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Kelvin J Murray, Tom Molyneux, Michael R Le Grande, Aurora Castro Mendez, Franz K Fuss, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between mild leg length discrepancy (LLD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) or osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated standard postural lumbopelvic radiographs from 255 adults (121 women and 134 men) who had presented with spinal pain for chiropractic care. Symmetry of femoral head diameters was used to exclude magnification errors. Pearson's partial correlation was used to control for age and derive effect sizes for LLD on DJD in the hip and lower lumbar motion segments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Bina Eftekhar-Sadat, Mostafa Ghavami, Vahideh Toopchizadeh, Masood Ghahvechi Akbari
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that increases with age. Wrist bone mineral density (BMD) has significant correlation with other skeletal sites and it could be used as a diagnostic method for osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of wrist BMD in diagnosing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 99 postmenopausal women with mean age of 57 ± 6.9 (range 50-76) years were evaluated...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Margaret E Gruen, Marcela Alfaro-Córdoba, Andrea E Thomson, Alicia C Worth, Ana-Maria Staicu, B Duncan X Lascelles
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Accelerometry is used as an objective measure of physical activity in humans and veterinary species. In cats, one important use of accelerometry is in the study of therapeutics designed to treat degenerative joint disease (DJD) associated pain, where it serves as the most widely applied objective outcome measure. These analyses have commonly used summary measures, calculating the mean activity per-minute over days and comparing between treatment periods. While this technique has been effective, information about the pattern of activity in cats is lost...
2017: PloS One
Henry C Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Fabrizio Bembo, Julia Eraud, Cecile Philandrianos, Baptiste Bertrand, Alain Silvestre, Julie Veran, Florence Sabatier, Guy Magalon, Jeremy Magalon
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and potential efficacy of a standardized technique consisting of intra-articular injection of 10 cc of a homogeneous mixed product using autologous micro-fat and platelet rich plasma (PRP) (ratio 1:1) in the carpus or the fetlock joint of sport horses presenting degenerative joint disease (DJD). METHODS: Eight sport horses with DJD confirmed by radiography and ultrasonography and causing lameness and the impossibility to compete were treated...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Margaret E Gruen, Kristen M Messenger, Andrea E Thomson, Emily H Griffith, Hayley Paradise, Shelly Vaden, B D X Lascelles
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) is highly prevalent in cats, and pain contributes to morbidity. In humans, alterations of cytokine concentrations have been associated with joint deterioration and pain. Similar changes have not been investigated in cats. Cytokine concentrations can be measured using multiplex technology with small samples of serum or plasma, however, serum and plasma are not interchangeable for most bioassays. Correlations for cytokine concentrations between serum and plasma have not been evaluated in cats...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
E L Schiffman, M Ahmad, L Hollender, K Kartha, R Ohrbach, E L Truelove, L Zhang, J S Hodges, E Sommers, G C Anderson, Y M Gonzalez, X Guo, J O Look
The longitudinal course of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement (DD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) has never been conclusively described with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, respectively. This 8-y observational study's objective was to assess the longitudinal stability of DD and DJD among 401 subjects. The Validation Project provided baseline measures; follow-up was performed in the TMJ Impact Project. With magnetic resonance imaging, 2 radiologists rendered a consensus diagnosis of normal/indeterminate, DD with reduction, or DD without reduction...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Research
Claire E O'Hanlon, Sydne J Newberry, Marika Booth, Sean Grant, Aneesa Motala, Margaret A Maglione, John D FitzGerald, Paul G Shekelle
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA)/degenerative joint disease (DJD) is increasing in the USA. Systematic reviews of treatment efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of hyaluronic acid (HA) injections report conflicting evidence about the balance of benefits and harms. We review evidence on efficacy and AEs of intraarticular viscosupplementation with HA in older individuals with knee osteoarthritis and account for differences in these conclusions from another systematic review...
November 4, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Michael J Zelefsky, Marisa A Kollmeier, Elan Gorshein, Xin Pei, Marina Torres, Sean McBride, Laura Happersett, Gil'ad N Cohen, Yoshiya Yamada
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and predictors of hip toxicity postradiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 4067 prostate cancer patients were treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT; n=2569; 63%) or brachytherapy with or without supplemental EBRT (n=1508; 27%). 43% (n=1738) were treated with neo-adjuvant and concurrent ADT and 57% (n=2329) with radiotherapy alone. Hip toxicity was defined as moderate or severe pain upon ambulation with or without the need for hip-revision surgery...
