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Situational awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649576/you-fill-my-heart-looking-at-one-s-partner-increases-interoceptive-accuracy
#1
Lara Maister, Lilla Hodossy, Manos Tsakiris
The integration of external and internal bodily signals provides a coherent, multisensory experience of one's own body. The ability to accurately detect internal bodily sensations is referred to as interoceptive accuracy (IAcc). Previous studies found that IAcc can be increased when people with low IAcc engage in self-processing such as when looking in the mirror or at a photograph of one's own face. However, the way the self is represented changes depending on the context. Specifically, in social situations, the self is experienced in relation to significant others and not as an isolated individual...
June 2017: Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649449/creating-effective-career-development-programs
#2
Doris McGartland Rubio, Georgeanna F W B Robinson, Janice Gabrilove, Emma A Meagher
This paper is the fourth in a 5-part series that focuses on educating and training the clinical and translational science workforce. The goal of this paper is to delineate components of effective career development programs that go beyond didactic training. All academic health centers with a Clinical and Translational Science Award have a KL2 career development award for junior faculty, and many also have a TL1 training program for predoctoral and postdoctoral fellows. The training across these programs varies, however junior investigators across the United States experience similar challenges...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648763/technical-note-intra-alveolar-morphology-assessed-in-empty-dental-sockets-of-teeth-missing-post-mortem
#3
Lucas Raineri Capeletti, Ademir Franco, Rogério Vieira Reges, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Dental human identification relies on distinctive traits detected and compared between ante-mortem (AM) and post-mortem (PM) data. Several distinctive traits may be found in dental roots, such as dilacerations and bifurcations. However, teeth are often dislodged during the manipulation of skeletal remains, charred bodies and bodies retrieved from water. In these situations the identification process is hampered. The present study aims to retrieve information of teeth missing PM through the investigation of intra-alveolar morphology in empty dental sockets using different dental impression materials...
June 15, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648196/-support-for-addictive-behaviour-among-nursing-staff
#4
Isabelle Chavignaud, Geneviève Lafaye
For the last 10 years the FIDES mission has promoted an addiction prevention policy within the Paris public hospitals group. It raises awareness among all hospital staff, provides the health professionals concerned access to comprehensive training in identifying addictive behaviour, offers support for all difficult situations and carries out studies into substance use practices.
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646851/development-of-an-education-campaign-to-reduce-delays-in-pre-hospital-response-to-stroke
#5
Caterina Caminiti, Peter Schulz, Barbara Marcomini, Elisa Iezzi, Silvia Riva, Umberto Scoditti, Andrea Zini, Giovanni Malferrari, Maria Luisa Zedde, Donata Guidetti, Enrico Montanari, Mario Baratti, Licia Denti
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews call for well-designed trials with clearly described intervention components to support the effectiveness of educational campaigns to reduce patient delay in stroke presentation. We herein describe the systematic development process of a campaign aimed to increase stroke awareness and preparedness. METHODS: Campaign development followed Intervention Mapping (IM), a theory- and evidence-based tool, and was articulated in two phases: needs assessment and intervention development...
June 24, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643900/exploring-perspectives-of-young-onset-dementia-caregivers-with-high-versus-low-unmet-needs
#6
Joany K Millenaar, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Alexander Kurz, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Research to Assess Policies and Strategies for Dementia in the Young project. Information about specific needs in young onset dementia (YOD) will provide the basis for the development of an e-health intervention to assist caregivers in coping with YOD in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the issues caregivers of people with YOD face. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse interviews with YOD caregivers...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639344/intensive-care-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-obese-intensive-care-patients-a-hermeneutic-study
#7
Nastasja Robstad, Ulrika Söderhamn, Liv Fegran
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To obtain a deeper understanding of qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care. BACKGROUND: Admission of obese patients with complex health care needs to intensive care units is increasing. Caring for obese critically ill patients can be challenging and demanding for the intensive care nurse because of the patients' weight, critical situation, and physical challenges. There is a gap in knowledge at present about qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care units...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638516/a-professionalism-curricular-model-to-promote-transformative-learning-among-residents
#8
Cecile M Foshee, Ali Mehdi, S Beth Bierer, Elias I Traboulsi, J Harry Isaacson, Abby Spencer, Cassandra Calabrese, Brian B Burkey
BACKGROUND: Using the frameworks of transformational learning and situated learning theory, we developed a technology-enhanced professionalism curricular model to build a learning community aimed at promoting residents' self-reflection and self-awareness. The RAPR model had 4 components: (1) Recognize: elicit awareness; (2) Appreciate: question assumptions and take multiple perspectives; (3) Practice: try new/changed perspectives; and (4) Reflect: articulate implications of transformed views on future actions...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637091/nurse-managers-determinants-and-behaviours-in-relation-to-patient-and-visitor-aggression-in-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#9
