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Relational frame theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294726/sexual-revictimization-a-routine-activity-theory-explanation
#1
Elizabeth Culatta, Jody Clay-Warner, Kaitlin M Boyle, Assaf Oshri
Research has shown that victims of sexual assault are at a significant risk of revictimization. We use routine activity theory to predict how sexual victimization in adolescence relates to depression, substance use, and ultimately revictimization as a young adult. We frame our research within routine activity theory and predict that sexual victimization increases substance use and depressive symptoms, both of which increase the likelihood of revictimization. We test the hypotheses with three waves of data from the Longitudinal Study of Violence Against Women...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258524/using-an-intervention-mapping-approach-to-develop-a-discharge-protocol-for-intensive-care-patients
#2
Margo van Mol, Marjan Nijkamp, Christine Markham, Erwin Ista
BACKGROUND: Admission into an intensive care unit (ICU) may result in long-term physical, cognitive, and emotional consequences for patients and their relatives. The care of the critically ill patient does not end upon ICU discharge; therefore, integrated and ongoing care during and after transition to the follow-up ward is pivotal. This study described the development of an intervention that responds to this need. METHODS: Intervention Mapping (IM), a six-step theory- and evidence-based approach, was used to guide intervention development...
December 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246727/examination-of-environmentally-friendly-green-logistics-behavior-of-managers-in-the-pharmaceutical-sector-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#3
Miray Arslan, Sevgi Şar
BACKGROUND: Logistics activities play a prominent role in enabling manufacturers, distribution channels, and pharmacies to work in harmony. Nowadays these activities have become increasingly striking in the pharmaceutical industry and seen as a development area for this sector. Additionally, green practices are beginning to be more attracting particularly in decreasing costs and increasing image of pharmaceutical companies. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was modeling green logistics (GL) behavior of the managers in the pharmaceutical sector in the theory of planned behavior (TPB) frame via structural equation modeling (SEM)...
December 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207544/how-does-health-related-advertising-with-a-regulatory-focus-and-goal-framing-affect-attitudes-toward-ads-and-healthy-behavior-intentions
#4
Chia-Yen Lin, Wei-Ju Yeh
The health costs of colorectal cancer have increased over the years in Taiwan. The National Health Insurance Administration (NHI) and the Health Promotion Administration of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) in Taiwan advocate that people have to change their unhealthy behaviors; however, the number of patients of colorectal cancer is increasing annually. This research discussed the effects of healthy diet advocacy advertisements (ads) on healthy diet behavior intentions as influenced by the interactions between regulatory focus theory (RFT) and message framing effects...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205433/faculty-feedback-that-begins-with-resident-self-assessment-motivation-is-the-key-to-success
#5
Alex Moroz, Margaret Horlick, Neil Mandalaywala, David T Stern
CONTEXT: The seeking and incorporating of feedback are necessary for continuous performance improvement in medicine. We know that beginning feedback conversations with resident self-assessment may reduce some of the tensions experienced by faculty staff. However, we do not fully understand how residents experience feedback that begins with self-assessment, and whether any existing theoretical frameworks can explain their experiences. METHODS: We conducted a constructivist grounded theory study exploring physical medicine and rehabilitation residents' experiences as they engaged in a structured self-assessment and faculty staff feedback programme...
December 4, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195644/magnitude-moment-and-measurement-the-seismic-mechanism-controversy-and-its-resolution
#6
Teru Miyake
This paper examines the history of two related problems concerning earthquakes, and the way in which a theoretical advance was involved in their resolution. The first problem is the development of a physical, as opposed to empirical, scale for measuring the size of earthquakes. The second problem is that of understanding what happens at the source of an earthquake. There was a controversy about what the proper model for the seismic source mechanism is, which was finally resolved through advances in the theory of elastic dislocations...
