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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737574/is-there-a-role-for-enterohormones-in-the-gastroparesis-of-critically-ill-patients
#1
Carlos A Santacruz, Amanda Quintairos, Claudia Righy, Ilaria A Crippa, Lucio Couto, Virginie Imbault, Mongkolpun Wasineeart, Mathieu De Ryckere, Jean-Charles Preiser
OBJECTIVES: Delayed gastric emptying occurs in critically ill patients and impairs the delivery, digestion, and absorption of enteral feeding. A pathophysiologic role of the enterohormones peptide YY and ghrelin is supported by preclinical data. To compare the circulating plasma levels of peptide YY and ghrelin in control subjects and in critically ill patients, during feeding and fasting, and to search for a correlation with gastric emptying. DESIGN: A prospective observational trial...
July 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737572/european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-and-nutritional-complications-in-children-with-neurological-impairment
#2
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša F Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia, and nutritional comorbidities. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, and dysphagia are also frequent in this population and affect quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in children with neurological impairment...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737568/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737484/the-effect-of-fiber-and-prebiotics-on-children-s-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-microbiome
#4
Carrie A M Wegh, Margriet H C Schoterman, Elaine E Vaughan, Clara Belzer, Marc A Benninga
The bacteria received upon birth are the start of colonization of the approximately 10(14) bacteria that are present in the mature human gastrointestinal tract, better known as the microbiota. The gut microbiota is implicated in gastrointestinal health, nutrient metabolism and benefits such as prevention of infection. Dietary fiber, including prebiotics, escape digestion in the small intestine and reach the colon intact, where they are partially or completely fermented by the gut microbiota. Areas covered: The possible interactions between dietary fiber, prebiotics and microbiota are discussed as well as how this relates to functional gastrointestinal disorders...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737363/-dietary-habits-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-attending-the-abidjan-diabetes-centre
#5
Sassor Odile Purifine Ake-Tano, Franck Kokora Ekou, Yao Eugène Konan, Ekissi Orsot Tetchi, Denise Olga Kpebo, Stéphane Parfait Sable, Félix Aka, Ncho Simplice Dagnan
Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthy lifestyle and dietary conditions play a key role in the control of blood sugar imbalance and cardiovascular complications of diabetes. This study was designed to describe the profile and dietary habits of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Abidjan Diabetes Centre (CADA), and to identify related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study was conducted in 2014 at the CADA. A total of 384 patients were included...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736622/nutrition-and-osteoporosis-prevention-for-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-a-wholefoods-approach
#6
Jennette Higgs, Emma Derbyshire, Kathryn Styles
Osteoporosis is a prevalent and debilitating condition with no signs of subsiding. Rising numbers of people consuming nutrient-poor diets coupled with ageing populations and sedentary lifestyles appear to be the main drivers behind this.While the nutrients calcium and vitamin D have received most attention, there is growing evidence that wholefoods and other micronutrients have roles to play in primary and potentially secondary osteoporosis prevention.Until recently, calcium and vitamin D were regarded as the main nutrients essential to bone health but now there are emerging roles for iron, copper and selenium, among others...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736506/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#7
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735575/negotiating-the-complexities-of-exocrine-and-endocrine-dysfunction-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#8
Sinead N Duggan
Chronic pancreatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterised by irreversible morphological change and typically causing pain and/or permanent loss of function. This progressive, irreversible disease results in destruction of healthy pancreatic tissue and the development of fibrous scar tissue. Gradual loss of exocrine and endocrine function follows, along with clinical manifestations such as steatorrhoea, abdominal pain and diabetes. Nutrition in chronic pancreatitis has been described as a problem area and, until recently, there was little research on the topic...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734721/factors-influencing-survival-of-patients-with-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-and-synchronous-liver-metastases-receiving-palliative-care
#9
Huaqiang Ouyang, Weidong Ma, Fang Liu, Zhensong Yue, Minghui Fang, Manman Quan, Zhanyu Pan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and synchronous liver metastases (PACLM) have an extremely limited life expectancy. We performed a single-center analysis to explore the clinical results and prognostic factors of patients with PACLM receiving palliative care. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 189 patients undergoing palliative care at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital over a 15-year period. Clinical characteristics, survival condition, and factors associated with survival were analyzed...