Birgit Heckemann, Karin A Peter, Ruud Jg Halfens, Jos Mga Schols, Gerjo Kok, Sabine Hahn
AIM: 'To explore nurse managers' behaviours, attitudes, perceived social norms and behavioural control in the prevention and management of patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals. BACKGROUND: Patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals is a global problem that incurs substantial human suffering and organizational cost. Managers are key persons for creating low-aggression environments, yet their role and behaviour in reducing patient and visitor aggression remains unexplored...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635574/-it-is-all-about-the-form-adrenaline-in-anaphylaxis-intravenous-or-intramuscular-administration
#10
M van der Have, D Dekker, E M J Theunissen, C Snijders, K A H Kaasjager
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are a frequent problem in the accident and emergency (A&E) department. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old boy was referred to our A&E department with an anaphylactic reaction to peanuts. Because of various shortcomings in the care process in A&E, adrenaline was administered intravenously instead of intramuscularly, resulting in a broad complex tachycardia. We analysed these shortcomings using the 'Prevention and recovery information system for monitoring and analysis' (PRISMA) method...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#11
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#12
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628149/-present-situation-of-awareness-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-knowledge-and-aids-related-behaviors-among-youth-students-in-gay-dating-sites
#13
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and AIDS-related behaviors among youth students in gay dating sites, and to provide evidences for AIDS prevention education through the internet. METHODS: The students in gay dating sites, selected by a snowball sampling, were interviewed by questionnaires. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the awareness of AIDS knowledge among the students of different characteristics...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625197/do-not-confuse-multidisciplinary-task-management-in-nursing-homes-with-interprofessional-care
#15
Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sibyl Anthierens, Olaf Timmermans, Steven Truijen, Herman Meulemans, Paul Van Royen
Problem statement Little is known about how interprofessional healthcare providers in nursing homes work together. We know that interprofessional teamwork evolves from trial and error learning and so interprofessional collaboration has to be actively taught. This study aims to gain insights in the perception of professionals towards interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes and the factors that have an impact on interprofessional collaboration. Approach A qualitative descriptive methodology using focus group interviews and additional semi-structured interviews was performed...
June 19, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618912/hypertension-overly-important-but-under-controlled
#16
Monique Eam van Kleef, Wilko Spiering
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite increased knowledge of its importance in cardiovascular disease, the worldwide prevalence is still increasing and there is considerable scope for improvement of awareness, treatment and control. In this review, five major issues in hypertension management in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease will be outlined. The first two issues will address hypertension diagnosis: out-of-office blood pressure measurements and the detection of secondary hypertension...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#17
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617652/a-comparative-evaluation-of-in-vehicle-side-view-displays-layouts-in-critical-lane-changing-situation
#18
Donghyun Beck, Minho Lee, Woojin Park
This study conducted a driving simulator experiment to comparatively evaluate three in-vehicle side-view displays layouts for camera monitor systems (CMS) and the traditional side-view mirror arrangement. The three layouts placed two electronic side-view displays near the traditional mirrors positions, on the dashboard at each side of the steering wheel and on the centre fascia with the two displays joined side-by-side, respectively. Twenty-two participants performed a time- and safety-critical driving task that required rapidly gaining situation awareness through the side-view displays/mirrors and making a lane change to avoid collision...
June 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617263/vaccine-hesitancy-parental-professional-and-public-responsibility
#19
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Adele Anna Teleman, Davide Maged, Walter Ricciardi
The opposition to vaccinations is a well-known phenomenon that dates back to the Victorian age when it was self-limited by the awareness of the importance to be protected against fearsome infectious diseases. In the XX century, the mass use of vaccination has - instead - consented to eradicate or drastically reduce the burden of diseases such as smallpox and polio. These positive effects of the vaccination campaigns have blurred out, if not erased, the memory of the tragic consequences of the past's widespread diseases, leading people to underestimate the severity of the harm that vaccinations prevent...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616160/cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-primary-care-clinics-more-holes-than-cheese-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-physicians-regarding-resuscitation
#20
Sharon Einav, Oren Wacht, Nechama Kaufman, Eliezer Alkalay
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing pre-arrest symptoms may first refer to their primary care physician. The study's aim was to determine the likelihood that a patient undergoing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will receive appropriate resuscitation efforts in a primary care clinic in a country with a directive that clinics maintain resuscitation equipment and physicians undergo periodic resuscitation training. METHODS: An anonymous, 23-question online cross-sectional survey was created and administered to primary care physicians working in community clinics (10/1/2015-5/3/2015)...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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