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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644703/the-relation-of-protective-factors-to-deliberate-self-harm-among-african-american-adults-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-sexual-orientation-identity
#1
Lindsey T Davis, Nicole H Weiss, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among African-Americans. Moreover, most research on the correlates of DSH in general has focused on risk factors rather than protective factors. AIMS: This study examined differences in perceived social support, religiosity (both spirituality and church attendance) and overall life satisfaction between African-Americans with and without a history of DSH, as well as the moderating roles of gender and sexual orientation in these relations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642885/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-familial-risk-for-depression-and-religiosity-spirituality
#2
Connie Svob, Jie Liu, Priya Wickramaratne, Xuejun Hao, Ardesheer Talati, Jürgen Kayser, Craig Tenke, Virginia Warner, Jie Yang, Micheline Anderson, Myrna M Weissman
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential neural substrates that underlie the interplay between religiosity/spirituality and risk-for-depression. A new wave of data from a longitudinal, three generation study of individuals at high risk for depression is presented. In addition to providing new longitudinal data, we extend previous findings by employing additional (surface-based) methods for examining cortical volume. MEASURES PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were collected on 106 second and third generation family members at high or low risk for major depression defined by the presence or absence of depression in the first generation...
March 2017: Spirituality in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629297/correlates-of-waterpipe-smoking-among-iranian-university-students-and-the-role-of-religiosity
#3
Amir Reza Nabipour, Afsaneh Alizadeh, Mahboobeh Saadat-Hosseini, Zahra Mansouri, Latifeh Shamsoddini, Nouzar Nakhaee
Waterpipe smoking among youth and adolescents in Iran has gained in popularity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between waterpipe smoking and different dimensions of religiosity in a sample of students attending two major universities in South East Iran. A total of 682 students completed a waterpipe and cigarette smoking questionnaire along with the Duke University Religion Index. The lifetime prevalence of dual cigarette and waterpipe use was 48.3%, with prevalence of current use (within the last 30 days) of 24...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628806/resilience-and-spirituality-in-patients-with-depression-and-their-family-members-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Chisa Ozawa, Takefumi Suzuki, Yuya Mizuno, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kazunari Yoshida, Kazuhito Fujii, Jinichi Hirano, Hideaki Tani, Ellen B Rubinstein, Masaru Mimura, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The degree and quality of resilience in patients with depression have never been investigated in the context of remission status, spirituality/religiosity, and family members' resilience levels, which was addressed in this study. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited Japanese outpatients with depressive disorder according to ICD-10 and cohabitant family members who were free from psychiatric diagnoses. Resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale (RS)...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616769/prospective-associations-among-youth-religiosity-and-religious-denomination-and-youth-contraception-use
#5
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall K Cheney, Leslie Carroll
This study prospectively investigates associations among youth religiosity, religious denomination, and contraception use. Associations between youth religiosity and religious denomination, and type of contraceptive used and consistent contraceptive use among sexually active youth (N = 757) were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression. Identifying with a religious denomination was a predictor of dual contraceptive use relative to using no method of contraception (AOR = 2.17). There was no association between youth religiosity and type of contraceptive use or contraceptive consistency...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613993/a-multifactorial-approach-to-predicting-death-anxiety-assessing-the-role-of-religiosity-susceptibility-to-mortality-cues-and-individual-differences
#6
Carrie French, Nathan Greenauer, Catherine Mello
Death anxiety is not only experienced by individuals receiving end-of-life care, but also by family members, social workers, and other service providers who support these individuals. Thus, identifying predictors of individual differences in experienced death anxiety levels may have both theoretical and clinical ramifications. The present study assessed the relative influence of religiosity, susceptibility to mortality cues, state and trait anxiety, and demographic factors in the experience of death anxiety through an online survey distributed to members of two online communities related to end-of-life care...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604018/resisting-temptation-for-the-good-of-the-group-binding-moral-values-and-the-moralization-of-self-control
#7
Marlon Mooijman, Peter Meindl, Daphna Oyserman, John Monterosso, Morteza Dehghani, John M Doris, Jesse Graham
When do people see self-control as a moral issue? We hypothesize that the group-focused "binding" moral values of Loyalty/betrayal, Authority/subversion, and Purity/degradation play a particularly important role in this moralization process. Nine studies provide support for this prediction. First, moralization of self-control goals (e.g., losing weight, saving money) is more strongly associated with endorsing binding moral values than with endorsing individualizing moral values (Care/harm, Fairness/cheating)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601715/the-association-of-personal-importance-of-religion-and-religious-service-attendance-with-suicidal-ideation-by-age-group-in-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#8
Daisuke Nishi, Ryoko Susukida, Naoaki Kuroda, Holly C Wilcox
Religiosity has been shown to be inversely associated with suicidal ideation, but few studies have examined associations by age group. This study aimed to examine the association between religiosity with suicidal ideation by age group. This study used a large nationally representative sample of 260,816 study participants from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Religiosity was defined as self-reported importance of religious beliefs and frequency of religious service attendance. The association between religiosity and suicidal ideation was assessed by multivariable logistic regression analysis stratified by age group (18-25, 26-34, 35-49, 50-64, 65 or older)...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596802/nursing-diagnoses-in-adult-elderly-patients-undergoing-outpatient-antineoplastic-chemotherapy-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Rafael Tavares Jomar, Rebeca Anselmo Furtado Gomes, Dayana Carvalho Leite, Helena Ferraz Gomes, Ellen Marcia Peres, Eugenio Fuentes Perez Junior
