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blood investigations post op patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641935/post-pcnl-sirs-is-not-associated-with-unplanned-readmission
#1
Rachel Moses, Deepak Agarwal, Eric Raffin, Boyd Viers, Vidit Sharma, Amy Krambeck, Vernon Pais
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL ) and evaluate any association with unplanned 90 day readmission. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients undergoing PCNL in two dedicated endourologic practices between 2009 and 2013. We collected patient demographics, perioperative culture data, and operative characteristics. SIRS was defined as having two or more of the following: maximum white blood cell count >12,000 or <4,000, temperature>38or<34 degrees Celsius, heart rate >90, and respiratory rate >20 within the first 24hrs following PCNL...
September 15, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641744/circulating-tumor-dna-detection-in-lung-cancer-patients-before-and-after-surgery
#2
Nannan Guo, Feng Lou, Yongfu Ma, Jie Li, Bo Yang, Wei Chen, Hua Ye, Jing-Bo Zhang, Ming-Yu Zhao, Wen-Jun Wu, Rong Shi, Lindsey Jones, Katherine S Chen, Xue F Huang, Si-Yi Chen, Yang Liu
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in peripheral blood is a "liquid biopsy" that contains representative tumor information including gene mutations. Additionally, repeated ctDNA samples can be easily obtained to monitor response to treatment and disease progression, which may be especially valuable to lung cancer patients with tumors that cannot be easily biopsied or removed. To investigate the changes in ctDNA after surgical tumor resection, tumor and blood samples obtained before and after surgery were collected prospectively from 41 non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) patients...
September 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508799/-op-lb-02-03-effects-of-multielectrode-renal-denervation-on-sympathetic-nerve-activity-and-insulin-resistance-in-metabolic-syndrome
#3
C Tsioufis, K Dimitriadis, A Kasiakogias, T Kalos, I Liatakis, E Koutra, L Nikolopoulou, E Lau, V Papademetriou, D Tousoulis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of renal denervation (RDN) on sympathetic nerve activity and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome at 3 months post-RDN. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventeen patients fulfilled 4/5 criteria for metabolic syndrome and under stable use of at least two anti-hypertensive drugs at maximum tolerated doses for at least 4 weeks were enrolled and randomized in 3:1 ratio to RDN [n = 13, 12 males, age: 58 ± 7 years] and Control groups [n = 4, 3 males, age: 60 ± 5 years]...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508657/-op-1a-10-conventional-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-as-predictors-of-retinal-arteriolar-narrowing
#4
F Wei, Z Y Zhang, L Thijs, W Y Yang, L Jacobs, N Cauwenberghs, Y M Gu, T Kuznetsova, K Allegaert, P Verhamme, Y Li, H A J Struijker-Boudier, J A Staessen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate to what extent conventional (CBP) and daytime ambulatory (ABP) blood pressure predict narrowing of the retinal microvasculature. DESIGN AND METHOD: In a population-based longitudinal study, 783 white Flemish participants (mean age, 38.2 years; 51.3% women) were randomly recruited, whose blood pressure was measured at baseline and follow-up and who underwent retinal photography at follow-up. CBP and ABP were averaged of five consecutive auscultatory readings and ambulatory oscillometric readings (10 AM-8 PM) programmed at 20 minute intervals...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26435985/study-on-diastolic-dysfunction-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-correlation-with-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba1c
#5
Abhay Kumar Chaudhary, Girish Kumar Aneja, Shubhra Shukla, Syed Mohd Razi
INTRODUCTION: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) represents the first stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy preceding changes in systolic function, reinforcing the importance of early examination of ventricular function in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the incidence of asymptomatic LVDD in newly diagnosed normotensive cases of type 2 diabetes subjects, and its relation to glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C), age at the time of diagnosis, body mass index (BMI) and serum total cholesterol...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26010582/prospective-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-presenting-to-hospital-a-generalisable-clinical-audit
#6
A Soltani, D Reid, K Wills, E H Walters
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To determine predictors of short- and long-term outcomes in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (AECOPD) presenting to hospital. METHODS: A prospective clinical audit of AECOPD attendances to the only public acute general hospital in Southern Tasmania, Australia. Out of 416 attendances with AECOPD to the emergency department (ED) between November 2006 and July 2008, 150 patients with 218 attendances were followed to March 2009...
September 2015: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25494314/injectable-gelatin-used-as-hemostatic-agent-to-stop-pedicle-bleeding-in-long-deformity-surgical-procedures-does-it-embolize
#7
Craig Allen Kuhns, Cristi R Cook, John R Dodam, Stacey Benton Leach, Keiichi Kuroki, Tyler James Jenkins, Anne Marie Tallmage, Daniel Gerard Hoernschemeyer
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective porcine animal model. OBJECTIVE: Determine if injecting FloSeal into pedicles for hemostasis causes emboli. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Bleeding from spinal deformity cases can be substantial, especially when surgical procedures involve bilateral fixation at multiple segments. It is not unusual to observe hemorrhage from vascular pedicles during each step of pedicle screw tract preparation. When multiple fixation points are required, blood loss can be excessive...
