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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#1
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634363/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#2
E Hedgeman, S P Ulrichsen, S Carter, N C Kreher, K P Malobisky, M M Braun, J Fryzek, M S Olsen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects growth, sexual development, cognitive function and behavior. Individuals exhibit food preoccupation and hyperphagia, which may lead to obesity with premature morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolisms (VTE), myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety and all-cause mortality among persons with PWS as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population cohort...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628914/efficacy-and-safety-of-tadalafil-once-a-day-versus-tadalafil-on-demand-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#3
Zhufeng Peng, Lu Yang, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei, Liangren Liu, Bo Yang
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy and safety between tadalafil once-a-day and tadalafil on-demand dosing regimen in patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared tadalafil used a once-a-day with an on-demand dosing regimen for erectile dysfunction. A secondary hand-search was performed in relevant journals, references, and the grey literature...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626791/hiv-risk-reduction-prevention-interventions-targeting-african-american-adolescent-women
#4
C Emily Hendrick, Caitlin Canfield
African American young women are overwhelmingly disproportionately burdened by HIV/AIDS in the United States today. The purpose of the current systematic review was to identify the characteristics of efficacious HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions targeting African American adolescent women in order to inform future intervention development and expansion. We searched PubMed, PsychInfo, and ProQuest databases for journal articles and dissertations published between 2000 and 2015 reporting the impacts of HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions in the U...
June 2017: Adolesc Res Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607507/urinary-lipidomics-evidence-for-multiple-sources-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-healthy-individuals
#5
J Graessler, C S Mehnert, K-M Schulte, S Bergmann, S Strauss, T D Bornstein, J Licinio, M-L Wong, A L Birkenfeld, S R Bornstein
Urinary lipidomics may add new valuable biomarkers to the diagnostic armamentarium for early detection of metabolic and kidney diseases. Sources and composition of urinary lipids in healthy individuals, however, have not been investigated in detail. Shotgun lipidomics was used to quantify lipidomic profiles in native urine samples from 16 individuals (eight men, eight women) collected in five fractions over 24 h. All probands were comprehensively characterized by urinary and clinical indices. The mean total urinary lipid concentration per sample was 0...
June 13, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554105/comment-on-a-case-report-of-a-complete-degloving-injury-of-the-penile-skin
#6
A Innocenti, D Melita, F Mori, S Ghezzi, M Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: We recently published an article in the International Journal of Surgical Case Reports titled: "Scrotal dartos-fascio-myo-cutaneous flap for penis elongation after catastrophic iatrogenic skin shaft sub-amputation: A case of recovery using an extremely adaptable flap". PRESENTATION OF CASE: We propose a comment on a recent article titled "A case report of a complete degloving injury of the penile skin" by Helena Aineskog and Frederik Huss that we read with great interest...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543783/alpha-male-replacements-in-nonhuman-primates-variability-in-processes-outcomes-and-terminology
#7
Julie A Teichroeb, Katharine M Jack
Alpha male replacements occur in all primates displaying a dominance hierarchy but the process can be extremely variable. Here, we review the primate literature to document differences in patterns of alpha male replacements, showing that group composition and dispersal patterns account for a large proportion of this variability. We also examine the consequences of alpha male replacements in terms of sexual selection theory, infanticide, and group compositions. Though alpha male replacements are often called takeovers in the literature, this term masks much of the variation that is present in these processes...
July 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535293/invited-commentary-a-landmark-study-launched-in-a-public-health-maelstrom
#8
Eric A Engels, Charles S Rabkin, James J Goedert
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was first recognized in 1981, and it quickly became a public health emergency. In a 1987 paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;126(2): 310-318), Richard Kaslow et al. described the launch of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a cohort study of homosexual men in 4 US cities, the purpose of which was to better understand the natural history of AIDS and its determinants. The MACS enrolled participants through a range of community contacts...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489498/fusarium-oxysporum-and-the-fusarium-wilt-syndrome
#9
Thomas R Gordon
The Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) comprises a multitude of strains that cause vascular wilt diseases of economically important crops throughout the world. Although sexual reproduction is unknown in the FOSC, horizontal gene transfer may contribute to the observed diversity in pathogenic strains. Development of disease in a susceptible crop requires F. oxysporum to advance through a series of transitions, beginning with spore germination and culminating with establishment of a systemic infection...
May 10, 2017: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441117/sexual-dimorphism-of-parental-care-from-genes-to-behavior
#10
Noga Zilkha, Niv Scott, Tali Kimchi
Parental care is found in species across the animal kingdom, from small insects to large mammals, with a conserved purpose of increasing offspring survival. Yet enormous variability exists between different species and between the sexes in the pattern and level of parental investment. Here, we review the literature on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying maternal and paternal care, especially in rodents, and discuss the relationship between sex differences in behavior and sexual dimorphism in the brain...
