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Rehabilitation and musculoskeletal diseases

Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Jonas Verbrugghe, Els Knippenberg, Steven Palmaers, Thomas Matheve, Wout Smeets, Peter Feys, Annemie Spooren, Annick Timmermans
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a burden on the healthcare system. Exercise therapy is an important part of MSD rehabilitation. Motion detection systems are developed to support exercise therapy settings. This systematic review aims 1) to investigate which types of motion detection systems have been used as a technological support for exercise therapy, 2) to investigate the characteristics of motion detection supported exercise therapy in relation to its clinical indications, and 3) to evaluate the effectiveness of motion detection supported exercise therapy, in MSD rehabilitation...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mariana Alonso Monteiro Bezerra, Natália Hellwig, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro, Claudia Souza Lopes
BACKGROUND: Chronic non-communicable diseases entail high impact on health systems in Brazil and worldwide. Among the most frequent are the musculoskeletal conditions which comprise a group of diseases that influence individuals' physical status, quality of life and functional capacity. Epidemiological studies investigating the scale of such conditions in the adult population are scarce in Brazil. This study estimates the prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal conditions and their association with demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and clinical factors...
February 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Andrew J Moore, Jane C Richardson, Miriam Bernard, Julius Sim
Medical science and other sources, such as the media, increasingly inform the general public's understanding of disease. There is often discordance between this understanding and the diagnostic interpretations of health care practitioners (HCPs). In this paper - based on a supra-analysis of qualitative interview data from two studies of joint pain, including osteoarthritis - we investigate how people imagine and make sense of the pathophysiology of their illness, and how these understandings may affect self-management behavior...
February 26, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Daniele Oliveira Dos Santos, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by pathological and irreversible bronchial dilatation caused by the inefficient mucus and microorganism clearance and progression of inflammatory processes. The most frequent characteristic is the increase in bronchial mucus production resulting in slower transport and damage to the mucociliary transport. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of exercise on mucus transport, inflammation, and resistance of the respiratory and autonomic nervous systems and subsequent effects on quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis who are enrolled in a pulmonary rehabilitation program...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tracey Smythe, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V S Murthy, Christopher Lavy, Sarah Polack
Background: Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are the leading contributor to global years lived with disability. Comparable epidemiological data on MSI is lacking, and are needed to inform health and rehabilitative services. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and causes of MSI in Telangana State, India. Method: A population-based survey used probability proportionate to size and compact-segment sampling to select 51 clusters of 80 individuals (all ages)...
February 7, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Jaleel Mohammed, Ahmed AlGhamdi, Shahrukh K Hashmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Pricilla Geraldine Wittkopf, Allana Alexandre Cardoso, Tales de Carvalho, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are stressors to the body and have a negative impact on quality of life and sexual function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the coexistence of coronary heart disease and chronic musculoskeletal pain on sexual function and quality of life of patients undergoing an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study included 105 patients...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Cecilie Røe, Marit Kirkevold, Nada Andelic, Helene L Soberg, Unni Sveen, Erik Bautz-Holter, Reidun Jahnsen, Marleen R van Walsem, Line Kildal Bragstad, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gunvor Klevberg, Per Oretorp, Andreas Habberstad, Jon Hagfors, Randi Væhle, Grace Engen, Christoph Gutenbrunner
To apply the Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R) classification of services to different target groups, include the user perspective, identify missing categories, and propose standardized descriptors for the categories from a Norwegian perspective. Expert-based consensus conferences with user involvement. Health professionals, stakeholders and users. Participants were divided into 5 panels, which applied the ICSO-R to describe the habilitation and rehabilitation services provided to children with cerebral palsy and people with Huntington's disease, acquired brain injuries (traumatic brain injuries and stroke) and painful musculoskeletal conditions...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Juliana Dos Santos Müller, Ila Rocha Falcão, Maria Carolina Barreto Moreira Couto, Wendel da Silva Viana, Ivone Batista Alves, Denise Nunes Viola, Courtney Georgette Woods, Rita de Cássia Franco Rêgo
The aim is to analyze upper limb functioning and disability, and its association with health-related quality of life among artisanal fisherwomen from Bahia, Brazil. Cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of 209 fisherwomen. Structured questionnaires were used for socio-demographic and comorbidity information, as well as the instruments Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Short-Form Healthy Survey (SF-36) respectively, to evaluate the upper limbs and health-related quality of life...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ulrik Kæhler Olesen, Tobias Nygaard, Søren V Kold, Adam Hede
Limb length discrepancies, axis deviations and bone loss on a congenital, traumatic or infectious basis are treated with restoration of axis and bone elongation. The intention is to improve gait and function, to relieve pain caused by imbalance in the musculoskeletal system and to prevent degenerative joint disease. Modern motorized intramedullary nails spare the patients for external fixators, and thus complications are being reduced. X-ray, CT-based planning and a thorough clinical examination is essential for a good result...