February 15, 2015: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25379178/ct-diagnosis-of-a-post-embolization-ischemic-diverticulitis-of-meckel
#8
Tom De Beule, Katya Op de Beeck, Gert De Hertogh, Gregory Sergeant, Geert Maleux
A 23-year-old man presented with hypovolemic shock due to a lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Radiological and endoscopic investigation did not reveal the bleeding site. Emergency visceral angiography showed contrast extravasation at a right-sided branch of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Embolization of the bleeding point was performed, resulting in bleeding cessation. One week later, the patient presented with a new episode of moderate anal blood loss associated with diffuse abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an ischemic small bowel diverticulum that was treated by a laparoscopically-assisted segmental small bowel resection...
October 2014: Acta Radiologica Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334577/effective-and-efficient-utilization-of-noninvasive-ventilator-support-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-opportunities-for-improvement
#9
Vijay Vanam, Priya Debnath, Naga Swetha Bommisetty, Viswanath Vasudevan, Qammar Abbas, Praveen Jinnur, Ameer Rasheed
SESSION TITLE: Quality & Clinical Improvement Posters IISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: The study was undertaken to ascertain compliance with The Brooklyn Hospital CPAP/NiPPV policy/protocol (adapted from Canadian Medical Association evidence based guideline publication CMAJ 2011, 183(3) & Journalof Respiratory care). Identify opportunities for improvement in safe, effective and cost-efficient utilization of NiPPV/CPAP in acute respiratory failure...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25306748/-the-risk-of-atherosclerosis-and-osteoporosis-development-in-post-ovariectomy-syndrome-women-during-hormone-replacement-therapy
#10
E Iu Maĭchuk, I V Voevodina, T V Mitrokhina, I A Makarova, S V Iureneva
AIM: To study the formation of and trends in risk factors (RFs) for cardiovascular disease (CVD), their influence on the occurrence of early (preclinical) atherosclerotic lesions, a combination of these changes with osteoporosis (OP) in women following bilateral oophorectomy depending on whether hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is performed. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 50 women with surgical menopause after bilateral oophorectomy in combination with hysterectomy who received estrogen monotherapy (a study group) and 37 patients who underwent the same operation, but had no HRT (a control group)...
2014: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25284555/tuberculosis-frequency-and-differential-diagnosis-analysis-of-cases-in-pakistan
#11
I Ahmed, S Hashmi, F Tanwir, S Ahmed, M S Khan
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is highly prevalent in Pakistan and the numbers are on increase each year. Cervical lymphadenopathy, a common finding in tuberculosis and other inflammatory, infectious and malignant etiologies, is commonly encountered in hospital setting in Karachi, Pakistan. Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis are blood tinged sputum, weight loss, night sweats, loss of appetite and weakness. A through history, complete physical examination and investigations are needed to diagnose tuberculosis...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25221629/oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-and-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-type-2-diabetic-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance-saudi-men
#12
Essam Eldin Mohamed Nour Eldin, Abdullah Almarzouki, Adel Mohamed Assiri, Osman Mohammed Elsheikh, Badreldin Elsonni Abdalla Mohamed, Abdullatif Taha Babakr
BACKGROUND: Oxidative modification of low density lipoproteins (LDL) convert these native particles into pathogenic, immunogenic and atherogenic particles. Factors enhance LDL oxidation are poorly understood, especially in conditions of hyperglycemia. The present study was conducted to investigate which metabolic conditions are associated with the promotion of LDL oxidation in different glycemic situations. METHODS: Adult male participants (274) were selected from patients admitted to the outpatient department of Diabetes Center in Al-Noor Specialized Hospital in Makkah and other citizens and residents in the city...
2014: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25098710/minimum-5-year-follow-up-of-1138-consecutive-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomies
#13
Ricardo Soares, Antonina Di Benedetto, Zach Dovey, Simon Bott, Roy G McGregor, Christopher G Eden
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 1138 patients underwent LRP during a 163-month period from 2000 to 2008, of which 51.5%, 30.3% and 18.2% were categorised into D'Amico risk groups of low-, intermediate- and high-risk, respectively. All intermediate- and high-risk patients were staged by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography and isotope bone scanning, and had a pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND), which was extended after April 2008...
