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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040952/design-synthesis-kinetic-mechanism-and-molecular-docking-studies-of-novel-1-pentanoyl-3-arylthioureas-as-inhibitors-of-mushroom-tyrosinase-and-free-radical-scavengers
#1
Fayaz Ali Larik, Aamer Saeed, Pervaiz Ali Channar, Urooj Muqadar, Qamar Abbas, Mubashir Hassan, Sung-Yum Seo, Michael Bolte
A series of novel 1-pentanoyl-3-arylthioureas was designed as new mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors and free radical scavengers. The title compounds were obtained in excellent yield and characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and X-ray crystallography in case of compound (4a). The inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase and DPPH were evaluated and it was observed that 1-Pentanoyl-3-(4-methoxyphenyl) thiourea (4f) showed tyrosinase inhibitory activity (IC50 1.568 ± 0.01 mM) comparable to Kojic acid (IC50 16...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039933/porous-uranium-diphosphonate-frameworks-with-trinuclear-units-templated-by-organic-ammonium-hydrolyzed-from-amine-solvents
#2
Zhi-Hui Zhang, Ganna A Senchyk, Yi Liu, Tyler Spano-Franco, Jennifer E S Szymanowski, Peter C Burns
By varying solvent systems, the solvothermal treatment of uranyl nitrate and methylenediphosphonic acid (H4PCP) afforded three new porous uranyl-organic frameworks (UOFs). All were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and formulated as (Et2NH2)2[(UO2)3(PCP)2](H2O)2.5 (1), (MeNH3)(H3O)[(UO2)3(PCP)2(H2O)3] (2), and [Na(H2O)4](H3O)[(UO2)3(PCP)2(H2O)2](H2O)5 (3). These compounds crystallize with three-dimensional anionic frameworks containing U(VI) and distinct cationic species due to in situ solvent hydrolysis...
October 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039922/synthesis-and-crystal-structures-of-volatile-neptunium-iv-%C3%AE-diketonates
#3
Aaron T Johnson, T Gannon Parker, Sara M Dickens, Jana K Pfeiffer, Allen G Oliver, Donald Wall, Nathalie A Wall, Martha R Finck, Kevin P Carney
Production of certified reference materials in support of domestic nuclear forensics programs require volatile precursors for introduction into electromagnetic isotopic separation instruments. β-Diketone chelates of tetravalent actinides are known for their high volatility, but previously developed synthetic approaches require starting material (NpCl4) that is prohibitively difficult and hazardous to prepare. An alternative strategy was developed here that uses controlled potential electrolysis to reduce neptunium to the tetravalent state in submolar concentrations of hydrochloric acid...
October 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036921/transformation-of-cuo-nanoparticles-in-the-aquatic-environment-influence-of-ph-electrolytes-and-natural-organic-matter
#4
Cheng Peng, Chensi Shen, Siyuan Zheng, Weiling Yang, Hang Hu, Jianshe Liu, Jiyan Shi
Many studies have shown the effect of solution chemistry on the environmental behavior of metal-based nanoparticles (NPs), except CuO NPs. Here, we investigated the agglomeration, sedimentation, dissolution, and speciation of CuO NPs by varying pH, ionic strength, ionic valence, and natural organic matter (NOM). The results showed that as the pH moved away from 6, the size of CuO agglomerates decreased, along with the enhanced NP suspension stabilization, due to the increase of electrostatic repulsive force...
October 14, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036898/highly-sensitive-and-selective-hydrogen-gas-sensor-using-the-mesoporous-sno%C3%A2-modified-layers
#5
Niuzi Xue, Qinyi Zhang, Shunping Zhang, Pan Zong, Feng Yang
It is important to improve the sensitivities and selectivities of metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas sensors when they are used to monitor the state of hydrogen in aerospace industry and electronic field. In this paper, the ordered mesoporous SnO₂ (m-SnO₂) powders were prepared by sol-gel method, and the morphology and structure were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The gas sensors were fabricated using m-SnO₂ as the modified layers on the surface of commercial SnO₂ (c-SnO₂) by screen printing technology, and tested for gas sensing towards ethanol, benzene and hydrogen with operating temperatures ranging from 200 °C to 400 °C...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036608/insights-into-rna-polymerase-catalysis-and-adaptive-evolution-gained-from-mutational-analysis-of-a-locus-conferring-rifampicin-resistance
#6
Olga Yurieva, Vadim Nikiforov, Vadim Nikiforov, Michael O'Donnell, Arkady Mustaev
S531 of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase (RNAP) β subunit is a part of RNA binding domain in transcription complex. While highly conserved, S531 is not involved in interactions within the transcription complex as suggested by X-ray analysis. To understand the basis for S531 conservation we performed systematic mutagenesis of this residue. We find that the most of the mutations significantly decreased initiation-to-elongation transition by RNAP. Surprisingly, some changes enhanced the production of full-size transcripts by suppressing abortive loss of short RNAs...
