religious orientation and extrinsic religious orientation. Together, religiosity and religious orientation account for 14.7% of cleanliness attitudes and remained significant in the presence of personality, socioeconomic status, age, education, obsessive-compulsive attitudes toward cleanliness, and other covariates...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#14
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814138/finnish-nurses-attitudes-towards-their-role-in-the-euthanasia-process
#15
Anja Terkamo-Moisio, Chris Gastmans, Olli-Pekka Ryynänen, Anna-Maija Pietilä
BACKGROUND: Nurses' voices remain unheard in most debates about euthanasia, although their crucial role in the euthanasia process is widely acknowledged. Moreover, in Canadian euthanasia law, nurses have a more active role, which further highlights the need for knowledge about nurses' attitudes towards their role in the euthanasia process. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are Finnish nurses' attitudes towards their potential role in the euthanasia process? Which characteristics are associated with those attitudes? RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813272/religiosity-and-parenting-recent-directions-in-process-oriented-research
#16
REVIEW
Marcie C Goeke-Morey, E Mark Cummings
Most faith traditions, in principle, promote family life and positive parent-child relationships. In recent years, research has moved beyond questions of whether religion supports positive parenting towards addressing more nuanced process-oriented questions, including how, why, and when religion is linked with adaptive or maladaptive parenting. Relations between religion and multiple specific parenting behaviors (e.g., involvement, warmth, authoritative parenting, communication) are identified, including contexts for when and why relations between religion and parenting are adaptive or maladaptive...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#17
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806122/sexual-attitudes-of-classes-of-college-students-who-use-pornography
#18
Cameron C Brown, Stacy Conner, Amber Vennum
Pornography is widely accepted and used as an appropriate sexual practice. Previous literature has suggested that pornography users may be best viewed through a heterogenetic lens that indicates specific classes of pornography users. Furthering this previous research, a latent profile analysis was conducted using a sample of 635 college students (mean age men 20.22 (standard deviation [SD] = 3.10); women 19.16 [SD = 2.12]) over two time points to not only identify unique classifications of pornography users, but also examine specific sexual attitudes 3 months later of each classification...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803368/political-affiliation-spirituality-and-religiosity-links-to-emerging-adults-life-satisfaction-and-optimism
#19
Cansu Berivan Ozmen, Gina M Brelsford, Caili R Danieu
The goal of this study was to extend the existing literature regarding the intersection between belief systems shaping psychological processes and subjective well-being among emerging adults. A nationwide sample of 3966 college students reported on their political affiliation, spirituality, and religiosity in relation to their subjective well-being. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that politically conservative participants were significantly more optimistic and satisfied with life than their liberal counterparts and Republican emerging adults reported significantly higher life satisfaction than Democrats...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799888/challenging-the-black-church-narrative-race-class-and-homosexual-attitudes
#20
Yasmiyn A Irizarry, Ravi K Perry
In recent years, scholars have pointed to the black church as the driving force behind blacks' more conservative Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (LGBT) attitudes. Although evidence suggests a robust association between religiosity and LGBT attitudes, contemporary scholarship has not examined the role of class or the extent to which religiosity actually explains these trends. Using the 2004-2012 waves of the General Social Survey, we find that class moderates in the effect of race on negative LGBT attitudes, resulting in a noticeably larger gap between middle class blacks and whites than in the top or the bottom of the class distribution...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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