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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937503/patient-burden-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#1
Vibeke Strand, Jasvinder A Singh
Axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) is an inflammatory spondyloarthritis (SpA) that has significant impact on a patient's life. Symptoms, including fatigue, sleep problems, depression, and sexual dysfunction, can profoundly impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and limit work, leisure, and daily activities. Available therapies effectively manage pain and inflammation in early-stage disease, but patients often continue to experience impaired HRQoL. Thus, there remains a need for new therapies with novel mechanisms that can stop disease progression, potentially reverse damage caused by AxSpA and improve HRQoL in patients with AxSpA...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933950/women-s-experiences-of-pornography-a-systematic-review-of-research-using-qualitative-methods
#2
Sarah Ashton, Karalyn McDonald, Maggie Kirkman
Given the proliferation of pornography in personal, relational, and social realms, it is vital to understand women's experiences of this accessible, stimulating, and versatile sexual material. We therefore conducted the first systematic review of research using qualitative methods published in English in peer-reviewed journals. Our search of five databases yielded 22 eligible articles. Thematic analysis of results revealed four broad themes: women encountering pornography, pornography and the self, pornography in the context of relationships, and making sense of pornography...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923040/systematic-review-a-review-of-adolescent-behavior-change-interventions-bci-and-their-effectiveness-in-hiv-and-aids-prevention-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
M Mwale, A S Muula
BACKGROUND: Despite sub-Saharan Africa [SSA] constituting just 12% of the world's population, the region has the highest burden of HIV with 70% of HIV infection in general and 80% of new infections among young people occuring in the region. Diverse intervention programmes have been implemented among young people but with minimal translation to behavior change. A systematic review of Behavior Change Interventions [BCI] targeting adolescents in SSA was therefore conducted with the objective of delineating this intervention vis-a-vis efficacy gap...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910820/prospective-investigation-of-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#4
Aurora Perez-Cornago, Timothy J Key, Naomi E Allen, Georgina K Fensom, Kathryn E Bradbury, Richard M Martin, Ruth C Travis
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in British men but its aetiology is not well understood. We aimed to identify risk factors for prostate cancer in British males. METHODS: We studied 219 335 men from the UK Biobank study who were free from cancer at baseline. Exposure data were collected at recruitment. Prostate cancer risk by the different exposures was estimated using multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: In all, 4575 incident cases of prostate cancer occurred during 5...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902703/the-effect-of-schooling-on-age-disparate-relationships-and-number-of-sexual-partners-among-young-women-in-rural-south-africa-enrolled-in-hptn-068
#5
Marie C D Stoner, Jessie K Edwards, William C Miller, Allison E Aiello, Carolyn T Halpern, Aimée Julien, Amanda Selin, James P Hughes, Jing Wang, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Ryan G Wagner, Catherine MacPhail, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: Attending school may have a strong preventative association with sexually transmitted infections among young women, but the mechanism for this relationship is unknown. One hypothesis is that students who attend school practice safer sex with fewer partners, establishing safer sexual networks that make them less exposed to infection. SETTING: We used longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial of young women age 13-20 in the Bushbuckridge district, South Africa, to determine if the percentage of school days attended, school dropout and grade repetition are associated with having a partner five or more years older (age-disparate) and with the number of sexual partners in the previous 12 months...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895801/prevalence-of-sexual-assault-victimization-among-college-men-aged-18-24-a-review
#6
R Lane Forsman
PURPOSE: The current review provides summary and evaluation of prevalence data for the sexual victimization of college men ages 18 - 24. METHODS: Potential studies were selected by searching electronic bibliographic databases. Studies were initially selected for inclusion if they (1) assessed prevalence rates of sexual victimization on college campuses and (2) were published in a scholarly journal (3) in the English language. Utilizing this strategy, 3,973 studies were initially identified, of which 5 underwent complete review...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892555/stigma-of-hiv-testing-on-online-hiv-forums-self-stigma-and-the-unspoken
#7
Chia-Ling Lynn Ho, Wenjing Pan, Laramie D Taylor
