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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643206/right-visual-field-advantage-in-the-attentional-blink-asymmetry-in-attentional-gating-across-time-and-space
#1
Dafna Bergerbest, Orit Shilkrot, Michal Joseph, Moti Salti
When two targets are presented in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), recognition of the second target (T2) is usually reduced when presented 150-500 ms after the first target, demonstrating an attentional blink (AB). Previous studies have shown a left visual-field (LVF) advantage in T2 recognition, when T2 was embedded in one of two streams, demanding top-down attention for its recognition. Here, we explored the impact of bottom-up saliency on spatial asymmetry in the AB. When T2 was spatially shifted outside from the RSVP, creating an abrupt onset of T2, right T2s showed a right visual-field (RVF) advantage...
June 22, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604795/individual-differences-in-dual-target-rsvp-task-performance-relate-to-entrainment-but-not-to-individual-alpha-frequency
#2
Cornelia Kranczioch
The attentional blink (AB) paradigm is widely used to study visual temporal attention. An important feature of the standard AB paradigm is repetitive visual stimulation, more precisely the rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of numerous distracters interspersed with two targets. The RSVP stream is likely to result in entrainment of visual cortex, which has been suggested to negatively affect target identification in the AB paradigm. The present EEG study tested this idea with an inter-individual differences approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584952/identity-and-semantic-negative-priming-in-rapid-serial-visual-presentation-streams
#3
Lin Li, Ewald Neumann, Zhe Chen
In selective attention tasks, the efficiency of processing concurrently presented target and distractor stimuli in a given display is often influenced by the relationship these stimuli have with those in the previous display. When a to-be-attended target on a current trial (the probe trial) matches the ignored, non-target distractor on a previous trial (the prime trial), a response to the target is typically delayed compared with when the two stimuli are not associated. This negative priming (NP) phenomenon has been observed in numerous studies with traditional NP tasks presenting the target and distractor simultaneously in both the prime and probe trial couplets...
June 5, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547680/the-influence-of-attention-on-value-integration
#4
Melina A Kunar, Derrick G Watson, Konstantinos Tsetsos, Nick Chater
People often have to make decisions based on many pieces of information. Previous work has found that people are able to integrate values presented in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stream to make informed judgements on the overall stream value (Tsetsos et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(24), 9659-9664, 2012). It is also well known that attentional mechanisms influence how people process information. However, it is unknown how attentional factors impact value judgements of integrated material...
May 25, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502226/stronger-interference-from-distractors-in-the-right-hemifield-during-visual-search
#5
Christophe Carlei, Dirk Kerzel
The orientation-bias hypothesis states that there is a bias to attend to the right visual hemifield (RVF) when there is spatial competition between stimuli in the left and right hemifield [Pollmann, S. (1996). A pop-out induced extinction-like phenomenon in neurologically intact subjects. Neuropsychologia, 34(5), 413-425. doi: 10.1016/0028-3932(95)00125-5 ]. In support of this hypothesis, stronger interference was reported for RVF distractors with contralateral targets. In contrast, previous studies using rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) found stronger interference from distractors in the left visual hemifield (LVF)...
May 13, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484948/enhanced-recognition-of-memorable-pictures-in-ultra-fast-rsvp
#6
Nico Broers, Mary C Potter, Mark R Nieuwenstein
Long-term recognition memory for some pictures is consistently better than for others (Isola, Xiao, Parikh, Torralba, & Oliva, IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI), 36(7), 1469-1482, 2014). Here, we investigated whether pictures found to be memorable in a long-term memory test are also perceived more easily when presented in ultra-rapid RSVP. Participants viewed 6 pictures they had never seen before that were presented for 13 to 360 ms per picture in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) sequence...
