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Rehabilitation and musculoskeletal diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284228/interactive-wearable-systems-for-upper-body-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Qi Wang, Panos Markopoulos, Bin Yu, Wei Chen, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: The development of interactive rehabilitation technologies which rely on wearable-sensing for upper body rehabilitation is attracting increasing research interest. This paper reviews related research with the aim: 1) To inventory and classify interactive wearable systems for movement and posture monitoring during upper body rehabilitation, regarding the sensing technology, system measurements and feedback conditions; 2) To gauge the wearability of the wearable systems; 3) To inventory the availability of clinical evidence supporting the effectiveness of related technologies...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279266/parallels-between-astronauts-and-terrestrial-patients-taking-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-to-infinity-and-beyond
#2
Julie Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Gita Ramdharry, Rebecca Cusack, Jacob Bloomberg, Maria Stokes
Exposure to the microgravity environment induces physiological changes in the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and sensorimotor systems in healthy astronauts. As space agencies prepare for extended duration missions, it is difficult to predict the extent of the effects that prolonged exposure to microgravity will have on astronauts. Prolonged bed rest is a model used by space agencies to simulate the effects of spaceflight on the human body, and bed rest studies have provided some insights into the effects of immobilisation and inactivity...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277047/patients-with-chronic-pain-may-need-extra-support-when-prescribed-physical-activity-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#3
Monica Joelsson, Susanne Bernhardsson, Maria E H Larsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain, but chronic pain may implicate a poor rehabilitation outcome. The concept of physical activity on prescription (PAP) is a therapeutic option for various diseases, but there is a lack of knowledge about how patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain experience receiving the prescription. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the experiences of and thoughts about receiving a prescription for physical activity of people with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142368/utilization-of-physical-therapy-intervention-among-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-in-the-united-states
#4
John J Fraser, Neal R Glaviano, Jay Hertel
Study Design Retrospective observational study. Background Plantar fasciitis is responsible for 1 million ambulatory patient care visits annually in the United States. Few studies have investigated practice patterns in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Objective To assess physical therapist utilization and employment of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Methods A retrospective review of the PearlDiver patient record database was used to evaluate physical therapist utilization and use of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in patients with plantar fasciitis between 2007 and 2011...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119839/risk-factors-for-delirium-during-acute-and-subacute-stages-of-various-disorders-in-patients-admitted-to-rehabilitation-units
#5
Soyeon Jang, Kwang-Ik Jung, Woo-Kyoung Yoo, Myung Hun Jung, Suk Hoon Ohn
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors for delirium in patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit for acute or subacute neurological or musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 537 patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit and selected 398 patients in the acute or subacute stage of various neurological or musculoskeletal disorders. Among them, patients who had suffered from delirium were categorized into the delirium group (n=65), and the other patients were categorized into the non-delirium group (n=333)...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092566/wake-up-exoskeleton-to-assist-children-with-cerebral-palsy-design-and-preliminary-evaluation-in-level-walking
#6
Fabrizio Patane, Stefano Rossi, Fausto Del Sette, Juri Taborri, Paolo Cappa
This paper presents the modular design and control of a novel compliant lower limb multi-joint exoskeleton for the rehabilitation of ankle knee mobility and locomotion of pediatric patients with neurological diseases, such as Cerebral Palsy (CP). The device consists of an untethered powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO), addressed as WAKE-up (Wearable Ankle Knee Exoskeleton), characterized by a position control and capable of operating synchronously and synergistically with the human musculoskeletal system...