Most studies examining HIV-related content in web forums have revolved around the most frequently used terms in HIV-related messages and topics, as well as the supportive nature of those messages. The current study explored barriers that prevent individuals from seeking HIV testing (specifically stigma). The current study analyzed a total of 210 threads and 319 posts, yielding 13 threads that revealed how individuals self-stigmatize and expressed how the fear of being diagnosed prevented them from seeking HIV testing...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877736/prevalence-and-determinants-of-risky-sexual-practice-in-ethiopia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual practice is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. There are various studies on the prevalence and determinants of risky sexual practice in different regions of the country but there is no study which shows the national estimate of risky sexual practices in Ethiopia. Therefore, this review was conducted to estimate the national pooled prevalence of risky sexual practice and its risk factors in Ethiopia. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline was followed to review published and unpublished studies in Ethiopia...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874110/-i-know-correlation-doesn-t-prove-causation-but-are-we-jumping-to-unfounded-conclusions-about-the-causes-of-sexual-offending
#9
Kevin L Nunes, Chloe I Pedneault, W Eric Filleter, Sacha Maimone, Carolyn Blank, Maya Atlas
Identifying causes of sexual offending is the foundation of effective and efficient assessment, intervention, and policy aimed at reducing sexual offending. However, studies vary in methodological rigor and the inferences they support, and there are differences of opinion about the conclusions that can be drawn from ambiguous evidence. To explore how researchers in this area interpret the available empirical evidence, we asked authors of articles published in relevant specialized journals to identify (a) an important factor that may lead to sexual offending, (b) a study providing evidence of a relationship between that factor and sexual offending, and (c) the inferences supported by that study...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873086/anti-mullerian-hormone-and-endometrial-cancer-a-multi-cohort-study
#10
Renée T Fortner, Helena Schock, Seungyoun Jung, Naomi E Allen, Alan A Arslan, Louise A Brinton, Brian L Egleston, Roni T Falk, Marc J Gunter, Kathy J Helzlsouer, Annika Idahl, Theron S Johnson, Rudolf Kaaks, Vittorio Krogh, Eva Lundin, Melissa A Merritt, Carmen Navarro, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Domenico Palli, Xiao-Ou Shu, Patrick M Sluss, Paul N Staats, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Wei Zheng, Joanne F Dorgan
BACKGROUND: The Mullerian ducts are the embryological precursors of the female reproductive tract, including the uterus; anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) has a key role in the regulation of foetal sexual differentiation. Anti-Mullerian hormone inhibits endometrial tumour growth in experimental models by stimulating apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. To date, there are no prospective epidemiologic data on circulating AMH and endometrial cancer risk. METHODS: We investigated this association among women premenopausal at blood collection in a multicohort study including participants from eight studies located in the United States, Europe, and China...
September 5, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871935/topical-imiquimod-is-an-effective-and-safe-drug-for-molluscum-contagiosum-in-children
#11
George Badavanis, Efstathia Pasmatzi, Alexandra Monastirli, Sophia Georgiou, Dionysios Tsambaos
Dear Editor, Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a very common skin infection caused by a molluscipox virus gene of the poxvirus family. It usually occurs in young children, sexually active adults, and immunocompromised individuals. The typical clinical picture of this infection is characterized by asymptomatic flesh-colored, single or multiple papules, measuring 2-6 mm in diameter with a central umbilication that occur on the skin and the mucous membranes. In adults, the skin lesions are predominantly located in the genital region, whereas in children they are found on the trunk, the extremities, and the face...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867823/studying-sex-a-content-analysis-of-sexuality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#12
Candice Crowell, Della V Mosley, Danelle Stevens-Watkins
Using a sex positive framework, the authors conducted a 61-year (1954-2015) content analysis of sexuality research in the flagship counseling psychology journals, the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist. Given counseling psychology's core strengths- and multiculturalism-related values, this study aimed to uncover which human sexuality topics were published most, whether publications aligned with a sex positive, neutral, or negative discourse, what methodologies were used, and differences in how populations were investigated across race...
May 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854930/sex-workers-as-peer-health-advocates-community-empowerment-and-transformative-learning-through-a-canadian-pilot-program
#13
Cecilia Benoit, Lynne Belle-Isle, Michaela Smith, Rachel Phillips, Leah Shumka, Chris Atchison, Mikael Jansson, Charlotte Loppie, Jackson Flagg
BACKGROUND: Social marginalization and criminalization create health and safety risks for sex workers and reduce their access to health promotion and prevention services compared to the general population. Community empowerment-based interventions that prioritize the engagement of sex workers show promising results. Peer-to-peer interventions, wherein sex workers act as educators of their colleagues, managers, clients and romantic partners, foster community mobilization and critical consciousness among sex workers and equip them to exercise agency in their work and personal lives...
