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Situational awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212684/the-renape-observational-registry-rationale-and-framework-of-the-rare-peritoneal-tumors-french-patient-registry
#1
L Villeneuve, G Passot, O Glehen, S Isaac, F Bibeau, P Rousset, F N Gilly
BACKGROUND: Rare peritoneal cancers represent complex clinical situations requiring a specific and multidisciplinary management. Because of their rarity, lack of awareness and knowledge often leads to diagnostic delays and misdiagnosis. And patients are not systematically referred to expert centers as they should be. Clinicians and researchers also face unique challenges with these rare cancers, because it is hard to conduct adequately powered, controlled trials in such small patient population...
February 17, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209605/do-failures-in-non-technical-skills-contribute-to-fatal-medical-accidents-in-japan-a-review-of-the-2010-2013-national-accident-reports
#2
Masashi Uramatsu, Yoshikazu Fujisawa, Shinya Mizuno, Takahiro Souma, Akinori Komatsubara, Tamotsu Miki
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify how large a proportion of fatal medical accidents can be considered to be caused by poor non-technical skills, and to support development of a policy to reduce number of such accidents by making recommendations about possible training requirements. DESIGN: Summaries of reports of fatal medical accidents, published by the Japan Medical Safety Research Organization, were reviewed individually. Three experienced clinicians and one patient safety expert conducted the reviews to determine the cause of death...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208099/the-impact-of-walking-while-using-a-smartphone-on-pedestrians-awareness-of-roadside-events
#3
Ming-I Brandon Lin, Yu-Ping Huang
Previous studies have shown that using a cell phone to talk or text while walking changes gait kinematics and encourages risky street-crossing behaviors. However, less is known about how the motor-cognitive interference imposed by smartphone tasks affects pedestrians' situational awareness to environmental targets relevant to pedestrian safety. This study systematically investigated the influence of smartphone use on detection of and responses to a variety of roadside events in a semi-virtual walking environment...
February 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202182/implantation-and-extravillous-trophoblast-invasion-from-rare-archival-specimens-to-modern-biobanking
#4
Gerit Moser, Berthold Huppertz
Extravillous trophoblast invasion serves to attach the placenta to the uterus and to enable access to nutrients for the embryo throughout pregnancy - secretions of the uterine glands in the first trimester, maternal blood in the second and third trimester. For assessing extravillous trophoblast invasion, histology (in combination with immunohistochemistry) still plays a major role in placental research. This is especially true for the re-assessment of rare archival specimens from early human implantation sites or placenta in utero with the background of recent knowledge which may help to strengthen current hypotheses...
February 8, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193197/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-targeted-at-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-and-their-primary-caregivers-in-jordan
#5
Abd Al-HadiHasan, Patrick Callaghan, Joanne S Lymn
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a serious form of mental illness that often requires long term care. Empirical findings indicate that combining a psycho-educational intervention (PEI) with neuroleptic medication to treat schizophrenia is effective. However, there is little information on the therapeutic mechanism of PEIs. METHODS: A qualitative process evaluation was conducted with a purposive sample of people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS, n = 8) and their Primary Caregivers (PCs, n = 9) who had received PEI as a part of an exploratory randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187881/a-clinical-decision-making-mechanism-for-context-aware-and-patient-specific-remote-monitoring-systems-using-the-correlations-of-multiple-vital-signs
#6
Abdur Rahim Mohammad Forkan, Ibrahim Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In home-based context-aware monitoring patient's real-time data of multiple vital signs (e.g. heart rate, blood pressure) are continuously generated from wearable sensors. The changes in such vital parameters are highly correlated. They are also patient-centric and can be either recurrent or can fluctuate. The objective of this study is to develop an intelligent method for personalized monitoring and clinical decision support through early estimation of patient-specific vital sign values, and prediction of anomalies using the interrelation among multiple vital signs...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178955/the-management-of-the-faeces-passed-by-under-five-children-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-research-in-an-urban-community-in-southwest-nigeria
#7
Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola, Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde
BACKGROUND: Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the misconception that it is harmless. This research, therefore, studied the situation, to determine the magnitude and dimensions of the problem aimed at making policy level stakeholders aware of child faeces management systems and so, inform evidence-based implementation of child and health-related programmes in Nigeria...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178189/augmented-reality-tool-for-the-situational-awareness-improvement-of-uav-operators
#8
Susana Ruano, Carlos Cuevas, Guillermo Gallego, Narciso García
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are being extensively used nowadays. Therefore, pilots of traditional aerial platforms should adapt their skills to operate them from a Ground Control Station (GCS). Common GCSs provide information in separate screens: one presents the video stream while the other displays information about the mission plan and information coming from other sensors. To avoid the burden of fusing information displayed in the two screens, an Augmented Reality (AR) tool is proposed in this paper...
February 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#9
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173885/cultural-influences-upon-advance-care-planning-in-a-family-centric-society
#10
Keson Tay, Rachel Jia Yu Lee, Shin Wei Sim, Sumytra Menon, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna
OBJECTIVE: Advanced care plans (ACPs) are designed to convey the wishes of patients with regards to their care in the event of incapacity. There are a number of prerequisites for creation of an effective ACP. First, the patient must be aware of their condition, their prognosis, the likely trajectory of the illness, and the potential treatment options available to them. Second, patient input into ACP must be free of any coercive factors. Third, the patient must be able to remain involved in adapting their ACP as their condition evolves...
