keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

social cognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452362/reported-theory-use-in-walking-interventions-a-literature-review-and-research-agenda
#1
Mohammad Abdul Kadir, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
There is mixed evidence with some suggesting walking can be increased up to the recommended level through interventions based on behaviour change models and others showing partial or no effects [Arbour and Ginis (A randomised controlled trial of the effects of implementation intentions on women's walking behaviour. Psychol Health, 2009;24:49-65); Merom et al. (Can a motivational intervention overcome an unsupportive environment for walking-findings from the Step-by-Step Study. Ann Behav Med 2009;38:137-46); Ornes and Ransdell (A pilot study examining exercise self-efficacy as a mediator for walking behavior in college-age women...
February 14, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452000/optimal-items-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-across-mother-father-and-teacher-ratings
#2
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451967/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-related-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Joseph K Carpenter, Leigh A Andrews, Sara M Witcraft, Mark B Powers, Jasper A J Smits, Stefan G Hofmann
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety-related disorders based on randomized placebo-controlled trials. We included 41 studies that randomly assigned patients (N = 2,843) with acute stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or social anxiety disorder (SAD) to CBT or a psychological or pill placebo condition. Findings demonstrated moderate placebo-controlled effects of CBT on target disorder symptoms (Hedges' g = 0...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451886/which-preferences-associate-with-school-performance-lessons-from-an-exploratory-study-with-university-students
#4
Daniel Horn, Hubert Janos Kiss
Success in life is determined to a large extent by school performance so it is important to understand the effect of the factors that influence it. In this exploratory study, in addition to cognitive abilities, we attempt to link measures of preferences with outcomes of school performance. We measured in an incentivized way risk, time, social and competitive preferences and cognitive abilities of university students to look for associations between these measures and two important academic outcome measures: exam results and GPA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451826/flexibility-and-rigidity-in-object-relational-functioning-assessing-change-in-suicidal-ideation-and-global-psychiatric-functioning-using-the-scors-g
#5
A Jill Clemence, Katie Lewis
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995 ) has been widely used as an assessment measure of object relational functioning across a number of stimuli. This study used the SCORS-G to investigate associations between global impairments and rigidity in quality of object relations with changes in suicidal ideation and psychiatric functioning over time. Participant narratives describing actual interpersonal experiences were collected using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (Luborsky, 1998 ) from a sample of individuals diagnosed with complex psychopathology completing residential psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451825/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-scale-global-rating-method-from-research-to-practice
#6
Michelle B Stein, Caleb J Siefert
There continues to be a need in the field of psychology for measures that quantify qualitative data in dynamically rich and clinically meaningful ways. The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995) is a clinician-rated measure with a strong theoretical foundation that assesses sophisticated underlying constructs, specifically 8 dimensions of object relations (Stein & Slavin-Mulford, 2018 ). The SCORS-G has steadily increased in popularity and this special section of the Journal of Personality Assessment reflects this growing interest...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450863/using-self-reported-patient-experiences-to-understand-patient-burden-learnings-from-digital-patient-communities-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#7
Prashanth Sunkureddi, Dawn Gibson, Stephen Doogan, John Heid, Samir Benosman, Yujin Park
INTRODUCTION: Online communities contain a wealth of information containing unsolicited patient experiences that may go beyond what is captured by guided surveys or patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments used in clinical settings. This study described patient experiences reported online to better understand the day-to-day disease burden of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Unguided, English-language patient narratives reported between January 2010 and May 2016 were collected from 52 online sources (e...
