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Exercise cancer

Laura Q Rogers, Kerry S Courneya, Phillip M Anton, Patricia Hopkins-Price, Steven Verhulst, Randall S Robbs, Sandra K Vicari, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors do not meet physical activity recommendations. Understanding mediators of physical activity behavior change can improve interventions designed to increase physical activity in this at-risk population. PURPOSE: Study aims were to determine the 3-month Better Exercise Adherence after Treatment for Cancer (BEAT Cancer) behavior change intervention effects on social cognitive theory constructs and the mediating role of any changes on the increase in accelerometer-measured physical activity previously reported...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Jorida Fernandes, Sanjiv Kumar
Because of the rising prevalence of cancer, many individuals are living with the side effects of cancer and its treatment. One of the possible side effects is chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of lower limb closed kinematic chain exercises on balance in patients with CIPN. The study design was a single group pre-post experimental one. The study was conducted at a tertiary care cancer hospital. A total of 25 individuals with CIPN and aged 30 years and older were recruited using the Modified Total Neuropathy Score higher than 5...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Liang Wang, Kesheng Wang, Xuefeng Liu, Yi He
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The perception of genetic knowledge is useful for improving the heath behaviour change against developing cancers. However, no studies have investigated the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to examine demographic and lifestyle factors of the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. METHODS: Data on 2,295 US adults (739 had the perception of genetic knowledge) were taken from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Robert Buresh, Kris Berg
Oxidative stress has been shown to play a role in the etiology of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. Free radicals and, most prominently, the superoxide radical, result from oxidative metabolism and several enzyme-catalyzed reactions, and endogenous cellular antioxidants dismutate many reactive oxygen species (ROS). Under certain conditions, ROS production can outpace dismutation (e.g., long-term sedentariness and positive energy balance) and the result is oxidative stress, with proteins, lipids, and DNA the most common targets of radicals...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Markus K Schuler, Leopold Hentschel, Wadim Kisel, Michael Kramer, Felicitas Lenz, Beate Hornemann, Julia Hoffmann, Stephan Richter, Gerhard Ehninger, Martin Bornhäuser, Frank Kroschinsky
CONTEXT: Physical exercise can alleviate cancer related fatigue. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) in patients with advanced cancer are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We test the impact of a structured, individual sports program on fatigue in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: 77 patients were invited to participate in this RCT exploring the effects of physical exercises on fatigue 12 and 24 weeks after baseline. Patients were randomized into three groups...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Dong-Woo Kang, Junga Lee, Sang-Hoon Suh, Jennifer A Ligibel, Kerry S Courneya, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: Insulin, insulin-like growth factor-axis, adiponectin, and inflammatory markers are associated with breast cancer. Given that physical activity improve prognosis of breast cancer survivors, we investigated the effects of exercise on these markers as potential mediators between physical activity and breast cancer. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and SportDiscus were searched up to December 3, 2015 to identify RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise on insulin, insulin-like growth factor axis, and cytokines in breast cancer survivors...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Michele Salati, Alessandro Brunelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Surgery is considered the best treatment option for patients with early stage lung cancer. Nevertheless, lung resection may cause a variable functional impairment that could influence the whole cardio-respiratory system with potential life-threatening complications. The aim of the present study is to review the most relevant evidences about the evaluation of surgical risk before lung resection, in order to define a practical approach for the preoperative functional assessment in lung cancer patients...
