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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221678/hybrid-imaging-in-foot-and-ankle-disorders
#1
R García Jiménez, F J García-Gómez, E Noriega Álvarez, C Calvo Morón, J J Martín-Marcuartu
Disorders of the foot and ankle are some of the most frequent ones affecting the musculoskeletal system and have a great impact on patients' quality of life. Accurate diagnosis is an important clinical challenge because of the complex anatomy and function of the foot, that make it difficult to locate the source of the pain by routine clinical examination. In the study of foot pathology, anatomical imaging (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], ultrasound and computed tomography [CT]) and functional imaging (bone scan, positron emission tomography [PET] and MRI) techniques have been used...
December 5, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216771/survey-of-the-functional-priorities-in-patients-with-disability-due-to-neuromuscular-disorders
#2
Nivedita U Jerath, Kevin Simoens, Dylan Mann, Steph Kollasch, Nicole Grosland, Karim A Malik, Chandan G Reddy
TITLE: Survey of the functional priorities in patients with disability due to neuromuscular disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine the functional priorities for patients with neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: A survey asking about functional priorities with respect to activities of daily living, ankle foot orthotic design, and assistive device design, was distributed to patients with neuromuscular disorders to assess the needs of patients from their perspectives...
December 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197918/the-potential-of-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-foot-orthotics-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Petcu, Delia Alexandrina Mitrea, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Elena Rodica Perciun
Foot orthotics prescription is based on the foot functioning paradigms with tissue stress theory being in avant-garde. The main goal of orthotic therapy is to reduce the internal tissue's pathological stresses in the foot structures. Traditionally, ultrasound scanning technique depicts anatomic related data of both common and uncommon pathology encountered in the clinical practice, helping in diagnosing, treating and evaluating, which are equally important for the practitioners. Its accessibility, compared to biomechanical modelling, makes this technique a valuable tool in the field of foot and ankle disorders...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184756/balance-control-during-gait-initiation-state-of-the-art-and-research-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Eric Yiou, Teddy Caderby, Arnaud Delafontaine, Paul Fourcade, Jean-Louis Honeine
It is well known that balance control is affected by aging, neurological and orthopedic conditions. Poor balance control during gait and postural maintenance are associated with disability, falls and increased mortality. Gait initiation - the transient period between the quiet standing posture and steady state walking - is a functional task that is classically used in the literature to investigate how the central nervous system (CNS) controls balance during a whole-body movement involving change in the base of support dimensions and center of mass progression...
November 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171982/morphofunctional-muscle-changes-influence-on-foot-stability-in-multiple-sclerosis-during-gait-prediction-the-rehabilitation-potential1
#5
Marius Cristian Neamtu, Oana Maria Neamtu, Mihnea Ion Marin, Ligia Rusu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis patients may suffer muscle changes that involve gait disorders of the kinetic and kinematic parameters also their gait may be clinically symmetrical or asymmetrical. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze how the muscle change, could affect the biomechanical parameters of foot stability during the gait, by disturb the motor control. METHODS: The study group consisted of 13 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, presenting clinically detectable abnormal gait...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171283/weightbearing-computed-tomography-of-the-foot-and-ankle-emerging-technology-topical-review
#6
Alexej Barg, Travis Bailey, Martinus Richter, Cesar Netto, François Lintz, Arne Burssens, Phinit Phisitkul, Christopher J Hanrahan, Charles L Saltzman
In the last decade, cone-beam computed tomography technology with improved designs allowing flexible gantry movements has allowed both supine and standing weight-bearing imaging of the lower extremity. There is an increasing amount of literature describing the use of weightbearing computed tomography in patients with foot and ankle disorders. To date, there is no review article summarizing this imaging modality in the foot and ankle. Therefore, we performed a systematic literature review of relevant clinical studies targeting the use of weightbearing computed tomography in diagnosis of patients with foot and ankle disorders...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157736/the-influence-of-dosing-on-effect-size-of-exercise-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-foot-and-ankle-disorders-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145979/current-ultrasound-application-in-the-foot-and-ankle
#8
REVIEW
Nahum Michael Beard, Robert Patrick Gousse
This article is a comprehensive review of the current utilizations of ultrasound in the treatment of orthopedic conditions of the foot and ankle. It reviews the diagnostic and interventional applications to commonly encountered lower-extremity ailments, including plantar fasciosis, tendinosis, and peripheral nerve disorders. It also outlines minimally invasive ultrasound-guided procedures and emerging therapies as alternatives to current treatments. These emerging therapies can be used to assist surgeons and provide options for patients needing intervention...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137617/surgical-treatment-for-diffused-type-giant-cell-tumor-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-about-the-ankle-joint
#9
Xingchen Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Zhu, Xiangyang Xu
BACKGROUND: Diffused-type giant cell tumor(Dt-GCT) is a rare, aggressive disorder of the joint synovium, bursa and tendon sheaths. Osseous erosions and subchondral cysts may develop as the result of synovium infiltration in Dt-GCT. We present a retrospective study of a series of patients who are diagnosed with Dt-GCT about the ankle joint, there clinical outcome is evaluated in this study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifteen patients with radiologically and histologically confirmed Dt-GCT about the ankle joint were identified in our foot and ankle department...
