keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Relational frame theory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772910/qualitative-assessment-of-smoke-free-policy-implementation-in-low-income-housing-enhancing-resident-compliance
#1
Jodi Anthony, Roberta Goldman, Vaughan W Rees, Rochelle L Frounfelker, Jessica Davine, Robyn R Keske, Daniel R Brooks, Alan C Geller
PURPOSE: As public housing agencies and other low-income housing providers adopt smoke-free policies, data are needed to inform implementation approaches that support compliance. DESIGN: Focused ethnography used including qualitative interviews with staff, focus groups with residents, and property observations. SETTING: Four low-income housing properties in Massachusetts, 12 months postpolicy adoption. PARTICIPANTS: Individual interviews (n = 17) with property staff (managers, resident service coordinators, maintenance, security, and administrators) and focus groups with resident smokers (n = 28) and nonsmokers (n = 47)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772110/morphology-and-memory-toward-an-integrated-theory
#2
Ray Jackendoff, Jenny Audring
Framed in psychological terms, the basic question of linguistic theory is what is stored in memory, and in what form. Traditionally, what is stored is divided into grammar and lexicon, where grammar contains the rules and the lexicon is an unstructured list of exceptions. We develop an alternative view in which rules of grammar are simply lexical items that contain variables, and in which rules have two functions. In their generative function, they are used to build novel structures, just as in traditional generative linguistics...
May 17, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758657/one-dimensional-reduction-of-viscous-jets-i-theory
#3
Cyril Pitrou
We build a general formalism to describe thin viscous jets as one-dimensional objects with an internal structure. We present in full generality the steps needed to describe the viscous jets around their central line, and we argue that the Taylor expansion of all fields around that line is conveniently expressed in terms of symmetric trace-free tensors living in the two dimensions of the fiber sections. We recover the standard results of axisymmetric jets and we report the first and second corrections to the lowest order description, also allowing for a rotational component around the axis of symmetry...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740290/goal-achievement-failure-drives-corticospinal-modulation-in-promotion-and-prevention-contexts
#4
Emanuele Lo Gerfo, Alberto Pisoni, Stefania Ottone, Ferruccio Ponzano, Luca Zarri, Alessandra Vergallito, Erica Varoli, Davide Fedeli, Leonor J Romero Lauro
When making decisions, people are typically differently sensitive to gains and losses according to the motivational context in which the choice is performed. As hypothesized by Regulatory Focus Theory (RFT), indeed, goals are supposed to change in relation to the set of possible outcomes. In particular, in a promotion context, the goal is achieving the maximal gain, whereas in a prevention context it turns into avoiding the greatest loss. We explored the neurophysiological counterpart of this phenomenon, by applying Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and recording the motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in participants taking part in an economic game, in which they observed actions conveying different goal attainment levels, framed in different motivational contexts...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673867/structural-differences-in-hippocampal-and-entorhinal-gray-matter-volume-support-individual-differences-in-first-person-navigational-ability
#5
Katherine R Sherrill, Elizabeth R Chrastil, Irem Aselcioglu, Michael E Hasselmo, Chantal E Stern
The ability to update position and orientation to reach a goal is crucial to spatial navigation and individuals vary considerably in this ability. The current structural MRI study used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis to relate individual differences in human brain morphology to performance in an active navigation task that relied on updating position and orientation in a landmark-free environment. Goal-directed navigation took place from either a first person perspective, similar to a person walking through the landmark-free environment, or Survey perspective, a bird's eye view...
April 16, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673598/understanding-the-state-of-health-information-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study-using-a-socio-technical-approach
#6
Sarah Craig, Naonori Kodate
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to add to the broader literature on socio-technical theory and its value and/or relevance to health information in Ireland. The paper focuses on three factors that can impact on health information; those of policy, infrastructure and people (PIP) and examines how Ireland compares with other countries in relation to these factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative methods (documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews) were used...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663058/geochemical-wolframite-fingerprinting-the-likelihood-ratio-approach-for-laser-ablation-icp-ms-data
#7
Agnieszka Martyna, Hans-Eike Gäbler, Andreas Bahr, Grzegorz Zadora
Wolframite has been specified as a 'conflict mineral' by a U.S. Government Act, which obliges companies that use these minerals to report their origin. Minerals originating from conflict regions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo shall be excluded from the market as their illegal mining, trading, and taxation are supposed to fuel ongoing violent conflicts. The German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) developed a geochemical fingerprinting method for wolframite based on laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
April 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642712/methodological-advances-opportunities-and-challenges-in-aac-research
#8
Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Cathy Binger
Since its inception in 1985, the AAC journal has been publishing scientific articles related to the field of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) that (a) report research concerning assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and education of people who use or have the potential to use AAC systems and (b) cover theory, technology, and systems development relevant to AAC. The journal has maintained a consistent focus on the science and practice of AAC while also advancing in varied and impressive ways...