2016: Current Surgery Reports
K I Braam, E M van Dijk-Lokkart, J M van Dongen, R R L van Litsenburg, T Takken, J Huisman, J H M Merks, J E Bosmans, N A G Hakkenbrak, M B Bierings, M M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, M A Veening, E van Dulmen-den Broeder, G J L Kaspers
This study was performed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a combined physical exercise and psychosocial intervention for children with cancer compared with usual care. Sixty-eight children, aged 8-18 years old, during or within the first year post-cancer treatment were randomised to the intervention (n = 30) and control group (n = 38). Health outcomes included fitness, muscle strength and quality adjusted life years; all administered at baseline, 4- and 12-month follow-up. Costs were gathered by 1 monthly cost questionnaires over 12 months, supplemented by medication data obtained from pharmacies...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Helle Hansen, Berit Kjærside Nielsen, Annette Boejen, Anne Vestergaard
The aim of this study was to investigate if teaching patients about positioning before radiotherapy treatment would (a) reduce the residual rotational set-up errors, (b) reduce the number of repositionings and (c) improve patients' sense of control by increasing self-efficacy and reducing distress. Patients were randomized to either standard care (control group) or standard care and a teaching session combining visual aids and practical exercises (intervention group). Daily images from the treatment sessions were evaluated off-line...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Hideoki Fukuoka, Fumihiro Sata
Epigenetic modification takes place in many types of environment. Undesirable epigenetic changes for the postnatal life at the developmental stage are induced in utero by exposure to harsh environment such as endocrine disruptors, severe psychological stress and insufficient or excessive nutrition. Some of these changes continues even for a long time after birth from womb to tomb. Under these circumstances with an unhealthy life style, such as higher caloric intake, insufficient exercise, or stress, there is a higher risk of developing various illnesses including lifestyle-related diseases, such as essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, psychological disorders and cancers...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Isabelle Merckaert, Florence Lewis, France Delevallez, Sophie Herman, Marie Caillier, Nicole Delvaux, Yves Libert, Aurore Liénard, Jean-Marie Nogaret, David Ogez, Pierre Scalliet, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Paul Van Houtte, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To compare in a multicenter randomized controlled trial the benefits in terms of anxiety regulation of a 15-session single-component group intervention (SGI) based on support with those of a 15-session multi-component structured manualized group intervention (MGI) combining support with cognitive-behavioral and hypnosis components. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned at the beginning of the survivorship period to the SGI (n = 83) or MGI (n = 87)...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Eik Bjerre, Ditte Marie Bruun, Anders Tolver, Klaus Brasso, Peter Krustrup, Christoffer Johansen, Robin Christensen, Mikael Rørth, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in men. Today most patients may expect to live years following the diagnosis and may thus experience significant morbidity due to disease progression and treatment toxicity. In order to address some of these problems exercise has been suggested and previously studies have shown improvements of disease specific quality of life and a reduction in treatment-related toxicity. Cohort studies with long term follow up have suggested that physical activity is associated with improved survival in prostate cancer patients...
October 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
Lei Liu, Diming Zhang, Qian Zhang, Xing Chen, Gang Xu, Yanli Lu, Qingjun Liu
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) detection is in high demand for clinic treatment, environment monitoring, and food quality control. Especially, VOCs from human exhaled breath can serve as significant biomarkers of some diseases, such as lung cancer and diabetes. In this study, a smartphone-based sensing system was developed for real-time VOCs monitoring using alternative current (AC) impedance measurement. The interdigital electrodes modified with zinc oxide (ZnO), graphene, and nitrocellulose were used as sensors to produce impedance responses to VOCs...
September 25, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
J Wiskemann, M E Schmidt, O Klassen, J Debus, C M Ulrich, K Potthoff, K Steindorf
Exercise is considered to be an effective supportive treatment approach in breast cancer (BC) patients. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a 12-week PRT during radiotherapy. Strength performance was assessed by maximal isokinetic peak torque (MIPT) in two different angular velocities (60°/s and 180°/s) and maximal voluntary isometric contraction for shoulder external and internal rotation, as well as for knee extension and flexion were assessed pre- and post-intervention in 146 patients randomized to PRT or a control group...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Alphons J M Vermorken, Emmanuel Andrès, Yali Cui
The significance of diet for disease prevention has long been recognised. Dietary recommendations have therefore been integrated in health promotion messages. Gastrointestinal functioning is essential for the digestion of nutrients. Oxidative stress has been observed in patients with constipation, as well as in those with colorectal cancer, cardiovascular disease and other chronic illnesses associated with constipation. The coexistence of colorectal neoplasia and coronary artery disease has been incriminated for exposure to common risk factors associated with increased oxidative stress...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Bradley Wall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Karl B Christensen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul F Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen, Henning Langberg
INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with significant morbidity, functional limitations, and decreased quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to present health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time before and 1 year after surgery in patients with NSCLC participating in a rehabilitation program. METHODS: Forty patients with NSCLC in disease stage I to IIIa, referred for surgical resection at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery RT, Rigshospitalet, were included in the study...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Ada S Cheung, Casey de Rooy, Rudolf Hoermann, Daryl Lim Joon, Jeffrey D Zajac, Mathis Grossmann
OBJECTIVE: While androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been associated with decreased quality of life (QoL), controlled prospective studies are lacking. We aimed to assess QoL during ADT using two validated questionnaires and determine contributing factors. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. PATIENTS: 63 men with non-metastatic prostate cancer newly commencing ADT (n=34) and age- and radiotherapy-matched prostate cancer controls (n=29)...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
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