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Maternal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908648/maternal-perceived-stress-during-pregnancy-increases-risk-for-low-neonatal-iron-at-delivery-and-depletion-of-storage-iron-at-one-year
#1
Danielle N Rendina, Sharon E Blohowiak, Christopher L Coe, Pamela J Kling
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of maternal stress during pregnancy on newborn iron and stage 1 iron deficiency at 1 year of age. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 245 mothers and their newborn infants (52% male; 72% white) were recruited at the Meriter Hospital Birthing Center on the basis of known risk factors for iron deficiency. Umbilical cord blood hemoglobin and zinc protoporphyrin/heme (ZnPP/H) were determined to evaluate erythrocyte iron and plasma ferritin was determined to reflect storage iron...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908406/peer-support-intervention-for-postpartum-depression-participant-satisfaction-and-program-effectiveness
#2
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Evan M Lowder, Sarah L Desmarais
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum mood disorders represent a serious problem affecting 10-20% of women and support groups offer a promising intervention modality. The current study examined participant satisfaction with and effectiveness of a peer-facilitated postpartum support group. INTERVENTION: The program consists of a free, peer-support group, developed to increase social support and destigmatise postpartum mood symptoms. The weekly group is co-facilitated by former group attendees and maternal health professionals...
May 31, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908353/the-impact-of-prenatal-diagnosis-on-congenital-anomaly-outcomes-data-from-1997-to-2016
#3
REVIEW
Paula Braz, Ausenda Machado, Carlos Matias Dias
The term prenatal diagnosis comprises a variety of techniques aimed to determine the health and condition of the embryo or foetus. Its main goal is to identify at an early stage of the pregnancy, if possible, malformations or other conditions that could increase the risk of a negative outcome in the pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prenatal diagnosis in Portugal in pregnancies with congenital anomalies. A cross sectional study was implemented using data for the years 1997-2016 from the Portuguese registry of congenital anomalies (RENAC), a population-based registry that follows EUROCAT guidelines...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#4
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907533/perinatal-care-needs-and-expectations-of-women-with-low-vision-or-total-blindness-in-warsaw-poland
#5
Barbara Mazurkiewicz, Małgorzata Stefaniak, Ewa Dmoch-Gajzlerska
BACKGROUND: As estimated from the number of published studies, in Poland the research into the perinatal care experiences of women with low vision or total blindness remains limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to fill this gap by investigating satisfaction with perinatal care received by women with visual impairment in four city hospitals in Warsaw, Poland, and to recommend, if required, modifications in midwives' education and care standards based on the women's perceptions and expectations...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907450/altered-maternal-and-placental-lipid-metabolism-and-fetal-fat-development-in-obesity-current-knowledge-and-advances-in-non-invasive-assessment
#6
Flavien Delhaes, Stephanie A Giza, Tianna Koreman, Genevieve Eastabrook, Charles A McKenzie, Samantha Bedell, Timothy R H Regnault, Barbra de Vrijer
Abnormal maternal lipid profiles, a hallmark of increased maternal adiposity, are associated with pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and offspring long-term metabolic health is impacted as the consequence of altered fetal growth, physiology and often iatrogenic prematurity. The metabolic changes associated with maternal obesity and/or the consumption of a high-fat diet effecting maternal lipid profiles and metabolism have also been documented to specifically affect placental function and may underlie changes in fetal development and life course disease risk...
May 26, 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907325/the-association-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-with-fetal-birth-weight
#7
Yi Yang, Zhaopin Wang, Minjia Mo, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Minchao Li, Shuying Jiang, Yimin Wu, Bule Shao, Yu Shen, Yunxian Yu
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and different time-point glucose levels might have different effects on fetal birth weight. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the associations of GDM and different time-point blood glucose levels with fetal birth weight in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted in Zhoushan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Zhejiang, from August 2011 to May 2015. 1232 pairs of singleton, full-term newborns and their mothers without other pregnant and perinatal complications were selected as participants...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907147/health-related-quality-of-life-of-preterm-born-children-at-three-years-in-a-sub-urban-district-in-sri-lanka-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Hemali Jayakody, Upul Senarath, Deepika Attygalle
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth leads to multiple morbidities affecting the health of a child. Lack of information on the health impact of prematurity hinders the possibility of any effective public health interventions in this regard. Our aim was to determine the association between preterm birth and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) among 3 years old children in the Gampaha district, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A community-based retrospective cohort study was conducted among 790 preterm and term born children who were 03 years old...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#9
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907100/demand-for-integrative-medicine-among-women-in-pregnancy-and-childbed-a-german-survey-on-patients-needs
#10
Nikolas Schürger, Evelyn Klein, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Marion Kiechle, Daniela Paepke
BACKGROUND: Although integrative medicine is gaining increasing attention and is claiming more and more its place in modern health care, it still plays a marginal role in conventional maternity care. The present study aims to examine the patterns of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use and the demand for integrative therapies, including CAM, relaxation therapies, nutritional counseling, and psychological assistance, among women in pregnancy and childbed. METHODS: The survey was conducted from April 2017 to July 2017 by means of a pseudo-anonymous 38-item questionnaire at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich...
June 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906484/the-contributions-of-diet-genes-and-physical-activity-to-the-etiology-of-obesity-contrary-evidence-and-consilience
#11
REVIEW
Edward Archer, Carl J Lavie, James O Hill
The debate on the relative contributions of presumptive etiologic factors in the development of obesity is becoming increasingly speculative, insular, and partisan. As the global prevalence of obesity continues to rise, the sheer volume of unfounded conjecture threatens to obscure well-established evidence. We posit that the failure to distinguish between causal factors and mere statistical associations engendered the proliferation of misleading and demonstrably false research programs and failed public health initiatives...
