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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655206/deficient-emotion-processing-is-associated-with-everyday-functioning-capacity-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder
#1
Jonathan M Grabyan, Erin E Morgan, Marizela V Cameron, Javier Villalobos, Igor Grant, Steven Paul Woods
Objective: Emotion processing has received little research focus in HIV, but emerging evidence suggests that abilities such as facial affect discrimination may be features of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). The present study hypothesized that individuals with HAND would evidence an emotion processing deficit relative to cognitively unimpaired individuals with HIV and seronegative comparison participants on a task assessing these abilities. Moreover, it was expected that this deficit would be significantly associated with social aspects of everyday functioning...
June 26, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655166/communication-in-multiple-sclerosis-pragmatic-deficit-and-its-relation-with-cognition-and-social-cognition
#2
Antonio Carotenuto, Giorgio Arcara, Giuseppe Orefice, Ilaria Cerillo, Valentina Giannino, Mario Rasulo, Rosa Iodice, Valentina Bambini
Objective: Cognitive functions have been largely investigated in multiple sclerosis. Less attention has been paid to social communication abilities, despite their presumptive affect on quality of life. We run the first comprehensive assessment of pragmatic skills in multiple sclerosis, evaluating also the relationship between pragmatics and other cognitive domains. Methods: Forty-two multiple sclerosis patients and 42 controls were tested for pragmatic abilities, neuro-cognition, social cognition, depression, and fatigue...
June 26, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654939/speech-versus-speaking-the-experiences-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-implications-for-intervention
#3
Kathryn Yorkston, Carolyn Baylor, Deanna Britton
Purpose: In this project, we explore the experiences of people who report speech changes associated with Parkinson's disease as they describe taking part in everyday communication situations and report impressions related to speech treatment. Method: Twenty-four community-dwelling adults with Parkinson's disease took part in face-to-face, semistructured interviews. Qualitative research methods were used to code and develop themes related to the interviews. Results: Two major themes emerged...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654771/trajectories-of-social-anxiety-cognitive-reappraisal-and-mindfulness-during-an-rct-of-cbgt-versus-mbsr-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#4
Philippe R Goldin, Amanda S Morrison, Hooria Jazaieri, Richard G Heimberg, James J Gross
Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) are efficacious in treating social anxiety disorder (SAD). It is not yet clear, however, whether they share similar trajectories of change and underlying mechanisms in the context of SAD. This randomized controlled study of 108 unmedicated adults with generalized SAD investigated the impact of CBGT vs. MBSR on trajectories of social anxiety, cognitive reappraisal, and mindfulness during 12 weeks of treatment. CBGT and MBSR produced similar trajectories showing decreases in social anxiety and increases in reappraisal (changing the way of thinking) and mindfulness (mindful attitude)...
June 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653799/longitudinal-cognitive-trajectories-and-associated-clinical-variables-in-youth-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Álvaro Frías, Daniel P Dickstein, John Merranko, Mary Kay Gill, Tina R Goldstein, Benjamin I Goldstein, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Danella M Hafeman, Fangzi Liao, Rasim Diler, David Axelson, Michael Strober, Jeffrey I Hunt, Neal D Ryan, Martin B Keller, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: There is substantial interest in delineating the course of cognitive functioning in bipolar (BP) youth. However, there are no longitudinal studies aimed at defining subgroups of BP youth based on their distinctive cognitive trajectories and their associated clinical variables. METHOD: Cognitive functioning was measured in 135 participants from the Course and Outcome of BP Youth (COBY) study using several subtests of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
June 27, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653797/neural-correlates-of-formal-thought-disorder-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#6
Tobias Wensing, Edna C Cieslik, Veronika I Müller, Felix Hoffstaedter, Simon B Eickhoff, Thomas Nickl-Jockschat
Formal thought disorder (FTD) refers to a psychopathological dimension characterized by disorganized and incoherent speech. Whether symptoms of FTD arise from aberrant processing in language-related regions or more general cognitive networks, however, remains debated. Here, we addressed this question by a quantitative meta-analysis of published functional neuroimaging studies on FTD. The revised Activation Likelihood Estimation (ALE) algorithm was used to test for convergent aberrant activation changes in 18 studies (30 experiments) investigating FTD, of which 17 studies comprised schizophrenia patients and one study healthy subjects administered to S-ketamine...
