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Situational awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912895/risk-management-abilities-in-multimodal-maritime-supply-chains-visibility-and-control-perspectives
#1
Jyri Vilko, Paavo Ritala, Jukka Hallikas
Supply chain complexity and disintegration lead to increased uncertainty from a stakeholders' perspective, which is emerging as one of the major challenges of risk management. The ability to identify risks has weakened, as the responsibility of supply chain risk management is handed over to outside service providers. Regardless, the risks, their visibility and their impact depend on the position of the companies in the supply chain. The actors in the chain must therefore collaborate to create effective risk management conditions...
November 29, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911667/barriers-and-benefits-in-telemedicine-arising-between-a-high-technology-hospital-service-provider-and-remote-public-healthcare-units-a-qualitative-study-in-brazil
#2
Carlos Henrique Amaral de Souza, Renata Albaladejo Morbeck, Milton Steinman, Cora Pereira Hors, Mario Maia Bracco, Elisa H Kozasa, Eliseth Ribeiro Leão
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, the Program for Institutional Development of the Unified Healthcare System (PROADI-SUS) has implemented a telemedicine service for urgent situations and emergencies. It is delivered by a high-technology (HT) hospital to 15 remote healthcare units (RUs) in 11 different Brazilian states. The aim of this study was to investigate possible barriers and benefits in telemedicine service among these units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a qualitative study on the perceptions of physicians involved in telemedicine service in their role as providers and consultants...
December 2, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905654/-conflict-of-interest-disclosure-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-reliability-of-research
#3
Mauricio Soto Subiabre
Conflicts of interest are situations in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest, tends to be influenced by a secondary interest. These conflicts could compromise the reliability of biomedical research and result in the dissemination of biased results. Therefore, it is essential to protect the integrity of them, because this information could be used in the development of health policy, medical education and clinical decision making. Conflicts of interest disclosure, is a bioethical tool that contributes to transparent these conflicts, but it is used inappropriately and insufficiently...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905220/development-of-an-auditory-situation-awareness-test-battery-for-advanced-hearing-protectors-and-tcaps-detection-subtest-of-drilcom-detection-recognition-identification-localization-communication
#4
Kichol Lee, John G Casali
OBJECTIVE: To design a test battery and conduct a proof-of-concept experiment of a test method that can be used to measure the detection performance afforded by military advanced hearing protection devices (HPDs) and tactical communication and protective systems (TCAPS). DESIGN: The detection test was conducted with each of the four loudspeakers located at front, right, rear and left of the participant. Participants wore 2 in-ear-type TCAPS, 1 earmuff-type TCAPS, a passive Combat Arms Earplug in its "open" or pass-through setting and an EB-15LE™ electronic earplug...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899905/effects-of-individual-differences-in-working-memory-on-plan-presentational-choices
#5
Nava Tintarev, Judith Masthoff
This paper addresses research questions that are central to the area of visualization interfaces for decision support: (RQ1) whether individual user differences in working memory should be considered when choosing how to present visualizations; (RQ2) how to present the visualization to support effective decision making and processing; and (RQ3) how to evaluate the effectiveness of presentational choices. These questions are addressed in the context of presenting plans, or sequences of actions, to users. The experiments are conducted in several domains, and the findings are relevant to applications such as semi-autonomous systems in logistics...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897021/-sexual-morbidity-of-cervical-carcinoma-survivors
#6
P Herboltová, A Roztočil
OBJECTIVE: We are aware that patients with cervical carcinoma in the Czech Republic are poorly informed about sexual aspects of their therapy and there is also very poor attention paid to this problem in the Czech literature. Therefore we decided to evaluate the situation in a group of patients from our department using our own questionaire. We compared our results with contemporary world literature. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey, comparison with world literature...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893658/freeze-all-embryo-transfer-awareness-and-acceptance-of-ivf-et-patients-in-china
#7
Yan-Xiu Guo, Yan-Jing Yin, Li Tian
The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness and acceptance of in vitro fertilization pre-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) patients for freeze-all embryo transfer, improve relevant technical specifications, and optimize treatment results based on medical experience.Questionnaires were completed by women who received in vitro fertilization embryo transfer. A total of 377 valid samples were included into this study. Through focus group discussions and tablet assisted intercept interviews, we analyzed the basic situation, the awareness for frozen-all embryo transfer, and the need for frozen-all embryo transfer information for infertile patients...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890141/how-to-assess-driver-s-interaction-with-partially-automated-driving-systems-a-framework-for-early-concept-assessment
