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Harbinder Singh, Jatinder V Singh, Manish K Gupta, Ajit K Saxena, Sahil Sharma, Kunal Nepali, Preet Mohinder S Bedi
In an attempt to develop potent anti-tubulin agents against most dreadful disease cancer, a library of 28 novel triazole tethered isatin-coumarin hybrids were synthesized by click chemistry approach. Synthesized hybrids were characterized and evaluated against a panel of human cancer cell lines viz. THP-1, COLO-205, HCT-116 and PC-3. Biological assay unveiled that, compounds A-1 to A-6, B-1 to B-4 and C-1 to C-3 displayed significant inhibitory potential against THP-1, COLO-205 and HCT-116 cell lines which were more sensitive towards the designed hybrids...
July 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Chunfeng Chen, Chunlei Lv, Jianfeng Liang, Jianqing Jin, Lijun Wang, Chunlei Wu, Runpu Shen
A simple and efficient method for the synthesis of spiro[indoline-3,9'-xanthene]trione derivatives by means of condensation between isatins and 1,3-cyclohexanedione in the presence of a catalytic amount of magnesium perchlorate at 80 °C in 50% aqueous ethanol medium has been described. Notably, the present method offers desirable advantages of good yields, simplicity of workup procedure, easy purification, and reduced reaction times.
August 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fatima Iftikhar, Yousaf Ali, Farooq Ahmad Kiani, Syed Fahad Hassan, Tabeer Fatima, Ajmal Khan, Basit Niaz, Abbas Hassan, Farzana Latif Ansari, Umer Rashid
In our previous report, we have identified 3,4-dihydropyrimidine scaffold as promising class of urease inhibitor in a structure based virtual screen (SBVS) experiment. In present study, we attempted to optimize the scaffold by varying C-5 substituent. The elongation of the C-5 chain was achieved by the reaction of C-5 ester with hydrazine leading to C-5 carbohydrazides which were further used as building blocks for the synthesis of fifteen new compounds having diverse moieties. A significantly higher in vitro urease inhibitory activity with IC50 values in submicromolar range was observed for semithiocarbazide derivatives (4a-c, 0...
July 19, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Mohamed I Attia, Wagdy M Eldehna, Samar A Afifi, Adam B Keeton, Gary A Piazza, Hatem A Abdel-Aziz
The synthesis and molecular characterization of new isatin-based hydrazonoindolin-2-ones 4a-o and 7a-e are reported. The in vitro anti-proliferative potential of the synthesized compounds 4a-o and 7a-e was examined against HT-29 (colon), ZR-75 (breast) and A549 (lung) human cancer cell lines. Compounds 7b, 7d and 7e were the most active congeners against the tested human cancer cell lines with average IC50 values of 4.77, 3.39 and 2.37 μM, respectively, as compared with the reference isatin-based drug, sunitinib, which exhibited an average IC50 value of 8...
2017: PloS One
Manoela Viar Fogaça, Priscila de Matos Cândido-Bacani, Lucas Milanez Benicio, Lara Martinelli Zapata, Priscilla de Freitas Cardoso, Marcelo Tempesta de Oliveira, Tamara Regina Calvo, Eliana Aparecida Varanda, Wagner Vilegas, Ilce Mara de Syllos Cólus
CONTEXT: Indigofera suffruticosa Miller (Fabaceae) and I. truxillensis Kunth produce compounds, such as isatin (ISA) and indirubin (IRN), which possess antitumour properties. Their effects in mammalian cells are still not very well understood. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the activities of ISA and/or IRN on cell viability and apoptosis in vitro, their genotoxic potentials in vitro and in vivo, and the IRN- and ISA-induced expression of ERCC1 or BAX genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HeLa and/or CHO-K1 cell lines were tested (3 or 24 h) in the MTT, Trypan blue exclusion, acridine orange/ethidium bromide, cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus (CBMN) and comet (36, 24 and 72 h) tests after treatment with IRN (0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Kinthada Ramakumar, Tapan Maji, James J Partridge, Jon A Tunge
A new method is developed for the synthesis of spirooxindoles from amines and isatins via C-H functionalization. The reaction leverages the tert-amino effect to form an enolate-iminium intermediate via [1,5]-hydride shift followed by cyclization. Interestingly the hydride migrates to the N atom of a C═N, which is atypical for hydride additions to imines.
