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Piyush Samant, Ravinder Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Complementary and alternative medicine techniques have shown their potential for the treatment and diagnosis of chronical diseases like diabetes, arthritis etc. On the same time digital image processing techniques for disease diagnosis is reliable and fastest growing field in biomedical. Proposed model is an attempt to evaluate diagnostic validity of an old complementary and alternative medicine technique, iridology for diagnosis of type-2 diabetes using soft computing methods...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Salvatore Corrao, Christiano Argano, Daniela Colomba, Calogero Ippolito, Vincenzo Gargano, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Giuseppe Licata
In recent years, there has been a growing interest about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and the use of CAM interventions has become more common among people. For these reasons, health professionals must be able to effectively manage information in this field of knowledge according to an evidence-based point of view. This study assessed the anatomy of the available information about CAMs using PubMed, to give practical instructions to manage information in this field. We also analyzed the anatomy of information according to each alternative medicine branch, narrow and broad search methods, subset filters for indexed-for-Medline and non-indexed citations, and different publication types including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses...
October 2013: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Lin Ma, D Zhang, Naimin Li, Yan Cai, Wangmeng Zuo, Kuanguan Wang
Iris analysis studies the relationship between human health and changes in the anatomy of the iris. Apart from the fact that iris recognition focuses on modeling the overall structure of the iris, iris diagnosis emphasizes the detecting and analyzing of local variations in the characteristics of irises. This paper focuses on studying the geometrical structure changes in irises that are caused by gastrointestinal diseases, and on measuring the observable deformations in the geometrical structures of irises that are related to roundness, diameter and other geometric forms of the pupil and the collarette...
January 2013: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Kristofer Bjerså, Elisabet Stener Victorin, Monika Fagevik Olsén
BACKGROUND: Previous studies show an increased interest and usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the general population and among health care workers both internationally and nationally. CAM usage is also reported to be common among surgical patients. Earlier international studies have reported that a large amount of surgical patients use it prior to and after surgery. Recent publications indicate a weak knowledge about CAM among health care workers. However the current situation in Sweden is unknown...
2012: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Pete Greasley
Complementary and alternative therapies such as reflexology and acupuncture have been the subject of numerous evaluations, clinical trials, and systematic reviews, yet the empirical evidence in support of their efficacy remains equivocal. The empirical evaluation of a therapy would normally assume a plausible rationale regarding the mechanism of action. However, examination of the historical background and underlying principles for reflexology, iridology, acupuncture, auricular acupuncture, and some herbal medicines, reveals a rationale founded on the principle of analogical correspondences, which is a common basis for magical thinking and pseudoscientific beliefs such as astrology and chiromancy...
June 2010: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Natalie Stearn, De Wet Swanepoel
Isolated reports of hearing loss presenting as markings on the iris exist, but to date the effectiveness of iridology to identify hearing loss has not been investigated. This study therefore aimed to determine the efficacy of iridological analysis in the identification of moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss in adolescents. A controlled trial was conducted with an iridologist, blind to the actual hearing status of participants, analyzing the irises of participants with and without hearing loss. Fifty hearing impaired and fifty normal hearing subjects, between the ages of 15 and 19 years, controlled for gender, participated in the study...
November 13, 2006: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Léia Fortes Salles, Maria Júlia Paes Silva
This study is a literature review about Iridology/Irisdiagnose in the period from 1970 to 2005. The objective was to identify the worldwide scientific publications (articles) in this field and the opinions about the method. Twenty-five articles were found, four of them from Brazilian authors. About the category, 1 was literature review, 12 research studies and 12 updates, historical reviews or editorials. The countries that have contributed more with the studies were Brazil and Russia. Fifteen of those are in favor of the method and 10 are against it...
September 2008: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
J Donin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1981: Western Journal of Medicine
S Herber, M Rehbein, T Tepas, C Pohl, P Esser
BACKGROUND: Iridology is a noninvasive method from the field of complementary medicine that is said to detect diseases by looking for abnormalities of pigmentation and structure in the iris. Colorectal cancer is an ideal opportunity for screening programs because of its long period of development. Our study investigated the applicability of iridology as an alternative screening method for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Digital color slides were obtained from both eyes of 29 patients with histologically diagnosed colorectal cancer and from 29 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects...
June 2008: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Joo-Jang Cho, Woo-Jun Hwang, Seung-Heon Hong, Hyun-Ja Jeong, Hye-Jung Lee, Hyung-Min Kim, Jae-Young Um
This study investigated the relationship between iridological constitution and angiotensinogen (AGN) gene polymorphism in hypertensives. In addition to angiotensin converting enzyme gene, AGN genotype is also one of the most well studied genetic markers of hypertension. Furthermore, iridology, one of complementary and alternative medicine, is the diagnosis of the medical conditions through noting irregularities of the pigmentation in the iris. Iridological constitution has a strong familial aggregation and is implicated in heredity...
May 2008: International Journal of Neuroscience
Chun-Sang Yoo, Woo-Jun Hwang, Seung-Heon Hong, Hye-Jung Lee, Hyun-Ja Jeong, Su-Jin Kim, Hyung-Min Kim, Jae-Young Um
Iridology is a complementary and alternative medicine that involves the diagnosis of medical conditions by noting irregularities of the pigmentation in the iris. Iris constitution has a strong hereditary component. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), a pleiotropic cytokine, has been implicated in many pathological processes including hypertension. In this paper, the relationship between iris constitution and TNFalpha gene polymorphism in those with hypertension is investigated. Eighty seven hypertensive individuals and 79 controls were classified according to iris constitution and the TNFalpha genotype of each individual determined...