February 15, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450447/interplay-among-psychopathologic-variables-personal-resources-context-related-factors-and-real-life-functioning-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-network-analysis
#8
Silvana Galderisi, Paola Rucci, Brian Kirkpatrick, Armida Mucci, Dino Gibertoni, Paola Rocca, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Bertolino, Gregory P Strauss, Eugenio Aguglia, Antonello Bellomo, Martino Belvederi Murri, Paola Bucci, Bernardo Carpiniello, Anna Comparelli, Alessandro Cuomo, Domenico De Berardis, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabio Di Fabio, Barbara Gelao, Carlo Marchesi, Palmiero Monteleone, Cristiana Montemagni, Giulia Orsenigo, Francesca Pacitti, Rita Roncone, Paolo Santonastaso, Alberto Siracusano, Annarita Vignapiano, Antonio Vita, Patrizia Zeppegno, Mario Maj
Importance: Enhanced understanding of factors associated with symptomatic and functional recovery is instrumental to designing personalized treatment plans for people with schizophrenia. To date, this is the first study using network analysis to investigate the associations among cognitive, psychopathologic, and psychosocial variables in a large sample of community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Objective: To assess the interplay among psychopathologic variables, cognitive dysfunctions, functional capacity, personal resources, perceived stigma, and real-life functioning in individuals with schizophrenia, using a data-driven approach...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449879/the-impact-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-on-stigma-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
S M Murray, J Augustinavicius, D Kaysen, D Rao, L K Murray, K Wachter, J Annan, K Falb, P Bolton, J K Bass
Background: Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduce stigma, particularly in conflict-affected settings. We sought to assess the effect of group Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) on stigma and the extent to which stigma might moderate the effectiveness of CPT in treating mental health problems among survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449495/evaluation-of-self-reported-patient-experiences-insights-from-digital-patient-communities-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#10
Prashanth Sunkureddi, Stephen Doogan, John Heid, Samir Benosman, Alexis Ogdie, Layne Martin, Jacqueline B Palmer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the types of experiences and treatment access challenges of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using self-reported online narratives. METHODS: English-language patient narratives reported between January 2010 and May 2016 were collected from 31 online sources (general health social networking sites, disease-focused patient forums, treatment reviews, general health forums, mainstream social media sites) for analysis of functional impairment and 40 online sources for assessment of barriers to treatment...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449298/clinical-validation-of-a-public-health-policy-making-platform-for-hearing-loss-evotion-protocol-for-a-big-data-study
#11
Giorgos Dritsakis, Dimitris Kikidis, Nina Koloutsou, Louisa Murdin, Athanasios Bibas, Katherine Ploumidou, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Doris-Eva Bamiou
INTRODUCTION: The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449034/quality-of-experience-during-horticultural-activities-an-experience-sampling-pilot-study-among-older-adults-living-in-a-nursing-home
#12
Marta Bassi, Cecilia Rassiga, Natalia Fumagalli, Giulio Senes
Horticulture was shown to represent a well-being source for older adults, encompassing the physical, mental and social domains. Aim of this pilot study was to contribute to extant literature through the investigation of the quality of experience associated with horticultural versus occupational activities. A group of 11 older residents of a nursing home were involved in a crossover study with a baseline measure. Participants attended weekly horticultural and occupational sessions for two six-week cycles. Experience Sampling Method was administered before the program and after each session, to assess participants' levels of happiness, concentration, sociability, involvement, challenges and stakes, and self-satisfaction...
February 12, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448136/improving-functional-outcomes-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-ptsd-by-changing-ptsd-severity-and-post-traumatic-cognitions
#13
Melanie S Harned, Chelsey R Wilks, Sara C Schmidt, Trevor N Coyle
Although functional impairment typically improves during evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for borderline personality disorder (BPD), functional levels often remain suboptimal after treatment. The present pilot study evaluated whether and how integrating PTSD treatment into an EBP for BPD would improve functional outcomes. Participants were 26 women with BPD, PTSD, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behavior who were randomized to receive one year of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or DBT with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD...