January 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068163/description-and-rate-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-air-force-basic-military-trainees-2012-2014
#7
Nathaniel S Nye, Mary T Pawlak, Bryant J Webber, Juste N Tchandja, Michelle R Milner
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects. OBJECTIVE:  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features. SETTING:  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018685/coexistence-of-factor-vii-deficiency-and-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-two-siblings
#8
Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, M Teresa Alvarez-Roman, Ana L Hernandez-Moreno
We present the case of two patients aged 12 years and 7 years who were referred to our hospital for factor VII deficiency inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, who had suffered from previous multiple joint haemarthroses. They presented with fine motor symptoms and difficulty in walking. During physical examination we observed neurological symptoms (general hypotonia, muscular hypotrophy, exaggerated tendon reflexes, pes cavus, and spastic gait). Given that the symptoms were not justified by the deficiency of coagulation factor VII and on suspicion of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), tests were carried out...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927025/-whenever-i-can-i-push-myself-to-go-to-work-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Paula Holland, Alison M Collins
PURPOSE: UK government policy emphasizes the importance of continuing to work for recovery from poor health, yet sickness presenteeism (going to work whilst ill) is commonly regarded as having negative consequences for organizations and individuals. Our study explores experiences of working after onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by high rates of work disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and six-month follow-up with 11 men and women with RA employed at disease onset...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866992/comorbidities-that-cause-pain-and-the-contributors-to-pain-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Yi-Wen Chen, Pat G Camp, Harvey O Coxson, Jeremy D Road, Jordan A Guenette, Michael A Hunt, W Darlene Reid
OBJECTIVE: To determine comorbidities that cause pain and the potential contributors to pain in individuals with COPD. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs of six centers. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of individuals with COPD who attended pulmonary rehabilitation programs (n=137). In total, 100 (73%) returned the survey packages. Of those responders, 96 (70%) participants were included in the analyses...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811517/unique-issues-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete-after-musculoskeletal-injury
#11
Mark V Paterno
Youth sports participation is on the rise, resulting in an increase in sports-related injuries in the pediatric and adolescent population. The presentation of injury, pathology, and disease in this younger population is often unique and may require customize and novel medical and rehabilitation interventions to optimize the outcome. The purpose of this review is to highlight unique considerations in the rehabilitation management of the pediatric and adolescent athlete. General guidelines for progression of this population through a criteria-based rehabilitation program with a focus on a systematic return to sport algorithm will be reviewed...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728939/-assessing-social-resources-in-the-chronically-ill-development-and-initial-psychometric-testing-of-an-ego-centered-network-generator
#12
J Lamprecht, M Robinski, W Mau
Background: The social network is one of the most significant resources during the course of the rehabilitation. However, there is a lack of short instruments in questionnaire format for the assessment of social relations in the chronically ill. We therefore developed a network generator (NWG), and tested its performance in patients with different diseases during medical rehabilitation. Methods: We tested its reliability, validity and acceptance in 882 inpatients participating in medical rehabilitation programs (cancer N=290, musculoskeletal diseases N=292, and psychosomatic diseases N=300)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666693/-reduced-adl-qol-and-musculoskeletal-dysfunction-associated-with-respiratory-disease
#13
REVIEW
Toshiaki Homma
Chronic respiratory disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)continues to cause a heavy health and economic burden in the world. Lower-limb muscle dysfunction is a prominent and major extrapulmonary features in individuals with moderate-to-very severe COPD and has important clinical implications, such as reduced exercise tolerance, activity of daily living(ADL), health related quality of life(HRQOL)and even survival. Osteoporosis is also an important systemic feature of COPD. Osteoprotic fracture cause many symptoms and complications, including the impairment of ventilation, and create a heavy economic burden...
2016: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576331/how-is-the-ultrasound-in-rheumatology-used-implemented-and-applied-in-latin-american-centers-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#14
Marwin Gutierrez, Cristina Hernandez-Diaz, Lucio Ventura-Rios, Lina María Saldarriaga-Rivera, Santiago Ruta, Magaly Alva, Claudia Mora -Trujillo, Wilkerson Pérez, Henry Terrazas, Rodolfo Del Carmen Arape Toyo, Maritza Quintero, Carla Solano, Oscar Sedano Santiago, Janet Grisel Huamán Sotomayor, Cesar Cefferino, Guillermo E Py, Marcelo J Audisio, Walter Javier Spindler, Horacio Berman, Carla Airoldi, Rómulo Wong, Ana Laura Álvarez Del Castillo Araujo, Mario E Díaz, Carmen Cerón Villaquiran, Rubén Darío Mantilla, José Alexandre Mendonça, Inês Guimarães da Silveira, Aline Defaveri do Prado, Melissa Cláudia Bisi, Violeta Rosario, Jeannette Medrano-Sánchez, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Ana Cecilia Lozada-Navarro, Araceli Bernal, Maribel Lozano, Carlos Pineda
This study aimed to perform an overview of how ultrasound (US) is being used, implemented, and applied in rheumatologic centers in Latin America (LA). A retrospective, multicenter 1-year experience study was undertaken. Eighteen centers from eight countries were involved. The following information were collected: demographic data, indication to perform an US examination, physician that required the examination, and the anatomical region required for the examination. A total of 7167 patients underwent an US examination...
