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Meningococcal Serogroup B Vaccine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678594/knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-category-b-acip-recommendations-among-primary-care-providers-for-children
#1
Allison Kempe, Mandy A Allison, Jessica R MacNeil, Sean T O'Leary, Lori A Crane, Brenda L Beaty, Laura P Hurley, Michaela Brtnikova, Megan C Lindley, Jennifer L Liang, Alison P Albert, Jean C Smith
OBJECTIVE: In 2015, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) made a category B recommendation for use of serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccines, meaning individual clinical decision-making should guide recommendations. This was the first use of a category B recommendation pertaining to a large population and the first such recommendation for adolescents. As part of a survey regarding MenB vaccine, our objectives were to assess among pediatricians (Peds) and family physicians (FPs) nationally: 1) knowledge of the meaning of category A versus B recommendations and insurance coverage implications; and 2) attitudes about category A and B recommendations...
April 17, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672552/induction-of-salivary-antibody-levels-in-dutch-adolescents-after-immunization-with-monovalent-meningococcal-serogroup-c-or-quadrivalent-meningococcal-serogroup-a-c-w-and-y-conjugate-vaccine
#2
Mariëtte B van Ravenhorst, Gerco den Hartog, Fiona R M van der Klis, Debbie M van Rooijen, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Guy A M Berbers
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal infection starts with colonisation of the upper respiratory tract. Mucosal immunity is important for protection against acquisition and subsequent meningococcal carriage. In this study, we assessed salivary antibody levels against meningococcal serogroup A (MenA), W (MenW) and Y (MenY) after vaccination with a quadrivalent MenACWY conjugated vaccine. We also compared salivary meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) antibody levels after monovalent MenC and quadrivalent MenACWY conjugated vaccination...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667483/global-epidemiology-of-serogroup-b-meningococcal-disease-and-opportunities-for-prevention-with-novel-recombinant-protein-vaccines
#3
Rodolfo Villena, Marco Aurelio P Safadi, María Teresa Valenzuela, Juan P Torres, Adam Finn, Miguel O'Ryan
Meningococcal disease (MD) is a major cause of meningitis and sepsis worldwide, with a high case fatality rate and frequent sequelae. Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, W, X and Y are responsible for most of these life-threatening infections, and its unpredictable epidemiology can cause outbreaks in communities, with significant health, social and economic impact. Currently, serogroup B is the main cause of MD in Europe and North America and one of the most prevalent serogroups in Latin America. Mass vaccination strategies using polysaccharide vaccines have been deployed since the 1970s and the use of conjugate vaccines has controlled endemic and epidemic disease caused by serogroups A, C, W and Y and more recently serogroup B using geographically-specific outer membrane vesicle based vaccines...
April 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644339/molecular-characterization-of-two-sub-family-specific-monoclonal-antibodies-to-meningococcal-factor-h-binding-protein
#4
C Lo Passo, L Zippilli, A Angiolillo, I Costa, I Pernice, R Galbo, F Felici, P T Beernink
Factor H binding protein (FHbp) is a component of two licensed vaccines for prevention of sepsis and meningitis caused by serogroup B meningococci. FHbp binds human Factor H (FH), which contributes to evasion of host immunity and FHbp sequence variants can be classified into two sub-families. Antibodies against FHbp elicit complement-mediated killing and can inhibit recruitment of FH to the bacterial surface. We report epitope mapping studies of two murine IgG mAbs, designated JAR 31 and JAR 36, isolated from a mouse immunized with FHbp in sub-family A, which is present in ∼30-40% of invasive isolates...
April 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623748/neisseria-meningitidis-disease-associated-clones-in-amazonas-state-brazil
#5
Luciete A Silva, Beatriz Coronato, Jessica Schlackman, Jane W Marsh, Chinelo Ezeonwuka, Andréia C L Fernandes, Victor C Souza, Lirna S da Silva, Elaine F Q de Amorim, Felipe G Naveca, Bernardino C de Albuquerque, Alcirene Amaral, Ana L S Souza, Filipe A Carvalho-Costa, Mustapha M Mustapha, Lee H Harrison, David E Barroso
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the molecular epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis invasive disease before the introduction of serogroup C conjugate vaccine in Amazonas State in 2010. METHODS: Meningococcal disease reported cases were investigated in Amazonas State during the period 2000-2010. N. meningitidis isolates (n = 196) recovered from patients were genotyped by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and sequencing of porB, porA, fetA, fHbp and penA...