May 8, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473307/the-rsvp-project-factors-related-to-disengagement-from-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-among-persons-in-san-francisco
#7
Susan Scheer, Miao-Jung Chen, Maree Kay Parisi, Maya Yoshida-Cervantes, Erin Antunez, Viva Delgado, Nicholas J Moss, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, an estimated two-thirds of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection do not achieve viral suppression, including those who have never engaged in HIV care and others who do not stay engaged in care. Persons with an unsuppressed HIV viral load might experience poor clinical outcomes and transmit HIV. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the Re-engaging Surveillance-identified Viremic Persons (RSVP) project in San Francisco, CA, was to use routine HIV surveillance databases to identify, contact, interview, and reengage in HIV care persons who appeared to be out of care because their last HIV viral load was unsuppressed...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456522/how-handedness-influences-perceptual-and-attentional-processes-during-rapid-serial-visual-presentation
#8
Kamila Śmigasiewicz, Matthias Liebrand, Johannes Landmesser, Rolf Verleger
Stimulus-driven orienting of visual attention is lateralized to the right hemisphere (RH). This lateralization has been studied in the dual-stream rapid serial visual presentation task (dual RSVP). In this task a second target (T2), hard to discern by being embedded in one of two lateral streams of rapidly changing distractors, is better identified on the left than on the right. This phenomenon is called the left visual field advantage (LVFA). Furthermore, in terms of event related potentials (ERPs), the N2pc component and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are evoked earlier at the RH than at the left hemisphere (LH)...
April 26, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439320/distractor-induced-blindness-a-special-case-of-contingent-attentional-capture
#9
Gesche N Winther, Michael Niedeggen
The detection of a salient visual target embedded in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) can be severely affected if target-like distractors are presented previously. This phenomenon, known as distractor-induced blindness (DIB), shares the prerequisites of contingent attentional capture (Folk, Remington, & Johnston, 1992). In both, target processing is transiently impaired by the presentation of distractors defined by similar features. In the present study, we investigated whether the speeded response to a target in the DIB paradigm can be described in terms of a contingent attentional capture process...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410866/backward-masking-interrupts-spatial-attention-slows-downstream-processing-and-limits-conscious-perception
#10
Talia Losier, Christine Lefebvre, Mattia Doro, Roberto Dell'Acqua, Pierre Jolicœur
The attentional blink (AB) is a difficulty in correctly processing a target when it follows one or more other targets after a short delay. When no backward mask is presented after the last critical target, there is no or little behavioral AB deficit. The mask plays an important role in limiting conscious access to target information. In this electrophysiological study, we tested the impact of masking on the deployment and engagement of attention by measuring the N2pc and P3 components in an RSVP paradigm. We found that the presence of a mask in an AB paradigm reduced the amplitude of the N2pc, P3a, and P3b components...
April 11, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408895/character-decomposition-and-transposition-processes-of-chinese-compound-words-in-rapid-serial-visual-presentation
#11
Hong-Wen Cao, Ke-Yu Yang, Hong-Mei Yan
Character order information is encoded at the initial stage of Chinese word processing, however, its time course remains underspecified. In this study, we assess the exact time course of the character decomposition and transposition processes of two-character Chinese compound words (canonical, transposed, or reversible words) compared with pseudowords using dual-target rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli appearing at 30 ms per character with no inter-stimulus interval. The results indicate that Chinese readers can identify words with character transpositions in rapid succession; however, a transposition cost is involved in identifying transposed words compared to canonical words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388483/illusions-of-integration-are-subjectively-impenetrable-phenomenological-experience-of-lag-1-percepts-during-dual-target-rsvp
#12
Luca Simione, Elkan G Akyürek, Valentina Vastola, Antonino Raffone, Howard Bowman
We investigated the relationship between different kinds of target reports in a rapid serial visual presentation task, and their associated perceptual experience. Participants reported the identity of two targets embedded in a stream of stimuli and their associated subjective visibility. In our task, target stimuli could be combined together to form more complex ones, thus allowing participants to report temporally integrated percepts. We found that integrated percepts were associated with high subjective visibility scores, whereas reports in which the order of targets was reversed led to a poorer perceptual experience...
