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Maternal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245039/prenatal-arsenic-exposure-child-marriage-and-pregnancy-weight-gain-associations-with-preterm-birth-in-bangladesh
#1
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244797/association-between-maternal-hypothyroidism-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-the-children
#2
Darios Getahun, Steven J Jacobsen, Michael J Fassett, Deborah A Wing, Anny H Xiang, Vicki Chiu, Morgan R Peltier
OBJECTIVE: To determine if hypothyroidism is associated with ASD and how this association is influenced by race-ethnicity, sex, and timing of exposure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using records from 397201 children who were delivered from 1991-2011 and remained health plan members from 1993-2014. RESULTS: Children of hypothyroid women had higher ASD rates than children of women without the diagnosis (2.14 vs. 1.62/1000 person-years; and adjusted hazard ratios [adj...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244103/gender-dynamics-affecting-maternal-health-and-health-care-access-and-use-in-uganda
#3
Rosemary Morgan, Moses Tetui, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, A S George
Despite its reduction over the last decade, the maternal mortality rate in Uganda remains high, due to in part a lack of access to maternal health care. In an effort to increase access to care, a quasi-experimental trial using vouchers was implemented in Eastern Uganda between 2009 and 2011. Findings from the trial reported a dramatic increase in pregnant women's access to institutional delivery. Sustainability of such interventions, however, is an important challenge. While such interventions are able to successfully address immediate access barriers, such as lack of financial resources and transportation, they are reliant on external resources to sustain them and are not designed to address the underlying causes contributing to women's lack of access, including those related to gender...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242825/hydraulic-fracturing-and-infant-health-new-evidence-from-pennsylvania
#4
Janet Currie, Michael Greenstone, Katherine Meckel
The development of hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") is considered the biggest change to the global energy production system in the last half-century. However, several communities have banned fracking because of unresolved concerns about the impact of this process on human health. To evaluate the potential health impacts of fracking, we analyzed records of more than 1.1 million births in Pennsylvania from 2004 to 2013, comparing infants born to mothers living at different distances from active fracking sites and those born both before and after fracking was initiated at each site...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242711/effect-of-point-of-care-diagnostics-on-maternal-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Rebecca L Morgan, Benn Sartorius, Brittany Dennis, Paul K Drain, Lehana Thabane
Introduction: The World Health Organization advocates for increased accessibility of HIV-related point-of-care (POC) diagnostics in settings that lack laboratory infrastructure. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of POC diagnostics on maternal health outcomes in HIV-infected women. Methods: A systematic literature review used multiple data sources as follows: Cochrane Infectious Disease Group Specialized Register; Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials, published in The Cochrane Library; PubMed; EBSCOhost and LILACS from January 2000 to October 2015...
June 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242705/workplace-policies-and-mental-health-among-working-class-new-parents
#6
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, JuliAnna Z Smith, Lauren Page Wadsworth, Hillary Paul Halpern
Little research has explored linkages between workplace policies and mental health in working-class, employed parents, creating a gap in our knowledge of work-family issues across social class levels. The current U.S. study addresses this gap by employing hierarchical linear modeling techniques to examine how workplace policies and parental leave benefits predicted parents' depressive symptoms and anxiety in a sample of 125, low-income, dual-earner couples interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Descriptive analyses revealed that, on average, parents had few workplace policies, such as schedule flexibility or child care supports, available to them...
2017: Community, Work & Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242177/implementing-a-mental-health-care-program-and-home-based-training-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-an-urban-population-in-bangladesh-protocol-for-a-feasibility-assessment-study
#7
Aliya Naheed, Kamrun Nahar Koly, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Shaheen Akhter, M M Jalal Uddin, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Subhash Chandir, Muzharul Mannan, Saima Hossain, Charles Nelson, Kerim Munir
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported a higher level of depression than mothers of children with other neurodevelopmental disorders in both developed and developing countries. Mothers are the lifetime caregivers of children with ASD, and a high burden of depression can negatively impact their ability to provide care. However, access to mental health services in primary care is limited, given the scarcity of qualified providers in Bangladesh...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242091/association-between-microcephaly-zika-virus-infection-and-other-risk-factors-in-brazil-final-report-of-a-case-control-study
#8
Thalia Velho Barreto de Araújo, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Wayner Vieira Souza, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Ana Paula Lopes de Melo, Sandra Valongueiro, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Cynthia Braga, Sinval Pinto Brandão Filho, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Enrique Vazquez, Danielle di Cavalcanti Souza Cruz, Claudio Maierovitch Pessanha Henriques, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Priscila Mayrelle da Silva Castanha, Rafael Dhalia, Ernesto Torres Azevedo Marques-Júnior, Celina Maria Turchi Martelli, Laura Cunha Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: A Zika virus epidemic emerged in northeast Brazil in 2015 and was followed by a striking increase in congenital microcephaly cases, triggering a declaration of an international public health emergency. This is the final report of the first case-control study evaluating the potential causes of microcephaly: congenital Zika virus infection, vaccines, and larvicides. The published preliminary report suggested a strong association between microcephaly and congenital Zika virus infection...
December 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241813/prenatal-stress-challenge-impairs-fetal-lung-development-and-asthma-severity-sex-specifically-in-mice
#9
Dimitra E Zazara, Clara V Perani, María E Solano, Petra C Arck
Allergic asthma is an increasing health problem worldwide. Interestingly, prenatal challenges such as stress have been associated with an increased risk for asthma during childhood. The underlying pathogenesis of how prenatal stress increases the risk for asthma still remains unclear. Potential targets could be that the fetal immune ontogeny or fetal lung development are compromised by prenatal challenges. Here, we aimed to identify whether prenatal stress challenge affects fetal lung development in mice. C57BL/6 pregnant mice were challenged with sound stress and fetal lung development was assessed histologically...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241698/telephone-triage-and-midwifery-a-scoping-review
#10
Carolyn M Bailey, Jennifer M Newton, Helen G Hall
BACKGROUND: Midwives use telephone triage to provide advice and support to childbearing women, and to manage access to maternity services. Telephone triage practises are important in the provision of accurate, timely and appropriate health care. Despite this, there has been very little research investigating this area of midwifery practice. AIM: To explore midwives and telephone triage practises; and to discuss the relevant findings for midwives managing telephone calls from women...
