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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678190/neonatal-and-congenital-malaria-a-case-series-in-malaria-endemic-eastern-uganda
#1
Peter Olupot-Olupot, Emma I E Eregu, Ketty Naizuli, Julie Ikiror, Linda Acom, Kathy Burgoine
BACKGROUND: Congenital malaria is the direct infection of an infant with malaria parasites from their mother prior to or during birth. Neonatal malaria is due to an infective mosquito bite after birth. Neonatal and congenital malaria (NCM) are potentially life-threatening conditions that are believed to occur at relatively low rates in malaria endemic regions. However, recent reports suggest that the number of NCM cases is increasing, and its epidemiology remains poorly described. NCM can mimic other neonatal conditions and because it is thought to be rare, blood film examinations for malaria are not always routinely performed...
April 20, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664875/do-not-resuscitate-orders-in-the-neonatal-icu-experiences-and-beliefs-among-staff
#2
Bonnie H Arzuaga, C Lydia Wraight, Christy L Cummings, Wenyang Mao, David Miedema, Dara D Brodsky
OBJECTIVES: Studies in adult patients have shown that do-not-resuscitate orders are often associated with decreased medical intervention. In neonatology, this phenomenon has not been investigated, and how do-not-resuscitate orders potentially affect clinical care is unknown. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record data review and staff survey responses about neonatal ICU do-not-resuscitate orders. SETTING: Four academic neonatal ICUs. SUBJECTS: Clinical staff members working in each neonatal ICU...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643892/association-of-in-hospital-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-aki-with-etiology-among-newborns-at-a-tertiary-care-unit
#3
Muhammad Asghar Ali, Abdur Rehman, Ejaz Ahmed
Objective: To determine association of in-hospital outcome of AKI with etiology in newborns at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Pediatric Neonatology, The Children's Hospital and Institute of the Child Health, Multan by using non-probability purposive sampling technique from June 2016 to June 2017. A total of 101 newborns diagnosed with acute kidney injury were registered. Etiological factors were assessed and these patients were followed till discharge to monitor in-hospital outcomes...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627403/ventilatory-practices-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-level-iii-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
S Abreu-Pereira, R Pinto-Lopes, F Flôr-de-Lima, G Rocha, H Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Although non-invasive forms of ventilation have recently spread in neonatology, invasive ventilation still plays a key role in the support of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in neonatal ventilation practices for ELBW infants and compare outcomes between two epochs (2005-2009 vs. 2010-2015) to analyze progression stemming from the implementation of newer clinical guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with data collection from all ELBW infants born between 2005 and 2015 in our center through their individual clinical records...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608321/management-of-pregnancy-sensitized-with-anti-inb-with-monocyte-monolayer-assay-and-maternal-blood-donation
#5
Raj Shree, Kimberly K Ma, Lay S Er, Meghan Delaney
Maternal red blood cell (RBC) alloantibodies can cause hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Although much is described about common antibodies associated with HDFN, management of a pregnancy complicated by a maternal rare antibody presents several challenges related to assessment of fetal anemia risk, availability of blood for transfusion to the mother and/or the fetus or newborn if needed, and planning for delivery in the case of maternal hemorrhage. Here we report the laboratory medicine workup of a patient who presented for obstetrical care in the United States in the third trimester and had a rare antibody (anti-Inb)...
January 2018: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576209/-intervention-and-role-of-the-paediatrician-in-the-delivery-room
#6
Yohan Sorèze
Some newborns require the presence of a paediatrician in the delivery room, for emergency care. This generally leads to hospitalisation in neonatal intensive care or neonatology. Prematurity and respiratory distress are the main causes. These unexpected situations are a source of anxiety for the parents. It is essential that the multidisciplinary team draws on both its technical and relational expertise, in order to provide optimal treatment to the infant while supporting the parents with the necessary empathy...
March 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566381/the-research-cycle-improving-care-and-outcomes-for-newborn-infants
#7
William McGuire, Henry L Halliday
Ensuring that policies and practice in perinatal care are informed by evidence from high-quality research is fundamental to improving outcomes for newborn infants and their families. Effective interventions in the perinatal period can have a life-long impact disproportionate to their costs. Many of the major advances in care that have transformed outcomes for preterm and sick newborn infants have been informed by empirical and applied health research. Conversely, there are examples of life-long adverse consequences for infants and families that are a legacy of practices based on poor-quality evidence...