October 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195418/poro-acoustoelastic-constants-based-on-pad%C3%A3-approximation
#7
Bo-Ye Fu, Li-Yun Fu
Stress-induced velocity variations for porous rocks are generally characterized by a strong nonlinear dependence on stress associated with complex deformations under loading. The classical theory of poro-acoustoelasticity with high-order elastic constants is based on the Taylor expansion of the strain energy function, encountering problems of divergence and limitless elastic wave velocities in describing stress-associated velocity variations, especially for high effective stresses. The extension of the theory beyond the high-order elastic constants based on the Padé approximation to the strain energy function is addressed in this article...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182370/communicating-inequalities-to-enhance-support-for-obesity-prevention-policies-the-role-of-social-comparisons-age-frames-and-emotion
#8
Chris Skurka
With certain populations in the United States at higher risk for obesity than other populations, public health advocates have attempted to draw attention to these inequalities to galvanize support for obesity-mitigation policies. Yet research comparing different messages about social inequalities indicates that not all social comparisons are persuasive. Drawing on Weiner's (1986) theory of perceived responsibility and social motivation, I experimentally tested promising message frames about obesity disparities...
November 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172566/an-integrated-model-of-academic-self-concept-development-academic-self-concept-grades-test-scores-and-tracking-over-6-years
#9
Herbert W Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, A Katrin Arens, Philip D Parker, Jiesi Guo, Theresa Dicke
Our newly proposed integrated academic self-concept model integrates 3 major theories of academic self-concept formation and developmental perspectives into a unified conceptual and methodological framework. Relations among math self-concept (MSC), school grades, test scores, and school-level contextual effects over 6 years, from the end of primary school through the first 5 years of secondary school (a representative sample of 3,370 German students, 42 secondary schools, 50% male, M age at grade 5 = 11.75) support the (1) internal/external frame of reference model: Math school grades had positive effects on MSC, but the effects of German grades were negative; (2) reciprocal effects (longitudinal panel) model: MSC was predictive of and predicted by math test scores and school grades; (3) big-fish-little-pond effect: The effects on MSC were negative for school-average achievement based on 4 indicators (primary school grades in math and German, school-track prior to the start of secondary school, math test scores in the first year of secondary school)...
November 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169360/positioning-pharmacists-roles-in-primary-health-care-a-discourse-analysis-of-the-compensation-plan-in-alberta-canada
#10
Christine A Hughes, Rene R Breault, Deborah Hicks, Theresa J Schindel
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive Compensation Plan for pharmacy services delivered by community pharmacists was implemented in Alberta, Canada in July 2012. Services covered by the Compensation Plan include care planning services, prescribing services such as adapting prescriptions, and administering a drug or publicly-funded vaccine by injection. Understanding how the Compensation Plan was framed and communicated provides insight into the roles of pharmacists and the potential influence of language on the implementation of services covered by the Compensation Plan by Albertan pharmacists...
November 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158981/fitness-implications-of-sex-specific-catch-up-growth-in-nephila-senegalensis-a-spider-with-extreme-reversed-ssd
#11
Rainer Neumann, Nicole Ruppel, Jutta M Schneider
Background: Animal growth is often constrained by unfavourable conditions and divergences from optimal body size can be detrimental to an individual's fitness, particularly in species with determinate growth and a narrow time-frame for life-time reproduction. Growth restriction in early juvenile stages can later be compensated by means of plastic developmental responses, such as adaptive catch-up growth (the compensation of growth deficits through delayed development). Although sex differences regarding the mode and degree of growth compensation have been coherently predicted from sex-specific fitness payoffs, inconsistent results imply a need for further research...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131331/contextual-influence-over-deriving-others-true-beliefs-using-a-relational-triangulation-perspective-taking-protocol-rt-ptp-m1
#12
Paul M Guinther
This paper introduces the relational triangulation framework as a functional contextual expansion of the established Relational Frame Theory (Hayes, Barnes-Holmes, & Roche, 2001) account of perspective-taking. Initial support for the new framework is provided through data collected with a novel relational triangulation perspective-taking protocol configured in the present study to show contextual influence over deriving true belief in others following the direct training of a "seeing leads to knowing" repertoire (Leslie & Frith, 1988)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062526/learning-to-work-together-lessons-from-a-reflective-analysis-of-a-research-project-on-public-involvement
#13
A Howe, E Mathie, D Munday, M Cowe, C Goodman, J Keenan, S Kendall, F Poland, S Staniszewska, P Wilson
