keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Effectiveness of applied behavior analysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148355/vertical-integration-of-hospitals-and-physicians-economic-theory-and-empirical-evidence-on-spending-and-quality
#1
Brady Post, Tom Buchmueller, Andrew M Ryan
Hospital-physician vertical integration is on the rise. While increased efficiencies may be possible, emerging research raises concerns about anticompetitive behavior, spending increases, and uncertain effects on quality. In this review, we bring together several of the key theories of vertical integration that exist in the neoclassical and institutional economics literatures and apply these theories to the hospital-physician relationship. We also conduct a literature review of the effects of vertical integration on prices, spending, and quality in the growing body of evidence ( n = 15) to evaluate which of these frameworks have the strongest empirical support...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147837/development-of-saap3d-force-field-and-the-application-to-replica-exchange-monte-carlo-simulation-for-chignolin-and-c-peptide
#2
Michio Iwaoka, Toshiki Suzuki, Yuya Shoji, Kenichi Dedachi, Taku Shimosato, Toshiya Minezaki, Hironobu Hojo, Hiroyuki Onuki, Hiroshi Hirota
Single amino acid potential (SAAP) would be a prominent factor to determine peptide conformations. To prove this hypothesis, we previously developed SAAP force field for molecular simulation of polypeptides. In this study, the force field was renovated to SAAP3D force field by applying more accurate three-dimensional main-chain parameters, instead of the original two-dimensional ones, for the amino acids having a long side-chain. To demonstrate effectiveness of the SAAP3D force field, replica-exchange Monte Carlo (REMC) simulation was performed for two benchmark short peptides, chignolin (H-GYDPETGTWG-OH) and C-peptide (CHO-AETAAAKFLRAHA-NH2)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143541/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chinese-people-a-meta-analysis
#3
Ting Kin Ng, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
OBJECTIVE: Over the past decade, cognitive behavioral therapy has been applied to an increasingly wider range of disorders and problems in Chinese societies. However, no meta-analysis has been conducted to synthesize the studies on cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese clients. The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to examine the overall efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese people. METHOD: A literature search was conducted using electronic databases, including Web of Science, PsycINFO and PubMed...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140651/fda-required-tobacco-product-inserts-onserts%C3%A2-and-the-first-amendment
#4
Eric N Lindblom, Micah L Berman, James F Thrasher
In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137787/ultrasound-impact-on-whey-protein-concentrate-pectin-complexes-and-in-the-o-w-emulsions-with-low-oil-soybean-content-stabilization
#5
Kivia M Albano, Vânia R Nicoletti
Consumers' preference for products with reduced levels of fat increased in the last years. Proteins and polysaccharides have an important role due to their functional and interaction properties because, when combined in ratios and pH of higher potential for electrostatic interactions they may act as emulsifiers or stabilizers. This study evaluated the ultrasound impact on the electrostatic interaction between pectin (PEC) and whey protein concentrate (WPC) at different WPC:PEC ratios (1:1 to 5:1), and its effect on the emulsification and stability of emulsions formulated with WPC:PEC blends (1:1, 4:1) at low soybean oil contents (5 to 15%)...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137527/binding-modes-of-bcl-2-homology-3-bh3-peptides-with-anti-apoptotic-protein-a1-and-redesign-of-peptide-inhibitors-a-computational-study
#6
Yantao Chen, Jun Wang, Jian Zhang, Wei Wang
The interaction between protein and peptide ligand is a challenging problem in molecular biology and drug design. The binding of the Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3) peptide to the anti-apoptotic protein A1 was revealed as a critical step in the regulation of apoptosis. These BH3 peptides hold high structural similarity, but are diverse in their regulation abilities. Based on molecular simulations and MM-P(G)BSA methods, this work presented a detailed analysis on binding mechanism of the BH3 peptides derived from PUMA and BMF...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136921/voltammetric-detection-of-antimony-in-natural-water-on-cathodically-pretreated-microcrystalline-boron-doped-diamond-electrode-a-possibility-how-to-eliminate-interference-of-arsenic-without-surface-modification
#7
Zuzana Lukáčová-Chomisteková, Eva Culková, Renata Bellová, Danica Melicherčíková, Jaroslav Durdiak, Ernest Beinrohr, Miroslav Rievaj, Peter Tomčík
Very simple and fast electroanalytical method for the detection Sb(III) on chemically unmodified boron-doped diamond electrode (BDDE) has been developed. Voltammetric behavior of antimony was investigated in various acidic supporting electrolytes and the most suitable medium for the determination of Sb(III) on bare BDDE has been 6molL(-1) HClO4 solution. The analytical performance was studied with differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) with optimized conditions (deposition potential -1V vs...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132098/understanding-the-mechanism-for-the-mechanical-property-degradation-of-a-lithium-disilicate-glass-ceramic-by-annealing
#8
D Li, X C Li, Z Z Zhang, S F Zhang, L He
Post-crystallization annealing above the Tg was applied to a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic with microstructure consisting of glassy matrix and rod-like lithium disilicate crystals, effect of the annealing on the mechanical behavior was investigated. Flexural strength and VIF toughness of the glass-ceramic unexpectedly decreased after the annealing. The mechanical behavior variation was understood based on residual micro-stress analysis. Coefficient of thermal expansion for the glassy matrix presented a tendency to increase after the annealing, which would enlarge the thermal expansion mismatch between the glassy matrix and the lithium disilicate crystals...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132076/kinematic-analysis-of-direct-pointing-in-projection-based-stereoscopic-environments
#9
Chiuhsiang Joe Lin, Bereket Haile Woldegiorgis
This work investigated the effects of visual information, parallax, and target positions on movement performances in projection-based stereoscopic displays (PSDs). Fifteen (26.5 ± 3.83 years) self-declared right-handed individuals, with normal or corrected to normal visual acuity, completed pointing tasks in stereoscopic and real environments (RE). Three-dimensional spatial data, recorded by a motion system composed of six infrared cameras, was used to compute kinematics of reaching a real/virtual object at a combination of three parallax and nine frontal planar positions...