March 22, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564635/-pain-therapy-for-premature-babies-and-neonates
#8
M Richter, B Seipolt
Pain is a central topic on neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Acute as well as prolonged (continuous and chronic) pain frequently occurs. Due to a lack of validated physiological measurement instruments for pain (e. g. saliva cortisol, skin conductance and heart rate variability) pain in neonatology can only be assessed by external observation through the bedside team with pain scores using a regular, standardized procedure. During this very vulnerable period pain and medications (analgesics/sedatives) can negatively influence the brain development of premature babies and neonates...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545621/a-directory-for-neonatal-intensive-care-potential-for-facilitating-network-based-research-in-neonatology
#9
Ronald L Ariagno, Henry C Lee, David K Stevenson, Daniel K Benjamin, P Brian Smith, Marilyn B Escobedo, Dilip R Bhatt
Directories of contact information have evolved over time from thick paperback times such as the "Yellow Pages" to electronic forms that are searchable and have other functionalities. In our clinical specialty, the development of a professional directory helped to promote collaboration in clinical care, education, and quality improvement. However, there are opportunities for increasing the utility of the directory by taking advantage of modern web-based tools, and expanding the use of the directory to fill a gap in the area of collaborative research...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526348/interventions-in-the-operating-room-for-children-near-end-of-life-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#10
Marianne Goudreault, Nago Humbert, France Gauvin, Monia Marzouki, Catherine K Beaumier, Dickens St-Vil, Nelson Piché
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons are often involved in the management of severely or terminally ill patients. However, articles addressing their specific roles in the context of palliative care are almost inexistent. We sought to characterize the involvement of pediatric surgeons caring for children near end of life. METHODS: Chart review of children who had a procedure under general anesthesia within 6months of their death over a five-year period at a tertiary children's hospital (excluding traumas and neonatology cases)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500216/negotiating-acceptable-termination-of-pregnancy-for-non-lethal-fetal-anomaly-a-qualitative-study-of-professional-perspectives
#11
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the perspectives of professionals around the issue of termination of pregnancy for non-lethal fetal anomaly (TOPFA). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with medical professionals (14 consultants in fetal medicine, obstetrics, neonatology and paediatrics) and social care professionals (nine individuals with roles supporting people living with impairment) from the Northeast of England. Analysis adopted an inductive thematic approach facilitated by NVivo...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488547/-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-consumption-in-a-neonatology-unit-a-team-work-to-promote-the-rational-use-of-antibiotics
#12
Elisa Jiménez, Nicolás Valls, Patricio Astudillo, Cristian Valls, Gabriel Cavada, Alejandra Sandoval, Angélica Alegría, Gabriela Ortega, Daniela Núñez, Patricia Mena
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics (ATB) are drugs widely used in hospitalized newborns. The indiscriminate use of ATBs promote the rise of resistant bacteria to the most commonly indicated antimicrobials. In addition, ATB prescription presents associations to morbidity, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis, late sepsis and even death. All of the above leads to an increase in health care costs. AIM: To record and to evaluate trends of antibiotic use over time in hospitalized NB in the Neonatology Unit at Dr...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486919/-follow-up-protocol-for-newborns-of-birthweight-less-than-1500-g-or-less-than-32-weeks-gestation
#13
Carmen Pallás Alonso, Pilar García González, Ana Jimenez Moya, Begoña Loureiro González, Yolanda Martín Peinador, Javier Soriano Faura, María José Torres Valdivieso, Gemma Ginovart Galiana
The mortality of children with a birthweight of less than 1500g or with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks (<1500<32) has decreased significantly in the last 20 years or so. Given the higher risk of disability in these children, follow-up after hospital discharge is considered essential. In this document, the Follow-Up Group of the Spanish Society of Neonatology, in collaboration with the Spanish Society of Paediatric Primary Care, propose a follow-up protocol specific for the<1500<32, which has as its aim to standardise the activities and evaluations according to good practice criteria...
