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Screening for thyroid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931318/thyroid-function-testing-in-neonates-with-maternal-history-of-disease
#1
Lisa Underland, Lisa Kenigsberg, Kristina Derrick, Rebecca Crespi, Tara Kaushal, Leslie Lam
Maternal history of thyroid disease can cause congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid-stimulatng hormone (TSH) blocking antibodies. No guidelines exist regarding testing beyond the newborn screen. TSH and T4 levels exhibit significant fluctuations after birth which complicates testing. A total of 561 newborns with thyroid function testing done for maternal history of thyroid disease in the newborn nursery were identified retrospectively via chart review, and thyroid disease status was assessed in 352. Newborn screening data were also obtained...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915531/subclinical-hyperthyroidism-and-the-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Alessandro P Delitala
Thyroid hormone excess has complex metabolic effects, particularly on the cardiovascular system. Treatment of these conditions is universally suggested by international guidelines. Subclinical hyperthyroidism, defined by reduced or suppressed TSH levels in the presence of normal free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine values, is common in the general population and progressively increases with aging, being as high as 15.4% in subjects more than 75 years old and more frequent in subjects with nodular goiter...
September 15, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911684/a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study-to-determine-the-effect-of-ankascin-568-plus-on-blood-glucose-regulation
#3
Yin-Ruei Wang, Sheng-Fu Liu, You-Cheng Shen, Chien-Li Chen, Chine-Ning Huang, Tzu-Ming Pan, Chin-Kun Wang
Diabetes is the fourth major cause of death in Taiwan. High blood glucose can lead to macrovascular diseases, small vessel diseases (retinopathy, kidney disease), and neuropathy. This study aimed to investigate whether Monascus-fermented products (ANKASCIN 568 plus) can regulate blood glucose and blood lipids. This study enrolled 39 patients with a fasting blood glucose level between 100 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL, and a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of <9%. All patients were randomly divided into placebo (n=20) and experimental (n=19) groups...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901968/medical-comorbidity-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-special-focus-on-cardiometabolic-autoimmune-hepatic-and-cancer-diseases-an-updated-review
#4
Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is defined by hyperandrogenism, irregular menses and polycystic ovaries when other causes are excluded. The possible implication of increased morbidity in PCOS for screening and follow-up is uncertain and is reviewed in this article. RECENT FINDINGS: The increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in PCOS is closely associated with BMI. Women with PCOS should be screened for the elements of the metabolic syndrome upon diagnosis...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900777/an-exploration-of-genotype-phenotype-link-between-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-and-stk11-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Julian Daniell, John-Paul Plazzer, Anuradha Perera, Finlay Macrae
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant hereditary polyposis syndrome. Clinical features include hamartomatous polyps, mucocutaneous pigmentation and an increased predisposition towards developing malignancy. Variants in STK11, a tumour suppressor gene, located on Chromosome 19, predispose to PJS. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome is associated with increased rates of malignancy, particularly gastrointestinal. However, PJS is also associated with increased gynaecological, testicular and thyroid papillary malignancy...
September 12, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893031/estimation-of-salivary-parameters-among-autoimmune-thyroiditis-patients
#6
Yasmeen Amthul Syed, Bh Satheesh Reddy, T K Ramamurthy, Kavitha Rajendra, Narendra Kumar Nerella, Meenakshi Krishnan, M V Ramesh, Rezwana Begum Mohammed
INTRODUCTION: Saliva is a complex secretion that protects and lubricates the oral cavity. Various systemic diseases and their treatment alter the salivary gland function; one such disease is Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (AITD). AITD has been postulated to exert its hormonal influence on the salivary glands, leading to reduced salivary output. There's a paucity of literature, verifying the stated conjunction in human subjects. AIM: The aim was to investigate the salivary profile in AITD patients and its comparison with controls...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889146/celiac-disease-in-saudi-children-evaluation-of-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
#7
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri, Hebah Assiri, Anhar Ullah, Mohsin Rashid
 Objectives: To characterize the clinical presentations and diagnosis including serological tests and histopathological findings in children with celiac disease. Methods: All children (less than 18 years) with confirmed celiac disease diagnosed over a 6 year period at a private tertiary care health care center in Riyadh,  Saudi Arabia were studied retrospectively. Information collected included demographics, clinical presentation and diagnostic modalities with serology and small intestinal histology reported by Marsh grading...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884682/microct-based-phenomics-in-the-zebrafish-skeleton-reveals-virtues-of-deep-phenotyping-in-a-distributed-organ-system
#8
Matthew Hur, Charlotte A Gistelinck, Philippe Huber, Jane Lee, Marjorie H Thompson, Adrian T Monstad-Rios, Claire J Watson, Sarah K McMenamin, Andy Willaert, David M Parichy, Paul Coucke, Ronald Y Kwon
Phenomics, which ideally involves in-depth phenotyping at the whole-organism scale, may enhance our functional understanding of genetic variation. Here, we demonstrate methods to profile hundreds of phenotypic measures comprised of morphological and densitometric traits at a large number of sites within the axial skeleton of adult zebrafish. We show the potential for vertebral patterns to confer heightened sensitivity, with similar specificity, in discriminating mutant populations compared to analyzing individual vertebrae in isolation...
