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Situational awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#1
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421286/-listening-to-music-in-old-age-investigation-of-utilization-and-psychosocial-resources
#2
Thomas Schäfer, Jasmin Riedel
BACKGROUND: Studies with younger participants have shown that listening to music is used to achieve a multitude of positive effects that can be summarized by three fundamental dimensions: self-awareness, social relatedness and regulation of mood and arousal. For the elderly, these effects contain a high potential with respect to alleviation of affective symptoms and enhancement of social participation; however, it is still unclear if the elderly exhibit the same pattern of fundamental uses of listening to music as younger persons and how they evaluate their access to music in different housing situations...
April 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420593/sexual-health-in-the-community-services-for-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#3
Carli Friedman, Aleksa L Owen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is a central dimension of overall health and well-being. People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) continue to experience disparities in healthcare, particularly regarding access to sexual health related services. Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) waivers are ideally situated to provide sexual and reproductive healthcare in accessible settings. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study analyzed national Medicaid HCBS waivers to determine how they provide sexuality services for people with IDD...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417890/fire-safety-for-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-and-surgical-staff
#4
REVIEW
LisaMarie Di Pasquale, Elie M Ferneini
Fire in the operating room is a life-threatening emergency that demands quick, efficient intervention. Because the circumstances surrounding fires are generally well-understood, virtually every operating room fire is preventable. Before every operating room case, thorough preprocedure "time outs" should address each team members' awareness of specific fire risks and agreement regarding fire concerns and emergency actions. Fire prevention centers on 3 constituent parts of the fire triad necessary for fire formation...
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#5
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408163/angioleiomyoma-in-the-posterior-knee-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Raymond Klumpp, Riccardo Compagnoni, Gianluigi Patelli, Carlo Lauro Trevisan
The authors present a case of angioleiomyoma situated in the posterior knee. A 47-year-old Caucasian woman presented in 2011 with recurrent stabbing pain on the lateral aspect of her right knee. She reported having pain for the last 6years. She had no history of trauma. In 2008 she was treated with a diagnostic arthroscopy and transposition of the tibial tuberosity, with no benefit to her symptoms. Electromyography of the lower limbs showed asymmetry of the amplitude of sensitive action potential of the superficial fibular nerve...
April 10, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406406/cervical-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-emerging-and-preventable-disease-associated-with-oncogenic-human-papillomavirus
#7
R S Mboumba Bouassa, T Prazuck, T Lethu, J F Meye, L Bélec
Highly oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are responsible for 7.7 % of cancers in developing countries, mainly cervical cancer. The incidence of this emerging cancer is steadily increasing in sub-Saharan Africa, with more than 75,000 new cases and close to 50,000 deaths a year, a toll further increased by HIV infection. According to the World Health Organization, cervical cancer will kill more than 443,000 women per year worldwide by 2030, nearly 90 % of them in sub-Saharan Africa. This increase in cervical cancer incidence in Africa is now counteracting the progress made by African women in reducing maternal mortality and increasing longevity...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406233/changes-in-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-disadvantaged-french-caribbean-populations-2003-to-2014
#8
P Carrère, N Halbert, S Lamy, J Inamo, A Atallah, T Lang
In 2003, the PHDG (Prevalence of Hypertension among Disadvantaged Guadeloupeans) study highlighted poor management of hypertension in an unemployed French Caribbean population. New processes of health-care coordination and a pay-for-performance system have since been developed. We aimed to assess changes in hypertension characteristics in disadvantaged French Caribbean populations in the last 10 years. Using PHDG 2003 data, in 2014 we undertook a cross-sectional study with identical methods. The source population comprised all Guadeloupeans having undergone periodic heath checks offered by the Social Security insurance at these dates...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405369/game-based-situation-awareness-training-for-child-and-adult-cyclists
#9
Esko Lehtonen, Jasmiina Airaksinen, Kaisa Kanerva, Anna Rissanen, Riikka Ränninranta, Veera Åberg
Safe cycling requires situation awareness (SA), which is the basis for recognizing and anticipating hazards. Children have poorer SA than adults, which may put them at risk. This study investigates whether cyclists' SA can be trained with a video-based learning game. The effect of executive working memory on SA was also studied. Thirty-six children (9-10 years) and 22 adults (21-48 years) played the game. The game had 30 video clips filmed from a cyclist's perspective. Each clip was suddenly masked and two or three locations were presented...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405028/women-s-finger-pressure-sensitivity-at-rest-and-recalled-body-awareness-during-partnered-sexual-activity
#10
R M Costa, José Pestana, David Costa, Marc Wittmann
Greater vibrotactile sensitivity has been related to better erectile function in men, and vibrotactile and pressure tactile sensitivity have been related to better sexual function in women. Our previous study found that, for both sexes, greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlated with greater recalled desire and arousal. Using the same sample of that study (68 women and 48 men, recruited in the Lisbon area, Portugal), we tested if greater recalled body awareness during last sexual relation correlates with tactile pressure sensitivity, as assessed by von Frey microfilaments...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403923/high-abortion-rate-in-martinique-f-w-i-in-spite-of-a-large-contraceptive-availability-what-are-the-determinants
#11
L Vergnaud, J-L Volumenie, C Bonnier
INTRODUCTION: Despite a similar health insurance coverage and access to contraception, Martinique F.W.I. has a higher rate of abortion than continental France (25.6 versus 15.3 per thousand respectively). The reasons are still largely unknown. A different contraceptive pattern, a lower use of emergency contraception in Martinique may be involved. We sought to explore the contraceptive pattern, to evaluate the use of emergency contraception and the reasons leading to an unwanted pregnancy among women seeking for an abortion...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400992/implementation-of-a-software-application-for-presurgical-case-history-review-of-frozen-section-pathology-cases