February 24, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478349/utilization-of-conventional-radiography-in-a-regional-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-ireland
#14
Miranda R Crealey, Louise Bowden, Evodia Ludusan, Mohammad Pathan, Brian Kenny, Ailish Hannigan, Roy K Philip
OBJECTIVE: To audit the demand and radiation exposure of conventional radiography in a regional neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Ireland. METHODS: A retrospective study of radiographs performed on all admissions to the NICU in university Maternity Hospital limerick (UMHL) over 2 years. RESULTS: A total of 1405 radiographs were performed on 506 infants. 153.5 radiographs per 1000 live births was the observed demand and 44% of radiographs were done out of hours...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440830/impact-of-intensive-care-unit-attending-physician-training-background-on-outcomes-in-children-undergoing-heart-operations
#15
Priya Bhaskar, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Jeffrey M Gossett, Punkaj Gupta
Background: The existing training pathways to become a pediatric cardiac intensivist are very variable with physicians coming from varied training backgrounds of pediatric critical care, pediatric cardiology, neonatology, or pediatric anesthesia. Aim: To evaluate the impact of cardiac Intensive Care Unit (ICU) attending physician training background on outcomes in children undergoing heart operations. Setting and Design: Patients in the age group from 1 day to 18 years undergoing heart operation at a Pediatric Health Information System database participating hospital were included (2010-2015)...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433691/microbiote-intestinal-du-nouveau-n%C3%A3-impact-des-antibiotiques
#16
J Aires
Antibiotics are involved act directly or indirectly on the intestinal microbiota. The consequences of changing microbiota equilibrium are an increased risk of developing certain pathologies and the emergence of resistant bacteria. In view of the new information accumulated in recent years, a more reasonable use of antibiotics in neonatology is all the more justified. In this sense, the forthcoming publication of new recommendations for the care of early neonatal bacterial infections seems to be a good initiative...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419329/understanding-gastroschisis-and-its-clinical-management-where-are-we
#17
Candace Haddock, Erik D Skarsgard
Gastroschisis is the commonest developmental defect of the anterior abdominal wall in both developed and developing countries. The past 30 years have seen transformational improvements in outcome due to advances in neonatal intensive care and enhanced integration between the disciplines of maternal fetal medicine, neonatology and pediatric surgery. A review of gastroschisis, which emphasizes its epidemiology, multidisciplinary care strategies and contemporary outcomes is timely. Areas covered: This review discusses the current state of knowledge related to prevalence and causation, and postulated embryopathologic mechanisms contributing to the development of gastroschisis...
April 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414846/pediatric-palliative-care-in-infants-and-neonates
#18
REVIEW
Brian S Carter
The application of palliative and hospice care to newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been evident for over 30 years. This article addresses the history, current considerations, and anticipated future needs for palliative and hospice care in the NICU, and is based on recent literature review. Neonatologists have long managed the entirety of many newborns' short lives, given the relatively high mortality rates associated with prematurity and birth defects, but their ability or willingness to comprehensively address of the continuum of interdisciplinary palliative, end of life, and bereavement care has varied widely...
February 7, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408748/comparison-of-outcomes-between-induction-of-labor-and-spontaneous-labor-for-term-breech-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Wen Sun, Fen Liu, Shiliang Liu, Sara-Michelle Gratton, Darine El-Chaar, Shi Wu Wen, Dunjin Chen
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have assessed the impact of induction of labor on breech presentation. This study aims to summarize the effect of induction of labor of breech presentation on perinatal morbidity. METHODS: Literature review was done in Medline, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane Library up to 20 October 2017. Randomized control studies, cohort studies, and case control publishing studies comparing induction of labor versus spontaneous labor of singleton live breech birth were included...
March 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406472/novel-approach-to-emergency-departments-pediatric-readiness-across-a-health-system
#20
Isabel A Barata, Joriane M Stadnyck, Meredith Akerman, Kate OʼNeill, Jill Castaneda, Anupama Subramony, Paula Fessler, Charles Schleien, John DʼAngelo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A gap analysis of emergency departments' (EDs') pediatric readiness across a health system was performed after the appointment of a service line health system pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) quality director. METHODS: A 55-question survey was completed by each eligible ED to generate a weighted pediatric readiness score (WPRS). The survey included questions regarding volume, ED configuration, presence of a pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC), quality initiatives, policies and procedures, and equipment...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
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