June 27, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653132/food-insecurity-and-aging-outcomes-in-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#7
Nancy A Hessol, Roland Zepf, Elizabeth Zobell, Sheri D Weiser, Malcolm D John
Little is known about food insecurity and its association with geriatric outcomes in older people living with HIV (PLWH). This was a cross-sectional study of 230 HIV-infected patients aged 50 and older recruited in December 2012 through June 2016. Poisson logistic regression models estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between food insecurity and the following geriatric outcomes: frailty, physical health and function, social support, mental health and cognition, and behavioral health...
June 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652833/a-narrative-literature-review-of-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#8
REVIEW
Shannon B Juengst, Raj G Kumar, Amy K Wagner
Depression is one of the most common conditions to emerge after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and despite its potentially serious consequences it remains undertreated. Treatment for post-traumatic depression (PTD) is complicated due to the multifactorial etiology of PTD, ranging from biological pathways to psychosocial adjustment. Identifying the unique, personalized factors contributing to the development of PTD could improve long-term treatment and management for individuals with TBI. The purpose of this narrative literature review was to summarize the prevalence and impact of PTD among those with moderate to severe TBI and to discuss current challenges in its management...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651207/metacognitive-therapy-versus-disorder-specific-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Bruce E Wampold
Few studies have compared the effects of Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for comorbid anxiety disorders. In the current study we compared CBT and MCT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders in a residential setting. Ninety patients with a primary diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia or Panic disorder, with and without Agoraphobia, were randomized to either CBT or MCT. Patients were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and one-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were Beck Anxiety Inventory and ADIS IV and secondary outcome measures were SCID II, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650737/premenstrual-symptom-patterns-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Felicia A Quintana-Zinn, Brian W Whitcomb, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carol Bigelow, Serena C Houghton, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of reproductive age women experience physical or emotional symptoms before onset of menses. Of these women, ∼20% experience symptoms severe enough to interfere with social functioning and life activities, and meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). More than 100 different symptoms are associated with PMS. Symptom groupings tend to be stable within an individual, but vary distinctly between women. Potential differences in the etiology of symptoms suggest that PMS may have subtypes that represent distinct entities...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650193/evaluation-of-an-open-access-cbt-based-internet-program-for-social-anxiety-patterns-of-use-retention-and-outcomes
#12
M Taylor Dryman, Lisa M McTeague, Thomas M Olino, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been established as both efficacious and effective in reducing symptoms of social anxiety. However, most research has been conducted in controlled settings, and little is known regarding the utility of such programs in an open-access format. The present study examined the use, adherence, and effectiveness of Joyable, an open-access, Internet-delivered, coach-supported CBT-based intervention for social anxiety. METHOD: Participants were 3,384 registered users (Mage [SD] = 29...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#13
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649849/toward-establishing-a-standard-symptom-set-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-evidence-from-teacher-ratings-in-a-community-sample
#15
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Aidan P Schmitt, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649313/the-eu-aims-longitudinal-european-autism-project-leap-clinical-characterisation
#16
