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Maternal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031048/trends-in-perinatal-health-in-metropolitan-france-from-1995-to-2016-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#1
B Blondel, B Coulm, C Bonnet, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVE: To study trends in the main indicators of perinatal health, medical practices and risk factors in France since 1995. POPULATION AND METHOD: All live births during one week in 1995 (n=13,318), 2003 (n=14,737), 2010 (n=14,903) and 2016 (n=13,384). Data were from interviews of women in postpartum wards and from medical records and were compared between years. RESULTS: Between 1995 and 2016, maternal age and body mass index increased steadily...
October 9, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029347/childhood-health-and-educational-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-sleep-apnea-a-population-record-linkage-study
#2
Yu Sun Bin, Peter A Cistulli, Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford
Objectives: Sleep apnea in pregnancy is known to adversely affect birth outcomes. Whether in utero exposure to maternal sleep apnea is associated with long-term childhood consequences is unclear. Methods: Population-based longitudinal study of singleton infants born during 2002 to 2012 was conducted using linked birth, hospital, death, developmental, and educational records from New South Wales, Australia. Maternal sleep apnea during pregnancy was identified from hospital records...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029246/the-epidermal-growth-factor-network-role-in-oocyte-growth-maturation-and-developmental-competence
#3
Dulama Richani, Robert B Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: The LH surge induces great physiological changes within the preovulatory follicle, which culminate in the ovulation of a mature oocyte that is capable of supporting embryo and foetal development. However, unlike mural granulosa cells, the oocyte and its surrounding cumulus cells are not directly responsive to LH, indicating that the LH signal is mediated by secondary factors produced by the granulosa cells. The mechanisms by which the oocyte senses the ovulatory LH signal and hence prepares for ovulation has been a subject of considerable controversy for the past four decades...
September 20, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029159/impact-evaluation-of-free-delivery-care-on-maternal-health-service-utilisation-and-neonatal-health-in-nepal
#4
Prabhat Lamichhane, Anurag Sharma, Ajay Mahal
Nepal introduced free delivery services for births in public facilities in 2005 in 25 districts with the intervention initially restricted to women with less than two living children and/or women with obstetric complications. After November 2007, eligibility conditions were relaxed to include all women, and the programme was later expanded to cover an additional 50 districts in December 2008. We exploit the phased expansion of the free birth delivery programme to identify its impact on place of delivery, the presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) and neonatal mortality using difference-in-difference methods, on data for 4457 live-births reported between 2001 and 2008 from Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys for 2006 and 2011...
September 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028970/poor-obstetric-and-infant-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-with-tuberculosis-in-south-africa-the-tshepiso-study
#5
Nicole Salazar-Austin, Jennifer Hoffmann, Silvia Cohn, Fildah Mashabela, Ziyaad Waja, Sanjay Lala, Christopher Hoffmann, Kelly E Dooley, Richard E Chaisson, Neil Martinson
Background: Prior to the wide availability of antiretroviral therapy, tuberculosis (TB) and HIV disease among pregnant women resulted in poor maternal and neonatal outcomes including high rates of mother-to-child transmission of both HIV and TB. We aimed to describe the impact of TB among HIV-infected mothers on obstetric and infant outcomes in a population with access to antiretroviral therapy. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, we followed HIV-infected pregnant women with and without TB disease from January 2011 through January 2014 in Soweto, South Africa...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028672/birth-cohort-consortium-of-asia-current-and-future-perspectives
#6
Reiko Kishi, Jun Jim Zhang, Eun-Hee Ha, Pau-Chung Chen, Ying Tian, Yankai Xia, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kunihiko Nakai, Sungkyoon Kim, Soo-Jong Hong, Yun-Chul Hong, Jeong-Rim Lee, Hamid Jan B Jan Mohamed, Rajendra Prasad Parajuli, Linda S Adair, Yap Seng Chong, Yue Leon Guo, Shu-Li Wang, Muneko Nishijo, Teruhiko Kido, Pham The Tai, Sumal Nandasena