February 8, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167999/informatics-metrics-and-measures-for-a-smart-public-health-systems-approach-information-science-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Timothy Jay Carney, Christopher Michael Shea
Public health informatics is an evolving domain in which practices constantly change to meet the demands of a highly complex public health and healthcare delivery system. Given the emergence of various concepts, such as learning health systems, smart health systems, and adaptive complex health systems, health informatics professionals would benefit from a common set of measures and capabilities to inform our modeling, measuring, and managing of health system "smartness." Here, we introduce the concepts of organizational complexity, problem/issue complexity, and situational awareness as three codependent drivers of smart public health systems characteristics...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166888/how-much-time-do-drivers-need-to-obtain-situation-awareness-a-laboratory-based-study-of-automated-driving
#12
Zhenji Lu, Xander Coster, Joost de Winter
Drivers of automated cars may occasionally need to take back manual control after a period of inattentiveness. At present, it is unknown how long it takes to build up situation awareness of a traffic situation. In this study, 34 participants were presented with animated video clips of traffic situations on a three-lane road, from an egocentric viewpoint on a monitor equipped with eye tracker. Each participant viewed 24 videos of different durations (1, 3, 7, 9, 12, or 20 s). After each video, participants reproduced the end of the video by placing cars in a top-down view, and indicated the relative speeds of the placed cars with respect to the ego-vehicle...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166872/investigating-the-impact-of-static-roadside-advertising-on-drivers-situation-awareness
#13
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, David B Logan, Michael G Lenné
Roadside advertising has the potential to create a crash risk for drivers as it may distract attention from driving at critical times. In an on-road instrumented vehicle study, we examined if and how static advertising billboards affect drivers' situation awareness across different driving environments. Nineteen fully licensed drivers drove an instrumented vehicle around a 38 km urban test route comprising freeway, busy urban retail and arterial road sections. The route contained a number of static billboards...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#14
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163880/energetics-in-robotic-flight-at-small-scales
#15
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karydis, Vijay Kumar
Recent advances in design, sensing and control have led to aerial robots that offer great promise in a range of real-world applications. However, one critical open question centres on how to improve the energetic efficiency of aerial robots so that they can be useful in practical situations. This review paper provides a survey on small-scale aerial robots (i.e. less than 1 m(2) area foot print, and less than 3 kg weight) from the point of view of energetics. The paper discusses methods to improve the efficiency of aerial vehicles, and reports on recent findings by the authors and other groups on modelling the impact of aerodynamics for the purpose of building energy-aware motion planners and controllers...
February 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163712/seedusoon-a-new-software-program-to-improve-seed-stock-management-and-plant-line-exchanges-between-research-laboratories
#16
Céline Charavay, Stéphane Segard, Nathalie Pochon, Laurent Nussaume, Hélène Javot
Plant research is supported by an ever-growing collection of mutant or transgenic lines. In the past, a typical basic research laboratory would focus on only a few plant lines that were carefully isolated from collections of lines containing random mutations. The subsequent technological breakthrough in high-throughput sequencing, combined with novel and highly efficient mutagenesis techniques (including site-directed mutagenesis), has led to a recent exponential growth in plant line collections used by individual researchers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157392/relay-for-life-as-a-storytelling-occasion-building-community-in-the-midst-of-suffering
#17
Melissa Rizzo Weller
In this essay, I reflect on my experiences with Relay for Life (RFL), the American Cancer Society's walking event focused on raising awareness and donations for research and patient support programs. I share stories of relationships built within this context and how those relationships are fostered by storytelling. I also draw on literature that brings to light the neoliberal effects of fundraising for health-related causes. In spite of the consumerism that is inherent in fundraising events such as RFL, those of us affected by cancer benefit from the connections created and nurtured in those spaces...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154812/qivas-therapy-for-treatment-of-implant-associated-mdr-bacterial-infection
#18
Varun Chouhan
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic implant-associated infections are difficult to treat, both physically and psychologically, for the patient and the surgeon as well. Organisms capable of forming biofilms tend to be more virulent and have ability of causing chronic infections. Chronic implant associated infections are very difficult to treat, requires a lot of time, money and other resources. Chronic infections produce a lot of morbidity and sometimes mortality to the patient. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old male treated for bilateral acetabular fracture sustained after fall from height due to an episode of seizure...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154015/potential-ways-to-address-shortage-situations-of-mo-99-tc-99m
#19
Leah Filzen, Lacey Ellingson, Andrew Paulsen, Joseph Hung
: Technetium 99m (Tc-99m) is the most common radioisotope used in nuclear medicine, which is produced in a nuclear reactor from the decay of molybdenum-99 (Mo-99). There are only a few aging nuclear reactors around the world that produce Mo-99 and one of the major contributors, the NRU (National Research Universal, Canada), will cease production on October 31, 2016. The NRU produces approximately 40% of the world's Mo-99 supply, so with its impending shut down, shortages of Mo-99/Tc-99m are expected...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153060/how-to-choose-using-the-delphi-method-to-develop-consensus-triggers-and-indicators-for-disaster-response
#20
Rebecca Lis, Vicki Sakata, Onora Lien
OBJECTIVE: To identify key decisions along the continuum of care (conventional, contingency, and crisis) and the critical triggers and data elements used to inform those decisions concerning public health and health care response during an emergency. METHODS: A classic Delphi method, a consensus-building survey technique, was used with clinicians around Washington State to identify regional triggers and indicators. Additionally, using a modified Delphi method, we combined a workshop and single-round survey with panelists from public health (state and local) and health care coalitions to identify consensus state-level triggers and indicators...
February 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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