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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031144/senegenin-exerts-anti-depression-effect-in-mice-induced-by-chronic-un-predictable-mild-stress-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-regulating-nlrp3-signal-pathway
#1
Hongwei Li, Shiyi Lin, Tingting Qin, Hongyan Li, Zhanqiang Ma, Shiping Ma
Depressive disorder is a kind of affective disturbance disease. Emerging evidence has suggested that inflammation may contribute to the pathologic process of depressive disorder. Senegenin (SEN), a major bioactive constituent in Polygala tenuifolia Willd, has much bioactivity including anti-inflammatory and neuroprotection effects. However, the mechanism of its anti-depressant effect in mice remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the anti-depressant effects of SEN on behavioral changes and inflammatory responses in mice induced by chronic un-predictable mild stress (CUMS)...
October 11, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020098/treatment-with-high-dose-antidepressants-severely-exacerbates-the-pathological-outcome-of-experimental-escherichia-coli-infections-in-poultry
#2
Sofie Kromann, Egle Kudirkiene, Lili Li, Ida Thoefner, Elisabeth Daldorph, Jens Peter Christensen, Hecheng Meng, Rikke Heidemann Olsen
There is an urgent need for novel antibiotics as the current antibiotics are losing their value due to increased resistance among clinically important bacteria. Sertraline, an on-marked anti-depressive drug, has been shown to modify bacterial activity in vitro, including increasing the susceptibility of Escherichia coli to antibiotics. The aim of the present study was to investigate if the antimicrobial activity of sertraline could be documented under clinical settings, hereunder if sertraline could potentiate the effect of tetracycline in treatment of an experimentally induced ascending infection in poultry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017624/sociodemographic-inequalities-in-the-management-of-depression-in-adults-aged-55-and-over-an-analysis-of-english-primary-care-data
#3
K Walters, M Falcaro, N Freemantle, M King, Y Ben-Shlomo
BACKGROUND: We do not know how primary care treatment of depression varies by age across both psychotropic medication and psychological therapies. METHODS: Cohort study including 19 710 people aged 55+ with GP recorded depression diagnoses and 26 276 people with recorded depression symptoms during the period 2009-2013, from 373 General Practices in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database in England. Main outcomes were initiation of treatment with anti-depressants, anxiolytics, hypnotics, anti-psychotic drugs, referrals to psychological therapies within 6 months of onset...
October 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992673/reflux-hypersensitivity-a-new-functional-esophageal-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Takahisa Yamasaki, Ronnie Fass
Reflux hypersensitivity, recently introduced by Rome IV as a new functional esophageal disorder, is currently considered as the presence of typical heartburn symptoms in patients with normal upper endoscopy and esophageal biopsies, normal esophageal pH test and with evidence of a close correlation between patients' heartburn and reflux events. Reflux hypersensitivity is very common and together with functional heartburn accounts for more than 90% of the heartburn patients who failed treatment with proton pump inhibitor twice daily...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992663/metabolic-analysis-of-the-anti-depressive-effects-of-yangxinshi-tablet-in-a-vascular-depression-model-in-mice
#5
Hongli Du, Hai Zhang, Yahong Zhao, Min Liu, Anni Chen, Shiyu Liu, Dan Xue, Yanjun Liu, Guoqing Zhang
In recent years, vascular depression has become the focus of international attention. Yangxinshi Tablet (YXST) is usually used in clinic for treatment of arrhythmia and heart failure, but we found that it also has anti-depressive effect in this study. The objective of the study was to identify biomarkers related to vascular depression in hippocampus and explore the anti-depressive effects of YXST on the mice model. Untargeted metabolomics based on UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS was applied to identify significant differential biomarkers between model group and control group...
October 9, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986123/possible-anti-depressant-effect-of-efavirenz-and-pro-depressive-like-effect-of-voriconazole-in-specified-doses-in-various-experimental-models-of-depression-in-mice
#6
Tejal K Patel, Vandana B Patel, Digvijay G Rana
BACKGROUND: Reports from experimental and clinical studies have indicated the possible relation between cholesterol and depression. Efavirenz (EFV) and Voriconazole (VRC) have been reported to affect cholesterol-24S-hydroxylase enzyme. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of EFV and VRC in experimental models of depression in mice. METHODS: There was a measurement of immobility time in forced swim test and tail suspension test in which mice were previously subjected to the treatment of EFV (0...