August 30, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853925/sex-determination-in-the-mammalian-germline
#14
Cassy Spiller, Peter Koopman, Josephine Bowles
Sexual reproduction crucially depends on the production of sperm in males and oocytes in females. Both types of gamete arise from the same precursor, the germ cells. We review the events that characterize the development of germ cells during fetal life as they commit to, and prepare for, oogenesis or spermatogenesis. In females, fetal germ cells enter meiosis, whereas in males they delay meiosis and instead lose pluripotency, activate an irreversible program of prospermatogonial differentiation, and temporarily cease dividing...
August 30, 2017: Annual Review of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842752/sexuality-among-women-treated-for-breast-cancer-a-survey-of-three-surgical-procedures
#15
Ana Olivia Cortés-Flores, Adriana Vargas-Meza, Gilberto Morgan-Villela, Jorge Jiménez-Tornero, Carlos José Zuloaga-Fernández Del Valle, Manuel Solano-Genesta, Roberto Carlos Miranda-Ackerman, Iztel Vázquez-Reyna, Luis Alberto García-González, Guillermo Alonso Cervantes-Cardona, Gabino Cervantes-Guevara, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Alejandro González-Ojeda
BACKGROUND: The quality of life of Mexican patients with breast cancer has been studied, but female sexual function has only been explored superficially. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire has been validated as a tool to measure sexual function among women with cancer. However, no study in Mexico has been published. PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare female sexuality of breast cancer survivors treated with three surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire survey applied in patients without active disease and free of any oncologic treatment who underwent conservative mastectomy, and mastectomy with and without reconstruction...
August 25, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838075/mycoplasma-genitalium-from-basic-science-to-public-health-summary-of-the-results-from-a-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-disesases-technical-consultation-and-consensus-recommendations-for-future-research-priorities
#16
REVIEW
David H Martin, Lisa E Manhart, Kimberly A Workowski
This article lays out the research priorities for Mycoplasma genitalium research agreed upon by the participants in a 2016 National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases-funded Technical Consultation focused on this organism. The state of current knowledge concerning the microbiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations of infection, treatment, and public health significance of M. genitalium reviewed at the meeting is described in detail in the individual articles included in this supplemental edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814813/sexual-dysfunction-among-diabetics-and-its-impact-on-the-sqol-of-their-partners
#17
W K B A Owiredu, H Alidu, N Amidu, C Obirikorang, C K Gyasi-Sarpong, A T Bawah, P P M Dapare, A T Luuse
Sexual dysfunction (SD) has long been known to affect a significant number of people worldwide with serious implications and limitations on sexual expression and fulfillment. This may affect the sexual quality of life (SQoL) of individuals and their partners. A cross-sectional study was conducted among diabetic patients and their partners who visited the Tema General Hospital. A total of 130 and 116 diabetic males and females and their partners were interviewed. Male and female diabetic participants and partners were evaluated using the Golombuk Rust Inventory for Sexual Satisfaction-Male (GRISS-M)/SQoL-M and GRISS-Female/SQoL-F, respectively...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#18
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753394/ladies-first-not-so-fast-linguistic-sexism-in-peer-reviewed-research
#19
Malachi Willis, Kristen N Jozkowski
The words we use reflect and influence our interpretation of the world. The role of gender within a language varies; biases based on social gender are referred to as linguistic sexism. Male firstness is the practice of persistently ordering masculine terms before feminine terms. Because academic writing is mandated to be free of bias, peer-reviewed research should not contain any form of linguistic sexism. To assess the presence of male firstness in academic writing, we examined 862 contemporary articles from 10 social science journals across three disciplines: sexuality, health, and psychology...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752250/-the-roots-of-sexual-medicine-in-germany-a-personal-retrospective
#20
REVIEW
Volkmar Sigusch
The first steps toward an academic sexual medicine were made half a century ago in the Federal Republic of Germany. After the so-called sexual revolution, the first approaches to an academicization of the field of sexual science were located in Hamburg and Frankfurt, where independent institutes and chairs were set up. Through empirical studies, the ignorance of physicians and medical students in sexuality-related topics could be demonstrated and subsequently addressed. In the early 1970s a journal named Sexualmedizin was founded, the first education courses for physicians in sexual medicine were held and in Frankfurt the first "special" university outpatient clinic in the country was opened with a department for sexual science...
July 27, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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