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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762385/hiv-sero-discordance-and-dual-contraceptive-method-use-among-hiv-infected-men-and-women-in-lilongwe-malawi
#2
Blessings Gausi, Maganizo B Chagomerana, Jennifer H Tang, Lisa B Haddad, Mina C Hosseinipour, Hannock Tweya, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: Some HIV sero-discordant couples are faced with the dual challenge of preventing HIV transmission to the uninfected partner and avoiding unintended pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesized that sero-discordance is associated with dual method use at last sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cross-sectional survey of HIV-infected men and women attending 2 ART clinics in Lilongwe, Malawi. We used Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon rank sum to assess for associations between sero-discordance, covariates, and dual method use...
May 14, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761160/measuring-and-preventing-alcohol-use-and-related-harm-among-young-people-in-asian-countries-a-thematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Heng Jiang, Xiaojun Xiang, Wei Hao, Robin Room, Xiaojie Zhang, Xuyi Wang
Background: The paper reviews alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related social and health issues among 15-29-year old young people in Asian countries, and discusses strategies for preventing and controlling alcohol use and related harms. Methods: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science for reports, reviews and journal articles published in English between 1st Jan 1990 and 31st August 2016. Results: Forty-one reports, reviews and journal papers were identified and included in the final review...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736272/a-long-way-to-go-a-systematic-review-to-assess-the-utilisation-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-during-humanitarian-crises
#4
Neha S Singh, Sarindi Aryasinghe, James Smith, Rajat Khosla, Lale Say, Karl Blanchet
Introduction: Women and girls are affected significantly in both sudden and slow-onset emergencies, and face multiple sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges in humanitarian crises contexts. There are an estimated 26 million women and girls of reproductive age living in humanitarian crises settings, all of whom need access to SRH information and services. This systematic review aimed to assess the utilisation of services of SRH interventions from the onset of emergencies in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730625/methods-and-quality-of-disease-models-incorporating-more-than-two-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#5
Fabian Sailer, Greta Rait, Alice Howe, John Saunders, Rachael Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Disease models can be useful tools for policy makers to inform their decisions. They can help to estimate the costs and benefits of interventions without conducting clinical trials and help to extrapolate the findings of clinical trials to a population level.Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) do not operate in isolation. Risk-taking behaviours and biological interactions can increase the likelihood of an individual being coinfected with more than one STI.Currently, few STI models consider coinfection or the interaction between STIs...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709211/neural-circuits-of-sexual-behavior-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#6
Scott W Emmons
The recently determined connectome of the Caenorhabditis elegans adult male, together with the known connectome of the hermaphrodite, opens up the possibility for a comprehensive description of sexual dimorphism in this species and the identification and study of the neural circuits underlying sexual behaviors. The C. elegans nervous system consists of 294 neurons shared by both sexes plus neurons unique to each sex, 8 in the hermaphrodite and 91 in the male. The sex-specific neurons are well integrated within the remainder of the nervous system; in the male, 16% of the input to the shared component comes from male-specific neurons...
April 25, 2018: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679100/g-spotplasty-a-new-surgical-plastic-intervention-the-preliminary-study
#7
Adam Ostrzenski
BACKGROUND: Ostrzenski's G-pot anatomical structure discovery has been verified by the anatomy, histology, MRI in vivo, and electrovaginography in vivo studies. The objectives of this scientific-clinical investigation were to develop a new surgical reconstructive intervention (G-spotplasty); to determine the ability of G-spotplasty surgical implementation; to observe for potential complications; and to gather initial information on whether G-spotplasty improves female sexual activity, sexual behaviors, and sexual concerns...
April 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#8
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629637/childhood-sexual-violence-in-indonesia-a-systematic-review
#9
Lauren Rumble, Ryan Fajar Febrianto, Melania Niken Larasati, Carolyn Hamilton, Ben Mathews, Michael P Dunne
There has been relatively little research into the prevalence of childhood sexual violence (CSV) as well as the risk and protective factors for CSV in low- and middle-income countries including Indonesia. Systematic searches conducted in English and Bahasa Indonesia in this review identified 594 records published between 2006 and 2016 in peer-reviewed journals and other literature including 299 Indonesian records. Fifteen studies, including nine prevalence studies, met the quality appraisal criteria developed for this review...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621025/sexual-problems-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-after-treatment-a-systematic-review
#10
Yun-Chen Chang, Shiow-Ru Chang, Shih-Che Chiu
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is a crucial part of quality of life in breast cancer survivors, regardless of their relationship status. However, previous studies have rarely used qualitative methods to explore the postoperative experiences and feelings of patients with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the reasons underlying postoperative sexual relationship changes, sexual inactivity, and adaptation to sexual life in patients with breast cancer, as well as interventions provided by medical staff...
