keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Relational frame theory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929013/constructing-three-emotion-knowledge-tests-from-the-invariant-measurement-approach
#1
Ana R Delgado, Gerardo Prieto, Debora I Burin
BACKGROUND: Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of this study was the construction and initial validation of Emotion Knowledge measures from the CAT frame by means of an invariant measurement approach, the Rasch Model (RM). Psychological distance theory was used to inform item generation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928679/determinants-of-judgments-of-explanatory-power-credibility-generality-and-statistical-relevance
#2
Matteo Colombo, Leandra Bucher, Jan Sprenger
Explanation is a central concept in human psychology. Drawing upon philosophical theories of explanation, psychologists have recently begun to examine the relationship between explanation, probability and causality. Our study advances this growing literature at the intersection of psychology and philosophy of science by systematically investigating how judgments of explanatory power are affected by (i) the prior credibility of an explanatory hypothesis, (ii) the causal framing of the hypothesis, (iii) the perceived generalizability of the explanation, and (iv) the relation of statistical relevance between hypothesis and evidence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922005/behavioral-activation-in-tfp-the-role-of-the-treatment-contract-in-transference-focused-psychotherapy
#3
Frank E Yeomans, Jill C Delaney, Kenneth N Levy
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a manualized evidence-based treatment for borderline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic object relations theory. Similar to other psychodynamic psychotherapies, TFP focuses on changing psychological structures, but also focuses on symptom and behavioral change, particularly the importance of being active (e.g., obtaining a job or involvement in similar activities). In TFP, the establishment of the treatment contract, also known as the treatment frame, is where goals such as work and other activities are agreed upon...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885628/fluctuation-tension-and-shape-transition-of-vesicles-renormalisation-calculations-and-monte-carlo-simulations
#5
Guillaume Gueguen, Nicolas Destainville, Manoel Manghi
It has been known for long that the fluctuation surface tension of membranes r, computed from the height fluctuation spectrum, is not equal to the bare surface tension σ, which is introduced in the theory either as a Lagrange multiplier to conserve the total membrane area or as an external constraint. In this work we relate these two surface tensions both analytically and numerically. They are also compared to the Laplace tension γ, and the mechanical frame tension τ. Using the Helfrich model and one-loop renormalisation calculations, we obtain, in addition to the effective bending modulus κeff, a new expression for the effective surface tension σeff = σ - εkBT/(2ap) where kBT is the thermal energy, ap the projected cut-off area, and ε = 3 or 1 according to the allowed configurations that keep either the projected area or the total area constant...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870332/rethinking-covert-stuttering
#6
Christopher Dominick Constantino, Walter H Manning, Susan Naomi Nordstrom
PURPOSE: The experience of passing as fluent, also called covert stuttering, has been uncritically framed as an inherently negative pursuit. Historically passing has been understood as a repression of one's true, authentic self in response to either psychological distress or social discrimination. The authors of this paper seek a more nuanced understanding of passing. We ask, how must a person relate to herself in order to pass as fluent? METHODOLOGY: This is a qualitative research study in which the authors utilized the ethical theories of philosopher Michel Foucault to contextualize data obtained from semi-structured interviews with nine participants who pass as fluent...
September 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843724/working-class-conservatism-a-system-justification-perspective
#7
REVIEW
John T Jost
Working class conservatism is a perennial issue in social science, but researchers have struggled to provide an adequate characterization. In social psychology, the question has too often been framed in 'either/or' terms of whether the disadvantaged are more or less likely to support the status quo than the advantaged. This is a crude rendering of the issue obscuring the fact that even if most working class voters are not conservative, millions are-and conservatives could not win elections without their support...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839915/domestication-as-a-model-system-for-the-extended-evolutionary-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
Melinda A Zeder
One of the challenges in evaluating arguments for extending the conceptual framework of evolutionary biology involves the identification of a tractable model system that allows for an assessment of the core assumptions of the extended evolutionary synthesis (EES). The domestication of plants and animals by humans provides one such case study opportunity. Here, I consider domestication as a model system for exploring major tenets of the EES. First I discuss the novel insights that niche construction theory (NCT, one of the pillars of the EES) provides into the domestication processes, particularly as they relate to five key areas: coevolution, evolvability, ecological inheritance, cooperation and the pace of evolutionary change...