#8
Arie P van den Beukel, Mascha C van der Voort
The introduction of partially automated driving systems changes the driving task into supervising the automation with an occasional need to intervene. To develop interface solutions that adequately support drivers in this new role, this study proposes and evaluates an assessment framework that allows designers to evaluate driver-support within relevant real-world scenarios. Aspects identified as requiring assessment in terms of driver-support within the proposed framework are Accident Avoidance, gained Situation Awareness (SA) and Concept Acceptance...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890060/implementing-no-interruption-zones-in-the-perioperative-environment
#9
M Imelda Wright
The perioperative arena is one of the most information-intensive, intricate, and complex work environments in health care, and it depends on sound communication to help ensure patient safety. Surgical procedures require attention, vigilance, and situational awareness. Noise and other distractions have the potential to cause mental lapses, impair thought processes, and divert attention away from tasks, increasing the likelihood of adverse patient events. However, there is no way to eliminate all noise from an OR...
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884621/photoantimicrobials-are-we-afraid-of-the-light
#10
REVIEW
Mark Wainwright, Tim Maisch, Santi Nonell, Kristjan Plaetzer, Adelaide Almeida, George P Tegos, Michael R Hamblin
Although conventional antimicrobial drugs have been viewed as miraculous cure-alls for the past 80 years, increasing antimicrobial drug resistance requires a major and rapid intervention. However, the development of novel but still conventional systemic antimicrobial agents, having only a single mode or site of action, will not alleviate the situation because it is probably only a matter of time until any such agents will also become ineffective. To continue to produce new agents based on this notion is unacceptable, and there is an increasing need for alternative approaches to the problem...
November 21, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882865/community-perceptions-on-domestic-violence-against-pregnant-women-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#11
Kunta Devi Pun, Jennifer J Infanti, Rajendra Koju, Berit Schei, Elisabeth Darj
BACKGROUND: Globally, knowledge of health sector options to respond to domestic violence during pregnancy is increasing, but this topic is under-investigated in Nepal. This gap affects the provision of adequate antenatal care services and understanding of factors that influence women's willingness and ability to use available services. It is critical to know more about the social norms in a community that promote and prevent women experiencing domestic violence from seeking antenatal care...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881968/influences-on-and-measures-of-unintentional-group-synchrony
#12
REVIEW
Melissa Ellamil, Josh Berson, Daniel S Margulies
Many instances of large-scale coordination occur in real-life social situations without the explicit awareness of the individuals involved. While the majority of research to date has examined dyadic interactions - those between two individuals - during intentional or deliberate coordination, the present review surveys the handful of recent studies investigating behavioral and physiological synchrony across groups of more than two people when coordination was not an explicit goal. Both minimal (e.g., visual information, shared location) and naturalistic (e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880777/avian-influenza-risk-surveillance-in-north-america-with-online-media
#13
Colin Robertson, Lauren Yee
The use of Internet-based sources of information for health surveillance applications has increased in recent years, as a greater share of social and media activity happens through online channels. The potential surveillance value in online sources of information about emergent health events include early warning, situational awareness, risk perception and evaluation of health messaging among others. The challenge in harnessing these sources of data is the vast number of potential sources to monitor and developing the tools to translate dynamic unstructured content into actionable information...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877051/living-with-a-sibling-who-suffers-from-an-eating-disorder-a-pilot-interview-study
#14
Carina Callio, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Having a sibling who suffers from an eating disorder (ED) has a profound effect on healthy siblings' own health, quality of life and family relationships, yet siblings have been an excluded group within health care, and there is a lack of knowledge regarding healthy siblings' needs and wishes for information and support. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine adolescents' experiences of living with a sibling who suffers from an ED. METHOD: In this small-scale pilot study, three boys and two girls aged 15-20 years were interviewed, and the interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876390/landscape-changes-traditional-ecological-knowledge-and-future-scenarios-in-the-alps-a-holistic-ecological-approach
#15
Clara Tattoni, Elena Ianni, Davide Geneletti, Paolo Zatelli, Marco Ciolli
In recent decades, a dramatic landscape change has occurred in the European alpine region: open areas have been naturally recolonized by forests as traditional agricultural and forest activities were reduced and reorganized. Land use changes (LUC) are generally measured through GIS and photo interpretation techniques, but despite many studies focused on this phenomenon and its effects on biodiversity and on the environment in general, there is a lack of information about the transformation of the human-environment connection...
