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Exercise cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926676/randomized-controlled-trial-of-increasing-physical-activity-on-objectively-measured-and-self-reported-cognitive-functioning-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-memory-motion-study
#1
Sheri J Hartman, Sandahl H Nelson, Emily Myers, Loki Natarajan, Dorothy D Sears, Barton W Palmer, Lauren S Weiner, Barbara A Parker, Ruth E Patterson
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity can improve cognition in healthy and cognitively impaired adults; however, the benefits for cancer survivors are unknown. The current study examined a 12-week physical activity intervention, compared with a control condition, on objective and self-reported cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to an exercise arm (n = 43) or a control arm (n = 44). At baseline and at 12 weeks, objective cognition was measured with the National Institutes of Health Cognitive Toolbox, and self-reported cognition using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System scales...
September 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922074/breast-cancer-survivors-perceptions-of-participating-in-a-supervised-exercise-intervention-an-exploratory-review-of-the-literature
#2
Leanne Livsey, Kiara Lewis
BACKGROUND: Despite the reported beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) during and after cancer diagnosis, current research data suggest that the percentages of breast cancer survivors who adhere to PA recommendations are low. The aim of the present systematic, critical review was to identify, analyze and provide a summary of qualitative literature findings, which have explored breast cancer survivors' experiences of participating in an exercise/PA intervention after cancer treatment...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921583/associations-of-alcohol-intake-smoking-physical-activity-and-obesity-with-survival-following-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-by-stage-anatomic-site-and-tumor-molecular-subtype
#3
Harindra Jayasekara, Dallas R English, Andrew Haydon, Allison M Hodge, Brigid M Lynch, Christophe Rosty, Elizabeth J Williamson, Mark Clendenning, Melissa C Southey, Mark A Jenkins, Robin Room, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Daniel D Buchanan, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
The influence of lifestyle factors on survival following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well established. We examined associations between lifestyle factors measured before diagnosis and CRC survival. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study collected data on alcohol intake, cigarette smoking and physical activity, and body measurements at baseline (1990-94) and wave 2 (2003-07). We included participants diagnosed to 31 August 2015 with incident stage I-III CRC within 10-years post exposure assessment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919815/an-acceptance-based-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-experiencing-acute-pain-a-single-subject-study
#4
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, JoAnne Dahl, Louise von Essen, Gustaf Ljungman
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917366/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-self-care-strategies-for-nausea-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-or-pelvic-irradiation-for-cancer-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-implementation-in-routine-care
#5
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Sussanne Börjeson
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) self-care strategies for nausea during radiotherapy. METHODS: Two hundred patients daily registered nausea and practice of CAM self-care strategies, beside conventional antiemetic medications, for nausea during abdominal/pelvic irradiation (median five weeks) for gynecological (69%) colorectal (27%) or other tumors (4%). RESULTS: During radiotherapy, 131 (66%) experienced nausea, and 50 (25%) practiced self-care for nausea at least once, for a mean (m) of 15...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#6
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914527/locally-induced-adipose-tissue-browning-by-microneedle-patch-for-obesity-treatment
#7
Yuqi Zhang, Qiongming Liu, Jicheng Yu, Shuangjiang Yu, Jinqiang Wang, Li Qiang, Zhen Gu
Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century that may lead to many comorbidities such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Current treatments toward obesity including diet, physical exercise, pharmacological therapy, as well as surgeries are always associated with low effectiveness or undesired systematical side effects. In order to enhance treatment efficiency with minimized side effects, we developed a transcutaneous browning agent patch to locally induce adipose tissue transformation...
