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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903425/activation-of-akt-and-jnk-nrf2-nqo1-pathway-contributes-to-the-protective-effect-of-coptisine-against-aaph-induced-oxidative-stress
#1
Yin-Ran Hu, Hang Ma, Zong-Yao Zou, Kai He, Yu-Bo Xiao, Yue Wang, Min Feng, Xiao-Li Ye, Xue-Gang Li
Coptisine (COP) is one of the main active constituents of Coptidis Rhizoma. Previous studies have clarified that COP possesses antioxidant activity, but its defensive effects against pathological characteristics accompanied by oxidative damage in animal models and antioxidant mechanism are still unclear. Therefore, our purpose was to confirm the antioxidant activity of COP and explore its mechanism of action. We first detected the effects of COP on intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), heart beating rate, lipid peroxidation and cell death in zebrafish model with AAPH-induced oxidative stress...
November 27, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900198/do-rocker-sole-shoes-influence-postural-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-trial
#2
C Sian MacRae, Duncan Critchley, Matthew Morrissey, Adam Shortland, Jeremy S Lewis
BACKGROUND: People with chronic low back pain (CLBP) demonstrate greater postural instability compared with asymptomatic individuals. Rocker-sole shoes are inherently unstable and may serve as an effective balance training device. This study hypothesised that wearing rocker-sole shoes would result in long-term improvement in barefoot postural stability in people with CLBP. METHODS: 20 participants with CLBP were randomised to wear rocker-sole or flat-sole shoes for a minimum of 2 hours each day...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893566/validity-and-reliability-of-a-portable-balance-tracking-system-btracks-in-older-adults
#4
Susan S Levy, Katie J Thralls, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls are the leading cause of disability, injury, hospital admission, and injury-related death among older adults. Balance limitations have consistently been identified as predictors of falls and increased fall risk. Field measures of balance are limited by issues of subjectivity, ceiling effects, and low sensitivity to change. The gold standard for measuring balance is the force plate; however, its field use is untenable due to high cost and lack of portability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890623/sirt1-protects-osteoblasts-against-particle-induced-inflammatory-responses-and-apoptosis-in-aseptic-prosthesis-loosening
#5
Zhantao Deng, Zhenheng Wang, Jiewen Jin, Yong Wang, Nirong Bao, Qian Gao, Jianning Zhao
: We hypothesized that SIRT1 downregulation in osteoblasts induced by wear particles was one of the reasons for particle-induced osteolysis (PIO) in total joint arthroplasty failure. In the present study, the expression of SIRT1 was examined in osteoblasts treated with TiAl6V4 particles (TiPs) and CoCrMo particles (CoPs) from materials used in prosthetics and specimens from PIO animal models. To address whether SIRT1 downregulation triggers inflammatory responses and apoptosis in osteoblasts, the effect of a SIRT1 activator, resveratrol on the expression of inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis in particle-treated osteoblasts was tested...
November 23, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889942/sword-a-sharp-performance-and-activity-tool-for-ibd-surgeons-with-a-blunt-message
#6
A G Acheson, S R Brown, O Faiz, N S Fearnhead
High quality performance and activity data for surgery are paramount in maintaining good clinical practice and for quality improvement initiatives. Clinical Outcome Publication (COP) is an NHS England initiative that publishes quality measures following elective bowel cancer surgery at individual consultant and Trust level using National Audit data. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 27, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888694/head-movement-measurement-an-alternative-method-for-posturography-studies
#7
REVIEW
L F Ciria, M A Muñoz, J Gea, N Peña, J G V Miranda, P Montoya, J Vila
The present study evaluated the measurement of head movements as a valid method for postural emotional studies using the comparison of simultaneous recording of center of pressure (COP) sway as criterion. Thirty female students viewed a set of 12 pleasant, 12 unpleasant and 12 neutral pictures from the International Affective Picture System, repeated twice, using a block presentation procedure while standing on a force platform (AMTI AccuSway). Head movements were recorded using a webcam (©KPC139E) located in the ceiling in line with the force platform and a light-emitting diode (LED) placed on the top of the head...
November 17, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886116/simultaneous-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-determination-and-antioxidant-activity-of-linarin-luteolin-chlorogenic-acid-and-apigenin-in-different-parts-of-compositae-species
#8
Seung Hwan Hwang, Ji Hun Paek, Soon Sung Lim
Linarin (LA), luteolin (LE), chlorogenic acid (CA) and apigenin (AP) are four major flavonoids with various promising bioactivities found in Compositae (COP) species. A reliable, reproducible and accurate method for the simultaneous and quantitative determination of these four major flavonoids by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) analysis was developed. This method should be appropriate for the quality assurance of COP. The UPLC separation was carried out using an octadecylsilane (ODS) Hypersil (2...
