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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743181/feasibility-and-safety-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-using-5-fluorouracil-combined-with-cisplatin-and-mitomycin-c-in-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer
#1
Satoshi Murata, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Naitoh, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Sachiko Kaida, Tomoharu Shimizu, Hisanori Shiomi, Shigeyuki Naka, Tohru Tani, Masaji Tani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a dose-finding study for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) administered with cisplatin (CDDP) and mitomycin C (MMC) to find an improved regimen for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The appropriate HIPEC regimen previously determined in vitro was 5-FU (200 µg/mL), MMC (2 µg/mL), and CDDP (10 µg/mL) at hyperthermic conditions (42°C) for 30 min. This was a clinical study to determine the recommended dose of 5-FU in combination with MMC and CDDP at 42°C for 30 min and to evaluate HIPEC safety in patients at high risk of developing peritoneal metastases following GC surgery...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742292/effects-of-a-course-of-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-venlafaxine-on-insomnia-symptoms-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#2
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medications have a variety of effects on sleep, apart from their antidepressant effects. It is unknown whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has effects on perceived sleep in depressed patients. This secondary analysis examines the effects of ECT on perceived sleep, separate from its antidepressant effects. METHODS: Elderly patients with major depressive disorder, as defined by DSM-IV, received open-label high-dose, right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with venlafaxine, as part of participating in phase 1 of the National Institute of Mental Health-supported study Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742263/progesterone-receptor-modulators-for-endometriosis
#3
REVIEW
Jing Fu, Hao Song, Min Zhou, Huili Zhu, Yuhe Wang, Hengxi Chen, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) outside the uterine cavity. This condition is oestrogen-dependent and thus is seen primarily during the reproductive years. Owing to their antiproliferative effects in the endometrium, progesterone receptor modulators (PRMs) have been advocated for treatment of endometriosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of PRMs primarily in terms of pain relief as compared with other treatments or placebo or no treatment in women of reproductive age with endometriosis...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742061/test-study-of-boron-nitride-as-a-new-detector-material-for-dosimetry-in-high-energy-photon-beams
#4
Daniela Poppinga, Jannik Halbur, Sarah Lemmer, Bjoern Delfs, Dietrich Harder, Hui Khee Looe, Bjoern Poppe
The aim of this test study is to check whether boron nitride (BN) might be applied as a detector material in high energy photon-beam dosimetry. Boron nitride is a compound of boron and nitrogen and exists in various crystalline forms. Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) possesses high mobility of the electrons and holes as well as a high volume resistivity, so that ionizing radiation in the clinical range of the dose rate can be expected to produce a measurable electrical current at low background current. Due to the low atomic numbers of its atomic constituents, its density (2...
July 25, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741573/novel-radiation-dose-reduction-fluoroscopic-technology-facilitates-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#5
Stephen Balter, Matthew Brinkman, Sanjog Kalra, Tamim Nazif, Manish Parikh, Ajay J Kirtane, Jeffrey Moses, Martin B Leon, Angeli Feri, Philip Green, Ziad A Ali, Ming Liao, Dimitrios Karmpaliotis
AIMS: Radiation exposure and prolonged procedure time continue to limit the complexity of CTO-PCI procedures attempted. This study aimed assess the impact of radiation-dose-limiting equipment on radiation dosage and fluoroscopic time in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective clinical and dosimetric data from diagnostic catheterizations (DXC) and CTO-PCI procedures performed on one of three variants of interventional fluoroscopic equipment were collected...