November 19, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874189/incapacity-of-the-mind-secondary-to-medication-misuse-as-a-not-criminally-responsible-defense
#16
Sebastien S Prat, Bruno J Losier, Heather M Moulden, Gary A Chaimowitz
The manifestations of disorders of the mind may play a role in the occurrence of criminal behavior. In the majority of the cases, the presence of a psychiatric disorder is cited as the reason that an individual was not fully aware of his behavior. However, other conditions, such as seizure disorders or hypoglycemia, have also been linked to an inability to understand the nature and consequences of one's actions. On occasion, these situations can be explained by a state of automatism that may be described as insane or noninsane...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872033/a-review-of-visual-representations-of-physiologic-data
#17
REVIEW
Rishikesan Kamaleswaran, Carolyn McGregor
BACKGROUND: Physiological data is derived from electrodes attached directly to patients. Modern patient monitors are capable of sampling data at frequencies in the range of several million bits every hour. Hence the potential for cognitive threat arising from information overload and diminished situational awareness becomes increasingly relevant. A systematic review was conducted to identify novel visual representations of physiologic data that address cognitive, analytic, and monitoring requirements in critical care environments...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870540/lyme-disease-in-poland-in-2014
#18
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Irena Chrześcijańska
INTRODUCTION: Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease, caused by spirochetes of the Borrelia genus transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes genus. Infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi occur throughout Poland and therefore, according also to ECDC description, the whole country should be considered as an endemic area. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of Lyme disease in Poland in 2014 in comparison to the previous years...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869654/the-safety-attitudes-of-senior-managers-in-the-chinese-coal-industry
#19
Jiangshi Zhang, Na Chen, Gui Fu, Mingwei Yan, Young-Chan Kim
Introduction: Senior managers' attitudes towards safety are very important regarding the safety practices in an organization. The study is to describe the current situation of senior managers' attitudes towards safety in the Chinese coal industry. Method: We evaluated the changing trends as well as the reasons for these changes in the Chinese coal industry in 2009 and in 2014 with 168 senior manager samples from large Chinese state-owned coal enterprises. Evaluations of 15 safety concepts were performed by means of a questionnaire...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867811/dramatic-mitigation-of-bone-pain-after-phosphorus-replacement-therapy-in-a-subject-with-fgf23-related-hypophosphatemic-osteomalacia
#20
Fuminori Tatsumi, Megumi Horiya, Akihito Tanabe, Momoyo Nishioka, Yoshiro Fushimi, Junpei Sanada, Yurie Hirata, Shintaro Irie, Tomoe Kinoshita, Shinji Kamei, Masashi Shimoda, Tomoatsu Mune, Kohei Kaku, Hideaki Kaneto
INTRODUCTION: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is secreted from bone and suppresses the absorption of phosphorus in renal proximal tubule and in intestinal tract. Therefore, the increase of serum FGF23 levels leads to hypophosphatemic situations. Tumor-induced osteomalacia is often induced by various tumors, but it is often difficult to identify the localization of tumor, because most of the FGF23-producing tumors are small and could be observed in any part of the body. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report a case of elderly female subject with FGF23-related hypophosphatemic osteomalacia who repeatedly experienced severe bone pain and fragility fracture in various parts of the body...
2016: SpringerPlus
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