Tony Charman, Eva Loth, Julian Tillmann, Daisy Crawley, Caroline Wooldridge, David Goyard, Jumana Ahmad, Bonnie Auyeung, Sara Ambrosino, Tobias Banaschewski, Simon Baron-Cohen, Sarah Baumeister, Christian Beckmann, Sven Bölte, Thomas Bourgeron, Carsten Bours, Michael Brammer, Daniel Brandeis, Claudia Brogna, Yvette de Bruijn, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Ineke Cornelissen, Flavio Dell' Acqua, Guillaume Dumas, Sarah Durston, Christine Ecker, Jessica Faulkner, Vincent Frouin, Pilar Garcés, Lindsay Ham, Hannah Hayward, Joerg Hipp, Rosemary J Holt, Johan Isaksson, Mark H Johnson, Emily J H Jones, Prantik Kundu, Meng-Chuan Lai, Xavier Liogier D'ardhuy, Michael V Lombardo, David J Lythgoe, René Mandl, Luke Mason, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Carolin Moessnang, Nico Mueller, Laurence O'Dwyer, Marianne Oldehinkel, Bob Oranje, Gahan Pandina, Antonio M Persico, Barbara Ruggeri, Amber N V Ruigrok, Jessica Sabet, Roberto Sacco, Antonia San Jóse Cáceres, Emily Simonoff, Roberto Toro, Heike Tost, Jack Waldman, Steve C R Williams, Marcel P Zwiers, Will Spooren, Declan G M Murphy, Jan K Buitelaar
BACKGROUND: The EU-AIMS Longitudinal European Autism Project (LEAP) is to date the largest multi-centre, multi-disciplinary observational study on biomarkers for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current paper describes the clinical characteristics of the LEAP cohort and examines age, sex and IQ differences in ASD core symptoms and common co-occurring psychiatric symptoms. A companion paper describes the overall design and experimental protocol and outlines the strategy to identify stratification biomarkers...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649286/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-epileptic-encephalopathy-common-causes-many-questions
#17
REVIEW
Siddharth Srivastava, Mustafa Sahin
Epileptic encephalopathies represent a particularly severe form of epilepsy, associated with cognitive and behavioral deficits, including impaired social-communication and restricted, repetitive behaviors that are the hallmarks of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). With the advent of next-generation sequencing, the genetic landscape of epileptic encephalopathies is growing and demonstrates overlap with genes separately implicated in ASD. However, many questions remain about this connection, including whether epileptiform activity itself contributes to the development of ASD symptomatology...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649219/taking-the-perfect-selfie-investigating-the-impact-of-perspective-on-the-perception-of-higher-cognitive-variables
#18
Tobias M Schneider, Claus-Christian Carbon
Taking selfies is now becoming a standard human habit. However, as a social phenomenon, research is still in the fledgling stage and the scientific framework is sparse. Selfies allow us to share social information with others in a compact format. Furthermore, we are able to control important photographic and compositional aspects, such as perspective, which have a strong impact on the assessment of a face (e.g., demonstrated by the height-weight illusion, effects of gaze direction, faceism-index). In Study 1, we focused on the impact of perspective (left/right hemiface, above/below vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649168/the-scandinavian-fantasy-the-sources-of-intergenerational-mobility-in-denmark-and-the-us
#19
Rasmus Landersø, James J Heckman
This paper examines the sources of differences in social mobility between the U.S. and Denmark. Measured by income mobility, Denmark is a more mobile society, but not when measured by educational mobility. There are pronounced nonlinearities in income and educational mobility in both countries. Greater Danish income mobility is largely a consequence of redistributional tax, transfer, and wage compression policies. While Danish social policies for children produce more favorable cognitive test scores for disadvantaged children, these do not translate into more favorable educational outcomes, partly because of disincentives to acquire education arising from the redistributional policies that increase income mobility...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648957/teaching-psychology-to-nursing-students-a-discussion-of-the-potential-contribution-of-psychology-towards-building-resilience-to-lapses-in-compassionate-caring
#20
Jan M A de Vries, Fiona Timmins
Psychology is a required element in nursing education in many countries. It is particularly aimed at teaching nursing students to get a better understanding of patients, colleagues, health care organizations and themselves, and moreover to apply what they learn about psychology to optimise their care. A meaningful integration of psychology within nursing education requires an emphasis on its application in understanding aspects of care and skills development. However, its ultimate value is demonstrated when addressing problem areas in nursing and health care...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
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