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Chenglin Guo, Jiandong Mei, Chengwu Liu, Senyi Deng, Qiang Pu, Feng Lin, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst (MBC) is the most common primary cystic lesion of the mediastinum. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) compared with posterolateral thoracotomy (PLT) for the treatment of MBCs in a large series. METHODS: Patients with MBCs who underwent surgical resection between August 2005 and December 2015 were identified from the electronic database of the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Vadlamudi Aparna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Masoud Rabbani, Amir Hossein Sarrami
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) is a diagnostic technique for initial assessment of mediastinal mass lesions. This study was conducted to evaluate its diagnostic yield and its complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of CT-guided PCNB in 110 patients with mediastinal mass lesions performed in Kashani and Alzahra Hospitals, Isfahan, from 2006 to 2012. Gender, age at biopsy, size, and anatomic location of the lesion, number of passes, site of approach, complications, and final diagnosis were extracted...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Dario Amore, Francesco S Cerqua, Fabio Perrotta, Antonio Cennamo, Carlo Curcio
INTRODUCTION: The mediastinal bronchogenic cysts represents 50%-60% of mediastinal cysts and rarely occurs in the posterior mediastinum. The final surgical resection is indicated for symptomatic patients and is recommended for some asymptomatic patients in order to establish the diagnosis and to avoid any subsequent complications. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of 17 years-old male suffering from bronchogenic cysts of the mediastinum. The patient was admitted to our hospital complaining with dry chough and dyspnea; CT scan showed a cystic mass in posterior mediastinum...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Toshiko Kamata, Shigetoshi Yoshida, Takekazu Iwata, Yukio Nakatani, Ichiro Yoshino
Congenital pericardial defects are a rare anomaly, found during autopsy and cardiothoracic surgery. We describe a case of a 69-year-old female, with a right-sided congenital pericardial defect associated with a giant bronchogenic cyst (BC) found during surgery. The cyst was resected and the patient developed arrhythmia following surgery. A review of the literature in Japan was performed, focusing on congenital anomalies associated with pericardial defects and its pathogenesis. We paid particular attention to complications following thoracic surgery in patients with pericardial defects and indications of pericardial reconstruction in such patients...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sumitha Arun, Manish Kumar, Benjamin Jeyanth Ross
Bronchogenic cyst (BC) is a rare congenital malformation of the lung. Most patients remain asymptomatic until adulthood while some are symptomatic in the first few years of life. However, symptoms in newborn period are rare. We report a case of a 3-day-old preterm baby with respiratory distress diagnosed as congenital lobar emphysema on chest X-ray. A CT scan revealed a mediastinal cyst causing obstructive lobar emphysema. The cyst was excised and pathological examination was suggestive of BC.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
C Grozavu, A Fera, M Iliaş, D Pantile
INTRODUCTION: Bronchogenic cysts, commonly located in the mediastinum or lung parenchyma, arise from abnormal budding of the tracheobronchial tree. Since an unknown percentage of asymptomatic adult patients with bronchogenic cysts remain undiagnosed, the true natural history ofthese cysts in adults is uncertain and the available series reflect a significant selection bias in favor of the symptomatic individual. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 42-year-old female who presented with adull central chest pain, which gradually worsened overseveral weeks...
July 2016: Chirurgia
Michele Cavaliere, Mariano Cimmino, Stefania Sicignano, Felice Rega, Nunzia Maione, Francesca Malacario, Lorenzo Ugga, Camilla Russo
Lesions of the retropharyngeal space (RPS) are uncommon, and they generally present as solitary, painless masses, which are often cystic. They usually originate from branchial arches anomalies, and only in a few cases do they turn out to be bronchogenic cysts. Generally, these lesions are diagnosed in childhood, but sometimes they can appear in adulthood. We report here a rare case of a bronchogenic cyst expanding into the RPS and causing dysphagia in an adult patient treated surgically. Since the RPS is clinically inaccessible, clinical examination was not crucial in determining the correct diagnosis, and only the additional information provided by radiological examinations led to the final diagnosis, which is essential for accurate surgical planning...
August 30, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Kim Jiramongkolchai, Muhammed T Bhatti, Herbert E Fuchs, Thomas E Cummings, Pawina Jiramongkolchai, Mays A El-Dairi
Endodermal cysts, also known as neurogenic, neuroenteric, foregut, bronchogenic, respiratory, epithelial, teratomatous, or gastrocytoma cysts, can be found in the central nervous system, predominantly in the subarachnoid space of the cervical and thoracic spinal cord. We describe a child with an endodermal cyst of the third nerve and highlight neuroimaging findings, pathological correlation, clinical course, and patient management.
August 19, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Yu Yu Thar, Poras Patel, Tiangui Huang, Elizabeth Guevara
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) is a rare form of malignancy. It mainly presents as bronchogenic neoplasm, and the extrapulmonary form accounts for only 0.1% to 0.4% of all cancers. These extrapulmonary tumors have been described most frequently in the urinary bladder, prostate, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, gall bladder, head and neck, cervix, and skin. Primary SNEC of the sinonasal tract is extremely rare with only less than 100 cases reported in the literature. Because of extreme rarity and aggressiveness of the tumor, the management for this entity varies considerably mandating multimodality approach...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
L Beer, H Prosch
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in Europa and the USA. In approximately 75 % of lung cancer patients, bronchogenic carcinoma is detected at an advanced tumor stage; therefore, therapeutic options which aim at curing the disease in these patients are limited and treatment is mostly palliative. A relatively good prognosis is reserved for the minority of patients where the tumor is detected at an early stage and treatment is potentially curative. For this reason, early diagnosis of lung cancer could save lives...