November 23, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883154/the-effect-of-the-nanofibrous-al2o3-aspect-ratio-on-fischer-tropsch-synthesis-over-cobalt-catalysts
#9
Chengchao Liu, Yuhua Zhang, Yanxi Zhao, Liang Wei, Jingping Hong, Li Wang, Sufang Chen, Guanghui Wang, Jinlin Li
A series of nanofibrous alumina materials with diameters of 4-6 nm and with different aspect ratios ranging from 3 to 16 were prepared. Cobalt impregnated catalysts were prepared by means of incipient wetness impregnation on alumina nanofibers while the 'rearranged' catalysts were prepared by using ultrasonication assistance to mix the fibers with the Co3O4 nanoparticles. The effects of the alumina nanofiber aspect ratios on the Co catalyst structure and performance for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis were studied...
November 24, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882910/does-nintendo-wii-balance-board-improve-standing-balance-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Alex Soto-Poblete, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Edith Elgueta-Cancino, Eduardo Cofré Lizama
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effect of systemic exercise programs to improve the standing balance with the Nintendo Wii system is very limited and its post- treatment effectiveness is unknown in cerebral palsy (CP) patients. AIM: Primary aim was to compare the effect of Nintendo Wii balance board (Wii- therapy) and standard physiotherapy (SPT), on the performance of standing balance in children and adolescents with CP. Secondary aim was to determine the post-treatment effectiveness of Wii-therapy and SPT...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876656/postural-sway-balance-confidence-and-fear-of-falling-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-to-matched-controls
#11
Marcelo Taglietti, Laís Faganello Dela Bela, Josilainne Marcelino Dias, Alexandre Roberto Marcondes Pelegrinelli, Jéssyca Fernandes Nogueira, João Pedro Batista Júnior, Rodrigo Gustavo da Silva Carvalho, Joseph Gerard McVeigh, Ligia Maria Facci, Felipe Arruda Moura, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease that commonly affects the knee joints. Individuals over 65 years with knee OA have a greater risk of falls. However, there has be limited examination of the parameters of postural sway (increased time, speed and postural sway area (center of pressure area (CoP)), and OA of the knee. OBJECTIVES: Primary: to determine whether the CoP variables discriminate between patients with knee OA and matched healthy volunteers, and to correlate the CoP variables with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and Falls Self-Efficacy Scale (FES); Secondary: to compare the CoP of the older women with OA with a control group in bipedal support condition with eyes opened and closed...
November 19, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871026/copeptin-a-potential-endocrine-surrogate-marker-of-cck-4-induced-panic-symptoms
#12
Cüneyt Demiralay, Agorastos Agorastos, Alexander Yassouridis, Holger Jahn, Klaus Wiedemann, Michael Kellner
Intravenous cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) administration reliably and dose-dependently provokes panic anxiety in man, accompanied by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol release. Preclinical findings suggest that behavioral and endocrine effects of CCK-4 are mediated via corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) release. Anxiogenic stimulation of the central CCK-receptors in man was shown to increase as well vasopressin (AVP), which acts synergistically with CRH as pituitary-adrenocortical axis stimulator during stress...
November 8, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867080/biomechanical-advantages-of-robot-assisted-pedicle-screw-fixation-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-compared-to-free-hand-technique-in-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-perspective-for-patient-specific-finite-element-analysis
#13
Ho-Joong Kim, Kyoung-Tak Kang, Sung-Cheol Park, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom, Lawrence G Lenke
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There have been conflicting results regarding the surgical outcome of lumbar fusion surgery using two different techniques between robot-assisted pedicle screw fixation and conventional free-hand technique. In addition, there have been no studies about biomechanical issues between the both techniques. PURPOSE: To investigate biomechanical properties in terms of stress at adjacent segments using robot-assisted pedicle screw insertion technique (robot-assisted minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion, Rom-PLIF) and free-hand technique (conventional, free-hand, open approach, posterior lumbar interbody fusion, Cop-PLIF) for instrumented lumbar fusion surgery...
