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Maternal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457498/factors-associated-with-maternal-depression-in-the-maldives-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457318/equity-dimensions-of-the-availability-and-quality-of-reproductive-maternal-and-neonatal-health-services-in-zambia
#2
Lily D Yan, Jonas Mwale, Samantha Straitz, Godfrey Biemba, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Julia F Ross, Lawrence Myananyanda, Mary Nambao, Paul Ngwakum, Eleonora Genovese, Bowen Banda, Nadia Akseer, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Peter Rockers, Davidson H Hamer
OBJECTIVE: To assess how quality and availability of reproductive, maternal, neonatal (RMNH) services vary by district wealth and urban/rural status in Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from the Millennium Development Goal Acceleration Initiative baseline assessment of 117 health facilities in 9 districts. Quality was assessed through a composite score of 23 individual RMNH indicators, ranging from 0 to 1. Availability was evaluated by density of providers and facilities...
February 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#3
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456926/migration-and-child-health-in-moldova-and-georgia
#4
Victor Cebotari, Melissa Siegel, Valentina Mazzucato
There is scarce empirical evidence on the relation between migration and child health in Moldova and Georgia-two post-Soviet countries with large out-migration flows in the region. This study uses nationally representative data collected in 2011-2012 in Moldova ( N = 1601) and Georgia ( N = 1193) to investigate how children's health associates with five transnational characteristics: migrant and return-migrant household types, parental migration and parental divorce, maternal and/or paternal migration and caregiver's identity, the duration of migration, and remittances...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456825/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-access-availability-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-services-in-lagos-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456590/delayed-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-bukavu-south-kivu-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455706/review-the-potential-of-seminal-fluid-mediated-paternal-maternal-communication-to-optimise-pregnancy-success
#7
J J Bromfield
Artificial insemination has been a landmark procedure in improving animal agriculture over the past 150 years. The utility of artificial insemination has facilitated a rapid improvement in animal genetics across agricultural species, leading to improvements of growth, health and productivity in poultry, swine, equine and cattle species. The utility of artificial insemination, as with all assisted reproductive technologies side-steps thousands of years of evolution that has led to the development of physiological systems to ensure the transmission of genetics from generation to generation...
February 19, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455704/role-of-parental-education-in-reduction-of-prevalence-of-childhood-undernutrition-in-bangladesh
#8
Md Belal Hossain, Md Hasinur Rahaman Khan
OBJECTIVE: Despite progress, levels of malnutrition among children in Bangladesh are among the highest in the world and this is one of the major causes of death in children. The pace of reduction in the prevalence of undernutrition among children is still relatively low. The present study aimed to examine the association between parental education and childhood undernutrition among Bangladeshi children under 5 years of age when adjusting for potential risk factors. DESIGN: The data set was extracted from a nationally representative survey based on a cross-sectional study, the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455701/estimating-the-pathways-through-which-maternal-education-affects-stunting-evidence-from-an-urban-cohort-in-south-africa
#9
Daniela Casale, Gabriel Espi, Shane A Norris
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the determinants of stunting using rich data from a birth cohort study from urban South Africa and to examine the various mechanisms, both proximate and distal, through which maternal education affects stunting. DESIGN: Multivariate regression analysis using birth cohort data, where the outcome variable was stunting at age 2 years, and multiple mediator analysis to identify pathways from maternal education to stunting. SETTING: South Africa's largest metropolitan area, Soweto-Johannesburg...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455610/using-skype-to-support-remote-clinical-supervision-for-health-professionals-delivering-a-sustained-maternal-early-childhood-program-a-phenomenographical-study
#10
Tracey Bruce, Fiona Byrne, Lynn Kemp
BACKGROUND: Skype technology was implemented by the Australian Maternal Early Childhood Sustained Home-visiting (MECSH) Support Service as a tool for the remote provision of clinical supervision and case review processes for clinicians working in the MECSH program in Seoul, South Korea. Clinical supervision and case review are core components of MECSH-based programs to enhance critical thinking and support child and family health nurses to provide services for challenging and complex families within a sustained home visiting context...
