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Rehabilitation and musculoskeletal diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110873/predictors-of-healthcare-seeking-delays-among-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nepal
#1
Drake G LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric musculoskeletal rehabilitation center in Nepal. Baseline sociodemographic data and healthcare seeking behaviors were assessed via interviews with 75 randomly selected caregivers...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031913/chronic-pain-and-pain-processing-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
REVIEW
Pierre J Blanchet, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Pain is experienced by the vast majority of patients living with Parkinson's disease. It is most often of nociceptive origin, but may also be ascribed to neuropathic (radicular or central) or miscellaneous sources. The recently validated King's Parkinson's Disease Pain Scale is based on 7 domains including musculoskeletal pain, chronic body pain (central or visceral), fluctuation-related pain, nocturnal pain, oro-facial pain, pain with discolouration/oedema/swelling, and radicular pain. The basal ganglia integrate incoming nociceptive information and contribute to coordinated motor responses in pain avoidance and nocifensive behaviors...
October 12, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988517/developing-and-testing-a-consensus-based-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-rehabilitation-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#3
M Klokkerud, H Dagfinrud, T Uhlig, T N Dager, K-A Furunes, Å Klokkeide, M Larsen, S Nygård, S Nylenna, L Øie, I Kjeken
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation is important for people with musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), and evaluating the effect of rehabilitation on both an individual and group level is advocated. A consensus concerning use of outcome measures will improve collaboration between healthcare providers, and increase the possibility of conducting meta-analyses in future research. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus-based core set of outcome measures for rehabilitation in MSDs, and to test the feasibility and responsiveness of the set...
October 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987469/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-dysphagia-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward-inpatients
#4
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Takahiro Bise, Maiko Tanoue
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia following stroke, musculoskeletal disease, or hospital-associated deconditioning in convalescent rehabilitation ward inpatients. The association between the activities of daily living (ADLs), dysphagia, and sarcopenia was also assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in consecutive patients admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards. Sarcopenia was defined as a loss of skeletal muscle mass and decreased muscle strength...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881434/prevalence-and-causes-of-musculoskeletal-impairment-in-fundong-district-north-west-cameroon-results-of-a-population-based-survey
#5
Tracey Smythe, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, Joseph Oye, Nana Christopher Sieyen, Christopher Lavy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data on musculoskeletal conditions such as degenerative joint diseases and bone fractures are lacking in low- and middle-income countries. This survey aimed to estimate the prevalence and causes of musculoskeletal impairment in Fundong Health District, North-West Cameroon. METHODS: Fifty-one clusters of 80 people (all ages) were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling. Households within clusters were selected by compact segment sampling...
November 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831330/impact-of-traumatic-lower-extremity-injuries-beyond-acute-care-movement-based-considerations-for-resultant-longer-term-secondary-health-conditions
#6
REVIEW
Courtney M Butowicz, Christopher L Dearth, Brad D Hendershot
Significance: Advances in field-based trauma care, surgical techniques, and protective equipment have collectively facilitated the survival of a historically large number of service members (SMs) following combat trauma, although many sustained significant composite tissue injuries to the extremities, including limb loss (LL) and limb salvage (LS). Beyond the acute surgical and rehabilitative efforts that focus primarily on wound care and restoring mobility, traumatic LL and LS are associated with several debilitating longer term secondary health conditions (e...