April 24, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426807/correction-risk-factors-associated-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170635.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424970/neighborhood-environments-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-for-hiv-infection-among-u-s-women-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Chanelle J Howe, Hayley Siegel, Akilah Dulin-Keita
Empirical evidence indicates that aspects of the neighborhood environment may affect HIV prevention efforts. Therefore, the neighborhood environment should be considered when implementing prevention interventions. However, much of the empirical evidence is derived from studies conducted among drug users, men, or adolescents. Such evidence may not be as applicable to adult women whose primary risk for HIV infection is via heterosexual sexual behavior. Therefore, a systematic review examining the relationship between neighborhood environments and HIV sexual risk behaviors among adult U...
April 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424504/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-treatment
#14
M R Costa, V C Ponciano, T R Costa, A M de Oliveira, C P Gomes, E C de Oliveira
Population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has had many problems, and some of these have arisen from sexual disorders. The present study intends to determine the prevalence and the associated factors with erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with CKD on conservative treatment (CKDCT). This transversal study was conducted from May 2013 to December 2015. The tools used were: medical records and the International Index of Erectile Function. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424503/sexuality-education-in-japanese-medical-schools
#15
M Shirai, A Tsujimura, A Abdelhamed, S Horie
The present study aimed to investigate current sexuality education in Japanese medical schools and the impact of position title in the Japanese Society for Sexual Medicine (JSSM). Questionnaires were mailed to urology departments in all Japanese medical schools. The responses were evaluated according to four factors: the number of lecture components, curriculum hours, degree of satisfaction with the components and degree of satisfaction with the curriculum hours. We also investigated differences in these four factors among three groups: Directors, Council members and non-members of the JSSM...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424501/translation-and-validation-of-the-greek-version-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-questionnaire
#16
A Zachariou, M Filiponi, P S Kirana
The clinical evaluation of female sexual dysfunctions should be supplemented by validated questionnaires; however, there is no specific instrument available in Greek language. The study was designed to linguistically validate the Greek version of Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Ninety-nine healthy women and eighteen women with a sexual dysfunction were recruited through a survey and were asked to voluntarily complete the FSFI questionnaire in Greek (FSFI-Gr) at baseline and after 2 weeks. We assessed validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of the FSFI greek version...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424500/percutaneous-transluminal-coronary-angioplasty-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-impact-on-sexual-function-in-men
#17
C Goławski, M Dłużniewski, E Kostarska-Srokosz, K Nowosielski, J Syska-Sumińska, M Chmielewski, R Kowalczyk
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in men's sexual function after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) treatment for acute myocardial infarction (MI). Sixty men aged 18-70 years old were included in the study. All patients had acute MI and underwent PTCA. They underwent two post PCTA visits: 3 days and between 4 and 6 months after PTCA. During the first and second visit a standard medical interview was carried out and sexual function data collected using Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418091/newsworthiness-versus-scientific-impact-are-the-most-highly-cited-urology-papers-the-most-widely-disseminated-in-the-media
#18
E M O'Connor, G J Nason, F O'Kelly, R P Manecksha, S Loeb
BACKGROUND: Discordance exists between scientific impact and media attention. Altmetrics are non-traditional measures of impact which are composite scores that include social media and traditional media sharing of an article. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a correlation exists between newsworthiness (Altmetric score) and the scientific impact markers such as citation analysis, impact factors and levels of evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The top 5 most cited articles for the year 2014 and 2015 from the top 10 ranking urology journals (scientific impact group) were identified...
April 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405028/women-s-finger-pressure-sensitivity-at-rest-and-recalled-body-awareness-during-partnered-sexual-activity
#19
R M Costa, José Pestana, David Costa, Marc Wittmann
Greater vibrotactile sensitivity has been related to better erectile function in men, and vibrotactile and pressure tactile sensitivity have been related to better sexual function in women. Our previous study found that, for both sexes, greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlated with greater recalled desire and arousal. Using the same sample of that study (68 women and 48 men, recruited in the Lisbon area, Portugal), we tested if greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlates with tactile pressure sensitivity, as assessed by von Frey microfilaments...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398074/what-do-we-know-about-the-health-of-spanish-roma-people-and-what-has-been-done-to-improve-it-a-scoping-review
#20
Ana Fernández-Feito, Raúl Pesquera-Cabezas, Carmen González-Cobo, M Dolores Prieto-Salceda
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the published literature on the health of the Roma population in Spain, particularly that which describes health interventions and outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review of published articles/reports on Roma population health was carried out in Spain for publications between 2002 and 2014. Articles in Spanish or English were identified from Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Scielo, IBECS, MEDES, Dialnet, Index Foundation, a database of theses and Google Scholar...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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