keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Effectiveness of applied behavior analysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784897/effect-of-alcohol-use-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-iran-a-coarsened-exact-matching-approach
#1
Mehdi Noroozi, Brandon D L Marshall, Alireza Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hamid Sharifi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Abbasi, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have recognized the importance of sexual and injection risk behaviors in HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). We aimed to examine effect of alcohol use on sexual and injection risky behavior using coarsened exact matching (CEM) approach among PWID in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted from Mar to Aug 2016 in Tehran, Iran. PWID were recruited by a convenience and snowball sampling from five of Drop-in Centers (DICs) in Tehran...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783121/the-influence-of-nail-blocking-conditions-in-cattle-femoral-fractures
#2
Leopoldo A Paolucci, Estevam B Las Casas, Rafael R Faleiros, Cahuê F R Paz, Sergio S Rocha Junior
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of different fixation strategies of the intramedullary interlocking nail (IIN) on the mechanical behavior of a polymeric implant applied for femoral fracture fixation in calves, and to evaluate the performance of a glass fiber-reinforced polymer applied in a bovine femoral fracture reduction system, five Holstein male animals with a mean weight (±SD) of 62.8 ± 20.4 kg and aged 74 ± 15 were used to generate biomechanical parameters for this study...
May 7, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781180/identifying-predictive-behavioral-markers-a-demonstration-using-automatically-reinforced-self-injurious-behavior
#3
Louis P Hagopian, Griffin W Rooker, Gayane Yenokyan
Predictive biomarkers (PBioMs) are objective biological measures that predict response to medical treatments for diseases. The current study translates methods used in the field of precision medicine to identify PBioMs to identify parallel predictive behavioral markers (PBMs), defined as objective behavioral measures that predict response to treatment. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by examining the accuracy of two PBMs for automatically reinforced self-injurious behavior (ASIB). Results of the analysis indicated both functioned as good to excellent PBMs...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781060/effects-of-physical-and-chemical-aspects-on-membrane-fouling-and-cleaning-using-interfacial-free-energy-analysis-in-forward-osmosis
#4
Wanzhu Zhang, Bingzhi Dong
Natural organic matter (NOM) in micro-polluted water purification using membranes is a critical issue to handle. Understanding the fouling mechanism in the forward osmosis (FO) process, particularly identifying the predominant factor that controls membrane fouling, could have significant effects on exerting the advantages of FO technique. Cellulose triacetate no-woven (CTA-NW) membrane is applied to experiments with a high removal efficiency (> 99%) for the model foulant. Tannic acid (TA) is used as a surrogate foulant for NOM in the membrane fouling process, thus enabling the analysis of the effects of physical and chemical aspects of water flux, retention, and adsorption...
May 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773818/predicting-transmission-blocking-potential-of-anti-malarial-compounds-in-the-mosquito-feeding-assay-using-plasmodium-falciparum-male-gamete-inhibition-assay
#5
Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Sonia Lozano, Carolina González-Cortés, David Calvo, Juliana Sanchez-Garcia, Jesús-Luís Presa Matilla, Didier Leroy, Janneth Rodrigues
Plasmodium falciparum Standard Membrane Feeding Assay (PfSMFA) is the current gold standard mosquito based confirmatory transmission blocking (TrB) assay for human malaria. However, owing to its complexity only selected gametocytocidal molecules are progressed into SMFA. Predictive tools for evaluation of TrB behavior of compounds in SMFA would be extremely beneficial, but lack of substantially large data sets from many mosquito feeds preempts the ability to perform correlations between outcomes from in vitro assays and SMFA...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#6
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762103/differentiation-analysis-of-continuous-electroencephalographic-activity-triggered-by-video-clip-contents
#7
Armand Mensen, William Marshall, Shuntaro Sasai, Giulio Tononi