BACKGROUND: The environmental health of children is one of the great global health concerns. Exposures in utero and throughout development can have major consequences on later health. However, environmental risks or disease burdens vary from region to region. Birth cohort studies are ideal for investigating different environmental risks. METHODS: The principal investigators of three birth cohorts in Asia including the Taiwan Birth Panel Study (TBPS), the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health Study (MOCEH), and the Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children' Health (Hokkaido Study) coestablished the Birth Cohort Consortium of Asia (BiCCA) in 2011...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028579/the-views-of-first-time-mothers-completing-an-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-mums-online-study
#7
Paige van der Pligt, Kylie Ball, Kylie D Hesketh, David Crawford, Megan Teychenne, Karen Campbell
BACKGROUND: maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) has implications for short and long term weight-related health of both the mother and child. Little is known about how mothers perceive they may be best supported to achieve a healthy postpartum weight and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Evaluating existing postpartum weight focussed intervention strategies is an important step in the planning of future programs aimed at supporting new mothers. AIM: to describe the perspectives of women who completed the mums OnLiNE pilot intervention, regarding the acceptability and effectiveness of a program which aimed to limit PPWR and promote healthy diet and physical activity behaviours in new mothers...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028111/dna-methylation-of-methylation-complex-genes-in-relation-to-stress-and-genome-wide-methylation-in-mother-newborn-dyads
#8
Christopher J Clukay, David A Hughes, Nicole C Rodney, Darlene A Kertes, Connie J Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: Early life stress is known to have enduring biological effects, particularly with respect to health. Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, are a possible mechanism to mediate the biological effect of stress. We previously found correlations between maternal stress, newborn birthweight, and genome-wide measures of DNA methylation. Here we investigate ten genes related to the methylation/demethylation complex in order to better understand the impact of stress on health...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027315/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-carbetocin-during-cesarean-section-in-a-high-volume-maternity-unit
#9
Hian Yan Voon, Asrul A Shafie, Mohamad A Bujang, Haris N Suharjono
AIM: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of carbetocin compared to oxytocin when used as prophylaxis against post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) during cesarean deliveries. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify randomized controlled trials that compared the use of carbetocin to oxytocin in the context of cesarean deliveries. Cost effectiveness analysis was then performed using secondary data from the perspective of a maternity unit within the Malaysian Ministry of Health, over a 24 h time period...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027207/resource-availability-for-the-management-of-maternal-sepsis-in-malawi-other-low-income-countries-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#10
Mohammed Abdu, Amie Wilson, Chisale Mhango, Fatima Taki, Arri Coomarasamy, David Lissauer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability of key resources for the management of maternal sepsis and evaluate the feasibility of implementing the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) recommendations in Malawi and other low-resource settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at health facilities in Malawi, other low-income countries, and lower-middle-income countries during January-March 2016. English-speaking healthcare professionals (e.g. doctors, nurses, midwives, and administrators) completed a questionnaire/online survey to assess the availability of resources for the management of maternal sepsis...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026989/the-pattern-peculiarities-and-management-challenges-of-spina-bifida-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-southwest-nigeria
#11
Edward O Komolafe, Chiazor Udochukwu Onyia, Ibironke O Ogunbameru, Oluwamuyiwa A Dada, Oluwafemi F Owagbemi, Fred S Ige-Orhionkpaibima, Oluseun A Olarewaju, Efosa O Obamwonyi, Muhammad I Abdullahi
PURPOSE: Spina bifida is a common congenital anomaly of the nervous system. It is frequently associated with significant morbidity and sometimes mortality in affected children. In this paper, we review the clinico-epidemiological pattern, peculiarities, and therapeutic challenges of this condition in our practice setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all cases of spina bifida managed from July 2000 to March 2016 at a tertiary health facility located in the southwest region of Nigeria...