April 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616896/distinct-evolutionary-patterns-of-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-b-disease-outbreaks-at-two-universities-in-the-usa
#6
Li Hao, Matthew T G Holden, Xin Wang, Lubomira Andrew, Sabine Wellnitz, Fang Hu, Melissa Whaley, Scott Sammons, Kristen Knipe, Mike Frace, Lucy A McNamara, Paul Liberator, Annaliesa S Anderson
Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MnB) was responsible for two independent meningococcal disease outbreaks at universities in the USA during 2013. The first at University A in New Jersey included nine confirmed cases reported between March 2013 and March 2014. The second outbreak occurred at University B in California, with four confirmed cases during November 2013. The public health response to these outbreaks included the approval and deployment of a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine that was not yet licensed in the USA...
April 4, 2018: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601256/four-year-antibody-persistence-and-response-to-a-booster-dose-of-a-pentavalent-menabcwy-vaccine-administered-to-healthy-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Johnny Beltran-Rodriguez, Jose M Novoa Pizarro, Ilhem Mensi, Pavitra Keshavan, Daniela Toneatto
This open-label, multicenter extension study (NCT01210885) assessed persistence of Neisseria meningitidis serogroups ABCWY antibodies 4 years after primary vaccination. Adolescents and young adults who previously received 2 doses of MenABCWY+OMV (Group III), 1 dose of MenACWY-CRM (Group VI), or newly-recruited vaccine-naïve participants (Group VII) were administered 1 (Group III) or 2 doses (Groups VI and VII) of MenABCWY+OMV, 1 month apart. Immunogenicity was assessed by human serum bactericidal assay (hSBA)...
March 30, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593277/prevalence-and-serogroup-changes-of-neisseria-meningitidis-in-south-korea-2010-2016
#8
Hyukmin Lee, Younghee Seo, Kyung-Hyo Kim, Kyungwon Lee, Kang-Won Choe
Determination of the major serogroups is an important step for establishing a vaccine programme and management strategy targeting Neisseria meningitidis. From April 2010 to November 2016, a total of 25 N. meningitidis isolates were collected in South Korea, in collaboration with the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology. Among isolates, 19 isolates were recovered from blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in 46 patients who suffered from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), and six isolates were found in sputum or the throat...
March 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584565/neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-b-carriage-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-milan-italy-prevalence-of-strains-potentially-covered-by-thepresently-available-meningococcal-b-vaccines
#9
Leonardo Terranova, Nicola Principi, Sonia Bianchini, Giada Di Pietro, Giulia Umbrello, Barbara Madini, Susanna Esposito
Recently, two vaccines against meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) have been developed. They are prepared according to the reverse vaccinology approach and contain 4 (4CMenB) and 2 (MenB-FHbp) cross-reactive surface proteins. In Italy 4CMenB vaccine has been included in the official vaccination schedule only recently and recommended only for infants and toddlers, whereas MenB-FHbp is not licensed. In order to collect information about the present carriage of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) in Italian adolescents and to evaluate the potential protection offered by the presently available MenB vaccines, 2,560 otherwise healthy, high school students aged 14-21 years (907 males, 35...
March 27, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565712/impact-of-meningococcal-vaccination-on-carriage-and-disease-transmission-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Paul Balmer, Cynthia Burman, Lidia Serra, Laura J York
Colonization of the human nasopharyngeal tract by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is usually asymptomatic, but life-threatening meningococcal disease with a clinical presentation of meningitis, septicemia, or more rarely, gastrointestinal symptoms, can develop. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) can be fatal within 24 hours, but IMD is vaccine-preventable. Vaccines used to protect against IMD caused by 5 of the 6 most common serogroups (A, B, C, W, and Y) may also influence carriage prevalence in vaccinated individuals...