May 1, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972588/the-impact-of-bulimia-nervosa-on-oral-health-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
A Rosten, T Newton
Eating disorders are a potentially life-threatening group of mental disorders, which affect a patient's relationship with food and their body. This manifests itself through chaotic and disordered eating habits. One such eating disorder is bulimia nervosa, which has a lifetime prevalence of 1%. While there is consensus that bulimic behaviour directly causes dental erosion due to vomiting and acidic food choices, there is less clear evidence for a direct link between bulimia nervosa and dental caries, although there does still appear to be an association...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959186/rosiglitazone-exerts-an-anti-depressive-effect-in-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-induced-depressive-mice-by-maintaining-essential-neuron-autophagy-and-inhibiting-excessive-astrocytic-apoptosis
#8
Zhan Zhao, Ling Zhang, Xu-Dong Guo, Lu-Lu Cao, Teng-Fei Xue, Xiao-Jie Zhao, Dan-Dan Yang, Jin Yang, Juan Ji, Ji-Ye Huang, Xiu-Lan Sun
There is increasing interest in the association between depression and the development of metabolic diseases. Rosiglitazone, a therapeutic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, has shown neuroprotective effects in patients with stroke and Alzheimer's disease. The present study was performed to evaluate the possible roles of rosiglitazone in in vivo (unpredictable chronic mild stress-induced depressive mouse model) and in vitro (corticosterone-induced cellular model) depressive models. The results showed that rosiglitazone reversed depressive behaviors in mice, as indicated by the forced swimming test and open field test...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954415/in-silico-prediction-of-the-anti-depression-mechanism-of-a-herbal-formula-tiansi-liquid-containing-morinda-officinalis-and-cuscuta-chinensis
#9
Dan Cheng, Ghualm Murtaza, Suya Ma, Lingling Li, Xinjie Li, Fangze Tian, Junchao Zheng, Yi Lu
Purpose: Depression is a sickening psychiatric condition that is prevalent worldwide. To manage depression, the underlying modes of antidepressant effect of herbals are important to be explored for the development of natural drugs. Tiansi Liquid is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that is prescribed for the management of depression, however its underlying mechanism of action is still uncertain. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the pharmacological mode of action of a herbal formula used in TCM for the treatment of depression...
September 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953850/antidepressants-in-use-in-clinical-practice
#10
Mark Agius, Hannah Bonnici
The object of this paper, rather than producing new information, is to produce a useful vademecum for doctors prescribing antidepressants, with the information useful for their being prescribed. Antidepressants need to be seen as part of a package of treatment for the patient with depression which also includes psychological treatments and social interventions. Here the main Antidepressant groups, including the Selective Serotonin uptake inhibiters, the tricyclics and other classes are described, together with their mode of action, side effects, dosages...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948423/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-inhibits-sirt1-mao-a-signaling-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-a-rat-model-of-depression-and-cortex-derived-astrocytes
#11
Zheng-Wu Peng, Fen Xue, Cui-Hong Zhou, Rui-Guo Zhang, Ying Wang, Ling Liu, Han-Fei Sang, Hua-Ning Wang, Qing-Rong Tan
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a useful monotherapy for depression or adjunctive therapy for resistant depression. However, the anti-depressive effects of different parameters and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we aimed to assess the effect of rTMS with different parameters (1/5/10 Hz, 0.84/1.26 T) on the depressive-like behaviors, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid) and DA and NE levels, and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) activity in chronic unpredictable stress-treated rats, along with the expression of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and MAO-A in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and cortex-derived astrocytes from new-born rats...
September 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945021/-progress-of-new-antidepressant-drugs-development
#12
REVIEW
Xiao Zhang, Jun-Sheng Tian, Huan Liu, Xue-Mei Qin
Depression becomes more and more serious and has been greatly do harm to human's physical and mental health. WHO predicts that depression will become the second leading cause of abnormal death and disability by 2020. There is still the drug treatment as the first-line antidepressive therapy, but the effect of listed antidepressant drugs is not ideal. Therefore, discovery of new antidepressant drug of sunique, higher curative effect, less adverse reaction is the pursuit of pharmaceutical. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of anti-depression and natural antidepressant in currently listed, drug development and drug discovery phase are summarized in this paper, aiming to provide reference for new antidepressant drug research...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944316/relationship-between-anti-depressant-use-and-lung-cancer-survival
#13
Adriana Zingone, Derek Brown, Elise D Bowman, Oscar Vidal, Julien Sage, Joel Neal, Bríd M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the anti-cancer properties of several commonly used drugs have been explored, with drugs such as aspirin and beta-blockers associated with improved cancer outcomes. Previous preclinical work demonstrated that tricyclic anti-depressants have antitumor efficacy in lung cancer. Our goal was to examine the association between anti-depressant use and survival in lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the association between use of common anti-depressants and survival in 1,097 lung cancer patients from the NCI-Maryland lung cancer study...
