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Canine T cells

B Horvath, N Szentandrassy, R Veress, D Baranyai, K Kistamas, J Almassy, A Toth, J Magyar, T Banyasz, P P Nanasi
Intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) is often buffered by using the cell-permeant acetoxy-methylester form of the Ca2+ chelator BAPTA (BAPTA-AM) under experimental conditions. This study was designed to investigate the time-dependent actions of extracellularly applied BAPTA-AM on action potential duration (APD) in cardiac cells. Action potentials were recorded from enzymatically isolated canine ventricular myocytes with conventional sharp microelectrodes. The effect of BAPTA-AM on the rapid delayed rectifier K+ current (IKr ) was studied using conventional voltage clamp and action potential voltage clamp techniques...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Manuel R Schmidli, Bettina Fuhrer, Nadine Kurt, David Senn, Michaela Drögemüller, Ulrich Rytz, David E Spreng, Simone Forterre
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inflammation during the pathogenesis of cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD) in dogs and despite the latest knowledge suggesting a significant role of adipose tissue in osteoarthritis, the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) was up to now mostly disregarded in veterinary investigations. In the present study, the inflammatory activity of the IFP, the main adipose structure within the stifle joint, was thoroughly investigated to evaluate its potential impact in the pathogenesis of this common disease of our canine companions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Soo-Hyeon Lee, Dong-Jun Shin, Yoseop Kim, Cheol-Jung Kim, Je-Jung Lee, Mee Sun Yoon, Tung Nguyen Thanh Uong, Dohyeon Yu, Ji-Youn Jung, Duck Cho, Bock-Gie Jung, Sang-Ki Kim, Guk-Hyun Suh
Natural killer (NK) cells play a pivotal role in the immune response against infections and malignant transformation, and adopted transfer of NK cells is thought to be a promising therapeutic approach for cancer patients. Previous reports describing the phenotypic features of canine NK cells have produced inconsistent results. Canine NK cells are still defined as non-B and non-T (CD3- CD21- ) large granular lymphocytes. However, a few reports have demonstrated that canine NK cells share the phenotypic characteristics of T lymphocytes, and that CD3+ CD5dim CD21- lymphocytes are putative canine NK cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ying Wang, Yijie Li, Beibei Zhang, Fuchun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Stray dogs are the reservoirs and carriers of rabies and are definitive hosts of echinococcosis. To control the overpopulation of stray dogs, zona pellucida 3 (ZP3), a primary receptor for sperm, is a potential antigen for developing contraceptive vaccines. To enhance the immune responses and contraceptive effects of canine ZP3 (cZP3), dog gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and a T cell epitope of chicken ovalbumin (OVA) were selected to construct two fusion proteins with cZP3, ovalbumin-GnRH-ZP3 (OGZ) and ovalbumin-ZP3 (OZ), and their contraceptive effects were evaluated in mice...
May 11, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Luís F S Batista, Yuri T Utsunomiya, Thaís B F Silva, Mariana M Carneiro, Joyr S F Paiva, Rafaela B Silva, Thaíse Y Tomokane, Claudio N Rossi, Acácio D Pacheco, Rafaela B P Torrecilha, Fernando T Silveira, Mary Marcondes, Cáris M Nunes, Márcia D Laurenti
The anti-inflammatory properties of sand fly saliva favor the establishment of the Leishmania infantum infection. In contrast, an antibody response against Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva is often associated with a protective cell-mediated response against canine visceral leishmaniasis. Genetic studies may demonstrate to what extent the ability to secrete anti-saliva antibodies depends on genetic or environmental factors. However, the genetic basis of canine antibody response against sand fly saliva has not been assessed...
2018: PloS One
M-M Liu, T C Flanagan, S Jockenhovel, A Black, C-C Lu, A T French, D J Argyle, B M Corcoran
Myxomatous mitral valve disease is the most common cardiac disease of the dog, but examination of the associated cellular and molecular events has relied on the use of cadaveric valve tissue, in which functional studies cannot be undertaken. The aim of this study was to develop a three-dimensional (3D) cell co-culture model as an experimental platform to examine disease pathogenesis. Mitral valve interstitial (VIC) and endothelial (VEC) cells were cultured from normal and diseased canine (VIC only) valves. VICs were embedded in a fibrin-based hydrogel matrix and one surface was lined with VECs...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Olivier Humbert, Frieda Chan, Yogendra S Rajawat, Troy R Torgerson, Christopher R Burtner, Nicholas W Hubbard, Daniel Humphrys, Zachary K Norgaard, Patricia O'Donnell, Jennifer E Adair, Grant D Trobridge, Andrew M Scharenberg, Peter J Felsburg, David J Rawlings, Hans-Peter Kiem
Hematopoietic stem-cell gene therapy is a promising treatment of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID-X1), but currently, it requires recipient conditioning, extensive cell manipulation, and sophisticated facilities. With these limitations in mind, we explored a simpler therapeutic approach to SCID-X1 treatment by direct IV administration of foamy virus (FV) vectors in the canine model. FV vectors were used because they have a favorable integration site profile and are resistant to serum inactivation...