October 15, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
R Matthew McKean, Patrick F Bergin, Geoffrey Watson, Siddhant K Mehta, Thom A Tarquinio
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis is a standard operative treatment for symptomatic arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Patients with degenerative joint disease (DJD), severe hallux valgus, and metatarsus primus varus may also require fusion of the first MTP joint. An important question in the latter group of patients is whether a proximal first metatarsal osteotomy is required, in addition to the first MTP joint fusion. Our hypothesis was that patients with severe hallux valgus and metatarsus primus varus, treated with first MTP joint arthrodesis alone, would have correction of the first-to-second intermetatarsal angle (1-2 IMA) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) to near population norms, without the addition of a proximal first metatarsal osteotomy...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
M E Gruen, A E Thomson, E H Griffith, H Paradise, D P Gearing, B D X Lascelles
BACKGROUND: Neutralizing antibodies against nerve growth factor (NGF) are analgesic in rodent models, naturally occurring degenerative joint disease (DJD) pain in dogs, and chronic pain in humans. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a fully felinized anti-NGF antibody (NV-02) for the treatment of DJD pain and mobility impairment in cats. ANIMALS: Thirty-four client-owned cats with DJD-associated pain and mobility impairment. METHODS: In a placebo-controlled, pilot, masked clinical study, cats were randomized to a single treatment with NV-02 (0...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Henry C Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Jorge D Oldan, A Stewart Hawkins, Bennett B Chin
Understanding the range and variability of normal, benign degenerative, and malignant (18)F sodium fluoride ((18)F NaF) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) uptake is important in influencing clinical interpretation. Further, it is essential for the development of realistic semiautomated quantification techniques and simulation models. The purpose of this study is to determine the range of these values in a clinically relevant patient population with prostate cancer. (18)F NaF PET/CT scans were analyzed in patients with prostate cancer (n = 47) referred for evaluation of bone metastases...
May 2016: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Stefania Zampetti, Valentina Mariotti, Nico Radi, Maria Giovanna Belcastro
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of degenerative joint disease (DJD) features (marginal lipping, porosity, surface osteophytes, eburnation, and loss of joint morphology) with sex, age, and occupation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We devised a recording method for scoring the single features in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle of an Italian skeletal sample of 332 individuals (males = 161, females = 171) of known sex, age, and occupation from the Frassetto collection (Sassari, Sardinia, 19th-20th century)...
August 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Y J Zha, X Y Jiang, M Q Gong
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the surgical techniques and treating results of the old "terrible triad" of the elbow. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 11 cases of old "terrible triad" of the elbow treated by the author from March 2009 to February 2014 were performed, with 9 males and 2 females; mean age was (31.82±8.66) years (17-45 years). The average time after injury was (6.36±2.50) weeks (4-12 weeks), with 7 cases on the left and 4 right. The combined injury included 2 cases with distal radius fractures, 1 with ankle fractures, fractures of the distal radius and the head injury (minor epidural hematoma, no surgery), and 1 with Pilon fractures and L4 fractures (fixed at local hospital)...
April 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Mila Freire, David Knazovicky, Beth Case, Andrea Thomson, B Duncan X Lascelles
Detecting dogs with central sensitization (CS) secondary to chronic pain is hampered by the current inability to measure this condition. The current study aimed to use quantitative sensory testing (QST) to measure (CS) in normal dogs and dogs with painful degenerative joint disease (DJD). It was hypothesized that QST would differ between these two groups of animals. Mechanical and thermal sensory thresholds obtained in animals with DJD-associated pain on two time points 28 days apart were compared with those of normal dogs...
April 2016: Veterinary Journal
Shinya Yura, Saori Harada, Kazuhiko Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis, which is also called degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is primarily a disease that results from the breakdown and loss of cartilage in joints. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance images for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients (50 joints) with closed locking of the temporomandibular joint were examined with magnetic resonance imaging and then underwent arthroscopic surgery...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Pasquale Farsetti, Roberto Caterini, Vito Potenza, Massimiliano Dragoni, Ernesto Ippolito
The authors report the results of long-term follow-up in 29 patients treated for non-union of the carpal navicular with a modified Murray technique performed through a lateral approach. Mean patient age at surgery was 22.5 years. Average time from injury to surgery for nonunion was 18 months. In 5 cases, mild signs of osteoarthritis of the radioscaphoid joint (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse [SNAC] stage I) were present before surgery, and in 2 cases, radiographic signs of avascular necrosis of the proximal nonunion fragment were evident...
September 2015: Orthopedics
Matthew T Houdek, Eric R Wagner, Benjamin K Wilke, Cody C Wyles, Michael J Taunton, Franklin H Sim
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve an oncological margin during limb salvage surgery for tumors of the distal femur, part or the entire knee joint is frequently sacrificed. Endoprosthetics make limb salvage possible through restoration of a functional extremity. Currently there remains a paucity of data concerning their long-term outcomes and associated risk factors for failure. METHODS: We identified 152 patients who underwent an endoprosthetic reconstruction for an oncological process of the distal femur between 1972 and 2013...
January 2016: Knee
Cody C Wyles, Matthew T Houdek, Atta Behfar, Rafael J Sierra
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful chronic condition with a significant impact on quality of life. The societal burden imposed by OA is increasing in parallel with the aging population; however, no therapies have demonstrated efficacy in preventing the progression of this degenerative joint disease. Current mainstays of therapy include activity modification, conservative pain management strategies, weight loss, and if necessary, replacement of the affected joint. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a multipotent endogenous population of progenitors capable of differentiation to musculoskeletal tissues...
2015: Stem Cells and Cloning: Advances and Applications
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