April 4, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607043/how-scientists-perceive-the-evolutionary-origin-of-human-traits-results-of-a-survey-study
#11
Hanna Tuomisto, Matleena Tuomisto, Jouni T Tuomisto
Various hypotheses have been proposed for why the traits distinguishing humans from other primates originally evolved, and any given trait may have been explained both as an adaptation to different environments and as a result of demands from social organization or sexual selection. To find out how popular the different explanations are among scientists, we carried out an online survey among authors of recent scientific papers in journals covering relevant fields of science (paleoanthropology, paleontology, ecology, evolution, human biology)...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584766/correction-tph2-female-mice-restore-socio-sexual-recognition-through-upregulating-er%C3%AE-and-otr-genes-in-the-amygdala
#12
Ying Huo, Yaohua Zhang, Huifen Guo, Yingjuan Liu, Qi Fang, Jianxu Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193395.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567294/a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-literature-review-of-factors-associated-with-sexual-risk-taking-during-international-travel
#13
REVIEW
Pia Svensson, Mats Sundbeck, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Martin Stafström, Per-Olof Östergren, Louise Mannheimer, Anette Agardh
BACKGROUND: International travel facilitates global spread of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Travellers could contribute to onward transmission of pathogens rarely encountered at home and export new strains to the destination. The aim was to systematically examine evidence regarding determinants of travel-related sexual risk-taking and identify knowledge gaps and areas for targeted interventions. METHOD: Articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2000 to 2017 were screened in 6 databases and assessed for relevance against criteria...
March 19, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557855/risky-sexual-behavior-among-individuals-receiving-buprenorphine-naloxone-opiate-dependency-treatment-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-058
#14
Emily Shava, Lauren E Lipira, Geetha G Beauchamp, Deborah J Donnell, Shahin Lockman, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the role of opiate dependency treatment in risky sexual behavior could help optimize interventions for people who inject drugs (PWID). OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether long-term medication-assisted treatment (LT-MAT) of opiate dependency with buprenorphine/naloxone influenced risky sexual behavior among HIV-uninfected PWID and identified predictors of risky sexual behavior. METHODS: We used data from HPTN058, a randomized controlled trial of LT-MAT vs...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547074/polyvictimization-in-childhood-and-its-adverse-impacts-across-the-lifespan-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#15
Julian D Ford, Brianna C Delker
Although much empirical work has focused on the adverse impact of specific types of childhood victimization (e.g., sexual, physical, or emotional abuse), researchers and clinicians increasingly are recognizing the prevalence of polyvictimization, or exposure to multiple types of victimization. Polyvictimization during formative developmental periods may have detrimental and potentially lifelong biopsychosocial impacts over and above the effects of exposure to specific types of adversity. In this guest editorial, we summarize the key questions and findings for six empirical studies on polyvictimization included in this Special Issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536957/nanotechnology-and-the-future-of-condoms-in-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#16
REVIEW
Clarence S Yah, Geoffrey S Simate, Percy Hlangothi, Benesh M Somai
Objective: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is among the utmost destructive viruses humankind has ever faced in almost four decades. It carries with it profound socioeconomic and public health implications. Unfortunately, there is, currently, no effective cure for HIV infections. This review discusses the various types of condoms, microbicides, and the potential use of nanoparticle-coated condoms as a means of diminishing the risk of HIV transmission and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during sexual intercourse...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527090/sexualizing-media-use-and-self-objectification-a-meta-analysis
#17
Kathrin Karsay, Johannes Knoll, Jörg Matthes
Objectification theorists suggest that exposure to sexualizing media increases self-objectification among individuals. Correlational and experimental research examining this relation has received growing attention. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the influence of sexualizing media use on self-objectification among women and men. For this purpose, we analyzed 54 papers yielding 50 independent studies and 261 effect sizes. The data revealed a positive, moderate effect of sexualizing media on self-objectification ( r = ...
March 2018: Psychology of Women Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523477/predictors-of-sexual-intercourse-frequency-among-couples-trying-to-conceive
#18
Audrey J Gaskins, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Germaine M Buck Louis, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the predictors of sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) among couples trying to conceive despite the well-established link between SIF and fecundity. AIM: To evaluate men's and women's demographic, occupational, and lifestyle predictors of SIF among couples. METHODS: 469 Couples without a history of infertility participating in the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (2005-2009) were followed up for ≤1 year while trying to conceive...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521884/childhood-trauma-perceived-stress-and-hair-cortisol-in-adults-with-and-without-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Stéphanie Bossé, Tobias Stalder, Bianca DʼAntono
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma has been associated with greater psychological and physical morbidity, including a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). This may partially reflect trauma-induced disturbances in how stress is later perceived and regulated. This study evaluated the associations of childhood trauma with perceived stress and hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) in a large sample of adults with coronary artery disease (CAD) and in non-CVD patients experiencing other nonfatal illnesses...
May 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509587/cango-lyec-healing-the-elephant-gender-differences-in-hiv-infection-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#20
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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