May 8, 2018: Blood Advances
H M Suranji Wijekoon, Eugene C Bwalya, Jing Fang, Sangho Kim, Kenji Hosoya, Masahiro Okumura
BACKGROUND: Sodium pentosan polysulfate (NaPPS) was testified as a chondroprotective drug in with a detailed rationale of the disease-modifying activity. This study was undertaken to determine whether anti-osteoarthritis drug, NaPPS inhibited osteoclasts (OC) differentiation and function. Canine bone marrow mononuclear cells (n = 6) were differentiated to OC by maintaining with receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) for up to 7 days with the treatment of NaPPS at concentration of 0, 0...
May 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Mohammad M Pourseif, Gholamali Moghaddam, Hossein Daghighkia, Ahmad Nematollahi, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: In this study, we targeted the worm stage of Echinococcus granulosus to design a novel multi-epitope B- and helper T-cell based vaccine construct for immunization of dogs against this multi-host parasite. Methods: The vaccine was designed based on the local Eg14-3-3 antigen (Ag). DNA samples were extracted from the protoscoleces of the infected sheep's liver, and then subjected to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with 14-3-3 specific forward and reverse primers. For the vaccine designing, several in silico steps were undertaken...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Nicole Jungwirth, Laura Salinas Tejedor, Wen Jin, Viktoria Gudi, Thomas Skripuletz, Veronika Maria Stein, Andrea Tipold, Andrea Hoffmann, Martin Stangel, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Florian Hansmann
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are regarded as an immune privileged cell type with numerous regeneration-promoting effects. The in vivo behavior of MSC and underlying mechanisms leading to their regenerative effects are largely unknown. The aims of this study were to comparatively investigate the in vivo behavior of canine (cMSC), human (hMSC), and murine MSC (mMSC) following intra-cerebroventricular transplantation. At 7 days post transplantation (dpt), clusters of cMSC, hMSC, and mMSC were detected within the ventricular system...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Ersilia Barbato, Alice Traversa, Rosanna Guarnieri, Agnese Giovannetti, Maria Luce Genovesi, Maria Rosa Magliozzi, Stefano Paolacci, Andrea Ciolfi, Simone Pizzi, Roberto Di Giorgio, Marco Tartaglia, Antonio Pizzuti, Viviana Caputo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the clinical and molecular characterization of a family segregating a trait consisting of a phenotype specifically involving the maxillary canines, including agenesis, impaction and ectopic eruption, characterized by incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity. DESIGN: Clinical standardized assessment of 14 family members and a whole-exome sequencing (WES) of three affected subjects were performed. WES data analyses (sequence alignment, variant calling, annotation and prioritization) were carried out using an in-house implemented pipeline...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Anna-Katharina Döring, Johannes Junginger, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein
The majority of dogs with ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments (crCLs) have inflammatory changes of the stifle joint suggesting that synovitis is an important factor which is involved in the development of degenerative ligament changes. Detailed information is not available concerning the possible occurrence of inflammatory changes in the stifle joint synovium of dogs with macroscopically intact crCLs and its correlation with presence and severity of degenerative changes of the crCLs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine post mortem tissue samples of 56 dogs with non-ruptured crCLs histologically for the presence of inflammatory and degenerative changes of the stifle joint synovium and cruciate ligaments, respectively...
February 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Heather L Gardner, Sarah B Rippy, Misty D Bear, Kim L Cronin, Heather Heeb, Holly Burr, Claire M Cannon, Kumar V Penmetsa, Srikant Viswanadha, Swaroop Vakkalanka, Cheryl A London
BACKGROUND: RV1001 is a novel, potent, and selective PI3Kδ inhibitor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RV1001 in canine Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS AND RESULTS: Inhibition of endogenous pAKT by RV1001 in primary canine NHL cells was determined by Western blotting. A phase I study of RV1001 was performed in 21 dogs with naïve and drug resistant T and B-cell NHL to assess safety, pharmacokinetic profile, and response to therapy...
