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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733269/the-current-role-of-whole-brain-radiation-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#1
REVIEW
Gokoulakrichenane Loganadane, Lizza Hendriks, Cécile Le Péchoux, Antonin Levy
The incidence of brain metastases (BM) has increased in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients as a result of better systemic disease control and advances in imaging modalities. Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) has been the mainstay treatment of multiple symptomatic brain metastases for years. A number of recent publications questioned its place in absence of survival and quality of life benefit (QoL) and the possible risk of long-term neurotoxicity. Omission or deferral of WBRT, alongside with strategies consisting of radiosurgery (SRS) or the delivery of systemic therapies alone, are more and more proposed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730760/targeted-therapy-with-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-inhibitors-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-even-with-brain-metastasis
#2
Bekir Muhammet Hacioglu, Osman Kostek, Bulent Erdogan, Sernaz Uzunoglu, Irfan Cicin
The incidence of brain metastases has increased as a result of improved systemic disease control and advances in imaging. Brain metastasis can occur approximately in 25-40% of the patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and it is a frequent cause of death. Stereotactic radiosurgery, whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or surgical resection are the local treatment modalities for brain metastases which are feasible either alone, in combination, or as sequential treatments. Resistance to systemic therapy for brain metastasis poses significant clinical problems...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730245/unusual-triple-combination-of-prostate-lung-and-skin-cancer
#3
Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Cristiana Gabriela Popp, Elena Tatiana Ivan, Dan IonuŢ Gheonea
Multiple malignancies are an increasing combination in the recent years in cancer patients, due to prolonged survival rate and to the advances in diagnostic techniques and therapeutic management. We present the case of a patient diagnosed with prostate cancer and metachronous in one year with basal cell carcinoma of the skin and small lung cell carcinoma with lymph nodes and pararectal metastasis. To our best knowledge, this is the only case presented in the medical literature with these three different types of primary malignancy...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728297/-the-prognosis-and-clinicopathological-characteristics-of-70-gastric-cancer-patients-with-elevated-serum-afp
#4
Y K Wang, L Shen, X T Zhang
Objective: This study aimed to review the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of advanced gastric cancer patients with elevated serum Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Methods: From August 2006 to May 2016, 70patients with advanced gastric cancer were enrolled retrospectively. All these patients had pathologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma, had a serum AFP level of more than 20 ng/ml, and received at least first-line treatment. The clinicopathological data and follow-up data were collected for analysis...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725587/multi-parametric-mri-imaging-of-the-prostate-implications-for-focal-therapy
#5
REVIEW
James S Wysock, Herbert Lepor
The primary goal of a focal therapy treatment paradigm is to achieve cancer control through targeted tissue destruction while simultaneously limiting deleterious effects on peri-prostatic structures. Focal therapy approaches are employed in several oncologic treatment protocols, and have been shown to provide equivalent cancer control for malignancies such as breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Efforts to develop a focal therapy approach for prostate cancer have been challenged by several concepts including the multifocal nature of the disease and limited capability of prostate ultrasound and systematic biopsy to reliably localize the site(s) and aggressiveness of disease...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725449/therapeutic-options-for-treatment-of-human-papillomavirus-associated-cancers-novel-immunologic-vaccines-adxs11-001
#6
REVIEW
Brett Miles, Howard P Safran, Bradley J Monk
Survival of patients with advanced, recurrent, or metastatic human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancer is suboptimal despite the availability of various treatment modalities. The recently developed bacterial vector Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) activates innate and adaptive immune responses and is expected to offer immunologic advantages. Axalimogene filolisbac (AXAL or ADXS11-001) is a novel immunotherapeutic based on the live, irreversibly attenuated Lm fused to the nonhemolytic fragment of listeriolysin O (Lm-LLO) and secretes the Lm-LLO-HPV E7 fusion protein targeting HPV-positive tumors...