2017: Cancer Treat Res Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928667/thirty-five-day-fluoxetine-treatment-limits-sensory-motor-deficit-and-biochemical-disorders-in-a-rat-model-of-decompression-sickness
#14
Caroline Cosnard, Sébastien De Maistre, Jacques H Abraini, Laurent Chazalviel, Jean-Eric Blatteau, Jean-Jacques Risso, Nicolas Vallée
According to the OECD statistical base for 2014, anti-depressants will, on average, be distributed at a rate of 62 daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants for the 25 countries surveyed (Health at a glance: Europe 2014; OECD Health Statistics; World Health Organization and OECD Health Statistics, 2014). Divers must be concerned. On another hand, divers are potentially exposed to decompression sickness including coagulation inflammation and ischemia, which can result in neurological lesions or even death. The purpose of this study is to assess whether chronic treatment with anti-depressants may represent a contraindication to the practice of an at-risk activity, such as, scuba diving, or even presents a benefit by attenuating the severity of the symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927515/personal-and-perceived-depression-stigma-among-arab-adolescents-associations-with-depression-severity-and-personal-characteristics
#15
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: In Arab communities, the selection, utilization, and attitudes towards mental health services are substantially affected by existing mental illness stigma. However, little is known about how the stigma of depression manifests among Arab adolescents, which makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective anti-stigma interventions for this vulnerable population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine levels of depression stigma among Arab adolescents...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891367/effect-of-foeniculum-vulgare-fennel-on-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-postmenopausal-women-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Fatemeh Mohammadzadeh, Paymaneh Shokrollahi, Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Hamidreza Hajirezaee, Maliheh Afiat
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) on anxiety and depression symptoms in postmenopausal women. This study was a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, in which 60 eligible postmenopausal women were selected and then randomly assigned to fennel and placebo groups. Then, symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Zung's Self Rating Depression Scale (SDS). Following the intervention, the score of HADS (depression and anxiety subgroups) and SDS did not show any significant decrease in the sample under study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875858/managing-neuropathic-pain-in-multiple-sclerosis-pharmacological-interventions
#17
Samuel S Duffy, Justin G Lees, Chamini J Perera, Gila Moalem-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Of the plethora of motor and sensory disturbances experienced by sufferers, neuropathic pain is a highly prevalent and debilitating symptom, and at present remains extremely difficult to treat. Common forms of neuropathic pain seen in MS patients include central neuropathic pain, Lhermitte's phenomenon and trigeminal neuralgia, which are all speculated to arise from specific patterns of lesion formation...
September 6, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875366/saikosaponin-d-relieves-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-induced-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-involvement-of-hpa-axis-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis
#18
Hong-Yan Li, Ying-Hua Zhao, Min-Jie Zeng, Fang Fang, Min Li, Ting-Ting Qin, Lu-Yu Ye, Hong-Wei Li, Rong Qu, Shi-Ping Ma
RATIONALE: Saikosaponin D (SSD), a major bioactive component isolated from Radix Bupleuri, has been reported to exert neuroprotective properties. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to investigate the anti-depressant-like effects and the potential mechanisms of SSD. METHODS: Behavioural tests including sucrose preference test (SPT), open field test (OFT) and forced swim test (FST) were performed to study the antidepressant-like effects of SSD...
September 5, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868126/repeated-systemic-administration-of-the-cinnamon-essential-oil-possesses-anti-anxiety-and-anti-depressant-activities-in-mice
#19
Reyhaneh Sohrabi, Nasim Pazgoohan, Hasan Rezaei Seresht, Bahareh Amin
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the putative antidepressant and anti-anxiety effects of the cinnamon essential oil when administered acute (for 3 doses) and sub-acute (for 14 days) to mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an acute experimental study, forced swim test (FST) was conducted to evaluate the antidepressant-like behavior of animals treated with the intraperitoneal (IP) essential oil of cinnamon in triple doses (0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg). In a sub-acute study (14 days in 24-hr intervals) antidepressant-like effects of essential oil (0...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866407/removal-of-emerging-organic-contaminants-in-a-poplar-vegetation-filter
#20
V Martínez-Hernández, M Leal, R Meffe, A de Miguel, C Alonso-Alonso, I de Bustamante, J Lillo, I Martín, J J Salas
Vegetation filters (VFs), a type of land application system, are a robust technology based on natural treatment mechanisms for the removal of wastewater contaminants. Their capacity to attenuate emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) has not yet been evaluated. The present study reports the results of a 2-year EOC monitoring carried out using a poplar VF receiving wastewater primarily treated by an Imhoff tank. The compounds selected included analgesics, a β-adrenergic blocker, stimulants, an anticonvulsant, an anti-depressant, an anti-inflammatory, an antibiotic and analgesic and stimulant metabolites...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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