2018: PloS One
Aurea Virginia Andrade da Silva, Fabiano Borges Figueiredo, Rodrigo Caldas Menezes, Arthur Augusto Mendes-Junior, Luisa Helena Monteiro de Miranda, Elisa Cupolillo, Renato Porrozzi, Fernanda Nazaré Morgado
The spleen is one of the main affected organs in canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). Disorganization of the splenic white pulp (SWP) has been associated with immunosuppression and disease progression. This study aims to assess structural and cellular changes in the splenic extracellular matrix of dogs with CVL, correlating these changes with the parasite load and clinical signs. Splenic fragments were collected from 41 naturally infected animals for parasite load quantification by quantitative PCR, histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry for CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells; CD21+ B cells; Ki-67+, IFN-γ+, and IL-10+ cells; and the MMP-9 and ADAM-10 enzymes...
April 20, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Leila Taher, Julia Beck, Wen Liu, Catrin Roolf, Jan T Soller, Barbara C Rütgen, Sabine E Hammer, Murali Chodisetti, Sina Sender, Katharina A Sterenczak, Georg Fuellen, Christian Junghanss, Bertram Brenig, Ingo Nolte, Ekkehard Schütz, Hugo Murua Escobar
In dogs as well as humans, lymphoma is one of the most common hematopoietic malignancies. Furthermore, due to its characteristics, canine lymphoma is recognized as a clinically relevant in vivo model to study the corresponding human disease. Immortalized cell lines are widely used as in vitro models to evaluate novel therapeutic agents and characterize their molecular mechanisms. However, it is known that long-term cultivation leads to clonal selection, genetic instability, and loss of the initial heterogenic character, limiting the usefulness of cell lines as preclinical models...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shilpa Nallamala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda, Praveen Kumar Manchikatla, Sravya Taneeru
Introduction: Age estimation is one of the essential factors in establishing the identity of an individual. Among various methods, exfoliative cytology (EC) is a unique, noninvasive technique, involving simple, and pain-free collection of intact cells from the oral cavity for microscopic examination. Objective: The study was undertaken with an aim to estimate the age of an individual from the average cell size of their buccal smears calculated using image analysis morphometric software and the pulp-tooth area ratio in mandibular canine of the same individual using radiovisiography (RVG)...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
L Kramer, S Crosara, G Gnudi, M Genchi, C Mangia, A Viglietti, C Quintavalla
Melarsomine dihydrochloride (Immiticide®, Merial) is the only approved adulticidal drug for the treatment of canine heartworm disease (HWD). However, in cases where arsenical therapy is not possible or is contraindicated, a monthly heartworm preventive along with doxycycline for a 4-week period, which targets the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia, might be considered. There are published reports on the efficacy of ivermectin and doxycycline in both experimentally and naturally infected dogs, but no data on the use of other macrocyclic lactones (MLs) with a similar treatment regime...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
E Milne, Y Martinez Pereira, C Muir, T Scase, D J Shaw, G McGregor, L Oldroyd, E Scurrell, M Martin, C Devine, H Hodgkiss-Geere
OBJECTIVES: To develop a provisional immunohistochemistry panel for distinguishing reactive pericardium, atypical mesothelial proliferation and mesothelioma in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived pericardial biopsies were subject to haematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry for cytokeratin, vimentin, insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3, glucose transporter 1 and desmin. Samples were scored for intensity and number of cells stained...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Ana Paula M M Almeida, Leopoldo F M Machado, Daniel Doro, Frederico C Nascimento, Leonardo Damasceno, Ricardo Tostes Gazzinelli, Ana Paula Fernandes, Caroline Junqueira
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major public health issue reported as the second illness in mortality among all tropical diseases. Clinical trials have shown that protection against VL is associated with robust T cell responses, especially those producing IFN-γ. The Leishmania amastigote 2 (A2) protein has been repeatedly described as immunogenic and protective against VL in different animal models; it is recognized by human T cells, and it is also commercially available in a vaccine formulation containing saponin against canine VL...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Alessia Pallaoro, Rustin Y Mirsafavi, William T N Culp, Gary B Braun, Carl D Meinhart, Martin Moskovits
Canine lower urinary tract neoplasia is a clinically important disease process that has high mortality due to late stage diagnosis and poorly durable response to treatment. Non-invasive diagnostic techniques (e.g. dipstick test, urine cytology) currently have poor diagnostic value, while more invasive tests (e.g. cystoscopy and biopsy) are costly and often require general anesthesia. We have developed and herein describe a quantitative cytological analysis method based on the use of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), for identifying cancerous transitional cells in urine using SERS biotags (SBTs) carrying the peptide PLZ4 (amino acid sequence cQDGRMGFc) that targets malignant transitional cells...
March 26, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
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