2007: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Jia-feng He, Hu-nian Ye, Miao-yuan Ye
In the paper, iridology and computer-aided iridiagnosis technologies are briefly introduced and the extraction method of the collarette contour is then investigated. The iris map can be overlapped on the original iris image based on collarette contour extraction. The research on collarette contour extraction and iris map overlap is of great importance to computer-aided iridiagnosis technologies.
November 2002: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Jae-Young Um, Nyeon-Hyoung An, Gui-Bi Yang, Geon-Mok Lee, Ju-Jang Cho, Jae-Woon Cho, Woo-Jun Hwang, Han-Jung Chae, Hyung-Ryong Kim, Seung-Heon Hong, Hyung-Min Kim
Iridology is the study of the iris of the eye to detect the conditions of the body and its organs, genetic strengths and weaknesses, etc. Although iridology is not widely used as a scientific tool for healthcare professionals to get to the source of people's health conditions, it has been used as a supplementary source to help the diagnosis of medical conditions by noting irregularities of the pigmentation in the iris among some Korean Oriental medical doctors. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism is one of the most well studied genetic markers of vascular disease...
2005: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
G Passalacqua, E Compalati, M Schiappoli, G Senna
The use of Complementary/Alternative Medicines (CAM) is largely diffused and constantly increasing, especially in the field of allergic diseases and asthma. Homeopathy, acupuncture and phytotherapy are the most frequently utilised treatments, whereas complementary diagnostic techniques are mainly used in the field of food allergy-intolerance. Looking at the literature, the majority of clinical trials with CAMS are of low methodological quality, thus difficult to interpret. There are very few studies performed in a rigorously controlled fashion, and those studies provided inconclusive results...
March 2005: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Karsten Münstedt, Samer El-Safadi, Friedel Brück, Marek Zygmunt, Andreas Hackethal, Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg
OBJECTIVE: This prospective case-control study aimed to investigate the value of iridology as a diagnostic tool in detecting some common cancers. SUBJECTS: One hundred ten (110) subjects were enrolled in the study: 68 subjects had histologically proven cancers of the breast, ovary, uterus, prostate, or colorectum, and 42 were control subjects. METHODS: All subjects were examined by an experienced practitioner of iridology, who was unaware of their gender or medical details...
June 2005: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Samer El-Safadi, Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg, Richard von Georgi, Karsten Münstedt, Friede Brück
BACKGROUND: Dark field microscopy according to Enderlin claims to be able to detect forthcoming or beginning cancer at an early stage through minute abnormalities in the blood. In Germany and the USA, this method is used by an increasing number of physicians and health practitioners (non-medically qualified complementary practitioners), because this easy test seems to give important information about patients' health status. OBJECTIVE: Can dark field microscopy reliably detect cancer? MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the course of a prospective study on iridology, blood samples were drawn for dark field microscopy in 110 patients...
June 2005: Research in Complementary and Natural Classical Medicine
Jae-Young Um, Chung-Yeon Hwang, Woo-Jun Hwang, Sung-Do Kang, Keum-Rok Do, Ju-Jang Cho, Jae-Woon Cho, Sung-Hoon Kim, Tae-Yong Shin, Yun-Kyung Kim, Hyung-Min Kim, Seung-Heon Hong
OBJECTIVE: Iridology is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that involves the diagnosis of medical conditions by noting irregularities of the pigmentation in the iris. Iris constitution has a strong familial aggregation and heredity is implicated. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene polymorphism is one of the most well-studied genetic markers for vascular diseases, including hypertension. In this study, we investigated the relationship between iris constitution and apoE polymorphism in hypertensives...
December 2004: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Jae-Young Um, Keum-Rok Do, Woo-Jun Hwang, Tae-Yong Shin, Chung-Yeon Hwang, Cheorl-Ho Kim, Yun-Kyung Kim, Seung-Heon Hong, Hyung-Min Kim
Iridological constitution has a strong familial aggregation and is implicated in heredity. The aetiology of inflammatory bowel disease is still unknown. However, from genetic epidemiological studies there is considerable evidence that genetic factors are associated with both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. We investigated the relationships between Iridological constitution and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta) gene polymorphism. IL-1beta is a major proinflammatiry cytokine, and the polymorphisms of this gene have been shown to be of importance in a number of diseases...
2004: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
B Niggemann, C Grüber
A considerable body of literature on therapeutic aspects of complementary and alternative medicine has been published in recent years, but little is known on diagnostic procedures. This short review lists complementary and alternative diagnostic procedures for the diagnosis of allergic diseases and presents an assessment of their usefulness for the daily practice. The review of the literature revealed that neither the determination of specific immunoglobulin G-antibodies in serum, the hair-analysis, the cytotoxic test, kinesiology, iridology, or electrodermal testing represent useful tests for the daily practice...
August 2004: Allergy
Mogens Norn
Analysis of the iris has ancient roots, but iridology in its present sense was established by Philippi Meyers in 1670. The discipline was further developed by Ignaz Péczely in 1881 and by Nils Liljequist in 1890. Other studies have been published in Germany, Sweden, Norway, England, France, USA, Australia and elsewhere, and iridology is practiced worldwide. The techniques used are described and the sources of error are mentioned when several photos from the same patient are compared (e.g. the influences of differences in pupil size, magnification and the effect of oblique light)...
2003: Dansk Medicinhistorisk årbog
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