December 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#11
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241620/trends-in-and-projections-of-indicators-of-universal-health-coverage-in-bangladesh-1995-2030-a-bayesian-analysis-of-population-based-household-data
#12
Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Khin Thet Swe, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Many countries are implementing health system reforms to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. To understand the progress towards UHC in Bangladesh, we estimated trends in indicators of the health service and of financial risk protection. We also estimated the probability of Bangladesh's achieving of UHC targets of 80% essential health-service coverage and 100% financial risk protection by 2030. METHODS: We estimated the coverage of UHC indicators-13 prevention indicators and four treatment indicators-from 19 nationally representative population-based household surveys done in Bangladesh from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2014...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241615/provision-of-medical-supply-kits-to-improve-quality-of-antenatal-care-in-mozambique-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#13
Ana Pilar Betrán, Eduardo Bergel, Sally Griffin, Armando Melo, My Huong Nguyen, Alicia Carbonell, Santos Mondlane, Mario Merialdi, Marleen Temmerman, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: High levels of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity remain a daunting reality in many low-income countries. Several interventions delivered during antenatal care have been shown to improve maternal and newborn outcomes, but stockouts of medical supplies at point of care can prevent implementation of these services. We aimed to evaluate whether a supply chain strategy based on the provision of kits could improve quality of care. METHODS: We did a pragmatic, stepped-wedge, cluster-randomised controlled trial at ten antenatal care clinics in Mozambique...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241455/inclusion-of-men-in-maternal-and-safe-motherhood-services-in-inner-city-communities-in-ghana-evidence-from-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Margaret Duah Atuahene, Sylvia Arde-Acquah, Nana Frema Atuahene, Martin Adjuik, John Kuumuori Ganle
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing realisation of the need to enhance men's inclusion in maternal and safe motherhood services, especially in low-income settings. However, empirical studies on the extent to which men are involved in maternal and safe motherhood services especially in poor inner-city communities are lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the level of men's inclusion in maternal and safe-motherhood services in inner-city communities in Ghana, and to assess the barriers of men's involvement...
December 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241246/health-information-exchange-for-continuity-of-maternal-and-neonatal-care-supporting-a-proof-of-concept-based-on-iso-standard
#15
M R Santos, T Q V de Sá, F E da Silva, M R Dos Santos Junior, T A Maia, Z S N Reis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241080/paternal-urinary-concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardant-metabolites-fertility-measures-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#16
Courtney C Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, John D Meeker, Heather M Stapleton, Craig M Butt, Thomas L Toth, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) has increased over the past decade following the phase out of some brominated flame retardants, leading to increased human exposure. We recently reported that increasing maternal PFR exposure is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes among women from a fertility clinic. Because a small epidemiologic study previously reported an inverse association between male PFR exposures and sperm motility, we sought to examine associations of paternal urinary concentrations of PFR metabolites and their partner's pregnancy outcomes...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241065/associations-between-maternal-triclosan-concentrations-in-early-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-impaired-glucose-tolerance-gestational-weight-gain-and-fetal-markers-of-metabolic-function
#17
Gabriel D Shapiro, Tye E Arbuckle, Jillian Ashley-Martin, William D Fraser, Mandy Fisher, Maryse F Bouchard, Patricia Monnier, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Adrienne S Ettinger, Linda Dodds
BACKGROUND: Triclosan is a phenolic biocide used in a multitude of consumer products and in health care settings. It is widely detected in the American and Canadian populations and has been shown in animal models to act as an endocrine disrupting agent. However, there has been little examination to date of the effects of triclosan exposure in pregnancy on perinatal metabolic outcomes in human populations. METHODS: Using data from the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study, a Canadian pregnancy cohort, we measured associations of first-trimester urinary triclosan concentrations with total gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in pregnancy, and fetal markers of metabolic function...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#18
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240678/risk-factors-associated-with-preterm-neonatal-mortality-a-case-study-using-data-from-mt-hope-women-s-hospital-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#19
Karen Cupen, Annabel Barran, Virendra Singh, Isaac Dialsingh
Preterm neonatal mortality contributes significantly to the high incidence of death among children under five years of age. Neonatal mortality also serves as an indicator of maternal health in society. The aim of the study is to examine the risk factors for preterm neonatal mortality at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Mount Hope Women's Hospital in Trinidad and Tobago (MHWH). In this retrospective study, we included infants (N = 129), born < 37 weeks gestational age, between 1 January and 31 December 2015...
December 14, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240547/implementing-cdc-s-level-of-care-assessment-tool-locate-a-national-collaboration-to-improve-maternal-and-child-health
#20
Andrea Catalano, Amanda Bennett, Ashley Busacker, Alethia Carr, David Goodman, Charlan Kroelinger, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Mary Brantley, Wanda Barfield
Perinatal regionalization, or risk-appropriate care, is an approach that classifies facilities based on capabilities to ensure women and infants receive care at a facility that aligns with their risk. The CDC designed the Levels of Care Assessment Tool (LOCATe) to assist jurisdictions working in risk-appropriate care in assessing a facility's level of maternal and neonatal care aligned with the most current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines...
December 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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