February 19, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455582/nonvisualization-of-fetal-gallbladder-in-microarray-era-a-retrospective-cohort-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Sagi-Dain Lena, Singer Amihood, Yarin Hadid, Sharony Reuven, Chana Vinkler, Bar-Shira Anat, Reeval Segel, Ben Shachar Shay, Maya Idit
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of abnormal Chromosomal Microarray (CMA) analyses among fetuses with isolated nonvisualization of fetal gallbladder. METHODS: Data from CMA analyses performed due to isolated nonvisualization of fetal gallbladder between January 2013 and September 2016 were retrospectively acquired from a computerized database of the Israeli Ministry of Health. The results were compared to the rate for clinically significant CMA findings in general population, based on a large cohort of 5541 pregnancies undergoing CMA due to maternal request, and a systematic review of 9272 cases with normal ultrasound...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454811/examining-parental-monitoring-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-use-and-problems
#12
Irene M Geisner, Bradley M Trager, Brittney A Hultgren, Mary E Larimer, Kimberly A Mallett, Rob Turrisi
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of depressed mood and college student drinking causes consequences for both the individual and society. Aspects of parenting have been shown to be important for college students' well-being. While some interventions are beginning to address this population, few studies have examined how parental monitoring impacts the relationship between depressed mood, alcohol use, and related consequences. The present study examined whether perceived parental monitoring moderated the relationship between depressed mood and alcohol use and related problems...
February 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454664/survey-of-midwives-perinatal-mental-health-knowledge-confidence-attitudes-and-learning-needs
#13
Maria Noonan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin, Owen Doody
BACKGROUND: Midwives have a primary role in facilitating the first stage of perinatal mental health risk reduction through inquiring about perinatal mental health, identifying risk factors and current perinatal mental health problems, providing support or crisis intervention, referring for treatment and decreasing stigmatisation. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine midwives' (a) knowledge of and confidence to identify and manage perinatal mental health problems, (b) attitudes towards women who experience severe mental illness and (c) perceived learning needs...
February 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#14
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453792/impact-of-tsh-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-on-obstetric-and-fetal-complications-usefulness-of-2-5-miu-l-cut-off-value
#15
Marta Hernández, Carolina López, Berta Soldevila, Laura Cecenarro, María Martínez-Barahona, Elisabet Palomera, Ferran Rius, Albert Lecube, Maria José Pelegay, Jordi García, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig Domingo
OBJECTIVE: An association of pregnancy outcomes with subclinical hypothyroidism has been reported, however there still exists a strong controversy regarding whether subclinical hypothyroidism ought to be dealt with or not. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association of fetal-maternal complications with first trimester maternal TSH values. DESIGN: A retrospective study in a single tertiary care hospital was performed. PATIENTS: 1981 pregnant women were studied during 2012...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#16
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452587/timing-of-abortion-among-adolescent-and-young-women-presenting-for-post-abortion-care-in-kenya-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nationally-representative-data
#17
Boniface A Ushie, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Michael M Mutua, Caroline W Kabiru
BACKGROUND: Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Currently, we know little about the factors associated with young women's timing of abortion. This study examined the timing of abortion as well as factors influencing it among adolescents and young women aged 12-24 years who sought post-abortion care (PAC) in health facilities in Kenya...
February 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452361/iui-review-and-systematic-assessment-of-the-evidence-that-supports-global-recommendations
#18
Ben Cohlen, Aartjan Bijkerk, Sheryl Van der Poel, Willem Ombelet
BACKGROUND: IUI with or without ovarian stimulation (OS) has become a first-line treatment option for many infertile couples, worldwide. The appropriate treatment modality for couples and their clinical management through IUI or IUI/OS cycles must consider maternal and perinatal outcomes, most notably the clinical complication of higher-order multiple pregnancies associated with IUI-OS. With a current global emphasis to continue to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity, the World Health Organization (WHO) had established a multi-year project to review the evidence for the establishment of normative guidance for the implementation of IUI as a treatment to address fertility problems, and to consider its cost-effectiveness for lower resource settings...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451948/duration-of-maternal-mental-health-related-outcomes-after-an-infant-s-death-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#19
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, James Bolton
BACKGROUND: Mothers have increased mental illness such as anxiety and depression after the death of a child. We examine the duration of this worsening of mental health. METHODS: The mental health of all mothers who experience the death of an infant (< 1 years old) in Manitoba, Canada between April 1, 1999 and March 31, 2011 (n = 534) is examined in the 4 years leading up to, and the 4 years following, the death of their child. Mental health-related outcomes of these mothers are compared with a matched (3:1) cohort of mothers who did not experience the death of a child (n = 1,602)...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451613/filling-process-of-the-child-health-record-in-health-care-services-of-belo-horizonte-minas-gerais-brazil
#20
Leonardo de Paula Amorim, Maria Inês Barreiros Senna, Viviane Elisângela Gomes, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Mara Vasconcelos, Adriana Gonçalves da Silva, Simone Dutra Lucas, Raquel Conceição Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the filling process of the Child Health Record (CHR) in health care services. METHODS: descriptive study held in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; an interview was conducted with parents/guardians of children aged 3-5 years old; 21 essential items to child monitoring were observed in the CHR during the 2014 Multi-vaccination Day; fields that should be filled in maternity wards, Primary Health Care (PHC), and other services were assessed separately...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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