August 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791983/a-descriptive-study-of-the-morbidity-pattern-of-older-persons-presenting-at-a-geriatric-centre-in-southwestern-nigeria
#7
E O Cadmus, L A Adebusoye, O O Olowookere, O G Oluwatosin, E T Owoaje, T O Alonge
CONTEXT: Rapid population ageing is a demographic reality in most countries of the world. Old age is associated with changes which may culminate in health problems, necessitating provision of appropriate preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. However, reports from many low- and middle-income countries have shown lack of preparedness to cater for the healthcare needs of older persons. AIM: This study described the morbidity profile and its determinants among persons aged 60 years and above who presented at an established geriatric centre in southwestern Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714659/are-patients-referred-to-rehabilitation-diagnosed-accurately
#8
Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski, Izabella Nyka, Jerzy Mycielski, Beata Tarnacka
BACKGROUND: An accurate diagnosis of the leading health condition and comorbidities is a prerequisite for safe and effective rehabilitation. The problem of diagnostic errors in physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) has not been addressed sufficiently. The responsibility of a referring physician is to determine indications and contraindications for rehabilitation. AIM: To assess the rate of and risk factors for inaccurate referral diagnoses (RD) in patients referred to a rehabilitation facility...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#9
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676468/rehabilitation-oriented-serious-game-development-and-evaluation-guidelines-for-musculoskeletal-disorders
#10
Mohamad Idriss, Halim Tannous, Dan Istrate, Anaick Perrochon, Jean-Yves Salle, Marie-Christine Ho Ba Tho, Tien-Tuan Dao
BACKGROUND: The progress in information and communication technology (ICT) led to the development of a new rehabilitation technique called "serious game for functional rehabilitation." Previous works have shown that serious games can be used for general health and specific disease management. However, there is still lack of consensus on development and evaluation guidelines. It is important to note that the game performance depends on the designed scenario. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to develop specific game scenarios and evaluate them with a panel of musculoskeletal patients to propose game development and evaluation guidelines...
July 4, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661865/health-benefits-of-tai-chi-what-is-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Patricia Huston, Bruce McFarlane
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on the health benefits of tai chi. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A literature review was conducted on the benefits of tai chi for 25 specific conditions, as well as for general health and fitness, to update a 2014 review of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews and recent clinical trials were assessed and organized into 5 different groups: evidence of benefit as excellent, good, fair, or preliminary, or evidence of no direct benefit...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656731/occupational-skin-diseases-actual-state-analysis-of-patient-management-pathways-in-28-european-countries
#12
V Mahler, K Aalto-Korte, J H Alfonso, J G Bakker, A Bauer, L Bensefa-Colas, A Boman, J Bourke, M Bubaš, P Bulat, J Chaloupka, L Constandt, T E Danielsen, R Darlenski, A Dugonik, K Ettler, A Gimenez-Arnau, M Gonçalo, J D Johansen, S M John, M Kiec-Swierczynska, P Koch, V Kohánka, B Krecisz, F Larese Filon, S Ljubojević, J Macan, B Marinović, M Matura, P W Mihatsch, D Mijakoski, J Minov, J Pace, M Pesonen, J M Ramada Rodilla, H Rast, V Reljic, C Salavastru, C Schuster, M L Schuttelaar, D Simon, R Spiewak, R Jurakic Tončić, S Urbanček, S Valiukevičienė, P Weinert, M Wilkinson, W Uter
BACKGROUND: Work-related skin diseases (WSD) are caused or worsened by a professional activity. Occupational skin diseases (OSD) need to fulfil additional legal criteria which differ from country to country. OSD range amongst the five most frequently notified occupational diseases (musculoskeletal diseases, neurologic diseases, lung diseases, diseases of the sensory organs, skin diseases) in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To retrieve information and compare the current state of national frameworks and pathways to manage patients with occupational skin disease with regard to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in different European countries...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654473/regenerative-rehabilitation-combining-stem-cell-therapies-and-activity-dependent-stimulation
#13
Chet T Moritz, Fabrisia Ambrosio
The number of clinical trials in regenerative medicine is burgeoning, and stem cell/tissue engineering technologies hold the possibility of becoming the standard of care for a multitude of diseases and injuries. Advances in regenerative biology reveal novel molecular and cellular targets, with potential to optimize tissue healing and functional recovery, thereby refining rehabilitation clinical practice. The purpose of this review is to (1) highlight the potential for synergy between the fields of regenerative medicine and rehabilitation, a convergence of disciplines known as regenerative rehabilitation; (2) provide translational examples of regenerative rehabilitation within the context of neuromuscular injuries and diseases; and (3) offer recommendations for ways to leverage activity dependence via combined therapy and technology, with the goal of enhancing long-term recovery...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650238/three-dimensional-inverse-dynamics-of-the-forelimb-of-beagles-at-a-walk-and-trot
#14
Emanuel Andrada, Lars Reinhardt, Karin Lucas, Martin S Fischer
OBJECTIVE To perform 3-D inverse dynamics analysis of the entire forelimb of healthy dogs during a walk and trot. ANIMALS 5 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURES The left forelimb of each dog was instrumented with 19 anatomic markers. X-ray fluoroscopy was used to optimize marker positions and perform scientific rotoscoping for 1 dog. Inverse dynamics were computed for each dog during a walk and trot on the basis of data obtained from an infrared motion-capture system and instrumented quad-band treadmill. Morphometric data were obtained from a virtual reconstruction of the left forelimb generated from a CT scan of the same dog that underwent scientific rotoscoping...