November 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Craig M McDonald, Erik K Henricson, Richard T Abresch, Tina Duong, Nanette C Joyce, Fengming Hu, Paula R Clemens, Eric P Hoffman, Avital Cnaan, Heather Gordish-Dressman
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid treatment is recommended as a standard of care in Duchenne muscular dystrophy; however, few studies have assessed the long-term benefits of this treatment. We examined the long-term effects of glucocorticoids on milestone-related disease progression across the lifespan and survival in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, we enrolled male patients aged 2-28 years with Duchenne muscular dystrophy at 20 centres in nine countries...
February 3, 2018: Lancet
Peter Krustrup, Eva Wulff Helge, Peter R Hansen, Per Aagaard, Marie Hagman, Morten B Randers, Maysa de Sousa, Magni Mohr
The review describes the fitness and health effects of recreational football in women aged 18-65 years. The review documents that 2 × 1 h of recreational football training for 12-16 weeks causes marked improvements in maximal oxygen uptake (5-15%) and myocardial function in women. Moreover, mean arterial blood pressure was shown to decrease by 2-5 mmHg in normotensive women and 6-8 mmHg in hypertensive women. This review also show that short-term (< 4 months) and medium-term (4-16 months) recreational football training has major beneficial impact on metabolic health profile in women, with fat losses of 1-3 kg and improvements in blood lipid profile...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Drake G LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric musculoskeletal rehabilitation center in Nepal. Baseline sociodemographic data and healthcare seeking behaviors were assessed via interviews with 75 randomly selected caregivers...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Pierre J Blanchet, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Pain is experienced by the vast majority of patients living with Parkinson's disease. It is most often of nociceptive origin, but may also be ascribed to neuropathic (radicular or central) or miscellaneous sources. The recently validated King's Parkinson's Disease Pain Scale is based on 7 domains including musculoskeletal pain, chronic body pain (central or visceral), fluctuation-related pain, nocturnal pain, oro-facial pain, pain with discolouration/oedema/swelling, and radicular pain. The basal ganglia integrate incoming nociceptive information and contribute to coordinated motor responses in pain avoidance and nocifensive behaviors...
October 12, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
M Klokkerud, H Dagfinrud, T Uhlig, T N Dager, K-A Furunes, Å Klokkeide, M Larsen, S Nygård, S Nylenna, L Øie, I Kjeken
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation is important for people with musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), and evaluating the effect of rehabilitation on both an individual and group level is advocated. A consensus concerning use of outcome measures will improve collaboration between healthcare providers, and increase the possibility of conducting meta-analyses in future research. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus-based core set of outcome measures for rehabilitation in MSDs, and to test the feasibility and responsiveness of the set...
October 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Takahiro Bise, Maiko Tanoue
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia following stroke, musculoskeletal disease, or hospital-associated deconditioning in convalescent rehabilitation ward inpatients. The association between the activities of daily living (ADLs), dysphagia, and sarcopenia was also assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in consecutive patients admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards. Sarcopenia was defined as a loss of skeletal muscle mass and decreased muscle strength...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Tracey Smythe, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, Joseph Oye, Nana Christopher Sieyen, Christopher Lavy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data on musculoskeletal conditions such as degenerative joint diseases and bone fractures are lacking in low- and middle-income countries. This survey aimed to estimate the prevalence and causes of musculoskeletal impairment in Fundong Health District, North-West Cameroon. METHODS: Fifty-one clusters of 80 people (all ages) were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling. Households within clusters were selected by compact segment sampling...
November 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Courtney M Butowicz, Christopher L Dearth, Brad D Hendershot
Significance: Advances in field-based trauma care, surgical techniques, and protective equipment have collectively facilitated the survival of a historically large number of service members (SMs) following combat trauma, although many sustained significant composite tissue injuries to the extremities, including limb loss (LL) and limb salvage (LS). Beyond the acute surgical and rehabilitative efforts that focus primarily on wound care and restoring mobility, traumatic LL and LS are associated with several debilitating longer term secondary health conditions (e...
August 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
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