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Relational frame theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156149/james-frame-s-the-philosophy-of-insanity-1860
#1
Jonathan Andrews, Chris Philo
Our aim in presenting this Classic Text is to foster wider analytical attention to a fascinating commentary on insanity by a former inmate of Glasgow Royal Asylum, Gartnavel, James Frame. Despite limited coverage in existing literature, his text (and other writings) have been surprisingly neglected by modern scholars. Frame's Philosophy presents a vivid, affecting, often destigmatizing account of the insane and their institutional provision in Scotland. Derived from extensive first-hand experience, Frame's chronicle eloquently and graphically delineates his own illness and the roles and perspectives of many other actors, from clinicians and managers to patients and relations...
March 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144992/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-in-transition-to-parenthood-ways-in-which-health-professionals-can-support-parents
#2
Mia Barimani, Anna Vikström, Michael Rosander, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Anita Berlin
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is an overwhelming life event. From a theoretical perspective, transition to parenthood is a developmental transition that contains certain phases and patterns. AIM: This study aim was twofold (i) discover, describe and comprehend transitional conditions that parents perceive as facilitating and inhibiting during transition to parenthood and to (ii) use that knowledge to develop recommendations for professional interventions that support and facilitate transition to parenthood...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144806/an-integral-approach-to-health-science-and-healthcare
#3
Patrick Daly
Defining disease and delineating its boundaries is a contested area in contemporary philosophy of medicine. The leading naturalistic theory faces a new round of difficulties related to defining a normal environment alongside normal organismic functioning and to delineating a discrete boundary between risk factors and disease. Normative theories face ongoing and seemingly intractable difficulties related to value pluralism and the problematic relation between theory and practice. In this article, I argue for an integral-as opposed to a hybrid-philosophy of health based on Bernard Lonergan's notion of generalized empirical method that provides a way to settle these difficulties dynamically and comprehensively, both in theory, by orienting functional and statistical investigation toward an explanatory ecological viewpoint, and in practice, by framing critiques in relation to the normativity intrinsic to all human inquiry...
January 31, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140775/framing-autism-a-content-analysis-of-five-major-news-frames-in-u-s-based-newspapers
#4
Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Fan Yang
The portrayal of child autism-related news stories has become a serious issue in the United States, yet few studies address this from media framing perspective. To fill this gap in the literature, this study examined the applicability of a media framing scale (Semetko & Valkenburg, 2000) for the deductive examination of autism-related news stories in U.S.-based newspapers. Under the theoretical framework of framing theory, a content analysis of news stories (N = 413) was conducted to investigate the presence of the five news frames using an established questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105676/dahl-j-stewart-i-martell-c-kaplan-j-s-2014-act-rft-in-relationships-helping-clients-deepen-intimacy-and-maintain-healthy-commitments-using-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-relational-frame-theory-oakland-ca-new-harbinger-278-pp-58-95
#5
REVIEW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095028/time-matters-framing-antismoking-messages-using-current-smokers-preexisting-perceptions-of-temporal-distance-to-smoking-related-health-risks
#6
Kyongseok Kim, Hyang-Sook Kim
This study examined the effects of temporal framing used in messages about the future likelihood of developing smoking-related diseases on intention to quit smoking. Based on construal level theory (CLT), a causal model delineating the relationships among four variables-perceived temporal distance, personal relevance, perceived susceptibility, and behavioral intention-was proposed. The model was validated by an online experiment with a sample of 222 current smokers, revealing the effects of perceived temporal distance on behavioral intention via personal relevance and perceived susceptibility...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#7
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. Experts by experience lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086837/systemic-and-individual-factors-in-the-buprenorphine-treatment-seeking-process-a-qualitative-study
#8
Valerie M Hewell, Angel R Vasquez, Inna D Rivkin
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is a significant problem in Alaska. Medication-assisted treatment for opioid use, including buprenorphine, reduces withdrawal symptoms and the harm associated with opioid abuse. Understanding consumers' treatment-seeking process is important for addressing barriers to treatment, facilitating effective service utilization, and informing policy. METHODS: To understand treatment-seeking behavior, we examined the attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge of those who would benefit from the medication-assisted treatment (MAT) buprenorphine...