April 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383937/rapid-visual-processing-of-picture-stimuli-by-pigeons-in-an-rsvp-rapid-serial-visual-presentation-task
#13
Masako Jitsumori, Tomokazu Ushitani
Three experiments that were carried out in series with 5 pigeons used novel training methods to investigate the rapid visual processing of picture stimuli by pigeons. On each trial, a sequence containing 1 of 2 bird pictures (the target) and nontarget bird pictures (the distractors) was presented. After the termination of the last item in the sequence, the pigeons were required to choose 1 of 2 colored squares corresponding to the target presented in the preceding sequence. The pigeons learned the task with 2-item lists (1 target and 1 distractor) in Experiment1 and with 3-item lists (1 target and 2 distractors) in Experiment 2...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368200/word-and-face-processing-engage-overlapping-distributed-networks-evidence-from-rsvp-and-eeg-investigations
#14
Amanda K Robinson, David C Plaut, Marlene Behrmann
Words and faces have vastly different visual properties, but increasing evidence suggests that word and face processing engage overlapping distributed networks. For instance, fMRI studies have shown overlapping activity for face and word processing in the fusiform gyrus despite well-characterized lateralization of these objects to the left and right hemispheres, respectively. To investigate whether face and word perception influences perception of the other stimulus class and elucidate the mechanisms underlying such interactions, we presented images using rapid serial visual presentations...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350800/neural-correlates-of-facial-expression-processing-during-a-detection-task-an-erp-study
#15
Luxi Sun, Jie Ren, Weijie He
Given finite attentional resources, how emotional aspects of stimuli are processed automatically is controversial. Present study examined the time-course for automatic processing of facial expression by assessing N170, and late positive potentials (LPPs) of event-related potentials (ERPs) using a modified rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm. Observers were required to confirm a certain house image and to detect whether a face image was presented at the end of a series of pictures. There were no significant main effects on emotional type for P1 amplitudes, whereas happy and fearful expressions elicited larger N170 amplitudes than neutral expressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339458/rapid-surveillance-for-vector-presence-rsvp-development-of-a-novel-system-for-detecting-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus
#16
Brian L Montgomery, Martin A Shivas, Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Jim Edwards, Nicholas A Hamilton, Cassie C Jansen, Jamie L McMahon, David Warrilow, Andrew F van den Hurk
BACKGROUND: The globally important Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses are primarily transmitted by the invasive mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Australia, there is an increasing risk that these species may invade highly urbanized regions and trigger outbreaks. We describe the development of a Rapid Surveillance for Vector Presence (RSVP) system to expedite presence- absence surveys for both species. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We developed a methodology that uses molecular assays to efficiently screen pooled ovitrap (egg trap) samples for traces of target species ribosomal RNA...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265963/do-emotion-induced-blindness-and-the-attentional-blink-share-underlying-mechanisms-an-event-related-potential-study-of-emotionally-arousing-words
#17
Jeffrey MacLeod, Brandie M Stewart, Aaron J Newman, Karen M Arnell
When two targets are presented within approximately 500 ms of each other in the context of rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), participants' ability to report the second target is reduced compared to when the targets are presented further apart in time. This phenomenon is known as the attentional blink (AB). The AB is increased in magnitude when the first target is emotionally arousing. Emotionally arousing stimuli can also capture attention and create an AB-like effect even when these stimuli are presented as to-be-ignored distractor items in a single-target RSVP task...
March 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263677/preference-versus-choice-in-online-dating
#18
Stephen Whyte, Benno Torgler
This study explores factors that influence matches of online dating participants' stated preference for particular characteristics in a potential partner and compares these with the characteristics of the online daters actually contacted. The nature of online dating facilitates exploration of the differences between stated preference and actual choice by participants, as online daters willingly provide a range of demographics on their ideal partner. Using data from the Australian dating website RSVP, we analyze 219,013 contact decisions...
March 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261088/age-related-changes-in-the-ability-to-switch-between-temporal-and-spatial-attention
#19
Eleanor Callaghan, Carol Holland, Klaus Kessler
Background: Identifying age-related changes in cognition that contribute towards reduced driving performance is important for the development of interventions to improve older adults' driving and prolong the time that they can continue to drive. While driving, one is often required to switch from attending to events changing in time, to distribute attention spatially. Although there is extensive research into both spatial attention and temporal attention and how these change with age, the literature on switching between these modalities of attention is limited within any age group...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252991/reading-time-allocation-strategies-and-working-memory-using-rapid-serial-visual-presentation
#20
Jessica N Busler, Alejandro A Lazarte
Rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) is a useful method for controlling the timing of text presentations and studying how readers' characteristics, such as working memory (WM) and reading strategies for time allocation, influence text recall. In the current study, a modified version of RSVP (Moving Window RSVP [MW-RSVP]) was used to induce longer pauses at the ends of clauses and ends of sentences when reading texts with multiple embedded clauses. We studied if WM relates to allocation of time at end of clauses or sentences in a self-paced reading task and in 2 MW-RSVP reading conditions (Constant MW-RSVP and Paused MW-RSVP) in which the reading rate was kept constant or pauses were induced...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
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