March 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553330/genomic-surveillance-of-4cmenb-vaccine-antigenic-variants-among-disease-causing-neisseria-meningitidis-isolates-united-kingdom-2010-2016
#11
Charlene M C Rodrigues, Jay Lucidarme, Ray Borrow, Andrew Smith, J Claire Cameron, E Richard Moxon, Martin C J Maiden
In September 2015, 4CMenB meningococcal vaccine was introduced into the United Kingdom infant immunization program without phase 3 trial information. Understanding the effect of this program requires enhanced surveillance of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) Neisseria meningitidis isolates and comparison with prevaccination isolates. Bexsero Antigen Sequence Types (BASTs) were used to analyze whole-genome sequences of 3,073 prevaccine IMD N. meningitidis isolates obtained during 2010-2016. Isolates exhibited 803 BASTs among 31 clonal complexes...
April 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553310/evolution-of-sequence-type-4821-clonal-complex-meningococcal-strains-in-china-from-prequinolone-to-quinolone-era-1972-2013
#12
Qinglan Guo, Mustapha M Mustapha, Mingliang Chen, Di Qu, Xi Zhang, Min Chen, Yohei Doi, Minggui Wang, Lee H Harrison
The expansion of hypervirulent sequence type 4821 clonal complex (CC4821) lineage Neisseria meningitidis bacteria has led to a shift in meningococcal disease epidemiology in China, from serogroup A (MenA) to MenC. Knowledge of the evolution and genetic origin of the emergent MenC strains is limited. In this study, we subjected 76 CC4821 isolates collected across China during 1972-1977 and 2005-2013 to phylogenetic analysis, traditional genotyping, or both. We show that successive recombination events within genes encoding surface antigens and acquisition of quinolone resistance mutations possibly played a role in the emergence of CC4821 as an epidemic clone in China...
April 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543582/progress-toward-the-global-control-of-neisseria-meningitidis-21st-century-vaccines-current-guidelines-and-challenges-for-future-vaccine-development
#13
A W Dretler, N G Rouphael, D S Stephens
The control of meningitis, meningococcemia and other infections caused by Neisseria meningitidis is a significant global health challenge. Substantial progress has occurred in the last twenty years in meningococcal vaccine development and global implementation. Meningococcal protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines to serogroups A, C, W, and Y (modeled after the Haemophilus influenzae b conjugate vaccines) provide better duration of protection and immunologic memory, and overcome weak immune responses in infants and young children and hypo-responsive to repeated vaccine doses seen with polysaccharide vaccines...
March 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535307/structure-based-design-of-chimeric-antigens-for-multivalent-protein-vaccines
#14
S Hollingshead, I Jongerius, R M Exley, S Johnson, S M Lea, C M Tang
There is an urgent need to develop vaccines against pathogenic bacteria. However, this is often hindered by antigenic diversity and difficulties encountered manufacturing membrane proteins. Here we show how to use structure-based design to develop chimeric antigens (ChAs) for subunit vaccines. ChAs are generated against serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis (MenB), the predominant cause of meningococcal disease in wealthy countries. MenB ChAs exploit factor H binding protein (fHbp) as a molecular scaffold to display the immunogenic VR2 epitope from the integral membrane protein PorA...
March 13, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535195/predicting-the-susceptibility-of-meningococcal-serogroup-b-isolates-to-bactericidal-antibodies-elicited-by-bivalent-rlp2086-a-novel-prophylactic-vaccine
#15
Lisa K McNeil, Robert G K Donald, Alexey Gribenko, Roger French, Nathaniel Lambert, Shannon L Harris, Thomas R Jones, Sheng Li, Gary Zlotnick, Ulrich Vogel, Heike Claus, Raquel Abad, Julio A Vazquez, Ray Borrow, Jamie Findlow, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Dominique A Caugant, Paula Kriz, Martin Musilek, Xin Wang, Jeni Vuong, Leonard W Mayer, Michael W Pride, Kathrin U Jansen, Annaliesa S Anderson
Bivalent rLP2086 (Trumenba), a vaccine for prevention of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (NmB) disease, was licensed for use in adolescents and young adults after it was demonstrated that it elicits antibodies that initiate complement-mediated killing of invasive NmB isolates in a serum bactericidal assay with human complement (hSBA). The vaccine consists of two factor H binding proteins (fHBPs) representing divergent subfamilies to ensure broad coverage. Although it is the surrogate of efficacy, an hSBA is not suitable for testing large numbers of strains in local laboratories...
