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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097173/contributing-factors-to-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of overwhelming changes and challenges, which expose the adolescents to high-risk behaviors. Risky sexual relationship is one of these behaviors that entails physical risks and psychosocial harms. Various factors have been recognized to shape sexual behaviors in adolescents. This paper is an attempt to investigate the factors contributing to high-risk sexual behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A literature review of the research published by Iranian authors, in Farsi or English language in local and foreign journals, was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc, and Google Scholar...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095886/the-dynamics-of-hiv-transmission-in-out-of-school-young-heterosexual-men-in-south-africa-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#2
Nonzwakazi Ntombela, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Andile Mtshali, Anna Voce, Ayesha B M Kharsany
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, gender inequality dominated by males and heterosexual HIV epidemic are associated with high HIV infection. Underlying epidemiological and social determinants driving HIV acquisition and transmission are critical to understand the extent and complexity of sexual networks as primary mechanisms through which HIV is likely to spread. The aim of the study is to provide an overview of empiric evidence that links the complex interaction of risk of HIV infection in men...
January 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072610/sexual-activity-and-function-assessment-in-middle-aged-chinese-women-using-the-female-sexual-function-index
#3
Caiyun Zhang, Liping Cui, Lizhi Zhang, Chang Shi, Hong Zang
OBJECTIVE: To assess sexual activity, sexual function, and their correlation with vaginal maturation status among middle-aged Chinese women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with comparisons across age groups was carried out. In all, 120 women aged 45 to 60 years were recruited into three groups: 45 to 50 (youngest group), 51 to 55 (intermediate group), and 56 to 60 years old (eldest group). Sexual function was assessed through the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI); vaginal maturation status was determined through the Vaginal Maturation Index (VMI) and pH value...
January 9, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028318/symptomatic-response-to-testosterone-treatment-in-dieting-obese-men-with-low-testosterone-levels-in-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
M N T Fui, R Hoermann, L A Prendergast, J D Zajac, M Grossmann
BACKGROUND: Obese men commonly have reductions in circulating testosterone and report symptoms consistent with androgen deficiency. We hypothesized that testosterone treatment improves constitutional and sexual symptoms over and above the effects of weight loss alone. METHODS: We conducted a pre-specified analysis of a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at a tertiary referral centre. 100 obese men (BMI>30 kg/m(2)) with a repeated total testosterone level <12 nmol/l and a median age of 53 years (interquartile range 47-60) receiving 10 weeks of a very low energy diet (VLED) followed by 46 weeks of weight maintenance were randomly assigned at baseline to 56 weeks of intramuscular testosterone undecanoate (n=49, cases) or matching placebo (n=51, controls)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988402/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-wild-banana-musa-acuminata-colla-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Nimisha Sarah Mathew, Pradeep Singh Negi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Musa acuminata, the wild species of banana is a plant of the tropical and subtropical regions. Over the past few decades, the health benefits of M. acuminata have received much attention. All parts of the plant including fruits, peel, pseudostem, corm, flowers, leaves, sap and roots have found their use in the treatment of many diseases in traditional medicine. Literature review have indicated use of M. acuminata in the treatment of various diseases such as fever, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, allergic infections, sexually transmitted infections, and some of the non-communicable diseases...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977473/usefulness-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-to-assess-the-melanocortin-receptor-agonist-bremelanotide
#6
William B White, Martin G Myers, Robert Jordan, Johna Lucas
BACKGROUND: Melanocortin receptor agonists that bind to the melanocortin receptor 4 may cause increases in blood pressure (BP). Bremelanotide is an on-demand, subcutaneous melanocortin-receptor agonist that binds to the melanocortin receptor 4 and is being developed for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction. METHODS: We studied the effects of bremelanotide administration on ambulatory BP and heart rate (HR), in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and parallel-arm trial of three doses of bremelanotide (0...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966409/the-men-s-safer-sex-project-intervention-development-and-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-interactive-digital-intervention-to-increase-condom-use-in-men
#7
Julia V Bailey, Rosie Webster, Rachael Hunter, Mark Griffin, Nicholas Freemantle, Greta Rait, Claudia Estcourt, Susan Michie, Jane Anderson, Judith Stephenson, Makeda Gerressu, Chee Siang Ang, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: This report details the development of the Men's Safer Sex website and the results of a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), health economic assessment and qualitative evaluation. OBJECTIVES: (1) Develop the Men's Safer Sex website to address barriers to condom use; (2) determine the best design for an online RCT; (3) inform the methods for collecting and analysing health economic data; (4) assess the Sexual Quality of Life (SQoL) questionnaire and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions, three-level version (EQ-5D-3L) to calculate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs); and (5) explore clinic staff and men's views of online research methodology...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928152/a-10-year-interval-study-to-compare-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-korea-the-korean-internet-sexuality-survey-kiss-2014
#8
H Shin, B Min, J Park, H Son
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is defined as disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiological changes that characterize the sexual response cycle, which cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. Female sexual dysfunction is strongly related to socio-cultural characteristics of a certain region and can change over time. Authors previously reported the features of FSD in Korea through an analysis of an internet-based survey conducted in 2004. This time, we designed a 10-year interval study to compare the prevalence of and risk factors of FSD through the Korean Internet Sexuality Survey (KISS) 2014...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#9
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922851/future-prospects-for-new-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
Sami L Gottlieb, Christine Johnston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the need, development status, and important next steps for advancing development of vaccines against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including herpes simplex virus (HSV), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), and Treponema pallidum (syphilis). RECENT FINDINGS: Global estimates suggest that more than a million STIs are acquired every day, and many new and emerging challenges to STI control highlight the critical need for development of new STI vaccines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912243/vomeronasal-receptors-in-vertebrates-and-the-evolution-of-pheromone-detection
#11
Liliana Silva, Agostinho Antunes
Pheromones were identified as chemical signals used for intraspecific communication in insects (e.g., sexual attraction) in the 1950s. However, only almost 40 years later the vomeronasal receptors type-1 (V1R) and type-2 (V2R) were identified, usually associated with the presence of a vomeronasal organ (VNO). VRs are widespread in amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, but birds lost the VNO. Similarly, fishes lack VRs and a VNO but can still detect pheromones, instead using the olfactory receptors related to class A and class C G protein-coupled receptors...