September 8, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868257/serum-mirnas-as-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-thyroid-cancer-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad-Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Ameneh Mehri-Ghahfarrokhi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Gholam-Reza Mobini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and accounts for 1% of cancers. In recent years, there has been much interest in the feasibility of using miRNAs or miRNA panels as biomarkers for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer. miRNAs are noncoding RNAs with 21-23 nucleotides that are highly conserved during evolution. They have been proposed as regulators of gene expression, apoptosis, cancer, and cell growth and differentiation. METHODS: The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Google Scholar, PubMed (NLM), LISTA (EBSCO), and Web of Science were searched...
July 2017: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843269/survival-of-patients-with-thyroid-cancer-in-yazd-iran
#10
Hassan Ali Vahedian Ardakani, Mansour Moghimi, Mohammad Shayestehpour, Masoud Doosti, Shamsi Beigi Sharifabadi
Background: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine related malignancy in the world. This cancer has increased during recent years in Iran and is the11th most common malignancy in Iranian population. Survival of patients with thyroid carcinoma in the different geographic areas within Iran is not clear. The present study aimed to estimate survival of patients suffering from thyroid cancer in Yazd, Iran. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data were collected from 80 patients with thyroid cancer registered in Shohadaye Kargar and Shahid Sadoughy hospitals in Yazd between March 2001 and March 2012...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819917/polyglandular-autoimmune-syndromes
#11
REVIEW
G J Kahaly, L Frommer
BACKGROUND: In recent years, scientific knowledge pertaining to the rare ORPHAN polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (registered code ORPHA 282196) has accumulated. OBJECTIVE: To offer current demographic, clinical, serological and immunogenic data on PAS. METHODS: Review of the pertinent and current literature. RESULTS: Polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PAS) are multifactorial diseases with at least two coexisting autoimmune-mediated endocrinopathies...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811694/estimation-of-upper-limit-of-normal-for-serum-alanine-transaminase-in-healthy-south-indian-population
#12
Pazhanivel Mohan, Varun Sundar, Emmanuel Bhaskar, Syluvai Anthony
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is the most common and cost effective screening test for asymptomatic liver disease. There is paucity of data on normal ALT among healthy individuals in India. An observational cross sectional study was conducted from January to July 2013 to estimate the upper limit of normal for ALT in healthy south Indian population. Adults undergoing voluntary or pre-employment health screening were included. Those with current and past alcoholism or smoking, acute illness or hospitalization during preceding 12 months, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or over the counter medication use within a month, current or past intake of herbal medications, any chronic medical illness, abnormal body mass index (BMI), fatty liver in ultrasound, abnormality in haemoglobin, platelet count, blood sugar, creatinine, lipid profile and thyroid function test and positive serology (Hepatitis B, C or HIV) were excluded...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810813/newborn-thyroid-screening-influence-of-pre-analytic-variables-on-dried-blood-spot-thyrotropin-measurement
#13
Allison M Butler, Wiyada Charoensiriwatana, Piamnukul Krasao, Rotjanapan Pankanjanato, Penpan Thong-Ngao, Randall C Polson, Gregory Snow, Joel Ehrenkranz
BACKGROUND: Measuring thyrotropin (TSH) eluted from a dried blood spot (DBS) is used to screen an estimated 30 million newborns annually for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Newborn thyroid screening has eliminated cretinism from the industrialized world and decreased the adverse effects of unrecognized CH on neurocognitive development. Hematocrit, a pre-analytic variable that affects the measurement of TSH from a DBS, contributes to the imprecision of DBS TSH measurement and could account for false-negative and false-positive DBS newborn screening test results...