April 12, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608991/how-orchids-concentrate-the-relationship-between-physiological-stress-reactivity-and-cognitive-performance-during-infancy-and-early-childhood
#9
REVIEW
Sam V Wass
The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) is involved both in higher-order cognition such as attention and learning, and in responding to unexpected, threatening events. Increased ANS reactivity may confer both superior short-term cognitive performance, and heightened long-term susceptibility to adverse events. Here, we evaluate this hypothesis within the Differential Susceptibility Theory (DST) framework. We hypothesise that individuals with increased reactivity may show heightened biological sensitivity to context, conferring both positive (development-enhancing) effects (superior attention and learning) and negative (risk-promoting) effects (increased sensitivity to unsupportive environments)...
March 30, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576037/the-mediating-role-of-coping-between-competitive-anxiety-and-sport-commitment-in-adolescent-athletes
#10
Joan Pons, Carme Viladrich, Yago Ramis, Remco Polman
Framed in cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotions (Lazarus, 1999), this study aimed to test how coping mediated the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport commitment in a sample of adolescent athletes. Five-hundred adolescents (M = 16.42; SD = 1.54) participated in our study. Participants completed competitive anxiety, coping, and sport commitment measures. We defined the measurement model using confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling; and compared two different models of mediation (i...
March 26, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536764/-i-tend-to-forget-bad-things-immigrant-and-refugee-young-men-s-narratives-of-distress
#11
Carla T Hilario, John L Oliffe, Josephine P Wong, Annette J Browne, Joy L Johnson
Distress among young immigrant and refugee men has drawn increasing research attention in recent years. Nuanced understandings of distress are needed to inform mental health and public health programming. The purpose of this research was to examine distress from the perspectives of young immigrant and refugee men living in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Thirty-three young men (aged 15-22 years) from diverse immigrant and refugee backgrounds participated in interviews, which were conducted between 2014 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507178/nonlinear-modulation-near-the-lighthill-instability-threshold-in-2-1-whitham-theory
#12
Thomas J Bridges, Daniel J Ratliff
The dispersionless Whitham modulation equations in 2+1 (two space dimensions and time) are reviewed and the instabilities identified. The modulation theory is then reformulated, near the Lighthill instability threshold, with a slow phase, moving frame and different scalings. The resulting nonlinear phase modulation equation near the Lighthill surfaces is a geometric form of the 2+1 two-way Boussinesq equation. This equation is universal in the same sense as Whitham theory. Moreover, it is dispersive, and it has a wide range of interesting multi-periodic, quasi-periodic and multi-pulse localized solutions...
April 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507176/an-energy-based-stability-criterion-for-solitary-travelling-waves-in-hamiltonian-lattices
#13
Haitao Xu, Jesús Cuevas-Maraver, Panayotis G Kevrekidis, Anna Vainchtein
In this work, we revisit a criterion, originally proposed in Friesecke & Pego (Friesecke & Pego 2004 Nonlinearity 17 , 207-227. (doi:10.1088/0951715/17/1/013)), for the stability of solitary travelling waves in Hamiltonian, infinite-dimensional lattice dynamical systems. We discuss the implications of this criterion from the point of view of stability theory, both at the level of the spectral analysis of the advance-delay differential equations in the co-travelling frame, as well as at that of the Floquet problem arising when considering the travelling wave as a periodic orbit modulo shift...