July 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617184/patient-perceptions-of-experience-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-isolated-heart-valve-surgery
#15
Tina B Hansen, Selina K Berg, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Ann D Zwisler, Tone M Norekvål, Anne Lee, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on whether cardiac rehabilitation is effective for patients after heart valve surgery. Yet, accepted recommendations for patients with ischaemic heart disease continue to support it. To date, no studies have determined what heart valve surgery patients prefer in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, and none have analysed their experiences with it. AIMS: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to gain insight into patients' experiences in cardiac rehabilitation, the CopenHeartVR trial...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560466/real-life-effectiveness-of-spa-therapy-in-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-retrospective-study-of-819-patients
#16
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
The objective of this study is to determine the use and efficacy of spa therapy in patients with a wide spectrum of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases under real-life clinical practice circumstances. In this retrospective observational study at the Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology Department of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, the records of all adult patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases who were prescribed a spa therapy in various health resorts in Turkey between 2002 and 2012 were analyzed...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459192/rehabilitation-2030-a-call-to-action-relevant-to-improving-musculoskeletal-health-care-globally
#17
Andrew M Briggs, Karsten E Dreinhöfer
The profile of human health is changing across the globe such that the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), particularly musculoskeletal conditions, is becoming more profound. Such change demands that health systems adapt to better support people in maintaining a functional health state and quality of life, as life expectancy continues to increase. In parallel to the rising burden of NCDs, in particular a disability burden, the need for rehabilitation services is increasing. The World Health Organization (WHO) responded recently with "Rehabilitation 2030: A Call for Action" (February 6-7, 2017, Geneva, Switzerland) and the publication of key recommendations for action...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451835/significance-of-sequential-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-through-inter-hospital-cooperation-between-acute-care-and-rehabilitation-hospitals-in-elderly-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-in-japan
#18
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Katsuhiro Ueno, Yuko Fukuda, Naoto Kanazawa, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Rikito Zaiki, Hiroaki Fuzisaki, Haruka Yoshioka, Maki Sasaki, Kentaro Iwata, Tadaaki Koyama, Takeshi Kitai, Yutaka Furukawa, Tetsuya Takahashi
This study is to evaluate the impact of cooperation between acute care hospital and rehabilitation hospital on physical function, exercise tolerance, activities of daily living (ADL), health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and psychological function in heart disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. Among patients undergoing concurrent medical treatment and cardiac rehabilitation starting early in acute care hospitalization, we selected 30 patients who required continued cardiac rehabilitation in rehabilitation hospitals as subjects...
April 27, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#19
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434244/-helping-reintegration-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-musculoskeletal-diseases-with-decreased-working-ability-in-the-national-institute-of-rheumatology-and-physiotherapy-budapest-hungary
#20
Julianna Rozália Sallai, Aniella Hunka, Gábor Héjj, Géza Bálint, Gyula Poór
INTRODUCTION: An important task of our institute is to support social reintegration: including occupational rehabilitation of patients suffering from chronic musculoskeletal diseases with decreased working ability. AIM: The aim of the authors was to provide informations of their daily practice, how they perform patient education, giving information for their patients about their disease, the rehabilitation possibilities, how they support the patients with decreased working ability to take part in their own rehabilitation...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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