#12
Andrew P Norgan, Mathew L Okeson, Justin E Juskewitch, Kabeer K Shah, William R Sukov
BACKGROUND: The frozen section pathology practice at Mayo Clinic in Rochester performs ~20,000 intraoperative consultations a year (~70-80/weekday). To prepare for intraoperative consultations, surgical pathology fellows and residents review the case history, previous pathology, and relevant imaging the day before surgery. Before the work described herein, review of pending surgical pathology cases was a paper-based process requiring handwritten transcription from the electronic health record, a laborious and potentially error prone process...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397521/improving-access-to-health-care-in-a-rural-regional-hospital-in-south-africa-why-do-patients-miss-their-appointments
#13
Lucy Frost, Louis S Jenkins, Benjamin Emmink
BACKGROUND: Access to health services is one of the Batho Pele ('people first') values and principles of the South African government since 1997. This necessitated some changes around public service systems, procedures, attitudes and behaviour. The challenges of providing health care to rural geographically spread populations include variations in socio-economic status, transport opportunities, access to appointment information and patient perceptions of costs and benefits of seeking health care...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397508/an-autoimmune-haemolytic-anaemia-secondary-to-ipilimumab-treatment
#14
B Ramos, G Gastal, R K Rovere
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is one of the fastest growing neoplasms worldwide. Treatment of metastatic disease has swiftly shifted in the last decade from generally ineffective chemotherapy regimens to highly effective targeted treatments or immunotherapy, with a range of side effects that differ completely from those of previous treatments for this disease. CASE: We present a case of a 71-year-old man with diagnosis metastatic melanoma. This patient was treated with anti-CTLA-4 antibody ipilimumab...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397505/-current-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients
#15
J Halámková, M Penka
About 20% of patients suffer from venous thromboembolism (VTE) during oncology disease. Active cancer, along with cancer therapy, increases the risk of VTE, especially in the first 6 months after diagnosis. Most often VTE accompanies haematological malignancies and CNS tumours, and gastrointestinal, breast, lung, ovary and uterine cancer. The presence of distant metastases, together with the implantation of a central venous catheter, increases the risk even more. A cancer patient also has a 2-5× higher risk of recurrence of VTE during anticoagulant therapy than patients without a malignancy, as well as a 2-6× higher risk of serious bleeding...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395531/a-transactional-framework-for-pediatric-rehabilitation-shifting-the-focus-to-situated-contexts-transactional-processes-and-adaptive-developmental-outcomes
#16
Gillian King, Christine Imms, Debra Stewart, Matt Freeman, Tram Nguyen
PURPOSE: A paradigm shift is taking place in pediatric rehabilitation research, practice, and policy - a shift towards the real-life contexts of clients rather than requiring clients to navigate the world of pediatric rehabilitation. This article proposes a conceptual framework to bring about a broader awareness of clients' lives and transactional processes of change over the life course. METHOD: The framework draws attention to transactional processes by which individuals, situated in life contexts, change and adapt over the life course and, in turn, influence their contextual settings and broader environments...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395465/-the-investigation-on-the-situation-of-biting-pencils-among-part-pupils-in-harbin-guangzhou-and-beijing
#17
Z Y Xin, X Guo, J Y Chen, H H Liu, F L Chen, H J Li, L Ma, J Cui, Z Wang, Y J Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of biting pencils among pupils living in Harbin, Guangzhou, and Beijing and to compare the differences among these cases. Methods: Stratified sampling method was used to select four elementary schools in Harbin and Guangzhou from April 2015 to April 2016. Firstly, Simple random sampling method was used in every grade (grade 1-grade 5) to select 3 or 4 classes (71 classes in total).After the sample selection, questionnaire surveys were conducted among pupils and their guardians (anyone of their guardians) who belonged to these classes...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395308/evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-reduce-stressful-trunk-postures-in-the-nursing-professions-a-pilot-study
#18
Agnessa Kozak, Sonja Freitag, Albert Nienhaus
Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. Methods: A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany. The Computer-Assisted Recording and Long-Term Analysis of Musculoskeletal Loads (CUELA) measurement system was used to evaluate all movements and trunk postures adopted during work before and 6 months after the training program...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394303/hazards-in-motion-development-of-mobile-geofences-for-use-in-logging-safety
#19
Eloise G Zimbelman, Robert F Keefe, Eva K Strand, Crystal A Kolden, Ann M Wempe
Logging is one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States. Real-time positioning that uses global navigation satellite system (GNSS) technology paired with radio frequency transmission (GNSS-RF) has the potential to reduce fatal and non-fatal accidents on logging operations through the use of geofences that define safe work areas. Until recently, most geofences have been static boundaries. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors affecting mobile geofence accuracy in order to determine whether virtual safety zones around moving ground workers or equipment are a viable option for improving situational awareness on active timber sales...
April 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384893/a-study-on-gender-preference-and-awareness-regarding-prenatal-sex-determination-among-antenatal-women-in-a-rural-area-of-darjeeling-district-west-bengal-india
#20
Archak Roy, Romy Biswas
INTRODUCTION: Sex ratio is one of the major indicators to find the gender preferences in the community. Change in sex ratio reflects underlying socioeconomic, cultural patterns of a society. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to find out the knowledge of antenatal women regarding the prenatal sex determination and the Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act in a rural area along with assessing the gender preference in family among the study population...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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