November 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858700/three-months-of-resistance-training-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-improves-reactive-balance-control-under-unstable-conditions
#14
Erika Zemková, Ol'a Kyselovičová, Michal Jeleň, Zuzana Kováčiková, Gábor Ollé, Gabriela Řtefániková, Tomáš Vilman, Miroslav Baláž, Timea Kurdiová, Jozef Ukropec, Barbara Ukropcová
BACKGROUND: Contrary to static and dynamic balance, there is a lack of scientific evidence on the training induced changes in reactive balance control in response to unexpected perturbations in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effect of 3 months of resistance and aerobic training programs on postural responses to unexpected perturbations under stable and unstable conditions in the overweight and obese. METHODS: A group of 17 overweight and obese subjects, divided into two groups, underwent either resistance or aerobic training for a period of 3 months (3 sessions per week)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855310/between-leg-differences-in-challenging-single-limb-balance-performance-one-year-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Anna L Hatton, Kay M Crossley, Ross A Clark, Timothy S Whitehead, Hayden G Morris, Adam G Culvenor
Following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, reconstructive surgery (ALCR) is often performed to mechanically stabilise the knee, however functional deficits often persist long after surgery. Impaired single-limb standing balance has been observed in the ACLR limb compared to healthy individuals. However, it remains inconclusive as to whether these same balance deficits exist between the injured and contralateral uninjured limbs, during challenging balance tasks, and at a time when patients are permitted to return to sport...
November 11, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836806/hypometric-anticipatory-postural-adjustments-in-dystonia-are-not-affected-by-deep-brain-stimulation-of-globus-pallidus-internus
#16
Gregor Brecl Jakob, Olena Pelykh, Annika Plate, Zuzana Košutzká, Zvezdan Pirtošek, Maja Trošt, Joseph Ilmberger, Peter Valkovic, Jan H Mehrkens, Kai Bötzel
BACKGROUND: Dystonia is a movement disorder with patterned, directional, and often sustained muscle contractions that produce abnormal postures or repetitive movements. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is an effective and safe treatment for medically refractory dystonia. However, recent studies reported gait problems, gait freezing and falls in patients treated with DBS. Because these symptoms may point to deficient gait initiation processes, we systematically assessed the anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) prior to stepping in dystonia patients with GPi-DBS...
November 9, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836066/diagnosing-cefazolin-hypersensitivity-lessons-from-dual-labeling-flow-cytometry
#17
A P Uyttebroek, V Sabato, N Cop, I I Decuyper, M A Faber, C H Bridts, C Mertens, M M Hagendorens, L S De Clerck, D G Ebo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835770/the-effects-of-eyeball-exercise-on-balance-ability-and-falls-efficacy-of-the-elderly-who-have-experienced-a-fall-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jin-Hyuck Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of eyeball exercise on balance and fall efficacy of the elderly who have experienced a fall. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to the eyeball exercise group (n=30) or functional exercise group (n=31). All subjects received 30 sessions for 10 weeks. To identify the effects on balance, static and dynamic balance were measured using the center of pressure (CoP) measurement equipment and Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) respectively...
November 5, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834825/independent-factors-of-changes-of-ankle-brachial-index-in-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-in-elderly-patients-with-or-without-diabetes
#19
Ewelina Bąk, Czesław Marcisz, Monika Kadłubowska, Anna Michalik, Bożena Krawczyk, Dorota Dobrzyń-Matusiak, Sylwia Krzemińska, Tomasz Fiałkowski, Elżbieta Glądys, Agnieszka Drosdzol-Cop
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) belongs to the commonly-occurring pathologies associated with elderly age. A simple tool for defining the severity of PAD is the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The purpose of this research was to determine independent factors of changes of ABI in elderly patients with occlusive PAD disease (PAOD) with and without diabetes. The research was carried out on 49 elderly patients with PAOD, including 29 patients with type 2 diabetes, and 20 patients without diabetes. The concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6), E-selectin, fibrinogen, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the blood serum was marked...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834583/spinal-cord-injury-and-seated-postural-control-a-test-of-the-rambling-and-trembling-hypothesis
#20
Sunghoon Shin, Jacob J Sosnoff
Rambling-trembling analysis separates the center of pressure (COP) into two components: the rambling component (RM: supraspinal) and trembling component (TM: muscle stiffness/reflex). We hypothesized that persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) would demonstrate decreased RM resulting from altered supraspinal processing and increased TM resulting from increased muscle stiffness. We also anticipated that the TM component would be greater in SCI patients with Harrington rods than in those without them. The seated postural control was assessed in 18 persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), comprising of 12 with and 6 without Harrington rods, and 18 age-matched controls...
November 11, 2016: Motor Control
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