While viewing a video clip, we experience a wide variety of contents, from low-level features of the images to high-level ideas such as the storyline. Each change in our experience must be supported by some corresponding change in neurophysiological activity. Differentiation analysis, which quantifies the differences in brain activity by measuring the distances between observed brain states, was applied here to continuous high-density electroencephalographic data recorded while participants watched short video clips...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760645/systems-analysis-of-human-visuo-myoelectric-control-facilitated-by-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-healthy-humans
#8
Vinh Kha, Aguida S Foerster, Susan Bennett, Michael A Nitsche, Filip Stefanovic, Anirban Dutta
Induction of neuroplasticity by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the primary motor cortex facilitates motor learning of the upper extremities in healthy humans. The impact of tDCS on lower limb functions has not been studied extensively so far. In this study, we applied a system identification approach to investigate the impact of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of the leg area of the motor cortex via the human visuo-myoelectric controller. The visuo-myoelectric reaching task (VMT) involves ballistic muscle contraction after a visual cue...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759943/randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-based-4-week-tdcs-in-chronic-minimally-conscious-state
#9
Géraldine Martens, Nicolas Lejeune, Anthony Terrence O'Brien, Felipe Fregni, Charlotte Martial, Sarah Wannez, Steven Laureys, Aurore Thibaut
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic disorders of consciousness face a significant lack of treatment options. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at investigating the feasibility and the behavioral effects of home-based transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), applied by relatives or caregivers, in chronic patients in minimally conscious state (MCS). METHODS: Each participant received, in a randomized order, 20 sessions of active and 20 sessions of sham tDCS applied over the prefrontal cortex for 4 weeks; separated by 8 weeks of washout...
May 2, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759236/rapid-synthesis-of-three-dimensional-sulfur-doped-porous-graphene-via-solid-state-microwave-irradiation-for-protein-removal-in-plasma-sample-pretreatment
#10
Fan Li, Linyi Lu, Die Gao, Min Wang, Dandan Wang, Zhining Xia
In this work, we prepared three-dimensional sulfur-doped porous graphene (3D-SPG) via solid-state microwave method and first introduced it to plasma sample pretreatment as adsorbent for the removal of proteins. The efficient heating effect of solid-state microwave irradiation endowed the as-prepared 3D-SPG with large specific surface area, porous structures and sulfur-doped conjugated π electron surface, thus producing an outstanding adsorbent for proteins adsorption. The adsorption behavior of 3D-SPG towards proteins was explored using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the model protein and several kinetic models and isotherm models were employed to describe the adsorption process...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758691/self-avoiding-walk-on-a-square-lattice-with-correlated-vacancies
#11
J Cheraghalizadeh, M N Najafi, H Mohammadzadeh, A Saber
The self-avoiding walk on the square site-diluted correlated percolation lattice is considered. The Ising model is employed to realize the spatial correlations of the metric space. As a well-accepted result, the (generalized) Flory's mean-field relation is tested to measure the effect of correlation. After exploring a perturbative Fokker-Planck-like equation, we apply an enriched Rosenbluth Monte Carlo method to study the problem. To be more precise, the winding angle analysis is also performed from which the diffusivity parameter of Schramm-Loewner evolution theory (κ) is extracted...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758004/hand-held-refractometer-based-measurement-and-excess-permittivity-analysis-method-for-detection-of-diesel-oils-adulterated-by-kerosene-in-field-conditions
#12
Boniphace Kanyathare, Kai-Erik Peiponen
Adulteration of fuels is a major problem, especially in developing and third world countries. One such case is the adulteration of diesel oil by kerosene. This problem contributes to air pollution, which leads to other far-reaching adverse effects, such as climate change. The objective of this study was to develop a relatively easy measurement method based on an inexpensive, handheld Abbe refractometer for the detection of adulteration and estimation of the ascending order of the amount of kerosene present in adulterated samples in field conditions...
