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Rehabilitation Cardiac

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938249/absence-of-fitness-improvement-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-heart-failure-patients
#1
Esmée A Bakker, Johan A Snoek, Esther P Meindersma, Maria T E Hopman, Louise Bellersen, André L M Verbeek, Dick H J Thijssen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and improvements in CRF after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in heart failure (HF) patients for their risk of all-cause mortality and unplanned hospitalization. Secondly, to investigate possible factors associated with the absence of improvement in CRF after rehabilitation. METHODS: We included 155 HF patients receiving CR between October 2009 and January 2015. Patients performed an incremental bicycle test to assess CRF through peak oxygen uptake (VO2-peak) before and after CR-based supervised exercise training...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934945/aqua-walking-as-an-alternative-exercise-modality-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-older-patients-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#2
Jong-Young Lee, Kee-Chan Joo, Peter H Brubaker
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aqua walking (AW) on coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults with osteoarthritis in the lower extremity and compare it with that of traditional over-ground walking. METHODS: Sixty consecutive eligible patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention for CAD with limited ambulation due to lower extremity osteoarthritis were recruited. They were randomly assigned to the AW program group, treadmill/track walking (TW) program group, or non-exercise control group (CON)...
September 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923367/a-prospective-study-examining-the-influence-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-the-sedentary-time-of-highly-sedentary-physically-inactive-patients
#3
A Biswas, P I Oh, G E Faulkner, D A Alter
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sedentary time is recognized as a distinct health risk, and mortality risks are expected to be greatest for individuals with low exercise levels. It is unknown whether participation in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs influences sedentary behaviour particularly among those patients expected to be at greatest mortality risk. This study examined the influence of CR participation on sedentary behaviour and identified the proportion and characteristics (socio-demographic and clinical) of patients who do not meet exercise recommendations and have prolonged sedentary times...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917025/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-who-underwent-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-determinants-of-programme-participation-and-completion
#4
M Sunamura, N Ter Hoeve, M L Geleijnse, R V Steenaard, H J G van den Berg-Emons, H Boersma, R T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has reduced, resulting in more limited patient education during admission. Therefore, systematic participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has become more essential. We aimed to identify patient-related factors that are associated with participation in and completion of a CR programme. METHODS: We identified 3,871 consecutive AMI patients who underwent pPCI between 2003 and 2011...
September 15, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916507/cardiac-patients-experiences-and-perceptions-of-social-media-mixed-methods-study
#5
Stephanie R Partridge, Anne C Grunseit, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Blythe J O'Hara, Lis Neubeck, Sarah Due, Glenn Paull, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kellie Roach, Leonie Sadler, Helen Glinatsis, Robyn Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Traditional in-person cardiac rehabilitation has substantial benefits for cardiac patients, which are offset by poor attendance. The rapid increase in social media use in older adults provides an opportunity to reach patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation but unable to attend traditional face-to-face groups. However, there is a paucity of research on cardiac patients' experiences and perspectives on using social media to support their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe cardiac rehabilitation patients' experiences in using social media in general and their perspective on using social media, particularly Facebook, to support their cardiac health and secondary prevention efforts...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913682/-therapeutic-options-in-hyperlipidemia
#6
Robert Berent, Theresa Berent, Helmut Sinzinger
Treatment of lipid disorders (dyslipidemia) is the cornerstone of atherosclerosis prevention and reduction of progression. Lifestyle modification is the first step to improve the plasma lipid profile. Statins play a central role in the reduction of LDL cholesterol. Whether and to what extent other lipids such as triglycerides or lipoprotein(a) should also be treated depends on the extent of atherosclerotic disease and its progression over time. Especially in residential cardiac rehabilitation we have the opportunity to encourage adherence and adapt medication as necessary due to a face to face contact over 4 weeks...