OBJECTIVE: To search in the scientific literature for nursing diagnoses identified in adult/elderly patients undergoing antineoplastic chemotherapy in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Review of studies published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish which were searched in five electronic databases in March 2016, using the descriptors nursing process, nursing diagnosis, neoplasms, drug therapy and hospital outpatient clinic. RESULTS: In the four studies selected for review, 40 nursing diagnoses were identified, namely unbalanced nutrition, less than body requirements, risk of deficient fluid volume, diarrhoea, fatigue, impaired home maintenance, deficient knowledge, disturbed body image, interrupted family processes, ineffective sexuality pattern, anxiety, powerlessness, fear, readiness for enhanced religiosity, risk of infection, impaired dentition, risk of impaired skin integrity, acute pain, and nausea...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587554/quality-of-life-and-spirituality
#10
Raquel Gehrke Panzini, Bruno Paz Mosqueiro, Rogério R Zimpel, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Neusa S Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Spirituality has been identified as an important dimension of quality-of-life. The objective of this study was to review the literature on quality-of-life and spirituality, their association, and assessment tools. A search was conducted of the keyterms 'quality-of-life' and 'spirituality' in abstract or title in the databases PsycINFO and PubMed/Medline between 1979-2005, complemented by a new search at PUBMED from 2006-2016. Quality-of-life is a new concept, which encompasses and transcends the concept of health, being composed of multiple domains: physical, psychological, environmental, among others...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581304/the-relationships-between-religiosity-and-youth-internalizing-symptoms-in-african-american-parent-adolescent-dyads
#11
Alyssa L Faro, Laura G McKee, Randi L Garcia, Deborah J Jones
OBJECTIVES: African American (AA) adolescents face a greater risk of internalizing symptoms, including symptoms of both depression and anxiety, compared with other racial groups; yet, relatively less is known about the variables that contribute to internalizing symptoms. With the aim of advancing this work, this study examined factors that may buffer against such symptoms (maternal warmth, religiosity), as well as those that may confer additional risk (maternal psychopathology). METHOD: One hundred ninety-three AA single mothers and their adolescent youth reported on religiosity, maternal warmth and depressive symptoms, and youth internalizing symptoms...
June 5, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575899/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-clinicians-attitudes-practices-regarding-the-screening-spiritual-history
#12
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Alaattin Erkanli, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Patients' spiritual values, beliefs, and preferences are identified in outpatient medical settings by the taking of a screening spiritual history (SSH). We report the impact of an educational/training program on the attitudes/practices of physicians (MDs) and midlevel practitioners (MLPs). METHODS: A convenience sample of 1082 MDs or MLPs in outpatient practices was approached to participate in a 12-month educational/training program in this single-group experimental study...
June 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569532/college-age-adults-religiosity-family-functioning-and-values-and-willingness-to-provide-care-for-a-relative-with-a-chronic-health-condition
#13
Lisa D Goldberg-Looney, Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Melody N Mickens
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The population of adults age 65 and older is increasing at a faster rate than the rest of the U.S. POPULATION: As such, older adults, particularly those with chronic health conditions and disabilities, will require informal care from today's college-age adults. At present, there is no research examining factors predicting college-age individuals' willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of associations among college-age adults' religiosity, family functioning, family values, and willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic health condition...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551904/-unknown-title
#14
Moshe Shiller, Vladimir Gens, Ganem Kassem, Wisam Sbeit
BACKGROUND: The relationships between physicians and patients are very complex. One of their principles is to receive informed consent from the patient. This principle facilitates patient autonomy. The physician must explain to the patient: his condition, treatment alternatives, stating the advantages and disadvantages of each option, to enable the patient to choose between them. There are various attitudes towards the health system as a result of different cultures in different societies...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546649/seeing-is-not-believing-how-viewing-pornography-shapes-the-religious-lives-of-young-americans
#15
Samuel L Perry, George M Hayward
Pornography has become increasingly accessible in the United States, and particularly for younger Americans. While some research considers how pornography use affects the sexual and psychological health of adolescents and emerging adults, sociologists have given little attention to how viewing pornography may shape young Americans' connection to key social and cultural institutions, like religion. This article examines whether viewing pornography may actually have a secularizing effect, reducing young Americans' personal religiosity over time...
June 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#16
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508383/spiritual-well-being-religious-activity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#17
Carrie E Brintz, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Maria M Llabre, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Aida L Giachello, Ryung S Kim, Lenny Lopez, Yanping Teng, Frank J Penedo
Sociocultural risk and protective factors for developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), have not been well studied in Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States (U.S.). Religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S), important aspects of Hispanic/Latino culture, have been inversely associated with CVD and multiple CVD risk factors. Cross-sectional associations between dimensions of R/S and prevalent MetS, and its five individual components were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression, among 3278 U...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#18
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503931/burnout-among-healthcare-workers-at-l-aquila-its-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#19
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Vincenzo Abbossida, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout, which is now recognized as a real problem in terms of its negative outcome on healthcare efficiency, is a stress condition that can be increased by exposure to natural disasters, such as the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. This study aims to evaluate burnout syndrome, its associated risk factors and stress levels, and the individual coping strategies among healthcare professionals at L'Aquila General Hospital. A cross-sectional study of 190 healthcare workers was conducted. There was a questionnaire for the collection of the socio-demographic, occupational and anamnestic data, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-12 items (GHQ-12) and the Brief COPE were used...
May 15, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#20
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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