July 8, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733388/improving-plant-nitrogen-use-efficiency-through-alteration-of-amino-acid-transport-processes
#10
Molly Perchlik, Mechthild Tegeder
Improving the efficiency of nitrogen (N) uptake and utilization in plants could potentially increase crop yields, while reducing N fertilization and, subsequently, environmental pollution. Within most plants, N is primarily transported as amino acids. In this study, pea plants overexpressing amino acid permease1 (AAP1) were used to determine if and how genetic manipulation of amino acid transport from source-to-sink affects plant N use efficiency. The modified plants were grown under low, moderate or high N fertilization regimes...
July 21, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732542/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
July 21, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731942/geriatric-assessment-and-tools-for-predicting-treatment-toxicity-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#12
Daneng Li, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Arti Hurria
Cancer is a disease of older adults, and the majority of new cancer cases and deaths occur in people 65 years or older. However, fewer data are available regarding the risks and benefits of cancer treatment in older adults, and commonly used assessments in oncology fail to adequately evaluate factors that affect treatment efficacy and outcomes in the older patients. The geriatric assessment is a multidisciplinary evaluation that provides detailed information about a patient's functional status, comorbidities, psychological state, social support, nutritional status, and cognitive function...
July 2017: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731922/a-novel-g-55040074delt-in-alas2-gene-resulting-in-a-monomeric-protein-and-severe-sideroblastic-anemia-phenotype
#13
Prateek Bhatia, Aditya Singh, Avani Hedge
Sideroblastic anemias are a rare group of disorders resulting from defective iron incorporation during heme synthesis and hence characterized by anemia and presence of ringed sideroblasts in bone marrow. The most common form is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in ALAS2 gene. In the current paper, a case of X-linked sideroblastic anemia caused by a novel homozygous deletional mutation in exon 10 of ALAS2 gene is presented. The female infant developed moderately severe anemia at 6 months of age, which did not improve despite adequate nutritional support...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#14
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731557/data-mining-potential-applications-in-research-on-nutrition-and-health
#15
Marijka Batterham, Elizabeth Neale, Allison Martin, Linda Tapsell
AIM: Data mining enables further insights from nutrition-related research, but caution is required. The aim of this analysis was to demonstrate and compare the utility of data mining methods in classifying a categorical outcome derived from a nutrition-related intervention. METHODS: Baseline data (23 variables, 8 categorical) on participants (n = 295) in an intervention trial were used to classify participants in terms of meeting the criteria of achieving 10 000 steps per day...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731556/dietetic-management-of-gestational-diabetes-in-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Robyn L Lawrence, Clare R Wall, Frank H Bloomfield, Caroline A Crowther
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietetic practice in the management of gestational diabetes in New Zealand, compare this with evidence-based guidelines and determine the need for New Zealand-specific evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines for gestational diabetes. METHODS: A 64-item cross-sectional online survey of New Zealand-registered dietitians providing care to women with gestational diabetes was undertaken. Participants were recruited through Dietitians New Zealand, District Health Boards and private practices across New Zealand...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731549/development-and-validation-of-the-dietetic-confidence-scale-for-working-with-clients-experiencing-psychological-issues
#17
Kerryn Buttenshaw, Susan Ash, Jane Shakespeare-Finch
AIM: A standardised tool was needed to measure a generalist dietitian's confidence about working with clients experiencing psychological issues in order to effectively evaluate mental health-related professional development activities. The aim of this study was to develop, pilot and validate a robust instrument that measures a generalist dietitian's professional confidence for working with clients experiencing psychological issues. METHODS: The Dietetic Confidence Scale (DCS) was developed...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730776/institutional-variations-in-nutritional-aspects-of-enhanced-recovery-pathways-after-elective-surgery-for-colon-cancer
#18
Fotios Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Edward Rawstorne, Charalampos Seretis
PURPOSE: Perioperative nutritional optimisation is one of the key aspects of the Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway after elective colorectal cancer resections. Despite the general acceptance of ERAS as a safe and cost-effective perioperative care bundle, significant variations in terms of nutritional support exist among colorectal units. METHODS: To assess these variations, we performed a cross-sectional online survey among colorectal surgical residents within a UK region...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#19
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#20
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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