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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822772/differentiation-of-candida-albicans-candida-glabrata-and-candida-krusei-by-ft-ir-and-chemometrics-by-chromagar%C3%A2-candida
#1
Denise Wohlmeister, Débora Renz Barreto Vianna, Virginia Etges Helfer, Luciane Noal Calil, Andréia Buffon, Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria, Valeriano Antonio Corbellini, Diogo André Pilger
Pathogenic Candida species are detected in clinical infections. CHROMagar™ is a phenotypical method used to identify Candida species, although it has limitations, which indicates the need for more sensitive and specific techniques. Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) is an analytical vibrational technique used to identify patterns of metabolic fingerprint of biological matrixes, particularly whole microbial cell systems as Candida sp. in association of classificatory chemometrics algorithms. On the other hand, Soft Independent Modeling by Class Analogy (SIMCA) is one of the typical algorithms still little employed in microbiological classification...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822629/acute-intrapartum-rupture-of-the-pubic-symphysis-requiring-resuscitation-and-surgical-intervention-a-case-report
#2
Marie Buitendyk, Barbara Brennan, Parag Vora, Patricia Smith, Stephanie Winsor
BACKGROUND: Pubic symphysis rupture significant enough to cause serious complications or require surgical intervention is exceedingly rare. Here we review the literature and examine the details of a unique presentation. CASE: A 27-year-old woman presented in labour at 34+6 weeks gestation after an uncomplicated monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy. After vaginal delivery, she developed a substantial labial hematoma. Hours later, she became hemodynamically unstable...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822242/mucosal-immunity-of-the-postpartum-bovine-genital-tract
#3
REVIEW
Dinesh Dadarwal, Colin Palmer, Philip Griebel
In this review, mucosal immune defense mechanisms used to control infections in the bovine genital tract (vestibule, vagina, cervix, uterus and oviduct) during the postpartum period are reviewed. Knowledge gaps are highlighted to emphasize the need for further investigations. Physical barriers to the entry of microbes include vulvar sealing, vestibule-vaginal constriction, a narrow cervical opening and the mucosal epithelium along with the overlying mucus layer. Genital tract mucosal epithelial cells recognize damage-associated molecular patterns and pathogen-associated molecular patterns and respond by secreting antimicrobial peptides and cytokines to recruit and activate immune cells...
August 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821837/risk-factors-for-chronic-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-development-one-year-after-vaginal-delivery-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Loïc Sentilhes, Françoise Maillard, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, François Goffinet, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
Our study aimed to assess the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth one year after vaginal delivery and to identify characteristics of women and deliveries associated with it. Questionnaires were mailed a year after delivery to 1103 women with prospectively collected delivery and postpartum data, including a question on day 2 assessing their experience of childbirth. PTSD was assessed a year later by the Impact of Event and Traumatic Event Scales; 22 women (4.2%, 95%CI 2.7-6.3%) met the PTSD diagnostic criteria and 30 (5...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821472/surgical-findings-and-outcomes-in-premenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-oophorectomy-a-multicenter-review-from-the-fellows-pelvic-research-network
#5
Lara F B Harvey, Vandana G Abramson, Jimena Alvarez, Christopher Destephano, Hye-Chun Hur, Katherine Lee, Patricia Mattingly, Beau Park, Carolyn Piszczek, Farinaz Seifi, Mallory Stuparich, Amanda Yunker
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Since publication of the Suppression of Ovarian Function Trial (SOFT) data, some women with premenopausal breast cancer have been recommended to undergo bilateral oophorectomy to facilitate breast cancer treatment with aromatase inhibitors. These women may be at higher risk of occult abdominal pathology than the general population. Our objective is to describe the procedures performed, intra-abdominal findings, and surgical pathology of this population. DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective chart review...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821414/retention-of-vaginal-breech-delivery-skills-taught-in-simulation
#6
Heather Stone, Joan Crane, Kathy Johnston, Catherine Craig
OBJECTIVE: The optimal frequency of conducting simulation training for high-acuity, low-frequency events in obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs is unknown. This study evaluated retention over time of vaginal breech delivery skills taught in simulation, by comparing junior and senior residents. In addition, the residents' subjective comfort level to perform this skill clinically was assessed. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 22 obstetrics and gynaecology residents in a Canadian residency training program...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820413/-infectious-causes-of-miscarriage
#7
G Okoev, G Gomcyan, L Manukyan
The aim of thiswork was to find out the infection causes and to assess the species composition of microflora of the vagina and cervix in women with miscarriage and chronic endometritis. The investigation of66 womenwith miscarriage (MC) with histological criteria of chronic endometritis (CE) has been done (main group). The control group consistsof 20 healthywomen of reproductiveage. The marked changes in the vagina and cervical canal mikroflora in women with MC and CE are registered. The latter is expressed is quantitative reduction of lactobacilli (20% and 75% in vagina, 7,5% and 60% in cervical canal in main and control groups correspondingly)andincrease in the number of opportunistic pathogens...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820404/responding-professionally-to-requests-for-cesarean-delivery
#8
F Chervenak, L McCullough
Patients' requests for non-indicated cesarean delivery challenge the professionalism of obstetricians. This is because physicians should not provide clinical management in the absence of an evidence-based indication for it. The ethics of responding professionally to requests for non-indicated cesarean delivery would appear to be simple: just say "No." This paper presents an ethically and clinically more nuanced approach, on the basis of the professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics, emphasizinga preventive ethics approach...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819985/prediction-of-labor-outcome-using-serial-transperineal-ultrasound-in-the-first-stage-of-labor
#9
