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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535293/invited-commentary-a-landmark-study-launched-in-a-public-health-maelstrom
#1
Eric A Engels, Charles S Rabkin, James J Goedert
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was first recognized in 1981, and it quickly became a public health emergency. In a 1987 paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;126(2): 310-318), Richard Kaslow et al. described the launch of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a cohort study of homosexual men in 4 US cities, the purpose of which was to better understand the natural history of AIDS and its determinants. The MACS enrolled participants through a range of community contacts...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489498/fusarium-oxysporum-and-the-fusarium-wilt-syndrome
#2
Thomas R Gordon
The Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) comprises a multitude of strains that cause vascular wilt diseases of economically important crops throughout the world. Although sexual reproduction is unknown in the FOSC, horizontal gene transfer may contribute to the observed diversity in pathogenic strains. Development of disease in a susceptible crop requires F. oxysporum to advance through a series of transitions, beginning with spore germination and culminating with establishment of a systemic infection...
May 10, 2017: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441117/sexual-dimorphism-of-parental-care-from-genes-to-behavior
#3
Noga Zilkha, Niv Scott, Tali Kimchi
Parental care is found in species across the animal kingdom, from small insects to large mammals, with a conserved purpose of increasing offspring survival. Yet enormous variability exists between different species and between the sexes in the pattern and level of parental investment. Here, we review the literature on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying maternal and paternal care, especially in rodents, and discuss the relationship between sex differences in behavior and sexual dimorphism in the brain...
April 24, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#4
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426807/correction-risk-factors-associated-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170635.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424970/neighborhood-environments-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-for-hiv-infection-among-u-s-women-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Chanelle J Howe, Hayley Siegel, Akilah Dulin-Keita
Empirical evidence indicates that aspects of the neighborhood environment may affect HIV prevention efforts. Therefore, the neighborhood environment should be considered when implementing prevention interventions. However, much of the empirical evidence is derived from studies conducted among drug users, men, or adolescents. Such evidence may not be as applicable to adult women whose primary risk for HIV infection is via heterosexual sexual behavior. Therefore, a systematic review examining the relationship between neighborhood environments and HIV sexual risk behaviors among adult U...
April 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424504/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-treatment
#7
M R Costa, V C Ponciano, T R Costa, A M de Oliveira, C P Gomes, E C de Oliveira
Population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has had many problems, and some of these have arisen from sexual disorders. The present study intends to determine the prevalence and the associated factors with erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with CKD on conservative treatment (CKDCT). This transversal study was conducted from May 2013 to December 2015. The tools used were: medical records and the International Index of Erectile Function. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424503/sexuality-education-in-japanese-medical-schools
#8
M Shirai, A Tsujimura, A Abdelhamed, S Horie
The present study aimed to investigate current sexuality education in Japanese medical schools and the impact of position title in the Japanese Society for Sexual Medicine (JSSM). Questionnaires were mailed to urology departments in all Japanese medical schools. The responses were evaluated according to four factors: the number of lecture components, curriculum hours, degree of satisfaction with the components and degree of satisfaction with the curriculum hours. We also investigated differences in these four factors among three groups: Directors, Council members and non-members of the JSSM...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424501/translation-and-validation-of-the-greek-version-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-questionnaire
#9
A Zachariou, M Filiponi, P S Kirana
The clinical evaluation of female sexual dysfunctions should be supplemented by validated questionnaires; however, there is no specific instrument available in Greek language. The study was designed to linguistically validate the Greek version of Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Ninety-nine healthy women and eighteen women with a sexual dysfunction were recruited through a survey and were asked to voluntarily complete the FSFI questionnaire in Greek (FSFI-Gr) at baseline and after 2 weeks. We assessed validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of the FSFI greek version...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424500/percutaneous-transluminal-coronary-angioplasty-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-impact-on-sexual-function-in-men
#10
C Goławski, M Dłużniewski, E Kostarska-Srokosz, K Nowosielski, J Syska-Sumińska, M Chmielewski, R Kowalczyk
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in men's sexual function after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) treatment for acute myocardial infarction (MI). Sixty men aged 18-70 years old were included in the study. All patients had acute MI and underwent PTCA. They underwent two post PCTA visits: 3 days and between 4 and 6 months after PTCA. During the first and second visit a standard medical interview was carried out and sexual function data collected using Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418091/newsworthiness-versus-scientific-impact-are-the-most-highly-cited-urology-papers-the-most-widely-disseminated-in-the-media
#11
E M O'Connor, G J Nason, F O'Kelly, R P Manecksha, S Loeb
BACKGROUND: Discordance exists between scientific impact and media attention. Altmetrics are non-traditional measures of impact which are composite scores that include social media and traditional media sharing of an article. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a correlation exists between newsworthiness (Altmetric score) and the scientific impact markers such as citation analysis, impact factors and levels of evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The top 5 most cited articles for the year 2014 and 2015 from the top 10 ranking urology journals (scientific impact group) were identified...