July 24, 2017: Organic Letters
Zhi Xu, Shu Zhang, Xufeng Song, Min Qiang, Zaosheng Lv
A set of novel gatifloxacin-1H-1,2,3-triazole-isatin hybrids 6a-l was designed, synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-mycobacterial activities against M. tuberculosis (MTB) H37Rv and MDR-TB as well as cytotoxicity. The results showed that all the targets (MIC: 0.025-3.12μg/mL) exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against MTB H37Rv and MDR-TB, but were much more toxic (CC50: 7.8-62.5μg/mL) than the parent gatifloxacin (GTFX) (CC50: 125μg/mL). Among them, 61 (MIC: 0.025μg/mL) was 2-32 times more potent in vitro than the references INH (MIC: 0...
July 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Adel S El-Azab, Abdullah Al-Dhfyan, Alaa A-M Abdel-Aziz, Laila A Abou-Zeid, Hamad M Alkahtani, Abdulrahman M Al-Obaid, Manal A Al-Gendy
A new series of quinazolinone compounds 16-34 incorporating isatin moieties was synthesized. The antitumor efficacy of the compounds against MDA-MB-231, a breast cancer cell line, and LOVO, a colon cancer cell line, was assessed. Compounds 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34 displayed potent antitumor activity against MDA-MB-231 and LOVO cells (IC50: 10.38-38.67 μM and 9.91-15.77 μM, respectively); the comparative IC50 values for 5-fluorouracil and erlotinib in these cells lines were 70...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Magda F Mohamed, Amr Mohamed Abdelmoniem, Ahmed H M Elwahy, Ismail A Abdelhamid
An efficient one pot synthesis of bis spiro-cyclic 2-oxindole derivatives of pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline-4,6-dione using 6-aminouracil, bis-isatin and dimedone has been developed. The cytotoxic effect against different human cell lines MCF7, HCT116 and A549 cell lines was evaluated. The derivative 6a, was found the most encouraging compound in this series and it was selected for molecular studies against MCF7. Our data indicated that compound 6a is an attractive target for breast cancer, as it inhibits proliferation, cell cycle progression and induces apoptosis of tumor cells...
June 30, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Zhi Xu, Xu-Feng Song, Yuan-Qiang Hu, Min Qiang, Zao-Sheng Lv
Twelve novel 1H-1,2,3-triazole-tethered gatifloxacin (GTFX) isatin conjugates 5a-l with greater lipophilicity compared with GTFX were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-mycobacterial activities against M. tuberculosis (MTB) H37Rv and MDR-TB as well as cytotoxicity. The preliminary results showed that all the targets (MIC: 0.10-8 μg/mL) exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against MTB H37Rv and MDR-TB, but eight of them (CC50: 7.8-62.5 μg/mL) were much more toxic than the parent GTFX (CC50: 125 μg/mL)...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Bing Wang, Qing Lu, Qi Fang, Ting-Ting Zhang, Ying-Ying Jin
In the title compound, C14H8ClNO2, the dihedral angle between the isatin moiety (r.m.s. deviation = 0.014 Å) and the phenyl ring is 51.8 (1)°. All mol-ecules have the same 'frozen chiral' conformation in the non-centrosymmetric P212121 space group. A polycrystalline sample of the title compound exhibits a considerable second-order non-linear optical effect (frequency doubling of 1064 nm light to output 532 nm light). In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating chains along the [100] direction...
June 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Wen-Ting Wei, Wen-Ming Zhu, Wei-Wei Ying, Yi Wu, Yi-Ling Huang, Hongze Liang
A metal-free method for the synthesis of isatin oximes was developed through the radical coupling reactions of oxindoles with t-BuONO. This protocol provides a practical and environmentally benign method for the construction of C-N bonds in water at room temperature without using any other reagents. The advantages of this strategy are its mild reaction conditions and clean procedure.
June 27, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Rong Zhou, Rongfang Liu, Kai Zhang, Ling Han, Honghui Zhang, Wenchao Gao, Ruifeng Li
A novel P(NMe2)3-mediated formal carbon-halogen bond insertion of isatins into allylic and benzylic bromides/chlorides has been realized, leading to a facile synthesis of 3-halo 3,3'-disubstituted oxindoles. This reaction relies on the unique dual nucleophilic-electrophilic reactivity pattern of the Kukhtin-Ramirez adduct via a cascade SN2-SN2 process. It also represents a rare metal-free approach for carbon-halogen bond insertion. Upon treatment with trifluoroacetic acid, spirooxindole-γ-butyrolactones have been efficiently prepared from the corresponding insertion products...