November 10, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131506/development-of-a-capillary-electrophoresis-method-for-the-determination-of-the-chiral-purity-of-dextromethorphan-by-a-dual-selector-system-using-quality-by-design-methodology
#10
Sulaiman Krait, Matthias Heuermann, Gerhard K E Scriba
Dextromethorphan is a centrally acting antitussive drug, while its enantiomer levomethorphan is an illicit drug with opioid analgesic effects. As capillary electrophoresis has been proven as an ideal technique for enantiomer analysis, the present study was conducted in order to develop a capillary-electrophoresis-based limit test for levomethorphan. The analytical target profile was defined that the method should be able to determine levomethorphan with acceptable precision and accuracy at the 0.1 % level. From initial scouting experiments, a dual selector system consisting of sulfated β-cyclodextrin and methyl-α-cyclodextrin was identified...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126633/mechanical-behavior-of-endodontically-restored-canine-teeth-effects-of-ferrule-post-material-and-shape
#11
Pietro Ausiello, Stefano Ciaramella, Massimo Martorelli, Antonio Lanzotti, Fernando Zarone, David C Watts, Antonio Gloria
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a ferrule design with specific post material-shape combinations on the mechanical behavior of post-restored canine teeth. METHODS: Micro-CT scan images of an intact canine were used to create a 3-D tessellated CAD model, from which the shapes of dentin, pulp and enamel were obtained and geometric models of post-endodontically restored teeth were created. Two types of 15mm post were evaluated: a quartz fiber post with conical-tapered shape, and a carbon (C) fiber post with conical-cylindrical shape...
November 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111478/verbal-working-memory-and-functional-large-scale-networks-in-schizophrenia
#12
Maria R Dauvermann, Thomas Wj Moorhead, Andrew R Watson, Barbara Duff, Liana Romaniuk, Jeremy Hall, Neil Roberts, Graham L Lee, Zoë A Hughes, Nicholas J Brandon, Brandon Whitcher, Douglas Hr Blackwood, Andrew M McIntosh, Stephen M Lawrie
The aim of this study was to test whether bilinear and nonlinear effective connectivity (EC) measures of working memory fMRI data can differentiate between patients with schizophrenia (SZ) and healthy controls (HC). We applied bilinear and nonlinear Dynamic Causal Modeling (DCM) for the analysis of verbal working memory in 16 SZ and 21 HC. The connection strengths with nonlinear modulation between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra (VTA/SN) were evaluated...