July 25, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740933/18f-fdg-pet-response-and-clinical-outcomes-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-metastatic-melanoma
#6
Ryan S Youland, Ann T Packard, Miran J Blanchard, Andrea L Arnett, Gregory A Wiseman, Lisa A Kottschade, Roxana S Dronca, Svetomir N Markovic, Kenneth R Olivier, Sean S Park
BACKGROUND: Clinical data that support stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) metastatic malignant melanoma (MM) are limited. Furthermore, functional imaging with 18F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) may offer a more accurate post-SBRT assessment. Therefore, we assessed the clinical outcomes and metabolic response of metastatic MM after SBRT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with MM who were treated with SBRT and had pre- and post-PET scans (>1) were included in this study...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740926/intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-treatment-technique-and-outcomes
#7
Yuan James Rao, Anupama Chundury, Julie K Schwarz, Comron Hassanzadeh, Todd DeWees, Daniel Mullen, Matthew A Powell, David G Mutch, Perry W Grigsby
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present the treatment technique and evaluate clinical outcomes after intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for vulvar cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This retrospective study included 39 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva treated with IMRT from 2005 to 2015. There were 21 patients treated with postoperative IMRT, 13 with definitive IMRT, and 5 with preoperative IMRT. Tumor staging was Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I in 6, stage II in 7, stage III in 19, and stage IV in 7 patients...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740903/hypofractionated-image-guided-radiation-therapy-followed-by-prostate-seed-implant-boost-for-men-with-newly-diagnosed-intermediate-and-high-risk-adenocarcinoma-of-the-prostate-preliminary-results-of-a-phase-2-prospective-study
#8
Steven Gresswell, Rodney E Wegner, Day Werts, Ralph Miller, Russell Fuhrer
PURPOSE: A phase 2 protocol was designed and implemented to assess the toxicity and efficacy of hypofractionated image guided intensity modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) combined with low-dose rate (103)Pd prostate seed implant for treatment of localized intermediate- and high-risk adenocarcinoma of the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a report of an interim analysis on 24 patients enrolled on an institutional review board-approved phase 2 single-institution study of patients with intermediate- and high-risk adenocarcinoma of the prostate...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740630/safety-and-effect-of-high-dose-allopurinol-in-patients-with-severe-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#9
Mohammad Mostafa Ansari-Ramandi, Majid Maleki, Azin Alizadehasl, Ahmad Amin, Sepideh Taghavi, Mohammad Javad Alemzadeh-Ansari, Ali Kazem Moussavi, Nasim Naderi
Introduction: Allopurinol used in the treatment of gout has been shown to improve the vascular endothelial dysfunction and reduce the dysfunction of the failing heart. This study was done to evaluate the effect and safety of allopurinol in non-hyperuricemic patients with chronic severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Methods: In this study, 35 consecutive cases of non-hyperuricemic patients with chronic heart failure who had severe LV systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction of less than 35%) and were on optimal guideline directed medical therapies for at least 3 months were included...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740453/clinical-outcomes-of-130-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-lung-tumors-treated-with-cyberknife-robotic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#10
Zsolt Levente Janvary, Nicolas Jansen, Veronique Baart, Magali Devillers, David Dechambre, Eric Lenaerts, Laurence Seidel, Nicole Barthelemy, Patrick Berkovic, Akos Gulyban, Ferenc Lakosi, Zsolt Horvath, Philippe A Coucke
BACKGROUND: Authors report clinical outcomes of patients treated with robotic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for primary, recurrent and metastatic lung lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 130 patients with 160 lesions were treated with Cyberknife SBRT, including T1-3 primary lung cancers (54%), recurrent tumors (22%) and pulmonary metastases (24%). The mean biologically equivalent dose (BED10Gy) was 151 Gy (72-180 Gy). Median prescribed dose for peripheral and central lesions was 3×20 Gy and 3×15 Gy, respectively...
June 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739776/phase-ii-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-high-dose-pemetrexed-in-combination-with-cisplatin-versus-temozolomide-for-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-brain-metastases
#11
Qiaowei He, Xizhuang Bi, Chao Ren, Yong Wang, Peng Zou, Hongtao Zhang, Nan Chi, Chunming Xiu, Yunbo Wang, Rongjie Tao
The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of high-dose pemetrexed with cisplatin versus combination with temozolomide in patients with brain metastases (BM) of lung adenocarcinoma. After standard whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT, 30 Gy/10 fractions), patients with BM of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were given high-dose pemetrexed (900 mg/m(2)) on day 1 of each cycle (3 weeks), and cisplatin was administered on days 1-3 in the cisplatin-treated group. The temozolomide-treated group was treated as follows: 75 mg/m(2) temozolomide orally with concurrent WBRT followed by 150 mg/m(2) temozolomide on days 1-5 with high-dose pemetrexed (900 mg/m(2)) on day 1 of each cycle (3 weeks)...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739159/lung-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-very-elderly-%C3%A2-80years-old-extremely-safe-and-effective
#12
Paul Kreinbrink, Philip Blumenfeld, George Tolekidis, Neilayan Sen, David Sher, Gaurav Marwaha
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the standard of care in medically inoperable patients. In very elderly patients, previous studies have shown SBRT to offer excellent local control, though with higher toxicities than in younger populations. We report our institutional experience using SBRT in the definitive management of NSCLC in patients ≥80years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an IRB-approved registry of 158 patients treated with definitive-intent lung SBRT for early-stage NSCLC at our institution between 2010 and 2016, 31 consecutively treated patients ≥80years of age were identified...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738876/enterolactone-has-stronger-effects-than-enterodiol-on-ovarian-cancer
#13
Huidi Liu, Jianrui Liu, Siwen Wang, Zheng Zeng, Ting Li, Yongfang Liu, Emilio Mastriani, Qing-Hai Li, Hong-Xia Bao, Yu-Jie Zhou, Xiaoyu Wang, Sijing Hu, Shan Gao, Yingying Qi, Zhihang Shen, Hongyue Wang, Miao Yu, Tingting Gao, Randal N Johnston, Shu-Lin Liu
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is one of the three leading gynecological malignancies, characterized by insidious growth, highly frequent metastasis, and quick development of drug resistance. As a result, this disease has low 5-year survival rates. Estrogen receptor inhibitors were commonly used for the treatment, but only 7% to 18% of patients respond to anti-estrogen therapies. Therefore, more effective therapies to inhibit estrogen-related tumors are urgently needed. Recently, phytoestrogens, such as lignans with estrogen-like biological activities, have attracted attention for their potential effects in the prevention or treatment of estrogen-related diseases...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738252/radioactivity-analysis-of-soil-samples-taken-from-the-western-and-northern-shores-of-lake-van-turkey
#14
Halime Kayakökü, Mahmut Doğru
In this study, concentrations of the radioactive isotopes (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K and (137)Cs were measured in soil samples from the shores of Lake Van using a high purity germanium detector. Activity concentrations obtained for these nuclides were compared with world average values. The average (226)Ra, (232)Th and (4)(0)K activity concentrations calculated for the soil samples were higher than the world average values reported by UNSCEAR. The lowest (226)Ra, (232)Th and (4)(0)K activity concentrations were recorded in sample T-1 whereas the highest values were recorded in sample T-11...