Chung Ming Chor, Liona Chiu Yee Poon, Tak Yeung Leung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of predicting labor outcome using serial transperineal ultrasound (TPU) in the early active phase of labor. METHODS: This is a single center prospective observational study in a tertiary obstetrics unit in Hong Kong. Nulliparous women carrying singleton pregnancy at the onset of active phase of labor were recruited. Serial 3D volumes by TPU were acquired and then repeated after 1 and 2 hours, which were subsequently analyzed for fetal head symphyseal distance (HSD), angle of progression (AoP) and fetal head progression distance (PD)...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819919/the-microbial-mother-meets-the-independent-organ-cultural-discourses-of-reproductive-microbiomes
#10
Jessica R Houf
The human microbiome is changing the way experts and non-experts think about germs and microorganisms. This essay is a gender analysis of contemporary discourses surrounding the human reproductive microbiome, specifically the vaginal microbiota and the penile microbiota. I first historically situate the human reproductive microbiome within the germ theory of disease. Then, I draw on Heather Paxson's Foucauldian and Latourian concept of microbiopolitics to argue that microbiopolitics is not only about how humans should live with microorganisms; but it also impacts how humans and microbes live together as gendered beings...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819516/a-severed-ip-ligament-as-a-cause-for-trans-vaginal-uterine-bleeding-post-termination-of-pregnancy-a-case-report
#11
Madeeha Dean, Nicole Stamatopoulos, Thierry Vancaillie
Uterine perforation is an uncommon yet serious complication of surgical management of first and second trimester termination of pregnancies. The rate of uterine perforation is under reported, as patients are usually asymptomatic. Although uncommon, uterine perforation can cause life-threatening complications for some patients. This case report discusses a second trimester surgical termination resulting in uterine perforation and haemorrhage secondary to an avulsion of the infundibulopelvic ligament and prolapse of the left fallopian tube and ovary into the uterine cavity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#12
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818583/timing-of-fertile-period-for-successful-pregnancy-in-american-bully-dogs
#13
Sang-Eun Hahn, Young-Kwang Jo, Yun-Kyong Jin, Goo Jang
Determination of the timing of the estrus cycle is essential for fertile mating. There are physiological variations among breeds, between bitches, and between cycles of the same bitch. If serial monitoring and many tools are applied, the exact moment of ovulation could be pin-pointed. However, it leads to time and costly difficulties. Progesterone concentrations during estrus cycles follow a specific pattern, and it is largely used in timing of fertile period. Although it has similar pattern in general, it is likely that breed-specific differences exist...
July 26, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818159/effects-of-iron-administration-on-the-diameter-of-cells-of-growth-cartilage-of-rat-pups-during-pregnancy
#14
Faiza Umbreen, Khadija Qamar, Sadia Shaukat, Amna Tasawar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of oral iron administration on pregnant rats on the diameter of cells of growth plate of rat pups. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Anatomy Department, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi in collaboration with National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad from March to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: Group Acontaining 8 pregnant rats was control group, and group B containing same number of pregnant rats was the study group...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818087/bugs-drugs-and-hiv-the-role-of-the-vaginal-microbiome-in-hiv-risk-and-antiretroviral-efficacy-for-hiv-prevention
#15
Lenine J P Liebenberg, Derseree Archary, Aida Sivro, Douglas S Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817995/intrapartum-test-for-detection-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-labor
#16
Elena Picchiassi, Giuliana Coata, Giulia Babucci, Irene Giardina, Valentina Summa, Federica Tarquini, Michela Centra, Vittorio Bini, Benito Cappuccini, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential improvement of introducing an intrapartum test for the detection of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) during labor and to estimate its cost-effectiveness versus antepartum GBS screening culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred thirteen women at beginning of labor, with unknown GBS status or with antepartum GBS screening culture were enrolled. A vaginal-rectal specimen was collected from each woman for GBS detection by real time PCR...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817925/re-incontinence-rates-after-midurethral-sling-revision-for-vaginal-exposure-or-pain
#17
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816933/breast-cancer-endometrial-cancer-and-cardiovascular-events-in-participants-who-used-vaginal-estrogen-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#18
Carolyn J Crandall, Kathleen M Hovey, Christopher A Andrews, Rowan T Chlebowski, Marcia L Stefanick, Dorothy S Lane, Jan Shifren, Chu Chen, Andrew M Kaunitz, Jane A Cauley, JoAnn E Manson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between use of vaginal estrogen and risk of a global index event (GIE), defined as time to first occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD), invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, hip fracture, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, or death from any cause. METHODS: For this prospective observational cohort study, we used data from participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, who were recruited at 40 US clinical centers, aged 50 to 79 years at baseline and did not use systemic estrogen therapy during follow-up (n = 45,663, median follow-up 7...
August 14, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816932/postmenopausal-choriocarcinoma-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Na Guo, Rutie Yin, Qingli Li, Liang Song, Danqing Wang
OBJECTIVE: Choriocarcinoma is rare in postmenopausal women, and an early diagnosis contributes to a potential cure. METHODS: We report a rare case of a postmenopausal woman with choriocarcinoma. The 61-year-old patient presented with irregular vaginal bleeding, 11 years after menopause and 30 years after the birth of the last child. RESULTS: Radiological investigation found a 3-cm mass on the lower left part of the vaginal wall, and also bilateral lung nodules...
August 14, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816914/congenital-hypotonia-in-toddlerhood
#20
Naomi Steiner, Alcy Torres, Arathi Reddy, Marilyn Augustyn
David is a 22-month-old boy who is new to your practice. He recently moved from a rural area in the Midwest. His father is in the United States Air Force, and his mother works as a full-time homemaker. Their household includes 5 older siblings. The family moves every year because of the father's Air Force placement.David was born full-term in Virginia, with no reported pregnancy complications and no alcohol, tobacco, or drug exposure. He was delivered vaginally, with Apgar scores of 7 and 9, respectively and no respiratory issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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