October 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833294/the-work-related-stressors-and-coping-strategies-of-group-employed-rural-health-care-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#9
Melinda A Hasbrouck, Anthony C Waddimba
BACKGROUND: Escalating demands on practitioners, stagnating/dwindling resources, and diminishing autonomy have heightened patient-care work-related stress. Using qualitative content/thematic analysis of responses to open-ended survey questions, plus spontaneous comments, we sought to identify rural clinicians' subjective perceptions of their workplace stressors and typical adaptive/coping strategies. METHODS: Within a hybrid inductive-deductive approach, we framed empirical themes (derived by consensus, corroborated with text segments, and extant literature) into theory-based coding templates by which we analyzed the data...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805424/the-dark-side-of-subjective-value-in-sequential-negotiations-the-mediating-role-of-pride-and-anger
#10
William J Becker, Jared R Curhan
Scholars who study negotiation increasingly recognize the importance of social context, seeing negotiations not merely as 1-shot interactions but as influenced by what came before. Under this longitudinal conceptualization of negotiation, a number of recent studies demonstrate that social psychological outcomes from prior negotiations are positively related to economic performance in subsequent negotiations when negotiating repeatedly with the same counterpart. In this report, we investigate a counterexample in the context of "sequential negotiations," which we define as multiple negotiation sessions that occur within a short time frame but facing different counterparts in each session...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804382/positive-messages-enhance-older-adults-motivation-and-recognition-memory-for-physical-activity-programmes
#11
Nanna Notthoff, Peter Klomp, Friederike Doerwald, Susanne Scheibe
Although physical activity is an effective way to cope with ageing-related impairments, few older people are motivated to turn their sedentary lifestyle into an active one. Recent evidence suggests that walking can be more effectively promoted in older adults with positive messages about the benefits of walking than with negative messages about the risks of inactivity. This study examined motivation and memory as the supposed mechanisms underlying the greater effectiveness of positively framed compared to negatively framed messages for promoting activity...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803529/the-role-of-the-amygdala-in-incongruity-resolution-the-case-of-humor-comprehension
#12
Tagiru Nakamura, Tomoko Matsui, Akira Utsumi, Mika Yamazaki, Kai Makita, Tokiko Harada, Hiroki C Tanabe, Norihiro Sadato
A dominant theory of humor comprehension suggests that people understand humor by first perceiving some incongruity in an expression and then resolving it. This is called "the incongruity-resolution theory." Experimental studies have investigated the neural basis of humor comprehension, and multiple neural substrates have been proposed; however, the specific substrate for incongruity resolution is still unknown. The reason may be that the resolution phase, despite its importance in humor comprehension, has not been successfully distinguished from the perception phase because both phases occur almost simultaneously...
August 14, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777656/affect-and-the-really-real-the-politics-of-hiv-aids-framing-in-south-african-theater
#13
Jessica S Ruthven
Funding in South Africa privileges HIV prevention campaigns underpinned by individual behavior change goals, despite over two decades of intervention but little reduction in national HIV prevalence. In response, civil society has begun calling for innovative interventions and ways of speaking about the epidemic. Employing framing theory, I analyze differences in how HIV/AIDS is characterized in public media and interrogate the knowledge politics underpinning a group of artists' emerging attention to the nexus of affect, intersubjectivity, and epidemics within performance...
