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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070479/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-in-minority-women-participating-in-the-health-is-power-hip-study
#1
Serene Ansari, Erica G Soltero, Elizabeth Lorenzo, Rebecca E Lee
African American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) women report lower rates of physical activity (PA) and poorer dietary habits compared to their white counterparts. Religiosity can act as a protective factor for health; however, the relationship between religiosity, PA, and diet is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the influence of religiosity on PA and fruit and vegetable (FV) and fat consumption in minority women. Health is Power (HIP) was a 6-month intervention where participants (AA: 63%; HL: 37%) were randomized to a PA or FV group...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060527/moderating-effect-of-intrinsic-religiosity-on-the-relationship-between-depression-and-cognitive-function-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron
OBJECTIVES: Research has found that depression in later life is associated with cognitive impairment. Thus, the mechanism to reduce the effect of depression on cognitive function is warranted. In this paper, we intend to examine whether intrinsic religiosity mediates the association between depression and cognitive function. METHOD: The study included 2322 nationally representative community-dwelling elderly in Malaysia, randomly selected through a multi-stage proportional cluster random sampling from Peninsular Malaysia...
January 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054216/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-filipino-versions-of-the-duke-university-religion-index-and-the-spiritual-coping-strategies-scale-in-filipino-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Ralph Warren P Reyes, Paolo C Colet, Joel C Estacio, Sílvia Caldeira, Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Harold G Koenig
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Filipino versions of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-F) and the Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS-F) for hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Philippines. A convenient sample of 162 HD patients was included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The DUREL-F and SCS-F exhibited acceptable internal consistency and stability reliability, as well as excellent content and construct validity. The findings confirmed the soundness of the psychometric properties of the two scales...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052165/integrating-spirituality-into-outpatient-practice-in-the-adventist-health-system
#4
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: We examined Adventist Health System (AHS)-affiliated providers and staff regarding controversial spiritual practices such as praying led by a practitioner, sharing of personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs for health reasons. METHODS: Approached were 1082 providers to participate in a project to integrate spirituality into outpatient care. Those who agreed were asked to identify staff in their practice to assist. Providers and staff were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire examining attitudes/practices concerning spiritual activities with patients...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050747/the-association-between-muslim-religiosity-and-young-adult-college-students-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#5
Mohammad Nadeem, Akhtar Ali, Muhammad Ayub Buzdar
Depression, anxiety, and stress are among major psychological disorders being predominant in present day. This study proposed to analyze the role of Muslim religiosity in male students showing these mental indications. A sample including 723 Pakistani young adults enrolled at college level was randomly chosen. Muslim Religiosity Measurement Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were utilized to gather information. Discoveries uncover an inverse relationship between conduct and affiliation with the symptoms of mental disorders, anxiety and stress among the respondents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038507/religiosity-is-a-protective-factor-for-suicidal-ideation-in-european-american-students-but-not-in-african-american-students
#6
David Lester, Rheeda L Walker
In a sample of 419 college students, intrinsic religiosity scores, but not extrinsic religiosity scores, contributed significantly to the prediction of current suicidal ideation. Religiosity was a protective factor for suicidal ideation in women but not in men and in European American students but not in African American students. The assessment of suicidal risk, therefore, may require different sets of scales depending on the sex and ethnicity of the client.
February 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032319/religiosity-marital-quality-and-couple-generativity-in-italian-couples-belonging-to-a-catholic-spiritual-association-a-quali-quantitative-study
#7
Miriam Parise, Fabiana Gatti, Raffaella Iafrate
The current studies aimed, firstly, at exploring the relationship between the level of religiosity and marital outcomes, in terms of relationship quality and couple generativity; secondly, at gaining insight into which strategies the couples use to ensure their marital quality/couple generativity, and understanding if religious practices have a positive influence on the development of such strategies. The studies focused on a specific aspect of religiosity, that is the active involvement in a Catholic association, and compared couples with a high level of religious involvement (HRI) belonging to a Catholic international association (New Families) and couples with a low level of religious involvement (LRI)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028659/role-of-religiosity-in-psychological-well-being-among-medical-and-non-medical-students
#8
Shemaila Saleem, Tamkeen Saleem
Religion has been generally considered as a protective factor for the psychological health of the people. As many studies have publicized a high prevalence of psychological morbidities among the medical students during their academic stages of medical schools, it is significant to investigate whether religiosity functions as a protective factor, to explore religiosity as a predictor of psychological well-being in a sample of medical students, and to compare the results of medical students as well as non-medical students with respect to religiosity and psychological well-being...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025759/religiosity-its-impact-on-coping-styles-among-women-undergoing-fertility-treatment
#9
O Grinstein-Cohen, A Katz, O Sarid
The Israeli worldview places great significance on childbearing. This could create emotional and ethical difficulties for women coping with fertility issues in addition to their treatments. This study examined the relations between coping strategies and level of religiosity in 159 women undergoing infertility treatment. Statistically significant relations were found between the problem-solving coping style and religious observance (p < 0.01) and religious beliefs (p < 0.05). An inverse correlation was found between the emotional coping style and religious beliefs (p < 0...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024446/mental-health-in-a-conflict-area-migration-economic-stress-and-religiosity-in-the-three-southernmost-provinces-of-thailand
#10
Kathleen Ford, Aree Jampaklay, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
AIM: Three southern provinces of Thailand, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, have been involved in a long period of unrest due to differences between the population in the provinces and the Thai government with regard to language, culture and governance. The objectives of this article are to examine the effects of everyday stressors due to the conflict, including economic stress and migration, as well as the effect of religiosity on the reporting of psychiatric symptoms among adults in the three provinces...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019013/a-cultural-take-on-the-links-between-religiosity-identity-and-meaning-in-life-in-religious-emerging-adults
#11
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Alexandra Tiganasu, Jessie Dezutter, Koen Luyckx
Identity and meaning in life are core developmental assets in emerging adulthood. We analysed how religiosity is related to these intentional strivings in emerging adults enrolled in theological education, by depicting (1) identity strivings and meaning in life accounts in faith narratives (Study 1) and (2) links between personal identity and meaning in life profiles and religious beliefs, behaviours, and subjective experiences (Study 2). Both studies highlighted that a Foreclosed status, with high personal commitment and reduced exploration, was dominant in faith narratives and personal identity profiles...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006988/the-use-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-in-coping-with-colorectal-cancer
#12
Nazi Nejat, Lisa Whitehead, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity are reported as important in coping with cancer. Little work has focussed on colorectal cancer and expanding cultural understanding is important in the provision of holistic care through transcultural nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore and compare the use of spirituality and religiosity in coping with colorectal cancer in New Zealand and Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative approach involving interviews conducted in New Zealand (n=20) and Iran (n=20)...