March 13, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503027/the-decline-of-the-incidence-of-meningococcal-disease-in-barcelona-between-1988-and-2015-the-influence-of-the-vaccine-against-serogroup-c
#16
Sandra Manzanares-Laya, Oleguer Parés-Badell, Pilar Gorrindo, Pere Simón, Miriam Ros, Anna de Andrés, Núria López Segura, Sonia Brió Sanagustín, Anna Vilella, Carlos Rodrigo Gonzalo de Liria, Àngels Orcau, Joan A Caylà
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the evolution of meningococcal disease (MD) in the city of Barcelona between 1988 and 2015 and to assess the impact of the vaccine against serogroup C. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The evolution of MD and by serogroup was analysed using the information included in the mandatory notification diseases registry. Incidences of all serogroups between the periods of before and after the implementation of the serogroup C vaccine in 2000 were compared...
March 1, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487324/human-protective-response-induced-by-meningococcus-b-vaccine-is-mediated-by-the-synergy-of-multiple-bactericidal-epitopes
#17
M Giuliani, E Bartolini, B Galli, L Santini, P Lo Surdo, F Buricchi, M Bruttini, B Benucci, N Pacchiani, L Alleri, D Donnarumma, W Pansegrau, I Peschiera, I Ferlenghi, R Cozzi, N Norais, M M Giuliani, D Maione, M Pizza, R Rappuoli, O Finco, V Masignani
4CMenB is the first broad coverage vaccine for the prevention of invasive meningococcal disease caused by serogroup B strains. To gain a comprehensive picture of the antibody response induced upon 4CMenB vaccination and to obtain relevant translational information directly from human studies, we have isolated a panel of human monoclonal antibodies from adult vaccinees. Based on the Ig-gene sequence of the variable region, 37 antigen-specific monoclonal antibodies were identified and produced as recombinant Fab fragments, and a subset also produced as full length recombinant IgG1 and functionally characterized...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479282/update-on-invasive-meningococcal-vaccination-for-canadian-children-and-youth
#18
Joan L Robinson
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is serious, often resulting in fulminant sepsis or meningitis. IMD in Canada is primarily attributable to serogroups B and C. There are routine programs for serogroup C vaccine at 12 months of age, with some jurisdictions routinely providing additional earlier doses. Adolescents routinely receive a booster dose of serogroup C vaccine or of a quadrivalent (serogroups A, C, W and Y) vaccine. Serogroup B vaccines are not recommended for routine use pending further data on the efficacy and duration of protection from the available vaccine...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410413/crystal-structure-reveals-vaccine-elicited-bactericidal-human-antibody-targeting-a-conserved-epitope-on-meningococcal-fhbp
#19
Jacinto López-Sagaseta, Peter T Beernink, Federica Bianchi, Laura Santini, Elisabetta Frigimelica, Alexander H Lucas, Mariagrazia Pizza, Matthew J Bottomley
Data obtained recently in the United Kingdom following a nationwide infant immunization program against serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis (MenB) reported >80% 4CMenB vaccine-mediated protection. Factor H-binding protein (fHbp) is a meningococcal virulence factor and a component of two new MenB vaccines. Here, we investigated the structural bases underlying the fHbp-dependent protective antibody response in humans, which might inform future antigen design efforts. We present the co-crystal structure of a human antibody Fab targeting fHbp...
February 6, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406154/meningococcal-disease-and-control-in-china-findings-and-updates-from-the-global-meningococcal-initiative-gmi
#20
REVIEW
Junhong Li, Zhujun Shao, Gang Liu, Xilian Bai, Ray Borrow, Min Chen, Qinglan Guo, Yue Han, Yixing Li, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Xihai Xu, Xin Xu, Huizhen Zheng
The Global Meningococcal Initiative (GMI) is a global expert group, including scientists, clinicians and public health officials from a wide range of specialities. The goal of the GMI is to prevent meningococcal disease worldwide through education, research, and co-operation. The Chinese GMI roundtable meeting was held in June 2017. The GMI met with local experts to gain insight into the meningococcal disease burden in China and current prevention and vaccination strategies in place. China experienced five epidemics of serogroup A meningococcal disease (MenA) between 1938 and 1977, with peak incidence of 403/100,000 recorded in 1967...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Infection
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