September 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913571/kardiologische-rehabilitation-in-europa-%C3%A2-eine-kritische-analyse
#7
Werner Benzer
Cardiac rehabilitation is an evidence-based treatment to improve prognosis and quality of life in patients after a cardiac event. In general, cardiac rehabilitation programmes are offered in all European countries. Nevertheless a wide dispersion between countries exists in programme structure and design because of different national legislation and funding. The absence of international standards has a negative effect on programme quality and outcome. Most striking imbalance can be observed between patients eligible for cardiac rehabilitation and the real admission rate...
September 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912726/cardiovascular-and-muscular-consequences-of-work-matched-interval-type-of-concentric-and-eccentric-pedaling-exercise-on-a-soft-robot
#8
Martin Flück, Rebekka Bosshard, Max Lungarella
Eccentric types of endurance exercise are an acknowledged alternative to conventional concentric types of exercise rehabilitation for the cardiac patient, because they reduce cardiorespiratory strain due to a lower metabolic cost of producing an equivalent mechanical output. The former contention has not been tested in a power- and work-matched situation of interval-type exercise under identical conditions because concentric and eccentric types of exercise pose specific demands on the exercise machinery, which are not fulfilled in current practice...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906189/the-rehabilitation-continuum-from-hospital-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-study-of-147-000-medicare-beneficiaries
#9
Mary A Dolansky, Melissa D Zullo, Richard A Josephson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903763/troponin-as-ischemic-biomarker-is-related-with-all-three-echocardiographic-risk-factors-for-sudden-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-esc-guidelines-2014
#10
Rafał Hładij, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Paweł Petkow Dimitrow
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification is the most important preventive action in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The identification of the ischemia biomarker high sensitive troponin I (hs-TnI) role for this arrhythmic disease may provide additional information for SCD risk stratification. The aim of the study was to compare echocardiographic parameters (prognostic for risk stratification of SCD in HCM) among two subgroups of HCM patients: with elevated hs-TnI versus non-elevated hs-TnI level...
September 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888764/rehabilitating-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-heart-transplantation
#11
EDITORIAL
Carl J Lavie, Mark J Haykowsky, Hector O Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887931/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-management-techniques-to-liberate-from-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-manage-post-intensive-care-unit-issues
#12
REVIEW
Joseph B Zwischenberger, Harrison T Pitcher
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving technique when patients require pulmonary and/or cardiac support for days to weeks for recovery, bridge to decision, or transplantation. Due to complications associated with ECMO, it is best to stay on ECMO as little time as necessary. Foremost is weaning from ECMO, but the post-ECMO period recapitulates the entire field of critical care. Identified issues include (1) potential for systemic inflammatory response syndrome post-decannulation; (2) post-ECMO complications, such as deep vein thrombosis, wounds, renal failure, and stroke; (3) delirium; (4) posttraumatic stress disorder; (5) rehabilitation; and (6) end of life...