December 22, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004218/religion-spirituality-and-hiv-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
B R Doolittle, A C Justice, D A Fiellin
This systematic review evaluates the association between religion, spirituality and clinical outcomes in HIV-infected individuals. A systematic literature review was conducted for all English language articles published between 1980 and 2016 in relevant databases. Six hundred fourteen studies were evaluated. 15 met inclusion criteria. Ten (67%) studies reported a positive association between religion or spirituality and a clinical HIV outcome. Two (13%) studies failed to detect such an association; and two (13%) demonstrated a negative association...
December 21, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#14
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990616/the-relationship-between-religion-and-risky-behaviors-among-iranian-university-students
#15
Zahra Ameri, Fahimeh Mirzakhani, Amir Reza Nabipour, Narges Khanjani, Mark J M Sullman
One factor that protects an individual from risky behavior is religiosity, which is referred to as a shield against risky behaviors. Belief in God and religion plays an important role in young people's lives, and in comparison with their non-religious peers. They engage less frequently in risky behaviors, such as violence and sexual relations. The present study investigated the relationship between religiosity and engagement in risky behaviors among students from the Pishva branch of the Islamic Azad University, Tehran Province in Iran...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976984/retirement-planning-among-hispanics-in-god-s-hands
#16
Luisa R Blanco, Emma Aguila, Arturo Gongora, O Kenrik Duru
We conducted a qualitative study on retirement preparedness among middle-aged and older low-income Hispanics in Los Angeles. Data derived from four focus groups conducted in the greater Los Angeles area. Findings demonstrate how behavioral and cultural factors-family experiences, religiosity, and denial of retirement-explain the lack of savings and preparedness for retirement. Findings also indicate that the majority of participants want to be economically independent and to keep working until they are unable to do so...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975362/-religiosity-and-mental-health
#17
Raphael Maria Bonelli
Since 1978, two systematic evidence-based reviews of the available data on religiosity and mental health in the field of psychiatry have been done. More than 70 % found a relationship between level of religious/spiritual involvement and less mental disorder (positive), some found mixed results (positive and negative), and only about 5 % reported more mental disorder (negative), as was originally suggested by Sigmund Freud. There is good evidence that religious involvement is correlated with better mental health in the areas of depression, substance abuse, and suicide; some evidence in stress-related disorders and dementia; insufficient evidence in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, and no data in many other mental disorders...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960632/psychosocial-correlates-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-older-hispanic-women
#18
Tamara J Cadet, Kathleen Stewart, Tenial Howard
Early detection through screening can reduce mortality rates of cervical cancer, and yet Hispanic women who have incidence rates higher than their non-Hispanic White counterparts are least likely to participate in cancer screening initiatives. This study utilized data from the 2008 wave of the Health and Retirement Study to investigate the psychosocial correlates associated with older Hispanic women's participation in cervical cancer screening services. Logistic regression models were used. Findings indicated that greater life satisfaction and religiosity were associated with a greater likelihood of participating in cervical cancer screening...
December 14, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956828/successful-aging-considering-non-biomedical-constructs
#19
REVIEW
Lisa F Carver, Diane Buchanan
OBJECTIVES: Successful aging continues to be applied in a variety of contexts and is defined using a number of different constructs. Although previous reviews highlight the multidimensionality of successful aging, a few have focused exclusively on non-biomedical factors, as was done here. METHODS: This scoping review searched Ovid Medline database for peer-reviewed English-language articles published between 2006 and 2015, offering a model of successful aging and involving research with older adults...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938192/hyperreligiosity-in-malignant-brain-tumors-a-case-report-and-accompanying-bibliographic-review
#20
Alberto Carmona-Bayonas, Paula Jiménez-Fonseca, Carlos Vázquez Olmos, Juan Vega Villar
Religion is a complex cognitive process with biopsychosocial and cultural dimensions, product of the activation of different circuits of the neocortex. In some cases, religiosity can appear as a pathological correlate in patients with brain lesions in the areas involved. We present the clinical case of a patient with an astrocytoma in the right prefrontal region, with apparent inflammatory involvement of the right temporal lobe. This tumor debuted almost exclusively as an alteration of personality consisting of hyperreligiosity, logorrhea, and mystical experiences...
December 12, 2016: Neurocase
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