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Relational frame theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#1
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622019/patient-perceptions-of-illness-identity-in-cancer-clinical-trial-decision-making
#2
Angela L Palmer-Wackerly, Phokeng M Dailey, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Nancy D Rhodes, Janice L Krieger
When patients are diagnosed with cancer, they begin to negotiate their illness identity in relation to their past and future selves, their relationships, and their group memberships. Thus, how patients view their cancer in relation to their other identities may affect how and why they make particular decisions about treatment options. Using the Communication Theory of Identity (CTI), the current study explores: (1) how and why illness identity is framed across identity layers in relation to one particular cancer treatment: participation in a cancer clinical trial (CT); and (2) how and why patients experience identity conflicts while making their treatment decisions...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606629/neural-substrates-underlying-balanced-time-perspective-a-combined-voxel-based-morphometry-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#3
Yiqun Guo, Zhiyi Chen, Tingyong Feng
Balanced time perspective (BTP), which is defined as a mental ability to switch flexibly among different time perspectives Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), has been suggested to be a central component of positive psychology Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004). BTP reflects individual's cognitive flexibility towards different time frames, which leads to many positive outcomes, including positive mood, subjective wellbeing, emotional intelligence, fluid intelligence, and executive control. However, the neural basis of BTP is still unclear...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594415/expanded-carrier-screening-what-determines-intended-participation-and-can-this-be-influenced-by-message-framing-and-narrative-information
#4
Jan S Voorwinden, Anne H Buitenhuis, Erwin Birnie, Anneke M Lucassen, Marian A Verkerk, Irene M van Langen, Mirjam Plantinga, Adelita V Ranchor
Next-generation sequencing enabled us to create a population-based expanded carrier screening (ECS) test that simultaneously tests for 50 serious autosomal recessive diseases. Before offering this test universally, we wanted to know what factors are related to intended participation and how the general public can be informed about the test without being influenced in their intention to participate. We studied this by measuring to what extent 'message framing' and 'narrative information' can influence people's intended participation...
June 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590895/a-qualitative-case-study-of-smartphone-connected-hearing-aids-influences-on-patients-clinicians-and-patient-clinician-interactions
#5
Stella L Ng, Shanon Phelan, MaryAnn Leonard, Jason Galster
BACKGROUND: Innovations in hearing aid technology influence clinicians and individuals who use hearing aids. Little research, to date, explains the innovation adoption experiences and perspectives of clinicians and patients, which matter to a field like audiology, wherein technology innovation is constant. By understanding clinician and patient experiences with such innovations, the field of audiology may develop technologies and ways of practicing in a manner more responsive to patients' needs, and attentive to society's influence...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573426/cultural-adaptations-conceptual-ethical-contextual-and-methodological-issues-for-working-with-ethnocultural-and-majority-world-populations
#6
Guillermo Bernal, Cristina Adames
Mayor advancements have been achieved in research on the cultural adaptation of prevention and treatment interventions that are conducted with diverse ethnocultural groups. This commentary addresses conceptual, ethical, contextual, and methodological issues related to cultural adaptations. The articles in this special issue represent a major contribution to the study of cultural adaptations in prevention science. We frame our analysis of fidelity to core intervention components using a conceptual approach that examines (a) the propositional model (theory of change), (b) the procedural model (theory of action, methods), and (c) the philosophical assumptions that undergird these models...
June 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567025/a-proposal-for-a-scientifically-informed-and-instrumentalist-account-of-free-will-and-voluntary-action
#7
Eric Racine
The ability to choose freely is captured under the umbrella concept of "free will," which designates an ability that plays a crucial role in most understandings of autonomy and responsibility and, thus, bears significance for moral practice and moral theory. Some claim that neuroscience research challenges the existence of free will/voluntary action while some who adopt stronger eliminativist stances have gone as far as describing free will as an illusion. Contrary to that, those relying on realist stances have restated the foundational value and role of folk psychological concepts of voluntary action and free will in, for example, the domains of ethics and law...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558162/a-numerical-investigation-and-experimental-verification-of-size-effects-in-loaded-bovine-cortical-bone
#8
J C Frame, M A Wheel, P E Riches
In this paper we present two and three dimensional finite element based numerical models of loaded bovine cortical bone that explicitly incorporate the dominant microstructural feature: the vascular channel or Haversian canal system. The finite element models along with the representation of the microstructure within them are relatively simple: two dimensional models, consisting of a structured mesh of linear elastic planar elements punctuated by a periodic distribution of circular voids, are used to represent beam samples of cortical bone in which the channels are orientated perpendicular to the sample major axis, while three dimensional models, employing a corresponding mesh of equivalent solid elements, represent those samples in which the canals are aligned with the axis...