September 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911059/forcing-the-vicious-circle-sarcopenia-increases-toxicity-decreases-response-to-chemotherapy-and-worsens-with-chemotherapy
#8
F Bozzetti
Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition that, independently from malnutrition, may adversely affect the prognosis of cancer patients. Purpose of this narrative review is to define the prevalence of sarcopenia in different primaries, its role in leading to chemotherapy toxicity and decreased compliance with the oncological therapy and the effect of some drugs on the onset of sarcopenia. Finally, the review aims to describe the current approaches to restore the muscle mass through nutrition, exercise and anti-inflammatory agents or multimodal programmes with a special emphasis on the results of randomized controlled trials...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901963/underlying-chronic-disease-medication-use-history-of-running-injuries-and-being-a-more-experienced-runner-are-independent-factors-associated-with-exercise-associated-muscle-cramping-a-cross-sectional-study-in-15778-distance-runners
#9
Martin P Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman, Dina C Janse Van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is a significant medical complication in distance runners, yet factors associated with EAMC are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE: To document risk factors associated with EAMC in runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two ocean races (21.1 km, and 56 km). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen thousand seven hundred seventy-eight race entrants. METHODS: Participants completed a prerace medical history screening tool including: training, cardiovascular disease (CVD), risk factors for, and symptoms of CVD, history of diseases affecting major organ systems, cancer, allergies, medication use, and running injury...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900822/an-international-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prehabilitation-compared-to-usual-care-for-cancer-patients
#10
REVIEW
C Treanor, T Kyaw, M Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to systematically review and synthesise randomised controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of prehabilitation compared to usual care for newly diagnosed, adult-onset cancer patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SSCI were searched up to April 2017. Studies were included if disease-related, treatment-related, patient-reported and health service utilisation outcomes were assessed. Two reviewers independently reviewed and appraised the risk of bias of each study...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895922/the-effect-of-nutrition-therapy-and-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Brenton J Baguley, Kate A Bolam, Olivia R L Wright, Tina L Skinner
BACKGROUND: Improvements in diet and/or exercise are often advocated during prostate cancer treatment, yet the efficacy of, and optimal nutrition and exercise prescription for managing cancer-related fatigue and quality of life remains elusive. The aim of this study is to systematically review the effects of nutrition and/or exercise on cancer-related fatigue and/or quality of life. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in six electronic databases. The Delphi quality assessment list was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the literature...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894848/risk-reduction-strategies-in-breast-cancer-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Mauricio Costa, Paula Saldanha
Evaluating the risk of breast cancer makes it possible to identify women with a high risk of developing breast cancer in the future. Adopting a healthier lifestyle, involving diet and exercise, is one way of reducing this risk-but there are other, non-modifiable risk factors, such as family history, genetics and diagnosis of premalignant lesions. In this high-risk population, the tracking must be rigorous and involve the participation of the patient herself, earlier and more frequent clinical assessment, and the use of imaging screening...
July 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894724/suppression-of-expression-levels-of-constitutive-androstane-receptor-by-moderate-exercise-in-balb-c-nude-mice-with-breast-cancer
#13
Bang-Sub Lee, Wi-Young So, Wooyoung Chung, Eun-Ju Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894513/diagnostic-methods-risk-factors-prevention-and-management-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-past-present-and-future-directions
#14
Hoda E Sayegh, Maria S Asdourian, Meyha N Swaroop, Cheryl L Brunelle, Melissa N Skolny, Laura Salama, Alphonse G Taghian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a chronic, adverse, and much feared complication of breast cancer treatment, which affects approximately 20% of patients following breast cancer treatment. BCRL has a tremendous impact on breast cancer survivors, including physical impairments and significant psychological consequences. The intent of this review is to discuss recent studies and analyses regarding the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention through early screening and intervention, and management of BCRL...
June 2017: Current Breast Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891202/mechanical-signals-protect-stem-cell-lineage-selection-preserving-the-bone-and-muscle-phenotypes-in-obesity
#15
REVIEW
Danielle M Frechette, Divya Krishnamoorthy, Tee Pamon, M Ete Chan, Vihitaben Patel, Clinton T Rubin
The incidence of obesity is rapidly rising, increasing morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Associated comorbidities include type 2 diabetes, heart disease, fatty liver disease, and cancer. The impact of excess fat on musculoskeletal health is still unclear, although it is associated with increased fracture risk and a decline in muscular function. The complexity of obesity makes understanding the etiology of bone and muscle abnormalities difficult. Exercise is an effective and commonly prescribed nonpharmacological treatment option, but it can be difficult or unsafe for the frail, elderly, and morbidly obese...
