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sterile procedures in surgery patients

Yoav Nahum, Irit Bahar, Massimo Busin
PURPOSE: To report the use of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for treatment of sterile corneal perforations accompanying endothelial decompensation. METHODS: In this multicenter interventional case series, we reviewed the medical records of all tectonic DSAEK surgeries performed at Villa Serena-Villa Igea private Hospitals (Forlì, Italy) and Rabin Medical Center (Petach Tikva, Israel) between January 2014 and March 2016. RESULTS: Three patients with endothelial decompensation and sterile corneal perforation (n = 2) or impending corneal perforation (n = 1) underwent DSAEK between 2014 and 2015 at Villa Igea Hospital, Forlì, Italy, and Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel...
October 5, 2016: Cornea
Mohammed H Iqbal, Abdullatif Aydin, Oliver Brunckhorst, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
With rapid advances in technology, wearable devices have evolved and been adopted for various uses, ranging from simple devices used in aiding fitness to more complex devices used in assisting surgery. Wearable technology is broadly divided into head-mounted displays and body sensors. A broad search of the current literature revealed a total of 13 different body sensors and 11 head-mounted display devices. The latter have been reported for use in surgery (n = 7), imaging (n = 3), simulation and education (n = 2) and as navigation tools (n = 1)...
October 2016: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Sahil Bhandari, Manas Nath
INTRODUCTION: Toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) are an effective way of compensating preexisting corneal astigmatism during cataract surgery. To achieve success, it is imperative to align the toric IOLs in desired position and preoperative reference marking is one among the three important steps for accurate alignment. To make the marking procedure simpler and effective, we have modified the conventional three-step slit lamp-based technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient is seated in front of the slit lamp and asked to keep the chin over chin rest...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Kota Arima, Katsunobu Taki, Risa Inoue, Katsunori Imai, Yoichi Yamashita, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incisional surgical site infection (SSI) after pancreatic surgery remains high. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the unused sterile instruments that were not used throughout the course of surgery and were opened exactly at the moment of wound closure to prevent incisional SSI after open pancreatic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the incidence of incisional SSI and the clinical course in 203 patients who underwent pancreatic resection in our institution between April 2012 and October 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Wei Zheng, Yonghe Hu, Hai Xin
BACKGROUND: After receiving the 25 April 2015 Nepal earthquake relief mission, a fully self-sufficient Rescue Center of Trauma set up quickly in downtown Kathmandu by Chengdu Military Medical Team of PLA P. R. China. METHODS: The medical team consisted of 68 members and 40 tons of supplies, which was equivalent to a small hospital. The medical area and living area were constructed with tents. Operating areas were converted from eight simple bungalows. The main purpose of the Rescue Center of Trauma was to save those earthquake survivors who needed surgery...
September 2, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Huse Kamencic, Luke Thiel, Erwin Karreman, John Thiel
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the surgical indications and pathologic findings in patients undergoing a second surgery following placement of the Essure permanent birth control system to determine the role of Essure in developing new onset pelvic pain. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary level hospital. PATIENTS: Women who have had Essure placement and subsequent second surgery...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
İhsan Doğan, Gökmen Kahiloğullari, Haydar Sekmen, Ümit Eroğlu, Onur Özgüral, Ağahan Ünlü
AIM: The objective of this study was to report our clinical experience, surgical treatment algorithm and technique in reconstruction of uncomplicated and small-size calvarial defects by performing autolog split-bone grafting technique on anatomical findings and patients outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In thirty-six patients (aged between 28 and 125 months; median age, 68.75 months, minimum follow-up 14 months), following the resection of pathological skull region, the defective calvarial zone without bone (area, 3...
March 28, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Giorgio Maria Calori, Massimiliano Colombo, Paola Navone, Marta Nobile, Francesco Auxilia, Marco Toscano, Lorenzo Drago
The evolution of new prosthetic and osteosynthetic devices has led to more surgical indications, and this is accompanied by an increased incidence of septic complications in orthopaedic and trauma surgery in the general population. The strategy for choosing surgical or therapeutic (conservative) treatment is based on the identification of the pathogen: knowledge of the aetiological agents is an essential element in the decision-making process to ensure the most effective treatment is administered. The pathogen also needs to be considered in the challenging case of doubtful infection, where perhaps the only sign is inflammation, for a more accurate prediction of progression to either sepsis or healing...
August 1, 2016: Injury
Jerry D Brewer, Alexandra B Gonzalez, Christian L Baum, Christopher J Arpey, Randall K Roenigk, Clark C Otley, Patricia J Erwin
IMPORTANCE: Whether the use of sterile vs nonsterile gloves in outpatient cutaneous procedures affects the rate of postoperative wound infection is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore rates of surgical site infection (SSI) with the use of sterile vs nonsterile gloves in outpatient cutaneous surgical procedures. DATA SOURCES: This systematic review and meta-analysis identified studies from Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to present), Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1991 to present), Ovid EMBASE (1988 to present), EBSCO Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (1980 to present), Scopus (1996 to present), and Web of Science (1975 to present)...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
P Fulín, D Pokorný, M Šlouf, M Nevoralová, T Vacková, J Dybal, N Kaspříková, I Landor
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is today the most frequently used bearing surface in total joint replacements (TJR) because of its properties, i.e., excellent biocompatibility, good mechanical and tribological performance and high wear resistance. UHMWPE liners are the most loaded TJR components and, therefore, their properties are decisive for TJR longevity. This study had three objectives: 1) to evaluate the oxidative degradation of explanted UHMWPE components; 2) to look for a statistically significant relationship between the extent of oxidative degradation and the durability of joint replacements; and 3) to investigate whether the durability of a TJR was related to the type of sterilisation used in manufacture...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Shaoqi Tian, Bin Wang, Lun Liu, Yuanhe Wang, Chengzhi Ha, Qicai Li, Xu Yang, Kang Sun
BACKGROUND: Most studies on grafts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) have been of autografts or nonirradiated allografts with a single-bundle (SB) technique. Outcome reports evaluating anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACLR with a hamstring tendon autograft versus irradiated allograft are rare. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anatomic DB ACLR with a hamstring tendon autograft versus irradiated allograft. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2...