May 30, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555774/post-fordist-reconfigurations-of-gender-work-and-life-theory-and-practice
#9
Breda Gray, Luigina Ciolfi, Aparecido Fabiano Pinatti de Carvalho, Anthony D'Andrea, Lisa Wixted
Based on an in-depth study with 56 informants (25 women and 31 men), across the ICT (information and communication technology), creative and academic sectors in one city/regional hub in Ireland, this article investigates the so-called revolution in work/life practices associated with the post-Fordist labour processes of the Knowledge Economy from the perspectives of workers themselves. Recent theorizations of post-Fordist work patterns emphasize a rearranging of work and life place boundaries; a reconfiguring of work and life time boundaries; and a dissolving of the gendered boundaries of work and life (production and social reproduction) (Adkins and Dever ; Morini and Fumagalli ; Gill and Pratt ; Weeks ; Hardt and Negri )...
May 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#10
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536549/self-in-art-self-as-art-museum-selfies-as-identity-work
#11
Robert Kozinets, Ulrike Gretzel, Anja Dinhopl
Selfies, digital images characterized by the desire to frame the self in a picture taken to be shared with an online audience, are important reflections of the contemporary self. Much extant psychological research on selfies has taken a pathologizing view of the phenomenon, focusing on its relationship to narcissism. Our investigation seeks to contribute to a holistic, contextualized and cultural perspective. We focus on the context of museums, places where art, history, education, and culture merge into the selfie taking behaviors of patrons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527377/fishing-for-leadership-the-role-diversification-plays-in-facilitating-change-agents
#12
Joshua S Stoll
Leadership is often viewed as being critical to successful natural resource management. This research focuses on a set of leaders identified through a social network analysis of fishers in a rural coastal region. Leaders' connections to different fisheries are evaluated, and these actors are found to be significantly more diversified than other fishers in the area. Drawing on theory related to institutional entrepreneurship and a series of in-depth interviews with these actors, this paper puts forward several hypotheses to explain how diverse social-ecological connections facilitate leadership...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524804/from-mirror-touch-synesthesia-to-models-of-vicarious-experience-a-reply-to-commentaries
#13
Jamie Ward, Michael J Banissy
In this reply to the eight commentaries to our article, we discuss three important challenges. First, we discuss the relationship of mirror-touch to other forms of synesthesia. We note that synesthetic experiences are generally not mistaken as veridical but this does not mean that they lack percept-like qualities. We acknowledge that neither Threshold Theory nor Self-Other Theory offer a direct account of other forms of synesthesia, although we discuss how the latter could. Second, we discuss alternative explanations...
June 5, 2017: Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505728/j-shaped-stress-strain-diagram-of-collagen-fibers-frame-tension-of-triangulated-surfaces-with-fixed-boundaries
#14
Yu Takano, Hiroshi Koibuchi
We present Monte Carlo data of the stress-strain diagrams obtained using two different triangulated surface models. The first is the canonical surface model of Helfrich and Polyakov (HP), and the second is a Finsler geometry (FG) model. The shape of the experimentally observed stress-strain diagram is called J-shaped. Indeed, the diagram has a plateau for the small strain region and becomes linear in the relatively large strain region. Because of this highly nonlinear behavior, the J-shaped diagram is far beyond the scope of the ordinary theory of elasticity...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489082/experimental-test-of-photonic-entanglement-in-accelerated-reference-frames
#15
Matthias Fink, Ana Rodriguez-Aramendia, Johannes Handsteiner, Abdul Ziarkash, Fabian Steinlechner, Thomas Scheidl, Ivette Fuentes, Jacques Pienaar, Timothy C Ralph, Rupert Ursin
The unification of the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics is a long-standing challenge in contemporary physics. Experimental techniques in quantum optics have only recently reached the maturity required for the investigation of quantum systems under the influence of non-inertial motion, such as being held at rest in gravitational fields, or subjected to uniform accelerations. Here, we report on experiments in which a genuine quantum state of an entangled photon pair is exposed to a series of different accelerations...