October 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110520/parental-concerns-and-attributions-of-food-pickiness-and-its-consequences-for-the-parent-child-relationship-a-qualitative-analysis
#13
Bérengère Rubio, Natalie Rigal
A qualitative study was conducted to identify how parents describe and attribute their toddler's food pickiness, a common pediatric problem during childhood. Parental strategies to respond to picky behaviors were also explored in this study. Focus groups were used with 38 parents of children aged 18-38 months. Results highlighted several consequences of child pickiness such as parental concerns about child's growth and health, conflicts at mealtime, and feelings of guilt. Parents attributed food pickiness mainly as a manifestation of opposition and assertiveness by their child...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108081/-workplace-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-a-systematic-review
#14
Ina Becker, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Robert Rupp, Jens Bucksch
Background Sedentary behaviour is a health risk factor independent of physical activity. Interventions that aim to reduce sitting at the workplace are particularly important as office workers spend a large proportion of their working hours sitting. This systematic review examines whether these interventions (SB or PA interventions during work time) reduce sitting time among office workers and which variables moderate intervention effects. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted from April to May 2016 in the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097352/examining-e-loyalty-in-a-sexual-health-website-cross-sectional-study
#15
Alexandra Nunn, Rik Crutzen, Devon Haag, Cathy Chabot, Anna Carson, Gina Ogilvie, Jean Shoveller, Mark Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Web-based sexual health resources are typically evaluated in terms of their efficacy. Information is lacking about how sexual health promotion websites are perceived and used. It is essential to understand website use to address challenges with adherence and attrition to Web-based health interventions. An existing theoretical framework for examining loyalty to electronic health (eHealth) interventions has been not yet been applied in the context of sexual health promotion nor has the association between e-loyalty and intended intervention efficacy outcomes been investigated...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092565/flow-induced-vibration-analysis-of-constricted-artery-models-with-surrounding-soft-tissue
#16
Huseyin Enes Salman, Yigit Yazicioglu
Arterial stenosis is a vascular pathology which leads to serious cardiovascular diseases. Blood flow through a constriction generates sound and vibration due to fluctuating turbulent pressures. Generated vibro-acoustic waves propagate through surrounding soft tissues and reach the skin surface and may provide valuable insight for noninvasive diagnostic purposes. Motivated by the aforementioned phenomena, vibration of constricted arteries is investigated employing computational models. The flow-induced pressure field in an artery is modeled as broadband harmonic pressure loading based on previous studies in the literature and applied on the inner artery wall...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090437/characterization-of-modified-biochars-prepared-at-low-pyrolysis-temperature-as-an-efficient-adsorbent-for-atrazine-removal
#17
Lulu Zhao, Fan Yang, Qun Jiang, Moran Zhu, Zhao Jiang, Yi Tang, Ying Zhang
In this study, biochars (BC, ZnBC, and PBC) produced from wheat straw at relatively lower pyrolysis are successfully fabricated using different pretreatment techniques (without and with ZnCl2 or H3PO4). The specific surface area (SSA), elemental analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) are used to analyze physicochemical properties of unmodified and modified biochars. ZnBC and PBC show higher specific surface area and more micropore structure than pure BC. Kinetic models (pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, and intra-particle diffusion) as well as isotherm models (Langmuir and Freundlich) are applied to analyze adsorption behavior...
October 31, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089642/the-effects-of-static-and-dynamic-loading-on-biodegradable-magnesium-pins-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#18
Youngmi Koo, Hae-Beom Lee, Zhongyun Dong, Ruben Kotoka, Jagannathan Sankar, Nan Huang, Yeoheung Yun
Here we systematically assess the degradation of biodegradable magnesium pins (as-drawn pure Mg, as-cast Mg-Zn-Mn, and extruded Mg-Zn-Mn) in a bioreactor applying cyclical loading and simulated body fluid (SBF) perfusion. Cyclical mechanical loading and interstitial flow accelerated the overall corrosion rate, leading to loss of mechanical strength. When compared to the in vivo degradation (degradation rate, product formation, uniform or localized pitting, and stress distribution) of the same materials in mouse subcutaneous and dog tibia implant models, we demonstrate that the in vitro model facilitates the analysis of the complex degradation behavior of Mg-based alloys in vivo...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080041/bariatric-surgery-to-reduce-mortality-in-us-adults-a-public-health-perspective-from-the-analysis-of-the-american-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-linked-to-the-us-mortality-register
#19
Maddalena Gaeta, Emanuele Rausa, Alexis E Malavazos, Luigi Bonavina, Cornelius M Smuts, Cristian Ricci
BACKGROUND: Type II obesity represents a major pandemic and public health threat in high-income countries. Type II obesity increases the risk of all-cause and specific-cause mortality, and it is widely acknowledged that bariatric surgery represents the only effective therapeutic option in these patients. The aim of the present study was to estimate US population attributable risk for all-cause and cause-specific mortality in type II obese subjects undergoing weight loss as resulting from bariatric surgery alone and supplemented with behavioral intervention...
October 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078735/a-mindful-approach-to-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support-for-veterans
#20
Monica DiNardo, Shaddy Saba, Carol M Greco, Lauren Broyles, Lauren Terhorst, Eileen R Chasens, Brandi Bair, Denise Charron-Prochownik, Susan Cohen
Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine feasibility, satisfaction, and preliminary effects of Mindful Stress Reduction in Diabetes Education (Mind-STRIDE), a mindfulness-based intervention for veterans. Methods The study used a single-group pretest-posttest repeated-measures design. The 90-minute Mind-STRIDE training, adapted from Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), was provided as the final component of a half-day diabetes self-management education class at a Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient diabetes clinic...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
keyword
keyword
49057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"