2017: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725426/colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-csf1r-inhibitors-in-cancer-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Michael A Cannarile, Martin Weisser, Wolfgang Jacob, Anna-Maria Jegg, Carola H Ries, Dominik Rüttinger
The tumor-permissive and immunosuppressive characteristics of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) have fueled interest in therapeutically targeting these cells. In this context, the colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1)/colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) axis has gained the most attention, and various approaches targeting either the ligands or the receptor are currently in clinical development. Emerging data on the tolerability of CSF1/CSF1R-targeting agents suggest a favorable safety profile, making them attractive combination partners for both standard treatment modalities and immunotherapeutic agents...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725252/individualized-3d-scanning-and-printing-for-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-brachytherapy-a-financial-study-for-its-integration-into-clinical-workflow
#8
Meritxell Arenas, Sebastià Sabater, Andreu Sintas, Monica Arguís, Víctor Hernández, Miguel Árquez, Iolanda López, Àngeles Rovirosa, Doménec Puig
PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common tumor in the population. There are different therapeutic modalities. Brachytherapy is one of the techniques used, in which it is necessary to build customized moulds for some patients. Currently, these moulds are made by hand using rudimentary techniques. We present a new procedure based on 3D printing and the analysis of the clinical workflow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Moulds can be made either by hand or by automated 3D printing...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724330/immunotherapy-advances-for-mesothelioma-treatment
#9
Emyr Bakker, Alice Guazzelli, Firozeh Ashtiani, Constantinos Demonacos, Marija Krstic-Demonacos, Luciano Mutti
Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer that is strongly tied to asbestos exposure. Despite application of different modalities such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, patient prognosis remains very poor and therapies are ineffective. Much research currently focuses on the application of novel approaches such as immunotherapy towards this disease. Areas Covered: The types, stages and aetiology of mesothelioma are detailed, followed by a discussion of the current treatment options such as radiotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy...
July 20, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723615/nanoformulations-of-curcumin-an-emerging-paradigm-for-improved-remedial-application
#10
REVIEW
Meeta Gera, Neelesh Sharma, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Do Luong Huynh, Sung Jin Lee, Taesun Min, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
Curcumin is a natural polyphenol and essential curcuminoid derived from the rhizome of the medicinal plant Curcuma longa (L.) is universally acknowledged as "Wonder drug of life". It is a vital consumable and restorative herb, commonly keened for several ailments such as cancer, arthritis, pain, bruises, gastrointestinal quandaries, swelling and much more. Despite its enormous curative potential, the poor aqueous solubility and consequently, minimal systemic bioavailability with rapid degradation are some of the major factors which restrict the utilization of curcumin at medical perspective...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722674/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-platinum-sensitivity-status-and-survival-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#11
Qiang Wen, Xue Meng, Peng Xie, Shijiang Wang, Xindong Sun, Jinming Yu
In this retrospective study, we analyzed the association of clinicopathological factors and therapeutic plans with platinum-sensitivity status and survival of limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients. We enrolled 452 LS-SCLC patients with 279 platinum sensitive and 173 platinum refractory patients. The low serum neuro-specific enolase levels (NSE; p = 0.011), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLR; p = 0.013) and higher objective response rates (p = 0.003) were associated with sensitive group but not the refractory group...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722451/-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-the-modalities-of-its-therapy
#12
Petr Arenberger, Jiří Ettler
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) also known as basalioma or basal cell cancer, is the most common skin cancer. BCC has a very low metastatic risk. This tumor can cause significant disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues. It occurs mainly in fair-skinned patients with a family history of this cancer. Sunlight is a factor in about two-thirds of these cancers. Standard surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Mohs micrographic surgery is an outpatient or inpatient procedure in which the tumor is surgically excised and then immediately examined under a microscope...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722080/-a-surgery-oriented-classification-in-conversion-therapy-of-gastric-cancer
#13
Ziyu Li, Kan Xue, Jiafu Ji
Clinical practice showed that some advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients achieved long-term survival after surgery, whereas some benefited from non-surgical treatment. In recent years, with the emergence of new drugs, diversity of treatment and development of multi-disciplinary team, the concept of conversion therapy comes into attention. Owing to diverse phenotypes with scattered cases, publications are mainly case reports or small sample studies from single centers, which makes it hard to acquire high-level evidence...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721887/external-beam-radiation-therapy-with-a-brachytherapy-boost-versus-radical-prostatectomy-in-gleason-pattern-5-prostate-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Chenyang Wang, Amar U Kishan, Mitchell Kamrava, Michael L Steinberg, Christopher R King