January 11, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040004/oscillatory-fluid-flow-in-deformable-tubes-implications-for-pore-scale-hydromechanics-from-comparing-experimental-observations-with-theoretical-predictions
#9
Patrick Kurzeja, Holger Steeb, Marc A Strutz, Jörg Renner
Oscillatory flow of four fluids (air, water, two aqueous sodium-tungstate solutions) was excited at frequencies up to 250 Hz in tubes of two materials (steel, silicone) covering a wide range in length, diameter, and thickness. The hydrodynamical response was characterized by phase shift and amplitude ratio between pressures in an upstream (pressure excitation) and a downstream reservoir connected by the tubes. The resulting standing flow waves reflect viscosity-controlled diffusive behavior and inertia-controlled wave behavior for oscillation frequencies relatively low and high compared to Biot's critical frequency, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039869/effects-of-implicit-theories-of-ability-and-stereotype-inconsistent-information-on-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-a-regulatory-fit-perspective
#10
Mélanie Emile, Aina Chalabaev, Serge S Colson, Jerome Vaulerin, Charlene Falzon, Fabienne D'Arripe-Longueville
This study examined whether stereotype-inconsistent information interacts with implicit theories of ability to affect handgrip strength in older adults. Eighty-two retired older adults (13 men and 69 women) from 61 to 89 years old (Mage = 75.8 years; SD = 6.9) performed maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) during a handgrip task in a design manipulating implicit theories of ability and stereotype-inconsistent information related to physical decline with aging. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: incremental condition, entity condition, or control group...
December 31, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009581/examining-the-psychometric-quality-of-multiple-choice-assessment-items-using-mokken-scale-analysis
#11
Stefanie A Wind
The concept of invariant measurement is typically associated with Rasch measurement theory (Engelhard, 2013). Concerned with the appropriateness of the parametric transformation upon which the Rasch model is based, Mokken (1971) proposed a nonparametric procedure for evaluating the quality of social science measurement that is theoretically and empirically related to the Rasch model. Mokken's nonparametric procedure can be used to evaluate the quality of dichotomous and polytomous items in terms of the requirements for invariant measurement...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009093/contract-theories-and-partnership-in-health-care-a-philosophical-inquiry-to-the-philosophy-of-john-rawls-and-seyla-benhabib
#12
Sylvia Määttä, Kim Lützén, Stina Öresland
Over the last 20 years, a paternalistic view in health care has been losing ground. The question about less asymmetrical positions in the healthcare professional-patient relationship is, for example, being addressed by the increased emphasis on person-centred care, promoted in disciplines such as medicine and nursing. Partnership is considered as a key component in person-centred care. Although the previous studies have addressed the attributes inherent in partnership, there is still potential for further discussion on how the various interpretations of partnership influence their use in healthcare literature...