June 12, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906263/maternal-peripartum-serum-ddt-e-and-urinary-pyrethroid-metabolite-concentrations-and-child-infections-at-2-years-in-the-vhembe-birth-cohort
#12
Jonathan Huang, Brenda Eskenazi, Riana Bornman, Stephen Rauch, Jonathan Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticides, conducted in low- and middle-income countries to control malaria, may result in high exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), its breakdown product dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), or pyrethroids. Animal studies suggest in utero exposure to these chemicals may increase childhood infection frequency. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between maternal DDT/E and pyrethroid metabolite concentration and child infection associations in an IRS setting in which susceptibility factors are common and infections are leading causes of child morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905489/assisted-reproductive-technology-comorbidities-and-cardiovascular-risk-the-experience-of-an-italian-center
#13
Cinzia Fatini, Michela Cirillo, Maria Elisabetta Coccia
BACKGROUND: A growing number of infertile women undergo assisted reproductive technology (ART). Older maternal age and the presence of comorbidities may affect cardiovascular (CV) women health. Safety aspects are central in risk assessment; we report the experience of internal medicine clinical setting at the ART center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we investigated 243 infertile women (110 autologous and 133 oocyte donation [OD]); cardiometabolic parameters and CV risk factors were investigated during the clinical evaluation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905006/getting-it-right-core-outcome-sets-in-quality-improvement-research
#14
Brett D Einerson
Hospital systems, expert panels, and regulatory agencies developed quality metrics to monitor health system quality and safety. Dozens or hundreds of perinatal quality outcome measures are reported, but few are easily comparable. Bunch and colleagues (BJOG 2018) responded to the call by The CROWN Initiative (BJOG 2014;121:1181) to "develop core outcome sets using robust consensus methodology." Integrating the expertise of multiple stakeholders, the authors used Delphi methodology to develop a set of consensus-based core outcomes for monitoring the quality of care in English maternity units...
June 14, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904605/women-s-recall-of-maternal-and-newborn-interventions-received-in-the-postnatal-period-a-validity-study-in-kenya-and-swaziland
#15
Katharine J McCarthy, Ann K Blanc, Charlotte E Warren, Brian Mdawida
Background: Despite the concentration of maternal and infant deaths in the early postnatal period, information on the content and quality of postnatal care interventions is not routinely collected in most low and middle-income countries. At present, data on the coverage of postnatal care interventions mostly rely on women's reports collected in household surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), which collect limited information...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904190/the-childbearing-experience-of-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran-a-phenomenological-study
#16
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903376/burden-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-children-in-the-era-of-conjugate-vaccines-global-regional-and-national-estimates-for-2000-15
#17
Brian Wahl, Katherine L O'Brien, Adena Greenbaum, Anwesha Majumder, Li Liu, Yue Chu, Ivana Lukšić, Harish Nair, David A McAllister, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan, Robert Black, Maria Deloria Knoll
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine are now used in most countries. To monitor global and regional progress towards improving child health and to inform national policies for disease prevention and treatment, we prepared global, regional, and national disease burden estimates for these pathogens in children from 2000 to 2015. METHODS: Using WHO and Maternal and Child Epidemiology Estimation collaboration country-specific estimates of pneumonia and meningitis mortality and pneumonia morbidity from 2000 to 2015, we applied pneumococcal and Hib cause-specific proportions to estimate pathogen-specific deaths and cases...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903201/-risk-factors-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-re-birth-pregnant-women-in-xiamen-city-in-2015-2016
#18
Yanfeng Fan, Rongxian Xu, Lili Cai, Liqian Cai
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the risk factors of the gestational diabetes mellitus( GDM) among the re-birth pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 393 pregnant women with GDM were collected randomly according to the number of the antenatal care manual in the Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Xiamen City. Meanwhile, 393 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance were chosen to be the control group matching withage of the GDM group. Their basic data would be analyzed, including the BMI before pregnancy, the degree of the education, the times of the abortion, the body weight gain during the pregnancy, their parental diabetes history, the birth weight of the last fetal, the history of GDM and so on...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903177/-concentration-of-red-blood-cell-folate-and-the-analysis-of-folic-acid-supplement-optimum-time-and-dose-in-first-trimester
#19
Yue Teng, Jingmiao Hu, Shan Dong, Lixia Zhang, Xin Lu, Haishan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To have a knowledge of prevalent red blood cell folate concentration in Beijing and analyzes optimum time and dose of folic acid supplement. To provide the basis data for making public health policy and clinical consultation. METHODS: This study included 3458 pregnant women who visited nutrition outpatient of the Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing in first trimester. Their last menstrual period is between 1st Feb 2014 and 31 st Jan 2016...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903176/-follow-up-study-on-diet-folic-acid-and-iron-status-in-358-cases-of-uighur-pregnant-women-from-xinjiang-kashi
#20
Tuerxunjiang Maimaitiming, Xiaojun Wang, Camila Tuerxunjiang, Yanqiong Yang, Dilihuomaer Wuerkaixi, Jinfen Pu, Li Wang, Liuqianzi Yan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dietary intake situation of Uighur pregnant women, investigate folic acid level and its influencing factors, to provide evidence for health education of maternal nutrition and implementation of proper nutrition, balanceddiet guidance. METHODS: 358 cases of Uighur trimester pregnant women for the study, took the method of 3 d 24 h dietary recall to survey their dietary and collect blood samples. The Hb was detected by the cyanide methemoglobinmethod...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
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