April 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495933/eliciting-critical-care-nurses-beliefs-regarding-physical-restraint-use
#14
Gemma Via-Clavero, Marta Sanjuán-Naváis, Marta Romero-García, Laura de la Cueva-Ariza, Gemma Martínez-Estalella, Erika Plata-Menchaca, Pilar Delgado-Hito
BACKGROUND: Despite the reported harms and ethical concerns about physical restraint use in the critical care settings, nurses' intention to apply them is unequal across countries. According to the theory of planned behaviour, eliciting nurses' beliefs regarding the use of physical restraints would provide additional social information about nurses' intention to perform this practice. AIM: To explore the salient behavioural, normative and control beliefs underlying the intention of critical care nurses to use physical restraints from the theory of planned behaviour...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479667/one-world-is-not-enough-the-structured-phenomenology-of-lifestyle-migrants-in-east-asia
#15
Rob Stones, Kate Botterill, Maggy Lee, Karen O'Reilly
The paper is based on original empirical research into the lifestyle migration of European migrants, primarily British, to Thailand and Malaysia, and of Hong Kong Chinese migrants to Mainland China. We combine strong structuration theory (SST) with Heideggerian phenomenology to develop a distinctive approach to the interplay between social structures and the lived experience of migrants. The approach enables a rich engagement with the subjectivities of migrants, an engagement that is powerfully enhanced by close attention to how these inner lives are deeply interwoven with relevant structural contexts...
February 25, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473696/developing-and-testing-a-brief-clinic-based-lung-cancer-screening-decision-aid-for-primary-care-settings
#16
Karen Kane McDonnell, Scott M Strayer, Erica Sercy, Callie Campbell, Daniela B Friedman, Kathleen B Cartmell, Jan M Eberth
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening-related decisions require patients to evaluate complex medical information in short time frames, often with primary care providers (PCPs) they do not know. PCPs play an essential role in facilitating comprehensive shared decision making (SDM). OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a decision aid (DA) and SDM strategy for PCPs and high-risk patients. DESIGN: The DA was tested with 20 dyads. Each dyad consisted of one PCP and one patient eligible for screening...
February 23, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469651/-i-m-scared-of-the-disappointment-young-adult-smokers-relational-identity-gaps-and-management-strategies-as-sites-of-communication-intervention
#17
Samantha J Stanley, Margaret Jane Pitts
While cigarette smoking is decreasing among young adults, rates of nicotine consumption through other devices, most notably electronic cigarettes, are on the rise. Framed by communication theory of identity, this study examines young adult smokers' experiences with relational others in regard to their smoking. Focus group discussions and individual interviews convened with 20 young adult cigarette and electronic cigarette smokers revealed identity gaps implicating the relational layer of identity, including personal-relational, enacted-relational, and personal-enacted-relational identity gaps...
February 22, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447256/modulation-of-neural-circuits-underlying-temporal-production-by-facial-expressions-of-pain
#18
Daniela Ballotta, Fausta Lui, Carlo Adolfo Porro, Paolo Frigio Nichelli, Francesca Benuzzi
According to the Scalar Expectancy Theory, humans are equipped with a biological internal clock, possibly modulated by attention and arousal. Both emotions and pain are arousing and can absorb attentional resources, thus causing distortions of temporal perception. The aims of the present single-event fMRI study were to investigate: a) whether observation of facial expressions of pain interferes with time production; and b) the neural network subserving this kind of temporal distortions. Thirty healthy volunteers took part in the study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441027/pragmatically-framed-cross-situational-noun-learning-using-computational-reinforcement-models
#19
Shamima Najnin, Bonny Banerjee
Cross-situational learning and social pragmatic theories are prominent mechanisms for learning word meanings (i.e., word-object pairs). In this paper, the role of reinforcement is investigated for early word-learning by an artificial agent. When exposed to a group of speakers, the agent comes to understand an initial set of vocabulary items belonging to the language used by the group. Both cross-situational learning and social pragmatic theory are taken into account. As social cues, joint attention and prosodic cues in caregiver's speech are considered...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402679/early-onset-tobacco-cigarette-smokers-exhibit-deficits-in-response-inhibition-and-sustained-attention
#20
Yasmin Mashhoon, Jennifer Betts, Stacey L Farmer, Scott E Lukas
BACKGROUND: Initiation of cigarette smoking during adolescence coincides with structural and cognitive neuromaturation. Thus, early onset smokers (EOS; initiated <16 years old) may be at unique risk of altered development of executive function relative to late onset smokers (LOS; initiated >16 years old). This study quantified the effects of age of smoking onset on response impulsivity and inhibitory control using a novel smoking Go/NoGo task (Luijten et al., 2011). METHODS: Nicotine deprived adult EOS (n = 10) and LOS (n = 10) and adult healthy non-smokers (HNS; n = 10) were shown smoking-related and neutral images with either a blue (Go) or yellow (NoGo) frame...
March 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
keyword
keyword
49055
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"