September 2016: Der Radiologe
Francesco Emanuele Praticò, Michele Corrado, Giovanni Della Casa, Raffaele Parziale, Giuseppe Russo, Silvia Eleonora Gazzani, Enrica Rossi, Daniele Borgia, Maurizio Mostardi, Emanuele Bacchini, Simone Cella, Massimo De Filippo
Congenital pulmonary malformations represent a broad spectrum of anomalies that may result in varied clinical and pathologic pictures, ranging from recurrent pulmonary infections and acute respiratory distress syndrome, which require timely drug therapy, up to large space-occupying lesions needing surgical treatment. This classification includes three distinct anatomical and pathological entities, represented by Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation, Bronchopulmonary Sequestration and Congenital Lobar Emphysema...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Ji Young Ha, Mi Jung Park, Kyungsoo Bae, Hye Jin Baek, Bo Hwa Choi, Soo Buem Cho, Jin Il Moon, Ho Cheol Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the computed tomography (CT) findings and clinical characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in patients with emphysema, compared with those without emphysema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (M:F = 36:3; mean age, 64.8 years) who were diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and had emphysema in pretreatment chest CT scans were included in this study (emphysema group). Their clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and CT findings were compared with those of 57 pulmonary TB patients without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema (M:F = 52:5; mean age, 64...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Arianna Casagrande, Federica Pederiva
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate management of asymptomatic congenital pulmonary malformations (CPMs) remains controversial. Prophylactic surgery is recommended to avoid the risk for development of pulmonary infections and to prevent the highly debated development of malignancy. However, the true risk for development of malignancy remains unknown. A systematic review analyzed all cases in which lung tumors associated with CPMs in both the pediatric and adult populations were described...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Se Eun Han, Woon Jung Kwon, Hee Jeong Cha, Young Jik Lee, Taehoon Lee, Kwang Won Seo, Yangjin Jegal, Jong-Joon Ahn, Seung Won Ra
We report the findings for 2 patients with a fluid-fluid level seen on endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) images of bronchogenic cysts. The EBUS images demonstrated a well-circumscribed cyst with a fluid-fluid level showing an anechoic upper part and a relatively hyperechoic lower part. A fluid-fluid level on EBUS imaging of a bronchogenic cyst, which can help confirm the cystic nature of the lesion, has not been previously reported. EBUS-based confirmation of these cysts using fluid-fluid levels may help avoid unnecessary aspiration of the lesions...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Avradip Santra, Saumen Nandi, Saibal Mondal, Subhankar Chakraborty
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is not an uncommon occurrence in patients with malignancy and it is often described as a medical emergency. In majority of the cases, SVC syndrome occurs due to mechanical obstruction of the SVC by extraluminal compression with primary intrathoracic malignancies. However, intraluminal obstruction due to thrombosis can also produce symptoms and signs of SVC syndrome. Clot-related SVC obstruction is mostly associated with indwelling central venous catheter and pacemaker leads, although such thrombosis can occur spontaneously in a background of a hypercoagulable state, e...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Masaya Tamura, Yosuke Shimizu, Yasuo Hashizume
The purpose of this study was to present our current experience with reduced port thoracoscopic surgery (RPTS) for the treatment of mediastinal and pleural disease and thereafter discuss its indications and technical challenges. A total of 11 patients underwent surgery by the RPTS approach for the following conditions: thymoma (n = 2), bronchogenic cyst (n = 2), metastatic pleural tumor, thymic cyst, solitary fibrous tumor, pulmonary sequestration, pericardial cyst, neurinoma, and malignant lymphoma (n = 1)...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ivan Salarić, Mate Miloš, Davor Brajdić, Spomenka Manojlović, Karmen Trutin Ostović, Darko Macan
Intraosseous metastatic tumors (IOM) in maxilla are less frequent than the soft tissue metastatic tumors. Lung and bronchogenic metastatic tumors are uncommon in the maxilla. We present a maxillary bronchogenic metastasis with a rare clinical appearance. IOM was misdiagnosed as a dentoalveolar abscess and treated with antibiotics for 3 weeks. After not responding to antibiotics, the patient's general dental practitioner forwarded the patient to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. The associated tooth was extracted and the patient was recalled 1 week later...
2016: Quintessence International
Gülzade Özyalvaçlı, Zehra Yaşar, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is an effective, safe and cost-effective technique that allows for sampling of the mediastinal lymph node and peribronchial lesions. It is used in bronchogenic carcinoma staging, peribronchial and submucosal lesions, diagnosis of sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, differentiating submucosal invasion, and in diagnosing mediastinal masses. From our experience at the University of Abant Izzet Baysal and from a review of the literature, we discuss the adequacy and the differential diagnosis of aspiration material obtained by TBNA and cytopathological-histopathological evaluation in intrathoracic lymphadenopathies to increase the success rate of the TBNA method...
March 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Wen-Cheng Che, Qi Zang, Qiang Zhu, Tian-Chang Zhen, Gong-Zhang Su, Peng Liu, Huai-Jun Ji
Bronchogenic cyst most commonly occurs in the mediastinum, followed by the lung. We admitted a 59-year female patient with bronchogenic cyst being uniquely located on the right chest wall of the parietal pleura. Preoperative CT scan showed a local low-density lesion on the right chest wall. The lesion was removed by the thoracoscopic surgery. During the surgical resection, the lesion was observed to be located on the right chest wall. The lesion was surrounded by adipose tissue and covered with entire parietal pleura, which looks like lipoma...
June 3, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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