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is very important, and funders and the NHS all expect this to happen. What this means in practice, and how to make it really successful, is therefore an important research question. This article analyses the experience of a research team using PPI, and makes recommendations on strengthening PPI in research. There were different PPI roles in our study - some people were part of the research team: some were on the advisory group; and there were patient groups who gave specific feedback on how to make research work better for their needs...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058320/the-transfer-of-crel-contextual-control-same-opposite-less-than-more-than-through-equivalence-relations
#14
William F Perez, Roberta Kovac, Yara C Nico, Daniel M Caro, Adriana P Fidalgo, Ila Linares, João Henrique de Almeida, Júlio C de Rose
According to Relational Frame Theory (RFT) Crel denotes a contextual stimulus that controls a particular type of relational response (sameness, opposition, comparative, temporal, hierarchical etc.) in a given situation. Previous studies suggest that contextual functions may be indirectly acquired via transfer of function. The present study investigated the transfer of Crel contextual control through equivalence relations. Experiment 1 evaluated the transfer of Crel contextual functions for relational responses based on sameness and opposition...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042846/developing-a-user-reported-measure-of-care-co-ordination
#15
Helen Crump, Jenny King, Chris Graham, Ruth Thorlby, Veena Raleigh, Don Redding, Nick Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Older people with chronic conditions often receive poor care because of the fragmented way in which their services are delivered from multiple sources. Providers have limited tools to directly capture the views of older people about their experiences of care co-ordination. The study aim was to design and test a survey tool to capture the experiences of older people with chronic conditions regarding how well their health and (where applicable) social care was co-ordinated...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957757/medicalization-of-cannabis-what-does-it-mean
#16
Dana Zarhin, Maya Negev, Simon Vulfsons, Sharon Szintman
BACKGROUND: Despite the frequent use of the phrase "medicalization of cannabis," it is not clear what it means to different stakeholders involved in medical cannabis (MC) policy development. This report examines Israeli stakeholders' understandings of how cannabis should be medicalized. METHODS: Following principles of constructivist grounded theory method, we analyzed Israeli parliament protocols and different policy documents related to MC policy and legislation...
September 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952653/development-and-validation-of-the-basal-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#17
Rick Waalboer-Spuij, Loes M Hollestein, Reinier Timman, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Tamar E Nijsten
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important in the management of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Disease-specific questionnaires exist, but with important shortcomings. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire suitable for use in all patients with BCC and those with SCC. In a 4-phase trajectory, a preliminary questionnaire was created and population-based testing (1,173 patients) carried out. The questionnaire was reduced using exploratory factor analysis and item response theory...
September 27, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929013/constructing-three-emotion-knowledge-tests-from-the-invariant-measurement-approach
#18
Ana R Delgado, Gerardo Prieto, Debora I Burin
BACKGROUND: Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of this study was the construction and initial validation of Emotion Knowledge measures from the CAT frame by means of an invariant measurement approach, the Rasch Model (RM). Psychological distance theory was used to inform item generation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928679/determinants-of-judgments-of-explanatory-power-credibility-generality-and-statistical-relevance
#19
Matteo Colombo, Leandra Bucher, Jan Sprenger
Explanation is a central concept in human psychology. Drawing upon philosophical theories of explanation, psychologists have recently begun to examine the relationship between explanation, probability and causality. Our study advances this growing literature at the intersection of psychology and philosophy of science by systematically investigating how judgments of explanatory power are affected by (i) the prior credibility of an explanatory hypothesis, (ii) the causal framing of the hypothesis, (iii) the perceived generalizability of the explanation, and (iv) the relation of statistical relevance between hypothesis and evidence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922005/behavioral-activation-in-tfp-the-role-of-the-treatment-contract-in-transference-focused-psychotherapy
#20
Frank E Yeomans, Jill C Delaney, Kenneth N Levy
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a manualized evidence-based treatment for borderline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic object relations theory. Similar to other psychodynamic psychotherapies, TFP focuses on changing psychological structures, but also focuses on symptom and behavioral change, particularly the importance of being active (e.g., obtaining a job or involvement in similar activities). In TFP, the establishment of the treatment contract, also known as the treatment frame, is where goals such as work and other activities are agreed upon...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
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