October 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885933/a-qualitative-study-of-participation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#13
Nathalie McIntosh, Gemmae M Fix, Kelly Allsup, Martin Charns, Sarah McDannold, Kenneth Manning, Daniel E Forman
INTRODUCTION: Despite strong incentives to use cardiac rehabilitation (CR), patient participation is low in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). This is paradoxical given that VHA is an integrated health care system that offers a range of CR programs which should logically reduce barriers to access to CR participation. The purpose of this study was to better understand the contextual factors that influence patient participation in CR and how patients consider factors together when making decisions about CR participation...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885281/correlation-between-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiac-disease
#14
Karoline Stentoft Andersen, Sussie Laustsen, Annemette Krintel Petersen
PURPOSE: Patients are referred to exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (ECR) to increase exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and thereby reduce risk of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between exercise capacity and HRQOL. Furthermore, this study examined whether improvements in HRQOL were directly related to improvements in exercise capacity. METHODS: The study included 277 patients participating in ECR...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885279/the-impact-of-reduced-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-maximal-treadmill-exercise-time-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Alejandra Farias-Godoy, Sammy Chan, Victoria E Claydon, Andrew Ignaszewski, Joanna Mendell, Julie E Park, Joel Singer, Scott A Lear
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRPs) remain underutilized partly because of access barriers. We therefore evaluated a CRP with fewer center-based sessions (rCRP) compared with standard CRP (sCRP) with respect to changes in exercise capacity and cardiac risk factors. METHODS: In this randomized controlled noninferiority trial, primary and secondary prevention patients at low and moderate risk were randomized to an sCRP (n = 60) or an rCRP (n = 61). Over 4 months, sCRP and rCRP participants attended 32 and 10 on-site cardiac rehabilitation sessions, respectively...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885278/short-and-longer-term-association-between-body-mass-index-and-health-status-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#16
Kimberley Pieters, Angela Spronk, Madoka Sunamura, Karolijn Dulfer, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Ron T van Domburg
PURPOSE: The association between body mass index (BMI) and subjective health status before and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and 1 year later was compared in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) who did (CR group) and did not receive CR (no-CR group). The aim was to investigate the association between BMI and subjective health status based on the Short Form-12 questionnaire. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 242 patients with pPCI with an acute myocardial infarction completed a CR program and were compared with 115 patients in the no-CR group...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884386/association-between-cardiac-autonomic-control-and-cognitive-performance-among-patients-post-stroke-and-age-matched-healthy-controls-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#17
Noa Raphaely Beer, Nachum Soroker, Nathan M Bornstein, Michal Katz Leurer
Associations between autonomic nervous system health and cognitive performance have been described in different populations. Autonomic disturbances are a common phenomenon in patients post stroke. Little is known about the relationship between post stroke disturbances of the autonomic nervous system and the commonly occurring disturbances of cognitive functions revealed by victims of stroke. To assess the association between heart rate variability (HRV) and cognitive performance among patients post ischemic stroke and healthy age-matched controls, 13 patients post first-ever ischemic stroke aged 40-80 years and 15 age-matched healthy controls were evaluated...
September 7, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882655/brief-psychological-intervention-in-phase-i-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Ana Cláudia Fernandes, Teresa McIntyre, Rui Coelho, Joana Prata, Maria Júlia Maciel
INTRODUCTION: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important cause of mortality and significant personal and financial costs. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have shown positive effects in reducing cardiovascular mortality and improving functional capacity. However, adherence is low and appears to be influenced by psychosocial factors, such as patients' cognitions and emotional state. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a brief in-hospital psychological intervention to promote cognitive and emotional adaptation after ACS...
September 4, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878950/exercise-dose-and-all-cause-mortality-within-extended-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-cohort-study
#19
Claire Taylor, Costas Tsakirides, James Moxon, James W Moxon, Michael Dudfield, Klaus Witte, Lee Ingle, Sean Carroll
AIMS: To investigate the relationship between exercise participation, exercise 'dose' expressed as metabolic equivalent (MET) hours (h) per week, and prognosis in individuals attending an extended, community-based exercise rehabilitation programme. METHODS: Cohort study of 435 participants undertaking exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK between 1994 and 2006, followed up to 1 November 2013. MET intensity of supervised exercise was estimated utilising serial submaximal exercise test results and corresponding exercise prescriptions...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878478/clinical-features-of-patients-diagnosed-with-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tendon-disease-a-6-month-prospective-definitive-clinical-study-from-turkey
#20
Tuba Tülay Koca, Aydın Arslan, Filiz Özdemir, Günseli Acet
[Purpose] In rotator cuff tendon disease (RCTD), anamnesis is as important as clinical findings and anatomic/radio diagnostic examination. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of patients diagnosed with RCTD using clinical and radiological methods between March 2015 and August 2015 at Malatya Research and Training Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 178 patients who were diagnosed with RCTD (128 females and 50 males). A questionnaire comprising 33 questions was given to each patient...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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