September 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809727/models-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-potential-translational-value-the-effects-of-3-5-l-diiodothyronine
#14
Elena Grasselli, Laura Canesi, Piero Portincasa, Adriana Voci, Laura Vergani, Ilaria Demori
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder in industrialized countries and is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular, hepatic and metabolic diseases. Molecular mechanisms on the root of the disrupted lipid homeostasis in NAFLD and potential therapeutic strategies can benefit of in vivo and in vitro experimental models of fatty liver. Here, we describe the high fat diet (HFD)-fed rat in vivo model, and two in vitro models, the primary cultured rat fatty hepatocytes or the FaO rat hepatoma fatty cells, mimicking human NAFLD...
September 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795307/sex-symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatology
#15
REVIEW
Marco Krasselt, Christoph Baerwald
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a striking female predominance ranging from 3:1 in RA up to 9:1 in SLE. The background for those gender bias is not fully understood yet, but seems to be the result of a complex interaction between sex hormones, (epi-)genetics, and possibly even the composition of gut microbiota. Moreover, time of disease onset, the clinical phenotype including co-morbidities as well as the course of the diseases during life differ between genders...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768936/comparison-of-thyroglobulin-and-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-measured-by-five-different-kits-in-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases
#16
Eijun Nishihara, Nobuyuki Amino, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuru Ito, Shuji Fukata, Mitsushige Nishikawa, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Akira Miyauchi
It is generally believed that the detection of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) is superior to that of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) for the diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. However, limited data are available on the comparison of TgAb and TPOAb prevalence as a diagnostic measurement for Hashimoto's thyroiditis using sensitive immunoassays. We herein used five different current immunoassay kits (A-E) to compare the prevalence of TgAb and TPOAb in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (n = 70), Graves' disease (n = 70), painless thyroiditis (n = 50), and healthy control subjects (n = 100)...
August 2, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746798/thyroid-disease-symptoms-during-early-pregnancy-do-not-identify-women-with-thyroid-hypofunction-that-should-be-treated
#17
V J Pop, M A Broeren, W M Wiersinga, A Stagnaro-Green
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether women during early pregnancy with "hypothyroidism" symptoms are at risk of biochemically defined hypothyroidism. The 2017 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) recommend case-finding on the basis of symptoms to identify these women during pregnancy, while evidence is lacking. DESIGN: Construct validation of a thyroid hypofunction symptom checklist during the first trimester of pregnancy comparing high scores with biochemically defined hypothyroidism...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733959/increasing-precision-of-clinical-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-using-a-combined-algorithm-incorporating-clinical-and-novel-biomarker-data
#18
REVIEW
Marwan N Sabbagh, Lih-Fen Lue, Daniel Fayard, Jiong Shi
Establishing the in vivo diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) or other dementias relies on clinical criteria; however, the accuracy of these criteria can be limited. The diagnostic accuracy is 77% for a clinical diagnosis of AD, even among experts. We performed a review through PubMed of articles related to specific diagnostic modalities, including APOE genotyping, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing, fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography (PET), amyloid PET, tau PET, computed tomography (CT), single-photon emission CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and B12 and thyroid-stimulating hormone screening, to determine the specificity and sensitivity of each test used in the clinical diagnosis of AD...
July 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729773/is-new-american-thyroid-association-risk-classification-for-hereditary-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-applicable-to-chinese-patients-a-single-center-study
#19
Xiwei Zhang, Dangui Yan, Junyi Wang, Hanfeng Wan, Yongxia Zhang, Yabing Zhang, Yuqin He, Wensheng Liu, Bin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) proposed a new risk classification for hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in 2015. This study aimed to assess whether the new guidelines are suitable for the Chinese population, and reported our experience on prophylactic thyroidectomy. METHODS: A total of 73 patients from 22 families were screened as rearranged during transfection (RET) mutation carriers from 2010 to 2016 in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science; the medical history for each patient was collected...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726182/autoimmune-hypothyroidism-is-three-times-more-frequent-in-female-prolactinoma-patients-compared-to-healthy-women-data-from-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#20
Atanaska Elenkova, Iliana Аtanasova, Georgi Кirilov, Еmil Natchev, Ralitza Ivanova, Roussanka Кovatcheva, Silvia Vandeva, Dimitar Tcharaktchiev, Sabina Zacharieva
BACKGROUND: The potent immunomodulatory action of prolactin has been demonstrated in many experimental in vitro studies. In accordance with these data, our retrospective analyses revealed higher prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases in prolactinoma patients compared to general population. PURPOSE: A cross-sectional case-control study was carried out in a single tertiary referral centre. The main aim was to assess the frequency of newly diagnosed autoimmune thyroid diseases in female patients with prolactinomas...
July 19, 2017: Endocrine
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