May 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481914/a-modified-belief-entropy-in-dempster-shafer-framework
#16
Deyun Zhou, Yongchuan Tang, Wen Jiang
How to quantify the uncertain information in the framework of Dempster-Shafer evidence theory is still an open issue. Quite a few uncertainty measures have been proposed in Dempster-Shafer framework, however, the existing studies mainly focus on the mass function itself, the available information represented by the scale of the frame of discernment (FOD) in the body of evidence is ignored. Without taking full advantage of the information in the body of evidence, the existing methods are somehow not that efficient...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471239/does-question-wording-predict-support-for-the-affordable-care-act-an-analysis-of-polling-during-the-implementation-period-2010-2016
#17
Kristen Holl, Jeff Niederdeppe, Jonathon P Schuldt
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) continues to be the subject of fierce political debate in the United States. Drawing on issue framing theory, together with research on wording effects in survey responding, we tested how common differences in the wording of ACA surveys relate to apparent public support for the law. We report on a content analysis of N = 376 U.S. national opinion surveys fielded during a more than six-year period, beginning 23 March 2010 (when President Obama signed the bill into law) and ending 8 November 2016 (Election Day), and use ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models to predict public support for the law as a function of variation in question wording...
May 4, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442731/glag-theory-for-superconducting-property-variations-with-a15-composition-in-nb3sn-wires
#18
Yingxu Li, Yuanwen Gao
We present a model for the variation of the upper critical field H c2 with Sn content in A15-type Nb-Sn wires, within the Ginzburg-Landau-Abrikosov-Gor'kov (GLAG) theory frame. H c2 at the vicinity of the critical temperature T c is related quantitatively to the electrical resistivity ρ, specific heat capacity coefficient γ and T c. H c2 versus tin content is theoretically formulated within the GLAG theory, and generally reproduces the experiment results. As Sn content gradually approaches the stoichiometry, A15-type Nb-Sn undergoes a transition from the dirty limit to clean limit, split by the phase transformation boundary...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441736/a-weighted-belief-entropy-based-uncertainty-measure-for-multi-sensor-data-fusion
#19
Yongchuan Tang, Deyun Zhou, Shuai Xu, Zichang He
In real applications, how to measure the uncertain degree of sensor reports before applying sensor data fusion is a big challenge. In this paper, in the frame of Dempster-Shafer evidence theory, a weighted belief entropy based on Deng entropy is proposed to quantify the uncertainty of uncertain information. The weight of the proposed belief entropy is based on the relative scale of a proposition with regard to the frame of discernment (FOD). Compared with some other uncertainty measures in Dempster-Shafer framework, the new measure focuses on the uncertain information represented by not only the mass function, but also the scale of the FOD, which means less information loss in information processing...
April 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441519/grounding-principles-for-inferring-agency-two-cultural-perspectives
#20
Bethany L Ojalehto, Douglas L Medin, Salino G García
The present research investigates cultural variation in grounding principles for inferring agency in order to address an important theoretical debate: does cultural diversity in agency concepts reflect an animistic overextension of (universal) folkpsychology, as many have argued, or an alternative theory of folkcommunication based on relational principles? In two experiments, mind perception measures were adapted to assess beliefs concerning the agency of non-animal kinds (plants, abiotic kinds, complex artifacts) among Indigenous Ngöbe adults in Panama and US college students...
June 2017: Cognitive Psychology
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