August 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776429/a-systematic-review-of-pliance-tracking-and-augmenting
#14
Ama Kissi, Sean Hughes, Gaëtan Mertens, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Jan De Houwer, Geert Crombez
Within relational frame theory, a distinction has been made between three types of rule-governed behavior known as pliance, tracking, and augmenting. This review examined whether there is support for the concepts of pliance, tracking, and augmenting in the experimental analysis of behavior; whether these concepts refer to distinct functional classes of behavior; and how these concepts have been operationalized in experimental (behavioral-analytic) research. Given that the concepts of pliance, tracking, and augmenting were first defined by Zettle and Hayes, we confined our review to studies published in or after 1982...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770385/are-allocentric-spatial-reference-frames-compatible-with-theories-of-enactivism
#15
Sabine U König, Caspar Goeke, Tobias Meilinger, Peter König
Theories of Enactivism propose an action-oriented approach to understand human cognition. So far, however, empirical evidence supporting these theories has been sparse. Here, we investigate whether spatial navigation based on allocentric reference frames that are independent of the observer's physical body can be understood within an action-oriented approach. Therefore, we performed three experiments testing the knowledge of the absolute orientation of houses and streets towards north, the relative orientation of two houses and two streets, respectively, and the location of houses towards each other in a pointing task...
August 2, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735359/binding-abstract-concepts
#16
Tarini Singh, Christian Frings, Birte Moeller
Binding theories assume that a stimulus and the response made to it are bound together in an event file (Hommel et al., Behav Brain Sci 24(05):849-937, 2001). Such bindings can occur even after single encounters. If the stimulus or parts of its features are repeated within the time frame in which the event file is still intact, the previously integrated response is retrieved. Stimulus-response binding can exist at a perceptual, conceptual or a response selection level (Henson et al., Trends Cogn Sci 18(7):376-384, 2014)...
July 22, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723997/access-to-health-care-as-a-human-right-in-international-policy-critical-reflections-and-contemporary-challenges
#17
Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo, Volnei Garrafa, Thiago Cunha, Fernando Hellmann
Using the United Nations (UN) and its subordinate body, the World Health Organization (WHO), as a frame of reference, this article explores access to healthcare as a human right in international intergovernmental policies. First, we look at how the theme of health is treated within the UN, focusing on the concept of global health. We then discuss the concept of global health from a human rights perspective and go on to outline the debate surrounding universal coverage versus universal access as a human right, addressing some important ethical questions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705208/testing-feedback-message-framing-and-comparators-to-address-prescribing-of-high-risk-medications-in-nursing-homes-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-factorial-cluster-randomized-trial
#18
Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Justin Presseau, Catherine Reis, Holly O Witteman, Monica K Taljaard, Nicola McCleary, Kednapa Thavorn, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback (AF) interventions that leverage routine administrative data offer a scalable and relatively low-cost method to improve processes of care. AF interventions are usually designed to highlight discrepancies between desired and actual performance and to encourage recipients to act to address such discrepancies. Comparing to a regional average is a common approach, but more recipients would have a discrepancy if compared to a higher-than-average level of performance...
July 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680950/change-deafness-for-real-spatialized-environmental-scenes
#19
Jeremy Gaston, Kelly Dickerson, Daniel Hipp, Peter Gerhardstein
The everyday auditory environment is complex and dynamic; often, multiple sounds co-occur and compete for a listener's cognitive resources. 'Change deafness', framed as the auditory analog to the well-documented phenomenon of 'change blindness', describes the finding that changes presented within complex environments are often missed. The present study examines a number of stimulus factors that may influence change deafness under real-world listening conditions. Specifically, an AX (same-different) discrimination task was used to examine the effects of both spatial separation over a loudspeaker array and the type of change (sound source additions and removals) on discrimination of changes embedded in complex backgrounds...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667898/experiential-avoidance-and-dysfunctional-beliefs-in-the-prediction-of-body-image-disturbance-in-a-nonclinical-sample-of-women
#20
Shannon M Blakey, Lillian Reuman, Jennifer L Buchholz, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Body image disturbance (BID) refers to persistent dissatisfaction, distress, and dysfunction related to some aspect(s) of one's physical appearance. Cognitive models of BID highlight the importance of dysfunctional beliefs in maintaining BID. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), in contrast, posits that psychological distress is sustained by the unwillingness to experience aversive internal experiences (i.e., experiential avoidance [EA]). The present study tested the hypothesis that both dysfunctional beliefs and EA uniquely predict BID even after accounting for general distress...
June 29, 2017: Body Image
keyword
keyword
49055
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"