October 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Luigi Cormio, Gennaro Cormio, Giuseppe Di Fino, Carmen Scavone, Francesca Sanguedolce, Vera Loizzi, Giuseppe Carrieri
Surgicel(®) is an absorbable sterile mesh composed of oxidized cellulose that is used to control intraoperative capillary or venous bleeding, due to its capacity to bind hemoglobin, thus allowing the formation of an artificial clot. In the present study, a large granuloma mimicking ovarian cancer, which developed following placement of a Surgicel(®) sponge during a combined pubovaginal sling procedure and cystocele repair, is reported. The aim of the present case report is to emphasize the fact that hemostatic measures should be removed following their use, and to alert surgeons to the risk of using and leaving in situ oxidized cellulose...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
I Shrestha, M Pokharel, A Dhakal, R Cm Amatya, S Madhup, J B Sherchan
Background Nasal packs are utilized nearly by otorhinolaryngologists for controlling epistaxis and post nasal procedures. Complications have been reported due to them; therefore the use of antibiotics is a common practice among otorhinolaryngologists. Objective To detect microbiological flora associated with nasal packing and find evidence to support the benefit of systemic antibiotics with it. Method A prospective, analytical study was conducted on 51 patients presenting to the Department of ENT, KUSMS from June to September 2015 who required nasal packing...
October 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Yoichi Taniguchi, Akira Aoki, Kazuto Sakai, Koji Mizutani, Walter Meinzer, Yuichi Izumi
The objective of this study was to evaluate an Er:YAG laser (ErL) application for periodontal regenerative surgery in angular bone defects at nine sites in six patients. Debridement was thoroughly performed using a combination of curettage with a Gracey-type curette and ErL irradiation at a panel setting of 70 mJ/pulse and 20 Hz with sterile saline spray. After applying an enamel matrix derivative and autogenous bone grafting, ErL was used to form a blood clot coagulation on the grafted bone surface at 50 mJ/pulse and 20 Hz without water spray for approximately 30 seconds...
July 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Ricardo Landini Lutaif Dolci, Marcel Menon Miyake, Daniela Akemi Tateno, Natalia Amaral Cançado, Carlos Augusto Correia Campos, Américo Rubens Leite Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Lazarini
INTRODUCTION: The large increase in the number of transnasal endoscopic skull base surgeries is a consequence of greater knowledge of the anatomic region, the development of specific materials and instruments, and especially the use of the nasoseptal flap as a barrier between the sinus tract (contaminated cavity) and the subarachnoid space (sterile area), reducing the high risk of contamination. OBJECTIVE: To assess the otorhinolaryngologic complications in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery of the skull base, in which a nasoseptal flap was used...
May 31, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Baoliang Zhao, Carl A Nelson
Robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has gained popularity due to its high dexterity and reduced invasiveness to the patient; however, due to the loss of direct touch of the surgical site, surgeons may be prone to exert larger forces and cause tissue damage. To quantify tool-tissue interaction forces, researchers have tried to attach different kinds of sensors on the surgical tools. This sensor attachment generally makes the tools bulky and/or unduly expensive and may hinder the normal function of the tools; it is also unlikely that these sensors can survive harsh sterilization processes...
October 2016: Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics
H Piechota
With a share of 22.4%, nosocomial urinary tract infections (nUTIs) are among the most frequent infections acquired in hospitals, along with surgical site infections (24.7%), pneumonia (21.5%), clostridium difficile infections (6.6%) and primary sepsis (6%) 1. 80% of all nUTIs are associated with indwelling urinary catheters, with 12-16% of all hospitalised patients and up to 81.8% of all intensive care patients receiving an indwelling urinary catheter during their hospital stay 2 3. Therefore, profound knowledge about the basics of catheter-associated nUTIs and the correct management of urinary catheters are of utmost individual and socio-economic importance 4 5...
May 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
M Peycelon, G Rossignol, C O Muller, E Carricaburu, P Philippe-Chomette, A Paye-Jaouen, A El Ghoneimi
INTRODUCTION: The absence of a testis occurs for various reasons in children, but testicular prosthesis implantation in children is uncommon. The optimal time for prosthesis placement is still unclear, and its complication rate has been poorly studied in children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of complications in cases of testicular prosthesis implantation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A monocentric, retrospective review was performed of children implanted with a testicular prosthesis between 2008 and 2014...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Urgessa Soressa, Abebe Mamo, Desta Hiko, Netsanet Fentahun
BACKGROUND: In Africa, acute intestinal obstruction accounts for a great proportion of morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is one of the countries where intestinal obstruction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine prevalence, causes and management outcome of intestinal obstruction in Adama Hospital in Oromia region, Ethiopia. METHOD: A hospital based cross-sectional study design was used. Data covering the past three years were collected from hospital medical records of sampled patients...
2016: BMC Surgery
Rachel B Danis, Carl R Della Badia, Scott D Richard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There has recently been an expansion in the use of bilateral salpingectomy at the time of sterilization to theoretically decrease ovarian cancer risk. We sought to determine if postpartum salpingectomy is equivalent to postpartum bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) in terms of duration, estimated blood loss (EBL), and complication rate. DESIGN: A retrospective case series (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: An academic inner-city hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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