May 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757799/improved-detection-of-vowel-envelope-frequency-following-responses-using-hotelling-s-t2-analysis
#13
Frederique J Vanheusden, Steven L Bell, Michael A Chesnaye, David M Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Objective detection of brainstem responses to natural speech stimuli is an important tool for the evaluation of hearing aid fitting, especially in people who may not be able to respond reliably in behavioral tests. Of particular interest is the envelope frequency following response (eFFR), which refers to the EEG response at the stimulus' fundamental frequency (and its harmonics), and here in particular to the response to natural spoken vowel sounds. This article introduces the frequency-domain Hotelling's T (HT2) method for eFFR detection...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754047/relationships-of-bone-characteristics-in-myo9b-deficient-femurs
#14
Do-Gyoon Kim, Yong-Hoon Jeong, Brooke K McMichael, Martin Bähler, Kyle Bodnyk, Ryan Sedlar, Beth S Lee
The objective of this study was to examine relationships among a variety of bone characteristics, including volumetric, mineral density, geometric, dynamic mechanical analysis, and static fracture mechanical properties. As MYO9B is an unconventional myosin in bone cells responsible for normal skeletal growth, bone characteristics of wild-type (WT), heterozygous (HET), and MYO9B knockout (KO) mice groups were compared as an animal model to express different bone quantity and quality. Forty-five sex-matched 12-week-old mice were used in this study...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754044/relating-n-2-o-emissions-during-biological-nitrogen-removal-with-operating-conditions-using-multivariate-statistical-techniques
#15
V Vasilaki, E I P Volcke, A K Nandi, M C M van Loosdrecht, E Katsou
Multivariate statistical analysis was applied to investigate the dependencies and underlying patterns between N2 O emissions and online operational variables (dissolved oxygen and nitrogen component concentrations, temperature and influent flow-rate) during biological nitrogen removal from wastewater. The system under study was a full-scale reactor, for which hourly sensor data were available. The 15-month long monitoring campaign was divided into 10 sub-periods based on the profile of N2 O emissions, using Binary Segmentation...
April 26, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751621/investigative-method-for-fatigue-crack-propagation-based-on-a-small-time-scale
#16
Hongxun Wang, Weifang Zhang, Jingyu Zhang, Wei Dai, Yan Zhao
In-situ scanning electron microscopy (SEM) testing based on a small time scale is proposed to integrally investigate the fatigue crack growth behavior and mechanisms, which is different from the widely-used, cycle-based approach due to its small time scale and comprehensive analysis of the effects of microstructure, crack closure and applied loading on crack growth. In the proposed methodology, the behavior of fatigue crack growth at any time within a loading cycle is observed by SEM to investigate the influence of microstructure on crack growth...
May 11, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746177/exploration-of-effective-persuasive-strategies-used-in-resisting-product-advertising-a-case-study-of-adult-health-check-ups
#17
Han-Kuang Tien, Wen Chung
This research addressed adults' health check-ups through the lens of Role Transportation Theory. This theory is applied to narrative advertising that lures adults into seeking health check-ups by causing audiences to empathize with the advertisement's character. This study explored the persuasive mechanism behind narrative advertising and reinforced the Protection Motivation Theory model. We added two key perturbation variables: optimistic bias and truth avoidance. To complete the verification hypothesis, we performed two experiments...
May 10, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742476/competitive-adsorption-of-cd-2-pb-2-and-ni-2-onto-fe-3-modified-argillaceous-limestone-influence-of-ph-ionic-strength-and-natural-organic-matters
#18
Shuran He, Yongtao Li, Liping Weng, Jinjin Wang, Jinxian He, Yonglin Liu, Kun Zhang, Qihong Wu, Yulong Zhang, Zhen Zhang
In present study, the feasibility of applying a natural adsorbent with Fe3+ modification (Fe3+ -modified argillaceous limestone, FAL) on the competitive adsorption of heavy metals (i.e., Cd2+ , Pb2+ and Ni2+ ) was evaluated. The current results revealed an efficient adsorption on Cd2+ , Pb2+ and Ni2+ in mono-metal system. Further experiments demonstrated a high selectivity of Pb2+ during the competitive adsorption of Cd2+ , Pb2+ and Ni2+ . The adsorption selectivity of the metal ions followed the order of Pb ≫ Cd > Ni...
May 6, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#19
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740550/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-health-behavior-and-physical-activity-on-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Yong Hwan Kim, Hongkyu Kim, Haemi Jee
Routine medical checkups have been provided by both the government-led and private hospitals for the purposes of prevention and early detection of diseases. Various studies were conducted with clinical results obtained from both government and private hospital based results. However, results from two types of health checkups have not been conducted. The results should be compared for the prevalence of metabolic disease in the aspects of socioeconomic status and health care behaviors to observe the pros and cons of two types of health checkups...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
49057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"