September 25, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036200/the-effect-of-the-pathological-v72i-d109n-and-t190m-missense-mutations-on-the-molecular-structure-of-%C3%AE-dystroglycan
#7
Sonia Covaceuszach, Manuela Bozzi, Maria Giulia Bigotti, Francesca Sciandra, Petr V Konarev, Andrea Brancaccio, Alberto Cassetta
Dystroglycan (DG) is a highly glycosylated protein complex that links the cytoskeleton with the extracellular matrix, mediating fundamental physiological functions such as mechanical stability of tissues, matrix organization and cell polarity. A crucial role in the glycosylation of the DG α subunit is played by its own N-terminal region that is required by the glycosyltransferase LARGE. Alteration in this O-glycosylation deeply impairs the high affinity binding to other extracellular matrix proteins such as laminins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036054/automated-angular-and-translational-tomographic-alignment-and-application-to-phase-contrast-imaging
#8
T Ramos, J S Jørgensen, J W Andreasen
X-ray computerized tomography (CT) is a 3D imaging technique that makes use of x-ray illumination and image reconstruction techniques to reproduce the internal cross-sections of a sample. Tomographic projection data usually require an initial relative alignment or knowledge of the exact object position and orientation with respect to the detector. As tomographic imaging reaches increasingly better resolution, thermal drifts, mechanical instabilities, and equipment limitations are becoming the main dominant factors contributing to sample positioning uncertainties that will further introduce reconstruction artifacts and limit the attained resolution in the final tomographic reconstruction...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035841/verification-of-an-improved-hip-joint-center-prediction-method
#9
Emily J Miller, Kenton R Kaufman
In motion analysis, the hip joint center (HJC) is used to define the proximal location of the thigh segment and is also the point about which hip moments are calculated. The HJC cannot be palpated; its location must be calculated. Functional methods have been proposed but are difficult to perform by some clinical populations. Therefore, regression methods are utilized, but yield large errors in estimating the HJC location. These prediction methods typically utilize the anterior and posterior superior iliac spines, where excessive adipose tissue makes correctly locating difficult...
October 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035808/nh2-coordinately-immobilized-tris-8-quinolinolato-iron-onto-the-silica-coated-magnetite-nanoparticle-fe3o4-sio2-feq3-as-a-selective-fenton-like-catalyst-for-clean-oxidation-of-sulfides
#10
Sadegh Rostamnia, Behnam Gholipour, Xiao Liu, Yuan Wang, Hamidreza Arandiyan
A green, robust and eco-friendly procedure for the oxidation of aromatic organic sulfides to sulfones using H2O2 catalyzed by NH2-coordinately immobilized tris(8-quinolinolato)iron onto the silica coated magnetite (Fe3SiO6) has been developed. Physicochemical properties of the resulting nanoparticles were investigated by means of techniques including X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, vibrating sample magnetometer, atomic adsorption spectroscopy and FT-IR spectroscopy...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035752/regulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-mineral-nutrient-status-by-selenium-in-arsenic-treated-crop-plant-oryza-sativa
#11
R Singh, A K Upadhyay, D P Singh
The present study was conducted to examine the impact of selenium (Se) on mineral nutrient status and oxidative stress in crop plant Oryza sativa treated with arsenic (As). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) study revealed the morphological deformities in leaf veins along with granular deposition on the leaf surface. The EDS analysis exhibited loss of elements (S, Si, Cl, K, Ca, Fe and Cu) in As(III) treatment in rice roots as compared to untreated root...
October 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035648/treatment-of-mandibular-osteomyelitis-in-two-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus-by-means-of-intensive-long-term-parenteral-drug-administration-and-serial-computed-tomographic-monitoring
#12
Lauren P Kane, Jennifer N Langan, Michael J Adkesson, Sathya K Chinnadurai, Benjamin N Nevitt, Randi Drees
CASE DESCRIPTION 2 female red-necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) were evaluated because of sudden-onset mandibular swelling, ptyalism, and hyporexia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a mandibular swelling with a fluctuant center in both wallabies. Hematologic analysis revealed leukocytosis with a mature neutrophilia and monocytosis in one wallaby (case 1) and a slight neutrophilia, hyperglobulinemia, and high serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the other (case 2). Cytologic examination of the swelling revealed a uniform population of gram-negative rods in case 1 and neutrophilic inflammation in case 2...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035601/skinfold-prediction-equations-fail-to-provide-an-accurate-estimate-of-body-composition-in-elite-rugby-union-athletes-of-caucasian-and-polynesian-ethnicity
#13
Adam Zemski, Elizabeth Broad, Gary Slater
Body composition in elite rugby union athletes is routinely assessed using surface anthropometry, which can be utilised to provide estimates of absolute body composition using regression equations. This study aims to assess the ability of available skinfold equations to estimate body composition in elite rugby union athletes, who have unique physique traits and divergent ethnicity. The development of sport-specific and ethnicity-sensitive equations was also pursued. Forty-three male international Australian rugby union athletes of Caucasian and Polynesian descent underwent surface anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) assessment...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035581/gene-expression-as-a-dosimeter-in-irradiated-drosophila-melanogaster
#14
Samana Shrestha, Adam Vanasse, Leon N Cooper, Michael P Antosh
Biological indicators would be of use in radiation dosimetry in situations where an exposed person is not wearing a dosimeter, or when physical dosimeters are insufficient to estimate the risk caused by the radiation exposure. In this work, we investigate the use of gene expression as a dosimeter. Gene expression analysis was done on 15,222 genes of Drosophila melanogaster (fruit flies) at days 2, 10, and 20 postirradiation, with X-ray exposures of 10, 1000, 5000, 10,000, and 20,000 roentgens. Several genes were identified, which could serve as a biodosimeter in an irradiated D...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035539/three-fold-symmetric-selenium-donor-metallaboratranes-of-cobalt-and-nickel
#15
Stefan Holler, Michael Tüchler, Michaela C Roschger, Ferdinand Belaj, Luis F Veiros, Karl Kirchner, Nadia C Mösch-Zanetti
A novel selenium-containing pyridazinyl-based soft scorpionate ligand (KTnse) was synthesized. It reacts with CoCl2 and NiCl2, yielding the first metallaboratrane complexes with selenium in their donor positions. Further substitution with Ag(OTf) or NaN3 allows isolation of the respective triflate or azide complexes. Reaction with Ag(OTf) leads in the case of nickel to a dinuclear, dicationic complex with a short Ni-Ni distance, while cobalt gave a mononuclear cationic species. Substitution of the chloride by azide yields with both metals the respective azide complexes...