July 12, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737843/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Lauren C Heathcote, Brian Anderson, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for persisting pain in children acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737625/a-national-seroepidemiologic-survey-of-pertussis-among-school-children-in-taiwan
#16
Chun-Yi Lu, Hsing-Chen Tsai, Yhu-Chering Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Ching-Chuan Liu, Li-Min Huang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, a booster dose of acellular pertussis vaccine for children at or before entry to elementary school was added to the national immunization program in Taiwan, which includes pertussis vaccination at 2, 4, 6, and 18 months of age. In 2013, a study to assess the level of humoral immunity against pertussis in elementary and junior high school children and adolescents was conducted. METHODS: A multistage stratified systematic sampling method was applied to randomly selected grade 1 to 9 school children for testing...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737468/economic-evaluations-of-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-hib-vaccine-a-systematic-review
#17
Bunchai Chongmelaxme, Maythika Hammanee, Wariya Phooaphirak, Surachai Kotirum, Raymond Hutubessy, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
AIMS: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines but only China and Thailand have not used Hib vaccination in their national immunization programs. This systematic review aimed to update published economic evaluations of Hib vaccinations and to determine factors that potentially affected their cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Searching was performed from the inception until December 2015 using 13 databases: CAB direct; CEA registry; EconLit; EMBASE; E-library; NHSEED; PAHO; POPLINE; PubMed; Redalyc project; RePEc; SciELO and WHOLIS...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737450/initial-characterization-of-the-growth-stimulation-and-heat-shock-induced-adaptive-response-in-developing-lake-whitefish-embryos-after-ionizing-radiation-exposure
#18
Christopher Thome, Charles Mitz, Emily N Hulley, Christopher M Somers, Richard G Manzon, Joanna Y Wilson, Douglas R Boreham
Ionizing radiation is known to effect development during early life stages. Lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) represent a unique model organism for examining such effects. The purpose of this study was to examine how ionizing radiation affects development in lake whitefish embryos and to investigate the presence of an adaptive response induced by heat shock. Acute exposure to (137)Cs gamma rays was administered at five time points corresponding to major developmental stages, with doses ranging from 0...
July 24, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736725/intraoperative-radiation-therapy-a-promising-treatment-modality-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Lara Hilal, Karine A Al Feghali, Paul Ramia, Ibrahim Abu Gheida, Jean-Pierre Obeid, Wassim Jalbout, Bassem Youssef, Fady Geara, Youssef H Zeidan
Every year, almost 62,000 are diagnosed with a head and neck cancer (HNC) and 13,000 will succumb to their disease. In the primary setting, intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) can be used as a boost in select patients in order to optimize local control. Addition of external beam radiation to limited volumes results in improved disease control over surgery and IORT alone. In the recurrent setting, IORT can improve outcomes from salvage surgery especially in patients previously treated with external beam radiation...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736227/association-between-ros-production-swelling-and-the-respirasome-integrity-in-cardiac-mitochondria
#20
Sehwan Jang, Sabzali Javadov
Although mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload and ROS production play a critical role in mitochondria-mediated cell death, a cause-effect relationship between them remains elusive. This study elucidated the crosstalk between mitochondrial swelling, ROS production, and electron transfer chain (ETC) supercomplexes in rat heart mitochondria in response to Ca(2+) and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH), a lipid-soluble organic peroxide. Results showed that ROS production induced by TBH was significantly increased in the presence of Ca(2+) in a dose-dependent manner...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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