December 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512886/effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-scar-pain-in-burn-patients-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yoon Soo Cho, So Young Joo, Huisong Cui, Sung-Rae Cho, Haejun Yim, Cheong Hoon Seo
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been used to reduce pain in patients with various musculoskeletal diseases and wounds. We investigated the effect of ESWT on scar pain after complete wound epithelialization in burn patients. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted from February 2014 to 2015. Forty patients with burn scar pain despite standard therapy (medication, physical therapy, and burn rehabilitation massage therapy) were randomized into ESWT or control (sham ESWT) groups...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502810/efficacy-of-rehabilitation-with-tai-ji-quan-in-an-italian-cohort-of-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Gianluca Paoletti, Michael Calà, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy, Svetlana Mikhaylova
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, muscle tenderness leading to disability, impaired quality of life (QoL), fatigue and it is accompanied by sleep disorders and psychological distress. Mind body therapies (MBT), such as Tai Ji Quan (TJQ), use different techniques to facilitate the ability of the mind to influence disease characteristics and symptoms. Some studies showed that TJQ, in patients with rheumatic diseases, particularly FMS, improved QoL, disability and psychological distress...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487544/-planning-of-volume-and-terms-of-orthodontic-treatment-of-patients-with-transversal-maloclusion
#17
Любовь В Смаглюк, Алевтина Н Белоус
INTRODUCTION: In planning of orthodontic treatment, as well as the alleged end of the treatment of orthodontic patients with transversal malocclusion should first pay attention to the treatment of opportunistic diseases that can affect the outcome of treatment of orthodontic patients (for example, rehabilitation of the nasopharynx, the treatment of rickets, the treatment of scoliosis posture, scoliosis ). THE AIM: definition of related factors affecting the volume and timing of the treatment of patients with transversal malocclusion...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440437/brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-revised-fibromyalgia-impact-questionnaire-fiqr-br-cross-cultural-validation-reliability-and-construct-and-structural-validation
#18
Jaqueline Basilio Lupi, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu, Mariana Candido Ferreira, Renê Donizeti Ribeiro de Oliveira, Thais Cristina Chaves
PURPOSE: This study aimed to culturally adapt and validate the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) to Brazilian Portuguese, by the use of analysis of internal consistency, reliability, and construct and structural validity. METHOD: A total of 100 female patients with fibromyalgia participated in the validation process of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the FIQR (FIQR-Br).The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for statistical analysis of reliability (test-retest), Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency, Pearson's rank correlation for construct validity, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for structural validity...
July 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434197/best-practices-for-intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-patient-selection
#19
REVIEW
Michael Saulino, Cindy B Ivanhoe, John R McGuire, Barbara Ridley, Jeffrey S Shilt, Aaron L Boster
INTRODUCTION: When spasticity interferes with comfort, function, activities of daily living, mobility, positioning, or caregiver assistance, patients should be considered for intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy. METHODS: An expert panel consulted on best practices. RESULTS: ITB can be considered for problematic spasticity involving muscles/muscle groups during all phases of diseases, including progressive neurologic diseases. ITB alone or with other treatments should not be exclusively reserved for individuals who have failed other approaches...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345747/cost-effectiveness-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-supervised-exercise-and-home-exercise-for-older-adults-with-chronic-neck-pain
#20
Brent Leininger, Christine McDonough, Roni Evans, Tor Tosteson, Anna N A Tosteson, Gert Bronfort
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Chronic neck pain is a prevalent and disabling condition among older adults. Despite the large burden of neck pain, little is known regarding the cost-effectiveness of commonly used treatments. PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of home exercise and advice (HEA), spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) plus HEA, and supervised rehabilitative exercise (SRE) plus HEA. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Cost-effectiveness analysis conducted alongside a randomized clinical trial (RCT) was performed...
November 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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