June 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xiao Wang, Lin Wu, Peng Yang, Xiang-Jia Song, Hong-Xia Ren, Lin Peng, Li-Xin Wang
A new isatin N,N'-cyclic azomethine imine 1,3-dipole was devised, and an unusual Michael addition with β-nitrostyrene catalyzed by tributylamine under mild conditions has been developed. The new reaction featured the C3 umpolung of oxindole and an unusual formation of double bond. Notably, this new synthon performed as a donor rather than an acceptor. This protocol provided a promising method for the preparation of various 3-aminooxindoles with good yields in moderate diastereoselectivities.
June 1, 2017: Organic Letters
Lei Wang, Sun Li, Marcus Blümel, Rakesh Puttreddy, Anssi Peuronen, Kari Rissanen, Dieter Enders
A novel NHC-catalyzed annulation protocol for the asymmetric synthesis of biologically important β-lactam fused spirocyclopentane oxindoles with four contiguous stereocenters, including two quaternary carbon centers, was developed. Alternatively, spirocyclopentane oxindoles containing an enaminone moiety can be achieved using the same starting materials, isatin-derived enals, and N-sulfonyl ketimines, in the presence of a slightly different NHC catalytic system. This switchable annulation strategy enables the selective assembly of both heterocyclic scaffolds with good yields and excellent enantioselectivities for a broad range of substrates...
June 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Huihua Lin, Zijun Zhou, Jun Cai, Bowen Han, Lei Gong, Eric Meggers
A highly diastereo- and enantioselective synthesis of 3,3-disubstituted oxindoles bearing vicinal quaternary-tertiary carbon centers is enabled by a chiral-at-rhodium Lewis acid catalyst starting from isatin N-protected ketimines and 2-acyl imidazoles. The excellent results with 93-99% yields, diastereoselectivities of 43:1 to >200:1, and high enantioselectivities of 98.4 to >99% confirm the potential of bis-cyclometalated rhodium catalysts for the development of effective asymmetric transformations.
June 6, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Jianming Zhao, Fen He, Fan Zhang, Xin Yang, Zhiyue Tian, Ying Xue
The role of water in the uncatalyzed aldol reaction of N-methyl-2,4-thiazolidinedione with N-methylisatin is investigated through Monte Carlo statistical mechanics simulations that utilize free energy perturbation theory and the mixed quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) model with PDDG/PM3 for the QM method in "on-water" and DMSO environments. There are several conceivable orientations between thiazolidinedione and isatin in the process of C-C bond formation. However, the formation of the C-C bond takes place between the re face of isatin and the si face of (E)-enol of the thiazolidinedione to form the preferred anti-type product, which results from enhanced hydrogen-bonding interactions between water molecules and the oxygen atoms undergoing bond breakage and bond formation during the reaction...
May 23, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Guang-Jian Mei, Chen-Yu Bian, Guo-Hao Li, Shao-Li Xu, Wen-Qin Zheng, Feng Shi
The first catalytic asymmetric construction of the tryptanthrin skeleton has been established, taking advantage of a palladium(0)/chiral ligand-catalyzed enantioselective decarboxylative [4 + 2] cyclization of vinyl benzoxazinanones with isatins. This reaction has not only provided a direct and efficient method for constructing chiral tryptanthrin skeleta in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% yield, >99% ee) but also represents the first catalytic asymmetric decarboxylative cyclization of vinyl benzoxazinanones with isatins...
May 25, 2017: Organic Letters
Can Li, Han Lu, Xiao-Xue Sun, Guang-Jian Mei, Feng Shi
A chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric [3 + 3] cycloaddition of C3-substituted 2-indolylmethanols with isatin-derived azomethine ylides has been established, which afforded chiral spirooxindoles in considerable yields, moderate to good enantioselectivities and excellent diastereoselectivities (up to 85% yield, 96 : 4 er, all >95 : 5 dr).
June 7, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Peng Qian, Ji-Hu Su, Yukang Wang, Meixiang Bi, Zhenggen Zha, Zhiyong Wang
2'-Aminoacetophenones undergo a C(sp(3))-H oxidation followed by intramolecular C-N bond formation by virtue of a simple electrochemical oxidation in the presence of n-Bu4NI, providing various isatins with moderate to good yields. The reaction intermediates were detected, and a radical-based pathway was proposed.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
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