November 28, 2016: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898574/factors-associated-with-primary-care-physician-knowledge-of-the-recommended-regimen-for-treating-gonorrhea
#12
Marta Bornstein, Faruque Ahmed, Roxanne Barrow, Jami Fraze Risley, Sheena Simmons, Kimberly A Workowski
BACKGROUND: The recommended regimen for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea has changed over time, due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. We assessed physician knowledge of the recommendation for treating uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea in adolescents and adults using ceftriaxone and azithromycin dual therapy. METHODS: We analyzed DocStyles 2015 survey data from 1357 primary care physicians practicing for at least 3 years who provided screening, diagnosis, or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases to one or more patients in an average month...
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897080/do-perceptions-of-their-partners-childbearing-desires-affect-young-women-s-pregnancy-risk-further-study-of-ambivalence
#13
Warren B Miller, Jennifer S Barber, Paul Schulz
We explore whether young women's perceptions of their sexual partners' childbearing desires contribute to their risk of pregnancy. We used weekly journal data collected from 787 young women to measure their childbearing desires and their perceptions of their partners' childbearing desires. We then conducted hazard modelling to predict pregnancy risk with variables based on interactions between the women's desires and their perceived partners' desires. Models that include perceived partners' desires perform better than one based on women's desires alone...
November 29, 2016: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870449/do-cortical-plasticity-mechanisms-differ-between-males-and-females
#14
James Dachtler, Kevin Fox
The difference between male and female behavior and male and female susceptibility to a number of neuropsychiatric conditions is not controversial. From a biological perspective, one might expect to see at least some of these differences underpinned by identifiable physical differences in the brain. This Mini-Review focuses on evidence that plasticity mechanisms differ between males and females and ask at what scale of organization the differences might exist, at the systems level, the circuits level, or the synaptic level...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853168/depressive-symptoms-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#15
S Furukawa, T Sakai, T Niiya, H Miyaoka, T Miyake, S Yamamoto, K Maruyama, T Ueda, H Senba, M Torisu, H Minami, M Onji, T Tanigawa, B Matsuura, Y Hiasa, Y Miyake
In several studies of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a positive association between depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported. No evidence exists, however, regarding the association between depressive symptoms and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thus, we examined this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study subjects were 469 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 19 years or over. ED, moderate to severe ED and severe ED were defined as present when a subject had a Sexual Health Inventory for Men score <22, <12 and <8, respectively...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853167/what-kind-of-sexual-dysfunction-is-most-common-among-overweight-and-obese-women-in-reproductive-age
#16
S Rabiepoor, H R Khalkhali, E Sadeghi
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and sexual health and determine what kind of sexual dysfunction is most common among overweight and obese women in reproductive age from Iran. A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. The data of 198 women who referred to health centers during 2014-2015 in Iran were collected through convenient sampling. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, female sexual function and sexual satisfaction indexes...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797406/the-impact-of-fraudulent-and-irreproducible-data-to-the-translational-research-crisis-solutions-and-implementation
#18
Jörg B Schulz, Mark R Cookson, Laura Hausmann
One of the aims of basic neuroscience research is ultimately the development of therapeutics to cure diseases. Funders granting money to research institutions increasingly express interest into how their financial resources are used and look for successful translation in clinical practice. Disappointingly, many findings that started out promising in basic research projects and phase I trials did not live up to the promise of therapeutic efficacy in later phase II or III trials. An inordinately high amount of time and money is thus spent on research that does not always have the required human impact...
October 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#19
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784887/ejaculatory-training-lengthens-the-ejaculation-latency-and-facilitates-the-functioning-of-the-spinal-generator-for-ejaculation-of-rats-with-rapid-ejaculation
#20
M de L Rodríguez-Peña, G Rodríguez-Manzo, M Carro-Juárez
A spinal pattern generator controls the ejaculatory response. Central pattern generators (CPGs) may be entrained to improve the motor patterns under their control. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that training of the spinal generator for ejaculation (SGE) by daily copulation until ejaculation, could promote substantive changes in its functioning permitting a better SGE control of the genital motor pattern of ejaculation (GMPE) and, as a consequence, a normalization of the ejaculation latency of rats with rapid ejaculation...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
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