September 11, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887324/exercise-induced-catecholamines-activate-the-hippo-tumor-suppressor-pathway-to-reduce-risks-of-breast-cancer-development
#16
Christine Dethlefsen, Louise S Hansen, Christian Lillelund, Christina Andersen, Julie Gehl, Jesper F Christensen, Bente K Pedersen, Pernille Hojman
Strong epidemiologic evidence documents the protective effect of physical activity on breast cancer risk, recurrence, and mortality, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be identified. Using human exercise-conditioned serum for breast cancer cell incubation studies and murine exercise interventions, we aimed to identify exercise factors and signaling pathways involved in the exercise-dependent suppression of breast cancer. Exercise-conditioned serum from both women with breast cancer (n = 20) and healthy women (n = 7) decreased MCF-7 (hormone-sensitive) and MDA-MB-231 (hormone-insensitive) breast cancer cell viability in vitro by 11% to 19% and reduced tumorigenesis by 50% when preincubated MCF-7 breast cancer cells were inoculated into NMRI-Foxn1(nu) mice...
September 8, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884000/catabolic-and-anabolic-faces-of-insulin-resistance-and-their-disorders-a-new-insight-into-circadian-control-of-metabolic-disorders-leading-to-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Polina M Schwartsburd
Maintenance of glucose homeostasis during circadian behavioral cycles is critical. The processes controlling the switch between predominant lipolysis/fatty oxidation during fasting and predominant lipid storage/glucose oxidation following feeding are determined principally by insulin. Chronic elevated threshold of insulin resistance (IR) is a key pathological feature of obesity, Type 2 diabetes, sepsis and cancer cachexia; however, a temporal reduced threshold of IR is widely met in fasting/hibernation, pregnancy, antibacterial immunity, exercise and stress...
August 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881769/middle-distance-running-acutely-influences-the-concentration-and-composition-of-serum-bile-acids-potential-implications-for-cancer-risk
#18
Elisa Danese, Gian Luca Salvagno, Cantor Tarperi, Davide Negrini, Martina Montagnana, Luca Festa, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Federico Schena, Giuseppe Lippi
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to investigate the acute effect of medium-distance running on bile acids concentration and composition, in order to verify whether the positive impact of physical exercise on cancer risk may also be mediated by variation of bile acids concentration and composition in serum. METHODS: The concentration and composition of serum bile acids was analyzed in 30 middle-aged and healthy recreational athletes with a reference liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry technique, immediately before and shortly after the end of the running trial...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881471/strategic-recruitment-of-an-ethnically-diverse-cohort-of-overweight-survivors-of-breast-cancer-with-lymphedema
#19
Kathleen M Sturgeon, Renata Hackley, Anna Fornash, Lorraine T Dean, Monica Laudermilk, Justin C Brown, David B Sarwer, Angela M DeMichele, Andrea B Troxel, Kathryn H Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Black women are more likely to experience adverse effects from cancer treatment such as lymphedema. Thus, black women may particularly benefit from research regarding interventions to improve lymphedema. Herein, the authors report the challenges and strategies related to the recruitment of minority survivors of breast cancer and to the recruitment of survivors of breast cancer with lymphedema into the Women In Steady Exercise Research (WISER) Survivor Clinical Trial. METHODS: Subjects for this community-based trial were recruited from the Philadelphia area through active (mailings) and passive (printed materials and Web site) recruitment strategies...
September 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875298/2d-longitudinal-lv-speckle-tracking-strain-pattern-in-breast-cancer-survivors-sports-activity-vs-exercise-as-prescription-model
#20
Giorgio Galanti, Gianni Pedrizzetti, Stefano Pedri, Laura Stefani
Prevention strategies are important to optimize and to manage heart care in breast cancer survivors. Regular physical activity at moderate intensity is normally proposed to maintain myocardial performance; however, no data is available about the different impact of different levels of physical exercise. 2D speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) is an accepted method for early detection of myocardial dysfunction. The study aims to monitor the cardiac performances in breast cancer survivors by 2DSTE analysis to manage sports activity vs physical activity...
September 5, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
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