October 16, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035374/design-of-coiled-coil-protein-origami-cages-that-self-assemble-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Ajasja Ljubetič, Fabio Lapenta, Helena Gradišar, Igor Drobnak, Jana Aupič, Žiga Strmšek, Duško Lainšček, Iva Hafner-Bratkovič, Andreja Majerle, Nuša Krivec, Mojca Benčina, Tomaž Pisanski, Tanja Ćirković Veličković, Adam Round, José María Carazo, Roberto Melero, Roman Jerala
Polypeptides and polynucleotides are natural programmable biopolymers that can self-assemble into complex tertiary structures. We describe a system analogous to designed DNA nanostructures in which protein coiled-coil (CC) dimers serve as building blocks for modular de novo design of polyhedral protein cages that efficiently self-assemble in vitro and in vivo. We produced and characterized >20 single-chain protein cages in three shapes-tetrahedron, four-sided pyramid, and triangular prism-with the largest containing >700 amino-acid residues and measuring 11 nm in diameter...
October 16, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035336/transition-of-emission-colours-as-a-consequence-of-heat-treatment-of-carbon-coated-ce-3-doped-yag-phosphors
#17
Liang-Jun Yin, Benjamin Dierre, Takashi Sekiguchi, J Ruud van Ommen, Hubertus T Bert Hintzen, Yujin Cho
To modify the luminescence properties of Ce(3+)-doped Y₃Al₅O12 (YAG) phosphors, they have been coated with a carbon layer by chemical vapor deposition and subsequently heat-treated at high temperature under N₂ atmosphere. Luminescence of the carbon coated YAG:Ce(3+) phosphors has been investigated as a function of heat-treatment at 1500 and 1650 °C. The 540 nm emission intensity of C@YAG:Ce(3+) is the highest when heated at 1650 °C, while a blue emission at 400-420 nm is observed when heated at 1500 °C but not at 1650 °C...
October 16, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035313/microstructural-modification-and-characterization-of-sericite
#18
Yu Liang, Hao Ding, Sijia Sun, Ying Chen
Activated sericite was prepared by thermal modification, acid activation and sodium modification, and it was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), N₂ adsorption test, thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results indicated that the crystallinity of raw sericite decreased after thermal modification; the pores with sizes between 5 nm to 10 nm of thermal-modified sericite have collapsed and the surface area increased after thermal modification...
October 16, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035276/unctuous-zro2-nanoparticles-with-improved-functional-attributes-as-lubricant-additives
#19
Jorge Espina-Casado, Alfonso Fernández-González, Ángel José Del Reguero-Huerga, Humberto Rodríguez-Solla, Marta Elena Díaz-García, Rosana Badía Laíño
One of the main drawbacks in the application of metal oxide nanoparticles as lubricant additives is their poor stability in organic media, despite the good anti-wear, friction-reducing and high load capacity properties described for these materials. In this work, we present a novel procedure to chemically cap the surface of ZrO2 nanoparticles (ZrO2NPs) with long hydrocarbon chains in order to obtain stable dispersions of ZrO2NPs in non-aqueous media without disrupting their attributes as lubricant additives...
October 16, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035043/remarkable-reactivity-differences-between-glucosides-with-identical-leaving-groups
#20
Tianmeng Duo, Kyle Robinson, Ian R Greig, Hong-Ming Chen, Brian O Patrick, Stephen G Withers
Two isomeric aryl 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-β-glucosides react with a β-glucosidase at rates differing by 10(6) fold, despite the fact that they release the same aromatic aglycone. In contrast the equivalent glucoside substrates react with essentially identical rate constants. Insight into the source of these surprising rate differences was obtained through a comprehensive study of the non-enzymatic (spontaneous) hydrolysis of these same substrates, wherein an approximate 10(5) fold difference in rates was measured, clarifying that the differences were inherent, rather than being due to specific interactions with the enzyme...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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