April 2015: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24179886/alveolar-gas-exchange-and-pulmonary-functions-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Anandhalakshmi S, Manikandan S, Ganeshkumar P, Ramachandran C
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes is increasing tremendously throughout the world especially in the developing countries. This disease affects various organs like eyes, nerves, kidneys and the heart. In this study, we investigated whether lungs are also one of the target organs of diabetes mellitus or not. AIM: To assess the pulmonary function parameters including alveolar gas exchange in patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and to find the influence of hyperglycaemia and duration of diabetes...
September 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23942473/update-on-raloxifene-mechanism-of-action-clinical-efficacy-adverse-effects-and-contraindications
#15
REVIEW
Salvatore Gizzo, Carlo Saccardi, Tito Silvio Patrelli, Roberto Berretta, Giampiero Capobianco, Stefania Di Gangi, Antonio Vacilotto, Anna Bertocco, Marco Noventa, Emanuele Ancona, Donato D'Antona, Giovanni Battista Nardelli
Raloxifene is the only selective estrogen receptor modulator approved for long-term treatment in the prevention of osteoporotic fractures and for the reduction of invasive breast cancer risk in post-menopausal women. The demonstrated beneficial effects on bone and mammalian tissue led clinical and molecular research to focus mainly on these organs, giving less attention to all other systemic effects. The aim of this review was to evaluate all described systemic effects of raloxifene, investigating its molecular and tissutal mechanism of action...
June 2013: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23865370/a-case-of-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-with-diverse-etiologies-successful-treatment-with-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-pulse-prednisolone-and-effects-on-strail-and-scd200-levels
#16
Arzu Didem Yalcin, Ayse Akman Karakas, Gokalp Soykam, Reginald M Gorczynski, Cem Sezer, Atil Bisgin, Ludwig G Strauss
BACKGROUND: Here, we report the first case of patient with intracranial tumors (ICT) who developed a cutaneous adverse drug reaction during lansoprazole and prophylactic anticonvulsant treatment. SCORTEN is a scoring system used to predict mortality in TEN patients. If SCORTEN index is 5 or more, mortality rate is more than 90%. SCORTEN of our patient was calculated as 5. METHODS: Our patient is a 64 year-old white female, who had glioma and had been on post-op prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy...
2013: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23130284/clinical-patterns-of-vitiligo-and-its-associated-co-morbidities-a-prospective-controlled-cross-sectional-study-in-south-india
#17
D S Krupa Shankar, K Shashikala, Rama Madala
AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical patterns and associations of vitiligo, audiometric functions, and ocular involvement and to correlate the morphology, clinical behaviour and comorbidities associated with vitiligo. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: For this prospective and cross-sectional study 80 self-reporting patients in the age group 7-75 years with vitiligo attending the outpatient department of Manipal hospital during the period August 2008 to February 2010 were selected and the data was analysed...
May 2012: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23123579/relationship-between-increased-endogenous-parathormone-levels-and-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#18
A Coin, N Veronese, F Bolzetta, M De Rui, E Manzato, G Sergi
AIM: Bisphosphonates increase bone mineral density (BMD) and also increase parathyroid hormone (PTH): the rule of increased PTH on BMD is not well known. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between endogenous PTH levels and BMD after 18 months of antiresorptive therapy in a group of post-menopausal women with normal baseline PTH levels. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 62 women with normal baseline PTH levels (mean age 62.7 ± 8.6 years) who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, thoracic-lumbar radiography, and blood and urine sampling at the baseline and after 18 months...
December 2012: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22842667/serum-sclerostin-levels-decline-in-post-menopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-following-treatment-with-intermittent-parathyroid-hormone
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Piemonte, E Romagnoli, C Bratengeier, W Woloszczuk, A Tancredi, J Pepe, C Cipriani, S Minisola
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of 18-month treatment with PTH (1-34) or PTH (1-84) on serum sclerostin levels in humans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We investigated 10 women with severe osteoporosis, previously treated with alendronate and 20 untreated osteoporotic women. Subjects with severe osteoporosis were randomly divided into 2 groups of 5 patients each; the first group was treated with 20 μg of PTH (1-34) and the second one with 100 μg of PTH (1-84) according to an open-label design...
October 2012: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22762710/increased-plasma-mannose-binding-lectin-levels-are-associated-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans-after-lung-transplantation
#20
Steven J Budd, Robert M Aris, Ayorinde A Medaiyese, Stephen L Tilley, Isabel P Neuringer
BACKGROUND: Long-term lung allograft survival is limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Mannose binding lectin (MBL) belongs to the innate immune system, participates in complement activation, and may predispose to graft rejection. We investigated mannose binding (MBL) during cold ischemia and in tissue samples from explanted lungs with BOS, and assessed MBL and complement proteins in plasma post-lung transplantation relative to BOS staging. METHODS: MBL was detected by immunohistochemistry lung tissue at the time of cold ischemia and in samples with BOS...
2012: Respiratory Research
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