PURPOSE: Patients with prostate cancer (PCa) containing Gleason pattern (GP) 5 disease experience a greater and earlier incidence of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) than general PCa patients. This affords the statistical power to compare PCSM outcomes among different treatment modalities even when restricting the analysis to patients treated in the modern era. The purpose of the present study was to compare the survival outcomes among patients with GP 5 PCa on needle core biopsy or transurethral resection of the prostate who underwent extremely dose-escalated radiation therapy (RT; exemplified by external beam RT with a brachytherapy boost [EBRT + BT]) versus radical prostatectomy (RP) in the modern era...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721645/is-cancer-information-exchanged-on-social-media-scientifically-accurate
#15
Elizabeth A Gage-Bouchard, Susan LaValley, Molli Warunek, Lynda Kwon Beaupin, Michelle Mollica
Cancer patients and their caregivers are increasingly using social media as a platform to share cancer experiences, connect with support, and exchange cancer-related information. Yet, little is known about the nature and scientific accuracy of cancer-related information exchanged on social media. We conducted a content analysis of 12 months of data from 18 publically available Facebook Pages hosted by parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 15,852 posts) and extracted all exchanges of medically-oriented cancer information...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721214/porocarcinoma-presentation-and-management-a-meta-analysis-of-453-cases
#16
REVIEW
Abdulwahid M Salih, F H Kakamad, Hiwa O Baba, Rawezh Q Salih, M R Hawbash, Shvan H Mohammed, Snur Othman, Yadgar A Saeed, Imad J Habibullah, Aso S Muhialdeen, Rebaz O Nawroly, Zuhair D Hammood, Nawshirwan H Abdulkarim
BACKGROUND: porocarcinoma is a rare sort of skin cancer developing from sweat glands. Its clinical course and management are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: the current meta-analysis is to address the presentation and management of porocarcinoma. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science, PubMed, MEDLINE on OVID and Google scholar were searched for English-language studies published before December 1, 2016. RESULTS: The review of literature revealed 453 cases...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720686/oncolytic-virus-induced-cell-death-and-immunity-a-match-made-in-heaven
#17
REVIEW
Jolien De Munck, Alex Binks, Iain A McNeish, Joeri L Aerts
Our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for cancer development has increased enormously over the last decades. However, for many cancers, this has not been translated into a significant improvement in overall survival, and overall mortality remains high. Treatment for many malignancies remains based on surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Significant progress has been made toward the development of more specific, more potent, and less invasive treatment modalities, but such targeted therapies remain the exception for most cancers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719552/immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-organ-transplant-patients
#18
Adam S Kittai, Hayden Oldham, Jeremy Cetnar, Matthew Taylor
Modulation of T-cell activity through blockade of coinhibitory molecules has revolutionized the treatment of various malignancies. Several immune checkpoint inhibitors are currently Food and Drug Administration approved which target various coinhibitory pathways including cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed death 1 receptor (PD-1), and programmed cell death ligand-1. Clinical trials that lead to the Food and Drug Administration approval of these agents often excluded patients with an organ transplant...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718037/cost-effectiveness-of-surveillance-for-distant-recurrence-in-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#19
Trevor J Royce, Rinaa S Punglia, Aileen B Chen, Sagar A Patel, Katherine A Thornton, Chandrajit P Raut, Elizabeth H Baldini
BACKGROUND: Optimal distant recurrence (DR) surveillance strategies for extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are unknown. We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of different imaging modalities performed at guideline-specified intervals. METHODS: We developed a Markov model simulating lifetime outcomes for 54-year-old patients after definitive treatment for American Joint Committee on Cancer stage II-III extremity STS using four surveillance strategies: watchful waiting (WW), chest X-ray (CXR), chest computed tomography (CCT), and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)...
July 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717958/-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-updates-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#20
REVIEW
J Doescher, J A Veit, T K Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The TNM system is an established tool for classification of solid tumors by means of tumor size and extent, the involvement of local lymph nodes, and the presence of distant metastases. The classification was established in order to visualize prognostic implications and to allow establishment of systematic therapeutic algorithms. Since the beginning of 2017 a revised version of the classification has applied. Particularly the classification of otorhinolaryngologic tumors has been thoroughly revised in the 8th edition, partly on the basis of new prognostically relevant parameters, such as infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes...
July 17, 2017: HNO
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