December 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006745/structural-social-capital-and-local-level-forest-governance-do-they-inter-relate-a-mushroom-permit-case-in-catalonia
#13
Elena Gorriz-Mifsud, Laura Secco, Riccardo Da Re, Elena Pisani, José Antonio Bonet
In diffuse forest uses, like non-timber forest products' harvesting, the behavioural alignment of pickers is crucial for avoiding a "tragedy of the commons". Moreover, the introduction of policy tools such as a harvest permit system may help in keeping the activity under control. Besides the official enforcement, pickers' engagement may also derive from the perceived legitimate decision of forest managers and the community pressure to behave according to the shared values. Framed within the social capital theory, this paper examines three types of relations of rural communities in a protected area in Catalonia (Spain) where a system of mushroom picking permits was recently introduced...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993338/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-relational-frame-theory-and-the-third-wave-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-therapies-republished-article
#14
Steven C Hayes
The first wave of behavior therapy countered the excesses and scientific weakness of existing nonempirical clinical traditions through empirically studied first-order change efforts linked to behavioral principles targeting directly relevant clinical targets. The second wave was characterized by similar direct change efforts guided by social learning and cognitive principles that included cognitive in addition to behavioral and emotive targets. Various factors seem to have set the stage for a third wave, including anomalies in the current literature and philosophical changes...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926600/supporting-rural-women-during-pregnancy-baby-beep-nurses
#15
Emily C Evans, Linda F C Bullock
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize nursing care provided by the research nurses from the Baby Behavioral Educational Enhancement of Pregnancy (Baby BEEP) study as they delivered a telephone social support intervention to low-income, pregnant women in the Midwestern United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a descriptive qualitative study that used Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations to frame and interpret the analysis. RESULTS: Research nurses from the Baby BEEP study found a novel way to reach a vulnerable population through weekly telephone interactions...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905490/inter-laboratory-evolution-of-a-model-organism-and-its-epistatic-effects-on-mutagenesis-screens
#16
Michael D Bradley, Devin Neu, Fatmagul Bahar, Roy D Welch
In theory, a few naturally occurring evolutionary changes in the genome of a model organism may have little or no observable impact on its wild type phenotype, and yet still substantially impact the phenotypes of mutant strains through epistasis. To see if this is happening in a model organism, we obtained nine different laboratories' wild type Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 "sublines" and sequenced each to determine if they had evolved after their physical separation. Under a common garden experiment, each subline satisfied the phenotypic prerequisites for wild type, but many differed to a significant degree in each of the four quantitative phenotypic traits we measured, with some sublines differing by several-fold...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893254/dynamic-interplay-between-merger-process-justice-and-cognitive-trust-in-top-management-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Janne Kaltiainen, Jukka Lipponen, Brian C Holtz
This study examines two fundamental concerns in the context of organizational change: employees' perceptions of merger process justice and cognitive trust in the top management team. Our main purpose is to better understand the nature of reciprocal relations between these important constructs through a significant change event. Previous research, building mainly on social exchange theory, has framed trust as a consequence of justice perceptions. More recently, scholars have suggested that this view may be overly simplistic and that trust-related cognitions may also represent an important antecedent of justice perceptions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871333/building-a-competent-health-manager-at-district-level-a-grounded-theory-study-from-eastern-uganda
#18
Moses Tetui, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Elizabeth Ekirpa-Kiracho, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Health systems in low-income countries are often characterized by poor health outcomes. While many reasons have been advanced to explain the persistently poor outcomes, management of the system has been found to play a key role. According to a WHO framework, the management of health systems is central to its ability to deliver needed health services. In this study, we examined how district managers in a rural setting in Uganda perceived existing approaches to strengthening management so as to provide a pragmatic and synergistic model for improving management capacity building...
November 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867830/niche-construction-social-cognition-and-language-hypothesizing-the-human-as-the-production-of-place
#19
Oliver Davies
New data is emerging from evolutionary anthropology and the neuroscience of social cognition on our species-specific hyper-cooperation (HC). This paper attempts an integration of third-person archaeological and second-person, neuroscientific perspectives on the structure of HC, through a post-Ricoeurian development in hermeneutical phenomenology. We argue for the relatively late evolution of advanced linguistic consciousness (ALC) (Hiscock in Biological Theory 9:27-41, 2014), as a reflexive system based on the 'in-between' or 'cognitive system' as reported by Vogeley et al...
2016: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857997/a-critical-examination-of-the-use-of-trained-health-coaches-to-decrease-the-metabolic-syndrome-for-participants-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-and-management-program
#20
Brandon Lucke-Wold, Samantha Shawley, John Spencer Ingels, Jonathan Stewart, Ranjita Misra
The epidemic of obesity and diabetes in the United States poses major challenge to the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Furthermore, when this is viewed in other components of the metabolic syndrome (i.e., the burden of high cholesterol and hypertension), the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome continues to rise in the USA continued challenge is how to deal with this epidemic from a medical and public health standpoint. Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a unique approach and offers a novel perspective for answering this challenge...
2016: Journal of Healthcare Communications
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