April 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405028/women-s-finger-pressure-sensitivity-at-rest-and-recalled-body-awareness-during-partnered-sexual-activity
#12
R M Costa, José Pestana, David Costa, Marc Wittmann
Greater vibrotactile sensitivity has been related to better erectile function in men, and vibrotactile and pressure tactile sensitivity have been related to better sexual function in women. Our previous study found that, for both sexes, greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlated with greater recalled desire and arousal. Using the same sample of that study (68 women and 48 men, recruited in the Lisbon area, Portugal), we tested if greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlates with tactile pressure sensitivity, as assessed by von Frey microfilaments...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398074/what-do-we-know-about-the-health-of-spanish-roma-people-and-what-has-been-done-to-improve-it-a-scoping-review
#13
Ana Fernández-Feito, Raúl Pesquera-Cabezas, Carmen González-Cobo, M Dolores Prieto-Salceda
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the published literature on the health of the Roma population in Spain, particularly that which describes health interventions and outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review of published articles/reports on Roma population health was carried out in Spain for publications between 2002 and 2014. Articles in Spanish or English were identified from Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Scielo, IBECS, MEDES, Dialnet, Index Foundation, a database of theses and Google Scholar...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352927/coverage-of-acta-dermatovenerologica-alpina-pannonica-et-adriatica-in-elsevier-s-citescore-index-a-new-tool-for-measuring-the-citation-impact-of-academic-journals
#14
Mario Poljak
In December 2016, Elsevier launched a new tool that helps measure the citation impact of academic journals, called the CiteScore index. The CiteScore index values for 2015 confirmed the status of Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica et Adriatica (Acta Dermatovenerol APA) as the leading journal in dermatology and sexually transmitted infections in the region. Sixty-five articles published in Acta Dermatovenerol APA from 2012 to 2014 received a total of 77 citations in 2015, resulting in a CiteScore index value of 1...
March 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341581/the-graham-jackson-memorial-lecture-issm-2016-the-man-who-knew-too-much-time-to-recognize-erectile-dysfunction-and-low-testosterone-as-independent-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease
#15
REVIEW
Geoffrey Hackett
INTRODUCTION: Graham Jackson introduced the concept that erectile dysfunction (ED) is a marker for undiagnosed cardiovascular (CV) disease and future events. In the Princeton 3 guidelines, he recognized the important impact of testosterone deficiency (TD) on all-cause and CV mortality. Recent evidence suggests that testosterone therapy to target levels and for sufficient duration decreases CV events. Unfortunately, this had a modest impact on CV disease management because ED is not incorporated into current risk calculators...
March 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337030/prenatal-steroid-administration-leads-to-adult-pericardial-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-male-baboons
#16
A H Kuo, J Li, C Li, H F Huber, M Schwab, P W Nathanielsz, G D Clarke
Developmental programming studies indicate that glucocorticoids modify fetal development. We hypothesized that administration of the synthetic glucocorticoid (sGC) betamethasone to pregnant baboons at doses and stages of fetal life equivalent to human obstetric practice to decrease premature offspring morbidity and mortality, programs lipid metabolism. In 10-year-old male baboons (human equivalent 40) exposed in fetal life to betamethasone or saline, we quantified pericardial fat and hepatic lipid content with magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324886/the-effect-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-on-sexual-activity-and-functioning-results-from-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-rct
#17
Lesley Fallowfield, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Usha Menon, Carolyn Langridge, Shirley May, Ian Jacobs, Valerie Jenkins
BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of multimodal (MMS) and ultrasound (USS) screening on the sexual activity and functioning of 22 966 women in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) RCT. METHODS: Fallowfield's Sexual Activity Questionnaire (FSAQ) was completed prior to randomisation, then annually in a random sample (RS) of women from MMS, USS and control groups. Any women in the study who required repeat screening due to unsatisfactory results formed an Events Sample (ES); they completed questionnaires following an event and annually thereafter...
April 11, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301762/sex-differences-in-binge-eating-gonadal-hormone-effects-across-development
#18
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Cheryl L Sisk
Eating disorders are highly sexually differentiated disorders that exhibit a female predominance in risk. Most theories focus on psychosocial explanations to the exclusion of biological/genetic influences. The purpose of this descriptive review is to evaluate evidence from animal and human studies in support of gonadal hormone effects on sex differences in binge eating. Although research is in its nascent stages, findings suggest that increased prenatal testosterone exposure in males appears to protect against binge eating...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291536/child-sexual-abuse-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#19
Masako Tanaka, Yumi E Suzuki, Ikuko Aoyama, Kota Takaoka, Harriet L MacMillan
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the national prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) and its association with health and developmental outcomes is the first step in developing prevention strategies. While such data are available from many countries, less is known about the epidemiology of CSA in Japan. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched English databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, and Japanese databases: Cinii, J-Stage, Children's Rainbow Center Japan, Japan Child and Family Research Institute, Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect to identify articles published before July 2015 examining the lifetime prevalence of CSA in Japan using non-clinical samples...
March 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279998/facilitators-and-barriers-to-chlamydia-testing-in-general-practice-for-young-people-using-a-theoretical-model-com-b-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Lorraine K McDonagh, John M Saunders, Jackie Cassell, Hamad Bastaki, Thomas Hartney, Greta Rait
INTRODUCTION: Chlamydia is a key health concern with high economic and social costs. There were over 200 000 chlamydia diagnoses made in England in 2015. The burden of chlamydia is greatest among young people where the highest prevalence rates are found. Annual testing for sexually active young people is recommended; however, many of those at risk do not receive testing. General practice has been identified as an ideal setting for testing, yet efforts to increase testing in this setting have not been effective...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Open
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