November 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121832/how-a-simple-ankle-sprain-turned-into-neuropathic-pain-complex-reflex-sympathetic-dystrophy-versus-erythromelalgia
#10
Ann Regina Lurati
A 36-year-old woman sustained a Grade 2 ankle sprain at work. Two days after the injury, the ankle and foot became red and she complained of "intense burning pain." First diagnosed with complex reflex sympathetic dystrophy, the employee was prescribed medications that provided some pain relief; a subsequent temporary nerve block provided additional relief. However, the symptoms returned and she was treated unsuccessfully with surgical sympathectomy. The employee was referred to a neurologist and diagnosed with primary erythromelalgia, a rare pain disorder that can be mistaken as complex reflex sympathetic dystrophy...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078820/understanding-the-anatomy-and-biomechanics-of-ankle-tendons
#11
REVIEW
Christopher P Chiodo
The tendons that cross the ankle are complex and sophisticated structures that enable standing and forward propulsion and the ability to accommodate uneven ground. Understanding the biomechanics and local anatomy of these tendons is essential to the treatment of disorders of the foot and ankle, whether it be in formulating an appropriate physical therapy regimen or planning a reconstructive surgical procedure.
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065895/associations-between-community-based-physiotherapy-for-musculoskeletal-injury-and-health-related-quality-of-life-eq-5d-a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis
#12
Nick Caplan, H Robson, A Robson, G Barry, G Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Community-based musculoskeletal physiotherapy is used to improve function and health related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of this retrospective, multi-centre observational study was to determine the association between community-based physiotherapy management for musculoskeletal disorders and changes in HRQoL. METHODS: Four thousand one hundred twelve patients' data were included in the study. Patients were included if they received a single period of treatment for a musculoskeletal injury or disorder...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985751/assessment-of-the-kinesiotherapy-s-efficacy-in-male-athletes-with-calcaneal-apophysitis
#13
Ersin Kuyucu, Barış Gülenç, Hüseyin Biçer, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of kinesiotherapy used for treating various disorders in athletes on pain and pedal functions in patients with calcaneal apophysitis. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 22 patients with calcaneal apophysitis aged 8 to 16 years presenting with heel pain among junior athletes of a professional football club. The patients were randomly grouped into two groups, with one group receiving sham tape only and the other kinesio tape...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919208/genetics-of-clubfoot-recent-progress-and-future-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Sulman Basit, Khalid I Khoshhal
Clubfoot or talipes equinovarus (TEV) is an inborn three-dimensional deformity of leg, ankle and foot. It results from structural defects of several tissues of foot and lower leg leading to abnormal positioning of foot and ankle joints. TEV can lead to long-lasting functional disability, malformation and discomfort if left untreated. Substantial progress has been achieved in the management and diagnosis of limb defects; however, not much is known about the molecular players and signalling pathways underlying TEV disorder...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882059/mri-evaluation-of-ligaments-and-tendons-of-foot-arch-in-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesions
#16
Ali Koç, Özgür Karabiyik
Background There are no publications in literature describing an association between disorders of the ligaments and tendons supporting the foot arch and osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT). We believe there may be a correlation between the damage of these structures. Purpose To investigate the pathologies of main ligaments and tendons that support the foot arch in sprained ankles, by reviewing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies and comparing the results in two groups of patients, with and without OCLT...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877943/systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-orthotic-devices-for-the-management-of-knee-instability-related-to-neuromuscular-and-central-nervous-system-disorders
#17
Catriona McDaid, Debra Fayter, Alison Booth, Joanne O'Connor, Rocio Rodriguez-Lopez, Dorothy McCaughan, Roy Bowers, Cynthia P Iglesias, Simon Lalor, Rory J O'Connor, Margaret Phillips, Gita Ramdharry
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of orthotic devices for the management of instability of the knee in adults with a neuromuscular disorder or central nervous system disorder. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary studies. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a neuromuscular disorder or central nervous system disorder and impaired walking ability due to instability of the knee. INTERVENTIONS: Orthoses with the clinical aim of controlling knee instability, for example, knee-ankle-foot orthoses, ankle-foot orthoses and knee orthoses or mixed design with no restrictions in design or material...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853612/foot-problems-in-older-adults-associations-with-incident-falls-frailty-syndrome-and-sensor-derived-gait-balance-and-physical-activity-measures
#18
Amy Muchna, Bijan Najafi, Christopher S Wendel, Michael Schwenk, David G Armstrong, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: Research on the relationship between foot problems and frailty is sparse and could be elucidated via advances in wearable sensor-based measures of gait, balance, and physical activity (PA). This study examined the impact of foot problems on likelihood of falls, frailty syndrome, motor performance, and PA in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Arizona Frailty Cohort Study participants (community-dwelling adults 65 years and older without baseline cognitive deficit, severe movement disorders, or recent stroke) underwent Fried frailty and foot assessment...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852426/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-spanish-version-of-the-foot-and-ankle-ability-measures-faam-sp
#19
Pablo Cervera-Garvi, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Rob Roy Martin, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
BACKGROUND: The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) commonly used to determine the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for patients with foot and ankle pathologies and associated impairments of body function and structure, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the FAAM into Spanish. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the international guidelines of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828179/the-subtalar-joint-a-complex-mechanism
#20
Nicola Krähenbühl, Tamara Horn-Lang, Beat Hintermann, Markus Knupp
Subtalar joint anatomy is complex and can vary significantly between individuals.Movement is affected by several adjacent joints, ligaments and periarticular tendons.The subtalar joint has gained interest from foot and ankle surgeons in recent years, but its importance in hindfoot disorders is still under debate.The purpose of this article is to give a general overview of the anatomy, biomechanics and radiographic assessment of the subtalar joint.The influence of the subtalar joint on the evolution of ankle joint osteoarthritis is additionally discussed...
July 2017: EFORT open reviews
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