February 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447253/combined-impairments-in-vision-hearing-and-cognition-are-associated-with-greater-levels-of-functional-and-communication-difficulties-than-cognitive-impairment-alone-analysis-of-interrai-data-for-home-care-and-long-term-care-recipients-in-ontario
#14
Dawn M Guthrie, Jacob G S Davidson, Nicole Williams, Jennifer Campos, Kathleen Hunter, Paul Mick, Joseph B Orange, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Natalie A Phillips, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Walter Wittich
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to understand the added effects of having a sensory impairment (vision and/or hearing impairment) in combination with cognitive impairment with respect to health-related outcomes among older adults (65+ years old) receiving home care or residing in a long-term care (LTC) facility in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using existing data collected with one of two interRAI assessments, one for home care (n = 291,824) and one for LTC (n = 110,578)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447074/social-cognition-in-the-course-of-psychosis-and-its-correlation-with-biomarkers-in-a-male-cohort
#15
Evangelos Ntouros, Evangelos Karanikas, Georgios Floros, Christina Andreou, Aikaterini Tsoura, Georgios Garyfallos, Vasilios P Bozikas
INTRODUCTION: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia display deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM) and Emotion Perception (EP) even before the appearance of full-blown symptomatology. METHODS: We evaluated ToM and EP in a male cohort consisting of 25 First Episode Psychosis (FEP) and 16 relapsed schizophrenic patients (CHRON) compared to 12 subjects in Ultra-high Risk (UHR) and 23 healthy controls (CTR). Furthermore, we measured the levels of Cortisol, Insulin like Growth Factor (IGF-1), TNF-a, TNF-b and several interleukins as potential biomarkers...
February 15, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447060/treatment-of-selective-mutism-based-on-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-psychopharmacology-and-combination-therapy-a-systematic-review
#16
Kasper Rud Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Selective mutism (SM) is a debilitating childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a persistent lack of speech in certain social settings and is considered hard to treat. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacological treatments are the best described treatments in the literature. AIM: To test whether there is evidence on treatment based on CBT, medication or a combination of these. METHODS: Systematic and critical review of the literature on CBT and/or pharmacological treatments of SM...
February 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446202/conditional-deletion-of-cadherin-13-perturbs-golgi-cells-and-disrupts-social-and-cognitive-behaviors
#17
Martesa Tantra, Lanboling Guo, Jinsook Kim, Norliyana Zainolabidin, George J Augustine, Volker Eulenburg, Albert I Chen
Inhibitory interneurons mediate the gating of synaptic transmission and modulate the activities of neural circuits. Disruption of the function of inhibitory networks in the forebrain is linked to impairment of social and cognitive behaviors, but the involvement of inhibitory interneurons in the cerebellum has not been assessed. We found that Cadherin 13 (Cdh13), a gene implicated in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, is specifically expressed in Golgi cells within the cerebelluar cortex...
February 15, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445980/challenges-and-facilitators-to-promoting-a-healthy-food-environment-and-communicating-effectively-with-parents-to-improve-food-behaviors-of-school-children
#18
Hiershenee B Luesse, Rachel Paul, Heewon L Gray, Pamela Koch, Isobel Contento, Victoria Marsick
Background Childhood obesity is a major public health concern and families play an important role. Improving strategies to reach parents and directing tailored nutrition education to them is needed. Purpose To investigate the challenges and facilitators to promoting a healthy environment at home and to identify communication preferences to inform intervention strategies for effectively reaching low-income urban minority families. Procedure Semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with four groups involving 16 low-income urban parents (94% female; 88% Hispanic/Latino, 12% African American) of elementary school children...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445772/a-review-of-evidence-based-treatments-for-transgender-youth-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Samantha Busa, Aron Janssen, Mallika Lakshman
In addition to the high prevalence of gender dysphoria among transgender youth, this population is at greater risk of suffering from additional mental health disorders, including social anxiety disorder, compared to their cisgender peers. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been established as an effective form of treatment for social anxiety disorder. It is recommended that therapists modify and adapt CBT when working with minority groups such as transgender youth to ensure that the treatment is efficacious and culturally sensitive...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445514/exploring-computerised-cognitive-training-as-a-therapeutic-intervention-for-people-with-huntington-s-disease-cogtrainhd-protocol-for-a-randomised-feasibility-study
#20
Emma Yhnell, Hannah Furby, Rachel S Breen, Lucy C Brookes-Howell, Cheney J G Drew, Rebecca Playle, Gareth Watson, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Anne E Rosser, Monica E Busse
Background: Cognitive impairments, especially deficits of executive function, have been well documented as a core and early feature in Huntington's disease (HD). Cognitive impairments represent considerable burden and can be devastating for people and families affected by HD. Computerised cognitive training interventions that focus on improving executive function present a possible non-pharmacological treatment option. We propose to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and appropriate outcome measures for use in a randomised controlled feasibility study...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
keyword
keyword
49015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"