October 12, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026742/contraceptive-behavior-of-couples-undergoing-sterilization-in-an-eastern-state-of-india
#12
Venkatarao Epari, Lipilekha Patnaik, Deepa Prasad, Trilochan Sahu, Arunkiran Soodireddy, Arabinda Acharya
BACKGROUND: As a part of a larger study for evaluating the effectiveness of a community-based family welfare program, this study assessed the contraceptive behavior of couples preceding sterilization and termination of pregnancies, if any during the interim period. METHODS: During May-June 2013, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in three districts of Odisha, an eastern state of India with poor maternal health indicators. Using a 15 × 14 cluster design with probability proportionate to size sampling 15 village clusters from each district were selected...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026735/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-in-korean-children-an-analysis-of-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#13
Hae Jeong Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Seo Heui Choi, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is one of the most common health problems among children and its prevalence has increased in recent decades. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-known risk factor for childhood obesity although the associations were different across countries. Previous studies in other countries have reported a positive association between childhood obesity and SES in developing countries, and inverse correlation has been reported in developed countries. For this reason, we wanted to investigate the relationship between SES and obesity in Korean children...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026470/major-determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-and-mortality-at-the-maternity-teaching-hospital-erbil-city-iraq
#14
Vian Sabri Akrawi, Tariq Salman Al-Hadithi, Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil
OBJECTIVES: To find out the major determinants of maternal near-miss (NM)and maternal deaths (MDs) in Erbil city, Iraq, by comparative analysis of maternal NMs and MDs. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study in the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city from 1 June to 31 December 2013. All MDs and NMs that occurred in the hospital during the study period were included in the study. Systematic identification of all eligible women was done...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#15
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026431/enablers-and-barriers-to-success-among-mothers-planning-to-exclusively-breastfeed-for-six-months-a-qualitative-prospective-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#16
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Zandile Masango, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is the most important determinant of child health and development, and is the recommended feeding practice for all mothers. However, EBF rates remain low in South Africa. This study aimed to prospectively explore enablers or barriers to success among mothers who planned to exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months of life, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was adopted...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026430/gestational-perinatal-and-postnatal-factors-that-interfere-with-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-by-six-months-after-birth
#17
Mariana Moraes de Oliveira, José Simon Camelo
BACKGROUND: Despite evidences indicating the superiority of breastfeeding and recent advances in the indicators of breastfeeding in Brazil, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) during the first six months after birth continues to be an infrequent practice in the country. The objective of the present study was to determine which gestational, perinatal, and postnatal factors of the mother-baby dyad might be associated with the cessation of EBF by six months after birth. METHODS: Data were collected at the rooming-in facility of the Reference Center of Women's Health of Ribeirão Preto-Mater (CRSM-Mater) during the postpartum period (24 to 72 h after birth) from December 2012 to April 2013 and by telephone contact between the researcher and participating mothers by six months after birth...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026356/comparison-of-in-hospital-maternal-mortality-between-hospital-systems-in-queensland-australia-and-louisiana-united-states
#18
James J Morong, Jane K Martin, Robert S Ware, Paul B Colditz, Alfred G Robichaux
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that the American maternal mortality ratio has increased during the years 2000-2015. The Australian maternal mortality ratio, in contrast, has decreased during the same time period, a trend common among most Western countries. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of cases of in-hospital maternal deaths in the Ochsner Health System (Louisiana, United States) and the Queensland Health System (Australia) from 1995 to 2013...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026338/utilization-of-healthcare-services-in-postpartum-women-in-the-philippines-who-delivered-at-home-and-the-effects-on-their-health-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study
#19
Tadashi Yamashita, Maria Teresa Reyes Tuliao, Magdalena Concel Meana, Sherri Ann Suplido, Cecilia L Llave, Yuko Tanaka, Hiroya Matsuo
BACKGROUND: A low ratio of utilization of healthcare services in postpartum women may contribute to maternal deaths during the postpartum period. The maternal mortality ratio is high in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to examine the current utilization of healthcare services and the effects on the health of women in the Philippines who delivered at home. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analytical study, based on a self-administrated questionnaire, conducted from March 2015 to February 2016 in Muntinlupa, Philippines...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026315/a-model-to-facilitate-collaborative-social-support-for-pregnant-students-in-secondary-schools
#20
Sogo F Matlala
Pregnancy among secondary school students remains a public health problem and is associated with school dropout as well as poor maternal and child health outcomes. Schools in South Africa no longer expel pregnant students as was the case before 2000. Instead, the government encourages them to remain in class to complete their education, but pregnant students often face stigma, and some drop out of school as a result. To remain in class and access antenatal care, pregnant students require social support from teachers, parents and professional nurses...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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